Endnotes for Chapter XXII

1 Hist Ground Forces Reinf Comd, V, pt. II (6 Jun 44-8 May 45) , RED VAULT, USFET. In December the term "reinforcement" was substituted for "replacement" in the ETO and the Ground Force Replacement Command became the Ground Force Reinforcement Command.

2 Memo, SHAEF G-3 for CofS, t4 Dec 44, GCT/322-99/OE, SHAEF OCS, SGS, 370.9/2, I, 13 Oct 44-29 Dec 44.

3 Papers in ETO AG 322 (Repl Units)Units), Dec 44.

4 CofS ETO ComZ, to ComZ G-1 through CofS, 19 Dec 44, item 1, ETO AG 322/49 (Repl Units).

5 Hist of Special Sec of Office of IG (29 Jun 41-16 Nov 45) , Tab A to Hist OTIG, WDSS, World War II, OCMH; ETO ComZ CofS to ComZ G-1, 27 Dec 44, ETO AG 322/48 (Repl Units).

6 Ltr, Hq ComZ ETO to Comdrs of Cld Trps ComZ, 26 Dec 44, ETO AG 322 X 353 XSGS.

7 CofS, Hq ComZ ETO, ComZ CofS to ComZ G-1, 27 Dec 44, ETO AG 322/49 (Repl Units); Ltr, Hq ComZ ETO to CG's SOLOC, U.K. Base and Sec Comdrs ComZ, 28 Dec 44, ETO AG 322 X 353 XGA.

8 Info Ltr, SHAEF OCS to Eisenhower, 3 Jan 44 (45], SHAEF OCS 291.2 I, 26 Dec 44-23 Dec 45. "Marked statement" quoted and italicized in text.

9 Draft, "To C/S Personally DE," 4 Jan 45, SHAEF OCS 291.2 1, 26 Dec 44-23 Dec 45

10 Ibid.; Ltr, Hq ComZ ETO to CG's SOLOC, U.K. Base and Sec Comdrs ComZ, 26 Dec 44, ETO AG 322 x 353 XSGS, Incl to Ltr, Hq ComZ to same, 4 Jan 45. Italics in original.

11 1st Ind to Ltr, ComZ to Comdrs Cld Units, 26 Dec 44 (original version) Hq Normandy Base Sec to CO All Cld Units, 28 Dec 44, ETO, AG 322 x 353 XSGS GA.

12 CRS (Staff Min Sheet), SHAEF G-1 to ETOUSA AG, 8 Jan 45; ETOUSA IRS, ETO G-1 to CG through CofS, 9 Jan 45; Ltr, Hq ETO to CG ComZ, 9 Jan 45; all in ETO AG 322/48 (Rep] Units) III.

13 IRS, ETO G-1 to ETO AG, 12 Jan 45; Ltr, Hq ComZ ETO to CG GFRC. 14 Jan 45; both in ETO AG 322/48 (Reel Units) III.

14 Hist of Special Sec of Office of IG (29 Jul 4116 Nov 45) , OCMH.

15 From I&E Div Rpt B-X57, 3 Jul 45. See also Shirley Star, "Negro Soldiers," in Samuel A. Stouffer, et al., The American Soldier: Adjustment During Army Life (Princeton: Princeton University Press,1949) , P. 588.

16 Ltr, Gen Davis to Chief GI Sec, Hq ETOUSA, 5 Mar 45, GI Sec Rpt 33, ETO AG 333-1.

17 Memo, CG ComZ ETOUSA for Gen Lear, 1 Feb 45, ETO AG 322/49 (Repl Units) III.

18 Memo, ODTC ETO for Col Paul K.] Porch, 10 Feb 45, DTC ETO 291.2 Negro Race; Ltrs, DTC ETO to Lt Gen Omar Bradley, Lt Gen Jacob L. Devers, and Maj Gen Albert Brown, 10 Feb 45. DTC 200.3 Manpower, DTC 291.2 Negro Race.

19 G-1 Rpt, 2d Inf Div, Mar 45, 302-ms (10510); an. 3 (G-1 Rpt) , 99th Inf Div, Mar 45. 399-334 (10046) ; an. 2 (Personnel) , 104th Inf Div, Feb 45, 3104-33.4 (9455) : G-1 Rpt, AAR ist Inf Div, Mar 45, 301-11.2 (10273) ; AAR 8th Inf Div, Apr 45, 308-33,4 (8730) : AAR ist Army, Mar 45, 101-33.4 (10047) ; 111 Corps G-1 Jnl, Mar 45, L595.

20 Ltr, Hq 2d Bn 309th inf to CO 309th Inf, 6 Jul 45, 78th Inf Div 291.2; Ltr, Hq 272d Inf to CG 69th Inf Div, 19 Mar 45, 69th Inf Div 291.2.

