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Civil War (M-R)
Medal of Honor Recipients

Listed alphabetically:


Note: An asterisk in the citation indicates
that the award was given posthumously.

MacARTHUR, ARTHUR, JR.

  • Rank and organization: First Lieutenant, and Adjutant, 24th Wisconsin Infantry
  • Place and date: At Missionary Ridge, Tenn., 25 November 1863
  • Entered service at: Milwaukee, Wis.
  • Date of issue: 30 June 1890

Citation: Seized the colors of his regiment at a critical moment and planted them on the captured works on the crest of Missionary Ridge.

MACHON, JAMES

  • Rank and organization: Boy, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: New York
  • G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864

Citation: On board the U.S.S. Brooklyn during successful attacks against Fort Morgan, rebel gunboats and the ram Tennessee in Mobile Bay, on 5 August 1864. Stationed in the immediate vicinity of the shell whips which were twice cleared of men by bursting shells, Machon remained steadfast at his post and performed his duties in the powder division throughout the furious action which resulted in the surrender of the prize rebel ram Tennessee and in the damaging and destruction of batteries at Fort Morgan.

MACK, ALEXANDER

  • Rank and organization: Captain of the Top, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: New York
  • G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864

Citation: On board the U.S.S. Brooklyn during successful attacks against Fort Morgan, rebel gunboats and the ram Tennessee in Mobile Bay, on 5 August 1864. Although wounded and sent below for treatment, Mack immediately returned to his post and took charge of his gun and, as heavy enemy return fire continued to fall, performed his duties with skill and courage until he was again wounded and totally disabled.

MACK, JOHN

  • Rank and organization: Seaman, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: Maine
  • G.O. No.: 59, 22 June 1865

Citation: As seaman on board the U.S.S. Hendrick Hudson, St. Marks, Fla., 5 and 6 March 1865, Mack served with the Army in charge of Navy howitzers during the attack on St. Marks and, throughout this fierce engagement, made remarkable efforts in assisting transport of the gun. His coolness and determination in courageously standing by his gun while under the fire of the enemy were a credit to the service to which he belonged.

MACKIE, JOHN F.

  • Rank and organization: Corporal, U.S. Marine Corps
  • Accredited to: New York
  • G.O. No.: 17, 10 July 1863

Citation: On board the U.S.S. Calena in the attack on Fort Darling at Drewry's Bluff, James River, on 15 May 1862. As enemy shellfire raked the deck of his ship, Corporal Mackie fearlessly maintained his musket fire against the rifle pits along the shore and, when ordered to fill vacancies at guns caused by men wounded and killed in action, manned the weapon with skill and courage.

MADDEN, MICHAEL

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company K, 42d New York Infantry
  • Place and date: At Masons Island, Md., 3 September 1861
  • Entered service at: New York, N.Y.
  • Date of issue: 22 March 1898

Citation: Assisted a wounded comrade to the riverbank and, under heavy fire of the enemy, swam with him across a branch of the Potomac to the Union lines.

MADDEN, WILLIAM

  • Rank and organization: Coal Heaver, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: New York
  • G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864

Citation: On board the U.S.S. Brooklyn during the successful attacks against Fort Morgan, rebel gunboats and the ram Tennessee in Mobile Bay, on 5 August 1864. Stationed in the immediate vicinity of the shell whips, which were twice cleared of men by bursting shells, Madden remained steadfast at his post and performed his duties in the powder division throughout the furious action which resulted in the surrender of the prize rebel ram Tennessee and in the damaging and destruction of batteries at Fort Morgan.

MADISON, JAMES

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company E, 8th New York Cavalry
  • Place and date: At Waynesboro, Va., 2 March 1865
  • Entered service at: Fairport, N.Y.
  • Date of issue: 26 March 1865

Citation: Recapture of Gen. Crook's headquarters flag.

MAGEE, WILLIAM

  • Rank and organization: Drummer, Company C, 33d New Jersey Infantry
  • Place and date: At Murfreesboro, Tenn., 5 December 1864
  • Date of issue: 7 February 1866

Citation: In a charge, was among the first to reach a battery of the enemy and, with one or two others, mounted the artillery horses and took two guns into the Union lines.

MAHONEY, JEREMIAH

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company A, 29th Massachusetts Infantry
  • Place and date: At Fort Sanders, Knoxville, Tenn., 29 November 1863
  • Entered service at: Fall River, Mass.
  • Date of issue: 1 December 1864

Citation: Capture of flag of 17th Mississippi Infantry (C.S.A.).

MANDY, HARRY J.

  • Rank and organization: First Sergeant, Company B, 4th New York Cavalry
  • Place and date: At Front Royal, Va., 15 August 1864
  • Entered service at: New York, N.Y.
  • Date of issue: 26 August 1864

Citation: Capture of flag of 3d Virginia Infantry (C.S.A.).

MANGAM, RICHARD C.

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company H, 148th New York Infantry
  • Place and date: At Hatchers Run, Va., 2 April 1865
  • Date of issue: 21 September 1888

Citation: Capture of flag of 8th Mississippi Infantry (C.S.A.).

MANNING, JOSEPH S.

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company K, 29th Massachusetts Infantry
  • Place and date: At Fort Sanders, Knoxville, Tenn., 29 November 1863
  • Date of issue: 1 December 1864

Citation: Capture of flag of 16th Georgia Infantry (C.S.A.).

MARLAND, WILLIAM

  • Rank and organization: First Lieutenant, 2d Independent Battery, Massachusetts Light Artillery
  • Place and date: At Grand Coteau, La., 3 November 1863
  • Date of issue: 16 February 1897

Citation: After having been surrounded by the enemy's cavalry, his support having surrendered, he ordered a charge and saved the section of the battery that was under his command.

MARQUETTE, CHARLES

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company F, 93d Pennsylvania Infantry
  • Place and date: At Petersburg, Va., 2 April 1865
  • Entered service at: Lebanon County, Pa.
  • Date of issue: 10 May 1865

Citation: Sergeant Marquette, although wounded, was one of the first to plant colors on the enemy's breastworks.

MARSH, ALBERT

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company B, 64th New York Infantry
  • Place and date: At Spotsylvania, Va., 12 May 1864
  • Entered service at: Randolph, N.Y.
  • Date of issue: 1 December 1864

Citation: Capture of flag.

MARSH, CHARLES H.

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company D, 1st Connecticut Cavalry
  • Place and date: At Back Creek Valley, Va., 31 July 1864
  • Entered service at: New Milford, Conn.
  • Date of issue: 23 January 1865

Citation: Capture of flag and its bearer.

MARSH, GEORGE

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company D, 104th Illinois Infantry
  • Place and date: At Elk River, Tenn., 2 July 1863
  • Entered service at: Brookfield, La Salle County, Ill.
  • Date of issue: 17 September 1897

Citation: Voluntarily led a small party and, under a heavy fire, captured a stockade and saved the bridge.

MARTIN, EDWARD S.

  • Rank and organization: Quartermaster, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: Pennsylvania
  • G.O. No.: 59, 22 June 1865

Citation: On board the U.S.S. Calena during the attack on enemy forts at Mobile Bay, 5 August 1864. Securely lashed to the side of the Oneida which had suffered the loss of her steering apparatus and an explosion of her boiler from enemy fire, the Calena aided the stricken vessel past the enemy forts to safety. Despite heavy damage to his ship from raking enemy fire, Martin performed his duties with skill and courage throughout the action.

MARTIN, GEORGE

(Service rendered under name of Martin Schwenk.)

MARTIN, JAMES

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps
  • Accredited to: Pennsylvania. G.O. No: 45, 31 December 1864

Citation: As captain of a gun on board the U.S.S. Richmond during action against rebel forts and gunboats and with the ram Tennessee in Mobile Bay, 5 August 1864. Despite damage to his ship and the loss of several men on board as enemy fire raked her decks, Sgt. Martin fought his gun with skill and courage throughout the furious 2-hour battle which resulted in the surrender of the rebel ram Tennessee and in the damaging and destruction of batteries at Fort Morgan.

MARTIN, SYLVESTER H.

  • Rank and organization: Lieutenant, Company K, 88th Pennsylvania Infantry
  • Place and date: At Weldon Railroad, Va., 19 August 1864
  • Date of issue: 5 April 1894

Citation: Gallantly made a most dangerous reconnaissance, discovering the position of the enemy and enabling the division to repulse an attack made in strong force.

MARTIN, WILLIAM

  • Rank and organization: Boatswain's Mate, U.S. Navy
  • Entered service at: St. Louis, Mo.
  • G.O. No.: 11, 3 April 1863

Citation: Serving as boatswain's mate on board the U.S.S. Benton during the attack on Haines Bluff, Yazoo River, 27 December 1862. Taking part in the hour-and-a-half engagement with the enemy, who had the dead range of the vessel and was punishing her with heavy fire, Martin served courageously throughout the battle until the Benton was ordered to withdraw.

MARTIN, WILLIAM

  • Rank and organization: Seaman, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: New York
  • G.O. No.: 11, 3 April 1863

Citation: Captain of a gun on board the U.S.S. Varuna during an attack on Forts Jackson and St. Philip, 24 April 1862. His ship was taken under furious fire by the rebel Morgan and severely damaged by ramming. Steadfast at his station through the thickest of the fight, Martin inflicted damage on the enemy, remaining cool and courageous although the Varuna, so badly damaged that she was forced to beach, was finally sunk.

MASON, ELIHU H. (4th to receive Medal of Honor)

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company K, 21st Ohio Infantry
  • Place and date: Georgia, April 1862
  • Entered service at: Pemberville, Wood County, Ohio
  • Date of issue: 25 March 1863

Citation: One of the 19 of 22 men (including 2 civilians) who, by direction of Gen. Mitchell (or Buell), penetrated nearly 200 miles south into enemy territory and captured a railroad train at Big Shanty, Ga., in an attempt to destroy the bridges and track between Chattanooga and Atlanta.

MATHEWS, WILLIAM H.

  • Rank and organization: First Sergeant, Company E, 2d Maryland Veteran Infantry
  • Place and date: At Petersburg, Va., 30 July 1864
  • Entered service at: Baltimore, Md.
  • Date of issue: 10 July 1892

Citation: Finding himself among a squad of Confederates, he fired into them, killing 1, and was himself wounded, but succeeded in bringing in a sergeant and 2 men of the 17th South Carolina Regiment (C.S.A.) as prisoners. (Enlisted in 1861 at Baltimore, Md., under the name Henry Sivel, and original Medal of Honor issued under that name. A new medal was issued in 1900 under true name, William H Mathew.)

MATTHEWS, JOHN C.

  • Rank and organization: Corporal, Company A, 61st Pennsylvania Infantry
  • Place and date: At Petersburg, Va., 2 April 1865
  • Date of issue: 13 February 1891

Citation: Voluntarily took the colors, whose bearer had been disabled, and, although himself severely wounded, carried the same until the enemy's works were taken.

MATTHEWS, MILTON

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company C, 61st Pennsylvania Infantry
  • Place and date: At Petersburg, Va., 2 April 1865
  • Entered service at: Pittsburgh, Pa.
  • Date of issue: 10 May 1865

Citation: Capture of flag of 7th Tennessee Infantry (C.S.A.).

MATTINGLY, HENRY B.

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company B, 10th Kentucky Infantry
  • Place and date: At Jonesboro, Ga., 1 September 1864
  • Date of issue: 7 April 1865

Citation: Capture of flag of 6th and 7th Arkansas Infantry (C.S.A.).

MATTOCKS, CHARLES P.

  • Rank and organization: Major, 17th Maine Infantry
  • Place and date: At Sailors Creek, Va., 6 April 1865
  • Entered service at: Portland, Maine
  • Date of issue: 29 March 1899

Citation: Displayed extraordinary gallantry in leading a charge of his regiment which resulted in the capture of a large number of prisoners and a stand of colors.

MAXHAM, LOWELL M.

  • Rank and organization: Corporal, Company F, 7th Massachusetts Infantry
  • Place and date: At Fredericksburg, Va., 3 May 1863
  • Date of issue: 24 August 1896

Citation: Though severely wounded and in face of a deadly fire from the enemy at short range, he rushed bravely forward and was among the first to enter the enemy's works on the crest of Marye's Heights and helped to plant his regimental colors there.

MAY, WILLIAM

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company H, 32d Iowa Infantry
  • Place and date: At Nashville, Tenn., 16 December 1864
  • Entered service at: Maysville, Franklin County, Iowa
  • Date of issue: 24 February 1865

Citation: Ran ahead of his regiment over the enemy's works and captured from its bearer the flag of Bonanchad's Confederate battery (C.S.A.).

MAYBERRY, JOHN B.

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company F, 1st Delaware Infantry
  • Place and date: At Gettysburg, Pa., 3 July 1863
  • Entered service at: Kent County, Del.
  • Date of issue: 1 December 1864

Citation: Capture of flag.

MAYES, WILLIAM B.

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company K, 11th Iowa Infantry
  • Place and date: Near Kenesaw Mountain, Ga., 15 June 1864
  • Entered service at: DeWitt, Clinton County, Iowa
  • Date of issue: 27 November 1899

Citation: With one companion and under a fierce fire from the enemy at short range went to the rescue of a wounded comrade who had fallen between the lines and carried him to a place of safety.

MAYNARD, GEORGE H.

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company D, 13th Massachusetts Infantry
  • Place and date: At Fredericksburg, Va., 13 December 1862
  • Date of issue: 1898

Citation: A wounded and helpless comrade, having been left on the skirmish line, this soldier voluntarily returned to the front under a severe fire and carried the wounded man to a place of safety.

McADAMS, PETER

  • Rank and organization: Corporal, Company A, 98th Pennsylvania Infantry
  • Place and date: At Salem Heights, Va., 3 May 1863
  • Entered service at: Philadelphia, Pa.
  • Date of issue: 1 April 1898

Citation: Went 250 yards in front of his regiment toward the position of the enemy and under fire brought within the lines a wounded and unconscious comrade.

McALWEE, BENJAMIN F.

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company D, 3d Maryland Infantry
  • Place and date: At Petersburg, Va., 30 July 1864
  • Date of issue: 4 April 1898

Citation: Picked up a shell with burning fuse and threw it over the parapet into the ditch, where it exploded; by this act he probably saved the lives of comrades at the great peril of his own.

McANALLY, CHARLES

  • Rank and organization: Lieutenant, Company D, 69th Pennsylvania Infantry
  • Place and date: At Spotsylvania, Va., 12 May 1864
  • Entered service at: Philadelphia, Pa.
  • Date of issue: 2 August 1897

Citation: In a hand-to-hand encounter with the enemy captured a flag, was wounded in the act, but continued on duty until he received a second wound.

McCAMMON, WILLIAM W.

  • Rank and organization: First Lieutenant, Company E, 24th Missouri Infantry
  • Place and date: At Corinth, Miss., 3 October 1862
  • Entered service at: Montgomery County, Mo.
  • Date of issue: 9 July 1896

Citation: While on duty as provost marshal, voluntarily assumed command of his company, then under fire, and so continued in command until the repulse and retreat of the enemy on the following day, the loss to this company during the battle being very great.

McCARREN, BERNARD

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company C, 1st Delaware Infantry
  • Place and date: At Gettysburg, Pa., 3 July 1863
  • Entered service at: Wilmington, Del.
  • Date of issue: 1 December 1864

Citation: Capture of flag.

McCAUSLlN, JOSEPH

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company D, 12th West Virginia Infantry
  • Place and date: At Petersburg, Va., 2 April 1865
  • Entered service at: Ohio County, W. Va.
  • Date of issue: 12 May 1865

Citation: Conspicuous gallantry as color bearer in the assault on Fort Gregg.

McCLEARY, CHARLES H.

  • Rank and organization: First Lieutenant, Company C. 72d Ohio Infantry
  • Place and date: At Nashville, Tenn., 16 December 1864
  • Date of issue: 24 February 1865

Citation: Capture of flag of 4th Florida Infantry (C.S.A.), while in advance of his lines.

McCLELLAND, JAMES M.

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company B, 30th Ohio Infantry
  • Place and date: At Vicksburg, Miss., 22 May 1863
  • Entered service at: Ohio
  • Date of issue: 13 August 1894

Citation: Gallantry in the charge of the "volunteer storming party."

McCLELLAND, MATTHEW

  • Rank and organization: First Class Fireman, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: New York
  • G.O. No.: 17, 10 July 1863

Citation: Serving on board the U.S.S. Richmond in the attack on Port Hudson, 14 March 1863. Damaged by a 6-inch solid rifle shot which shattered the starboard safety-valve chamber and also damaged the port safety-valve, the fireroom of the Richmond immediately became filled with steam to place it in an extremely critical condition. Acting courageously in this crisis, McClelland persisted in penetrating the steam-filled room in order to haul the hot fires of the furnaces and continued this gallant action until the gravity of the situation had lessened.

