The War of American Independence


Colonial Wars: General

as of 10 December 1996  

Acquila, Richard. The Iroquois Restoration: Iroquois Diplomacy on the Colonial Frontier, 1701-1754. Detroit: Wayne State University Press, 1983.


-----. "The Iroquois Restoration: A Study of Iroquois Power, Politics, and Relations with Indians and Whites, 1700-1744." Ph.D. Dissertation, Ohio State University, 1977.


Ahearn, Marie L. The Rhetoric of War: Training Day, The Militia, and the Military Sermon. Westport: Greenwood, 1989.


Aimone, Alan C. "New Netherland's Military Experience." Halve Maen, 51 (October 1976), pp. 15-17; 51 (January 1977), pp. 13-14.


-----, and Barbara Aimone. "New Netherland Defends Itself." Military Collector and Historian, 32 (Summer 1980), pp. 52-57.


-----, and -----. "New York's Provincial Militia." Military Collector and Historian, 33 (Summer 1981), pp. 52-68.


Aldridge, Frederick Stokes. "Organization and Administration of the Militia System of Colonial Virginia." Ph.D. Dissertation, American University, 1964.


Alexander, Jon A. T. "Colonial New England Preaching on War As Illustrated in Massachusetts Artillery Election Sermons." Journal of Church and State, 7 (August 1975), pp. 423-442.


Anderson, Virginia De John. "The Origins of New England Culture." William and Mary Quarterly, 3d Ser., 48 (April 1991), pp. 231-237.


Ansell, S. T. "Legal and Historical Aspects of the Militia." Yale Law Journal, 26 (April 1917), pp. 471-480.


Archambault, Alan, and John P. Lauth. "Artillery Company of Newport, Rhode Island, 1741-1757." Military Collector and Historian, 31 (Summer 1979), p. 79.


Axtell, James. The Invasion Within: The Contest of Cultures in Colonial North America. New York: Oxford University Press, 1985.


-----, and William C. Sturdevant. "The Unkindest Cut, or Who Invented Scalping." William and Mary Quarterly, 3d Ser., 37 (July 1980), pp. 451-472.


Bailey, Alfred Goldsworth. "The Conflict of European and Eastern Algonkian Cultures." Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Toronto, 1934.


Baker, Emerson Woods, II. "Trouble to The Eastward: The Failure of Anglo-Indian Relations in Early Maine." Ph.D. Dissertation, College of William and Mary, 1986.


Becker, Marshall Joseph. "Lenape Population at the Time of European Contact: Estimating Native Numbers in the Lower Delaware Valley." Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society, 133 (June 1989), pp. 112-122.


Boender, Debra R. "Our Fires Have Nearly Gone Out: A History of Indian-White Relations on the Colonial Maryland Frontier." Ph.D. Dissertation, University of New Mexico, 1988.


Boorstin, Daniel J. The Americans: The Colonial Experience. New York: Random House, 1958.


Boucher, Ronald L. "The Colonial Militia As a Social Institution: Salem, Massachusetts 1764-1775." Military Affairs, 37 (December 1973), pp. 125-130.


Brainard, Newton C. "Connecticut's First Fort." Connecticut Historical Society Bulletin, 26 (April 1961), pp. 49-55.


Brebner, J. Bartlett. "Paul Mascarene of Annapolis Royal." Dalhousie Review, 8 (January 1929), pp. 501-516.


Breen, Timothy. "English Origins and New World Development: The Case of the Covenanted Militia in Seventeenth-Century Massachusetts." Past & Present, 57 (November 1972), pp. 74-96.


Brown, Gayle K. "'Into the Hands of Papists': New England Captives in French Canada and the English Anti-Catholic Tradition, 1689-1763." Maryland Historian, 21 (Fall/Winter 1990), pp. 1-11.


Browne, George Waldo. "The Snow Shoe Scouts." Manchester Historic Association Collections, 4 (1908), pp. 5-22.


