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Medal of Honor Recipients

Listed alphabetically:


Note: An asterisk in the citation indicates
that the award was given posthumously.

SACRISTE, LOUIS J.

  • Rank and organization: First Lieutenant, Company D, 116th Pennsylvania Infantry
  • Place and date: At Chancellorsville, Va., 3 May 1863. At Auburn, Va., 14 October 1863
  • Entered service at: Philadelphia, Pa.
  • Date of issue: 3I January 1889

Citation: Saved from capture a gun of the 5th Maine Battery. Voluntarily carried orders which resulted in saving from destruction or capture the picket line of the 1st Division, 2d Army Corps.

SAGELHURST, JOHN C.

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company B, 1st New Jersey Cavalry
  • Place and date: At Hatchers Run, Va., 6 February 1865
  • Entered service at: Buffalo, N.Y.
  • Date of issue: 3 January 1906

Citation: Under a heavy fire from the enemy carried off the field a commissioned officer who was severely wounded and also led a charge on the enemy's rifle pits.

SANCRAINTE, CHARLES F.

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company B, 15th Michigan Infantry
  • Place and date: At Atlanta, Ga., 22 July 1864
  • Entered service at: Monroe, Mich.
  • Date of issue: 25 July 1892

Citation: Voluntarily scaled the enemy's breastworks and signaled to his commanding officer in charge; also in single combat captured the colors of the 5th Texas Regiment (C.S.A.).

SANDERSON, AARON

  • Rank and organization: Landsman, U.S. Navy
  • Entered service at: Philadelphia, Pa.
  • G.O. No.: 59, 22 June 1865

Citation: Served on board the U.S.S. Wyandank during a boat expedition up Mattox Creek, 17 March 1865. Participating with a boat crew in the clearing of Mattox Creek, L/man Anderson carried out his duties courageously in the face of a devastating fire which cut away half the oars, pierced the launch in many places and cut the barrel off a musket being fired at the enemy.

SANDS, WILLIAM

  • Rank and organization: First Sergeant, Company G, 88th Pennsylvania Infantry
  • Place and date: At Dabney's Mills, Va., 6-7 February 1865
  • Entered service at: Reading, Pa.
  • Date of issue: 9 November 1893

Citation: Grasped the enemy's colors in the face of a deadly fire and brought them inside the lines.

SANFORD, JACOB

  • Rank and organization: Private, 55th Illinois Infantry
  • Place and date: At Vicksburg, Miss., 22 May 1863
  • Entered service at: Prairie City, Ill.
  • Date of issue: 2 September 1893

Citation: Gallantry in the charge of the "volunteer storming party."

SARGENT, JACKSON

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company D, 5th Vermont Infantry
  • Place and date: At Petersburg, Va., 2 April 1865
  • Entered service at: Stowe, Vt.
  • Date of issue: 28 October 1891

Citation: First to scale the enemy's works and plant the colors thereon.

SARTWELL, HENRY

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company D, 123d New York Infantry
  • Place and date: At Chancellorsville, Va., 3 May 1863
  • Entered service at: Ft. Ann, N.Y.
  • Date of issue: 17 November 1896

Citation: Was severely wounded by a gunshot in his left arm, went half a mile to the rear but insisted on returning to his company and continue to fight bravely until he became exhausted from the loss of blood and was compelled to retire from the field.

SAUNDERS, JAMES

  • Rank and organization: Quartermaster, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: Massachusetts
  • G.O. No.: 59, 22 June 1865

Citation: Served as quartermaster on board the U.S.S. Kearsarge when she destroyed the Alabama off Cherbourg, France, 19 June 1864. Carrying out his duties courageously throughout the bitter engagement, Saunders was prompt in reporting damages done to both ships, and it is testified to by Commodore Winslow that he is deserving of all commendation, both for gallantry and for encouragement of others in his division.

*SAVACOOL, EDWIN F.

  • Rank and organization: Captain, Company K, 1st New York (Lincoln) Cavalry
  • Place and date: At Sailors Creek, Va., 6 April 1865
  • Entered service at: Marshall, Mich.
  • Date of issue: 24 April 1865

Citation: Capture of flag, during which he was wounded and died several days later in Washington, D.C.

SAVAGE, AUZELLA

  • Rank and organization: Ordinary Seaman, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: Massachusetts
  • G.O. No.: 59, 22 June 1865

Citation: On board the U.S.S. Santiago de Cuba in the assault on Fort Fisher, 15 January 1865. When the landing party to which he was attached charged on the fort with a cheer, and the determination to plant the colors on the ramparts, Savage remained steadfast when more than two-thirds of the marines and sailors fell back in panic during the fight. When enemy fire shot away the flagstaff above his hand, he bravely seized the remainder of the staff and brought his colors safely off.

SAXTON, RUFUS

  • Rank and organization: Brigadier General, U.S. Volunteers
  • Place and date: At Harpers Ferry, W. Va., 26 to 30 May 1862
  • Entered service at: Deerfield, Mass.
  • Date of issue: 25 April 1893

Citation: Distinguished gallantry and good conduct in the defense.

SCANLAN, PATRICK

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company A, 4th Massachusetts Cavalry
  • Place and date: At Ashepoo River, S.C., 24 May 1864
  • Entered service at: Spencer, Mass.
  • Date of issue: 21 January 1897

Citation: Volunteered as a member of a boat crew which went to the rescue of a large number of Union soldiers on board the stranded steamer Boston, and with great gallantry assisted in conveying them to shore, being exposed during the entire time to a heavy fire from a Confederate battery.

SCHEIBNER, MARTIN E.

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company G, 90th Pennsylvania Infantry
  • Place and date: At Mine Run, Va., 27 November 1863
  • Entered service at: Berks County, Pa.
  • Date of issue: 23 June 1896

Citation: Voluntarily extinguished the burning fuse of a shell which had been thrown into the lines of the regiment by the enemy.

SCHENCK, BENJAMIN W.

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company D, 116th Illinois Infantry
  • Place and date: At Vicksburg, Miss., 22 May 1863
  • Entered service at: Maroa, Ill.
  • Date of issue: 14 August 1894

Citation: Gallantry in the charge of the "volunteer storming party.

SCHILLER, JOHN

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company E, 158th New York Infantry
  • Place and date: At Chapins Farm, Va., 29 September 1864
  • Entered service at: New York, N.Y.
  • Date of issue: 6 April 1865

Citation: Advanced to the ditch of the enemy's works.

SCHLACHTER, PHILIPP

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company F, 73d New York Infantry
  • Place and date: At Spotsylvania, Va., 12 May 1864
  • Date of issue: 1 December 1864

Citation: Capture of flag of 15th Louisiana Infantry (C.S.A.).

SCHMAL, GEORGE W.

  • Rank and organization: Blacksmith, Company M, 24th New York Cavalry
  • Place and date: At Paines Crossroads, Va., 5 April 1865
  • Entered service at: Buffalo, N.Y.
  • Date of issue: 3 May 1865

Citation: Capture of flag.

SCHMAUCH, ANDREW

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company A, 30th Ohio Infantry
  • Place and date: At Vicksburg, Miss., 22 May 1863
  • Date of issue: 9 July 1894

Citation: Gallantry in the charge of the "volunteer storming party."

SCHMIDT, CONRAD

  • Rank and organization: First Sergeant, Company K, 2d U.S. Cavalry
  • Place and date: At Winchester, Va., 19 September 1864
  • Date of issue: 16 March 1896

Citation: Went to the assistance of his regimental commander, whose horse had been killed under him in a charge, mounted the officer behind him, under a heavy fire from the enemy, and returned him to his command.

SCHMIDT, WILLIAM

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company G, 37th Ohio Infantry
  • Place and date: At Missionary Ridge, Tenn., 25 November 1863
  • Entered service at: Maumee, Ohio
  • Date of issue: 9 November 1895

Citation: Rescued a wounded comrade under terrific fire.

SCHNEIDER, GEORGE

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company A, 3d Maryland Veteran Infantry
  • Place and date: At Petersburg, Va., 30 July 1864
  • Date of issue: 27 July 1896

Citation: After the color sergeant had been shot down, seized the colors and planted them on the enemy's works during the charge.

SCHNELL, CHRISTIAN

  • Rank and organization: Corporal, Company C, 37th Ohio Infantry
  • Place and date: At Vicksburg, Miss., 22 May 1863
  • Entered service at: Wapakoneta, Ohio
  • Date of issue: 10 July 1894

Citation: Gallantry in the charge of the "volunteer storming party."

SCHOFIELD, JOHN M.

  • Rank and organization: Major, 1st Missouri Infantry
  • Place and date: At Wilsons Creek, Mo., 10 August 1861
  • Entered service at: St. Louis, Mo.
  • Date of issue: 2 July 1892

Citation: Was conspicuously gallant in leading a regiment in a successful charge against the enemy.

SCHOONMAKER, JAMES M.

  • Rank and organization: Colonel, 14th Pennsylvania Cavalry
  • Place and date: At Winchester, Va., 19 September 1864
  • Entered service at: Maryland
  • Date of issue: 19 May 1899

Citation: At a critical period, gallantly led a cavalry charge against the left of the enemy's line of battle, drove the enemy out of his works, and captured many prisoners.

SCHORN, CHARLES

  • Rank and organization: Chief Bugler, Company M, 1st West Virginia Cavalry
  • Place and date: At Appomattox, Va., 8 April 1865
  • Entered service at: Mason City, W. Va.
  • Date of issue: 3 May 1865

Citation: Capture of flag of the Sumter Flying Artillery (C.S.A.).

SCHUBERT, MARTIN

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company E, 26th New York Infantry
  • Place and date: At Fredericksburg, Va., 13 December 1862
  • Date of issue: 1 September 1893

Citation: Relinquished a furlough granted for wounds, entered the battle, where he picked up the colors after several bearers had been killed or wounded, and carried them until himself again wounded.

SCHUTT, GEORGE

  • Rank and organization: Coxswain, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: New York
  • G.O. No.: 59, 22 June 1865

Citation: As coxswain on board the U.S.S. Hendrick Hudson, St. Marks, Fla., 5 and 6 March 1865. Serving with the army in charge of Navy howitzers during the attack on St. Marks and throughout the fierce engagement, Schutt made remarkable efforts in assisting transport of the gun, and his coolness and determination in courageously remaining by his gun while under the heavy fire of the enemy were a credit to the service to which he belonged.

SCHWAN, THEODORE

  • Rank and organization: First Lieutenant, 10th U.S. Infantry
  • Place and date: At Peebles Farm, Va., 1 October 1864
  • Entered service at: New York
  • Date of issue: 12 December 1898

Citation: At the imminent risk of his own life, while his regiment was falling back before a superior force of the enemy, he dragged a wounded and helpless officer to the rear, thus saving him from death or capture.

SCHWENK, MARTIN

  • RankOrg
  • PlaceDate
  • Entered
  • Other
  • Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company B, 6th U.S. Cavalry
  • Place and date: At Millerstown, Pa., July 1863
  • Date of issue: 23 April 1889

Citation: Bravery in an attempt to carry a communication through the enemy's lines; also rescued an officer from the hands of the enemy.

SCOFIELD, DAVID H.

  • Rank and organization: Quartermaster Sergeant, Company K. 5th N.Y., U.S. Cavalry
  • Place and date: At Cedar Creek, Va., 19 October 1864
  • Date of issue: 26 October 1864

Citation: Capture of flag of 13th Virginia Infantry (C.S.A.).

SCOTT, ALEXANDER

  • Rank and organization: Corporal, Company D, 10th Vermont Infantry
  • Place and date: At Monocacy, Md., 9 July 1864
  • Entered service at: Winooski, Vt.
  • Date of issue: 28 September 1897

Citation: Under a very heavy fire of the enemy saved the national flag of his regiment from capture.

SCOTT, JOHN M.

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company F, 21st Ohio Infantry
  • Place and date: Georgia, April 1862
  • Entered service at: Finley, Ohio
  • Date of issue: 4 August 1866

Citation: One of the 19 of 22 men (including 2 civilians) who, by direction of Gen. Mitchell (or Buell), penetrated nearly 200 miles south into enemy territory and captured a railroad train at Big Shanty, Ga., and attempted to destroy the bridges and track between Chattanooga and Atlanta.

SCOTT, JOHN WALLACE

  • Rank and organization: Captain, Company D, 157th Pennsylvania Infantry
  • Place and date: At Five Forks, Va., 1 April 1865
  • Date of issue: 27 April 1865

Citation: Capture of the flag of the 16th South Carolina Infantry, in hand-to-hand combat.

SCOTT, JULIAN A.

  • Rank and organization: Drummer, Company E, 3d Vermont Infantry
  • Place and date: At Lees Mills, Va., 16 April 1862
  • Entered service at. Johnson, Vt.
  • Date of issue: February 1865

Citation: Crossed the creek under a terrific fire of musketry several times to assist in bringing off the wounded.

SEAMAN, ELISHA B

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company A, 66th Ohio Infantry
  • Place and date: At Chancellorsville, Va. 2 May 1863
  • Entered service at: Logan County, Ohio
  • Date of issue: 24 June 1892

Citation: Was 1 of party of 4 who voluntarily brought into the Union lines, under fire, a wounded Confederate officer from whom was obtained valuable information concerning the enemy.

SEANOR, JAMES

  • Rank and organization: Master-at-Arms, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: New York
  • G.O. No 45, 31 December 1864

Citation: Served as master-at-arms on board the U.S. Ironclad Chickasaw, Mobile Bay, 5 August 1864. Although his enlistment was up, Seanor volunteered for the battle of Mobile Bay, going on board the Chickasaw from the Vincennes where he carried out his duties gallantly throughout the engagement which resulted in the capture of the rebel ram Tennessee.

SEARS, CYRUS

  • Rank and organization: First Lieutenant, 11th Battery, Ohio Light Artillery
  • Place and date: At Iuka, Miss., 19 September 1862
  • Entered service at: Bucyrus, Ohio
  • Date of issue: 31 December 1892

Citation: Although severely wounded, fought his battery until the cannoneers and horses were nearly all killed or wounded.

SEAVER, THOMAS O.

  • Rank and organization: Colonel, 3d Vermont Infantry
  • Place and date: At Spotsylvania Courthouse, Va., 10 May 1864
  • Entered service at: Pomfret, Vt.
  • Date of issue: 8 April 1892

Citation: At the head of 3 regiments and under a most galling fire attacked and occupied the enemy's works.

SEITZINGER, JAMES M.

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company G, 116th Pennsylvania Infantry
  • Place and date: At Cold Harbor, Va., 3 June 1864
  • Entered service at: Worcester, Pa.
  • Date of issue: 1 March 1906

Citation: When the color bearer was shot down, this soldier seized the colors and bore them gallantly in a charge against the enemy.

SELLERS, ALFRED J.

  • Rank and organization: Major, 90th Pennsylvania Infantry
  • Place and date: At Gettysburg, Pa., 1 July 1863
  • Entered service at: Pennsylvania
  • Date of issue: 21 July 1894

Citation: Voluntarily led the regiment under a withering fire to a position from which the enemy was repulsed.

*SESTON, CHARLES H.

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company I, 11th Indiana Infantry
  • Place and date: At Winchester, Va., 19 September 1864
  • Entered service at: New Albany, Ind.
  • Date of issue: 6 April 1865

Citation: Gallant and meritorious service in carrying the regimental colors.

SEWARD, GRIFFIN

  • Rank and organization: Wagoner, Company G, 8th U.S. Cavalry
  • Place and date: At Chiricahva Mountains, Ariz., 20 October 1863
  • Date of issue: 14 February 1870

Citation: Gallantry in action.

SEWARD, RICHARD E.

  • Rank and organization: Paymaster's Steward, U.S. Navy
  • Place and date: Ship Island Sound, La., 23 November 1863
  • Date of issue: 16 April 1864

Citation: Served as paymaster's steward on board the U.S.S. Commodore, November 1863. Carrying out his duties courageously, Seward "volunteered to go on the field amidst a heavy fire to recover the bodies of 2 soldiers which he brought off with the aid of others; a second instance of personal valor within a fortnight.'' Promoted to acting master's mate.

SEWELL, WILLIAM J.

  • Rank and organization: Colonel, 5th New Jersey Infantry
  • Place and date: At Chancellorsville, Va., 3 May 1863
  • Entered service at: Camden, N.J.
  • Date of issue: 25 March 1896

Citation: Assuming command of a brigade, he rallied around his colors a mass of men from other regiments and fought these troops with great brilliancy through several hours of desperate conflict, remaining in command though wounded and inspiring them by his presence and the gallantry of his personal example.

SHAFTER, WILLIAM R.

  • Rank and organization: First Lieutenant, Company I, 7th Michigan Infantry
  • Place and date: At Fair Oaks, Va., 31 May 1862
  • Entered service at: Galesburg, Mich.
  • Date of issue: 12 June 1895

Citation: Lt. Shafter was engaged in bridge construction and not being needed there returned with his men to engage the enemy participating in a charge across an open field that resulted in casualties to 18 of the 22 men. At the close of the battle his horse was shot from under him and he was severely flesh wounded. He remained on the field that day and stayed to fight the next day only by concealing his wounds. In order not to be sent home with the wounded he kept his wounds concealed for another 3 days until other wounded had left the area.

SHAHAN, EMISIRE

  • Rank and organization: Corporal, Company A, 1st West Virginia Cavalry
  • Place and date: At Sailors Creek, Va., 6 April 1865
  • Date of issue: 3 May 1865

Citation: Capture of flag of 76th Georgia Infantry (C.S.A.).

SHALER, ALEXANDER

  • Rank and organization: Colonel, 65th New York Infantry
  • Place and date: At Marye's Heights, Va., 3 May 1863
  • Entered service at: New York, N.Y.
  • Date of issue 25 November 1893

Citation: At a most critical moment, the head of the charging column being about to be crushed by the severe fire of the enemy's artillery and infantry, he pushed forward with a supporting column, pierced the enemy's works, and turned their flank.

SHAMBAUGH, CHARLES

  • Rank and organization: Corporal, Company D, 11th Pennsylvania Reserves
  • Place and date: At Charles City Crossroads, Va., 30 June 1862
  • Entered service at: Indiana County, Pa.
  • Date of issue: 17 July 1866

Citation: Capture of flag.