McCONNELL, SAMUEL

  • Rank and organization: Captain, Company H, 119th Illinois Infantry
  • Place and date: At Fort Blakely, Ala., 9 April 1865
  • Entered service at: Bushnell, McDonough County, Ill.
  • Date of issue: 8 June 1865

Citation: While leading his company in an assault, Capt. McConnell braved an intense fire that mowed down his unit. Upon reaching the breastworks he found that he had only one member of his company with him, Pvt. Wagner. He was so close to an enemy gun that the blast knocked him down a ditch. Getting up, he entered the gun pit, the guncrew fleeing before him. About 30 paces away he saw a Confederate flag bearer and guard which he captured with the last shot in his pistol.

McCORMlCK, MICHAEL

  • Rank and organization: Boatswain's Mate, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: Illinois
  • G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864

Citation: Served as boatswain's mate on board the U.S.S. Signal, Red River, 5 May 1864. Proceeding up the Red River, the U.S.S. Signal engaged a large force of enemy field batteries and sharpshooters, returning the fire until the ship was totally disabled, at which time the white flag was raised. Serving as gun captain and wounded early in the battle, McCormick bravely stood by his gun in the face of the enemy fire until ordered to withdraw.

McCORNACK, ANDREW

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company I, 127th Illinois Infantry
  • Place and date: At Vicksburg, Miss., 22 May 1863
  • Entered service at: Rutland, La Salle County, Ill.
  • Date of issue: 10 January 1895

Citation: Gallantry in the charge of the "volunteer storming party."

McCULLOCK, ADAM

  • Rank and organization: Seaman, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: Maine
  • G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864

Citation: On board the U.S.S. Lackawanna during successful attacks against Fort Morgan, rebel gunboats and the ram Tennessee in Mobile Bay, on 5 August 1864. Wounded when an enemy shell struck, and ordered to go below, McCullock refused to leave his station and continued to perform his duties throughout the prolonged action which resulted in the capture of the prize ram Tennessee and in the damaging and destruction of Fort Morgan.

McDONALD, GEORGE E.

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company L, 1st Connecticut Heavy Artillery
  • Place and date: At Fort Stedman, Va., 25 March 1865
  • Entered service at: Warwick, R.I.
  • Date of issue: 21 July 1865

Citation: Capture of flag.

McDONALD, JOHN

  • Rank and organization: Boatswain's Mate, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: Massachusetts
  • G.O. No.: 11 , 3 April 1 863

Citation: Serving on board the U.S.S. Baron De Kalb, Yazoo River Expedition, 23 to 27 December 1862. Proceeding under orders up the Yazoo River, the U.S.S. Baron De Kalb, with the object of capturing or destroying the enemy's transports, came upon the steamers John Walsh, R. J. Locklan, Golden Age, and the Scotland, sunk on a bar where they were ordered burned. Continuing up the river, she was fired on but, upon returning the fire, caused the enemy's retreat. Returning down the Yazoo, she destroyed and captured large quantities of enemy equipment and several prisoners. Serving bravely throughout this action, McDonald, as boatswain's mate, "distinguished himself in the various actions."

McDONALD, JOHN WADE

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company E, 20th Illinois Infantry
  • Place and date: At Pittsburg Landing, Tenn., 6 April 1862
  • Entered service at: Wayneville, DeWitt County, Ill.
  • Date of issue: 27 August 1900

Citation: Was severely wounded while endeavoring, at the risk of his life, to carry to a place of safety a wounded and helpless comrade.

McELHINNY, SAMUEL O.

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company A, 2d West Virginia Cavalry
  • Place and date: At Sailors Creek, Va., 6 April 1865
  • Entered service at: Point Pleasant, W. Va.
  • Date of issue: 3 May 1865

Citation: Capture of flag.

McENROE, PATRICK H.

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company D, 6th New York Cavalry
  • Place and date: At Winchester, Va., 19 September 1864
  • Entered service at: New York
  • Date of issue: 27 September 1864

Citation: Capture of colors of 36th Virginia Infantry (C.S.A.).

McFALL, DANIEL

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company E, 17th Michigan Infantry
  • Place and date: At Spotsylvania, Va., 12 May 1864
  • Entered service at: Ypsilanti, Mich.

Citation: Captured Col. Barker, commanding the Confederate brigade that charged the Union batteries; on the same day rescued Lt. George W. Harmon of his regiment from the enemy.

McFARLAND, JOHN

  • Rank and organization: Captain of the Forecastle, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: Massachusetts
  • G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864

Citation: Stationed at the wheel on board the flagship U.S.S. Hartford during successful action against Fort Morgan, rebel gunboats and the ram Tennessee in Mobile Bay, on 5 August 1864. With his ship under terrific enemy shellfire, McFarland performed his duties with skill and courage and, when the Lackawanna ran into his ship and every man at the wheel was in danger of being crushed, remained steadfast at his station and continued to steer the ship.

McGlNN, EDWARD

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company F, 54th Ohio Infantry
  • Place and date: At Vicksburg, Miss., 22 May 1863
  • Date of issue: 28 June 1894

Citation. Gallantry in the charge of the "volunteer storming party."

McGONAGLE, WILSON

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company B, 30th Ohio Infantry
  • Place and date: At Vicksburg, Miss., 22 May 1863
  • Date of issue: 15 August 1894

Citation: Gallantry in the charge of the "volunteer storming party."

McGONNlGLE, ANDREW J.

  • Rank and organization: Captain and Assistant Quartermaster, U.S. Volunteers
  • Place and date: At Cedar Creek. Va., 19 October 1864
  • Entered service at: Cumberland, Md.
  • Date of issue: 21 July 1897

Citation: While acting chief quartermaster of Gen. Sheridan's forces operating in the Shenandoah Valley was severely wounded while voluntarily leading a brigade of infantry and was commended for the greatest gallantry by Gen. Sheridan.

McGOUGH, OWEN

  • Rank and organization: Corporal, Battery D, 5th U.S. Artillery
  • Place and date: At Bull Run, Va., 21 July 1861
  • Date of issue: 28 August 1897

Citation: Through his personal exertions under a heavy fire, one of the guns of his battery was brought off the field; all the other guns were lost.

McGOWAN, JOHN

  • Rank and organization: Quartermaster, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: New York
  • G.O. No.: 11, 3 April 1863

Citation: McGowan occupied one of the most responsible positions on the U.S.S. Varuna during the attacks on Forts Jackson and St. Philip and in action against the rebel ship Morgan on 24 April 1862. Although guns were raking the decks from behind him, McGowan remained steadfast at the wheel throughout the thickest of the fight, continuing at his station and rendering service with the greatest courage and skill until his ship, repeatedly holed and twice rammed by the enemy, was beached and sunk.

McGRAW, THOMAS

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company B, 23d Illinois Infantry
  • Place and date: At Petersburg, Va., 2 April 1865
  • Entered service at: Chicago, Ill.
  • Date of issue: 12 May 1865

Citation: One of the three soldiers most conspicuous for gallantry in the final assault.

McGUlRE, PATRICK

  • Rank and organization: Private, Chicago Mercantile Battery, Illinois Light Artillery
  • Place and date: At Vicksburg, Miss., 22 May 1863
  • Entered service at: Chicago, Ill.
  • Date of issue: 15 January 1895

Citation: Carried with others by hand a cannon up to and fired it through an embrasure of the enemy's work.

McHALE, ALEXANDER U.

  • Rank and organization: Corporal, Company H, 26th Michigan Infantry
  • Place and date: At Spotsylvania Courthouse, Va., 12 May 1864
  • Entered service at: Muskegon, Mich.
  • Date of issue: 11 January 1900

Citation: Captured a Confederate color in a charge, threw the flag over in front of the works, and continued in the charge upon the enemy.

McHUGH, MARTIN

  • Rank and organization: Seaman, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: Ohio
  • G.O. No.: 17, 10 July 1863

Citation: Serving on board the U.S.S. Cincinnati during the attack on the Vicksburg batteries and at the time of her sinking, 27 May 1863. Engaging the enemy in a fierce battle, the Cincinnati amidst, an incessant fire of shot and shell, continued to fire her guns to the last, though so penetrated by shellfire that her fate was sealed. Serving bravely during this action, McHugh was conspicuously cool under the fire of the enemy, never ceasing to fire until this proud ship went down, "her colors nailed to the mast."

MclNTOSH, JAMES

  • Rank and organization: Captain of the Top, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: New York
  • G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864

Citation: On board the U.S.S. Richmond during action against rebel forts and gunboats and with the ram Tennessee in Mobile Bay, 5 August 1864. Despite damage to his ship and the loss of several men on board as enemy fire raked her decks, Mclntosh performed his duties with skill and courage throughout the prolonged battle which resulted in the surrender of the rebel ram Tennessee and in the successful attacks carried out on Fort Morgan.

McKAY, CHARLES W.

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company C, 154th New York Infantry
  • Place and date: At Dug Gap, Ga., 8 May 1864
  • Entered service at: Allegheny, Cattaraugus County, N.Y.
  • Date of issue: 13 April 1894

Citation: Voluntarily risked his life in rescuing under the fire of the enemy a wounded comrade who was Iying between the lines.

McKEE, GEORGE

  • Rank and organization: Color Sergeant, Company D, 89th New York Infantry
  • Place and date: At Petersburg, Va., 2 April 1865
  • Date of issue: 12 May 1865

Citation: Gallantry as color bearer in the assault on Fort Gregg.

McKEEN, NINEVEH S.

  • Rank and organization: First Lieutenant, Company H, 21st Illinois Infantry
  • Place and date: At Stone River, Tenn., 30 December 1862. At Liberty Gap, Tenn., 25 June 1863
  • Entered service at: Marshall, Clark County, Ill.
  • Date of issue: 23 June 1890

Citation: Conspicuous in the charge at Stone River, Tenn., where he was three times wounded. At Liberty Gap, Tenn., captured colors of 8th Arkansas Infantry (C.S.A.).

McKEEVER, MICHAEL

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company K, 5th Pennsylvania Cavalry
  • Place and date: At Burnt Ordinary, Va., 19 January 1863
  • Entered service at: Philadelphia, Pa.
  • Date of issue: 2 August 1897

Citation: Was one of a small scouting party that charged and routed a mounted force of the enemy six times their number. He led the charge in a most gallant and distinguished manner, going far beyond the call of duty.

McKNIGHT, WILLIAM

  • Rank and organization: Coxswain, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: New York
  • G.O. No.: 11, 3 April 1863

Citation: Captain of a gun on board the U.S.S. Varuna during the attacks on Forts Jackson and St. Philip and in action against the rebel ship Morgan, 24 April 1862. During this action at extremely close range, while his ship was under furious fire and was twice rammed by the rebel ship Morgan, McKnight remained steadfast at his gun throughout the thickest of the fight and was instrumental in inflicting damage on the enemy until the Varuna, so badly damaged that she was forced to beach, was finally sunk.

McKOWN, NATHANIEL A.

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company B, 58th Pennsylvania Infantry
  • Place and date: At Chapins Farm, Va., 29 September 1864
  • Date of issue: 6 April 1865

Citation: Capture of flag.

McLEOD, JAMES

  • Rank and organization: Captain of the Foretop, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: Maine
  • G.O. No.: 11, 3 April 1863

Citation: Captain of foretop, and a volunteer from the Colorado, McLeod served on board the U.S.S. Pensacola during the attack upon Forts Jackson and St. Philip and the taking of New Orleans, 24 and 25 April 1862. Acting as gun captain of the rifled howitzer aft which was much exposed, he served this piece with great ability and activity, although no officer superintended it.

McMAHON, MARTIN T.

  • Rank and organization: Captain, and aide-de-camp U.S. Volunteers
  • Place and date: At White Oak Swamp, Va., 30 June i862
  • Entered service at: California
  • Date of issue: 10 March 1891

Citation: Under fire of the enemy, successfully destroyed a valuable train that had been abandoned and prevented it from falling into the hands of the enemy.

McMILLEN, FRANCIS M.

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company C, 110th Ohio Infantry
  • Place and date: At Petersburg, Va., 2 April 1865
  • Entered service at: Piqua, Ohio
  • Date of issue: 10 May 1865

Citation: Capture of flag.

*McVEANE, JOHN P.

  • Rank and organization: Corporal, Company D, 49th New York Infantry
  • Place and date: At Fredericksburg Heights, Va., 4 May 1863
  • Entered service at: Buffalo, N.Y.
  • Date of issue: 21 September 1870

Citation: Shot a Confederate color bearer and seized the flag; also approached, alone, a barn between the lines and demanded and received the surrender of a number of the enemy therein.

McWHORTER, WALTER F.

  • Rank and organization: Commissary Sergeant, Company E, 3d West Virginia Cavalry
  • Place and date: At Sailors Creek, Va., 6 April 1865
  • Entered service at: Harrison County, W. Va.
  • Date of issue: 3 May 1865

Citation: Capture of flag of 6th Tennessee Infantry (C.S.A.).

McWlLLlAMS, GEORGE W.

  • Rank and organization: Landsman, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: Pennsylvania
  • G.O. No.. 59, 22 June 1865

Citation: Served on board the U.S.S. Pontoosuc during the capture of Fort Fisher and Wilmington, 24 December 1864, to 22 February 1865. Carrying out his duties faithfully throughout this period, McWilliams was so severely wounded in the assault upon Fort Fisher that he was sent to the hospital at Portsmouth, Va. McWilliams was recommended for his gallantry, skill and coolness in action while under the fire of the enemy.

MEACH, GEORGE E.

  • Rank and organization: Farrier, Company I, 6th New York Cavalry
  • Place and date: At Winchester, Va., 19 September 1864
  • Date of issue: 27 September 1864

Citation: Capture of flag.

MEAGHER, THOMAS

  • Rank and organization: First Sergeant, Company G, 158th New York Infantry
  • Place and date: At Chapins Farm, Va., 29 September 1864
  • Entered service at: Brooklyn N.Y.
  • Date of issue: 6 April 1865

Citation: Led a section of his men on the enemy's works, receiving a wound while scaling a parapet.

MEARS, GEORGE W.

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company A, 6th Pennsylvania Reserves
  • Place and date: At Gettysburg, Pa., 2 July 1863
  • Entered service at: Bloomsburgh, Pa.
  • Date of issue: 16 February 1897

Citation: With five volunteers he gallantly charged on a number of the enemy's sharpshooters concealed in a log house, captured them, and brought them into the Union lines.

MELVILLE, CHARLES

  • Rank and organization: Ordinary Seaman, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: New Hampshire
  • G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864

Citation: On board the flagship U.S.S. Hartford during action against rebel gunboats, the ram Tennessee, and Fort Morgan in Mobile Bay, 5 August 1864. Wounded and taken below to the surgeon when a shell burst between the two forward 9-inch guns, killing and wounding 15 men, Melville promptly returned to his gun on the deck and, although scarcely able to stand, refused to go below and continued to man his post throughout the remainder of the action resulting in the capture of the rebel ram Tennessee.

MENTER, JOHN W.

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company D, 5th Michigan Infantry
  • Place and date: At Sailors Creek, Va., 6 April 1865
  • Entered service at: Detroit, Mich.
  • Date of issue: 10 May 1865

Citation: Capture of flag.

MERRIAM, HENRY C.

  • Rank and organization: Lieutenant Colonel, 73d U.S. Colored Troops
  • Place and date: At Fort Blakely, Ala., 9 April 1865
  • Entered service at: Houlton, Maine
  • Date of issue: 28 June 1894

Citation: Volunteered to attack the enemy's works in advance of orders and, upon permission being given, made a most gallant assault.

MERRIFIELD, JAMES K.

  • Rank and organization: Corporal, Company C, 88th Illinois Infantry
  • Place and date: At Franklin, Tenn., 30 November 1864
  • Entered service at: Manlius, Bureau County, Ill.
  • Date of issue: 28 March 1896

Citation: Captured 2 battle flags from the enemy and returned with them to his own lines.

MERRILL, AUGUSTUS

  • Rank and organization: Captain, Company B, 1st Maine Veteran Infantry
  • Place and date: At Petersburg, Va., 2 April 1865
  • Entered service at: Lyndon, Maine
  • Date of issue: 23 October 1891

Citation: With 6 men, captured 69 Confederate prisoners and recaptured several soldiers who had fallen into the enemy's hands.

MERRILL, GEORGE

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company I, 142d New York Infantry
  • Place and date: At Fort Fisher, N.C., 15 January 1865
  • Date of issue: 28 December 1914

Citation: Voluntarily advanced with the head of the column and cut down the palisading.

MERRITT, JOHN G.

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company K, 1st Minnesota Infantry
  • Place and date: At Bull Run, Va., 21 July 1861
  • Date of issue: 1 April 1880

Citation: Gallantry in action; was wounded while capturing flag in advance of his regiment.