Brush, Ted. "New Jersey Forts on the Delaware Frontier." North Jersey Highlander, 12 (Summer, Fall, Winter 1976), pp. 23-35, 21-32, 15-32.


Burton, William John. "Hellish Fiends and Brutish Men: Amerindian-Euroamerican Interaction in Southern New England. An Interdisciplinary Analysis, 1600-1750." Ph.D. Dissertation, Kent State University, 1976.


Calloway, Colin G. The Western Abenakis of Vermont, 1600-1800: War, Migration, and the Survival of an Indian People. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1990.


-----. "The Conquest of Vermont: Vermont's Indian Troubles in Context." Vermont History, 52 (Summer 1984), pp. 161-179.


Canny, Nicholas, and Anthony Pagden, editors. Colonial Identity in the Atlantic World, 1500-1800. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1987.


Champagne, Roger. "The Military Association of the Sons of Liberty." New-York Historical Society Quarterly, 44 (July 1957), pp. 338-350.


Chapman, Leonard B. "Block and Garrison Houses of Ancient Falmouth." Collections and Proceedings of the Maine Historical Society, 2d Ser., 6 (1895), pp. 37-53.


Chapin, Howard M. "Colonial Military Flags." New England Quarterly, 4 (July 1931), pp. 448-459.


Chester, Joseph L. "The Standard of the Three County Troop." New England Historical and Genealogical Register, 25 (April 1871), pp. 138-140.


Clark, Murtie June, compiler. Colonial Soldiers of the South 1732-1774. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1983.


Cole, David William. "The Organization and Administration of the South Carolina Militia System, 1670-1783." Ph.D. Dissertation, University of South Carolina, 1953.


-----. "A Brief Outline of the South Carolina Militia System." Proceedings of the South Carolina Historical Association for 1955, pp. 14-23.


Colie, Philip S. "The Housatonic-Stockbridge Indians: 1734-1749." Ph.D. Dissertation, State University of New York at Albany, 1977.


Cooper, Johnson Gaylord. "Oswego in the French-Indian Struggle in North America, 1720-1760." Ph.D. Dissertation, Syracuse University, 1961.


Cook, Edward M., Jr. "Local Leadership and the Typology of New England Towns, 1700-1785." Political Science Quarterly, 86 (December 1971), pp. 586-608.


Cook, Roy Bird. "Virginia Frontier Defenses, 1719-1795." West Virginia History, 1 (January 1940), pp. 119-130.


Cook, Sherburne F. "Interracial Warfare and Population Decline Among the New England Indians." Ethnohistory, 20 (Winter 1973), pp. 1-24.


Copeland, Peter F., and Fitzhugh McMaster. "The Charleston Artillery Company, 1756-1768." Military Collector and Historian, 25 (Winter 1973), pp. 196-197.


-----, and -----. "South Carolina Regiment of Horse, 1740-1775." Military Collector and Historian, 25 (Fall 1973), pp. 142-144.


-----, and James P. Simpson. "11th New Hampshire Provincial Regiment, 1774-1775." Military Collector and Historian, 21 (Spring 1969), pp. 16-18.


Corkran, David H. The Cherokee Frontier: Conflict and Survival, 1740-62. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1962.


-----. The Creek Frontier, 1540-1783. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1967.


Cotterill, Robert. The Southern Indians: The Story of the Civilized Tribes Before the Removal. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1954.


Crane, Verner W. The Southern Frontier, 1670-1732. Durham: Duke University Press, 1928.


Crozier, William Armstrong, editor. Virginia Colonial Militia, 1651-1776. 1903. Reprinted Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1965.


Cummings, Abbott Lowell. "The Garrison House Myth." Historical New Hampshire, 22 (Spring 1967), pp. 3-17.


Cureton, Charles H. "The Virginia Cavalry, 1646-1783: A History of Organizational Development." Ph.D. Dissertation, Miami University, 1985.


