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U.S. Army Center of Military History
Summer 2013 Issue of Army History Magazine

In this Issue:

Nothing but the Spirit of Heroism
Andrew A. Humphreys at Chancellorsville and Gettysburg
By Matthew T. Pearcy

Toward an American Army
U.S. Soldiers, the War of 1812, and National Identity
By Ricardo A. Herrera

U.S. Army Art Spotlight
"I Was Shelled, Mortared, and Strafed"
The Legacy of Edward Reep, World War II Combat Artist

Army History Magazine
Spring 2013 Issue

CMH: June 13, 2013

The Summer 2013 issue of Army History presents two articles dealing with the conflicts currently being commemorated by our nation. The first article, by Matthew T. Pearcy, a historian with the Office of History of Headquarters, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, presents a continuation of the story he began with his article that appeared in the Summer 2010 (no. 76) issue. The author's in-depth examination of the role played by Andrew A. Humphreys at the battles of Antietam and Fredericksburg is continued in this new article with the focus shifting to Chancellorsville and Gettysburg. Pearcy's detailed picture of Humphreys allows readers a glimpse into the life of one of the Union Army's more competent generals and highlights the fact that not all fighting took place on the battlefield.

Next we feature a piece by Ricardo A. Herrera, an associate professor of military history at the School of Advanced Military Studies, U.S. Army Command and General Staff College. Herrera, in the spirit of Russell Weigley, reminds readers that the War of 1812 was a transformative time for both the Army and the young nation. This Early National period saw a citizenry grappling with its national identity—a struggle between perceived civic and military duty and republican political ideology—and a mistrust of standing armies. As we celebrate the bicentennial of the War of 1812 it is prudent to examine how the Army's roles, responsibilities, and relationships to the citizens it defends have changed in the last 200 years.

The Army Art Spotlight in this issue carries a somber tone. One of the last surviving combat artists from World War II, Edward Reep, passed away this past February. An accomplished artist, Reep captured on canvas war's violence, as well as its absurd humor, in a way few artists could.

In the Chief's Corner, the chief of military history highlights the Center of Military History's many ongoing commemorative efforts. Besides participating in and supporting a number of events across the country, the Center is also making steady progress with the publication of a number of brochures intended to commemorate the anniversaries of the War of 1812, the Civil War, World War I, and the Vietnam War. The chief historian, in his Footnote, continues the conversation concerning Career Program 61 and discusses a number of discipline-specific "historian competencies."

Army History continues to strive for excellence in the field of military history scholarship, and I, as always, invite readers to send us their submissions and comments.

- Managing Editor



Images from this edition's feature:
"Nothing but the Spirit of Heroism - Andrew A. Humphreys at Chancellorsville and Gettysburg"

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Battle of Gettysburg, by Thure de Thulstrup, 1887

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Left to right: Lieutenant Christiancy, Lieutenant Humphreys, General Humphreys, Captain McClellan, Captain Cavada

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Portrait of General Meade and corps commanders in vicinity of Washington, D.C., June 1865. From left to right: Maj. Gens. Horatio G. Wright, John A. Logan, Meade, John G. Parke, and Humphreys.

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Temporary entrenchments thrown up by Federal troops on Little Round Top

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A period sketch showing General Warren at the signal station on Little Round Top

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Dead Confederate soldier in the "Devil's Den" area of the Gettysburg battlefield

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The Second United States Cavalry at Beverly Ford, drawing by Charles Stanley Reinhart

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Chancellor House, Chancellorsville, Virginia, c. 1865