MEYER, HENRY C.

  • Rank and organization: Captain, Company D, 24th New York Cavalry
  • Place and date: At Petersburg, Va., 17 June 1864
  • Entered service at: Dobbs Ferry, N.Y.
  • Date of issue: 29 March 1899

Citation: During an assault and in the face of a heavy fire rendered heroic assistance to a wounded and helpless officer, thereby saving his life and in the performance of this gallant act sustained a severe wound.

MIFFLIN, JAMES

  • Rank and organization: Engineer's Cook, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: Virginia
  • G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864

Citation: On board the U.S.S. Brooklyn during successful attacks against Fort Morgan, rebel gunboats and the ram Tennessee in Mobile Bay, on 5 August 1864. Stationed in the immediate vicinity of the shell whips which were twice cleared of men by bursting shells, Mifflin remained steadfast at his post and performed his duties in the powder division throughout the furious action which resulted in the surrender of the prize rebel ram Tennessee and in the damaging and destruction of batteries at Fort Morgan.

MILES, NELSON A.

  • Rank and organization: Colonel, 61st New York Infantry
  • Place and date: At Chancellorsville, Va., 2-3 May 1863
  • Entered service at: Roxbury, Mass.
  • Date of issue: 23 July 1892

Citation: Distinguished gallantry while holding with his command an advanced position against repeated assaults by a strong force of the enemy; was severely wounded.

MILLER, ANDREW

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps
  • Accredited to: Washington, D.C.
  • G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864

Citation: As captain of a gun on board the U.S.S. Richmond during action against rebel forts and gunboats and with the ram Tennessee in Mobile Bay, 5 August 1864. Despite damage to his ship and the loss of several men on board as enemy fire raked her decks, Sgt. Miller fought his gun with skill and courage throughout the furious 2-hour battle which resulted in the surrender of the rebel ram Tennessee and in the damaging and destruction of batteries at Fort Morgan.

MILLER, FRANK

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company M, 2d New York Cavalry
  • Place and date: At Sailors Creek, Va., 6 April 1865
  • Entered service at: Jamaica, N.Y.
  • Date of issue: 24 April 1865

Citation: Capture of flag of 25th Battalion Virginia Infantry (C.S.A.); was taken prisoner, but successfully retained his trophy until recaptured.

MILLER, HENRY A.

  • Rank and organization: Captain, Company B, 8th Illinois Infantry
  • Place and date: At Fort Blakely, Ala., 9 April 1865
  • Entered service at: Decatur, Ill.
  • Date of issue: 8 June 1865

Citation: Capture of flag.

MILLER, JACOB C.

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company G, 113th Illinois Infantry
  • Place and date: At Vicksburg, Miss., 22 May 1863
  • Entered service at: Geneva, Kane County, Ill.
  • Date of Issue: 20 August 1894

Citation: Gallantry in the charge of the "volunteer storming party."

MILLER, JAMES

  • Rank and organization: Quartermaster, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: Massachusetts
  • G.O. No.: 32, 16 April 1864

Citation: Served as quartermaster on board the U.S. Steam Gunboat Marblehead off Legareville, Stono River, 25 December 1863, during an engagement with the enemy on John's Island. Acting courageously under the fierce hostile fire, Miller behaved gallantly throughout the engagement which resulted in the enemy's withdrawal and abandonment of its arms.

MILLER, JAMES P.

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company D, 4th Iowa Cavalry
  • Place and date: At Selma, Ala., 2 April 1865
  • Entered service at: Henry County, Iowa
  • Date of issue: 17 June 1865

Citation: Capture of standard of 12th Mississippi Cavalry (C.S.A.).

MILLER, JOHN

  • Rank and organization: Corporal, Company G, 8th Ohio Infantry
  • Place and date: At Gettysburg, Pa., 3 July 1863
  • Entered service at: Freemont, Sandusky County, Ohio
  • Date of issue: 1 December 1864

Citation: Capture of 2 flags.

MILLER, JOHN

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company H, 8th New York Cavalry
  • Place and date: At Waynesboro, Va., 2 March 1865
  • Entered service at: Rochester, N.Y.
  • Date of issue: 26 March 1865

Citation: Capture of flag.

MILLER, WILLIAM E.

  • Rank and organization: Captain, Company H, 3d Pennsylvania Cavalry
  • Place and date: At Gettysburg, Pa., 3 July 1863
  • Date of issue 21 July 1897

Citation: Without orders, led a charge of his squadron upon the flank of the enemy, checked his attack, and cut off and dispersed the rear of his column.

MILLIKEN, DANIEL

  • Rank and organization: Quarter Gunner, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: New York
  • G.O. No.: 59, 22 June 1865

Citation: Milliken served on board the U.S.S. New Ironsides during action in several attacks on Fort Fisher, 24 and 25 December 1864- and 13,14 and 15 January 1865. The ship steamed in and took the lead in the Ironclad division close inshore and immediately opened its starboard battery in a barrage of well directed fire to cause several fires and explosions and dismount several guns during the first 2 days of fighting. Taken under fire as she steamed into position on 13 January, the New Ironsides fought all day and took on ammunition at night despite severe weather conditions. When the enemy came out of his bombproofs to defend the fort against the storming party, the ship's battery disabled nearly every gun on the fort facing the shore before the cease-fire orders were given by the flagship.

MILLS, CHARLES

  • Rank and organization: Seaman, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: New York
  • G.O. No.: 59, 22 June 1865

Citation: On board the U.S.S. Minnesota, in action during the assault on Fort Fisher, 15 January 1865. Landing on the beach with the assaulting party from his ship, Mills charged up to the palisades and, when more than two-thirds of the men became seized with panic and retreated on the run, risked his life to remain with a wounded officer. With the enemy concentrating his fire on the group, he waited until after dark before assisting the wounded man from the field.

MILLS, FRANK W.

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company C, 1st New York Mounted Rifles
  • Place and date: At Sandy Cross Roads, N.C., 4 September 1862
  • Date of issue: 2 April 1898

Citation: While scouting, this soldier, in command of an advance of but 3 or 4 men, came upon the enemy, and charged them without orders, the rest of the troops following, the whole force of the enemy, 120 men, being captured.

MINDIL, GEORGE W.

  • Rank and organization: Captain, Company I, 61st Pennsylvania Infantry
  • Place and date: At Williamsburg, Va., 5 May 1862
  • Entered service at: Philadelphia, Pa.
  • Date of issue: 25 October 1893

Citation: As aide-de-camp led the charge with a part of a regiment, pierced the enemy's center, silenced some of his artillery, and, getting in his rear, caused him to abandon his position.

MITCHELL, ALEXANDER H.

  • Rank and organization: First Lieutenant, Company A, 105th Pennsylvania Infantry
  • Place and date: At Spotsylvania, Va., 12 May 1864
  • Entered service at: Hamilton, Pa.
  • Date of issue: 27 March 1890

Citation: Capture of flag of 18th North Carolina Infantry (C.S.A.), in a personal encounter with the color bearer.

MITCHELL, THEODORE

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company C, 61st Pennsylvania Infantry
  • Place and date: At Petersburg, Va., 2 April 1865
  • Entered service at: Pittsburgh, Pa.
  • Date of issue: 10 May 1865

Citation: Capture of the flag of the Tennessee Brigade (C.S.A.).

MOFFITT, JOHN H.

  • Rank and organization: Corporal, Company C, 16th New York Infantry
  • Place and date: At Gaines Mill, Va., 27 June 1862
  • Entered service at: Plattsburg, N.Y.
  • Date of issue: 3 March 1891

Citation: Voluntarily took up the regimental colors after several color bearers had been shot down and carried them until himself wounded.

MOLBONE, ARCHIBALD

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company G, 1st Rhode Island Light Artillery
  • Place and date: At Petersburg, Va., 2 April 1865
  • Entered service at: West Greenwich, R.I.
  • Date of issue: 20 June 1866

Citation: Was one of a detachment of 20 picked artillerymen who voluntarily accompanied an infantry assaulting party and who turned upon the enemy the guns captured in the assault.

MOLLOY, HUGH

  • Rank and organization: Ordinary Seaman, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: Illinois
  • G.O. No.: 32, 16 April 1864

Citation: Served on board the U.S.S. Fort Hindman during the engagement near Harrisonburg, La., 2 March 1864. Following a shellburst which mortally wounded the first sponger, who dropped the sponge out of the forecastle port, Molloy jumped out of the port to the forecastle, recovered the sponge and sponged and loaded the gun for the remainder of the action from his exposed position, despite the extreme danger to his person from the raking fire of enemy musketry.

MONAGHAN, PATRICK

  • Rank and organization: Corporal, Company F, 48th Pennsylvania Infantry
  • Place and date: At Petersburg, Va., 17 June 1864
  • Entered service at: Minersville, Pa.
  • Date of issue: 1 December 1864

Citation: Recapture of colors of 7th New York Heavy Artillery.

MONTGOMERY, ROBERT

  • Rank and organization: Captain of the Afterguard, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: Virginia
  • G.O. No.: 45, 21 December 1864

Citation: Montgomery served on board the U.S.S. Agawam, as one of a volunteer crew of a powder boat which was exploded near Fort Fisher, 23 December 1864. The powder boat, towed in by the Wilderness to prevent detection by the enemy, cast off and slowly steamed to within 300 yards of the beach. After fuses and fires had been lit and a second anchor with short scope let go to assure the boat's tailing inshore, the crew again boarded the Wilderness and proceeded a distance of 12 miles from shore. Less than 2 hours later the explosion took place, and the following day fires were observed still burning at the forts.

MOORE, CHARLES

  • Rank and organization: Landsman, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: New York
  • G.O. No.: 32, 16 April 1864

Citation: Serving on board the U.S. Steam Gunboat Marblehead off Legareville, Stono River, 25 December 1863, during an engagement with the enemy on John's Island. Wounded in the fierce battle, Moore returned to his quarters until so exhausted by loss of blood that he had to be taken below. This engagement resulted in the enemy's abandonment of his positions, leaving a caisson and one gun behind.

MOORE, CHARLES

  • Rank and organization: Seaman, U.S. Navy
  • Entered service at: 25 March 1862, Gibraltar, England
  • G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864

Citation: Served as seaman on board the U.S.S. Kearsarge when she destroyed the Alabama off Cherbourg, France, 19 June 1864. Acting as sponger and loader of the 1 l-inch pivot gun of the second division during this bitter engagement, Moore exhibited marked coolness and good conduct and was highly recommended for his gallantry under fire by the divisional officer.

MOORE, DANIEL B.

  • Rank and organization: Corporal, Company E, 11th Wisconsin Infantry
  • Place and date: At Fort Blakely, Ala., 9 April 1865
  • Entered service at: Mifflin, Wis.
  • Date of issue: 8 August 1900

Citation: At the risk of his own life saved the life of an officer who had been shot down and overpowered by superior numbers.

MOORE, GEORGE

  • Rank and organization: Seaman, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: Pennsylvania
  • G.O. No.: 59, 22 June 1865

Citation: Served on board the U.S.S. Rhode Island which was engaged in saving the lives of the officers and crew of the Monitor, 30 December 1862. Participating in the hazardous task of rescuing the officers and crew of the sinking Monitor, Moore after rescuing several of the men, became separated in a heavy gale with other members of the cutter that had set out from the Rhode Island, and spent many hours in the small boat at the mercy of the weather and high seas until finally picked up by a schooner 50 miles east of Cape Hatteras.

MOORE, GEORGE G.

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company D, 11th West Virginia Infantry
  • Place and date: At Fishers Hill, Va., 22 September 1864
  • Date of issue: 6 October 1864

Citation: Capture of flag.

MOORE, WILBUR F.

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company C, 117th Illinois Infantry
  • Place and date: At Nashville, Tenn., 16 December 1864
  • Entered service at: Lebanon, St. Clair County, Ill.
  • Date of issue: 22 February 1865

Citation: Captured flag of a Confederate battery while far in advance of the Union lines.

MOORE, WILLIAM

  • Rank and organization: Boatswain's Mate, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: Massachusetts
  • G.O. No.: 32, 16 April 1864

Citation: Serving as boatswain's mate on board the U.S.S. Benton during the attack on Haines Bluff, Yazoo River, 27 December 1862. Wounded during the hour-and-a-half engagement in which the enemy had the dead range of the vessel and was punishing her with heavy fire, Moore served courageously in carrying lines to the shore until the Benton was ordered to withdraw.

MOREY, DELANO

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company B, 82d Ohio Infantry
  • Place and date: At McDowell, Va., 8 May 1862
  • Entered service at: Hardin County, Ohio
  • Date of issue: 14 August 1893

Citation: After the charge of the command had been repulsed, he rushed forward alone with an empty gun and captured two of the enemy's sharpshooters.

MORFORD, JEROME

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company K, 55th Illinois Infantry
  • Place and date: At Vicksburg, Miss., 22 May 1863
  • Entered service at: Bridgers Corner, Ill.
  • Date of issue: 2 September 1893

Citation: Gallantry in the charge of the "volunteer storming party."

MORGAN, JAMES H.

  • Rank and organization: Captain of the Top, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: New York
  • G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864

Citation: As captain of a gun on board the U.S.S. Richmond during action against rebel forts and gunboats and with the Tennessee in Mobile Bay, 5 August 1864. Despite damage to his ship and the loss of several men on board as enemy fire raked her decks Morgan fought his gun with skill and courage throughout a furious 2-hour battle which resulted in the surrender of the rebel ram Tennessee and in the damaging and destruction of batteries at Fort Morgan.

MORGAN, LEWIS

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company I, 4th Ohio Infantry
  • Place and date: At Spotsylvania, Va., 12 May 1864
  • Entered service at: Delaware County, Ohio
  • Date of issue: 1 December 1864

Citation: Capture of flag from the enemy's works.

MORGAN, RICHARD H.

  • Rank and organization: Corporal, Company A, 4th Iowa Cavalry
  • Place and date: At Columbus, Ga., 16 April 1865
  • Entered service at: Taylor, Freemont County, Iowa
  • Date of issue: 17 June 1865

Citation: Capture of flag inside the enemy's works, contesting for its possession with its bearer.

MORRILL, WALTER G.

  • Rank and organization: Captain, Company B, 20th Maine Infantry
  • Place and date: At Rappahannock Station, Va., 7 November 1863
  • Entered service at: Brownville, Maine
  • Date of issue: 5 April 1898

Citation: Learning that an assault was to be made upon the enemy's works by other troops, this officer voluntarily joined the storming party with about 50 men of his regiment, and by his dash and gallantry rendered effective service in the assault.

MORRIS, WILLIAM

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company C, 1st New York (Lincoln) Cavalry
  • Place and date: At Sailors Creek, Va., 6 April 1865
  • Entered service at: Philadelphia, Pa.
  • Date of issue: 3 May 1865

Citation: Capture of flag of 40th Virginia Infantry (C.S.A.).

MORRISON, FRANCIS

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company H, 85th Pennsylvania Infantry
  • Place and date: At Bermuda Hundred, Va., 17 June 1864
  • Entered service at: Drakestown, Pa.
  • Date of issue: 2 August 1897

Citation: Voluntarily exposed himself to a heavy fire to bring off a wounded comrade.

MORRISON, JOHN G.

  • Rank and organization: Coxswain, U.S. Navy
  • Entered service at: Lansingburg, N.Y.
  • G.O. No.: 59, 22 June 1865

Citation: Serving as coxswain on board the U.S.S. Carondelet, Morrison was commended for meritorious conduct in general and especially for his heroic conduct and his inspiring example to the crew in the engagement with the rebel ram Arkansas, Yazoo River, 15 July 1862. When the Carondelet was badly cut up, several of her crew killed, many wounded and others almost suffocated from the effects of escaped steam, Morrison was the leader when boarders were called on deck, and the first to return to the guns and give the ram a broadside as she passed. His presence of mind in time of battle or trial is reported as always conspicuous and encouraging.

MORSE, BENJAMIN

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company C, 3d Michigan Infantry
  • Place and date: At Spotsylvania, Va., 12 May 1864
  • Entered service at: Grand Rapids, Mich.
  • Date of issue: 24 February 1891

Citation: Capture of colors of 4th Georgia Battery (C.S.A.)

MORSE, CHARLES E.

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company I, 62d New York Infantry
  • Place and date: At Wilderness, Va., 5 May 1864
  • Entered service at: New York
  • Date of issue: 14 January 1890

Citation: Voluntarily rushed back into the enemy's lines, took the colors from the color sergeant, who was mortally wounded, and, although himself wounded, carried them through the fight.

MORTON, CHARLES W.