Daniels, Bruce C., editor. Power and Status: Officeholding in Colonial America. Middletown, Conn.: Wesleyan University Press, 1986.


Davies, Glanville J. "Military Leadership at Newfoundland Before 1729." Journal of the Society for Army Historical Research, 59 (Winter 1981), pp. 194-200.


Davis, William Newall, Jr. "Frontier Fortifications along the Virginia Fall Line." Tyler's Quarterly Historical and Genealogical Magazine, 23 (July 1941), pp. 4-10.


Dederer, John Morgan. War in America to 1775: Before Yankee Doodle. New York: New York University Press, 1990.


De Valinger, Leon. Colonial Military Organization in Delaware, 1638-1776. Wilmington: Historical Society of Delaware, 1938.


De Vorsey, Louis, Jr. The Indian Boundary in the Southern Colonies, 1763-1775. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1966.


Drake, Samuel G. "Notes on the Indian Wars in New England." New England Historical and Genealogical Register, 12 (January, April 1858), pp. 1-16, 161-172; 15 (1861), pp. 33-44, 149-160, 257-268.


Dunlay, Thomas William. "Indian Allies in the Armies of New Spain and the United States: A Comparative Study." New Mexico Historical Review, 56 (July 1981), pp. 239-258.


Eames, Steven C. "Rustic Warriors: Warfare and the Provincial Soldier on the Northern Frontier, 1689-1748." Ph.D. Dissertation, University of New Hampshire, 1988.


Eid, Leroy V. "The Neglected Side of American Indian War in the Northeast." Military Review, 61 (February 1981), pp. 9-21.


Eliades, David K. "The Indian Policy of Colonial South Carolina., 1670-1763." Ph.D. Dissertation, University of South Carolina, 1981.


Esbenshade, Ranz E. "'Sober, Modest Men of Confined Ideas': The Officer Corps of Provincial New Hampshire." Master's Thesis, University of New Hampshire, 1976.


Ferling, John E. A Wilderness of Miseries: War and Warriors in Early America. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1980.


Foote, William Alfred. "The American Independent Companies of the British Army 1664-1764." Ph.D. Dissertation, University of California at Los Angeles, 1966.


-----. "The South Carolina Independents." South Carolina Historical Magazine, 62 (October 1961), pp. 195-199.


Foret, Michael Jones. "On the Marchlands of Empire: Trade, Diplomacy, and War on the Southeastern Frontier, 1733-1763." Ph.D. Dissertation, College of William and Mary, 1990.


[Foster, F. Apthorp, editor]. "A Provincial Muster Roll." New England Historical and Genealogical Register, 62 (October 1908), p. 381.


French, Allen. "The Arms and Military Training of Our Colonizing Ancestors." Proceedings of the Massachusetts Historical Society, 67 (1941-44), pp. 3-21.


Galvin, John R. The Minute Men: A Compact History of the Defenders of the American Colonies, 1645-1775. New York: Hawthorne, 1966.


Gates, Stewart Lewis. "Disorder and Social Organization: The Militia in Connecticut Public Life, 1660-1860." Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Connecticut, 1975.


Gildrie, Richard P. "Defiance, Diversion, and the Exercise of Arms: The Several Meanings of Colonial Training Days in Colonial Massachusetts." Military Affairs, 52 (April 1988), pp. 53-95.


Gipson, Lawrence Henry. The British Empire Before the American Revolution. 15 vols. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1936-1970.


Gobbel, Luther Lafayette. "Militia in North Carolina in Colonial and Revolutionary Times." Trinity College Historical Society Historical Papers, 13 (1919), pp. 35-61.


Green, Gretchen Lynn. "A New People in an Age of War: The Kahnawake Iroquois, 1667-1760." Ph.D. Dissertation, College of William and Mary, 1991.


Griffith, Lucille. "South Carolina and Fort Alibama, 1714-1763." Alabama Review, 12 (October 1959), pp. 258-271.