SHANES, JOHN

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company K, 14th West Virginia Infantry
  • Place and date: At Carters Farm, Va., 20 July 1864
  • Date of issue: 31 January 1896

Citation: Charged upon a Confederate fieldpiece in advance of his comrades and by his individual exertions silenced the piece.

SHAPLAND, JOHN

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company D, 104th Illinois Infantry
  • Place and date: At Elk River, Tenn., 2 July 1863
  • Entered service at: Ottawa, Ill.
  • Date of issue: 30 October 1897

Citation: Voluntarily joined a small party that, under a heavy fire, captured a stockade and saved the bridge.

SHARP, HENDRICK

  • Rank and organization: Seaman, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: New York
  • G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864

Citation: As captain of a 100-pounder rifle gun on topgallant forecastle on board the U.S.S. Richmond during action against rebel forts and gunboats and with the ram Tennessee in Mobile Bay, 5 August 1864. Despite damage to his ship and the loss of several men on board as enemy fire raked her decks, Sharp fought his gun with skill and courage throughout a furious 2-hour battle which resulted in the surrender of the rebel ram Tennessee and in the damaging and destruction of the batteries at Fort Morgan.

SHEA, JOSEPH H.

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company K, 92d New York Infantry
  • Place and date: At Chapins Farm, Va., 29 September 1864
  • Date of issue: March 1866

Citation: Gallantry in bringing wounded from the field under heavy fire.

SHELLENBERGER, JOHN S.

  • Rank and organization: Corporal, Company B, 85th Pennsylvania Infantry
  • Place and date: At Deep Run, Va., 16 August 1864
  • Entered service at: Perryopolis, Pa.
  • Date of issue: 6 April 1865

Citation: Capture of flag.

SHEPARD, IRWIN

  • Rank and organization: Corporal, Company E, 17th Michigan Infantry
  • Place and date: At Knoxville, Tenn. 20 November 1863
  • Entered service at: Chelsea, Mich.
  • Date of issue: 3 August 1897

Citation: Having voluntarily accompanied a small party to destroy buildings within the enemy's lines, whence sharpshooters had been firing, disregarded an order to retire, remained and completed the firing of the buildings, thus insuring their total destruction; this at the imminent risk of his life from the fire of the advancing enemy.

SHEPARD, LOUIS C.

  • Rank and organization: Ordinary Seaman, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: Ohio
  • G.O. No.: 59, 22 June 1865

Citation: Served as seaman on board the U.S.S. Wabash in the assault on Fort Fisher, 15 January 1865. Advancing gallantly through severe enemy fire while armed only with a revolver and cutlass which made it impossible to return the fire at that range, Shepard succeeded in reaching the angle of the fort and in going on, to be one of the few who entered the fort. When the rest of the body of men to his rear were forced to retreat under a devastating fire, he was forced to withdraw through lack of support and to seek the shelter of one of the mounds near the stockade from which point he succeeded in regaining the safety of his ship.

SHEPHERD, WILLIAM

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company A, 3d Indiana Cavalry
  • Place and date: At Sailors Creek, Va., 6 April 1865
  • Entered service at: Dillsboro, Ind.
  • Date of issue: 3 May 1865

Citation: Capture of flag.

SHERIDAN, JAMES

  • Rank and organization: Quartermaster, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: New York
  • G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864

Citation: Served as quartermaster on board the U.S.S. Oneida in the engagement at Mobile Bay 5 August 1864. Acting as captain of the after 11-inch gun, and wounded in several places, Sheridan remained at his gun until the firing had ceased and then took the place of the signal quartermaster who had been injured by a fall. Recommended for his gallantry and intelligence, Sheridan served courageously throughout this battle which resulted in the capture of the rebel ram Tennessee and the damaging of Fort Morgan.

SHERMAN, MARSHALL

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company C, 1st Minnesota Infantry
  • Place and date: At Gettysburg, Pa., 3 July 1863
  • Entered service at. St. Paul, Minn.
  • Date of issue: 1 December 1864

Citation: Capture of flag of 28th Virginia Infantry (C.S.A.).

SHIEL (SHIELDS), JOHN

  • Rank and organization: Corporal, Company E, 90th Pennsylvania Infantry
  • Place and date: At Fredericksburg, Va., 13 December 1862
  • Entered service at: Cressonville, Pa.
  • Date of issue: 21 January 1897

Citation: Carried a dangerously wounded comrade into the Union lines, thereby preventing his capture by the enemy.

SHIELDS, BERNARD

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company E, 2d West Virginia Cavalry
  • Place and date: At Appomattox, Va., 8 April 1865
  • Entered service at: Ironton, Ohio
  • Date of issue: 3 May 1865

Citation: Capture of flag of the Washington Artillery (C.S.A.).

SHILLING, JOHN

  • Rank and organization: First Sergeant, Company H, 3d Delaware Infantry
  • Place and date: At Weldon Railroad, Va., 21 August 1864
  • Entered service at: Felton, Del.
  • Date of issue: 6 September 1864

Citation: Capture of flag.

SHIPLEY, ROBERT F.

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company A, 140th New York Infantry
  • Place and date: At Five Forks, Va., 1 April 1865
  • Date of issue: 10 May 1865

Citation: Captured the flag of the 9th Virginia Infantry (C.S.A.) in hand-to-hand combat.

SHIPMAN, WILLIAM

  • Rank and organization: Coxswain, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: New York
  • G.O. No.: 59, 22 June 1865

Citation: On board the U.S.S. Ticonderoga in the attack upon Fort Fisher on 15 January 1865. As captain of No. 2 gun, stationed near the 100-pounder Parrott rifle when it burst into fragments, killing 8 men and wounding 12 more, Shipman promptly recognized the effect produced by the explosion and, despite the carnage surrounding them, and the enemy's fire, encouraged the men at their guns by exclaiming "Go ahead, boys! This is only the fortunes of war!"

SHIVERS, JOHN

  • Rank and organization: Private, U.S. Marine Corps
  • Accredited to: New Jersey
  • G.O. No.. 59, 22 June 1865

Citation: On board the U.S.S. Minnesota, in the assault on Fort Fisher, 15 January 1865. Landing on the beach with the assaulting party from his ship, Pvt. Shivers advanced to the top of the sandhill and partly through the breach in the palisades despite enemy fire which killed or wounded many officers and men. When more than two-thirds of the men became seized with panic and retreated on the run, he remained with the party until dark when it came safely away, bringing its wounded, its arms and its colors.

SHOEMAKER, LEVI

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company A, 1st West Virginia Cavalry
  • Place and date: At Nineveh, Va., 12 November 1864
  • Date of issue: 26 November 1864

Citation: Capture of flag of 22d Virginia Cavalry (C.S.A.).

SHOPP, GEORGE J.

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company E, 191st Pennsylvania Infantry
  • Place and date: At Five Forks, Va., 1 April 1865
  • Entered service at: Reading, Pa.
  • Date of issue: 27 April 1865

Citation: Capture of flag.

SHUBERT, FRANK

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company E, 43d New York Infantry
  • Place and date: At Petersburg, Va., 2 April 1865
  • Date of issue: 10 May 1865

Citation: Capture of two markers.

SHUTES, HENRY

  • Rank and organization: Captain of the Forecastle, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: Maryland
  • G.O. No.: 71, 15 January 1866

Citation: Served as captain of the forecastle on board the U.S.S. Wissahickon during the battle of New Orleans, 24 and 25 April 1862; and in the engagement at Fort McAllister, 27 February 1863. Going on board the U.S.S. Wissahickon from the U.S.S. Don where his seamanlike qualities as gunner's mate were outstanding, Shutes performed his duties with skill and courage. Showing a presence of mind and prompt action when a shot from Fort McAllister penetrated the Wissahickon below the water line and entered the powder magazine, Shutes contributed materially to the preservation of the powder and safety of the ship.

SICKLES, DANIEL E.

  • Rank and organization: Major General, U.S. Volunteers
  • Place and date: At Gettysburg, Pa., 2 July 1863
  • Entered service at: New York, N.Y.
  • Date of issue: 30 October 1897

Citation: Displayed most conspicuous gallantry on the field vigorously contesting the advance of the enemy and continuing to encourage his troops after being himself severely wounded.

SICKLES, WILLIAM H.

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company B, 7th Wisconsin Infantry
  • Place and date: At Gravelly Run, Va., 31 March 1865
  • Entered service at: Columbia County, Wis.
  • Date of issue: Unknown

Citation: With a comrade, attempted capture of a stand of Confederate colors and detachment of 9 Confederates, actually taking prisoner 3 members of the detachment, dispersing the remainder, and recapturing a Union officer who was a prisoner in hands of the detachment.

SIDMAN, GEORGE E.

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company C, 16th Michigan Infantry
  • Place and date: At Gaines Mill, Va., 27 June 1862
  • Entered service at: Owosso, Mich.
  • Date of issue: 6 April 1892

Citation: Distinguished bravery in battle. Rallied his comrades to charge vastly superior force until wounded in the hip. He was a 16-year-old drummer.

SIMKINS, LEBBEUS

  • Rank and organization: Coxswain, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: New York
  • G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864

Citation: On board the U.S.S. Richmond during action against rebel forts and gunboats and with the ram Tennessee in Mobile Bay, 5 August 1864. Despite damage to his ship and the loss of several men on board as enemy fire raked her decks, Simkins performed his duties with skill and courage throughout a furious 2-hour battle which resulted in the surrender of the rebel ram Tennessee and in the damaging and destruction of batteries at Fort Morgan.

SIMMONS, JOHN

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company D, 2d New York Heavy Artillery
  • Place and date: At Sailors Creek, Va., 6 April 1865
  • Entered service at: Liberty, N.Y.
  • Date of issue: 24 April 1865

Citation: Capture of flag.

SIMMONS, WILLIAM T.

  • Rank and organization: Lieutenant, Company C, 11th Missouri Infantry
  • Place and date: At Nashville, Tenn., 16 December 1864
  • Date of issue: 24 February 1865

Citation: Capture of flag of 34th Alabama Infantry (C.S.A ). Being the first to enter the works, he shot and wounded the enemy color bearer.

SIMONDS, WILLIAM EDGAR

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant Major, 25th Connecticut Infantry
  • Place and date: At Irish Bend, La., 14 April 1863
  • Entered service at: Canton, Conn.
  • Date of issue: 25 February 1899

Citation: Displayed great gallantry, under a heavy fire from the enemy, in calling in the skirmishers and assisting in forming the line of battle.

SIMONS, CHARLES J.

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company A, 9th New Hampshire Infantry
  • Place and date: At Petersburg, Va., 30 July 1864
  • Entered service at: Exeter, N.H.
  • Date of issue: 27 July 1896

Citation: Was one of the first in the exploded mine, captured a number of prisoners. and was himself captured, but escaped.

SIVEL, HENRY

See William H. Mathews (true name).

SKELLIE, EBENEZER

  • Rank and organization: Corporal, Company D, 112th New York Infantry
  • Place and date: At Chapins Farm, Va., 29 September 1864
  • Entered service at: Mina, N.Y.
  • Date of issue: 6 April 1865

Citation: Took the colors of his regiment, the color bearer having fallen, and carried them through the first charge; also, in the second charge, after all the color guards had been killed or wounded he carried the colors up to the enemy's works, where he fell wounded.

SLADEN, JOSEPH A.

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company A, 33d Massachusetts Infantry
  • Place and date: At Resaca, Ga., 14 May 1864
  • Entered service at: Lowell, Mass.
  • Date of issue: 19 July 1895

Citation: While detailed as clerk at headquarters, voluntarily engaged in action at a critical moment and personal example inspired the troops to repel the enemy.

SLAGLE, OSCAR

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company D, 104th Illinois Infantry
  • Place and date: At Elk River, Tenn., 2 July 1863
  • Entered service at: Manlius, Ill.
  • Date of issue: 30 October 1897

Citation: Voluntarily joined a small party that, under a heavy fire, captured a stockade and saved the bridge.

SLAVENS, SAMUEL

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company E, 33d Ohio Infantry
  • Place and date: Georgia, April 1862
  • Entered service at: Wakefield, Pike County, Ohio
  • Date of issue: 28 July 1883

Citation: One of the 19 of 22 men (including 2 civilians) who, by direction of Gen. Mitchell (or Buell), penetrated nearly 200 miles south into enemy territory and captured a railroad train at Big Shanty, Ga., in an attempt to destroy the bridges and track between Chattanooga and Atlanta.

SLOAN, ANDREW J.

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company H, 12th Iowa Infantry
  • Place and date: At Nashville, Tenn., 16 December 1864
  • Entered service at: Colesburg, Delaware County, Iowa
  • Date of issue: 24 February 1865

Citation: Captured flag of 1st Louisiana Battery (C.S.A.).

SLUSHER, HENRY C.

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company F, 22d Pennsylvania Cavalry
  • Place and date: Near Moorefield, W. Va., 11 September 1863
  • Date of issue: 4 April 1898

Citation: Voluntarily crossed a branch of the Potomac River under fire to rescue a wounded comrade held prisoner by the enemy. Was wounded and taken prisoner in the attempt.

SMALLEY, REUBEN

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company F, 83d Indiana Infantry
  • Place and date: At Vicksburg, Miss., 22 May 1863
  • Entered service at. Poston, Ind.
  • Date of issue: 9 July 1894

Citation: Gallantry in the charge of the "volunteer storming party."

SMALLEY, REUBEN S.

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company D, 104th Illinois Infantry
  • Place and date: At Elk River, Tenn., 2 July 1863
  • Entered service at: Brookfield, La Salle County, Ill.
  • Date of issue: 30 October 1897

Citation: Voluntarily joined a small party that, under a heavy fire, captured a stockade and saved the bridge.

SMITH, ALONZO

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company C, 7th Michigan Infantry
  • Place and date: At Hatchers Run, Va., 27 October 1864
  • Entered service at: Jonesville, Mich.
  • Date of issue: 1 December 1864

Citation: Capture of flag of 26th North Carolina Infantry (C.S.A.), while outside his lines far from his comrades.

SMITH, ANDREW JACKSON

  • Rank and organization: Corporal, 55th Massachusetts Voluntary Infantry, U.S. Army
  • Date of issue: 31 January 2001

Citation: Corporal Andrew Jackson Smith, of Clinton, Illinois, a member of the 55th Massachusetts Voluntary Infantry, distinguished himself on 30 November 1864 by saving his regimental colors, after the color bearer was killed during a bloody charge called the Battle of Honey Hill, South Carolina. In the late afternoon, as the 55th Regiment pursued enemy skirmishers and conducted a running fight, they ran into a swampy area backed by a rise where the Confederate Army awaited. The surrounding woods and thick underbrush impeded infantry movement and artillery support. The 55th and 54th regiments formed columns to advance on the enemy position in a flanking movement. As the Confederates repelled other units, the 55th and 54th regiments continued to move into flanking positions. Forced into a narrow gorge crossing a swamp in the face of the enemy position, the 55th's Color-Sergeant was killed by an exploding shell, and Corporal Smith took the Regimental Colors from his hand and carried them through heavy grape and canister fire. Although half of the officers and a third of the enlisted men engaged in the fight were killed or wounded, Corporal Smith continued to expose himself to enemy fire by carrying the colors throughout the battle. Through his actions, the Regimental Colors of the 55th Infantry Regiment were not lost to the enemy. Corporal Andrew Jackson Smith's extraordinary valor in the face of deadly enemy fire is in keeping with the highest traditions of military service and reflect great credit upon him, the 55th Regiment, and the United States Army.

SMITH, CHARLES H.

  • Rank and organization: Colonel, 1st Maine Cavalry
  • Place and date: At St. Mary's Church, Va., 24 June 1864
  • Entered service at: Maine
  • Date of issue: 11 April 1895

Citation: Remained in the fight to the close, although severely wounded.

*SMITH, CHARLES H.

  • Rank and organization: Coxswain, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: Maine
  • G.O. No.: 59, 22 June 1865

Citation: On board the U.S.S. Rhode Island which was engaged in rescuing men from the stricken Monitor in Mobile Bay, on December 30, 1862. After the Monitor sprang a leak and went down, Smith courageously risked his life in a gallant attempt to rescue members of the crew. Although he, too, lost his life during the hazardous operation, he had made every effort possible to save the lives of his fellow men.

SMITH, DAVID L.

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant, Battery E, 1st New York Light Artillery
  • Place and date: At Warwick Courthouse, Va., 6 April 1862
  • Entered service at: Bath, N.Y.
  • Date of issue: 6 August 1906

Citation: This soldier, when a shell struck an ammunition chest exploding a number of cartridges and setting fire to the packing tow, procured water and extinguished the fire, thus preventing the explosion of the remaining ammunition.

SMITH, EDWIN

  • Rank and organization: Ordinary Seaman, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: New York

Citation: On board the U.S.S. Whitehead in the attack upon Franklin, Va., 3 October 1862. When his ship became grounded in a narrow passage as she rounded a bend in the Blackwater River, Smith, realizing the hazards of lowering a boat voluntarily swam to shore with a line under the enemy's heavy fire. His fearless action enabled his ship to maintain steady fire and keep the enemy in check during the battle.

SMITH, FRANCIS M.

  • Rank and organization: First Lieutenant and Adjutant, 1st Maryland Infantry
  • Place and date: At Dabney Mills, Va., 6 February 1865
  • Entered service at: Frederick, Md.
  • Date of issue: 13 August 1895

Citation: Voluntarily remained with the body of his regimental commander under a heavy fire after the brigade had retired and brought the body off the field.

SMITH, HENRY I.

  • Rank and organization: First Lieutenant, Company B, 7th Iowa Infantry
  • Place and date: At Black River, N.C., 15 March 1865
  • Entered service at: Shell Rock Fall, Cerro Gordo County, Iowa
  • Date of issue: 7 September 1894

Citation: Voluntarily and under fire rescued a comrade from death by drowning.

