BARRETT, CARLTON W.
Rank and organization: Private, U.S. Army, 18th Infantry, 1st Infantry Division. Place and date: Near
St. Laurent-sur-Mer, France, 6 June 1944. Entered service at: Albany, N.Y. Birth: Fulton, N.Y. G.O.
No.: 78, 2 October 1944. Citation: For gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and
beyond the call of duty on 6 June 1944, in the vicinity of St. Laurent-sur-Mer, France. On the morning
of D-day Pvt. Barrett, landing in the face of extremely heavy enemy fire, was forced to wade ashore
through neck-deep water. Disregarding the personal danger, he returned to the surf again and again to
assist his floundering comrades and save them from drowning. Refusing to remain pinned down by the
intense barrage of small-arms and mortar fire poured at the landing points, Pvt. Barrett, working with
fierce determination, saved many lives by carrying casualties to an evacuation boat Iying offshore. In
addition to his assigned mission as guide, he carried dispatches the length of the fire-swept beach; he
assisted the wounded; he calmed the shocked; he arose as a leader in the stress of the occasion. His
coolness and his dauntless daring courage while constantly risking his life during a period of many
hours had an inestimable effect on his comrades and is in keeping with the highest traditions of the
*BUTTS, JOHN E.
Rank and organization: Second Lieutenant, U.S. Army, Co.
E, 60th Infantry, 9th Infantry Division. Place and date: Normandy,
France, 14, 16, and 23 June 1944. Entered service at: Buffalo,
N.Y. Birth: Medina, N.Y. G.O. No.: 58, 19 July 1945. Citation:
Heroically led his platoon against the enemy in Normandy,
France, on 14, 16, and 23 June 1944. Although painfully wounded
on the 14th near Orglandes and again on the 16th while spearheading
an attack to establish a bridgehead across the Douve River,
he refused medical aid and remained with his platoon. A week
later, near Flottemanville Hague, he led an assault on a tactically
important and stubbornly defended hill studded with tanks,
antitank guns, pillboxes, and machinegun emplacements, and
protected by concentrated artillery and mortar fire. As the
attack was launched, 2d Lt. Butts, at the head of his platoon,
was critically wounded by German machinegun fire. Although
weakened by his injuries, he rallied his men and directed
1 squad to make a flanking movement while he alone made a
frontal assault to draw the hostile fire upon himself. Once
more he was struck, but by grim determination and sheer courage
continued to crawl ahead. When within 10 yards of his objective,
he was killed by direct fire. By his superb courage, unflinching
valor and inspiring actions, 2d Lt. Butts enabled his platoon
to take a formidable strong point and contributed greatly
to the success of his battalion's mission.
*DEGLOPPER, CHARLES N.
Rank and organization: Private First Class, U.S. Army, Co.
C, 325th Glider Infantry, 82d Airborne Division. Place and
date: Merderet River at la Fiere, France, 9 June 1944. Entered
service at: Grand Island, N.Y. Birth: Grand Island, N.Y. G.O.
No.: 22, 28 February 1946. Citation: He was a member of Company
C, 325th Glider Infantry, on 9 June 1944 advancing with the
forward platoon to secure a bridgehead across the Merderet
River at La Fiere, France. At dawn the platoon had penetrated
an outer line of machineguns and riflemen, but in so doing
had become cut off from the rest of the company. Vastly superior
forces began a decimation of the stricken unit and put in
motion a flanking maneuver which would have completely exposed
the American platoon in a shallow roadside ditch where it
had taken cover. Detecting this danger, Pfc. DeGlopper volunteered
to support his comrades by fire from his automatic rifle while
they attempted a withdrawal through a break in a hedgerow
40 yards to the rear. Scorning a concentration of enemy automatic
weapons and rifle fire, he walked from the ditch onto the
road in full view of the Germans, and sprayed the hostile
positions with assault fire. He was wounded, but he continued
firing. Struck again, he started to fall; and yet his grim
determination and valiant fighting spirit could not be broken.
Kneeling in the roadway, weakened by his grievous wounds,
he leveled his heavy weapon against the enemy and fired burst
after burst until killed outright. He was successful in drawing
the enemy action away from his fellow soldiers, who continued
the fight from a more advantageous position and established
the first bridgehead over the Merderet. In the area where
he made his intrepid stand his comrades later found the ground
strewn with dead Germans and many machineguns and automatic
weapons which he had knocked out of action. Pfc. DeGlopper's
gallant sacrifice and unflinching heroism while facing unsurmountable
odds were in great measure responsible for a highly important
tactical victory in the Normandy Campaign.
EHLERS, WALTER D.