Haan, Richard L. "The Covenant Chain: Iroquois Diplomacy on the Niagara Frontier, 1697-1730." Ph.D. Dissertation, University of California at Santa Barbara, 1976.


Haarmmann, Albert W., and Eric I. Manders. "Pennsylvania Associators 1747-1748." Military Collector and Historian, 33 (Fall 1981), pp. 100-102.


Hadlock, Wendell Stanwood. "War Among the Northeastern Woodland Indians." American Anthropologist, 49 (April-June 1947), pp. 204-221.


Haggerty, J. J. "The Influence of British Naval Power Upon the American Colonies, 1484-1763." Army Quarterly, 87 (January 1964), pp. 201-220.


Hamilton, Edward P. The French and Indian Wars; The Story of Battles and Forts in the Wilderness. Garden City: Doubleday, 1962.


-----. "Colonial Warfare in North America." Proceedings of the Massachusetts Historical Society, 80 (1968), pp. 3-15.


Hammelef, John Christian. "British and American Attempts to Coordinate the Defenses of the Continental Colonies to Meet French and Northern Indian Attacks, 1643-1754." Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Michigan, 1955.


Hammond, Isaac W., editor. "Garrison of the West Regiment of Middlesex, 1692." New England Historical and Genealogical Register, 43 (October 1889), pp. 370-375.


Hanna, Archibald. "New England Military Institutions 1693-1750." Ph.D. Dissertation, Yale University, 1950.


Harrold, Frances. "Colonial Siblings: Georgia's Relationship with South Carolina during the Pre-Revolutionary Period." Georgia Historical Quarterly, 73 (Winter 1989), pp. 707-744.


Hasenstab, Robert John. "Agriculture, Warfare and Tribalization in the Iroquois Homeland of New York: A G.I.S. Analysis of Late Woodland Settlement." Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Massachusetts, 1990.


Hatley, Marvin T. "The Dividing Path: The Encounters of the Cherokees and the South Carolinians in the Southern Mountains, 1670-1785." Ph.D. Dissertation, Duke University, 1989.


Heard, Joseph Norman. "The Assimilation of Captives on the American Frontier inn the Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries." Ph.D. Dissertation, Louisiana State University, 1977.


Higginbotham, Don. "The Military Institutions of Colonial America: The Rhetoric and The Reality." In John A. Lynn, editor, Tools of War: Instruments, Ideas, and Institutions of Warfare, 1445-1871 (Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1990), pp. 131-153.


Hitsman, J. Mackay, and C. C. J. Bond. "Louisbourg: A Foredoomed Fortress." Canadian Army Journal, 10 (April 1956), pp. 78-87.


Holt, Homer B. "Mexican-Aztec Warfare: A Developmental and Cultural Analysis." Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Texas at Austin, 1979.


[Honeyman, A. Van Doren, editor]. "Col. Thomas Farmar's New Jersey Regiment of 1715." Proceedings of the New Jersey Historical Society, New Ser., 13 (April 1928), pp. 200-208.


[-----, editor]. "Four Early New Jersey Muster Rolls of 1715." Proceedings of the New Jersey Historical Society, New Ser., 13 (July 1928), pp. 319-324.


Horowitz, David. The First Frontier: The Indian Wars and America's Origins, 1607-1776. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1978.


Hunt, George T. The Wars of the Iroquois: A Study in Intertribal Relations. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1940.


Hunter, William A. Forts on the Pennsylvania Frontier, 1753-1758. Harrisburg: Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission, 1960.


Huston, John Wilson. "Fort Pitt, 1758-1772." Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Pittsburgh, 1957.


Ivers, Larry E. Colonial Forts of South Carolina, 1670-1775. Columbia: South Carolina Tricentennial Commission, 1970.


-----. "Scouting the Inland Passage, 1685-1737." South Carolina Historical Magazine, 73 (July 1972), pp. 117-129.


Jabbs, Theodore Harry. "The South Carolina Militia. 1663-1733." Ph.D. Dissertation, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 1973.