SMITH, JAMES (OVID)

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company I, 2d Ohio Infantry
  • Place and date: Georgia, April 1862
  • Date of issue: 6 July 1864

Citation: One of the 19 of 22 men (including 2 civilians) who, by direction of Gen. Mitchell (or Buell), penetrated nearly 200 miles south into enemy territory and captured a railroad train at Big Shanty, Ga., in an attempt to destroy the bridges and tract between Chattanooga and Atlanta.

SMITH, JAMES

  • Rank and organization: Captain of the Forecastle, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: New York
  • G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864

Citation: As captain of a gun on board the U.S.S: Richmond during action against rebel forts and gunboats and with the ram Tennessee, in Mobile Bay, 5 August 1864. Despite damage to his ship and the loss of several men on board as enemy fire raked her decks, Smith fought his gun with skill and courage throughout the prolonged battle which resulted in the surrender of the rebel ram Tennessee and in the successful attacks carried out on Fort Morgan.

SMITH, JOHN

  • Rank and organization: Captain of Forecastle, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: Massachusetts
  • G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864

Citation: On board the U.S.S. Lackawanna during the successful attacks against Fort Morgan, rebel gunboats and the ram Tennessee in Mobile Bay, 5 August 1864. Serving as a gun captain and finding he could not depress his gun when alongside the rebel ironclad Tennessee, Smith threw a hand holystone into one of the ports at a rebel using abusive language against the crew of the ship. He continued his daring action throughout the engagement which resulted in the capture of the prize ram Tennessee and in the damaging and destruction of Fort Morgan.

SMITH, JOHN

  • Rank and organization: Second Captain of the Top, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: New York
  • G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864

Citation: As captain of a gun on board the U.S.S. Richmond during action against rebel forts and gunboats and with the ram Tennessee in Mobile Bay, 5 August 1864. Despite damage to his ship and the loss of several men on board as enemy fire raked her decks, Smith fought his gun with skill and courage throughout a furious 2-hour battle which resulted in the surrender of the rebel ram Tennessee and in the damaging and destruction of batteries at Fort Morgan.

SMITH, JOSEPH S.

  • Rank and organization: Lieutenant Colonel and Commissary of Subsistence, 2d Army Corps
  • Place and date: At Hatchers Run, Va., 27 October 1864
  • Entered service at: Maine
  • Date of issue: 25 May 1892

Citation: Led a part of a brigade, saved 2 pieces of artillery, captured a flag, and secured a number of prisoners.

SMITH, OLOFF

  • Rank and organization: Coxswain, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: New York
  • G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864

Citation: On board the U.S.S. Richmond during action against rebel forts and gunboats and with the ram Tennessee in Mobile Bay, 5 August 1864 Despite damage to his ship and the loss of several men on board as enemy fire raked her decks, Smith performed his duties with skill and courage throughout the furious 2-hour battle which resulted in the surrender of the rebel ram Tennessee and in the damaging and destruction of batteries at Fort Morgan.

SMITH, OTIS W.

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company G, 95th Ohio Infantry
  • Place and date: At Nashville, Tenn., 16 December 1864
  • Date of issue: 24 February 1865

Citation: Capture of flag of 6th Florida Infantry (C.S.A.).

SMITH, RICHARD

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company B, 95th New York Infantry
  • Place and date: At Weldon Railroad, Va., 21 August 1864
  • Entered service at: Harverstraw, Rockland County, N.Y.
  • Date of issue: 13 March 1865

Citation: Captured 2 officers and 20 men of Hagood's brigade while they were endeavoring to make their way back through the woods.

SMITH, S. RODMOND

  • Rank and organization: Captain, Company C, 4th Delaware Infantry
  • Place and date: At Rowanty Creek, Va., 5 February 1865
  • Entered service at: Wilmington, Del.
  • Date of issue: 8 April 1895

Citation: Swam the partly frozen creek under fire to establish a crossing.

SMITH, THADDEUS S.

  • Rank and organization: Corporal, Company E, 6th Pennsylvania Reserve Infantry
  • Place and date: At Gettysburg, Pa., 2 July 1863
  • Date of issue: 5 May 1900

Citation: Was 1 of 6 volunteers who charged upon a log house near the Devil's Den, where a squad of the enemy's sharpshooters were sheltered, and compelled their surrender.

SMITH, THOMAS

  • Rank and organization: Seaman, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: New York
  • G.O. No.. 59, 22 June 1865

Citation: As seaman on board the U.S.S. Magnolia, St. Marks, Fla., 5 and 6 March 1865. Serving with the Army in charge of Navy howitzers during the attack on St. Marks and throughout this fierce engagement, Smith made remarkable efforts in assisting transport of the gun, and his coolness and determination in courageously standing by his gun while under the fire of the enemy were a credit to the service to which he belonged.

SMITH, WALTER B.

  • Rank and organization: Ordinary Seaman, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: New York
  • G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864

Citation: On board the U.S.S. Richmond during action against rebel forts and gunboats and with the ram Tennessee in Mobile Bay, 5 August 1864. Cool and courageous at his station throughout the prolonged action, Smith rendered outstanding service at the 100-pounder rifle on the topgallant forecastle and while firing his musket into the gun ports of the rebel Tennessee.

SMITH, WILLARD M.

  • Rank and organization: Corporal, U.S. Marine Corps
  • Accredited to: New York
  • G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864

Citation: On board the U.S.S. Brooklyn during action against rebel forts and gunboats, and with the ram Tennessee in Mobile Bay, 5 August 1864. Despite severe damage to his ship and the loss of several men on board as enemy fire continued to fall, Cpl. Smith fought his gun with skill and courage throughout the furious 2-hour battle which resulted in the surrender of the rebel ram Tennessee.

SMITH, WILLIAM

  • Rank and organization: Quartermaster, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: New Hampshire
  • G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864

Citation: Served as second quartermaster on board the U.S.S. Kearsarge when she destroyed the Alabama off Cherbourg, France, 19 June 1864. Acting as captain of the 11-inch pivot gun of the second division, Smith carried out his duties courageously and deserved special notice for the deliberate and cool manner in which he acted throughout the bitter engagement. It is stated by rebel officers that this gun was more destructive and did more damage than any other gun of Kearsarge.

SMITH, WILSON

  • Rank and organization: Corporal, Battery H, 3d New York Light Artillery
  • Place and date: At Washington, N.C., 6 September 1862
  • Entered service at: Madison, N.Y.
  • Date of issue: 24 April 1896

Citation: Took command of a gun (the lieutenant in charge having disappeared) and fired the same so rapidly and effectively that the enemy was repulsed, although for a time a hand-to-hand conflict was had over the gun.

SNEDDEN, JAMES

  • Rank and organization: Musician, Company E, 54th Pennsylvania Infantry
  • Place and date: At Piedmont, Va., 5 June 1864
  • Entered service at: Johnstown, Pa.
  • Dates of issue: 11 September 1897

Citation: Left his place in the rear, took the rifle of a disabled soldier, and fought through the remainder of the action.

SOUTHARD, DAVID

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company C, 1st New Jersey Cavalry
  • Place and date: At Sailors Creek, Va., 6 April 1865
  • Date of issue: 3 July 1865

Citation: Capture of flag; and was the first man over the works in the charge.

SOVA, JOSEPH E.

  • Rank and organization: Saddler, Company H, 8th New York Cavalry
  • Place and date: At Appomattox Campaign, Va., 29 March to 9 April 1865
  • Date of issue: 3 May 1865

Citation: Capture of flag.

SOWERS, MICHAEL

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company L, 4th Pennsylvania Cavalry
  • Place and date: At Stony Creek Station, Va., 1 December 1864
  • Entered service at: Allegheny County, Pa.
  • Date of issue: 16 February 1897

Citation: His horse having been shot from under him he voluntarily and on foot participated in the cavalry charge made upon one of the forts, conducting himself throughout with great personal bravery.

SPALDING, EDWARD B.

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company E, 52d Illinois Infantry
  • Place and date: At Pittsburg Landing, Tenn., 6 April 1862
  • Entered service at: Rockford, Winnebago County, Ill.
  • Date of issue: 15 January 1894

Citation: Although twice wounded, and thereby crippled for life, he remained fighting in open ground to the close of the battle.

SPERRY, WILLIAM J.

  • Rank and organization: Major, 6th Vermont Infantry
  • Place and date: At Petersburg, Va., 2 April 1865
  • Entered service at: Vermont
  • Date of issue: 12 August 1892

Citation: With the assistance of a few men, captured 2 pieces of artillery and turned them upon the enemy.

SPILLANE, TIMOTHY

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company C, 16th Pennsylvania Cavalry
  • Place and date: At Hatchers Run, Va., 5-7 February 1865
  • Entered service at: Erie, Pa.
  • Date of issue: 16 September 1880

Citation: Gallantry and good conduct in action; bravery in a charge and reluctance to leave the field after being twice wounded.

SPRAGUE, BENONA

  • Rank and organization: Corporal, Company F, 116th Illinois Infantry
  • Place and date: At Vicksburg, Miss., 22 May 1863
  • Entered service at: Chencys Grove, Ill.
  • Date of issue: 10 July 1894

Citation: Gallantry in the charge of the "volunteer storming party. "

SPRAGUE, JOHN W.

  • Rank and organization: Colonel, 63d Ohio Infantry
  • Place and date: At Decatur, Ga., 22 July 1862
  • Entered service at: Sandusky, Ohio
  • Date of issue: 18 January 1894

Citation: With a small command defeated an overwhelming force of the enemy and saved the trains of the corps.

SPROWLE, DAVID

  • Rank and organization: Orderly Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps
  • Accredited to: New York
  • G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864

Citation: On board the U.S.S. Richmond during action against rebel forts and gunboats, and with the ram Tennessee in Mobile Bay, 5 August 1864. Despite damage to his ship and the loss of several men on board as enemy fire raked her decks, Orderly Sgt. Sprowle inspired the men of the marine guard and directed a division of great guns throughout the furious battle which resulted in the surrender of the rebel ram Tennessee and in the damaging and destruction of batteries at Fort Morgan.

SPURLING, ANDREW B.

  • Rank and organization: Lieutenant Colonel, 2d Maine Cavalry
  • Place and date: At Evergreen, Ala., 23 March 1865
  • Entered service at: Maine
  • Date of issue: 10 September 1897

Citation: Advanced alone in the darkness beyond the picket line, came upon 3 of the enemy, fired upon them (his fire being returned), wounded 2, and captured the whole party.

STACEY, CHARLES

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company D, 55th Ohio Infantry
  • Place and date: At Gettysburg, Pa., 2 July 1863
  • Date of issue: 23 June 1896

Citation: Voluntarily took an advanced position on the skirmish line for the purpose of ascertaining the location of Confederate sharpshooters, and under heavy fire held the position thus taken until the company of which he was a member went back to the main line.

STAHEL, JULIUS

  • Rank and organization: Major General, U.S. Volunteers
  • Place and date: At Piedmont, Va., 5 June 1864
  • Entered service at: New York, N.Y.
  • Date of issue: 4 November 1893

Citation: Led his division into action until he was severely wounded.

STANLEY, DAVID S.

  • Rank and organization: Major General, U.S. Volunteers
  • Place and date: At Franklin, Tenn., 30 November 1864
  • Entered service at: Congress, Wayne County, Ohio
  • Date of issue: 29 March 1893

Citation: At a critical moment rode to the front of one of his brigades, reestablished its lines, and gallantly led it In a successful assault.

STANLEY, WILLIAM A.

  • Rank and organization: Shell Man, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: Massachusetts
  • G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864

Citation: Shell man on No. 8 on board the U.S.S. Hartford during successful actions against Fort Morgan, rebel gunboats and the ram Tennessee in Mobile Bay, on 5 August 1864. Although severely wounded when his ship sustained numerous hits under the enemy's terrific shellfire, Stanley continued to pass shell until forced by the loss of blood to go below.

STARKINS, JOHN H.

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant, 34th New York Battery
  • Place and date: At Campbell Station, Tenn., 16 November 1863
  • Date of issue: 30 July 1896

Citation: Brought off his piece without losing a man.

STEELE, JOHN W.

  • Rank and organization: Major and Aide-de-Camp, U.S. Volunteers
  • Place and date: At Spring Hill, Tenn., 29 November 1864
  • Entered service at: Ohio
  • Date of issue: 28 September 1897

Citation: During a night attack of the enemy upon the wagon and ammunition train of this officer's corps, he gathered up a force of stragglers and others, assumed command of it, though himself a staff officer, and attacked and dispersed the enemy's forces, thus saving the train.

STEINMETZ, WILLIAM

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company G, 83d Indiana Infantry
  • Place and date: At Vicksburg, Miss., 22 May 1863
  • Entered service at: Sunmans, Ind.
  • Date of issue: 12 July 1894

Citation: Gallantry in the charge of the "volunteer storming party."

STEPHENS, WILLIAM G.

  • Rank and organization: Private, Chicago Mercantile Battery, Illinois Light Artillery
  • Place and date: At Vicksburg, Miss., 22 May 1863
  • Entered service at: Chicago, Ill.
  • Date of issue: 21 December 1894

Citation: Carried with others by hand a cannon up to and fired it through an embrasure of the enemy's works.

STERLING, JAMES E.

  • Rank and organization: Coal Heaver, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: Maine
  • G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864

Citation: On board the U.S.S. Brooklyn during successful attacks against Fort Morgan, rebel gunboats and the ram Tennessee in Mobile Bay, on 5 August 1864. Although wounded when heavy enemy return fire raked the decks of his ship, Sterling courageously remained at his post and continued passing shell until struck down a second time and completely disabled.

STERLING, JOHN T.

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company D, 11th Indiana Infantry
  • Place and date: At Winchester, Va., 19 September 1864
  • Entered service at: Marion County, Ind. Birth. Edgar County, Ill.
  • Date of issue: 4 April 1865

Citation: With one companion captured 14 of the enemy in the severest part of the battle.

STEVENS, DANIEL D.

  • Rank and organization: Quartermaster, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: Massachusetts. Letter 15 July 1870, Secretary of the Navy to Hon. S. Hooper

Citation: On board the U.S.S. Canonicus during attacks on Fort Fisher, on 13 January 1865. As the Canonicus moved into position at 700 yards from shore, the enemy troops soon obtained her range and opened with heavy artillery fire, subjecting her to several hits and near misses until late in the afternoon when the heavier ships coming into line drove them into their bombproofs. Twice during the battle, in which his ship sustained 36 hits, the flag was shot away and gallantly replaced by Stevens.

STEVENS, HAZARD

  • Rank and organization: Captain and Assistant Adjutant General, U.S. Volunteers
  • Place and Date: At Fort Huger, Va., 19 April 1863
  • Entered service at: Olympia, Washington Territory
  • Date of issue: 13 June 1894

Citation: Gallantly led a party that assaulted and captured the fort.

STEWART, GEORGE W.

  • Rank and organization: First Sergeant, Company E, 1st New Jersey Cavalry
  • Place and date: At Paines Crossroads, Va., 5 April 1865
  • Date of issue: 3 May 1865

Citation: Capture of flag.

STEWART, JOSEPH

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company G, 1st Maryland Infantry
  • Place and date: At Five Forks, Va., 1 April 1865
  • Date of issue: 27 April 1865

Citation: Capture of flag.

STICKELS, JOSEPH

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company A, 83d Ohio Infantry
  • Place and date: At Fort Blakely, Ala., 9 April 1865
  • Entered service at: Bethany, Ohio
  • Date of issue: 8 June 1865

Citation: Capture of flag.

STOCKMAN, GEORGE H.

  • Rank and organization: First Lieutenant, Company C, 6th Missouri Infantry
  • Place and date: At Vicksburg, Miss., 22 May 1863
  • Entered service at: Chicago, Ill. Birth. Germany
  • Date of issue: 9 July 1894

Citation: Gallantry in the charge of the "volunteer storming party."

STODDARD, JAMES

  • Rank and organization: Seaman, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: North Carolina
  • G.O. No.: 32, 16 April 1864

Citation: Off Yazoo City, Miss., 5 March 1864. Embarking from the Marmora with a 12-pound howitzer mounted on a field carriage, Stoddard landed with the gun and crew in the midst of heated battle and, bravely standing by his gun despite enemy rifle fire which cut the gun carriage and rammer, contributed to the turning back of the enemy during the fierce engagement.

STOKES, GEORGE

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company C, 122d Illinois Infantry
  • Place and date: At Nashville, Tenn., 16 December 1864
  • Entered service at: Jerseyville, Ill. Birth. England
  • Date of issue: 24 February 1865

Citation: Capture of flag.

STOLZ, FRANK

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company G, 83d Indiana Infantry
  • Place and date: At Vicksburg, Miss., 22 May 1863
  • Entered service at: Sunmans, Ind.
  • Date of issue: 9 July 1894

Citation: Gallantry in the charge of the "volunteer storming party."

STOREY, JOHN H. R.

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company F, 109th Pennsylvania Infantry
  • Place and date: At Dallas, Ga., 28 May 1864
  • Date of issue: 29 August 1896

Citation: While bringing in a wounded comrade, under a destructive fire, he was himself wounded in the right leg, which was amputated on the same day.

STOUT, RICHARD

  • Rank and organization: Landsman, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: New York
  • G.O. No.: 32, 16 April 1864

Citation: Serving on board the U.S.S. Isaac Smith, Stono River, 30 January 1863. While reconnoitering on the Stono River on this date the U.S.S. Isaac Smith became trapped in a rebel ambush. Fired on from two sides, she fought her guns until disabled. Suffering heavy casualties and at the mercy of the enemy who was delivering a raking fire from every side, she struck her colors out of regard for the wounded aboard, and all aboard were taken prisoners. Carrying out his duties bravely through this action, Stout was severely wounded and lost his right arm while returning the rebel fire.

STRAHAN, ROBERT

  • Rank and organization: Captain of the Top, U.S. Navy
  • G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864
  • Accredited to: New Jersey

Citation: Served as captain of the top on board the U.S.S. Kearsarge when she destroyed the Alabama off Cherbourg, France, 19 June 1864. Acting as captain of the No. 1 gun, Strahan carried out his duties in the face of heavy enemy fire and exhibited marked coolness and good conduct throughout the engagement. Strahan was highly recommended by his division officer for his gallantry and meritorious achievements.

STRAUSBAUGH, BERNARD A.