  • Rank and organization: Boatswain's Mate, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: Maryland
  • G.O. No.: 11, 3 April 1863

Citation: Serving as boatswain's mate on board the U.S.S. Benton during the Yazoo River Expedition, 23 to 27 December 1863. Taking part in the hour and a half engagement with the enemy at Drumgould's Bluff, 27 December, Morton served courageously throughout the battle against the hostile forces, who had the dead range of the vessel and were punishing her with heavy fire, until the Benton was ordered to withdraw.

MOSTOLLER, JOHN W.

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company B, 54th Pennsylvania Infantry
  • Place and date: At Lynchburg, Va., 18 June 1864
  • Date of issue: 27 December 1894

Citation: Voluntarily led a charge on a Confederate battery (the officers of the company being disabled) and compelled its hasty removal.

MULHOLLAND, ST. CLAIR A.

  • Rank and organization: Major, 116th Pennsylvania Infantry
  • Place and date: At Chancellorsville, Va., 4-5 May 1863
  • Entered service at: Philadelphia, Pa.
  • Date of issue: 26 March 1895

Citation: In command of the picket line held the enemy in check all night to cover the retreat of the Army.

MULLEN, PATRICK

  • Rank and organization: Boatswain's Mate, U.S. Navy
  • Entered service at: Baltimore, Md.
  • G.O. No.: 59, 22 June 1865

Citation: Served as boatswain's mate on board the U.S.S. Wyandank during a boat expedition up Mattox Creek, 17 March 1865. Rendering gallant assistance to his commanding officer, Mullen, lying on his back, loaded the howitzer and then fired so carefully as to kill and wound many rebels, causing their retreat.

SECOND AWARD

  • G.O. No.: 62, 29 June 1865. Second award

Citation: Served as boatswain's mate on board the U.S.S. Don, 1 May 1865. Engaged in picking up the crew of picket launch No. 6, which had swamped. Mullen, seeing an officer who was at that time no longer able to keep up and was below the surface of the water, jumped overboard and brought the officer to the boat, thereby rescuing him from drowning, which brave action entitled him to wear a bar on the medal he had already received at Mattox Creek, 17 March 1865.

MUNDELL, WALTER L.

  • Rank and organization: Corporal, Company E, 5th Michigan Infantry
  • Place and date: At Sailors Creek, Va., 6 April 1865
  • Entered service at: Dallas, Mich.
  • Date of issue: 10 May 1865

Citation: Capture of flag.

MUNSELL, HARVEY M.

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company A, 99th Pennsylvania Infantry
  • Place and date: At Gettysburg, Pa., 1-3 July 1863
  • Entered service at: Vanango County, Pa.
  • Date of issue: 5 February 1866

Citation: Gallant and courageous conduct as color bearer. (This noncommissioned officer carried the colors of his regiment through 13 engagements.)

MURPHY, CHARLES J.

  • Rank and organization: First Lieutenant and Quartermaster, 38th New York Infantry
  • Place and date: At Bull Run, Va., 21 July 1861
  • Date of issue: 5 April 1898

Citation: Took a rifle and voluntarily fought with his regiment in the ranks; when the regiment was forced back, voluntarily remained on the field caring for the wounded, and was there taken prisoner.

MURPHY, DANIEL J.

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company F, 19th Massachusetts Infantry
  • Place and date: At Hatchers Run, Va., 27 October 1864
  • Entered service at: Lowell, Mass.
  • Date of issue: 1 December 1864

Citation: Capture of flag of 47th North Carolina Infantry (C.S.A.).

MURPHY, DENNIS J. F.

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company F, 14th Wisconsin Infantry
  • Place and date: At Corinth, Miss., 3 October 1862
  • Date of issue: 22 January 1892

Citation: Although wounded three times, carried the colors throughout the conflict.

MURPHY, JAMES T.

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company L, 1st Connecticut Artillery
  • Place and date: At Petersburg, Va., 25 March 1865
  • Entered service at: New Haven, Conn.
  • Date of issue: 29 October 1886

Citation: A piece of artillery having been silenced by the enemy, this soldier voluntarily ass1sted in working the piece, conducting himself throughout the engagement in a gallant and fearless manner.

MURPHY, JOHN P.

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company K, 5th Ohio Infantry
  • Place and date: At Antietam, Md., 17 September 1862
  • Entered service at: Cincinnati, Ohio
  • Date of issue: 11 September 1866

Citation: Capture of flag of 13th Alabama Infantry (C.S.A.).

MURPHY, MICHAEL C.

  • Rank and organization: Lieutenant Colonel, 170th New York Infantry
  • Place and date: At North Anna River, Va., 24 May 1864
  • Entered service at: New York, N.Y.
  • Date of issue: 15 January 1897

Citation: This officer, commanding the regiment, kept it on the field exposed to the fire of the enemy for 3 hours without being able to fire one shot in return because of the ammunition being exhausted.

MURPHY, PATRICK

  • Rank and organization: Boatswain's Mate, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: New York

Citation: Served as boatswain's mate on board the U.S.S. Metacomet, during action against rebel forts and gunboats and with the ram Tennessee in Mobile Bay, 5 August 1864. Despite damage to his ship and the loss of several men on board as enemy fire raked her decks, Murphy performed his duties with skill and courage throughout a furious 2-hour battle which resulted in the surrender of the rebel ram Tennessee and in the damaging and destruction of batteries at Fort Morgan.

MURPHY, ROBINSON B.

  • Rank and organization: Musician, Company A, 127th Illinois Infantry
  • Place and date: At Atlanta, Ga., 28 July 1864
  • Entered service at: Oswego, Kendall County, Ill.
  • Date of issue: 22 July 1890

Citation: Being orderly to the brigade commander, he voluntarily led two regiments as reinforcements into line of battle, where he had his horse shot under him.

MURPHY, THOMAS

  • Rank and organization: Corporal, Company K, 158th New York Infantry
  • Place and date: At Chapins Farm, Va., 30 September 1864
  • Entered service at: New York, N.Y.
  • Date of issue: 15 October 1864

Citation: Capture of flag.

MURPHY, THOMAS C.

  • Rank and organization: Corporal, Company I, 31st Illinois Infantry
  • Place and date: At Vicksburg, Miss., 22 May 1863
  • Entered service at: Pekin, Ill.
  • Date of issue: 14 August 1893

Citation: Voluntarily crossed the line of heavy fire of Union and Confederate forces, carrying a message to stop the firing of one Union regiment on another.

MURPHY, THOMAS J.

  • Rank and organization: First Sergeant, Company G, 146th New York Infantry
  • Place and date: At Five Forks, Va., 1 April 1865
  • Entered service at: New York, N.Y.
  • Date of issue: 10 May 1865

Citation: Capture of flag.

MYERS, GEORGE S.

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company F, 101st Ohio Infantry
  • Place and date: At Chickamauga, Ga., 19 September 1863
  • Date of issue: 9 April 1894

Citation: Saved the regimental colors by greatest personal devotion and bravery.

MYERS, WILLIAM H.

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company A, 1st Maryland Cavalry
  • Place and date: At Appomattox Courthouse, Va., 9 April 1865
  • Entered service at: Baltimore, Md.
  • Date of issue: 14 June 1871

Citation: Gallantry in action; was 5 times wounded.

NASH, HENRY H.

  • Rank and organization: Corporal, Company B, 47th Ohio Infantry
  • Place and date: At Vicksburg, Miss., 3 May 1863
  • Entered service at: Adrian, Mich.
  • Date of issue: 15 February 1909

Citation: Was one of a party that volunteered and attempted to run the enemy's batteries with a steam tug and 2 barges loaded with subsistence stores.

NAYLOR, DAVID

  • Rank and organization: Landsman, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: New York
  • G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864

Citation: Served on board the U.S.S. Oneida in the engagement at Mobile Bay, 5 August 1864. Acting as powder boy at the 30-pounder Parrott rifle, Naylor had his passing box shot from his hands and knocked overboard where it fell in one of the Calena's boats which was under the bow. Jumping overboard, Naylor recovered his box, returned to his station and continued to carry out his courageous actions throughout the engagement which resulted in the capture of the rebel ram Tennessee and the damaging of Fort Morgan.

NEAHR, ZACHARIAH C.

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company K, 142d New York Infantry
  • Place and date: At Fort Fisher, N.C., 16 January 1865
  • Date of issue: 11 September 1890

Citation: Voluntarily advanced with the head of the column and cut down the palisading.

NEIL, JOHN

  • Rank and organization: Quarter Gunner, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: Virginia
  • G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864

Citation: Neil served on board the U.S.S. Agawam, as one of a volunteer crew of a powder boat which was exploded near Fort Fisher, 23 December 1864. The powder boat, towed in by the Wilderness to prevent detection by the enemy, cast off and slowly steamed to within 300 yards of the beach. After fuses and fires had been lit and a second anchor with short scope let go to assure the boat's tailing inshore, the crew again boarded the Wilderness and proceeded a distance of 12 miles from shore. Less than 2 hours later the explosion took place, and the following day fires were observed still burning at the forts.

NEVILLE, EDWIN M.

  • Rank and organization: Captain, Company C, 1st Connecticut Cavalry
  • Place and date: At Sailors Creek, Va., 6 April 1865
  • Entered service at: Waterbury, Conn.
  • Date of issue: 3 May 1865

Citation: Capture of flag.

NEWLAND, WILLIAM

  • Rank and organization: Ordinary Seaman, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: Massachusetts
  • G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864

Citation: Serving on board the U.S.S. Oneida in the engagement at Mobile Bay, 5 August 1864. Carrying out his duties as loader of the after 11-inch gun, Newland distinguished himself on board for his good conduct and faithful discharge of his station, behaving splendidly under the fire of the enemy and throughout the battle which resulted in the capture of the rebel ram Tennessee and the damaging of Fort Morgan.

NEWMAN, MARCELLUS J.

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company B, 111th Illinois Infantry
  • Place and date: At Resaca, Ga., 14 May 1864
  • Entered service at: Richview, Washington County, Ill.
  • Date of issue: 13 May 1899

Citation: Voluntarily returned, in the face of a severe fire from the enemy, and rescued a wounded comrade who had been left behind as the regiment fell back.

NEWMAN, WILLIAM H.

  • Rank and organization: Lieutenant, Company B, 86th New York Infantry
  • Place and date: Near Amelia Springs, Va., 6 April 1865
  • Date of issue: 10 May 1865

Citation: Capture of flag.

NIBBE, JOHN H.

  • Rank and organization: Quartermaster, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: New York
  • G.O. No.: 59, 22 June 1865

Citation: Served as quartermaster on board the U.S.S. Peterel during its capture in Yazoo River, 22 April 1864. Standing his ground when a shot came through the stern, raking the gundeck and entering and exploding the boilers, when all the others had deserted the flag, Nibbe assisted in getting the wounded off the guard and proceeded to get ready to fire the ship despite the escaping steam from the boilers at which time he was surrounded on all sides by the rebels and forced to surrender.

NICHOLS, HENRY C.

  • Rank and organization: Captain, Company E, 73d U.S. Colored Troops
  • Place and date: At Fort Blakely, Ala., 9 April 1865
  • Date of issue: 3 August 1897

Citation: Voluntarily made a reconnaissance in advance of the line held by his regiment and, under a heavy fire, obtained information of great value.

NICHOLS, WILLIAM

  • Rank and organization: Quartermaster, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: New York
  • G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864

Citation: On board the U.S.S. Brooklyn during successful attacks against Fort Morgan, rebel gunboats and the ram Tennessee, in Mobile Bay, on 5 August 1864. Despite severe damage to his ship and the loss of several men on board as enemy fire raked her decks from stem to stern, Nichols fought his gun with skill and courage throughout the furious battle which resulted in the surrender of the prize rebel ram Tennessee, and in the damaging and destruction of batteries at Fort Morgan.

NIVEN, ROBERT

  • Rank and organization: Second Lieutenant, Company H, 8th New York Cavalry
  • Place and date: At Waynesboro, Va., 2 March 1865
  • Entered service at: Rochester, N.Y.
  • Date of issue: 26 March 1865

Citation: Capture of 2 flags.

NOBLE, DANIEL

  • Rank and organization: Landsman, U.S. Navy
  • G.O. No.: 71, 15 January 1866

Citation: As landsman on board the U.S.S. Metacomet, Noble served among the boat's crew which went to the rescue of the U.S. Monitor Tecumseh when that vessel was struck by a torpedo in passing enemy forts in Mobile Bay, 5 August 1864. Noble braved the enemy fire which was said by the admiral to be "one of the most galling" he had ever seen and aided in rescuing from death 10 of the crew of the Tecumseh, thereby eliciting the admiration of both friend and foe.

NOLAN, JOHN J.

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company K, 8th New Hampshire Infantry
  • Place and date: At Georgia Landing, La., 27 October 1862
  • Entered service at: Nashua, N.H.
  • Date of issue: 3 August 1897

Citation: Although prostrated by a cannon shot, refused to give up the flag which he was carrying as color bearer of his regiment and continued to carry it at the head of the regiment throughout the engagement.

NOLL, CONRAD

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company D, 20th Michigan Infantry
  • Place and date: At Spotsylvania, Va., 12 May 1864
  • Entered service at: Ann Arbor, Mich.
  • Date of issue: 28 July 1896

Citation: Seized the colors, the color bearer having been shot down, and gallantly fought his way out with them, though the enemy were on the left flank and rear.

NORTH, JASPER N.

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company D, 4th West Virginia Infantry
  • Place and date: At Vicksburg, Miss., 22 May 1863
  • Entered service at: Ames, Ohio
  • Date of issue: 27 July 1894

Citation: Gallantry in the charge of the "volunteer storming party."

NORTON, ELLIOTT M.

  • Rank and organization: Second Lieutenant, Company H, 6th Michigan Cavalry
  • Place and date: At Sailors Creek, Va., 6 April 1865
  • Entered service at: Cooper, Mich.
  • Date of issue: 3 May 1865

Citation: Rushed ahead of his column and captured the flag of the 44th Tennessee Infantry (C.S.A.).

NORTON, JOHN R.

  • Rank and organization: Lieutenant, Company M, 1st New York (Lincoln) Cavalry
  • Place and date: At Sailors Creek, Va., 6 April 1865
  • Date of issue: 3 May 1865

Citation: Capture of flag.

NORTON, LLEWELLYN P.

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company L, 10th New York Cavalry
  • Place and date: At Sailors Creek, Va., 6 April 1865
  • Entered service at: Cortland County, N.Y.
  • Date of issue: 3 July 1865

Citation: Charged the enemy and, with the assistance of Corporal Bringle, captured a fieldpiece with 2 prisoners.

NOYES, WILLIAM W.

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company F, 2d Vermont Infantry
  • Place and date: At Spotsylvania, Va., 12 May 1864
  • Entered service at: Montpelier, Vt.
  • Date of issue: 22 March 1892

Citation: Standing upon the top of the breastworks, deliberately took aim and fired no less than 15 shots into the enemy's lines, but a few yards away.

NUGENT, CHRISTOPHER

  • Rank and organization: Orderly Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps
  • Accredited to: Massachusetts
  • G.O. No.: 32, 16 April 1864

Citation: Serving on board the U.S.S. Fort Henry, Crystal River, Fla., 15 June 1863. Reconnoitering on the Crystal River on this date and in charge of a boat from the Fort Henry, Orderly Sgt. Nugent ordered an assault upon a rebel breastwork fortification. In this assault, the orderly sergeant and his comrades drove a guard of 11 rebels into the swamp, capturing their arms and destroying their camp equipage while gallantly withholding fire to prevent harm to a woman among the fugitives. On 30 July 1863, he further proved his courage by capturing a boat off Depot Key, Fla., containing 2 men and a woman with their baggage.

NUTTING, LEE

  • Rank and organization: Captain, Company C., 61st New York Infantry
  • Place and date: At Todds Tavern, Va., 8 May 1864
  • Date of issue: 21 August 1893

Citation: Led the regiment in charge at a critical moment under a murderous fire until he fell desperately wounded.

O'BEIRNE, JAMES R.

  • Rank and organization: Captain, Company C, 37th New York Infantry
  • Place and date: At Fair Oaks, Va., 31 May and 1 June 1862
  • Entered service at: New York
  • Date of issue: 20 January 1891

Citation: Gallantly maintained the line of battle until ordered to fall back.

O'BRIEN, HENRY D.

  • Rank and organization: Corporal, Company E, 1st Minnesota Infantry
  • Place and date: At Gettysburg, Pa., 3 July 1863
  • Entered service at: St. Anthony Falls, Minn.
  • Date of issue: 9 April 1890

Citation: Taking up the colors where they had fallen, he rushed ahead of his regiment, close to the muzzles of the enemy's guns, and engaged in the desperate struggle in which the enemy was defeated, and though severely wounded, he held the colors until wounded a second time.