Rank and organization: Staff Sergeant, U.S. Army, 18th Infantry,
1st Infantry Division. Place and dare: Near Goville, France,
9-10 June 1944. Entered service at: Manhattan, Kans. Birth:
Junction City, Kans. G.O. No.: 91, 19 December 1944. Citation:
For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his
life above and beyond the call of duty on 9-10 June 1944,
near Goville, France. S/Sgt. Ehlers, always acting as the
spearhead of the attack, repeatedly led his men against heavily
defended enemy strong points exposing himself to deadly hostile
fire whenever the situation required heroic and courageous
leadership. Without waiting for an order, S/Sgt. Ehlers, far
ahead of his men, led his squad against a strongly defended
enemy strong point, personally killing 4 of an enemy patrol
who attacked him en route. Then crawling forward under withering
machinegun fire, he pounced upon the guncrew and put it out
of action. Turning his attention to 2 mortars protected by
the crossfire of 2 machineguns, S/Sgt. Ehlers led his men
through this hail of bullets to kill or put to flight the
enemy of the mortar section, killing 3 men himself. After
mopping up the mortar positions, he again advanced on a machinegun,
his progress effectively covered by his squad. When he was
almost on top of the gun he leaped to his feet and, although
greatly outnumbered, he knocked out the position single-handed.
The next day, having advanced deep into enemy territory, the
platoon of which S/Sgt. Ehlers was a member, finding itself
in an untenable position as the enemy brought increased mortar,
machinegun, and small arms fire to bear on it, was ordered
to withdraw. S/Sgt. Ehlers, after his squad had covered the
withdrawal of the remainder of the platoon, stood up and by
continuous fire at the semicircle of enemy placements, diverted
the bulk of the heavy hostile fire on himself, thus permitting
the members of his own squad to withdraw. At this point, though
wounded himself, he carried his wounded automatic rifleman
to safety and then returned fearlessly over the shell-swept
field to retrieve the automatic rifle which he was unable
to carry previously. After having his wound treated, he refused
to be evacuated, and returned to lead his squad. The intrepid
leadership, indomitable courage, and fearless aggressiveness
displayed by S/Sgt. Ehlers in the face of overwhelming enemy
forces serve as an inspiration to others.
*COLE, ROBERT G.
Rank and organization: Lieutenant Colonel, U.S. Army, 101st
Airborne Division. Place and date: Near Carentan, France,
11 June 1944. Entered service at: San Antonio, Tex. Birth:
Fort Sam Houston, Tex. G.O. No.: 79, 4 October 1944. Citation:
For gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his own life,
above and beyond the call of duty on 11 June 1944, in France.
Lt. Col. Cole was personally leading his battalion in forcing
the last 4 bridges on the road to Carentan when his entire
unit was suddenly pinned to the ground by intense and withering
enemy rifle, machinegun, mortar, and artillery fire placed
upon them from well-prepared and heavily fortified positions
within 150 yards of the foremost elements. After the devastating
and unceasing enemy fire had for over 1 hour prevented any
move and inflicted numerous casualties, Lt. Col. Cole, observing
this almost hopeless situation, courageously issued orders
to assault the enemy positions with fixed bayonets. With utter
disregard for his own safety and completely ignoring the enemy
fire, he rose to his feet in front of his battalion and with
drawn pistol shouted to his men to follow him in the assault.
Catching up a fallen man's rifle and bayonet, he charged on
and led the remnants of his battalion across the bullet-swept
open ground and into the enemy position. His heroic and valiant
action in so inspiring his men resulted in the complete establishment
of our bridgehead across the Douve River. The cool fearlessness,
personal bravery, and outstanding leadership displayed by
Lt. Col. Cole reflect great credit upon himself and are worthy
of the highest praise in the military service.
*DEFRANZO, ARTHUR F.
Rank and organization: Staff Sergeant, U.S. Army, 1st Infantry
Division. Place and date: Near Vaubadon, France, 10 June 1944.
Entered service at: Saugus, Mass. Birth: Saugus, Mass. G.O.
No.: 1, 4 January 1945. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry
and intrepidity at the risk of his life, above and beyond
the call of duty, on 10 June 1944, near Vaubadon, France.
As scouts were advancing across an open field, the enemy suddenly
opened fire with several machineguns and hit 1 of the men.
S/Sgt. DeFranzo courageously moved out in the open to the
aid of the wounded scout and was himself wounded but brought
the man to safety. Refusing aid, S/Sgt. DeFranzo reentered
the open field and led the advance upon the enemy. There were
always at least 2 machineguns bringing unrelenting fire upon
him, but S/Sgt. DeFranzo kept going forward, firing into the
enemy and 1 by 1 the enemy emplacements became silent. While
advancing he was again wounded, but continued on until he
was within 100 yards of the enemy position and even as he
fell, he kept firing his rifle and waving his men forward.