21 Address, Brig. Gen. Charles Lanham (Asst Div Comdr io4th Inf Div) before American Council on Race Relations, New York City, 12 July 1946, Radio Station WMCA transcript.

22 G-1 Rpt, AAR ist Inf Div, Mar 45; Pers an., AAR 100th Inf Div, Mar 45.

23 Pers an., AAR 104th Inf Div, Mar 45.

24 Ltr, Davis to Chief GI Insp Sec, Hq ETOUSA, 25 Apr 45, Rpt 60, GI Insp, ETO AG 333.1

25 ist Lt Morton J. Stussman, Goth: Follow Thru (Chr. Scheufle, Stuttgart, n.d.) , p.110.

26 Hq Third Army GO 255, 18 Sep 45; Capt. Joseph B. Mittelman, Eight Stars to Victory (Washington: 9th Infantry Division Association,1948) , p. 366.

27 Ltr, Davis to GI Insp Sec, 25 Apr 45, Rpt 60, GI Insp, ETO AG 333.1.

28 Pers an., AAR 104th Inf Div, Apr 45.

29 Ltr, Davis to GI Insp Sec, 25 Apr 45, cited n. 27. See also reprint of United Press dispatch on the "Dusky Devastators," one of these platoons, in Leo A. Hoegh and Howard J. Doyle, Timberwolf Tracks: The History of the 104th Infantry Division, 1942-1945 (Washington: The Infantry Journal Press, 1946) . PP. 321-22. 396-77.

30 Ltr, 26th Inf to CG 1st Inf Div, 20 June 45, Incl to Ltr, Hq XII Corps to CG Third Army, 21 Jun 45, ETO AG 353 (GNMLC).

31 Ibid.

32 Ltr, Hq 16th Inf to CG ist Inf Div, 20 Jun 45, Incl 1 to above.

33 Ltr, 18th Inf to CG ist Inf Div, 20 Jun 45. Incl 2 to above.

34 Ibid.

35 Ltr, Hq 99th Inf Div to CG XII Corps, 21 Jun 45. ETO AG 319.1

36 Ernest W. Frizz, compiler, 393d Infantry [99th Division] in Review: A Pictorial Account of 393d Infantry Regiment in Combat, 1944-1945 (Salt Lake City: Robert E. Freed, 1946) .

37 G-1 Rpt 12th Armd Div, Mar 45, L-1 1 10 (2) .

38 12th Armd Div G-1 Jnl, 12 Feb and 16 Mar 45.

39 G-1 Rpt and Jnl, G-9 Opns Rpt 12th Armd Div, Mar 45.

40 Ltr, Hq Seventh Army to CG 12th Army Gp, 29 Jan 45, ETO AG 922-C.

41 Ibid.

42 AAR 25th Tk Bn, Apr 45; AAR 94th Recon Sq (M) , Apr 45; Capt Joseph Carter, The History of the 14th Armored Division (Atlanta: Love, n.d.), ch. XIII.

43 Ltr, Davis to Chief, GI Insp Sec, 25 Apr 45, Rpt 61, GI Sec Files, EUCOM 333.1.

44 Carter received the Distinguished Service Cross. Hq Seventh Army GO 580, 4 Oct 45.

45 Ltr, Hq 14th Armd Div to CG XX Corps ,20 Jun 45, Incl to 1st Ind, Hq XX Corps to CG Third Army, 21 Jun 45, ETO AG 353 Gen GNMTC.

46 Carter, 14th Armored Division, ch. XIII. This unofficial history contains a detailed account of the employment of Seventh Army Provisional Company No. 4 along with a detailed account of all units in the 14th Armored Division.

47 Carter, 14th Armored Division, ch. XIII.

48 Ibid.; S-3 Jul and S-3 Periodic Rpts, 25th Tk Bn, Apr 45.

49 Info RS, CofS Sec Seventh Army Misc Papers, envelope 9, L-1135.

50 Lt. Robert Lewis, "Negroes Under Fire," The Progressive and LaFollette's Magazine, IX (September 9, 1945) 4.

51 Ibid.

52 Ltr, CO 2d Bn 309th Inf to CO 309th Inf, 6 Jul 45. 78th Div 291.2.

53 Hist of Special Sec OTIG, loc. cit.; Ltr, CO 310th Inf to CG 78th Inf Div, 7 Jul 45, 78th Div 291.2.

54 Ltr, CO 2d Bn 309th Inf to CO gogth Inf, 6 Jul 45. loc. cit. It should be noted that a large proportion of white troops did not return with their units either.

55 Personal Ltr, Walter L. Wright, Jr., to Col John M. Kemper, 3 Jul 49, in OCMH files.

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