Jacobs, Wilbur R. "Presents to Indians Along the French Frontiers in the Old Northwest, 1748-1763." Indiana Magazine of History, 44 (September 1948), pp. 245-256.


Jennings, Francis. The Invasion of America: Indians, Colonialism, and the Cant of Conquest. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1975.


-----. The Ambiguous Iroquois Empire: The Covenant Chain Confederation of 'the Indian Tribes with English Colonies from its Beginnings to the Lancaster Treaty of 1744. New York: W. W. Norton, 1984.


Johnson, Richard R. "The Imperial Webb: The Thesis of Garrison Government in Early America Considered." William and Mary Quarterly, 3d Ser., 43 (July 1986), pp. 407-430.


Jones, George Fenwick. "The 'Dutch' Participation in Georgia's Colonial Wars." Georgia Historical Quarterly, 75 (Winter 1991), pp. 771-783.


Jones, Tom, and Fitzhugh McMaster. "South Carolina Armed Forces, 1670." Military Collector and Historian, 37 (Spring 1985), p. 38.


Kay, Marvin L. Michael, and William S. Price, Jr. "'To Ride the Wood Mare': Road Building and Militia Service in Colonial North Carolina, 1740-1775." North Carolina Historical Review, 57 (October 1980), pp. 361-409.


Kenny, Robert W. "The Beginnings of the Rhode Island Train Bands." Rhode Island Historical Society Collections, 33 (April 1940), pp. 25-38.


Kidder, Frederick, editor. "The Second Foot Company of Newbury, Mass." New England Historical and Genealogical Register, 30 (October 1876), p. 434.


Landis, D. H. "The Location of Susquehannock Fort." Lancaster County Historical Society Papers, 14 (March 1910), pp. 18-117.


Larrabee, Edward Conyers McMillan. "New Jersey and the Fortified Frontier System of the 1750's." Ph.D. Dissertation, Columbia University, 1970.


Leach, Douglas Edward. The Northern Colonial Frontier, 1607-1763. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1966.


-----. Arms For Empire: A Military History of the British Colonies in North America, 1607-1763. New York: Macmillan Co., 1973.


-----. Roots of Conflict: British Armed Forces and Colonial Americans, 1677-1763. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1986.


-----. "The Military System of Plymouth Colony." New England Quarterly, 24 (September 1951), pp. 342-364.


Lee, E. Lawrence. Indian Wars in North Carolina, 1663-1763. Raleigh: North Carolina Charter Tercentenary Commission, 1963.


Lowe, James Trapier. Our Colonial Heritage: Diplomatic and Military. Lanham, Md.: University Press of America, 1987.


McBarron, H. Charles, Jr., and John R. Elting. "Captain Hezekiah Dunn's Company of Rangers: The New Jersey Rangers Frontier Guard, 1756-1760." Military Collector and Historian, 14 (Fall 1962), p. 87.


McCleskey, Nathaniel Turk. "Across the First Divide: Frontiers of Settlement and Culture in Augusta County, Virginia, 1738-1770." Ph.D. Dissertation, College of William and Mary, 1990.


McCorison, Marcus A. "Colonial Defense of the Upper Connecticut Valley." Vermont History, New Ser., 30 (January 1962), pp. 50-62.


MacFarlane, R. O. "British Indian Policy in Nova Scotia to 1760." Canadian Historical Review, 19 (June 1938), pp. 154-167.


McMaster, Fitzhugh. "The Colours of the Pennsylvania Associators, 1747-1748." Military Collector and Historian, 34 (Winter 1982), pp. 184-185.


McNeill, John R. "Theory and Practice in the Burbon Empires of the Atlantic: The Roles of Louisbourg and Havana, 1713-1763." Ph.D. Dissertation, Duke University, 1981.


Madsen, Deborah L. "The Sword or the Scroll: The Power of Rhetoric in Colonial New England." American Studies, 33 (Spring 1992), pp. 45-62.