O'BRIEN, OLIVER

  • Rank and organization: Coxswain, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to. Massachusetts
  • G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864

Citation: Served as coxswain on board the U.S. Sloop John Adams, Sullvan's Island Channel, 28 November 1864. Taking part in the boarding of the blockade runner Beatrice while under heavy enemy fire from Fort Moultrie, O'Brien, who was in charge of one of the boarding launches, carried out his duties with prompt and energetic conduct. This action resulted in the firing of the Beatrice and the capture of a quantity of supplies from her.

O'BRIEN, PETER

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company A, 1st New York (Lincoln) Cavalry
  • Place and date: At Waynesboro, Va., 2 March 1865
  • Date of issue: 26 March 1865

Citation: Capture of flag and of a Confederate officer with his horse and equipment.

O'CONNELL, THOMAS

  • Rank and organization: Coal Heaver, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: New York
  • G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864

Citation: On board the flagship U.S.S. Hartford, during successful attacks against Fort Morgan, rebel gunboats and the ram Tennessee in Mobile Bay on 5 August 1864. Although a patient in the sick bay, O'Connell voluntarily reported at his station at the shell whip and continued to perform his duties with zeal and courage until his right hand was severed by an enemy shellburst.

O'CONNOR, ALBERT

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company A, 7th Wisconsin Infantry
  • Place and date: At Gravelly Run, Va., 31 March and 1 April 1865
  • Entered service at: West Point Township, Columbia County, Wis.
  • Date of issue: Unknown

Citation: On 31 March 1865, with a comrade, recaptured a Union officer from a detachment of 9 Confederates, capturing 3 of the detachment and dispersing the remainder, and on 1 April 1865, seized a stand of Confederate colors, killing a Confederate officer in a hand-to-hand contest over the colors and retaining the colors until surrounded by Confederates and compelled to relinquish them.

O'CONNOR, TIMOTHY

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company E, 1st U.S. Cavalry
  • Place and date: Unknown
  • Date of issue: 5 January 1865

Citation: Date and place of act not of record in War Department.

O'DEA, JOHN

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company D, 8th Missouri Infantry
  • Place and date: At Vicksburg, Miss., 22 May 1863
  • Entered service at: Clinton, DeWitt County, Ill.
  • Date of issue: 12 July 1894

Citation: Gallantry in the charge of the "volunteer storming party."

O'DONNELL, MENOMEN

  • Rank and organization: First Lieutenant, Company A, 11th Missouri Infantry
  • Place and date: At Vicksburg, Miss., 22 May 1863. At Fort DeRussey, La., 14 March 1864
  • Entered service at: Illinois
  • Date of issue: 11 September 1897

Citation: Voluntarily joined the color guard in the assault on the enemy's works when he saw indications of wavering and caused the colors of his regiment to be planted on the parapet. Voluntarily placed himself in the ranks of an assaulting column (being then on staff duty) and rode with it Into the enemy's works, being the only mounted officer present, was twice wounded in battle.

O'DONOGHUE, TIMOTHY

  • Rank and organization: Seaman, U.S. Navy,
  • Accredited to: New York
  • G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864

Citation: Served as boatswain's mate on board the U.S.S. Signal, Red River, 5 May 1864. Proceeding up the Red River, the U.S.S. Signal engaged a large force of enemy field batteries and sharpshooters, returning the fire until the ship was totally disabled, at which time the white flag was raised. Serving as gun captain, and wounded early in the battle, O'Donoghue bravely stood by his gun in the face of enemy fire until ordered to withdraw.

OLIVER, CHARLES

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company M, 100th Pennsylvania Infantry
  • Place and date: At Petersburg, Va., 25 March 1865
  • Entered service at: Allegheny County, Pa.
  • Date of issue: 3 July 1865

Citation: Capture of flag of 31st Georgia Infantry (C.S.A.).

OLIVER, PAUL A.

  • Rank and organization: Captain, Company D. 12th New York Infantry
  • Place and date: At Resaca, Ga. 15 May 1864
  • Entered service at: New York, N.Y.
  • Date of issue: 12 October 1892

Citation: While acting as aide assisted in preventing a disaster caused by Union troops firing into each other.

O'NEILL, STEPHEN

  • Rank and organization: Corporal, Company E, 7th U S. Infantry
  • Place and date: At Chancellorsville, Va., 1 May 1863
  • Date of issue: 28 September 1891

Citation: Took up the colors from the hands of the color bearer who had been shot down and bore them through the remainder of the battle.

OPEL, JOHN N.

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company G, 7th Indiana Infantry
  • Place and date: At Wilderness, Va., 5 May 1864
  • Entered service at: Decatur County, Ind.
  • Date of issue: 1 December 1864

Citation: Capture of flag of 50th Virginia Infantry (C.S.A.).

ORBANSKY, DAVID

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company B, 58th Ohio Infantry
  • Place and date: At Shiloh, Tenn.; Vicksburg, Miss., etc., 1862 and 1863
  • Entered service at: Columbus, Ohio
  • Date of issue: 2 August 1879

Citation: Gallantry in actions.

ORR, CHARLES A.

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company G, 187th New York Infantry
  • Place and date: At Hatchers Run, Va., 27 October 1864
  • Entered service at: Bennington, N.Y.
  • Date of issue: 1 April 1898

Citation: This soldier and two others, voluntarily and under fire, rescued several wounded and helpless soldiers.

ORR, ROBERT L.

  • Rank and organization: Major, 61st Pennsylvania Infantry
  • Place and date: At Petersburg, Va., 2 April 1865
  • Entered service at: Philadelphia, Pa.
  • Date of issue: 28 November 1892

Citation: Carried the colors at the head of the column in the assault after two color bearers had been shot down.

ORTEGA, JOHN

  • Rank and organization: Seaman, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: Pennsylvania
  • G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864

Citation: Served as seaman on board the U.S.S. Saratoga during actions of that vessel on 2 occasions. Carrying out his duties courageously during these actions, Ortega conducted himself gallantly through both periods. Promoted to acting master's mate.

ORTH, JACOB G.

  • Rank and organization: Corporal, Company D, 28th Pennsylvania Infantry
  • Place and date: At Antietam, Md., 17 September 1862
  • Date of issue: 15 January 1867

Citation: Capture of flag of 7th South Carolina Infantry (C.S.A.), in hand-to-hand encounter, although he was wounded in the shoulder.

OSBORNE, WILLIAM H.

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company C, 29th Massachusetts Infantry
  • Place and date: At Malvern Hill, Va., 1 July 1862
  • Date of issue: 1 April 1898

Citation: Although wounded and carried to the rear, he secured a rifle and voluntarily returned to the front, where, failing to find his own regiment, he joined another and fought with it until again severely wounded and taken prisoner.

OSS, ALBERT

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company B, 11th New Jersey Infantry
  • Place and date: At Chancellorsville, Va., 3 May 1863
  • Entered service at: Newark, N.J.
  • Date of issue: 6 May 1892

Citation: Remained in the rifle pits after the others had retreated, firing constantly, and contesting the ground step by step.

OVERTURF, JACOB H.

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company K, 83d Indiana Infantry
  • Place and date: at Vicksburg, Miss., 22 May 1863
  • Entered service at: Holton, Ind.
  • Date of issue: 13 August 1894

Citation: Gallantry in the charge of the "volunteer storming party."

OVIATT, MILES M.

  • Rank and organization: Corporal, U.S. Marine Corps
  • Accredited to: New York
  • G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864

Citation: On board the U.S.S. Brooklyn during action against rebel forts and gunboats and with the ram Tennessee in Mobile Bay, 5 August 1864. Despite severe damage to his ship and the loss of several men on board as enemy fire raked the deck, Cpl. Oviatt fought his gun with skill and courage throughout the furious 2-hour battle which resulted in the surrender of the rebel ram Tennessee.

PACKARD, LORON F.

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company E, 5th New York Cavalry
  • Place and date: At Raccoon Ford, Va., 27 November 1863
  • Entered service at: Cuba, N.Y.
  • Date of issue: 20 August 1894

Citation: After his command had retreated, this soldier, voluntarily and alone, returned to the assistance of a comrade and rescued him from the hands of 3 armed Confederates.

PALMER, GEORGE H.

  • Rank and organization: Musician, 1st Illinois Cavalry
  • Place and date: At Lexington, Mo., 20 September 1861
  • Entered service at: Illinois
  • Date of issue: 10 March 1896

Citation: Volunteered to fight in the trenches and also led a charge which resulted in the recapture of a Union hospital, together with Confederate sharpshooters then occupying the same.

PALMER, JOHN G.

  • Rank and organization: Corporal, Company F, 21st Connecticut Infantry
  • Place and date: At Fredericksburg, Va., 13 December 1862
  • Entered service at: Montville, Conn.
  • Date of issue: 30 October 1896

Citation: First of 6 men who volunteered to assist gunner of a battery upon which the enemy was concentrating its fire, and fought with the battery until the close of the engagement. His commanding officer felt he would never see this man alive again.

PALMER, WILLIAM J.

  • Rank and organization: Colonel, 15th Pennsylvania Cavalry
  • Place and date: At Red Hill, Ala., 14 January 1865
  • Entered service at: Philadelphia, Pa.
  • Date of issue: 24 February 1894

Citation: With less than 200 men, attacked and defeated a superior force of the enemy, capturing their fieldpiece and about 100 prisoners without losing a man.

PARKER, THOMAS

  • Rank and organization: Corporal, Company B, 2d Rhode Island Infantry
  • Place and date: At Petersburg, Va., 2 April 1865, at Sailors Creek, Va., 6 April 1865
  • Entered service at: Providence, R.I.
  • Date of issue: 29 May 1867

Citation: Planted the first color on the enemy's works. Carried the regimental colors over the creek after the regiment had broken and been repulsed.

PARKER, WILLIAM

  • Rank and organization: Captain of the Afterguard, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: Massachusetts
  • G.O. No.: 11, 3 April 1863

Citation: At the wheel on board the U.S.S. Cayuga during the capture of Forts St. Philip and Jackson, and New Orleans, 24 and 25 April 1862. As his ship led the advance column toward the barrier and both forts opened fire simultaneously, striking the vessel from stem to stern, Parker conscientiously performed his duties throughout the action in which attempts by 3 rebel steamers to butt and board were thwarted, and the ships driven off. Eleven gunboats were successfully engaged and the enemy garrisons forced to surrender during this battle in which the Cayuga sustained 46 hits.

PARKS, GEORGE

  • Rank and organization: Captain of the Forecastle, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: New York
  • G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864

Citation: On board the U.S.S. Richmond during action against rebel forts and gunboats and with the ram Tennessee in Mobile Bay, 5 August 1864. Despite damage to his ship and the loss of several men on board as enemy fire raked her decks, Parks performed his duties with skill and courage throughout a furious 2-hour battle which resulted in the surrender of the rebel ram Tennessee and in the damaging and destruction of batteries at Fort Morgan.

PARKS, HENRY JEREMIAH

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company A, 9th New York Cavalry
  • Place and date: At Cedar Creek, Va., 19 October 1864
  • Entered service at: Orangeville, N.Y.
  • Date of issue: 26 October 1864

Citation: While alone and in advance of his unit and attempting to cut off the retreat of a supply wagon, he fought and sent to flight a Confederate color bearer. After capturing the color bearer and leaving him in the rear, he returned to the front and captured 3 more wagons and drivers.

PARKS, JAMES W.

  • Rank and organization: Corporal, Company F, 11th Missouri Infantry
  • Place and date: At Nashville, Tenn., 16 December 1864
  • Entered service at: Xenia, Clay County, Ill.
  • Date of issue: 24 February 1865

Citation: Capture of flag.

PARROTT, JACOB

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company K, 33d Ohio Infantry
  • Place and date: Georgia, April 1862
  • Entered service at: Hardin County, Ohio
  • Date of issue: 25 March 1863
  • 1st to receive Medal of Honor

Citation: One of the 19 of 22 men (including 2 civilians) who, by direction of Gen. Mitchell (or Buell) penetrated nearly 200 miles south into enemy territory and captured a railroad train at Big Shanty, Ga., in an attempt to destroy the bridges and tracks between Chattanooga and Atlanta.

PARSONS, JOEL

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company B, 4th West Virginia Infantry
  • Place and date: At Vicksburg, Miss., 22 May 1863
  • Entered service at: Mason City, W. Va.
  • Date of issue: 16 August 1894

Citation: Gallantry in the charge of the "volunteer storming party."

PATTERSON, JOHN H.

  • Rank and organization: First Lieutenant, 11th U.S. Infantry
  • Place and date: At Wilderness, Va., 5 May 1864
  • Entered service at: New York
  • Date of issue: 23 July 1897

Citation: Under the heavy fire of the advancing enemy, picked up and carried several hundred yards to a place of safety a wounded officer of his regiment who was helpless and would otherwise have been burned in the forest.

PATTERSON, JOHN T.

  • Rank and organization: Principal Musician, 122d Ohio Infantry
  • Place and date: At Winchester, Va., 14 June 1863
  • Date of issue: 13 May 1899

Citation: With one companion, voluntarily went in front of the Union line, under a heavy fire from the enemy, and carried back a helpless wounded comrade, thus saving him from death or capture.

PAUL, WILLIAM H.

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company E, 90th Pennsylvania Infantry
  • Place and date: At Antietam, Md., 17 September 1862
  • Date of issue: 3 November 1896

Citation: Under a most withering and concentrated fire, voluntarily picked up the colors of his regiment, when the bearer and 2 of the color guard had been killed, and bore them aloft throughout the entire battle.

PAY, BYRON E.

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company H, 2d Minnesota Infantry
  • Place and date: At Nolensville, Tenn., 15 February 1863
  • Entered service at: Mankato, Minn.
  • Date of issue: 11 September 1897

Citation: Was one of a detachment of 16 men who heroically defended a wagon train against the attack of 125 cavalry, repulsed the attack and saved the train.

PAYNE, IRVIN C.

  • Rank and organization: Corporal, Company M, 2d New York Cavalry
  • Place and date: At Sailors Creek, Va., 6 April 1865
  • Date of issue: 3 May 1865

Citation: Capture of Virginia State colors.

PAYNE, THOMAS H. L.

  • Rank and organization: First Lieutenant, Company E, 37th Illinois Infantry
  • Place and date: At Fort Blakely, Ala., 9 April 1865
  • Entered service at: Mendota, La Salle County, Ill.
  • Date of issue: 1 April 1898

Citation: While acting regimental quartermaster, learning of an expected assault, requested assignment to a company that had no commissioned officers present; was so assigned, and was one of the first to lead his men into the enemy's works.

PEARSALL, PLATT

  • Rank and organization: Corporal, Company C, 30th Ohio Infantry
  • Place and date: At Vicksburg, Miss., 22 May 1863
  • Date of issue: 14 August 1894

Citation: Gallantry in the charge of the "volunteer storming party."

PEARSON, ALFRED L.

  • Rank and organization: Colonel, 155th Pennsylvania Infantry
  • Place and date: At Lewis' Farm, Va., 29 March 1865
  • Entered service at: Pittsburgh, Pa.
  • Date of issue: 17 September 1897

Citation: Seeing a brigade forced back by the enemy, he seized his regimental color, called on his men to follow him, and advanced upon the enemy under a severe fire. The whole brigade took up the advance, the lost ground was regained, and the enemy was repulsed.

PEASE, JOACHIM

  • Rank and organization: Seaman, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: New York
  • G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864

Citation: Served as seaman on board the U.S.S. Kearsarge when she destroyed the Alabama off Cherbourg, France, 19 June 1864. Acting as loader on the No. 2 gun during this bitter engagement, Pease exhibited marked coolness and good conduct and was highly recommended by the divisional officer for gallantry under fire.

PECK, CASSIUS

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company F, 1st U.S. Sharpshooters
  • Place and date: Near Blackburn's Ford, Va., 19 September 1862
  • Date of issue: 12 October 1892

Citation: Took command of such soldiers as he could get and attacked and captured a Confederate battery of 4 guns. Also, while on a reconnaissance, overtook and captured a Confederate soldier.

PECK, OSCAR E.

  • Rank and organization: Second Class Boy, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: Connecticut
  • G.O. No.: 11, 3 April 1863

Citation: Peck served as second-class boy on board the Varuna during an attack on Forts Jackson and St. Philip, 24 April 1862. Acting as powder boy of the after rifle, Peck served gallantly while the Varuna was repeatedly attacked and rammed and finally sunk. This was an extremely close-range action and, although badly damaged, the Varuna delivered shells abaft the Morgan's armor.

PECK, THEODORE S.

  • Rank and organization: First Lieutenant, Company H, 9th Vermont Infantry
  • Place and date: At Newport Barracks, N.C., 2 February 1864
  • Entered service at: Burlington, Vt.
  • Date of issue: 8 September 1891

Citation: By long and persistent resistance and burning the bridges, kept a superior force of the enemy at bay and covered the retreat of the garrison.

PEIRSOL, JAMES K.

