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Medal of Honor Recipients
Civil War (A-F)

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Medal of Honor Recipients

Listed alphabetically:


Note: An asterisk in the citation indicates
that the award was given posthumously.

ADAMS, JAMES F.

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company D, 1st West Virginia Cavalry
  • Place and date: At Nineveh, Va., 12 November 1864
  • Date of issue: 26 November 1864

Citation: Capture of State flag of 14th Virginia Cavalry (C.S.A.)

ADAMS, JOHN G. B.

  • Rank and organization: Second Lieutenant, Company I, 19th Massachusetts Infantry
  • Place and date: At Fredericksburg, Va., 13 December 1862
  • Date of issue: 16 December 1896

Citation: Seized the 2 colors from the hands of a corporal and a lieutenant as they fell mortally wounded, and with a color in each hand advanced across the field to a point where the regiment was reformed on those colors.

AHEAM, MICHAEL

  • Rank and organization: Paymaster's Steward, U.S. Navy
  • Enlisted in: France
  • G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864

Citation: Served on board the U.S.S. Kearsarge when she destroyed the Alabama off Cherbourg, France, 19 June 1864. Carrying out his duties courageously, PmS. Aheam exhibited marked coolness and good conduct and was highly recommended by his divisional officer for gallantry under enemy fire.

ALBER, FREDERICK

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company A, 17th Michigan Infantry
  • Place and date: At Spotsylvania, Va., 12 May 1864
  • Entered service at: Manchester, Mich.
  • Date of issue: 30 July 1896

Citation: Bravely rescued Lt. Charles H. Todd of his regiment who had been captured by a party of Confederates by shooting down one, knocking over another with the butt of his musket, and taking them both prisoners.

ALBERT, CHRISTIAN

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company G, 47th Ohio Infantry
  • Place and date: At Vicksburg, Miss., 22 May 1863
  • Date of issue: 10 August 1895

Citation: Gallantry in the charge of the "volunteer storming party."

ALLEN, ABNER P.

  • Rank and organization: Corporal, Company K, 39th Illinois Infantry
  • Place and date: At Petersburg, Va., 2 April 1865
  • Entered service at: Bloomington, Ill.
  • Date of issue: 12 May 1865

Citation: Gallantry as color bearer in the assault on Fort Gregg.

ALLEN, JAMES

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company F, 16th New York Infantry
  • Place and date: At South Mountain, Md., 14 September 1862
  • Entered service at: Potsdam, N.Y.
  • Date of issue: 11 September 1890

Citation: Single-handed and slightly wounded he accosted a squad of 14 Confederate soldiers bearing the colors of the 16th Georgia Infantry (C.S.A.). By an imaginary ruse he secured their surrender and kept them at bay when the regimental commander discovered him and rode away for assistance.

ALLEN, NATHANIEL M.

  • Rank and organization: Corporal, Company B, 1st Massachusetts Infantry
  • Place and date: At Gettysburg, Pa., 2 July 1863
  • Entered service at: Boston, Mass.
  • Date of issue: 29 March 1899

Citation: When his regiment was falling back, this soldier, bearing the national color, returned in the face of the enemy's fire, pulled the regimental flag from under the body of its bearer, who had fallen, saved the flag from capture, and brought both colors off the field.

AMES, ADELBERT

  • Rank and organization: First Lieutenant, 5th U.S. Artillery
  • Place and date: At Bull Run, Va., 21 July 1861
  • Entered service at: Rockland, Maine
  • Date of issue: 22 June 1894

Citation: remained upon the field in command of a section of Griffin's Battery, directing its fire after being severely wounded and refusing to leave the field until too weak to sit upon the caisson where he had been placed by men of his command.

AMMERMAN, ROBERT W.

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company B, 148th Pennsylvania Infantry
  • Place and date: At Spotsylvania, Va., 12 May 1864
  • Entered service at: Center County, Pa.
  • Date of issue: 31 January 1865

Citation: Capture of battle flag of 8th North Carolina (C.S.A.), being one of the foremost in the assault.

ANDERSON, BRUCE

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company K, 142d New York Infantry
  • Place and date: At Fort Fisher, N.C., 15 January 1865
  • Entered service at: Ephratah, N.Y.
  • Date of issue: 28 December 1914

Citation: Voluntarily advanced with the head of the column and cut down the palisading.