  • Rank and organization: First Sergeant, Company A, 3d Maryland Infantry
  • Place and date: At Petersburg, Va., 17 June 1864
  • Entered service at: Warfordsburg, Pa.
  • Date of issue: 1 December 1864

Citation: Recaptured the colors of 2d Pennsylvania Provisional Artillery.

STREILE, CHRISTIAN

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company I, 1st New Jersey Cavalry
  • Place and date: At Paines Crossroads, Va., 5 April 1865
  • Entered service at: Jersey City, N.J.
  • Date of issue: 3 May 1865

Citation: Capture of flag.

STRONG, JAMES N.

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company C, 49th Massachusetts Infantry
  • Place and date: At Port Hudson, La., 27 May 1863
  • Entered service at: Pittsfield, Mass.
  • Date of issue: 25 November 1893

Citation: Volunteered in response to a call and took part in the movement that was made upon the enemy's works under a heavy fire therefrom in advance of the general assault.

STURGEON, JAMES K.

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company F, 46th Ohio Infantry
  • Place and date: At Kenesaw Mountain, Ga., 15 June 1864
  • Date of issue: 2 January 1895

Citation: Advanced beyond the lines, and in an encounter with 3 Confederates shot 2 and took the other prisoner.

SULLIVAN, JAMES

  • Rank and organization: Ordinary Seaman, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: New York
  • G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864

Citation: On board the U.S.S. Agawam as one of a volunteer crew of a powder boat which was exploded near Fort Fisher, 2 December 1864. The powder boat, towed in by the Wilderness to prevent detection by the enemy, cast off and slowly steamed to within 300 yards of the beach. After fuses and fires had been lit and a second anchor with short scope let go to assure the boat's tailing inshore, the crew boarded the Wilderness and proceeded a distance of 12 miles from shore. Less than 2 hours later the explosion took place, and the following day fires were observed still burning at the forts.

SULLIVAN, JOHN

  • Rank and organization: Seaman, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: New York
  • G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864

Citation: Served as seaman on board the U.S.S. Monticello during the reconnaissance of the harbor and water defenses of Wilmington, N.C. 23 to 25 June 1864. Taking part in a reconnaissance of enemy defenses which covered a period of 2 days and nights, Sullivan courageously carried out his duties during this action, which resulted in the capture of a mail carrier and mail, the cutting of a telegraph wire, and the capture of a large group of prisoners. Although in immediate danger from the enemy at all times, Sullivan showed gallantry and coolness throughout this action which resulted in the gaining of much vital information of the rebel defenses.

SULLIVAN, TIMOTHY

  • Rank and organization: Coxswain, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: New York
  • G.O. No.: 11, 3 April 1863

Citation: Served on board the U.S.S. Louisville during various actions of that vessel. During the engagements of the Louisville, Sullivan served as first captain of a 9-inch gun and throughout his period of service was "especially commended for his attention to duty, bravery, and coolness in action."

SUMMERS, JAMES C.

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company H, 4th West Virginia Infantry
  • Place and date: At Vicksburg, Miss., 22 May 1 863
  • Entered service at: Kanawha County, W. Va.
  • Date of issue: 25 February 1895

Citation: Gallantry in charge of the "volunteer storming party."

SUMMERS, ROBERT

  • Rank and organization: Chief Quartermaster, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: New York
  • G.O. No.: 59, 22 June 1865

Citation: Summers served on board the U.S.S. Ticonderoga in the attacks on Fort Fisher, 13 to 15 January 1865. The ship took position in the line of battle and maintained a well-directed fire upon the batteries to the left of the palisades during the initial phase of the engagement. Although several of the enemy's shots fell over and around the vessel, the Ticonderoga fought her guns gallantly throughout 3 consecutive days of battle until the flag was planted on one of the strongest fortifications possessed by the rebels.

SURLES, WILLIAM H.

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company G, 2d Ohio Infantry
  • Place and date: At Perryville, Ky., 8 October 1862
  • Entered service at: Steubenville, Ohio
  • Date of issue: 19 August 1891

Citation: In the hottest part of the fire he stepped in front of his colonel to shield him from the enemy's fire.

SWAN, CHARLES A.

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company K, 4th Iowa Cavalry
  • Place and date: At Selma, Ala., 2 April 1865
  • Entered service at: Mt. Pleasant, Iowa
  • Date of issue: 17 June 1865

Citation: Capture of flag (supposed to be 11th Mississippi, C.S.A., and bearer.

SWANSON, JOHN

  • Rank and organization: Seaman, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: Massachusetts
  • G.O. No.: 59, 22 June 1865

Citation: On board the U.S.S. Santiago de Cuba during the assault on Fort Fisher on 15 January 1865. As one of a boat crew detailed to one of the generals on shore, Swanson bravely entered the fort in the assault and accompanied his party in carrying dispatches at the height of the battle. He was 1 of 6 men who entered the fort in the assault from the fleet.

SWAP, JACOB E.

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company H, 83d Pennsylvania Infantry
  • Place and date: At Wilderness, Va., 5 May 1864
  • Entered service at: Springs, Pa.
  • Date of issue: 19 November 1897

Citation: Although assigned to other duty, he voluntarily joined his regiment in a charge and fought with it until severely wounded.

SWATTON, EDWARD

  • Rank and organization: Seaman, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: New York
  • G.O. No.: 59, 22 June 1865

Citation: On board the U.S.S. Santiago de Cuba during the assault on Fort Fisher on 15 January 1865. As one of a boat crew detailed to one of the generals on shore, Swatton bravely entered the fort in the assault and accompanied his party in carrying dispatches at the height of the battle. He was 1 of 6 men who entered the fort in the assault from the fleet.

SWAYNE, WAGER

  • Rank and organization: Lieutenant Colonel, 43d Ohio Infantry
  • Place and date: At Corinth, Miss., 4 October 1862
  • Entered service at: Columbus, Ohio
  • Date of issue: 19 August 1893

Citation: Conspicuous gallantry in restoring order at a critical moment and leading his regiment in a charge.

SWEARER, BENJAMIN

  • Rank and organization: Seaman, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: Maryland
  • G.O. No.: 11, 3 April 1863

Citation: Embarked in a surfboat from the U.S.S. Pawnee during action against Fort Clark, off Baltimore Inlet, 29 August 1861. Taking part in a mission to land troops and to remain inshore and provide protection, Swearer rendered gallant service throughout the action and had the honor of being the first man to raise the flag on the captured fort.

SWEATT, JOSEPH S. G.

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company C, 6th Massachusetts Infantry
  • Place and date: At Carrsville, Va., 15 May 1863
  • Entered service at: Lowell, Mass.
  • Date of issue: 22 March 1892

Citation: When ordered to retreat this soldier turned and rushed back to the front, in the face of heavy fire of the enemy, in an endeavor to rescue his wounded comrades, remaining by them until overpowered and taken prisoner.

SWEENEY, JAMES

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company A, 1st Vermont Cavalry
  • Place and date: At Cedar Creek, Va., 19 October 1864
  • Entered service at: Essex, Vt.
  • Date of issue: 26 October 1864

Citation: With one companion captured the State flag of a North Carolina regiment, together with 3 officers and an ambulance with its mules and driver.

SWEGHEIMER, JACOB

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company I, 54th Ohio Infantry
  • Place and date: At Vicksburg, Miss., 22 May 1863
  • Date of issue: 14 July 1894

Citation: Gallantry in the charge of the "volunteer storming party."

SWIFT, FREDERIC W.

  • Rank and organization: Lieutenant Colonel, 17th Michigan Infantry
  • Place and date: At Lenoire Station, Tenn., 16 November 1863
  • Entered service at: Michigan
  • Date of issue: 15 February 1897

Citation: Gallantly seized the colors and rallied the regiment after 3 color bearers had been shot and the regiment, having become demoralized, was in imminent danger of capture.

SWIFT, HARLAN J.

  • Rank and organization: Second Lieutenant, Company H, 2d Mew York Militia Regiment
  • Place and date: At Petersburg, Va., 30 July 1864
  • Entered service at: New York
  • Date of issue: 20 July 1897

Citation: Having advanced with his regiment and captured the enemy's line, saw 4 of the enemy retiring toward their second line of works. He advanced upon them alone, compelled their surrender and regained his regiment with the 4 prisoners.

SYPE, PETER

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company B, 47th Ohio Infantry
  • Place and date: At Vicksburg, Miss., 3 May 1863
  • Entered service at: Adrian, Mich.
  • Date of issue: 12 September 1911

Citation: Was one of a party that volunteered and attempted to run the enemy's batteries with a steam tug and 2 barges loaded with subsistence stores.

TABOR, WILLIAM L. S.

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company K, 15th New Hampshire Infantry
  • Place and date: At the siege of Port Hudson, La., July 1863
  • Entered service at: Concord, N.H.
  • Date of issue: 10 March 1896

Citation: Voluntarily exposed himself to the enemy only a few feet away to render valuable services for the protection of his comrades.

TAGGART, CHARLES A.

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company B, 37th Massachusetts Infantry
  • Place and date: At Sailors Creek, Va., 6 April 1865
  • Date of issue: 10 May 1865

Citation: Capture of flag.

TALBOTT, WILLIAM

  • Rank and organization: Captain of the Forecastle, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: Massachusetts
  • G.O. No.: 32, 16 April 1865

Citation: Served as captain of the forecastle on board the U.S.S. Louisville at the capture of the Arkansas post, 10 and 11 January 1863. Carrying out his duties as captain of a 9-inch gun, Talbott was conspicuous for ability and bravery throughout this engagement with the enemy.

*TALLENTlNE, JAMES

  • Rank and organization: Quarter Gunner, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: Maryland
  • G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864

Citation: Served as quarter gunner on board the U.S.S. Tacony during the taking of Plymouth, N.C., 31 October 1864. Carrying out his duties faithfully during the capture of Plymouth, Tallentine distinguished himself by a display of coolness when he participated in landing and spiking a 9-inch gun while under devastating fire from enemy musketry. Tallentine later gave his life while courageously engaged in storming Fort Fisher, 15 January 1865.

TANNER, CHARLES B.

  • Rank and organization: Second Lieutenant, Company H, 1st Delaware Infantry
  • Place and date: At Antietam, Md., 17 September 1862
  • Entered service at: Wilmington, Del.
  • Date of issue: 13 December 1889

Citation: Carried off the regimental colors, which had fallen within 20 yards of the enemy's lines, the color guard of 9 men having all been killed or wounded; was himself 3 times wounded.

TAYLOR, ANTHONY

  • Rank and organization: First Lieutenant, Company A, 15th Pennsylvania Cavalry
  • Place and date: At Chickamauga, Ga., 20 September 1863
  • Entered service at: Philadelphia, Pa.
  • Date of issue: 4 December 1893

Citation: Held out to the last with a small force against the advance of superior numbers of the enemy.

TAYLOR, FORRESTER L.

  • Rank and organization: Captain, Company H, 23d New Jersey Infantry
  • Place and date: At Chancellorsville. Va., 3 May 1863
  • Date of issue: 2 November 1896

Citation: At great risk voluntarily saved the lives of and brought from the battlefield 2 wounded comrades.

TAYLOR, GEORGE

  • Rank and organization: Armorer, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: New York
  • G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864

Citation: On board the U.S.S. Lackawanna during successful attacks against Fort Morgan, rebel gunboats and the ram Tennessee in Mobile Bay, on 5 August 1864. When an enemy shell exploded in the shellroom, Taylor although wounded went into the room and, with his hand, extinguished the fire from the explosion. He then carried out his duties during the remainder of the prolonged action which resulted in the capture of the prize rebel ram Tennessee and in the damaging and destruction of Fort Morgan.

TAYLOR, HENRY H.

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company C, 45th Illinois Infantry
  • Place and date: At Vicksburg, Miss., 25 June 1863
  • Entered service at: Galena, Jo Daviess County, Ill.
  • Date of issue: 1 September 1893

Citation: Was the first to plant the Union colors upon the enemy's works.

TAYLOR, JOHN

  • Rank and organization: Seaman, U.S. Navy
  • G.O. No.: 71, 15 January 1866

Citation: Seaman in charge of the picket boat attached to the Navy Yard, New York, 9 September 1865. Acting with promptness, coolness and good judgment, Taylor rescued from drowning Commander S. D. Trenchard, of the U.S. Navy, who fell overboard in attempting to get on a ferryboat, which had collided with an English steamer, and needed immediate assistance.

TAYLOR, JOSEPH

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company E, 7th Rhode Island Infantry
  • Place and date: At Weldon Railroad, Va., 18 August 1864
  • Entered service at: Burrillville, R.I.
  • Date of issue: 20 July 1897

Citation: While acting as an orderly to a general officer on the field and alone, encountered a picket of 3 of the enemy and compelled their surrender.

TAYLOR, RICHARD

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company E, 18th Indiana Infantry
  • Place and date: At Cedar Creek, Va., 19 October 1864
  • Entered service at: Martin County, Ind.
  • Date of issue: 21 November 1864

Citation: Capture of flag.

TAYLOR, THOMAS

  • Rank and organization: Coxswain, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: Maine
  • G.O. No.: 59, 22 June 1865

Citation: Served on board the U.S.S. Metacomet during the action against rebel forts and gunboats and with the rebel ram Tennessee in Mobile Bay, 5 August 1864. Despite damage to his ship and the loss of several men on board as enemy fire raked her decks, Taylor encouraged the men of the forward pivot gun when the officer in command displayed cowardice, doing honor to the occasion.

TAYLOR, WILLIAM

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant, Co. H, and 2d Lt. Co. M, 1st Maryland Inf.
  • Place and date: At Front Royal, Va., 23 May 1862. At Weldon Railroad, Va., 19 August 1864
  • Date of issue: 2 August 1897

Citation: When a sergeant, at Front Royal, Va., he was painfully wounded while obeying an order to burn a bridge, but, persevering in the attempt, he burned the bridge and prevented its use by the enemy. Later, at Weldon Railroad, Va., then a lieutenant, he voluntarily took the place of a disabled officer and undertook a hazardous reconnaissance beyond the lines of the army; was taken prisoner in the attempt.

TAYLOR, WILLIAM G.

  • Rank and organization: Captain of the Forecastle, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: Pennsylvania
  • G.O. No.: 59, 22 June 1865

Citation: On board the U.S.S. Ticonderoga during attacks on Fort Fisher, 24 and 25 December 1864. As captain of a gun, Taylor performed his duties with coolness and skill as his ship took position in the line of battle and delivered its fire on the batteries on shore. Despite the depressing effect caused when an explosion of the 100-pounder Parrott rifle killed 8 men and wounded 12 more, and the enemy's heavy return fire, he calmly remained at his station during the 2 days' operations.

TERRY, JOHN D.

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company E, 23d Massachusetts Infantry
  • Place and date: At New Bern, N.C., 14 March 1862
  • Entered service at: Boston, Mass.
  • Date of issue: 12 October 1867

Citation: In the thickest of the fight, where he lost his leg by a shot, still encouraged the men until carried off the field.

THACKRAH, BENJAMIN

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company H, 115th New York Infantry
  • Place and date: Near Fort Gates, Fla., 1 April 1864
  • Entered service at: Johnsonville, N.Y.
  • Date of issue: 2 May 1890

Citation: Was a volunteer in the surprise and capture of the enemy's picket.

THATCHER, CHARLES M.

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company B, 1st Michigan Sharpshooters
  • Place and date: At Petersburg, Va., 30 July 1864
  • Entered service at: Eastmanville, Mich.
  • Date of issue: 31 July 1896

Citation: Instead of retreating or surrendering when the works were captured, regardless of his personal safety continued to return the enemy's fire until he was captured.

THAXTER, SIDNEY W.

  • Rank and organization: Major, 1st Maine Cavalry
  • Place and date: At Hatchers Run, Va., 27 October 1864
  • Entered service at: Bangor Maine
  • Date of issue: 10 September 1897

Citation: Voluntarily remained and participated in the battle with conspicuous gallantry, although his term of service had expired and he had been ordered home to be mustered out.

THIELBERG, HENRY

  • Rank and organization: Seaman, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: Massachusetts
  • G.O. No.: 17, 10 July 1863

Citation: Serving temporarily on board the U.S.S. Mount Washington during the Nansemond River action, 14 April 1863. After assisting in hauling up and raising the flagstaff, Thielberg volunteered to go up on the pilothouse and observe the movements of the enemy and although 3 shells struck within a few inches of his head, remained at his post until ordered to descend.

THOMAS, HAMPTON S.

  • Rank and organization: Major, 1st Pennsylvania Veteran Cavalry
  • Place and date: At Amelia Springs, Va., 5 April 1865
  • Entered service at: Pennsylvania
  • Date of issue: 15 January 1894

Citation: Conspicuous gallantry in the capture of a field battery and a number of battle flags and in the destruction of the enemy's wagon train. Maj. Thomas lost a leg in this action.

THOMAS, STEPHEN

  • Rank and organization: Colonel, 8th Vermont Infantry
  • Place and date: At Cedar Creek, Va., 19 October 1864
  • Entered service at: Montpelier, Vt.
  • Date of issue: 25 July 1892

Citation: Distinguished conduct in a desperate hand-to-hand encounter, in which the advance of the enemy was checked.

THOMPKINS, GEORGE W.

  • Rank and organization: Corporal, Company F, 124th New York Infantry
  • Place and date: At Petersburg, Va., 25 March 1865
  • Entered service at: Esport Jervis, N.Y.
  • Date of issue: 6 April 1865

Citation: Capture of flag of 49th Alabama Infantry (C.S.A.) from an officer who, with colors in hand, was rallying his men.

THOMPSON, ALLEN

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company I, 4th New York Heavy Artillery
  • Place and date: At White Oak Road, Va., 1 April 1865
  • Entered service at: Port Jarvis, N.Y.
  • Date of issue: 22 April 1896

Citation: Made a hazardous reconnaissance through timber and slashings preceding the Union line of battle, signaling the troops and leading them through the obstruction.

THOMPSON, CHARLES A.