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company F, 13th Ohio Cavalry
  • Place and date: At Paines Crossroads, Va., 5 April 1865
  • Date of issue: 3 May 1865

Citation: Capture of flag.

PELHAM, WILLIAM

  • Rank and organization: Landsman, U.S. Navy
  • Enlisted in: Nova Scotia
  • G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864

Citation: On board the flagship U.S.S. Hartford during successful actions against Fort Morgan, rebel gunboats and the ram Tennessee in Mobile Bay, 5 August 1864. When the other members of his guncrew were killed or wounded under the enemy's terrific shellfire, Pelham calmly assisted the casualties below and voluntarily returned and took his place at an adjoining gun where another man had been struck down. He continued to fight his gun throughout the remainder of the battle which resulted in the capture of the Tennessee.

PENNYPACKER, GALUSHA

  • Rank and organization: Colonel, 97th Pennsylvania Infantry
  • Place and date: At Fort Fisher, N.C., 15 January 1865
  • Entered service at: West Chester, Pa.
  • Date of issue: 17 August 1891

Citation: Gallantly led the charge over a traverse and planted the colors of one of his regiments thereon, was severely wounded.

PENTZER, PATRICK H.

  • Rank and organization: Captain, Company C, 97th Illinois Infantry
  • Place and date: At Blakely, Ala., 9 April 1865
  • Entered service at: Gillespie, Macoupin County, Ill.
  • Date of issue: 9 October 1 879

Citation: Among the first to enter the enemy's entrenchments, he received the surrender of a Confederate general officer and his headquarters flag.

PERRY, THOMAS

  • Rank and organization: Boatswain's Mate, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: New York
  • G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864

Citation: Served as boatswain's mate on board the U.S.S. Kearsarge when she destroyed the Alabama off Cherbourg, France, 19 June 1864. Acting as captain of the No. 2 gun during this bitter engagement, Perry exhibited marked coolness and good conduct under the enemy fire and was recommended for gallantry by his divisional officer.

PESCH, JOSEPH

  • Rank and organization: Private, Battery A, 1st Missouri Light Artillery
  • Place and date: At Grand Gulf, Miss., 28-29 April 1863
  • Entered service at: St. Louis, Mo.
  • Date of issue: 10 March 1896

Citation: With 2 comrades voluntarily took position on board the steamer Cheeseman, in charge of all the guns and ammunition of the battery, and remained in charge of the same, although the steamer became unmanageable and was exposed for some time to a heavy fire from the enemy.

PETERS, HENRY C.

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company B, 47th Ohio Infantry
  • Place and date: At Vicksburg, Miss., 3 May 1863
  • Entered service at: Adrian, Mich.
  • Date of issue: 5 April 1917

Citation: Was one of a party that volunteered and attempted to run the enemy's batteries with a steam tug and 2 barges loaded with subsistence stores.

PETERSON, ALFRED

  • Rank and organization: Seaman, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: New York
  • G.O. No.: 11, 3 April 1863

Citation: On board the U.S.S. Commodore Perry in the attack upon Franklin, Va., 3 October 1862. With enemy fire raking the deck of his ship and blockades thwarting her progress, Peterson remained at his post and performed his duties with skill and courage as the Commodore Perry fought a gallant battle to silence many rebel batteries as she steamed down the Blackwater River.

PETTY, PHILIP

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company A, 136th Pennsylvania Infantry
  • Place and date: At Fredericksburg, Va., 13 December 1862
  • Entered service at: Tioga County, Pa.
  • Date of issue: 21 August 1893

Citation: Took up the colors as they fell out of the hands of the wounded color bearer and carried them forward in the charge.

PHELPS, CHARLES E.

  • Rank and organization: Colonel, 7th Maryland Infantry
  • Place and date: At Laurel Hill, Va., 8 May 1864
  • Entered service at: Baltimore, Md.
  • Date of issue: 30 March 1898

Citation: Rode to the head of the assaulting column, then much broken by severe losses and faltering under the close fire of artillery, placed himself conspicuously in front of the troops, and gallantly rallied and led them to within a few feet of the enemy's works, where he was severely wounded and captured.

PHILLIPS, JOSIAH

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company E, 148th Pennsylvania Infantry
  • Place and date: At Sutherland Station, Va., 2 April 1865
  • Entered service at: Ulysses, Pa.
  • Date of issue: 10 May 1865

Citation: Capture of flag.

PHINNEY, WILLIAM

  • Rank and organization: Boatswain's Mate, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: New York
  • G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864

Citation: On board the U.S.S. Lackawanna during successful attacks against Fort Morgan, rebel gunboats and the ram, Tennessee in Mobile Bay, 5 August 1864. Serving as a gun captain Phinney showed much presence of mind in managing the gun, and gave much needed encouragement to the crew during the engagement which resulted in the capture of the prize rebel ram Tennessee and in the damaging and destruction of Fort Morgan.

PHISTERER, FREDERICK

  • Rank and organization: First Lieutenant, 18th U.S. Infantry
  • Place and date: At Stone River, Tenn., 31 December 1862
  • Entered service at: Medina County, Ohio
  • Date of issue: 12 December 1894

Citation: Voluntarily conveyed, under a heavy fire, information to the commander of a battalion of regular troops by which the battalion was saved from capture or annihilation.

PICKLE, ALONZO H.

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company B, 1st Battalion Minnesota Infantry
  • Place and date: At Deep Bottom, Va., 14 August 1864
  • Entered service at: Dover, Minn.
  • Date of issue: 12 June 1895

Citation: At the risk of his life, voluntarily went to the assistance of a wounded officer lying close to the enemy's lines and, under fire carried him to a place of safety.

PIKE, EDWARD M.

  • Rank and organization: First Sergeant, Company A, 33d Illinois Infantry
  • Place and date: At Cache River, Ark., 7 July 1862
  • Entered service at: Bloomington, Ill.
  • Date of issue: 29 March 1899

Citation: While the troops were falling back before a superior force, this soldier, assisted by one companion, and while under severe fire at close range, saved a cannon from capture by the enemy.

PINGREE, SAMUEL E.

  • Rank and organization: Captain, Company F, 3d Vermont Infantry
  • Place and date: Lees Mills, Va., 16 April 1862
  • Entered service at: Hartford, Vt.
  • Date of issue: 17 August 1891

Citation: Gallantly led his company across a wide, deep creek, drove the enemy from the rifle pits, which were within 2 yards of the farther bank, and remained at the head of his men until a second time severely wounded.

PINKHAM, CHARLES H.

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant Major, 57th Massachusetts Infantry
  • Place and date: At Fort Stedman, Va., 25 March 1865
  • Date of issue: 15 April 1895

Citation: Captured the flag of the 57th North Carolina Infantry (C.S.A.) and saved his own colors by tearing them from the staff while the enemy was in the camp.

PINN, ROBERT

  • Rank and organization: First Sergeant, Company I, 5th U.S. Colored Troops
  • Place and date: At Chapins Farm, Va., 29 September 1864
  • Entered service at: Massillon, Ohio
  • Date of issue: 6 April 1865

Citation: Took command of his company after all the officers had been killed or wounded and gallantly led it in battle.

PIPES, JAMES

  • Rank and organization: Captain, Company A, 140th Pennsylvania Infantry
  • Place and date: At Gettysburg, Pa., 2 July 1863; At Reams Station, Va., 25 August 1864
  • Date of issue: 5 April 1898

Citation: While a sergeant and retiring with his company before the rapid advance of the enemy at Gettysburg, he and a companion stopped and carried to a place of safety a wounded and helpless comrade; in this act both he and his companion were severely wounded. A year later, at Reams Station, Va., while commanding a skirmish line, voluntarily assisted in checking a flank movement of the enemy, and while so doing was severely wounded, suffering the loss of an arm.

PITMAN, GEORGE J.

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company C, 1st New York (Lincoln) Cavalry
  • Place and date: At Sailors Creek, Va., 6 April 1865
  • Entered service at: Philadelphia, Pa.
  • Date of issue: 3 May 1865

Citation: Capture of flag of the Sumter Heavy Artillery (C.S.A.).

PITTINGER, WILLIAM

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company G, 2d Ohio Infantry
  • Place and date: Georgia, April 1862
  • Entered service at: Jefferson County, Ohio
  • Date of issue: 25 March 1863
  • 5th to receive Medal of Honor

Citation: One of the 19 of 22 men (including 2 civilians) who, by direction of Gen. Mitchell (or Buell), penetrated nearly 200 miles south into enemy territory and captured a railroad train at Big Shanty, Ga., in an attempt to destroy the bridges and tract between Chattanooga and Atlanta.

PLANT, HENRY E.

  • Rank and organization: Corporal, Company F, 14th Michigan Infantry
  • Place and date: At Bentonville, N.C., 19 March 1865
  • Entered service at: Cockery, Mich.
  • Date of issue: 27 April 1896

Citation: Rushed into the midst of the enemy and rescued the colors, the color bearer having fallen mortally wounded.

PLATT, GEORGE C.

  • Rank and organization: Private, Troop H, 6th U.S. Cavalry
  • Place and date: At Fairfield, Pa., 3 July 63
  • Date of issue: 12 July 1895

Citation: Seized the regimental flag upon the death of the standard bearer in a hand-to-hand fight and prevented it from falling into the hands of the enemy.

PLIMLEY, WILLIAM

  • Rank and organization: First Lieutenant, Company F, 120th New York Infantry
  • Place and date: At Hatchers Run, Va., 2 April 1865
  • Entered service at: Catskill, N.Y.
  • Date of issue: 4 April 1898

Citation: While acting as aide to a general officer, voluntarily accompanied a regiment in an assault on the enemy's works and acted as leader of the movement which resulted in the rout of the enemy and the capture of a large number of prisoners.

PLOWMAN, GEORGE H.

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant Major, 3d Maryland Infantry
  • Place and date: At Petersburg, Va., 17 June 1864
  • Date of issue: 1 December 1864

Citation: Recaptured the colors of the 2d Pennsylvania Provisional Artillery.

PLUNKETT, THOMAS

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company E, 21st Massachusetts Infantry
  • Place and date: At Fredericksburg, Va., 11 December 1862
  • Entered service at: West Boylston, Mass.
  • Date of issue: 30 March 1866

Citation: Seized the colors of his regiment, the color bearer having been shot down, and bore them to the front where both his arms were carried off by a shell.

POND, GEORGE F.

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company C, 3d Wisconsin Cavalry
  • Place and date: At Drywood, Kans., 15 May 1864
  • Entered service at: Fairwater, Fond du Lac County, Wis.
  • Date of Issue: 16 May 1899

Citation: With 2 companions, attacked a greatly superior force of guerrillas, routed them, and rescued several prisoners.

POND, JAMES B.

  • Rank and organization: First Lieutenant, Company C, 3d Wisconsin Cavalry
  • Place and date: At Baxter Springs, Kans., 6 October 1863
  • Entered service at: Janesville, Rock County, Wis.
  • Date of issue: 30 March 1898

Citation: While in command of 2 companies of Cavalry, was surprised and attacked by several times his own number of guerrillas, but gallantly rallied his men, and after a severe struggle drove the enemy outside the fortifications. 1st Lt. Pond then went outside the works and, alone and unaided, fired a howitzer 3 times, throwing the enemy into confusion and causing him to retire.

POOLE, WILLIAM B.

  • Rank and organization: Quartermaster, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: Maine
  • G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864

Citation: Service as quartermaster on board the U.S.S. Kearsarge when she destroyed the Alabama off Cherbourg, France, 19 June 1864. Stationed at the helm, Poole steered the ship during the engagement in a cool and most creditable manner and was highly commended by his divisional officer for his gallantry under fire.

PORTER, AMBROSE

  • Rank and organization: Commissary Sergeant, Company D, 12th Missouri Cavalry
  • Place and date: At Tallahatchie River, Miss., 7 August 1864
  • Entered service at: Rockport, Atchison County, Mo.
  • Date of issue: 24 August 1905

Citation: Was 1 of 4 volunteers who swam the river under a brisk fire of the enemy's sharpshooters and brought over a ferry boat by means of which the troops crossed and dislodged the enemy from a strong position.

PORTER, HORACE

  • Rank and organization: Captain, Ordnance Department, U.S. Army
  • Place and date: At Chickamauga, Ga., 20 September 1863
  • Entered service at: Harrisburgh, Pa.
  • Date of issue: 8 July 1902

Citation: While acting as a volunteer aide, at a critical moment when the lines were broken, rallied enough fugitives to hold the ground under heavy fire long enough to effect the escape of wagon trains and batteries.

PORTER, JOHN R.

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company G, 2 1st Ohio Infantry
  • Place and date: Georgia, April 1862
  • Entered service at: Findley, Ohio
  • Date of issue: September 1863

Citation: One of the 19 of 22 men (including 2 civilians) who, by direction of Gen. Mitchell (or Buell), penetrated nearly 200 miles south into enemy territory and captured a railroad train at Big Shanty, Ga., in an attempt to destroy the bridges and track between Chattanooga and Atlanta.

PORTER, WILLIAM

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company H, 1st New Jersey Cavalry
  • Place and date: At Sailors Creek, Va., 6 April 1865
  • Date of issue: 3 July 1865

Citation: Among the first to check the enemy's countercharge.

POST, PHILIP SIDNEY

  • Rank and organization: Colonel, 59th Illinois Infantry
  • Place and date: At Nashville, Tenn., 15-16 December 1864
  • Entered service at: Galesburg, Ill.
  • Date of issue: 18 March 1893

Citation: Led his brigade in an attack upon a strong position under a terrific fire of grape, canister, and musketry; was struck down by a grapeshot after he had reached the enemy's works.

POSTLES, JAMES PARKE

  • Rank and organization: Captain, Company A, 1st Delaware Infantry
  • Place and date: At Gettysburg, Pa., 2 July 1863
  • Entered service at: Wilmington, Del.
  • Date of issue: 22 July 1892

Citation: Voluntarily delivered an order in the face of heavy fire of the enemy.

POTTER, GEORGE W.

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company G, 1st Rhode Island Light Artillery
  • Place and date: At Petersburg, Va., 2 April 1865
  • Entered service at: Coventry, R.I.
  • Date of issue: 4 March 1886

Citation: Was one of a detachment of 20 picked artillerymen who voluntarily accompanied an infantry assaulting party, and who turned upon the enemy the guns captured in the assault.

POTTER, NORMAN F.

  • Rank and organization: First Sergeant, Company E, 149th New York Infantry
  • Place and date: At Lookout Mountain, Tenn., 24 November 1863
  • Entered service at: Pompey, N.Y.
  • Date of issue: 24 June 1865

Citation: Capture of flag (Bragg's army).

POWELL, WILLIAM H.

  • Rank and organization: Major, 2d West Virginia Cavalry
  • Place and date: At Sinking Creek Valley, Va., 26 November 1862
  • Entered service at: Ironton, Ohio
  • Date of issue: 22 July 1890

Citation: Distinguished services in raid, where with 20 men, he charged and captured the enemy's camp, 500 strong, without the loss of man or gun.

POWER, ALBERT

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company A, 3d Iowa Cavalry
  • Place and date: At Pea Ridge, Ark., 7 March 1862
  • Entered service at: Davis County, Iowa
  • Date of issue: 6 March 1899

Citation: Under a heavy fire and at great personal risk went to the aid of a dismounted comrade who was surrounded by the enemy, took him up on his own horse, and carried him to a place of safety.

POWERS, WESLEY J.

  • Rank and organization: Corporal, Company F, 147th Illinois Infantry
  • Place and date: At Oostanaula, Ga., 3 April 1865
  • Entered service at: Virgil, Ill.
  • Date of issue: 24 October 1895

Citation: Voluntarily swam the river under heavy fire and secured a ferryboat, by means of which the command crossed.

PRANCE, GEORGE

  • Rank and organization: Captain of the Main Top, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: Massachusetts
  • G.O. No.: 59, 22 June 1865

Citation: On board the U.S.S. Ticonderoga during attacks on Fort Fisher, 24 and 25 December 1864; and 13 to 15 January 1865. Despite heavy return fire by the enemy and the explosion of the 100-pounder Parrott rifle which killed 8 men and wounded 12 more, Prance as captain of a gun, performed his duties with skill and courage during the first 2 days of battle. As his ship again took position on the line on the 13th, he remained steadfast as the Ticonderoga maintained a well-placed fire upon the batteries on shore, and thereafter as she materially lessened the power of guns on the mound which had been turned upon our assaulting columns. During this action the flag was planted on one of the strongest fortifications possessed by the rebels.

PRENTICE, JOSEPH R.

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company E, 19th U.S. Infantry
  • Place and date: At Stone River, Tenn., 31 December 1862
  • Date of issue: 3 February 1894

Citation: Voluntarily rescued the body of his commanding officer, who had fallen mortally wounded. He brought off the field his mortally wounded leader under direct and constant rifle fire.