ANDERSON, CHARLES W.

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company K, 1st New York (Lincoln) Cavalry
  • Place and date: At Waynesboro, Va., 2 March 1865
  • Date of issue: 26 March 1865

Citation: Capture of unknown Confederate flag.

ANDERSON, EVERETT W.

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company M, 15th Pennsylvania Cavalry
  • Place and date: At Crosbys Creek, Tenn., 14 January 1864
  • Entered service at: Philadelphia, Pa.
  • Date of issue: 3 December 1894

Citation: Captured, single-handed, Confederate Brig. Gen. Robert B. Vance during a charge upon the enemy.

ANDERSON, FREDERICK C.

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company A, 18th Massachusetts Infantry
  • Place and date: At Weldon Railroad, Va., 21 August 1864
  • Date of issue: 6 September 1864

Citation: Capture of battle flag of 27th South Carolina (C.S.A.) and the color bearer.

ANDERSON, MARION T.

  • Rank and organization: Captain, Company D, 51st Indiana Infantry
  • Place and date: At Nashville, Tenn., 16 December 1864
  • Entered service at: Kokomo, Ind.
  • Date of issue: 1 September 1893

Citation: Led his regiment over 5 lines of the enemy's works, where he fell, severely wounded.

ANDERSON, PETER

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company B, 31st Wisconsin Infantry
  • Place and date: At Bentonville, N.C., 19 March 1865
  • Date of issue: 16 June 1865

Citation: Entirely unassisted, brought from the field an abandoned piece of artillery and saved the gun from falling into the hands of the enemy.

ANDERSON, ROBERT

  • Rank and organization: Quartermaster, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: New Hampshire
  • G.O. No.: 17, 10 July 1863

Citation: Served on board the U.S.S. Crusader and the Keokuk during various actions of those vessels. Carrying out his duties skillfully while on board the U.S.S. Crusader, Q.M. Anderson, on all occasions, set forth the greatest intrepidity and devotion. During the attack on Charleston, while serving on board the U.S.S. Keokuk, Q.M. Anderson was stationed at the wheel when shot penetrated the house and, with the scattering of the iron, used his own body as a shield for his commanding officer.

ANDERSON, THOMAS

  • Rank and organization: Corporal, Company I, 1st West Virginia Cavalry
  • Place and date: At Appomattox Station, Va., 8 April 1865
  • Date of issue: 3 May 1865

Citation: Capture of Confederate flag.

ANGLING, JOHN

  • Rank and organization: Cabin Boy, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: Maine
  • G.O. No.: 59, 22 June 1865

Citation: Served on board the U.S.S. Pontoosuc during the capture of Fort Fisher and Wilmington, 24 December 1864 to 22 January 1865. Carrying out his duties faithfully during this period, C.B. Angling was recommended for gallantry and skill and for his cool courage while under the fire of the enemy throughout these various actions.

APPLE, ANDREW O.

  • Rank and organization: Corporal, Company I, 12th West Virginia Infantry
  • Place and date: At Petersburg, Va., 2 April 1865
  • Date of issue: 12 May 1865

Citation: Conspicuous gallantry as color bearer in the assault on Fort Gregg.

APPLETON, WILLIAM H.

  • Rank and organization: First Lieutenant, Company H, 4th U.S. Colored Troops
  • Place and date: At Petersburg, Va., 15 June 1864; At New Market Heights, Va., 29 September 1864
  • Entered service at: Portsmouth, N.H.
  • Date of issue: 18 February 1891

Citation: The first man of the Eighteenth Corps to enter the enemy's works at Petersburg, Va., 15 June 1864. Valiant service in a desperate assault at New Market Heights, Va., inspiring the Union troops by his example of steady courage.

ARCHER, JAMES W.

  • Rank and organization: First Lieutenant and Adjutant, 59th Indiana Infantry
  • Place and date: At Corinth, Miss., 4 October 1862
  • Entered service at: Spencer, Ind.
  • Date of issue: 2 August 1897

Citation: Voluntarily took command of another regiment, with the consent of one or more of his seniors, who were present, rallied the command and led it in the assault.