Mahon, John K. "Anglo-American Methods of Indian Warfare, 1676-1794." Mississippi Valley Historical Review, 45 (September 1958), pp. 254-275.


Malone, Patrick Mitchell. "Indian and English Military Systems in New England in the Seventeenth Century." Ph.D. Dissertation, Brown University, 1971.


-----. "Changing Military Technology Among the Indians of Southern New England, 1600-1677." American Quarterly, 25 (March 1973), pp. 48-63.


Manakee, Harold. Indians of Early Maryland. Baltimore: Maryland Historical Society, 1959.


Mancall, Peter C. Valley of Opportunity: Economic Culture along the Upper Susquehanna, 1700-1800. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1991.


Manders, Eric I., and George A. Snook. "Swedish Soldiers, Fort Christina (New Sweden), 1643." Military Collector and Historian, 33 (Fall 1981), p. 121.


Marcus, Richard Henry. "The Militia of Colonial Connecticut 1639-1775: An Institutional Study." Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Colorado, 1965.


-----. "The Connecticut Valley: A Problem in Intercolonial Defense." Military Affairs, 33 (April 1969), pp. 230-242.


-----. "The Selection of the Militia Officers of Colonial Connecticut: Democracy or Deference?" Locus, 2 (Spring 1990), pp. 159-172.


Mead, Spencer. "The Colonial Military." Journal of American History, 1 (January 1907), pp. 120-128.


Melvoin, Richard I. "New England Outpost: War and Society in Colonial Frontier Deerfield, Massachusetts." Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Michigan, 1983.


Meriwether, Robert L. The Expansion of South Carolina, 1729-1765. Kingsport, Tenn.: Southern Publishers, 1940.


Merrell, James H. The Indians' New World: Catawbas and Their Neighbors from European Contact through the Era of Removal. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1989.


-----. "Natives in a New World: The Catawba Indians of Carolina, 1650-1800." Ph.D. Dissertation, Johns Hopkins University, 1982.


Millar, David Richard. "The Militia, The Army, and Independency in Colonial Massachusetts." Ph.D. Dissertation, Cornell University, 1967.


Mook, H. Telfair. "Training Day in New England." New England Quarterly, 11 (December 1938), pp. 675-697.


Morton, Louis. "The Origins of American Military Policy." Military Affairs, 22 (Summer 1958), pp. 75-82.


Mulkearn, Louis. "The English Eye on the French in North America." Pennsylvania History, 21 (October 1954), pp. 316-337.


Mullin, Michael J. "Sir William Johnson, Indian Relatives, and British Policy, 1744 to 1774." Ph.D. Dissertation, University of California Santa Barbara, 1989.


Mustard, Harry S. "On the Building of Fort Johnson." South Carolina Historical Magazine, 64 (July 1963), pp. 129-135.


O'Neill, Emmett Francis. "English Fear of French Encirclement in North America, 1680-1763." Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Michigan, 1941.


Owen, David R., and Michael C. Tolley. "Guide to the Commissions of Maryland's Colonial Governors." Maryland Historical Magazine, 86 (Winter 1991), pp. 436-442.


Pares, Richard. "American Versus Continental Warfare, 1739-1763." English Historical Review, 51 (July 1936), pp. 429-465.


Pargellis, Stanley. "The Four Independent Companies of New York." In Stanley Pargellis, editor, Essays in Colonial History Presented to Charles McLean Andrews by His Students (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1931), pp. 96-123.


Parker, R. Wayne. "New Jersey in the Colonial Wars." Proceedings of the New Jersey Historical Society, New Ser., 6 (October 1921), pp. 193-217.


Peckham, Howard H. The Colonial Wars, 1689-1762. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1964.


-----. "Speculations on the Colonial Wars." William and Mary Quarterly, 3d Ser., 17 (October 1960), pp. 463-472.