PRESTON, JOHN

  • Rank and organization: Landsman, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: Massachusetts
  • G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864

Citation: Served on board the U.S.S. Oneida in the engagement at Mobile Bay, 5 August 1864. Severely wounded, Preston remained at his gun throughout the engagement which resulted in the capture of the rebel ram Tennessee and the damaging of Fort Morgan, carrying on until obliged to go to the surgeon to whom he reported himself as "only slightly injured." He then assisted in taking care of the wounded below and wanted to be allowed to return to his battle station on deck. Upon close examination it was found that he was wounded quite severely in both eyes.

PRESTON, NOBLE D.

  • Rank and organization: First Lieutenant and Commissary, 10th New York Cavalry
  • Place and date: At Trevilian Station, Va., 11 June 1864
  • Entered service at: Fulton, N.Y.
  • Date of issue: 22 November 1889

Citation: Voluntarily led a charge in which he was severely wounded.

PRICE, EDWARD

  • Rank and organization: Coxswain, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: New York
  • G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864

Citation: On board the U.S.S. Brooklyn during successful attacks against Fort Morgan, rebel gunboats and the ram Tennessee in Mobile Bay, 5 August 1864. When the sponge broke, leaving the head in the gun, and completely disabling the weapon, Price immediately cleared it by pouring powder into the vent and blowing the sponge head out, thereafter continuing to man the weapon until the close of the furious action which resulted in the capture of the prize rebel ram Tennessee and in the infliction of damage and destruction on Fort Morgan.

PROVINCE, GEORGE

  • Rank and organization: Ordinary Seaman, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: New York
  • G.O. No.: 59, 22 June 1865

Citation: On board the U.S.S. Santiago de Cuba during the assault on Fort Fisher on 15 January 1865. As one of a boat crew detailed to one of the generals on shore, Province bravely entered the fort in the assault and accompanied his party in carrying dispatches at the height of the battle. He was 1 of 6 men who entered the fort in the assault from the fleet.

PURCELL, HIRAM W.

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company G, 104th Pennsylvania Infantry
  • Place and date: At Fair Oaks, Va., 31 May 1862
  • Date of issue: 12 May 1894

Citation: While carrying the regimental colors on the retreat he returned to face the advancing enemy, flag in hand, and saved the other color, which would otherwise have been captured.

PURMAN, JAMES J.

  • Rank and organization: Lieutenant, Company A, 140th Pennsylvania Infantry
  • Place and date: At Gettysburg, Pa., 2 July 1863
  • Entered service at: Greene County, Pa.
  • Date of issue: 30 October 1896

Citation: Voluntarily assisted a wounded comrade to a place of apparent safety while the enemy were in close proximity; he received the fire of the enemy and a wound which resulted in the amputation of his left leg.

PUTNAM, EDGAR P.

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company D, 9th New York Cavalry
  • Place and date: At Crumps Creek, Va., 27 May 1864
  • Entered service at: Stockton, N.Y.
  • Date of issue: 13 May 1892

Citation: With a small force on a reconnaissance drove off a strong body of the enemy, charged into another force of the enemy's cavalry and stampeded them, taking 27 prisoners.

PUTNAM, WINTHROP D.

  • Rank and organization: Corporal, Company A, 77th Illinois Infantry
  • Place and date: At Vicksburg, Miss., 22 May 1863
  • Entered service at: Peoria, Ill.
  • Date of issue: 4 April 1898

Citation: Carried, with others, by hand, a cannon up to and fired it through an embrasure of the enemy's works.

PYNE, GEORGE

  • Rank and organization: Seaman, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: New York
  • G.O. No.: 59, 22 June 1865

Citation: As seaman on board the U.S.S. Magnolia, St. Marks, Fla., 5 and 6 March 1865. Serving with the Army in charge of Navy howitzers during the attack on St. Marks and throughout this fierce engagement, Pyne, although wounded, made remarkable efforts in assisting transport of the gun, and his coolness and determination in courageously standing by his gun while under the fire of the enemy were a credit to the service to which he belonged.

QUAY, MATTHEW S.

  • Rank and organization: Colonel, 134th Pennsylvania Infantry
  • Place and date: At Fredericksburg, Va., 13 December 1862
  • Entered service at: Beaver County, Pa.
  • Date of issue: 9 July 1888

Citation: Although out of service, he voluntarily resumed duty on the eve of battle and took a conspicuous part in the charge on the heights.

QUINLAN, JAMES

  • Rank and organization: Major, 88th New York Infantry
  • Place and date: At Savage Station, Va., 29 June 1862
  • Entered service at: New York, N.Y.
  • Date of issue: 18 February 1891

Citation: Led his regiment on the enemy's battery, silenced the guns, held the position against overwhelming numbers, and covered the retreat of the 2d Army Corps.

RAFFERTY, PETER

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company B, 69th New York Infantry
  • Place and date: At Malvern Hill, Va., 1 July 1862
  • Entered service at: New York, N.Y.
  • Date of issue: 2 August 1897

Citation: Having been wounded and directed to the rear, declined to go, but continued in action, receiving several additional wounds, which resulted in his capture by the enemy and his total disability for military service.

RAMSBOTTOM, ALFRED

  • Rank and organization: First Sergeant, Company K, 97th Ohio Infantry
  • Place and date: At Franklin, Tenn., 30 November 1864
  • Date of issue: 24 February 1865

Citation: Captured the flag of the 2d Mississippi Infantry (C.S.A.), in a hand-to-hand fight with the color bearer.

RAND, CHARLES F.

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company K, 12th New York Infantry
  • Place and date: At Blackburns Ford, Va., 18 July 1861
  • Entered service at: Batavia, N.Y.
  • Date of issue: 23 October 1897

Citation: Remained in action when a part of his regiment broke in disorder, joined another company, and fought with it through the remainder of the engagement.

RANNAHAN, JOHN

  • Rank and organization: Corporal, U.S. Marine Corps
  • Accredited to: Pennsylvania
  • G.O. No.: 59, 22 June 1865

Citation: On board the U.S.S. Minnesota in the assault on Fort Fisher, 15 January 1865. Landing on the beach with the assaulting party from his ship, Cpl. Rannahan advanced to the top of the sandhill and partly through the breach in the palisades despite enemy fire which killed or wounded many officers and men. When more than two-thirds of the men became seized with panic and retreated on the run, he remained with the party until dark when it came safely away, bringing its wounded, its arms and its colors.

RANNEY, GEORGE E.

  • Rank and organization: Assistant Surgeon, 2d Michigan Cavalry
  • Place and date: At Resaca, Ga., 14 May 1864
  • Entered service at: Detroit, Mich.
  • Date of issue: 24 April 1901

Citation: At great personal risk, went to the aid of a wounded soldier, Pvt. Charles W. Baker, lying under heavy fire between the lines, and with the aid of an orderly carried him to a place of safety.

RANNEY, MYRON H.

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company G, 13th New York Infantry
  • Place and date: At Bull Run, Va., 30 August 1862
  • Date of issue: 23 March 1895

Citation: Picked up the colors and carried them off the field after the color bearer had been shot down; was himself wounded.

RATCLIFF, EDWARD

  • Rank and organization: First Sergeant, Company C, 38th U.S. Colored Troops
  • Place and date: At Chapins Farm, Va., 29 September 1864
  • Date of issue: 6 April 1865

Citation: Commanded and gallantly led his company after the commanding officer had been killed; was the first enlisted man to enter the enemy's works.

RAUB, JACOB F.

  • Rank and organization: Assistant Surgeon, 210th Pennsylvania Infantry
  • Place and date: At Hatchers Run, Va., 5 February 1865
  • Entered service at: Weaversville, Pa.
  • Date of issue: 20 April 1896

Citation: Discovering a flank movement by the enemy, appraised the commanding general at great peril, and though a noncombatant voluntarily participated with the troops in repelling this attack.

RAYMOND, WILLIAM H.

  • Rank and organization: Corporal, Company A, 108th New York Infantry
  • Place and date: At Gettysburg, Pa., 3 July 1863
  • Entered service at: Penfield, N.Y.
  • Date of issue: 10 March 1896

Citation: Voluntarily and under a severe fire brought a box of ammunition to his comrades on the skirmish line.

READ, CHARLES

  • Rank and organization: Ordinary Seaman, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: New York
  • G.O. No. 59, 22 June 1865

Citation: As seaman on board the U.S.S. Magnolia, St. Marks, Fla., 5 and 6 March 1865. Serving with the Army in charge of Navy howitzers during the attack on St. Marks and throughout this fierce engagement, Read made remarkable efforts in assisting transport of the gun, and his coolness and determination in courageously standing by his gun while under the fire of the enemy were a credit to the service to which he belonged.

READ, CHARLES A.

  • Rank and organization: Coxswain, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: Ohio
  • G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864

Citation: Served as coxswain on board the U.S.S. Kearsarge when she destroyed the Alabama off Cherbourg, France, 19 June 1864. Acting as the first sponger of the pivot gun during this bitter engagement, Read exhibited marked coolness and good conduct and was highly recommended for his gallantry under fire by his divisional officer.

READ, GEORGE E.

  • Rank and organization: Seaman, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: Rhode Island
  • G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864

Citation: Served as seaman on board the U.S.S. Kearsarge when she destroyed the Alabama off Cherbourg, France, 19 June 1864. Acting as the first loader of the No. 2 gun during this bitter engagement, Read exhibited marked coolness and good conduct and was highly recommended for his gallantry under fire by his divisional officer.

READ, MORTON A.

  • Rank and organization: Lieutenant, Company D, 8th New York Cavalry
  • Place and date: At Appomattox Station, Va., 8 April 1865
  • Entered service at: Brockport, N.Y.
  • Date of issue: 3 May 1865

Citation: Capture of flag of 1st Texas Infantry (C.S.A.).

REBMANN, GEORGE F.

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company B, 119th Illinois Infantry
  • Place and date: At Blakely, Ala., 9 April 1865
  • Entered service at: Browning, Schuyler County, Ill.
  • Date of issue: 8 June 1865

Citation: Capture of flag.

REDDICK, WILLIAM H. (6th to receive Medal of Honor)

  • Rank and organization: Corporal, Company B, 33d Ohio Infantry
  • Place and date: Georgia, April 1862
  • Entered service at: Ohio
  • Date of issue: 25 March 1863

Citation: One of the 19 of 22 men (including 2 civilians) who, by direction of Gen. Mitchell (or Buell), penetrated nearly 200 miles south into enemy territory and captured a railroad train at Big Shanty, Ga., in an attempt to destroy the bridges and tracks between Chattanooga and Atlanta.

REED, AXEL H.

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company K, 2d Minnesota Infantry
  • Place and date: At Chickamauga, Ga., 19 September 1863; At Missionary Ridge, Tenn., 25 November 1863
  • Entered service at: Glencoe, Minn.
  • Date of issue: 2 April 1898

Citation: While in arrest at Chickamauga, Ga., left his place in the rear and voluntarily went to the line of battle, secured a rifle, and fought gallantly during the 2-day battle; was released from arrest in recognition of his bravery. At Missionary Ridge commanded his company and gallantly led it, being among the first to enter the enemy's works; was severely wounded, losing an arm, but declined a discharge and remained in active service to the end of the war.

REED, CHARLES W.

  • Rank and organization: Bugler, 9th Independent Battery, Massachusetts Light Artillery
  • Place and date: At Gettysburg, Pa., 2 July 1863
  • Date of issue: 16 August 1895

Citation: Rescued his wounded captain from between the lines.

REED, GEORGE W.

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company E, 11th Pennsylvania Infantry
  • Place and date: At Weldon Railroad, Va., 21 August 1864
  • Entered service at: Johnstown, Pa.
  • Date of issue: 6 September 1864

Citation: Capture of flag of 24th North Carolina Volunteers (C.S.A.).

REED, WILLIAM

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company H, 8th Missouri Infantry
  • Place and date: At Vicksburg, Miss., 22 May 1863
  • Entered service at: Pekin, Tazwell County, Ill.
  • Date of issue: 12 December 1895

Citation: Gallantry in the charge of the "volunteer storming party."

REEDER, CHARLES A.

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company G, 12th West Virginia Infantry
  • Place and date: At Battery Gregg, near Petersburg, Va., 2 April 1865
  • Date of issue: 3 April 1867

Citation: Capture of flag.

REGAN, JEREMIAH

  • Rank and organization: Quartermaster, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: Massachusetts
  • G.O. No.: 11, 3 April 1863

Citation: As captain of No. 2 gun on board the U.S.S. Galena in the attack upon Drewy's Bluff, 15 May 1862. With his ship severely damaged by the enemy's shellfire and several men killed and wounded Regan, continued to man his gun throughout the engagement despite the concentration of fire directed against men at their guns by enemy sharpshooters in rifle pits along the banks.

REID, ROBERT

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company G, 48th Pennsylvania Infantry
  • Place and date: At Petersburg, Va., 17 June 1864
  • Entered service at: Pottsville, Pa.
  • Date of issue: 1 December 1864

Citation: Capture of flag of 44th Tennessee Infantry (C.S.A.).

REIGLE, DANIEL P.

  • Rank and organization: Corporal, Company F, 87th Pennsylvania Infantry
  • Place and date: At Cedar Creek, Va., 19 October 1864
  • Entered service at: Adams County, Pa.
  • Date of issue: 26 October 1864

Citation: For gallantry while rushing forward to capture a Confederate flag at the stone fence where the enemy's last stand was made.

REISINGER, J. MONROE

  • Rank and organization: Corporal, Company H, 150th Pennsylvania Infantry
  • Place and date: At Gettysburg, Pa., 1 July 1863
  • Entered service at: Meadville, Pa.
  • Date of issue: Unknown

Citation: Specially brave and meritorious conduct in the face of the enemy. Awarded under Act of Congress, January 25, 1907.

RENNINGER, LOUIS

  • Rank and organization: Corporal, Company H, 37th Ohio Infantry
  • Place and date: At Vicksburg, Miss., 22 May 1863
  • Date of issue: 15 August 1894

Citation: Gallantry in the charge of the "volunteer storming party."

REYNOLDS, GEORGE

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company M, 9th New York Cavalry
  • Place and date: At Winchester, Va., 19 September 1864
  • Entered service at: New York, N.Y.
  • Date of issue: 27 September 1864

Citation: Capture of Virginia State flag.

RHODES, JULIUS D.

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company F, 5th New York Cavalry
  • Place and date: At Thoroughfare Gap, Va., 28 August 1862. At Bull Run, Va., 30 August 1862
  • Entered service at: Springville, N.Y.
  • Date of issue: 9 March 1887

Citation: After having had his horse shot under him in the fight at Thoroughfare Gap, Va., he voluntarily joined the 105th New York Volunteers and was conspicuous in the advance on the enemy's lines. Displayed gallantry in the advance on the skirmish line at Bull Run, Va., where he was wounded.

RHODES, SYLVESTER D.

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company D, 61st Pennsylvania Infantry
  • Place and date: At Fishers Hill, Va., 22 September 1864
  • Entered service at: Wilkes-Barre, Pa.
  • Date of issue: 16 February 1897

Citation: Was on the skirmish line which drove the enemy from the first entrenchment and was the first man to enter the breastworks, capturing one of the guns and turning it upon the enemy.

RICE, CHARLES

  • Rank and organization: Coal Heaver, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: Maine
  • G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864

Citation: On board the U.S.S. Agawam, as one of a volunteer crew of a powder boat which was exploded near Fort Fisher, 23 December 1864. The powder boat, towed in by the Wilderness to prevent detection by the enemy, cast off and slowly steamed to within 300 yards of the beach. After fuses and fires had been lit and a second anchor with short scope let go to assure the boat's tailing inshore, the crew again boarded the Wilderness and proceeded a distance of 12 miles from shore. Less than 2 hours later the explosion took place, and the following day, fires were observed still burning at the fort.

RICE, EDMUND

  • Rank and organization: Major, 19th Massachusetts Infantry
  • Place and date: At Gettysburg, Pa., 3 July 1863
  • Entered service at: Boston, Mass.
  • Date of issue: 6 October 1891

Citation: Conspicuous bravery on the third day of the battle on the countercharge against Pickett's division where he fell severely wounded within the enemy's lines.

RICH, CARLOS H.

  • Rank and organization: First Sergeant, Company K, 4th Vermont Infantry
  • Place and date: At Wilderness, Va., 5 May 1864
  • Entered service at: Northfield, Mass.
  • Date of issue: 4 January 1895

Citation: Saved the life of an officer.

RICHARDS, LOUIS

  • Rank and organization: Quartermaster, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: New York
  • G.O. No.: 11, 3 April 1863

Citation: Richards served as quartermaster on board the U.S.S. Pensacola in the attack upon Forts Jackson and St. Philip, and at the taking of New Orleans, 24 and 25 April 1862. Through all the din and roar of battle, he steered the ship through the narrow opening of the barricade, and his attention to orders contributed to the successful passage of the ship without once fouling the shore or the obstacles of the barricade.