ARCHER, LESTER

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company E, 96th New York Infantry
  • Place and date: At Fort Harrison, Va., 29 September 1864
  • Date of issue: 6 April 1865

Citation: Gallantry in placing the colors of his regiment on the fort.

ARCHINAL, WILLIAM

  • Rank and organization: Corporal, Company I, 30th Ohio Infantry
  • Place and date: At Vicksburg, Miss., 22 May 1863
  • Date of issue: 10 July 1894

Citation: Gallantry in the charge of the "volunteer storming party."

ARMSTRONG, CLINTON L.

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company D, 83d Indiana Infantry
  • Place and date: At Vicksburg, Miss., 22 May 1863
  • Date of issue: 15 August 1894

Citation: Gallantry in the charge of the "volunteer storming party."

ARNOLD, ABRAHAM K.

  • Rank and organization: Captain, 5th U.S. Cavalry,
  • Place and date: At Davenport Bridge, Va., 10 May 1864
  • Entered service at: Bedford, Pa.
  • Date of issue: 1 September 1893

Citation: By a gallant charge against a superior force of the enemy, extricated his command from a perilous position in which it had been ordered.

ARTHER, MATTHEW

  • Rank and organization: Signal Quartermaster, U.S. Navy
  • Entered service at: Boston, Mass.
  • G.O. No.: 17, 10 July 1863

Citation: Served on board the U.S.S. Carondelet at the reduction of Forts Henry and Donelson, 6 and 14 February 1862 and other actions. Carrying out his duties as signal quartermaster and captain of the rifled bow gun, S/Q.M. Arther was conspicuous for valor and devotion, serving most faithfully, effectively and valiantly.

ASTEN, CHARLES

  • Rank and organization: Quarter Gunner, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: Illinois
  • G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864

Citation: Served on board the U.S.S. Signal, Red River, 5 May 1864. Proceeding up the Red River, the U.S.S. Signal engaged a large force of enemy field batteries and sharpshooters, returning their fire until the Federal ship was totally disabled, at which time the white flag was raised. Although on the sick list, Q.G. Asten courageously carried out his duties during the entire engagement.

ATKINSON, THOMAS E.

  • Rank and organization: Yeoman, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: Massachusetts
  • G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864

Citation: On board the U.S.S. Richmond, Mobile Bay, 5 August 1864; commended for coolness and energy in supplying the rifle ammunition, which was under his sole charge, in the action in Mobile Bay on the morning of 5 August 1864. He was a petty officer on board the U.S. Frigate Congress in 1842-46; was present and assisted in capturing the whole of the Buenos Ayrean fleet by that vessel off Montevideo; joined the Richmond in September 1860; was in the action with Fort McRea, the Head of the Passes of the Mississippi, Forts Jackson and St. Philip, the Chalmettes, the rebel ironclads and gunboats below New Orleans, Vicksburg, Port Hudson, and at the surrender of New Orleans.

AVERY, JAMES

  • Rank and organization: Seaman, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: New York
  • G.O. No.: 71, 15 January 1866

Citation: Served on board the U.S.S. Metacomet. As a member of the boat's crew which went to the rescue of the U.S. monitor Tecumseh when that vessel was struck by a torpedo in passing the enemy forts in Mobile Bay, 5 August 1864, S/man Avery braved the enemy fire which was said by the admiral to be "one of the most galling" he had ever seen, and aided in rescuing from death 10 of the crew of the Tecumseh, eliciting the admiration of both friend and foe.

AVERY, WILLIAM B.

  • Rank and organization: Lieutenant, U.S. Army, 1st New York Marine Artillery
  • Place and date: At Tranters Creek, N.C., 5 June 1862
  • Entered service at: Providence, R.I.
  • Date of issue: 2 September 1893

Citation: Handled his battery with greatest coolness amidst the hottest fire.

AYERS, DAVID

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company A, 57th Ohio Infantry
  • Place and date: At Vicksburg, Miss., 22 May 1863
  • Entered service at: Upper Sandusky, Ohio
  • Date of issue: 13 April 1894

Citation: Gallantry in the charge of the "volunteer storming party."

AYERS, JOHN G. K.

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company H, 8th Missouri Infantry
  • Place and date: At Vicksburg, Miss., 22 May 1863
  • Entered service at: Pekin, Tazwell County, Ill.
  • Date of issue: 31 August 1895

Citation: Gallantry in the charge of the "volunteer storming party."