Peterson, Harold L. "The Military Equipment of the Plymouth and Bay Colonies: 1620-1690." New England Quarterly, 20 (June 1947), pp. 197-208.


Piers, Harry. The Evolution of the Halifax Fortress, 1749-1928. Halifax: Public Archives of Nova Scotia, 1941. (Revised edition, 1947).


Pound, Arthur. "Johnson of the Mohawks: A British Pro-Consul in America." Year Book of the Dutchess County Historical Society, 27 (1942), pp. 47-50.


Preble, George Henry. "The Garrison Houses of York, Maine." New England Historical and Genealogical Register, 28 (July 1874), pp. 268-272.


Puniello, Anthony John. "The Reconstruction and Interpretation of Late Woodland Occupations of the Upper Delaware Valley of New Jersey and Pennsylvania." Ph.D. Dissertation, New York University, 1991.


Purdy, Barbara A. "Weapons, Strategies, and Tactics of the Europeans and Indians in Sixteenth- and Seventeenth-Century Florida." Florida Historical Quarterly, 55 (January 1977), pp. 259-276.


Quarles, Benjamin. "The Colonial Militia and Negro Manpower." Mississippi Valley Historical Review, 45 (March 1959), pp. 634-652.


Radabaugh, Jack Sheldon. "The Military System of Colonial Massachusetts, 1690-1740." Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Southern California, 1965.


-----. "The Militia as a Social Outlet in Colonial Massachusetts." Social Studies, 49 (March 1958), pp. 106-109.


-----. "The Militia of Colonial Massachusetts." Military Affairs, 28 (Spring 1958), pp. 1-18.


-----. "The History of the Massachusetts Militia 1628-1691." Master's Thesis, University of Washington, 1954.


Reynolds, Sheldon. The Frontier Forts Within the Wyoming Valley. [A Report of the State Commission Appointed to Mark the Forts Erected Against the Indians Prior to 1783]. Wilkes-Barre: Reprinted from the State Report by the Wyoming Historical and Genealogical Society, 1916.


Richter, Daniel K. "War and Culture: The Iroquois Experience." William and Mary Quarterly, 3d Ser., 40 (October 1983), pp. 528-559.


Russell, Peter E. "Redcoats in the Wilderness: British Officers and Irregular Warfare in Europe and America, 1740 to 1760." William and Mary Quarterly, 3d Ser., 35 (October 1978), pp. 629-652.


Rutman, Darrett B. "A Militant New World, 1607-1640: America's First Generation, Its Martial Spirit, Its Tradition of Arms, Its Militia Organization, Its Wars." Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Virginia, 1959.


-----. "The Virginia Company and Its Military Regime." In Darrett B. Rutman, editor, The Old Dominion: Essays for Thomas Perkins Abernathy (Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1964), pp. 1-20.


Salisbury, Neal. Manitou and Providence: Indians, Europeans, and the Making of New England, 1500-1643. New York: Oxford University Press, 1982.


Scheele, Raymond. "Warfare of the Iroquois and their Northern Neighbors." Ph.D. Dissertation, Columbia University, 1950.


Scisco, Louis Dow. "Evolution of Colonial Militia in Maryland." Maryland Historical Magazine, 35 (June 1940), pp. 166-177.


Secoy, Frank Raymond. "A Functional-Historical View of Plains Indian Warfare: The Process of Change from the 17th to the Early 19th Century." Ph.D. Dissertation, Columbia University, 1951.


Selesky, Harold Edward. War and Society in Colonial Connecticut. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1990.


-----. "Military Leadership in American Colonial Society: Connecticut, 1635-1785." Ph.D. Dissertation, Yale University, 1984.


Sharp, Morrison. "The New England Trainbands in the Seventeenth Century." Ph.D. Dissertation, Harvard University, 1938.


-----. "Leadership and Democracy in the Early New England System of Defense." American Historical Review, 50 (January 1945), pp. 244-260.


Shea, William Lee. The Virginia Militia in the Seventeenth Century. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1983.