When his company came up behind him, S/Sgt. DeFranzo, despite
his many severe wounds, suddenly raised himself and once more
moved forward in the lead of his men until he was again hit
by enemy fire. In a final gesture of indomitable courage,
he threw several grenades at the enemy machinegun position
and completely destroyed the gun. In this action, S/Sgt. DeFranzo
lost his life, but by bearing the brunt of the enemy fire
in leading the attack, he prevented a delay in the assault
which would have been of considerable benefit to the foe,
and he made possible his company's advance with a minimum
of casualties. The extraordinary heroism and magnificent devotion
to duty displayed by S/Sgt. DeFranzo was a great inspiration
to all about him, and is in keeping with the highest traditions
of the armed forces.
*KELLY, JOHN D.
Rank and organization: Technical Sergeant (then Corporal),
U.S. Army, Company E, 314th Infantry, 79th Infantry Division.
Place and date: Fort du Roule, Cherbourg, France, 25 June
1944. Entered service at: Cambridge Springs, Pa. Birth: Venango
Township, Pa. G.O. No.: 6, 24 January 1945. Citation: For
conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life
above and beyond the call of duty. On 25 June 1944, in the
vicinity of Fort du Roule, Cherbourg, France, when Cpl. Kelly's
unit was pinned down by heavy enemy machinegun fire emanating
from a deeply entrenched strongpoint on the slope leading
up to the fort, Cpl. Kelly volunteered to attempt to neutralize
the strongpoint. Arming himself with a pole charge about 10
feet long and with 15 pounds of explosive affixed, he climbed
the slope under a withering blast of machinegun fire and placed
the charge at the strongpoint's base. The subsequent blast
was ineffective, and again, alone and unhesitatingly, he braved
the slope to repeat the operation. This second blast blew
off the ends of the enemy guns. Cpl. Kelly then climbed the
slope a third time to place a pole charge at the strongpoint's
rear entrance. When this had been blown open he hurled hand
grenades inside the position, forcing survivors of the enemy
guncrews to come out and surrender The gallantry, tenacity
of purpose, and utter disregard for personal safety displayed
by Cpl. Kelly were an incentive to his comrades and worthy
of emulation by all.
*MONTEITH, JIMMIE W., JR.
Rank and organization: First Lieutenant, U.S. Army, 16th
Infantry, 1st Infantry Division. Place and date: Near Colleville-sur-Mer,
France, 6 June 1944. Entered service at: Richmond, Va. Born:
1 July 1917, Low Moor, Va. G.O. No.: 20, 29 March 1945. Citation:
For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity above and beyond
the call of duty on 6 June 1944, near Colleville-sur-Mer,
France. 1st Lt. Monteith landed with the initial assault waves
on the coast of France under heavy enemy fire. Without regard
to his own personal safety he continually moved up and down
the beach reorganizing men for further assault. He then led
the assault over a narrow protective ledge and across the
flat, exposed terrain to the comparative safety of a cliff.
Retracing his steps across the field to the beach, he moved
over to where 2 tanks were buttoned up and blind under violent
enemy artillery and machinegun fire. Completely exposed to
the intense fire, 1st Lt. Monteith led the tanks on foot through
a minefield and into firing positions. Under his direction
several enemy positions were destroyed. He then rejoined his
company and under his leadership his men captured an advantageous
position on the hill. Supervising the defense of his newly
won position against repeated vicious counterattacks, he continued
to ignore his own personal safety, repeatedly crossing the
200 or 300 yards of open terrain under heavy fire to strengthen
links in his defensive chain. When the enemy succeeded in
completely surrounding 1st Lt. Monteith and his unit and while
leading the fight out of the situation, 1st Lt. Monteith was
killed by enemy fire. The courage, gallantry, and intrepid
leadership displayed by 1st Lt. Monteith is worthy of emulation.
OGDEN, CARLOS C.
Rank and organization: First Lieutenant, U.S. Army, Company
K, 314th Infantry, 79th Infantry Division. Place and date:
Near Fort du Roule, France, 25 June 1944. Entered service
at: Fairmont, Ill. Born: 19 May 1917, Borton, Ill. G.O. No.:
49, 28 June 1945. Citation: On the morning of 25 June 1944,
near Fort du Roule, guarding the approaches to Cherbourg,
France, 1st Lt. Ogden's company was pinned down by fire from
a German 88-mm. gun and 2 machineguns. Arming himself with
an M-1 rifle, a grenade launcher, and a number of rifle and
handgrenades, he left his company in position and advanced
alone, under fire, up the slope toward the enemy emplacements.