BABCOCK, WILLIAM J.

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company E, 2d Rhode Island Infantry
  • Place and date: At Petersburg, Va., 2 April 1865
  • Entered service at: South Kingston, R.I.
  • Date of issue: 2 March 1895

Citation: Planted the flag upon the parapet while the enemy still occupied the line; was the first of his regiment to enter the works.

BACON, ELIJAH W.

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company F, 14th Connecticut Infantry
  • Place and date: At Gettysburg, Pa., 3 July 1863
  • Entered service at: Berlin, Conn.
  • Date of issue: 1 December 1864

Citation: Capture of flag of 16th North Carolina regiment (C.S.A.).

BAIRD, ABSALOM

  • Rank and organization: Brigadier General, U.S. Volunteers
  • Place and date: At Jonesboro, Ga., 1 September 1864
  • Entered service at: Washington, Pa.
  • Date of issue: 22 April 1896

Citation: Voluntarily led a detached brigade in an assault upon the enemy's works.

BAKER, CHARLES

  • Rank and organization: Quarter Gunner, U.S. Navy
  • Entered service at: New York, N.Y.
  • G.O. No.: 71, 15 January 1866

Citation: Served on board the U.S.S. Metacomet. As a member of the boat's crew which went to the rescue of the U.S. monitor Tecumseh when that vessel was struck by a torpedo in passing the enemy forts in Mobile Bay, 5 August 1864, Q.G. Baker braved the enemy fire which was said by the admiral to be "one of the most galling" he had ever seen, and aided in rescuing from death 10 of the crew of the Tecumseh, eliciting the admiration of both friend and foe.

BALDWIN, CHARLES

  • Rank and organization: Coal Heaver, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: Pennsylvania
  • G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864

Citation: Serving on board the U.S.S. Wyalusing and participating in a plan to destroy the rebel ram Albermarle in Roanoke River, 25 May 1864. Volunteering for the hazardous mission, C.H. Baldwin participated in the transfer of 2 torpedoes across an island swamp. Weighted by a line which was used to transfer the torpedoes, he swam the river and, when challenged by a sentry, was forced to abandon the plan after erasing its detection and before it could be carried to completion. Escaping the fire of the muskets, C.H. Baldwin spent 2 days and nights of hazardous travel without food, and finally arrived, fatigued, at the mother ship.

BALDWIN, FRANK D.

  • Rank and organization: Captain, Company D, 19th Michigan Infantry; First Lieutenant, 5th U.S. Infantry
  • Place and date: At Peach Tree Creek, Ga., 12 July 1864
  • Entered service at: Constantine, Mich.
  • Date of issue: 3 December 1891. Second award

Citation: Led his company in a countercharge at Peach Tree Creek, Ga., 12 July 1864, under a galling fire ahead of his own men, and singly entered the enemy's line, capturing and bringing back 2 commissioned officers, fully armed, besides a guidon of a Georgia regiment.

  • SECOND AWARD - Place and date: At McClellans Creek, Tex., 8 November 1874

Citation: Rescued, with 2 companies, 2 white girls by a voluntary attack upon Indians whose superior numbers and strong position would have warranted delay for reinforcements, but which delay would have permitted the Indians to escape and kill their captives.

BALLEN, FREDERICK

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company B, 47th Ohio Infantry
  • Place and date: At Vicksburg, Miss., 3 May 1863
  • Entered service at: Adrian, Mich.
  • Date of issue: 6 November 1908

Citation: Was one of a party that volunteered and attempted to run the enemy's batteries with a steam tug and 2 barges loaded with subsistence stores.

BANKS, GEORGE L.

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company C, 15th Indiana Infantry
  • Place and date: At Missionary Ridge, Tenn., 25 November 1863
  • Entered service at: Allen County, Ind.
  • Date of issue: 28 September 1897

Citation: As color bearer, led his regiment in the assault, and, though wounded, carried the nag forward to the enemy's works, where he was again wounded. In a brigade of 8 regiments this flag was the first planted on the parapet.

BARBER, JAMES A.