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company D, 17th Michigan Infantry
  • Place and date: At Spotsylvania, Va., 12 May 1864
  • Entered service at: Kalamazoo, Mich.
  • Date of issue: 27 July 1896

Citation: After the regiment was surrounded and all resistance seemed useless, fought single-handed for the colors and refused to give them up until he had appealed to his superior officers.

THOMPSON, FREEMAN C.

  • Rank and organization: Corporal, Company F, 116th Ohio Infantry
  • Place and date: At Petersburg, Va., 2 April 1865
  • Date of issue: 12 May 1865

Citation: Was twice knocked from the parapet of Fort Gregg by blows from the enemy muskets but at the third attempt fought his way into the works.

THOMPSON, HENRY A.

  • Rank and organization: Private, U.S. Marine Corps
  • Accredited to: Pennsylvania
  • G.O. No.: 59, 22 June 1865

Citation: On board the U.S.S. Minnesota in the assault on Fort Fisher, 15 January 1865. Landing on the beach with the assaulting party from his ship, Private Thompson advanced partly through a breach in the palisades and nearer to the fort than any man from his ship despite enemy fire which killed or wounded many officers and men. When more than two-thirds of the men became seized with panic and retreated on the run, he remained with the party until dark, when it came safely away, bringing its wounded, its arms and its colors.

THOMPSON, JAMES

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company K, 4th New York Heavy Artillery
  • Place and date: At White Oak Road, Va., 1 April 1865
  • Entered service at: Sandy Creek, N.Y.
  • Date of issue: 22 April 1896

Citation: Made a hazardous reconnaissance through timber and slashings, preceding the Union line of battle, signaling the troops and leading them through the obstructions.

THOMPSON, JAMES B.

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company G, 1st Pennsylvania Rifles
  • Place and date: At Gettysburg, Pa., 3 July 1863
  • Entered service at: Perrysville, Pa.
  • Date of issue: 1 December 1864

Citation: Capture of flag of 15th Georgia Infantry (C.S.A.).

THOMPSON, J. (JAMES) HARRY

  • Rank and organization: Surgeon, U.S. Volunteers
  • Place and date: At New Bern, N.C., 14 March 1862
  • Entered service at: New York
  • Date of issue: 11 November 1870

Citation: Voluntarily reconnoitered the enemy's position and carried orders under the hottest fire.

THOMPSON, JOHN

  • Rank and organization: Corporal, Company C, 1st Maryland Infantry
  • Place and date: At Hatchers Run, Va., 6 February 1865
  • Entered service at: Baltimore, Md.
  • Date of issue: 10 September 1897

Citation: As color bearer with most conspicuous gallantry preceded his regiment in the assault and planted his flag upon the enemy's works.

THOMPSON, THOMAS

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company A, 66th Ohio Infantry
  • Place and date: At Chancellorsville, Va., 2 May 1863
  • Date of issue: 16 July 1892

Citation: One of a party of 4 who voluntarily brought into the Union lines, under fire, a wounded Confederate officer from whom was obtained valuable information concerning the enemy.

THOMPSON, WILLIAM

  • Rank and organization: Signal Quartermaster, U.S. Navy
  • Entered service at: Boston, Mass.
  • G.O. No.: 17, 10 July 1863

Citation: During action of the main squadron of ships against heavily defended Forts Beauregard and Walker on Hilton Head, 7 November 1861. Serving as signal quartermaster on board the U.S.S. Mohican, Thompson steadfastly steered the ship with a steady and bold heart under the batteries; was wounded by a piece of shell but remained at his station until he fell from loss of blood. Legs since amputated.

THOMPSON, WILLIAM P.

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company G, 20th Indiana Infantry
  • Place and date: At Wilderness, Va., 6 May 1864
  • Entered service at: Tippecanoe County, Ind.
  • Date of issue: 1 December 1864

Citation: Capture of flag of 55th Virginia Infantry (C.S.A.).

THOMSON, CLIFFORD

  • Rank and organization: First Lieutenant, Company A, 1st New York Cavalry
  • Place and date: At Chancellorsville, Va., 2 May 1863
  • Entered service at: New York, N.Y.
  • Date of issue: 27 November 1896

Citation: Volunteered to ascertain the character of approaching troops; rode up so closely as to distinguish the features of the enemy, and as he wheeled to return they opened fire with musketry, the Union troops returning same. Under a terrific fire from both sides Lieutenant Thomson rode back unhurt to the Federal lines, averting a disaster to the Army by his heroic act.

THORN, WALTER

  • Rank and organization: Second Lieutenant, Company G, 116th U.S. Colored Troops
  • Place and date: At Dutch Gap Canal, Va., 1 January 1865
  • Date of issue: 8 December 1898

Citation: After the fuze to the mined bulkhead had been lit, this officer, learning that the picket guard had not been withdrawn, mounted the bulkhead and at great personal peril warned the guard of its danger.

TIBBETS, ANDREW W.

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company I, 3d Iowa Cavalry
  • Place and date: At Columbus, Ga., 16 April 1865
  • Entered service at: Appanoose County, Iowa
  • Date of issue: 17 June 1865

Citation: Capture of flag and bearer, Austin's Battery (C.S.A.).

TILTON, WILLIAM

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company C, 7th New Hampshire Infantry
  • Place and date: At Richmond Campaign, Va., 1864
  • Entered service at: Hanover, N.H.
  • Date of issue: 20 February 1884

Citation: Gallant conduct in the field.

TINKHAM, EUGENE M.

  • Rank and organization: Corporal, Company H, 148th New York Infantry
  • Place and date: At Cold Harbor, Va., 3 June 1864
  • Date of issue: 5 April 1898

Citation: Though himself wounded, voluntarily left the rifle pits, crept out between the lines and, exposed to the severe fire of the enemy's guns at close range, brought within the lines 2 wounded and helpless comrades.

TITUS, CHARLES

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company H, 1st New Jersey Cavalry
  • Place and date: At Sailors Creek, Va., 6 April 1865
  • Entered service at: New Brunswick, N.J.
  • Date of issue: 3 July 1865

Citation: Was among the first to check the enemy's countercharge.

TOBAN, JAMES W.

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company C, 9th Michigan Cavalry
  • Place and date: At Aiken, S.C., 11 February 1865
  • Entered service at: Northfield, Mich.
  • Date of issue: 9 July 1896

Citation: Voluntarily and at great personal risk returned, in the face of the advance of the enemy, and rescued from impending death or capture, Maj. William C. Stevens, 9th Michigan Cavalry, who had been thrown from his horse.

TOBIE, EDWARD P.

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant Major, 1st Maine Cavalry
  • Place and date: At Appomattox Campaign, Va., 29 March to 9 April 1865
  • Entered service at: Lewiston, Maine
  • Date of issue: 1 April 1898

Citation: Though severely wounded at Sailors Creek, 6 April, and at Farmville, 7 April, refused to go to the hospital, but remained with his regiment, performed the full duties of adjutant upon the wounding of that officer, and was present for duty at Appomattox.

TOBIN, JOHN M.

  • Rank and organization: First Lieutenant and Adjutant, 9th Massachusetts Infantry
  • Place and date: At Malvern Hill, Va., 1 July 1862
  • Entered service at: Boston, Mass.
  • Date of issue: 11 March 1896

Citation: Voluntarily took command of the 9th Massachusetts while adjutant, bravely fighting from 3 p.m. until dusk, rallying and re-forming the regiment under fire; twice picked up the regimental flag, the color bearer having been shot down, and placed it in worthy hands.

TODD, SAMUEL

  • Rank and organization: Quartermaster, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: New Hampshire
  • G. O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864

Citation: Stationed at the conn on board the U.S.S. Brooklyn during action against rebel forts and gunboats and with the ram Tennessee in Mobile Bay, 5 August 1864. Despite severe damage to his ship and the loss of several men on board as enemy fire raked her decks from stem to stern, Todd performed his duties with outstanding skill and courage throughout the furious battle which resulted in the surrender of the prize rebel ram Tennessee and in the damaging and destruction of batteries at Fort Morgan.

TOFFEY, JOHN J.

  • Rank and organization: First Lieutenant, Company G, 33d New Jersey Infantry
  • Place and date: At Chattanooga, Tenn., 23 November 1863
  • Entered service at: Hudson, N.J.
  • Date of issue: 10 September 1897

Citation: Although excused from duty on account of sickness, went to the front in command of a storming party and with conspicuous gallantry participated in the assault of Missionary Ridge; was here wounded and permanently disabled.

TOMLIN, ANDREW J.

  • Rank and organization: Corporal, U.S. Marine Corps
  • Accredited to: New Jersey
  • G.O. No.: 59, 22 June 1865

Citation: As corporal of the guard on board the U.S.S. Wabash during the assault on Fort Fisher, on 15 January 1865. As 1 of 200 marines assembled to hold a line of entrenchments in the rear of the fort which the enemy threatened to attack in force following a retreat in panic by more than two-thirds of the assaulting ground forces, Cpl. Tomlin took position in line and remained until morning when relief troops arrived from the fort. When one of his comrades was struck down by enemy fire, he unhesitatingly advanced under a withering fire of musketry into an open plain close to the fort and assisted the wounded man to a place of safety.

TOMPKINS, AARON B.

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company G, 1st New Jersey Cavalry
  • Place and date: At Sailors Creek, Va., 5 April 1865
  • Date of issue: 3 July 1865

Citation: Charged into the enemy's ranks and captured a battle flag, having a horse shot under him and his cheeks and shoulders cut with a saber.

TOMPKINS, CHARLES H.

  • Rank and organization: First Lieutenant, 2d U.S. Cavalry
  • Place and date: At Fairfax, Va., 1 June 1861
  • Entered service at: Brooklyn, N.Y.
  • Date of issue: 13 November 1893

Citation: Twice charged through the enemy's lines and, taking a carbine from an enlisted man, shot the enemy's captain.

TOOHEY, THOMAS

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company F, 24th Wisconsin Infantry
  • Place and date: At Franklin, Tenn., 30 November 1864
  • Date of issue: Unknown

Citation: Gallantry in action; voluntarily assisting in working guns of battery near right of the regiment after nearly every man had left them, the fire of the enemy being hotter at this than at any other point on the line.

TOOMER, WILLIAM

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company G, 127th Illinois Infantry
  • Place and date: At Vicksburg, Miss., 22 May 1863
  • Entered service at: Chicago, Ill.
  • Date of issue: 9 July 1894

Citation: Gallantry in the charge of the "volunteer storming party."

TORGLER, ERNST

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company G, 37th Ohio Infantry
  • Place and date: At Ezra Chapel, Ga., 28 July 1864
  • Date of issue: 10 May 1894

Citation: At great hazard of his life he saved his commanding officer, then badly wounded, from capture.

TOZIER, ANDREW J.

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company I, 20th Maine Infantry
  • Place and date: At Gettysburg, Pa., 2 July 1863
  • Entered service at: Plymouth, Maine
  • Date of issue: 13 August 1898

Citation: At the crisis of the engagement this soldier, a color bearer, stood alone in an advanced position, the regiment having been borne back, and defended his colors with musket and ammunition picked up at his feet.

TRACY, AMASA A.

  • Rank and organization: Lieutenant Colonel, 2d Vermont Infantry
  • Place and date: At Cedar Creek, Va., 19 October 1864
  • Entered service at: Middlebury, Vt.
  • Date of issue: 24 June 1892

Citation: Took command of and led the brigade in the assault on the enemy's works.

TRACY, BENJAMIN F.

  • Rank and organization: Colonel, 109th New York Infantry
  • Place and date: At Wilderness, Va., 6 May 1864
  • Entered service at: Owego, N.Y.
  • Date of issue: 21 June 1895

Citation: Seized the colors and led the regiment when other regiments had retired and then reformed his line and held it.

TRACY, CHARLES H.

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company A, 37th Massachusetts Infantry
  • Place and date: At Spotsylvania, Va., 12 May 1864; At Petersburg, Va., 2 April 1865
  • Entered service at: Springfield, Mass.
  • Date of issue: 19 November 1897

Citation: At the risk of his own life, at Spotsylvania, 12 May 1864, assisted in carrying to a place of safety a wounded and helpless officer. On 2 April 1865, advanced with the pioneers, and, under heavy fire, assisted in removing 2 lines of chevaux-de-frise; was twice wounded but advanced to the third line, where he was again severely wounded, losing a leg.

TRACY, WILLIAM G.

  • Rank and organization: Second Lieutenant, Company I, 122d New York Infantry
  • Place and date: At Chancellorsville, Va., 2 May 1863
  • Entered service at: Onondaga County, N.Y.
  • Date of issue: 2 May 1895

Citation: Having been sent outside the lines to obtain certain information of great importance and having succeeded in his mission, was surprised upon his return by a large force of the enemy, regaining the Union lines only after greatly imperiling his life.

TRAYNOR, ANDREW

  • Rank and organization: Corporal, Company D, 1st Michigan Cavalry
  • Place and date: At Mason's Hill, Va., 16 March 1864
  • Entered service at: Rome, N.Y.
  • Date of issue: 28 September 1897

Citation: Having been surprised and captured by a detachment of guerrillas, this soldier, with other prisoners, seized the arms of the guard over them, killed 2 of the guerrillas, and enabled all the prisoners to escape.

TREAT, HOWELL B.

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company I, 52d Ohio Infantry
  • Place and date: At Buzzard's Roost, Ga., 11 May 1864
  • Entered service at: Painesville, Ohio
  • Date of issue: 14 August 1894

Citation: Risked his life in saving a wounded comrade.

TREMAIN, HENRY E.

  • Rank and organization: Major and Aide-de-Camp, U.S. Volunteers
  • Place and date: At Resaca, Ga., 15 May 1864
  • Entered service at: New York, N.Y.
  • Date of issue: 30 June 1892

Citation: Voluntarily rode between the lines while 2 brigades of Union troops were firing into each other and stopped the firing.

TRIBE, JOHN

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company G, 5th New York Cavalry
  • Place and date: At Waterloo Bridge, Va., 25 August 1862
  • Entered service at: Oswego, N.Y.
  • Date of issue: 11 June 1895

Citation: Voluntarily assisted in the burning and destruction of the bridge under heavy fire of the enemy.

TRIPP, OTHNIEL

  • Rank and organization: Chief Boatswain's Mate, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: Maine
  • G.O. No.: 59, 22 June 1865

Citation: On board the U.S.S. Seneca in the assault on Fort Fisher, 15 January 1865. Despite severe enemy fire which halted an attempt by his assaulting party to enter the stockade, Tripp boldly charged through the gap in the stockade although the center of the line, being totally unprotected, fell back along the open beach and left too few in the ranks to attempt an offensive operation.

TROGDEN, HOWELL G.

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company B, 8th Missouri Infantry
  • Place and date: At Vicksburg, Miss., 22 May 1863
  • Entered service at: St. Louis, Mo.
  • Date of issue: 3 August 1894

Citation: Gallantry in the charge of the "volunteer storming party." He carried his regiment's flag and tried to borrow a gun to defend it.

TRUELL, EDWIN M.

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company E, 12th Wisconsin Infantry
  • Place and date: Near Atlanta, Ga., 21 July 1864
  • Entered service at: Mauston, Wis.
  • Date of issue: 11 March 1870

Citation: Although severely wounded in a charge, he remained with the regiment until again severely wounded, losing his leg.

TRUETT, ALEXANDER H.

  • Rank and organization: Coxswain, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: Maryland
  • G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864

Citation: On board the U.S.S. Richmond during action against rebel forts and gunboats and with the ram Tennessee in Mobile Bay, 5 August 1864. Despite damage to his ship and the loss of several men on board as enemy fire raked her decks, Truett performed his duties with skill and courage throughout a furious 2-hour battle which resulted in the surrender of the rebel ram Tennessee and in the damaging and destruction of batteries at Fort Morgan.

TUCKER, ALLEN

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company F, 10th Connecticut Infantry
  • Place and date: At Petersburg, Va., 2 April 1865
  • Entered service at: Sprague, Conn.
  • Date of issue: 12 May 1865

Citation: Gallantry as color bearer in the assault on Fort Gregg.

TUCKER, JACOB. R.

  • Rank and organization: Corporal, Company G, 4th Maryland Infantry
  • Place and date: At Petersburg, Va., 1 April 1865
  • Entered service at: Baltimore, Md.
  • Date of issue: 22 April 1871

Citation: Was 1 of the 3 soldiers most conspicuous in the final assault.

TWEEDALE, JOHN

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company B, 15th Pennsylvania Cavalry
  • Place and date: At Stone River, Tenn., 31 December 1862-1 January 1863
  • Entered service at: Philadelphia, Pa.
  • Date of issue: 18 November 1887

Citation: Gallantry in action.

TWOMBLY, VOLTAIRE P.

  • Rank and organization: Corporal, Company F, 2d Iowa Infantry
  • Place and date: At Fort Donelson, Tenn., 15 February 1862
  • Entered service at: Keosauqua, Van Buren County, Iowa
  • Date of issue: 12 March 1897

Citation: Took the colors after 3 of the color guard had fallen, and although most instantly knocked down by a spent ball, immediately arose and bore the colors to the end of the engagement.

TYRRELL, GEORGE WILLIAM

  • Rank and organization: Corporal, Company H, 5th Ohio Infantry
  • Place and date: At Resaca, Ga., 14 May 1864
  • Entered service at: Hamilton County, Ohio
  • Date of issue: 7 April 1865

Citation: Capture of flag.

UHRL, GEORGE

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant, Light Battery F, 5th U.S. Artillery
  • Place and date: At White Oak Swamp Bridge, Va.. 30 June 1862
  • Date of issue: 4 April 1898

Citation: Was 1 of a party of 3 who, under heavy fire of advancing enemy, voluntarily secured and saved from capture a field gun belonging to another battery, and which had been deserted by its officers and men.

URELL, M. EMMET

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company E, 82d New York Infantry
  • Place and date: At Bristoe Station, Va., 14 October 1863
  • Date of issue: 6 June 1870

Citation: Gallantry in action while detailed as color bearer; was severely wounded.

VALE, JOHN

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company H, 2d Minnesota Infantry
  • Place and date: At Nolensville, Tenn., 15 February 1863
  • Entered service at: Rochester, Minn.
  • Date of issue: 11 September 1897

Citation: Was one of a detachment of 16 men who heroically defended a wagon train against the attack of 125 cavalry, repulsed the attack and saved the train.