-----. "To Defend Virginia: The Evolution of the First Colonial Militia, 1607-1677." Ph.D. Dissertation, Rice University, 1975.


-----. "The First American Militia." Military Affairs, 46 (February 1982), pp. 15-18.


Shy, John W. "A New Look at Colonial Militia." William and Mary Quarterly, 20 (April 1963), pp. 175-185.


Smoyer, Stanley C. "Indians as Allies in the Intercolonial Wars." New York History, 17 (October 1936), pp. 411-422.


Snyderman, George S. "Behind a Tree of Peace: A Sociological Analysis of Iroquois Warfare." Pennsylvania Archaeologist, 18 (1948), pp. 2-93.


Sylvester, Herbert Milton. Indian Wars of New England. 3 vols. Boston: W. B. Clarke Co., 1910.


Tillson, Albert H., Jr. "The Militia and Popular Political Culture in the Upper Valley of Virginia, 1740-1775." Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, 94 (July 1986), pp. 285-306.


Tracy, Patricia J. "Re-Considering Migration within Colonial New England." Journal of Social History, 23 (Fall 1989), pp. 93-113.


Trigger, Bruce G. "The Mohawk-Mahican War (1624-28): Establishment of a Pattern." Canadian Historical Review, 52 (September 1971), pp. 276-286.


Upton, L. F. S. Micmacs and Colonists: Indian-White Relations in the Maritimes, 1713-1867. Vancouver: University of British Columbia Press, 1979.


Vaughan, Alden T. "From White Man to Redskin: Changing Anglo-American Perceptions of the American Indian." American Historical Review, 87 (October 1982), pp. 917-953.


-----, and Daniel K. Richter. "Crossing the Cultural Divide: Indians and New Englanders, 1605-1763." Proceedings of the American Antiquarian Society, 90 (April 1980), pp. 23-99.


Vigman, Fred K. "A 1745 Plan For ... A National Militia in Great Britain and ... America." Military Affairs, 9 (Winter 1945), pp. 355-360.


Villaflor, Georgia C., and Kenneth L. Sokoloff. "Migration in Colonial America: Evidence from the Militia Muster Rolls." Social Science History, 6 (Fall 1982), pp. 539-570.


Vollmer, Arthur, compiler. Military Obligation: The American Tradition. A Compilation of the Enactments of Compulsion From the Earliest Settlements of the Original Thirteen Colonies in 1607 Through the Articles of Confederation 1789. 14 vols. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1947.


Webb, Stephen Saunders. The Governors-General: The English Army and the Definition of the Empire, 1569-1681. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1979.


-----. 1676: The End of American Independence. New York: Knopf, 1984.


-----. "Officers and Governors: The Role of the British Army in Imperial Politics and Administration of the American Colonies, 1689-1722." Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Wisconsin, 1965.


-----. "Army and Empire: English Garrison Government in Britain and America, 1596 to 1763." William and Mary Quarterly, 3d Ser., 34 (January 1977), pp. 1-31.


-----. "The Data and Theory of Restoration Empire." William and Mary Quarterly, 3d Ser., 43 (July 1986), pp. 431-459.


Weir, Robert M., editor. "Muster Rolls of the South Carolina Granville and Colleton County Regiments of Militia, 1756." South Carolina Historical Magazine, 70 (October 1969), pp. 226-239.


Werner, Frederick Bernays. "The Militia Clause and the Constitution." Harvard Law Review, 54 (December 1940), pp. 181-220.


Wheeler, E. Milton. "Development and Organization of the North Carolina Militia." North Carolina Historical Review, 61 (Summer 1964), pp. 307-323.


Williams, David A. Political Alignments in Colonial Virginia Politics, 1698-1750. New York: Garland, 1989.


Williams, W. P., compiler. "British-American Officers, 1720-1763." South Carolina Historical and Genealogical Magazine, 33 (July, October 1932), pp. 183-196, 290-296.


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