  • Rank and organization: Corporal, Company G, 1st Rhode Island Light Artillery
  • Place and date: At Petersburg, Va., 2 April 1865
  • Entered service at: Westerly, R.I.
  • Date of issue: 20 June 1866

Citation: Was one of a detachment of 20 picked artillerymen who voluntarily accompanied an infantry assaulting party, and who turned upon the enemy the guns captured in the assault.

BARKER, NATHANIEL C.

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company E, 11th New Hampshire Infantry
  • Place and date: At Spotsylvania, Va., 12 May 1864
  • Entered service at: Manchester, N.H.
  • Date of issue: 23 September 1897

Citation: Six color bearers of the regiment having been killed, he voluntarily took both flags of the regiment and carried them through the remainder of the battle.

BARNES, WILLIAM H.

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company C, 38th U.S. Colored Troops
  • Place and date: At Chapins Farm, Va., 29 September 1864
  • Date of issue: 6 April 1865

Citation: Among the first to enter the enemy's works; although wounded.

BARNUM, HENRY A.

  • Rank and organization: Colonel, 149th New York Infantry
  • Place and date: At Chattanooga, Tenn., 23 November 1863
  • Entered service at: Syracuse, N.Y.
  • Date of issue: July 1889

Citation: Although suffering severely from wounds, he led his regiment, inciting the men to greater action by word and example until again severely wounded.

BARNUM, JAMES

  • Rank and organization: Boatswain's Mate, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: Massachusetts
  • G.O. No.: 59, 22 June 1865

Citation: Barnum served on board the U.S.S. New Ironsides during action in several attacks on Fort Fisher, 24 and 25 December 1864; and on 13, 14, and 15 January 1865. The ship steamed in and took the lead in the ironclad division close in shore and immediately opened its starboard battery in a barrage of well-directed fire to cause several fires and explosions and dismount several guns during the first 2 days of fighting. Taken under fire as she steamed into position on 13 January, the New Ironsides fought all day and took on ammunition at night despite severe weather conditions. When the enemy came out of his bombproofs to defend the fort against the storming party, the ship's battery disabled nearly every gun on the fort facing the shore before the cease-fire orders were given by the flagship. Barnum was commended for highly meritorious conduct during this period.

BARRELL, CHARLES L.

  • Rank and organization: First Lieutenant, Company C, 102d U.S. Colored Troops
  • Place and date: Near Camden, S.C., April 1865
  • Entered service at: Leighton, Allegan County, Mich.
  • Date of issue: 14 May 1891

Citation: Hazardous service in marching through the enemy's country to bring relief to his command.

BARRICK, JESSE T.

  • Rank and organization: Corporal, Company H, 3d Minnesota Infantry
  • Place and date: Near Duck River, Tenn., 26 May-2 June 1863
  • Entered service at: Ft. Snelling, Rice County, Minn.
  • Date of issue: 3 March 1917

Citation: While on a scout captured single-handed 2 desperate Confederate guerrilla officers who were together and well armed at the time.

BARRINGER, WILLIAM H.

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company F, 4th West Virginia Infantry
  • Place and date: At Vicksburg, Miss., 22 May 1863
  • Entered service at: Jackson County, W. Va.
  • Date of issue: 12 July 1894

Citation: Gallantry in the charge of the "volunteer storming party."

BARRY, AUGUSTUS

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant Major, 16th U.S. Infantry
  • Place and date: Unknown, 1863-65
  • Date of issue: 28 February 1870

Citation: Gallantry in various actions during the rebellion.

BARTER, GURDON H.

  • Rank and organization: Landsman, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: New York
  • G.O. No.: 59, 22 June 1865

Citation: On board the U.S.S. Minnesota in action during the assault on Fort Fisher, 15 January 1865. Landing on the beach with the assaulting party from his ship, L/man Barter advanced to the top of the sandhill and partly through the breach in the palisades despite enemy fire which killed and wounded many officers and men. When more than two-thirds of the men became seized with panic and retreated on the run, he remained with the party until dark, when it came safely away, bringing its wounded, its arms, and its colors.

BARTON, THOMAS

  • Rank and organization: Seaman, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: Ohio
  • G.O. No.: 11, 3 April 1863

Citation: On board the U.S.S. Hunchback in the attack on Franklin, Va., 3 October 1862. When an ignited shell, with cartridge attached, fell out of the howitzer upon the deck, S/man Barton promptly seized a pail of water and threw it upon the missile, thereby preventing it from exploding.