RICHARDSON, WILLIAM R.

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company A, 2d Ohio Cavalry
  • Place and date: At Sailors Creek, Va., 6 April 1865
  • Entered service at: Washington, Ohio
  • Date of issue: 7 April 1866

Citation: Having been captured and taken to the rear, made his escape rejoined the Union lines, and furnished information of great importance as to the enemy's position and the approaches thereto.

RICHEY, WILLIAM E.

  • Rank and organization: Corporal, Company A, 15th Ohio Infantry
  • Place and date: At Chickamauga, Ga., 19 September 1863
  • Date of issue: 9 November 1893

Citation: While on the extreme front, between the lines of the combatants single-handed he captured a Confederate major who was armed and mounted.

RICHMOND, JAMES

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company F, 8th Ohio Infantry
  • Place and date: At Gettysburg, Pa., 3 July 1863
  • Entered service at: Toledo Ohio
  • Date of issue: 1 December 1864

Citation: Capture of flag.

RICKSECKER, JOHN H.

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company D, 104th Ohio Infantry
  • Place and date: At Franklin, Tenn., 30 November 1864
  • Date of issue: 3 February 1865

Citation: Capture of flag of 16th Alabama Artillery (C.S.A.).

RIDDELL, RUDOLPH

  • Rank and organization: Lieutenant, Company I, 61st New York Infantry
  • Place and date: At Sailors Creek, Va., 6 April 1865
  • Entered service at: Hamilton, N.Y.
  • Date of issue: 10 May 1865

Citation: Captured the flag of the 6th Alabama Cavalry (C.S.A.).

RILEY, THOMAS

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company D, 1st Louisiana Cavalry
  • Place and date: At Fort Blakely, Ala., 4 April 1865
  • Date of issue: 8 June 1865

Citation: Captured the flag of the 6th Alabama Cavalry.

RINGOLD, EDWARD

  • Rank and organization: Coxswain, U.S. Navy
  • G.O. No.: 17, 10 July 1863

Citation: Served as coxswain on board the U.S.S. Wabash in the engagement at Pocataligo, 22 October 1862. Soliciting permission to accompany the howitzer corps, and performing his duty with such gallantry and presence of mind as to attract the attention of all around him, Ringold, knowing there was a scarcity of ammunition, went through the whole line of fire with his shirt slung over his shoulder filled with fixed ammunition which he had brought from 2 miles to the rear of the lines.

RIPLEY, WILLIAM Y. W.

  • Rank and organization: Lieutenant Colonel, 1st U.S. Sharpshooters
  • Place and date: At Malvern Hill, Va., 1 July 1862
  • Entered service at: Rutland, Vt.
  • Date of issue: 11 March 1893

Citation: At a critical moment brought up two regiments, which he led against the enemy himself, being severely wounded.

ROANTREE, JAMES S.

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps
  • Accredited to: New York
  • G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864

Citation: On board the U.S.S. Oneida during action against rebel forts and gunboats and with the ram Tennessee in Mobile Bay, 5 August 1864. Despite damage to his ship and the loss of several men on board as enemy fire raked her decks and penetrated her boilers, Sgt. Roantree performed his duties with skill and courage throughout the furious battle which resulted in the surrender of the rebel ram Tennessee and in the damaging and destruction of batteries at Fort Morgan.

ROBBINS, AUGUSTUS I.

  • Rank and organization: Second Lieutenant, Company B, 2d Vermont Infantry
  • Place and date: At Spotsylvania, Va., 12 May 1864
  • Entered service at: Grafton, Vt.
  • Date of issue: 24 March 1892

Citation: While voluntarily serving as a staff officer successfully withdrew a regiment across and around a severely exposed position to the rest of the command; was severely wounded.

ROBERTS, JAMES

  • Rank and organization: Seaman, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: Virginia
  • G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864

Citation: Roberts served on board the U.S.S. Agawan, as one of a volunteer crew of a powder boat which was exploded near Fort Fisher, 23 December 1864. The powder boat, towed in by the Wilderness to prevent detection by the enemy, cast off and slowly steamed to within 300 yards of the beach. After fuses and fires had been lit and a second anchor with short scope let go to assure the boat's tailing inshore, the crew again boarded the Wilderness and proceeded a distance of 12 miles from shore. Less than 2 hours later the explosion took place and the following day fires were observed still burning at the fort.

ROBERTS, OTIS O.

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company H, 6th Maine Infantry
  • Place and date: At Rappanhannock Station, Va., 7 November 1863
  • Entered service at: Dexter, Maine
  • Date of issue: 28 December 1863

Citation: Capture of flag of 8th Louisiana Infantry (C.S.A.) in a hand-to-hand struggle with the color bearer.

ROBERTSON, ROBERT S.

  • Rank and organization: First Lieutenant, Company K, 93d New York Infantry
  • Place and date: At Corbins Bridge, Va., 8 May 1864
  • Entered service at: Argyle, N.Y.
  • Date of issue: 2 August 1897

Citation: While acting as aide-de-camp to a general officer, seeing a regiment break to the rear, he seized its colors, rode with them to the front in the face of the advancing enemy, and rallied the retreating regiment.

ROBERTSON, SAMUEL

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company G, 33d Ohio Infantry
  • Place and date: Georgia, April 1862
  • Entered service at: Boarneville, Ross County, Ohio
  • Date of issue: September 1863

Citation: One of the 19 of 22 men (including 2 civilians) who by direction of Gen. Mitchell (or Buell) penetrated nearly 200 miles south into enemy territory and captured a railroad train at Big Shanty, Ga., in an attempt to destroy the bridges and tracks between Chattanooga and Atlanta.

ROBIE, GEORGE F.

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company D, 7th New Hampshire Infantry
  • Place and date: Before Richmond, Va., September 1864
  • Date of issue: 12 June 1883

Citation: Gallantry on the skirmish line.

ROBINSON, ALEXANDER

  • Rank and organization: Boatswain's Mate, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: New York
  • G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864

Citation: Served as boatswain's mate on board the U.S.S. Howquah on the occasion of the destruction of the blockade runner, Lynx, off Wilmington, 25 September 1864. Performing his duty faithfully under the most trying circumstances, Robinson stood firmly at his post in the midst of a crossfire from the rebel shore batteries and our own vessels.

ROBINSON, CHARLES

  • Rank and organization: Boatswain's Mate, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: New York
  • G.O. No.: 11, 3 April 1863

Citation: Serving on board the U.S.S. Baron de Kalb, Yazoo River Expedition, 23 to 27 December 1862. Proceeding under orders up the Yazoo River, the U.S.S. Baron de Kalb, with the object of capturing or destroying the enemy's transports, came upon the steamers John Walsh, R. J. Locklan, Golden Age, and the Scotland sunk on a bar where they were ordered fired. Continuing up the river, she was fired on by the enemy, but upon returning the fire, caused the rebels to retreat. Returning down the Yazoo, she destroyed and captured large quantities of enemy equipment and several prisoners. Serving bravely throughout this action, Robinson, as boatswain's mate, "d1stinguished himself in the various actions."

ROBINSON, ELBRIDGE

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company C, 122d Ohio Infantry
  • Place and date: At Winchester, Va., 14 June 1863
  • Date of issue: 5 April 1898

Citation: With 1 companion, voluntarily went in front of the Union line, under a heavy fire from the enemy, and carried back a helpless, wounded comrade, thus saving him from death or capture.

ROBINSON, JAMES H.

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company B, 3d Michigan Cavalry
  • Place and date: At Brownsville, Ark., 27 January 1865
  • Entered service at: Victor, Mich.
  • Date of issue: 4 April 1865

Citation: Successfully defended himself, single-handed against 7 guerrillas, killing the leader (Capt. W. C. Stephenson) and driving off the remainder of the party.

ROBINSON, JOHN C.

  • Rank and organization: Brigadier General, U.S. Volunteers
  • Place and date: At Laurel Hill, Va., 8 May 1864
  • Entered service at: Binghamton, N.Y.
  • Date of issue: 28 March 1894

Citation: Placed himself at the head of the leading brigade in a charge upon the enemy's breastworks; was severely wounded.

ROBINSON, JOHN H.

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company I, 19th Massachusetts Infantry
  • Place and date: At Gettysburg, Pa., 3 July 1863
  • Entered service at: Roxbury, Mass.
  • Date of issue: 1 December 1864

Citation: Capture of flag of 57th Virginia Infantry (C.S.A.).

ROBINSON, THOMAS

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company H, 81st Pennsylvania Infantry
  • Place and date: At Spotsylvania, Va., 12 May 1864
  • Entered service at: Tamaqua, Pa.
  • Date of issue: 1 December 1864

Citation: Capture of flag in a hand-to-hand conflict.

ROCK, FREDERICK

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company A, 37th Ohio Infantry
  • Place and date: At Vicksburg, Miss., 22 May 1863
  • Entered service at: Cleveland, Ohio
  • Date of issue: 10 August 1894

Citation: Gallantry in the charge of the "volunteer storming party."

ROCKEFELLER, CHARLES M.

  • Rank and organization: Lieutenant, Company A, 178th New York Infantry
  • Place and date: At Fort Blakely, Ala., 9 April 1865
  • Entered service at: New York
  • Date of issue: 2 August 1897

Citation: Voluntarily and alone, under a heavy fire, obtained valuable information which a reconnoitering party of 25 men had previously attempted and failed to obtain, suffering severe loss in the attempt The information obtained by him was made the basis of the orders for the assault that followed. He also advanced with a few followers, under the fire of both sides, and captured 300 of the enemy who would otherwise have escaped.

RODENBOUGH, THEOPHILUS F.

  • Rank and organization: Captain, 2d U.S. Cavalry
  • Place and date: At Trevlhan Station, Va., 11 June 1864
  • Entered service at: Pennsylvania
  • Date of issue: 21 September 1893

Citation: Handled the regiment with great skill and valor, was severely wounded.

ROHM, FERDINAND F.

  • Rank and organization: Chief Bugler, 16th Pennsylvania Cavalry
  • Place and date: At Reams Station, Va., 25 August 1864
  • Entered service at: Jumata County, Pa.
  • Date of issue: 16 October 1897

Citation. While his regiment was retiring under fire voluntarily remained behind to succor a wounded officer who was in great danger, secured assistance, and removed the officer to a place of safety.

ROOD, OLIVER P.

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company B, 20th Indiana Infantry
  • Place and date: At Gettysburg, Pa., 3 July 1863
  • Entered service at: Terre Haute, Vigo County, Ind.
  • Date of issue: 1 December 1864

Citation: Capture of flag of 21st North Carolina Infantry (C.S.A.).

ROOSEVELT, GEORGE W.

  • Rank and organization: First Sergeant, Company K. 26th Pennsylvania Infantry
  • Place and date: At Bull Run, Va., 30 August 1862. At Gettysburg, Pa., 2 July 1863
  • Entered service at: Chester Pa.
  • Date of issue: 2 July 1887

Citation: At Bull Run, Va., recaptured the colors, which had been seized by the enemy. At Gettysburg captured a Confederate color bearer and color, in which effort he was severely wounded.

ROSS, MARION A.

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant Major, 2d Ohio Infantry
  • Place and date: Georgia, April 1862
  • Date of issue: September 1863

Citation: Nineteen of 22 men (including 2 civilians) who, by direction of Gen. Mitchell (or Buell), penetrated nearly 200 miles south into the enemy's territory and captured a railroad train at Big Shanty, Ga., in an attempt to destroy the bridges and track between Chattanooga and Atlanta.

ROSSBACH, VALENTINE

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant, 34th New York Battery.
  • Place and date: At Spotsylvania, Va., 12 May 1864
  • Date of issue: 10 July 1896

Citation: Encouraged his cannoneers to hold a very dangerous position, and when all depended on several good shots it was from his piece that the most effective were delivered, causing the enemy's fire to cease and thereby relieving the critical position of the Federal troops.

ROUGHT, STEPHEN

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company A, 141st Pennsylvania Infantry
  • Place and date: At Wilderness, Va., 6 May 1864
  • Entered service at: Crampton, Pa.
  • Date of issue: 1 December 1864

Citation: Capture of flag of 13th North Carolina Infantry (C.S.A.).

ROUNDS, LEWIS A.

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company D, 8th Ohio Infantry
  • Place and date: At Spotsylvania, Va., 12 May 1864
  • Entered service at: Huron County, Ohio
  • Date of issue: 1 December 1864

Citation: Capture of flag.

ROUNTRY, JOHN

  • Rank and organization: First Class Fireman, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: Massachusetts
  • G.O. No.: 59, 22 June 1865

Citation: Served as first class fireman on board the U.S.S. Montauk, 21 September 1864. During the night of 21 September when fire was discovered in the magazine lightroom of that vessel, causing a panic and demoralizing the crew, Rountry, notwithstanding the cry of "fire in the magazine," forced his way with hose in hand, through the frightened crowd to the lightroom and put out the flames.

ROUSH, J. LEVI

  • Rank and organization: Corporal, Company D, 6th Pennsylvania Reserves
  • Place and date: At Gettysburg, Pa., 2 July 1863
  • Date of issue: 3 August 1897

Citation: Was 1 of 6 volunteers who charged upon a log house near the Devil's Den, where a squad of the enemy's sharpshooters were sheltered, and compelled their surrender.

ROWAND, ARCHIBALD H., JR.

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company K, 1st West Virginia Cavalry
  • Place and date: Winter of 1864-65
  • Entered service at: Pittsburgh, Pa.
  • Date of issue: 3 March 1873

Citation: Was 1 of 2 men who succeeded in getting through the enemy's lines with dispatches to Gen. Grant.

ROWE, HENRY W.

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company I, 11th New Hampshire Infantry
  • Place and date: At Petersburg, Va., 17 June 1864
  • Entered service at: Candia, N.H.
  • Date of issue: 1 December 1864

Citation: With 2 companions, he rushed and disarmed 27 enemy pickets, capturing a stand of flags.

RUNDLE, CHARLES W.

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company A, 116th Illinois Infantry
  • Place and date: At Vicksburg, Miss., 22 May 1863
  • Entered service at: Oakley, Macon County, Ill.

Citation: Gallantry in the charge of the "volunteer storming party."

RUSH, JOHN

  • Rank and organization: First Class Fireman, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: District of Columbia
  • G.O. No.: 17, 10 July 1863

Citation: Serving on board the U.S.S. Richmond in the attack on Port Hudson, 14 March 1863. Damaged by a 6-inch solid rifle shot which shattered the starboard safety-valve chamber and also damaged the port safety valve, the fireroom of the Richmond immediately became filled with steam to place it in an extremely critical condition. Acting courageously in this crisis, Rush persisted in penetrating the steam-filled room in order to haul the hot fires of the furnaces, and continued this action until the gravity of the situation had been lessened.

RUSSELL, CHARLES L.

  • Rank and organization: Corporal, Company H, 93d New York Infantry
  • Place and date: At Spotsylvania, Va., 12 May 1864
  • Entered service at: Malone, N.Y.
  • Date of issue: 1 December 1864

Citation: Capture of flag of 42d Virginia Infantry (C.S.A.).

RUSSELL, MILTON

  • Rank and organization: Captain, Company A, 51st Indiana Infantry
  • Place and date: At Stone River, Tenn., 29 December 1862
  • Entered service at: North Salem, Ind.
  • Date of issue: 28 September 1897

Citation: Was the first man to cross Stone River and, in the face of a galling fire from the concealed skirmishers of the enemy, led his men up the hillside, driving the opposing skirmishers before them.

RUTHERFORD, JOHN T.

  • Rank and organization: First Lieutenant, Company L, 9th New York Cavalry
  • Place and date: At Yellow Tavern, Va., 11 May 1864; At Hanovertown, Va., 27 May 1864
  • Entered service at: Canton, N.Y.
  • Date of issue: 22 March 1892

Citation: Made a successful charge at Yellow Tavern, Va., 11 May 1864, by which 90 prisoners were captured. On 27 May 1864, in a gallant dash on a superior force of the enemy and in a personal encounter, captured his opponent.

RUTTER, JAMES M.

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company C, 143d Pennsylvania Infantry
  • Place and date: At Gettysburg, Pa., 1 July 1863
  • Date of issue: 30 October 1896

Citation: At great risk of his life went to the assistance of a wounded comrade, and while under fire removed him to a place of safety.

RYAN, PETER J.

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company D, 11th Indiana Infantry
  • Place and date: At Winchester, Va., 19 September 1864
  • Entered service at: Vigo County, Ind.
  • Date of issue: 4 April 1865

Citation: With one companion, captured 14 Confederates in the severest part of the battle.