VANCE, WILSON

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company B, 21st Ohio Infantry
  • Place and date: At Stone River, Tenn., 31 December 1862
  • Date of issue: 17 September 1897

Citation: Voluntarily and under a heavy fire, while his command was falling back, rescued a wounded and helpless comrade from death or capture.

VANDERSLICE, JOHN M.

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company D, 8th Pennsylvania Cavalry
  • Place and date: At Hatchers Run, Va., 6 February 1865
  • Date of issue: 1 September 1893

Citation: Was the first man to reach the enemy's rifle pits, which were taken in the charge.

VAN MATRE, JOSEPH

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company G, 116th Ohio Infantry
  • Place and date: At Petersburg, Va., 2 April 1865
  • Date of issue: 12 May 1865

Citation: In the assault on Fort Gregg, this soldier climbed upon the parapet and fired down into the fort as fast as the loaded guns could be passed up to him by comrades.

VANTINE, JOSEPH E.

  • Rank and organization: First Class Fireman, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: Pennsylvania
  • G.O. No.: 17, 10 July 1863

Citation: Serving on board the U.S.S. Richmond in the attack on Port Hudson, 14 March 1863. Damaged by a 6-inch solid rifle shot which shattered the starboard safety-valve chamber and also damaged the port safety valve, the fireroom of the Richmond immediately filled with steam to place it in an extremely critical condition. Acting courageously in this crisis, Vantine persisted in penetrating the steam-filled room in order to haul the hot fires of the furnaces and continued this action until the gravity of the situation had been lessened.

VAN WINKLE, EDWARD (EDWIN)

  • Rank and organization: Corporal, Company C, 148th New York Infantry
  • Place and date: At Chapins Farm, Va., 29 September 1864
  • Entered service at: Phelps, N.Y.
  • Date of issue: 6 April 1865

Citation: Took position in advance of the skirmish line and drove the enemy's cannoneers from their guns.

VAUGHN, PINKERTON R.

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps
  • Accredited to: Pennsylvania
  • G.O. No.: 17, 10 July 1863

Citation: Serving on board the U.S.S. Mississippi during her abandonment and firing in the action with the Port Hudson batteries, 14 March 1863. During the abandonment of the Mississippi which had to be grounded, Sgt. Vaughn rendered invaluable assistance to his commanding officer, remaining with the ship until all the crew had landed and the ship had been fired to prevent its falling into enemy hands. Persistent until the last, and conspicuously cool under the heavy shellfire, Sgt. Vaughn was finally ordered to save himself as he saw fit.

VEAL, CHARLES

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company D, 4th U.S. Colored Troops
  • Place and date: At Chapins Farm, Va., 29 September 1864
  • Entered service at: Portsmouth, Va.
  • Date of issue: 6 April 1865

Citation: Seized the national colors after 2 color bearers had been shot down close to the enemy's works, and bore them through the remainder of the battle.

VEALE, MOSES

  • Rank and organization: Captain, Company F, 109th Pennsylvania Infantry
  • Place and date: At Wauhatchie, Tenn., 28 October 1863
  • Entered service at: Philadelphia, Pa.
  • Date of issue: 17 January 1894

Citation: Gallantry in action manifesting throughout the engagement coolness, zeal, judgment, and courage. His horse was shot from under him and he was hit by 4 enemy bullets.

VEAZEY, WHEELOCK G.

  • Rank and organization: Colonel, 16th Vermont Infantry
  • Place and date: At Gettysburg, Pa., 3 July 1863
  • Entered service at: Springfield, Vt.
  • Date of issue: 8 September 1891

Citation: Rapidly assembled his regiment and charged the enemy's flank; charged front under heavy fire, and charged and destroyed a Confederate brigade, all this with new troops in their first battle.

VERNAY, JAMES D.

  • Rank and organization: Second Lieutenant, Company B, 11th Illinois Infantry
  • Place and date: At Vicksburg Miss., 22 April 1863
  • Entered service at: Lacon, Marshall County, Ill.
  • Date of issue: 1 April 1898

Citation: Served gallantly as a volunteer with the crew of the steamer Horizon that, under a heavy fire, passed the Confederate batteries.

VERNEY, JAMES W.

  • Rank and organization: Chief Quartermaster, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: Maine
  • G.O. No.: 59, 22 June 1865

Citation: Served as chief quartermaster on board the U.S.S. Pontoosuc during the capture of Fort Fisher and Wilmington, 24 December 1864 to 22 February 1865. Carrying out his duties faithfully throughout this period, Verney was recommended for gallantry and skill and for his cool courage while under fire of the enemy throughout these various actions.

VIFQUAIN, VICTOR

  • Rank and organization: Lieutenant Colonel, 97th Illinois Infantry
  • Place and date: At Fort Blakely, Ala., 9 April 1865
  • Entered service at: Saline County, Nebr.
  • Date of issue: 8 June 1865

Citation: Capture of flag.

VON VEGESACK, ERNEST

  • Rank and organization: Major and Aide-de-Camp, U.S. Volunteers
  • Place and date: At Gaines Mill, Va., 27 June 1862
  • Entered service at: New York, N.Y.
  • Date of issue: 23 August 1893

Citation: While voluntarily serving as aide-de-camp, successfully and advantageously charged the position of troops under fire.

WAGEMAN, JOHN H.

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company I, 60th Ohio Infantry
  • Place and date: At Petersburg, Va., 17 June 1864
  • Entered service at: Amelia, Ohio
  • Date of issue: 27 July 1896

Citation: Remained with the command after being severely wounded until he had fired all the cartridges in his possession, when he had to be carried from the field.

WAGG, MAURICE

  • Rank and organization: Coxswain, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: New York
  • G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864

Citation: Served on board the U.S.S. Rhode Island, which was engaged in saving the lives of the officers and crew of the Monitor off Hatteras, 31 December 1862. Participating in the hazardous task of rescuing the officers and crew of the sinking Monitor, Wagg distinguished himself by meritorious conduct during this operation.

WAGNER, JOHN W.

  • Rank and organization: Corporal, Company F, 8th Missouri Infantry
  • Place and date: At Vicksburg, Miss., 22 May 1863
  • Entered service at: St. Louis, Mo.
  • Date of issue: 14 December 1894

Citation: Gallantry in the charge of the "volunteer storming party."

WAINWRIGHT, JOHN

  • Rank and organization: First Lieutenant, Company F, 97th Pennsylvania Infantry
  • Place and date: At Fort Fisher, N.C., 15 January 1865
  • Entered service at: West Chester, Pa.
  • Date of issue: 24 June 1890

Citation: Gallant and meritorious conduct, where, as first lieutenant, he commanded the regiment.

WALKER, JAMES C.

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company K, 31st Ohio Infantry
  • Place and date: At Missionary Ridge, Tenn., 25 November 1863
  • Entered service at: Springfield, Ohio
  • Date of issue: 25 November 1895

Citation: After 2 color bearers had fallen, seized the flag and carried it forward, assisting in the capture of a battery. Shortly thereafter he captured the flag of the 41st Alabama and the color bearer.

WALKER, DR. MARY E.

  • Rank and organization: Contract Acting Assistant Surgeon (civilian), U. S. Army
  • Places and dates: Battle of Bull Run, July 21, 1861; Patent Office Hospital, Washington, D.C., October 1861; Chattanooga, Tenn., following Battle of Chickomauga, September 1863; Prisoner of War, April 10, 1864-August 12, 1864, Richmond, Va.; Battle of Atlanta, September 1864
  • Entered service at: Louisville, Ky.

Citation: Whereas it appears from official reports that Dr. Mary E. Walker, a graduate of medicine, "has rendered valuable service to the Government, and her efforts have been earnest and untiring in a variety of ways," and that she was assigned to duty and served as an assistant surgeon in charge of female prisoners at Louisville, Ky., upon the recommendation of Major-Generals Sherman and Thomas, and faithfully served as contract surgeon in the service of the United States, and has devoted herself with much patriotic zeal to the sick and wounded soldiers, both in the field and hospitals, to the detriment of her own health, and has also endured hardships as a prisoner of war four months in a Southern prison while acting as contract surgeon; and Whereas by reason of her not being a commissioned officer in the military service, a brevet or honorary rank cannot, under existing laws, be conferred upon her; and Whereas in the opinion of the President an honorable recognition of her services and sufferings should be made: It is ordered, That a testimonial thereof shall be hereby made and given to the said Dr. Mary E. Walker, and that the usual medal of honor for meritorious services be given her. Given under my hand in the city of Washington, D.C., this 11th day of November, A.D. 1865. Andrew Johnson, President (Medal rescinded 1917 along with 910 others, restored by President Carter 10 June 1977.)

Given under my hand in the city of Washington, D.C., this 11th day of November, A.D. 1865.

Andrew Johnson, President

  • Medal rescinded 1917 along with 910 others, restored by President Carter 10 June 1977

WALL, JERRY

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company B, 126th New York Infantry
  • Place and date: At Gettysburg, Pa., 3 July 1863
  • Entered service at: Milo, N.Y.
  • Date of issue: 1 December 1864

Citation: Capture of flag.

WALLER, FRANCIS A.

  • Rank and organization: Corporal, Company I, 6th Wisconsin Infantry
  • Place and date: At Gettysburg, Pa., 1 July 1863
  • Entered service at: DeSoto, Vernon County, Wis.
  • Date of issue: 1 December 1864

Citation: Capture of flag of 2d Mississippi Infantry (C.S.A.).

WALLING, WILLIAM H.

  • Rank and organization: Captain, Company C, 142d New York Infantry
  • Place and date: At Fort Fisher, N.C., 25 December 1864
  • Date of issue: 28 March 1892

Citation: During the bombardment of the fort by the fleet, captured and brought the flag of the fort, the flagstaff having been shot down.

WALSH, JOHN

  • Rank and organization: Corporal, Company D, 5th New York Cavalry
  • Place and date: At Cedar Creek, Va., 19 October 1864
  • Date of issue: 26 October 1864

Citation: Recaptured the flag of the 15th New Jersey Infantry.

WALTON, GEORGE W.

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company C, 97th Pennsylvania Infantry
  • Place and date: At Fort Hell, Petersburg, Va., 29 August 1864
  • Entered service at: Upper Oxford, Pa.
  • Date of issue: 6 August 1902

Citation: Went outside the trenches, under heavy fire at short range, and rescued a comrade who had been wounded and thrown out of the trench by an exploding shell.

WAMBSGAN, MARTIN

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company D, 90th New York Infantry
  • Place and date: At Cedar Creek, Va., 19 October 1864
  • Entered service at: Cayuga County, N.Y.
  • Date of issue: 3 November 1896

Citation: While the enemy were in close proximity, this soldier sprang forward and bore off in safety the regimental colors, the color bearer having fallen on the field of battle.

WARD, JAMES

  • Rank and organization: Quarter Gunner, U.S. Navy
  • G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864

Citation: Serving as gunner on board the U.S.S. Lackawanna during successful attacks against Fort Morgan, rebel gunboats and the ram Tennessee in Mobile Bay, 5 August 1864. Although wounded and ordered below, Ward refused to go, but rendered aid at one of the guns when the crew was disabled. He subsequently remained in the chains, heaving the lead, until nearly caught in the collision with the ram Tennessee. He continued to serve bravely throughout the action which resulted in the capture of the prize ram Tennessee and in the damaging and destruction of Fort Morgan.

WARD, NELSON W.

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company M, 11th Pennsylvania Cavalry
  • Place and date: At Staunton River Bridge, Va., 25 June 1864
  • Date of issue: 10 September 1897

Citation: Voluntarily took part in a charge; went alone in front of his regiment under a heavy fire to secure the body of his captain, who had been killed in the action.

WARD, THOMAS J.

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company C, 116th Illinois Infantry
  • Place and date: At Vicksburg, Miss., 22 May 1863
  • Entered service at: Macon County, Ill.
  • Date of issue: 27 July 1894

Citation: Gallantry in the charge of the "volunteer storming party."

WARD, WILLIAM H.

  • Rank and organization: Captain, Company B, 47th Ohio Infantry
  • Place and date: At Vicksburg, Miss., 3 May 1863
  • Entered service at: Adrian, Mich.
  • Date of issue: 2 January 1895

Citation: Voluntarily commanded the expedition which, under cover of darkness, attempted to run the enemy's batteries.

WARDEN, JOHN

  • Rank and organization: Corporal, Company E, 55th Illinois Infantry
  • Place and date: At Vicksburg, Miss., 22 May 1863
  • Entered service at: Lemont, Ill.
  • Date of issue: 2 September 1893

Citation: Gallantry in the charge of the "volunteer storming party."

WARFEL, HENRY C.

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company A, 1st Pennsylvania Cavalry
  • Place and date: At Paines Crossroads, Va., 5 April 1865
  • Date of issue: 3 May 1865

Citation: Capture of Virginia State colors.

WARREN, DAVID

  • Rank and organization: Coxswain, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: New York
  • G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864

Citation: Served as coxswain on board the U.S.S. Monticello during the reconnaissance of the harbor and water defenses of Wilmington, N.C., 23 to 25 June 1864. Taking part in a reconnaissance of enemy defenses which lasted 2 days and nights, Warren courageously carried out his duties during this action which resulted in the capture of a mail carrier and mail, the cutting of a telegraph wire, and the capture of a large group of prisoners. Although in immediate danger from the enemy, Warren showed gallantry and coolness throughout this action which resulted in the gaining of much vital information of the rebel defenses.

WARREN, FRANCIS E.

  • Rank and organization: Corporal, Company C, 49th Massachusetts Infantry
  • Place and date: At Port Hudson, La., 27 May 1863
  • Entered service at: Hinsdale, Mass.
  • Date of issue: 30 September 1893

Citation: Volunteered in response to a call, and took part in the movement that was made upon the enemy's works under a heavy fire therefrom in advance of the general assault.

WEBB, ALEXANDER S.

  • Rank and organization: Brigadier General, U.S. Volunteers
  • Place and date: At Gettysburg, Pa., 3 July 1863
  • Entered service at: New York, N.Y.
  • Date of issue: 28 September 1891

Citation: Distinguished personal gallantry in leading his men forward at a critical period in the contest.

WEBB, JAMES

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company F, 5th New York Infantry
  • Place and date: At Bull Run, Va., 30 August 1862
  • Date of issue: 17 September 1897

Citation: Under heavy fire voluntarily carried information to a battery commander that enabled him to save his guns from capture. Was severely wounded, but refused to go to the hospital and participated in the remainder of the campaign.

WEBBER, ALASON P.

  • Rank and organization: Musician, 86th Illinois Infantry
  • Place and date: At Kenesaw Mountain, Ga., 27 June 1864
  • Entered service at: Illinois
  • Date of issue: 22 June 1896

Citation: Voluntarily joined in a charge against the enemy, which was repulsed, and by his rapid firing in the face of the enemy enabled many of the wounded to return to the Federal lines; with others, held the advance of the enemy while temporary works were being constructed.

WEBSTER, HENRY S.

  • Rank and organization: Landsman, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: New York
  • G.O. No.: 49, 22 June 1865

Citation: On board the U.S.S. Susquehanna during the assault on Fort Fisher, 15 January 1865. When enemy fire halted the attempt by his landing party to enter the fort and more than two-thirds of the men fell back along the open beach, Webster voluntarily remained with one of his wounded officers, under fire, until aid could be obtained to bring him to the rear.

WEEKS, CHARLES H.

  • Rank and organization: Captain of the Foretop, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: New Jersey
  • G.O. No.: 84, 3 October 1867

Citation: Served as captain of the foretop on board the U.S.S. Montauk, 21 September 1864. During the night of 21 September, when fire was discovered in the magazine lightroom of that vessel, causing a panic and demoralizing the crew, Weeks, notwithstanding the cry of "fire in the magazine," displayed great presence of mind and rendered valuable service in extinguishing the flames which were imperiling the ship and the men on board.

WEEKS, JOHN H.

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company H, 152d New York Infantry
  • Place and date: At Spotsylvania, Va., 12 May 1864
  • Entered service at: Hartwick Seminary, N.Y.
  • Date of issue: 1 December 1864

Citation: Capture of flag and color bearer using an empty cocked rifle while outnumbered 5 or 6.

WEIR, HENRY C.

  • Rank and organization: Captain and Assistant Adjutant General, U.S. Volunteers
  • Place and date: At St. Mary's Church, Va., 24 June 1864
  • Date of issue: 18 Nay 1899

Citation: The division being hard pressed and falling back, this officer dismounted, gave his horse to a wounded officer, and thus enabled him to escape. Afterwards, on foot, Captain Weir rallied and took command of some stragglers and helped to repel the last charge of the enemy.

WELCH, GEORGE W.

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company A, 11th Missouri Infantry
  • Place and date: At Nashville, Tenn., 16 December 1864
  • Entered service at: Keokuk, Lee County, Iowa
  • Date of issue: 24 February 1965

Citation: Captured the flag of the 13th Alabama Infantry (C.S.A.).

WELCH, RICHARD

  • Rank and organization: Corporal, Company E, 37th Massachusetts Infantry
  • Place and date: At Petersburg, Va., 2 April 1865
  • Entered service at: Williamstown, Mass.
  • Date of issue: 10 May 1865

Citation: Capture of flag.

WELCH, STEPHEN

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company C, 154th New York Infantry
  • Place and date: At Dug Gap, Ga., 8 May 1864
  • Entered service at: Allegany, Cattaraugus County, N.Y.
  • Date of issue: 13 April 1894

Citation: Risked his life in rescuing a wounded comrade under fire of the enemy.

*WELLS, HENRY S.

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company C, 148th New York Infantry
  • Place and date: At Chapins Farm, Va., 29 September 1864
  • Entered service at: Phelps, N.Y.
  • Date of issue: 6 April 1865

Citation: With 2 comrades, took position in advance of the skirmish line, within short distance of the enemy's gunners, and drove them from their guns.

WELLS, THOMAS M.

  • Rank and organization: Chief Bugler, 6th New York Cavalry
  • Place and date: At Cedar Creek, Va., 19 October 1864
  • Entered service at: DeKalb, N.Y.
  • Date of issue: 26 October 1864

Citation: Capture of colors of 44th Georgia Infantry (C.S.A.).