Struck on the head and knocked down by a glancing machinegun
bullet, 1st Lt. Ogden, in spite of his painful wound and enemy
fire from close range, continued up the hill. Reaching a vantage
point, he silenced the 88mm. gun with a well-placed rifle
grenade and then, with handgrenades, knocked out the 2 machineguns,
again being painfully wounded. 1st Lt. Ogden's heroic leadership
and indomitable courage in alone silencing these enemy weapons
inspired his men to greater effort and cleared the way for
the company to continue the advance and reach its objectives.
*PEREGORY, FRANK D.
Rank and organization: Technical Sergeant, U.S. Army, Company
K 116th Infantry, 29th Infantry Division. Place and date:
Grandcampe France, 8 June 1944. Entered service at: Charlottesville,
Va. Born. 10 April 1915, Esmont, Va. G.O. No.: 43, 30 May
1945. Citation: On 8 June 1944, the 3d Battalion of the 116th
Infantry was advancing on the strongly held German defenses
at Grandcampe, France, when the leading elements were suddenly
halted by decimating machinegun fire from a firmly entrenched
enemy force on the high ground overlooking the town. After
numerous attempts to neutralize the enemy position by supporting
artillery and tank fire had proved ineffective, T/Sgt. Peregory,
on his own initiative, advanced up the hill under withering
fire, and worked his way to the crest where he discovered
an entrenchment leading to the main enemy fortifications 200
yards away. Without hesitating, he leaped into the trench
and moved toward the emplacement. Encountering a squad of
enemy riflemen, he fearlessly attacked them with handgrenades
and bayonet, killed 8 and forced 3 to surrender. Continuing
along the trench, he single-handedly forced the surrender
of 32 more riflemen, captured the machine gunners, and opened
the way for the leading elements of the battalion to advance
and secure its objective. The extraordinary gallantry and
aggressiveness displayed by T/Sgt. Peregory are exemplary
of the highest tradition of the armed forces.
*PINDER, JOHN J., JR. Rank and organization: Technician Fifth Grade,
U.S. Army, 16th Infantry, 1st Infantry Division. Place and
date: Near Colleville-sur-Mer, France, 6 June 1944. Entered
.service at: Burgettstown, Pa. Birth: McKees Rocks, Pa. G.O.
No.: 1, 4 January 1945. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry
and intrepidity above and beyond the call of duty on 6 June
1944, near Colleville-sur-Mer, France. On D-day, Technician
5th Grade Pinder landed on the coast 100 yards off shore under
devastating enemy machinegun and artillery fire which caused
severe casualties among the boatload. Carrying a vitally important
radio, he struggled towards shore in waist-deep water. Only
a few yards from his craft he was hit by enemy fire and was
gravely wounded. Technician 5th Grade Pinder never stopped.
He made shore and delivered the radio. Refusing to take cover
afforded, or to accept medical attention for his wounds, Technician
5th Grade Pinder, though terribly weakened by loss of blood
and in fierce pain, on 3 occasions went into the fire-swept
surf to salvage communication equipment. He recovered many
vital parts and equipment, including another workable radio.
On the 3rd trip he was again hit, suffering machinegun bullet
wounds in the legs. Still this valiant soldier would not stop
for rest or medical attention. Remaining exposed to heavy
enemy fire, growing steadily weaker, he aided in establishing
the vital radio communication on the beach. While so engaged
this dauntless soldier was hit for the third time and killed.
The indomitable courage and personal bravery of Technician
5th Grade Pinder was a magnificent inspiration to the men
with whom he served.
*ROOSEVELT, THEODORE, JR.
Rank and organization: brigadier general, U.S. Army. Place
and date: Normandy invasion, 6 June 1944. Entered service
at: Oyster Bay, N.Y. Birth: Oyster Bay, N.Y. G.O. No.: 77,
28 September 1944. Citation: for gallantry and intrepidity
at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty
on 6 June 1944, in France. After 2 verbal requests to accompany
the leading assault elements in the Normandy invasion had
been denied, Brig. Gen. Roosevelt's written request for this
mission was approved and he landed with the first wave of
the forces assaulting the enemy-held beaches. He repeatedly
led groups from the beach, over the seawall and established
them inland. His valor, courage, and presence in the very
front of the attack and his complete unconcern at being under
heavy fire inspired the troops to heights of enthusiasm and
self-sacrifice. Although the enemy had the beach under constant
direct fire, Brig. Gen. Roosevelt moved from one locality
to another, rallying men around him, directed and personally
led them against the enemy. Under his seasoned, precise, calm,
and unfaltering leadership, assault troops reduced beach strong
points and rapidly moved inland with minimum casualties. He
thus contributed substantially to the successful establishment
of the beachhead in France.
* - Denotes a posthumous award