WELLS, WILLIAM

  • Rank and organization: Major, 1st Vermont Cavalry
  • Place and date: At Gettysburg, Pa., 3 July 1863
  • Entered service at: Waterbury, Vt.
  • Date of issue: 8 September 1891

Citation: Led the second battalion of his regiment in a daring charge.

WELLS, WILLIAM

  • Rank and organization: Quartermaster, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: New York
  • G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864

Citation: As landsman and lookout on board the U.S.S. Richmond during action against rebel forts and gunboats and with the ram Tennessee in Mobile Bay, 5 August 1864. Despite damage to his ship the loss of several men on board as enemy fire raked her decks, Wells performed his duties with skill and courage throughout a furious 2-hour battle which resulted in the surrender of the rebel ram Tennessee and in the damaging and destruction of batteries at Fort Morgan.

WELSH, EDWARD

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company D, 54th Ohio Infantry
  • Place and date: At Vicksburg, Miss., 22 May 1863
  • Entered service at: Cincinnati, Ohio
  • Date of issue: 11 May 1894

Citation: Gallantry in the charge of the "volunteer storming party."

WELSH, JAMES

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company E, 4th Rhode Island Infantry
  • Place and date: At Petersburg, Va., 30 July 1864
  • Entered service at: Slatersville, R.I.
  • Date of issue: 3 June 1905

Citation: Bore off the regimental colors after the color sergeant had been wounded and the color corporal bearing the colors killed thereby saving the colors from capture.

WESTERHOLD, WILLIAM

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company G, 52d New York Infantry
  • Place and date: At Spotsylvania, Va., 12 May 1864
  • Date of issue: 1 December 1864

Citation: Capture of flag of 23d Virginia Infantry (C.S.A.).

WESTON, JOHN F.

  • Rank and organization: Major, 4th Kentucky Cavalry
  • Place and date: Near Wetumpka, Ala., 13 April 1865
  • Entered service at: Kentucky
  • Date of issue: 9 April 1898

Citation: This officer, with a small detachment, while en route to destroy steamboats loaded with supplies for the enemy, was stopped by an unfordable river, but with 5 of his men swam the river, captured 2 leaky canoes, and ferried his men across. He then encountered and defeated the enemy, and on reaching Wetumpka found the steamers anchored in midstream. By a ruse obtained possession of a boat, with which he reached the steamers and demanded and received their surrender.

WHEATON, LOYD

  • Rank and organization: Lieutenant Colonel, 8th Illinois Infantry
  • Place and date: At Fort Blakely, Ala., 9 April 1865
  • Entered service at: Illinois
  • Date of issue: 16 January 1894

Citation: Led the right wing of his regiment, and, springing through an embrasure, was the first to enter the enemy's works, against a strong fire of artillery and infantry.

WHEELER, DANIEL D.

  • Rank and organization: First Lieutenant, Company G, 4th Vermont Infantry
  • Place and date: At Salem Heights, Va., 3 May 1863
  • Entered service at: Cavendish, Vt.
  • Date of issue: 28 March 1892

Citation: Distinguished bravery in action where he was wounded and had a horse shot from under him.

WHEELER, HENRY W.

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company A, 2d Maine Infantry
  • Place and date: At Bull Run, Va., 21 July 1861
  • Entered service at: Bangor, Maine
  • Date of issue: 5 April 1898

Citation: Voluntarily accompanied his commanding officer and assisted in removing the dead and wounded from the field under a heavy fire of artillery and musketry.

WHERRY, WILLIAM M.

  • Rank and organization: First Lieutenant, Company D, 3d U.S. Reserve Missouri Infantry
  • Place and date: At Wilsons Creek, Mo., 10 August 1861
  • Entered service at: St. Louis, Mo.
  • Date of issue: 30 October 1895

Citation: Displayed conspicuous coolness and heroism in rallying troops that were recoiling under heavy fire.

WHITAKER, EDWARD W.

  • Rank and organization: Captain, Company E, 1st Connecticut Cavalry
  • Place and date: At Reams Station, Va., 29 June 1864
  • Entered service at: Ashford, Conn.
  • Date of issue: 2 April 1898

Citation: While acting as an aide voluntarily carried dispatches from the commanding general to Gen. Meade, forcing his way with a single troop of Cavalry, through an Infantry division of the enemy in the most distinguished manner, though he lost half his escort.

WHITE, ADAM

  • Rank and organization: Corporal, Company G, 11th West Virginia Infantry
  • Place and date: At Hatchers Run, Va., 2 April 1865
  • Entered service at: Parkersburg, W. Va.
  • Date of issue: 13 June 1865

Citation: Capture of flag.

WHITE, J. HENRY

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company A, 90th Pennsylvania Infantry
  • Place and date: At Rappanhannock Station, Va., 23 August 1862
  • Date of issue: 5 May 1900

Citation: At the imminent risk of his life, crawled to a nearby spring within the enemy's range and exposed to constant fire filled a large number of canteens, and returned in safety to the relief of his comrades who were suffering from want of water.

WHITE, JOSEPH

  • Rank and organization: Captain of the Gun, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: Pennsylvania
  • G.O. No.: 59, 22 June 1865

Citation: White served on board the U.S.S. New Ironsides during action in several attacks on Fort Fisher, 24 and 25 December 1864; and 13,14, and 15 January 1865. The ship steamed in and took the lead in the ironclad division close inshore and immediately opened its starboard battery in a barrage of well-directed fire to cause several fires and explosions and dismount several guns during the first 2 days of fighting. Taken under fire as she steamed into position on 13 January, the New Ironsides fought all day and took on ammunition at night despite severe weather conditions. When the enemy came out of his bombproofs to defend the fort against the storming party, the ships battery disabled nearly every gun on the fort facing the shore before the ceasefire order was given by the flagship.

WHITE, PATRICK H.

  • Rank and organization: Captain, Chicago Mercantile Battery, Illinois Light Artillery
  • Place and date: At Vicksburg, Miss., 22 May 1863
  • Entered service at: Chicago, Ill.
  • Date of issue: 15 January 1895

Citation: Carried with others by hand a cannon up to and fired it through an embrasure of the enemy's works.

WHITEHEAD, JOHN M.

  • Rank and organization: Chaplain, 15th Indiana Infantry
  • Place and date: At Stone River, Tenn., 31 December 1862
  • Entered service at: Westville, Ind.
  • Date of issue: 4 April 1898

Citation: Went to the front during a desperate contest and unaided carried to the rear several wounded and helpless soldiers.

WHITFIELD, DANIEL

  • Rank and organization: Quartermaster, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: New Jersey
  • G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864

Citation: Serving as quartermaster on board the U.S.S. Lackawanna during successful attacks against Fort Morgan, rebel gunboats and the rebel ram Tennessee in Mobile Bay, 5 August 1864. Acting as captain of a gun, Whitfield coolly stood by his gun, holding on to the lock string and waited alongside the rebel ram Tennessee until able to fire the shot that entered her port. Whitfield courageously carried out his duties during the prolonged action which resulted in the capture of the prize ram Tennessee and in the damaging and destruction of Fort Morgan.

WHITMAN, FRANK M.

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company G, 35th Massachusetts Infantry
  • Place and date: At Antietam, Md., 17 September 1862. At Spotsylvania, Va., 18 May 1864
  • Entered service at: Ayersville, Mass.
  • Date of issue: 21 February 1874

Citation: Was among the last to leave the field at Antietam and was instrumental in saving the lives of several of his comrades at the imminent risk of his own. At Spotsylvania was foremost in line in the assault, where he lost a leg.

WHITMORE, JOHN

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company F, 119th Illinois Infantry
  • Place and date: At Ft. Blakely, Ala., 9 April 1865
  • Entered service at: Camden, Schuyler County, Ill.
  • Date of issue: 8 June 1865

Citation: Capture of flag.

WHITNEY, WILLIAM G.

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company B, 11th Michigan Infantry
  • Place and date: At Chickamauga, Ga., 20 September 1863
  • Entered service at: Quincy, Mich.
  • Date of issue: 21 October 1895

Citation: As the enemy were about to charge, this officer went outside the temporary Union works among the dead and wounded enemy and at great exposure to himself cut off and removed their cartridge boxes, bringing the same within the Union lines, the ammunition being used with good effect in again repulsing the attack.

WHITTIER, EDWARD N.

  • Rank and organization: First Lieutenant, 5th Battery, Maine Light Artillery
  • Place and date: At Fishers Hill, Va., 22 September 1864
  • Entered service at: Gorham, Maine
  • Date of issue: 13 January 1892

Citation: While acting as assistant adjutant general, Artillery brigade, 6th Army Corps, went over the enemy's works, mounted, with the assaulting column, to gain quicker possession of the guns and to turn them upon the enemy.

WIDICK, ANDREW J.

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company B, 116th Illinois Infantry
  • Place and date: At Vicksburg, Miss., 22 May 1863
  • Entered service at: Decatur, Macon County, Ill.
  • Date of issue: 11 August 1894

Citation: Gallantry in the charge of the "volunteer storming party."

WILCOX, FRANKLIN L.

  • Rank and organization: Ordinary Seaman, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: New York
  • G.O. No.: 59, 22 June 1865

Citation: On board the U.S.S. Minnesota in action during the assault on Fort Fisher, 15 January 1865. Landing on the beach with the assaulting party from his ship, Wilcox advanced to the top of the sandhill and partly through the breach in the palisades despite enemy fire which killed and wounded many officers and men. When more than two-thirds of the men became seized with panic and retreated on the run, he remained with the party until dark when it came safely away, bringing its wounded, its arms and its colors.

WILCOX, WILLIAM H.

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company G, 9th New Hampshire Infantry
  • Place and date: At Spotsylvania, Va., 12 May 1864
  • Entered service at: Lempster, N.H.
  • Date of issue: 28 July 1896

Citation: Took command of his company, deployed as skirmishers, after the officers in command of the skirmish line had both been wounded, conducting himself gallantly; afterwards, becoming separated from command, he asked and obtained permission to fight in another company.

WILEY, JAMES

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company B, 59th New York Infantry
  • Place and date: At Gettysburg, Pa., 3 July 1863
  • Date of issue: 1 December 1864

Citation: Capture of flag of a Georgia regiment.

WILHELM, GEORGE

  • Rank and organization: Captain, Company F, 56th Ohio Infantry
  • Place and date: At Champion Hill, or Bakers Creek, Miss., 16 May 1863
  • Entered service at: Lancaster, Ohio
  • Date of issue: 17 November 1887

Citation: Having been badly wounded in the breast and captured, he made a prisoner of his captor and brought him into camp.

WILKES, HENRY

  • Rank and organization: Landsman, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: New York
  • G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864

Citation: Wilkes served on board U.S. Picket Boat No. 1 in action, 27 October 1864, against the Confederate Ram, Albemarle, which had resisted repeated attacks by our steamers and had kept a large force of vessels employed in watching her. The picket boat, equipped with a spar torpedo, succeeded in passing the enemy pickets within 20 yards without being discovered and them made for the Albemarle under a full head of steam. Immediately taken under fire by the ram, the small boat plunged on, jumped the log boom which encircled the target and exploded its torpedo under the port bow of the ram. The picket boat was destroyed by enemy fire and almost the entire crew taken prisoner or lost.

WILKES, PERRY

  • Rank and organization: Pilot, U.S. Navy
  • Entered service at: Indiana
  • G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864

Citation: Served as pilot on board the U.S.S. Signal, Red River, 5 May 1864. Proceeding up the Red River, the U.S.S. Signal engaged a large force of enemy field batteries and sharpshooters, returning their fire until the ship was totally disabled, at which time the white flag was ordered raised. Acting as pilot throughout the battle, Wilkes stood by his wheel until it was disabled in his hands by a bursting enemy shell.

WILKINS, LEANDER A.

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company H, 9th New Hampshire Infantry
  • Place and date: At Petersburg, Va., 30 July 1864
  • Date of issue: 1 December 1864

Citation: Recaptured the colors of 21st Massachusetts Infantry in a hand-to-hand encounter.

WILLCOX, ORLANDO B.

  • Rank and organization: Colonel, 1st Michigan Infantry
  • Place and date: At Bull Run, Va., 21 July 1861
  • Entered service at: Detroit, Mich.
  • Date of issue: 2 March 1895

Citation: Led repeated charges until wounded and taken prisoner.

WILLIAMS, ANTHONY

  • Rank and organization: Sailmaker's Mate, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: Maine
  • G.O. No.: 59, 22 June 1865

Citation: Served as sailmaker's mate on board the U.S.S. Pontoosuc during the capture of Fort Fisher and Wilmington, 24 December 1864 to 22 February 1865. Carrying out his duties faithfully throughout this period, Williams was recommended for gallantry and skill and for his cool courage while under the fire of the enemy throughout these various actions.

WILLIAMS, AUGUSTUS

  • Rank and organization: Seaman, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: Massachusetts
  • G.O. No: 59, 22 June 1865

Citation: On board the U.S.S. Santiago de Cuba during the assault by the fleet on Fort Fisher, on 15 January 1865. When the landing party to which he was attached charged on the fort with a cheer, and with determination to plant their colors on the ramparts, Williams remained steadfast when they reached the foot of the fort and more than two-thirds of the marines and sailors fell back in panic. Taking cover when the enemy concentrated his fre on the remainder of the group, he alone remained with his executive officer, subsequently withdrawing from the field after dark.

WILLIAMS, ELWOOD N.

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company A, 28th Illinois Infantry
  • Place and date: At Shiloh, Tenn., 6 April 1862
  • Entered service at: Havanna, Ill.
  • Date of issue: 28 September 1897

Citation: A box of ammunition having been abandoned between the lines, this soldier voluntarily went forward with one companion, under a heavy fire from both armies, secured the box, and delivered it within the line of his regiment, his companion being mortally wounded.

WILLIAMS, GEORGE C.

  • Rank and organization: Quartermaster Sergeant, 1st Battalion, 14th U.S. Infantry
  • Place and date: At Gaines Mill, Va., 27 June 1862
  • Date of issue: 28 August 1897

Citation: While on duty with the wagon train as quartermaster sergeant he voluntarily left his place of safety in the rear, joined a company, and fought with distinguished gallantry through the action.

WILLIAMS, JOHN

  • Rank and organization: Boatswain's Mate, U.S. Navy
  • Entered service at: New York, N.Y.
  • G.O. No: 17, 10 July 1863

Citation: Captain of an 11-inch gun aboard the U.S.S. Mohican during action of the main squadron of ships against the heavily defended Forts Beauregard and Walker on Hilton Head, and against ships of the Confederate Fleet, 7 November 1861. Cool and courageous at his battle station, Williams maintained steady fire against the enemy while under the fort batteries during a 4-hour engagement which resulted in silencing the batteries of the forts and in the rout of the rebel steamers.

WILLIAMS, JOHN

  • Rank and organization: Captain of the Maintop, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: Louisiana
  • G.O. No.: 11, 3 April 1863

Citation: Serving as captain of the maintop of the U.S.S. Pawnee in the attack upon Mathias Point, 26 June 1861, Williams told his men, while lying off in the boat, that every man must die on his thwart sooner than leave a man behind. Although wounded by a musket ball in the thigh he retained the charge of his boat; and when the staff was shot away, held the stump in his hand, with the flag, until alongside the Freeborn.

WILLIAMS, JOHN

  • Rank and organization: Seaman, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: Pennsylvania
  • G.O. No.: 11, 3 April 1863

Citation: On board the U.S.S. Commodore Perry in the attack upon Franklin, Va., 3 October 1862. With enemy fire raking the deck of his ship and blockades thwarting her progress, Williams remained at his post and performed his duties with skill and courage as the Commodore Perry fought a gallant battle to silence many rebel batteries as she steamed down the Blackwater River.

WILLIAMS, LE ROY

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company G, 8th New York Heavy Artillery
  • Place and date: At Cold Harbor, Va., 3 June 1864
  • Date of issue: 1 April 1898

Citation: Voluntarily exposed himself to the fire of the enemy's sharpshooters and located the body of his colonel who had been killed close to the enemy's lines. Under cover of darkness, with 4 companions, he recovered the body and brought it within the Union lines, having approached within a few feet of the Confederate pickets while so engaged.

WILLIAMS, PETER

  • Rank and organization: Seaman, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: Pennsylvania
  • G.O. No.: 11, 3 April 1863

Citation: Serving on board the U.S.S. Ironclad Steamer Monitor, Hampton Roads, 9 March 1862. During the engagement between the U.S.S. Monitor and the C.S.S. Merrimack, Williams gallantly served throughout the engagement as quartermaster, piloting the Monitor throughout the battle in which the Merrimack, after being damaged, retired from the scene of the battle.

WILLIAMS, ROBERT

  • Rank and organization: Signal Quartermaster, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: New York
  • G.O. No.: 11, 3 April 1863

Citation: Serving as quartermaster on board the U.S.S. Benton during the Yazoo River Expedition, 23 to 27 December 1862. Taking part in the hour-and-a-half engagement with the enemy at Drumgould's Bluff, 27 December, Williams served courageously throughout that battle against hostile forces in which the enemy had the dead range of the vessel and were punishing her with heavy fire and, for various other action in which he took part during the Yazoo River Expedition.

WILLIAMS, WILLIAM

  • Rank and organization: Landsman, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: Pennsylvania
  • G.O. No.: 32, 16 April 1864

Citation: On board the U.S.S. Lehigh, Charleston Harbor, 16 November 1863, during the hazardous task of freeing the Lehigh, which had been grounded, and was under heavy enemy fire from Fort Moultrie. After several previous attempts had been made, Williams succeeded in passing in a small boat from the Lehigh to the Nahant with a line bent on a hawser. This courageous action while under severe enemy fire enabled the Lehigh to be freed from her helpless position.

WILLIAMS, WILLIAM H.

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company C, 82d Ohio Infantry
  • Place and date: At Peach Tree Creek, Ga., 20 July 1864
  • Entered service at: Miami County, Ohio
  • Date of issue: 19 June 1894

Citation: Voluntarily went beyond the lines to observe the enemy; also aided a wounded comrade.

WILLIAMSON, JAMES A.

  • Rank and organization: Colonel, 4th Iowa Infantry
  • Place and date: At Chickasaw Bayou, Miss., 29 December 1862
  • Entered service at: Des Moines, Iowa
  • Date of issue: 17 January 1895

Citation: Led his regiment against a superior force, strongly entrenched, and held his ground when all support had been withdrawn.

WILLIS, RICHARD

  • Rank and organization: Coxswain, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: Pennsylvania
  • G.O. No.: 59, 22 June 1865

Citation: Willis served on board the U.S.S. New Ironsides during action in several attacks on Fort Fisher, 24 and 25 December 1864; and 13, 14 and 15 January 1865. The ship steamed in and took the lead in the ironclad division close inshore and immediately opened its starboard battery in a barrage of well-directed fire to cause several fires and explosions and dismount several guns during the first 2 days of fighting. Taken under fire as she steamed into position on 13 January, the New Ironsides fought all day and took on ammunition at night, despite severe weather conditions. When the enemy troops came out of their bombproofs to defend the fort against the storming party, the ship's battery disabled nearly every gun on the fort facing the shore before the ceasefire order was given by the flagship.

WILLISTON, EDWARD B.

  • Rank and organization: First Lieutenant, 2d U.S. Artillery
  • Place and date: At Trevilian Station, Va., 12 June 1864
  • Entered service at: San Francisco, Calif.
  • Date of issue: 6 April 1892

Citation: Distinguished gallantry.

WILSON, CHARLES E.

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company A, 1st New Jersey Cavalry
  • Place and date: At Sailors Creek, Va., 6 April 1865
  • Date of issue: 3 July 1865

Citation: Charged the enemy's works, colors in hand, and had 2 horses shot from under him.

WILSON, CHRISTOPHER W.

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company E, 73d New York Infantry
  • Place and date: At Spotsylvania. Va., 12 May 1864
  • Entered service at: West Meriden, Conn.
  • Date of issue: 30 December 1898

Citation: Took the flag from the wounded color bearer and carried it in the charge over the Confederate works, in which charge he also captured the colors of the 56th Virginia (C.S.A.) bringing off both flags in safety.

WILSON, FRANCIS A.

  • Rank and organization: Corporal, Company B, 95th Pennsylvania Infantry
  • Place and date: At Petersburg, Va., 2 April 1865
  • Entered service at: Philadelphia Pa.
  • Date of issue: 25 June 1880

Citation: Was among the first to penetrate the enemy's lines and himself captured a gun of the 2 batteries captured.

WILSON, JOHN

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company L, 1st New Jersey Cavalry
  • Place and date: At Chamberlains Creek, Va., 31 March 1865
  • Entered service at: Jersey City, N.J.
  • Date of issue: 3 July 1865

Citation: With the assistance of one comrade, headed off the advance of the enemy, shooting 2 of his color bearers; also posted himself between the enemy and the lead horses of his own command, thus saving the herd from capture.

WILSON, JOHN A.

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company C, 21st Ohio Infantry
  • Place and date: Georgia, April 1862
  • Entered service at: Wood County, Ohio
  • Date of issue: September 1863

Citation: One of the 19 of 22 men (including 2 civilians) who, by direction of Gen. Mitchell (or Buell), penetrated nearly 200 miles south into enemy territory and captured a railroad train at Big Shanty, Ga., and attempted to destroy the bridges and track between Chattanooga and Atlanta.

WILSON, JOHN M.

  • Rank and organization: First Lieutenant, U.S. Engineers
  • Place and date: At Malvern Hill, Va., 6 August 1862
  • Entered service at: Washington Territory
  • Date of issue: 3 July 1897

Citation: Remained on duty, while suffering from an acute illness and very weak, and participated in the action of that date. A few days previous he had been transferred to a staff corps, but preferred to remain until the close of the campaign, taking part in several actions.

WINEGAR, WILLIAM W.

  • Rank and organization: Lieutenant, Company B, 19th New York Cavalry ( 1st New York Dragoons)
  • Place and date: At Five Forks, Va., 1 April 1865
  • Date of issue: 3 May 1865

Citation: While advancing in front of his company and alone, he found himself surrounded by the enemy. He accosted a nearby enemy flag-bearer demanding the surrender of the group. His effective firing of one shot so demoralized the unit that it surrendered with flag.

WISNER, LEWIS S.

  • Rank and organization: First Lieutenant, Company K. 124th New York Infantry
  • Place and date: At Spotsylvania, Va., 12 May 1864
  • Entered service at: Wallkill, Orange County, N.Y.
  • Date of issue: 2 January 1895

Citation: While serving as an engineer officer voluntarily exposed himself to the enemy's fire.

WITHINGTON, WILLIAM H.

  • Rank and organization: Captain, Company B, 1st Michigan Infantry
  • Place and date: At Bull Run, Va., 21 July 1861.-
  • Entered service at: Jackson, Mich.
  • Date of issue: 7 January 1895

Citation: Remained on the field under heavy fire to succor his superior officer.

WOLLAM, JOHN

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company C, 33d Ohio Infantry
  • Place and date: Georgia, April 1862
  • Entered service at: Jackson, Jackson County, Ohio
  • Date of issue: 20 July 1864

Citation: One of the 19 of 22 men (including 2 civilians), who, by direction of Gen. Mitchell (or Buell), penetrated nearly 200 miles south into enemy territory and captured a railroad train at Big Shanty, Ga., and attempted to destroy the bridges and track between Chattanooga and Atlanta.

WOOD, H. CLAY

  • Rank and organization: First Lieutenant, 11th U.S. Infantry
  • Place and date: At Wilsons Creek, Mo., 10 August 1861
  • Entered service at: Winthrop, Maine
  • Date of issue: 28 October 1893

Citation: Distinguished gallantry.

WOOD, MARK

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company C, 21st Ohio Infantry
  • Place and date: Georgia, April 1862
  • Entered service at: Portage, Ohio
  • Date of issue: September 1863

Citation: One of the 19 of 22 men (including 2 civilians), who, by direction of Gen. Mitchell (or Buell), penetrated nearly 200 miles south into enemy territory and captured a railroad train at Big Shanty, Ga., and attempted to destroy the bridges and track between Chattanooga and Atlanta.

WOOD, RICHARD H.

  • Rank and organization: Captain, Company A, 97th Illinois Infantry
  • Place and date: At Vicksburg, Miss., 22 May 1863
  • Entered service at: Woodburn, Macoupin County, Ill.
  • Date of issue: 12 December 1895

Citation: Led the "volunteer storming party," which made a most gallant assault upon the enemy's works.

WOOD, ROBERT B.

  • Rank and organization: Coxswain, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: Ohio
  • G.O. No.: 17, 10 July 1863

Citation: Attached to the U.S.S. Minnesota and temporarily serving on the U.S.S. Mount Washington, during action against the enemy in the Nansemond River, 14 April 1863. When the U.S.S. Mount Washington drifted against the bank and all men were driven from the decks by escaping steam following several successive hits which struck her boilers and stopped her engines, Wood boarded the stricken vessel and, despite a strike on the head by a spent ball, continued at his gun for 6 hours as fierce artillery and musketry continued to rake her decks.

WOODALL, WILLIAM H.

  • Rank and organization: Civilian scout, U.S. Army, Major General Philip H. Sheridan's Headquarters, during Civil War
  • Place and date: Virginia, Appomattox campaign, Sailors Creek, March 29 to April 9, 1865
  • Entered service at Winchester, Virginia
  • Date of issue: 25 April 1865. Place: Washington, D.C., 3 May 1865
  • Note: Was Chief Civilian Scout for Major General Philip H. Sheridan's Cavalry Corps, which consisted of VI and XIX Corps

Citation: Captured flag of Brigadier General Rufus Barringer's headquarters brigade.

(In 1916, the general review of all Medals of Honor deemed 900 unwarranted. This recipient was one of them. In June 1989, the U.S. Army Board of Correction of Records restored the medal to this recipient.)

WOODBURY, ERI D.

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company E, 1st Vermont Cavalry
  • Place and date: At Cedar Creek, Va., 19 October 1864
  • Entered service at: St. Johnsbury, Vt.
  • Date of issue: 26 October 1864

Citation: During the regiment's charge when the enemy was in retreat Sgt. Woodbury encountered 4 Confederate infantrymen retreating. He drew his saber and ordered them to surrender, overcoming by his determined actions their willingness to further resist. They surrendered to him together with their rifles and 12th North Carolina (C.S.A.) regimental flag.

WOODRUFF, ALONZO

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company I, 1st U.S. Sharpshooters
  • Place and date: At Hatchers Run, Va., 27 October 1864
  • Entered service at: Ionia, Mich.
  • Date of issue: 29 January 1896

Citation: Went to the assistance of a wounded and overpowered comrade, and in a hand-to-hand encounter effected his rescue.

WOODRUFF, CARLE A.

  • Rank and organization: First Lieutenant, 2d U.S. Artillery
  • Place and date: At Newbys Crossroads, Va., 24 July 1863
  • Entered service at: Washington, D.C.
  • Date of issue: 1 September 1893

Citation: While in command of a section of a battery constituting a portion of the rear guard of a division then retiring before the advance of a corps of Infantry was attacked by the enemy and ordered to abandon his guns. Lt. Woodruff disregarded the orders received and aided in repelling the attack and saving the guns.

WOODS, DANIEL A.

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company K, 1st Virginia Cavalry
  • Place and date: At Sailors Creek, Va., 6 April 1865
  • Date of issue: 3 May 1865

Citation: Capture of flag of 18th Florida Infantry (C.S.A.).

WOODS, SAMUEL

  • Rank and organization: Seaman, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: California
  • G.O. No.: 17, 10 July 1863

Citation: As captain of the gun, serving temporarily on board the U.S.S. Mount Washington, during the Nansemond River action, 14 April 1863. When one of his comrades was struck by a bullet and knocked overboard, Woods fearlessly jumped into the water and swam after him. Before he reached him, the man sank beneath the surface and Woods promptly swam back to the vessel, went to his gun, and fought it to the close of the action. At the close of the battle, he tirelessly cared for the wounded.

WOODWARD, EVAN M.

  • Rank and organization: First Lieutenant and Adjutant, 2d Pennsylvania Reserve Infantry
  • Place and date: At Fredericksburg, Va., 13 December 1862
  • Date of issue: 14 December 1894

Citation: Advanced between the lines, demanded and received the surrender of the 19th Georgia Infantry and captured their battle flag.

WOON, JOHN

  • Rank and organization: Boatswain's Mate, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: New York
  • G.O. No.: 17, 10 July 1863

Citation: Serving on board the U.S.S. Pittsburg, Mississippi River, 29 April 1863. Engaging the enemy batteries at Grand Gulf, the U.S.S. Pittsburg, although severely damaged and suffering many personnel casualties, continued to fire her batteries until ordered to withdraw. Taking part in a similar action after nightfall, the U.S.S. Pittsburg received further damage, but receiving no personnel casualities in the latter action. Woon showed courage and devotion to duty throughout these bitter engagements.

WORAM, CHARLES B.

  • Rank and organization: Seaman, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: New York
  • G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864

Citation: Served on board the U.S.S. Oneida in the engagement at Mobile Bay, 5 August 1864. Acting as an aid to the executive officer, Woram carried orders intelligently and correctly, distinguishing himself by his cool courage throughout the battle which resulted in the capture of the rebel ram Tennessee and the damaging of Fort Morgan.

WORTICK (WERTICK), JOSEPH

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company A, 8th Missouri Infantry
  • Place and date: At Vicksburg, Miss., 22 May 1863
  • Entered service at: Hannibal, Mo.
  • Date of issue: 14 July 1894

Citation: Gallantry in the charge of the "volunteer storming party."

WRAY, WILLIAM J.

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company K, 1st Veteran Reserve Corps
  • Place and date: At Fort Stevens, D.C., 12 July 1864
  • Date of issue: 15 December 1892

Citation: Rallied the company at a critical moment during a change of position under fire.

WRIGHT, ALBERT D.

  • Rank and organization: Captain, Company G, 43d U.S. Colored Troops
  • Place and date: At Petersburg, Va., 30 July 1864
  • Date of issue: 1 May 1893

Citation: Advanced beyond the enemy's lines, capturing a stand of colors and its color guard; was severely wounded.

WRIGHT, EDWARD

  • Rank and organization: Quartermaster, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: New York
  • G.O. No.: 11, 3 April 1863

Citation: On board the U.S.S. Cayuga during the capture of Forts St. Philip and Jackson and the taking of New Orleans, 24 and 25 April 1862. As his ship led the advance column toward the barrier and both forts opened fire simultaneously, striking the vessel from stem to stern Wright conscientiously performed his duties throughout the action in which attempts by 3 rebel steamers to butt and board were repelled, and the ships driven off or forced to surrender. Eleven gunboats were successfully engaged and the enemy garrisons captured during this battle in which the Cayuga sustained 46 hits.

WRIGHT, ROBERT

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company G, 14th U.S. Infantry
  • Place and date: At Chapel House, Farm, Va., 1 October 1864
  • Entered service at: Woodstock, Conn.
  • Date of issue: 25 November 1869

Citation: Gallantry in action.

WRIGHT, SAMUEL

  • Rank and organization: Corporal, Company H, 2d Minnesota Infantry
  • Place and date: At Nolensville, Tenn., 15 February 1863
  • Entered service at: Swan Lake, Minn.
  • Date of issue: 11 September 1897

Citation: Was one of a detachment of 16 men who heroically defended a wagon train against the attack of 125 cavalry, repulsed the attack and saved the train.

WRIGHT, SAMUEL C.

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company E, 29th Massachusetts Infantry
  • Place and date: At Antietam, Md., 17 September 1862
  • Entered service at: Plympton, Mass.
  • Date of issue: 29 January 1896

Citation: Voluntarily advanced under a destructive fire and removed a fence which would have impeded a contemplated charge.

WRIGHT, WILLIAM

  • Rank and organization: Yoeman, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: Maryland
  • G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864

Citation: Served as yeoman on board the U.S.S. Monticello during the reconnaissance of the harbor and water defenses of Wilmington, N.C., 23 to 25 June 1864. Taking part in a reconnaissance of enemy defenses which covered a period of 2 days and nights, Wright courageously carried out his cutting of a telegraph wire and the capture of a large group of prisoners. Although in immediate danger from the enemy at all times, Wright showed gallantry and coolness throughout this action which resulted in the gaining of much vital information of the rebel defenses.

YEAGER, JACOB F.

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company H, 101st Ohio Infantry
  • Place and date: At Buzzard's Roost, Ga., 11 May 1864
  • Entered service at: Tiffin, Ohio
  • Date of issue: 3 August 1897

Citation: Seized a shell with fuze burning that had fallen in the ranks of his company and threw it into a stream, thereby probably saving his comrades from injury.

YOUNG, ANDREW J.

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company F, 1st Pennsylvania Cavalry
  • Place and date: At Paines Crossroads, Va., 5 April 1865
  • Entered service at: Carmichaelstown, Pa.
  • Date of issue: 3 May 1865

Citation: Capture of flag.

YOUNG, BENJAMIN F.

  • Rank and organization: Corporal, Company I, 1st Michigan Sharpshooters
  • Place and date: At Petersburg, Va., 17 June 1864
  • Entered service at: Canada
  • Date of issue: % December 1864

Citation: Capture of flag of 35th North Carolina Infantry (C.S.A.).

YOUNG, CAVALRY M.

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company L, 3d Iowa Cavalry
  • Place and date: At Osage, Kans., 25 October 1864
  • Entered service at: Hopeville, Clark County, Iowa
  • Date of issue: 4 April 1865

Citation: Gallantry in capturing Gen. Cabell.

YOUNG, EDWARD B.

  • Rank and organization: Coxswain, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: New Jersey
  • G.O. No.: 59, 22 June 1865

Citation: On board the U.S.S. Calena during the attack on enemy forts at Mobile Bay, 5 August 1864. Securely lashed to the side of the Oneida which had suffered the loss of her steering apparatus and an explosion of her boiler from enemy fire, the Calena aided the stricken vessel past the enemy forts to safety. Despite heavy damage to his ship from raking enemy fire, Young performed his duties with skill and courage throughout the action.

YOUNG, HORATIO N.

  • Rank and organization: Seaman, U.S. Navy
  • G.O. No.: 32, 16 April 1864

Citation: On board the U.S.S. Lehigh, Charleston Harbor, 16 November 1863, during the hazardous task of freeing the Lehigh, which had grounded, and was under heavy enemy fire from Fort Moultrie. After several previous attempts had been made, Young succeeded in passing in a small boat from the Lehigh to the Nahant with a line bent on a hawser. This courageous action while under severe enemy fire enabled the Lehigh to be freed from her helpless position.

YOUNG, JAMES M.

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company B, 72d New York Infantry
  • Place and date: At Wilderness. Va., 6 May 1864
  • Entered service at Chautauqua County, N.Y.
  • Date of issue: 2 April 1898

Citation: With 2 companions, voluntarily went forward in the forest to reconnoiter the enemy's position, was fired upon and one of his companions disabled. Pvt. Young took the wounded man upon his back and, under fire, carried him within the Union lines.

YOUNG, WILLIAM

  • Rank and organization: Boatswain's Mate, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: New York
  • G.O. No.: 11, 3 April 1863

Citation: On board the U.S.S. Cayuga during the capture of Forts St. Philip and Jackson and the taking of New Orleans, 24 and 25 April 1862. As his ship led the advance column toward the barrier and both forts opened fire simultaneously, striking the vessel from stem to stern, Young calmly manned a Parrot gun throughout the action in which attempts by three rebel steamers to butt and board were thwarted and the ships driven off or captured, 11 gunboats were successfully engaged and garrisons forced to surrender. During the battle, the Cayuga sustained 46 hits.

YOUNKER, JOHN L.

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company A, 12th U.S. Infantry
  • Place and date: At Cedar Mountain, Va., 9 August 1862
  • Date of issue: 1 November 1893

Citation: voluntarily carried an order, at great risk of life in the face of a fire of grape and canister; in doing this he was wounded.