BASS, DAVID L.

  • Rank and organization: Seaman, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: New York
  • G.O. No.: 59, 22 June 1865

Citation: On board the U.S.S. Minnesota in action during the assault on Fort Fisher, 15 January 1865. Landing on the beach with the assaulting party from his ship, S/man Bass advanced to the top of the sand hill and partly through the breach in the palisades despite enemy fire which killed and wounded many officers and men. When more than two-thirds of the men became seized with panic and retreated on the run, he remained with the party until dark, when it came safely away, bringing its wounded, its arms, and its colors.

BATCHELDER, RICHARD N.

  • Rank and organization: Lieutenant Colonel and Chief Quartermaster, 2d Corps
  • Place and date: Between Catlett and Fairfax Stations, Va., 13-15 October 1863
  • Entered service at: Manchester, N.H.
  • Date of issue: 20 May 1895

Citation: Being ordered to move his trains by a continuous day-and-night march, and without the usual military escort, armed his teamsters and personally commanded them, successfully fighting against heavy odds and bringing his trains through without the loss of a wagon.

BATES, DELAVAN

  • Rank and organization: Colonel, 30th U.S. Colored Troops
  • Place and date: At Cemetery Hill, Va., 30 July 1864
  • Entered service at: Oswego County, N.Y.
  • Date of issue: 22 June 1891

Citation: Gallantry in action where he fell, shot through the face, at the head of his regiment.

BATES, NORMAN F.

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company E, 4th Iowa Cavalry
  • Place and date: At Columbus, Ga., 16 April 1865
  • Date of issue: 17 June 1865

Citation: Capture of flag and bearer.

BAYBUTT, PHILIP

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company A, 2d Massachusetts Cavalry
  • Place and date: At Luray, Va., 24 September 1864
  • Entered service at: Fall River, Mass.
  • Date of issue: 19 October 1864

Citation: Capture of flag.

BAZAAR, PHILIP

  • Rank and organization: Ordinary Seaman, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: Massachusetts
  • G.O. No.: 59, 22 June 1865

Citation: On board the U.S.S. Santiago de Cuba during the assault on Fort Fisher on 15 January 1865. As one of a boat crew detailed to one of the generals on shore, O.S. Bazaar bravely entered the fort in the assault and accompanied his party in carrying dispatches at the height of the battle. He was 1 of 6 men who entered the fort in the assault from the fleet.

BEATTY, ALEXANDER M.

  • Rank and organization: Captain, Company F, 3d Vermont Infantry
  • Place and date: At Cold Harbor, Va., 5 June 1864
  • Entered service at: Vermont
  • Date of issue: 25 April 1894

Citation: Removed, under a hot fire, a wounded member of his command to a place of safety.

BEATY, POWHATAN

  • Rank and organization: First Sergeant, Company G, 5th U.S. Colored Troops
  • Place and date: At Chapins Farm, Va., 29 September 1864
  • Entered service at: Delaware County, Ohio
  • Date of issue: 6 April 1865

Citation: Took command of his company, all the officers having been killed or wounded, and gallantly led it.

BEAUFORT, JEAN J.

  • Rank and organization: Corporal, Company A, 2d Louisiana Infantry
  • Place and date: At Port Hudson, La., about 20 May 1863. Entered service: New Orleans, La.
  • Date of issue: 20 July 1897

Citation: Volunteered to go within the enemy's lines and at the head of a party of 8 destroyed a signal station, thereby greatly aiding in the operations against Port Hudson that immediately followed.

BEAUMONT, EUGENE B.

  • Rank and organization: Major and Assistant Adjutant General, Cavalry Corps, Army of the Mississippi
  • Place and date: At Harpeth River, Tenn., 17 December 1864; at Selma, Ala., 2 April 1865
  • Entered service at: Wilkes Barre, Pa.
  • Date of issue: 30 March 1898

Citation: Obtained permission from the corps commander to advance upon the enemy's position with the 4th U.S. Cavalry, of which he was a lieutenant; led an attack upon a battery, dispersed the enemy, and captured the guns. At Selma, Ala., charged, at the head of his regiment, into the second and last line of the enemy's works.

BEBB, EDWARD J.

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company D, 4th Iowa Cavalry
  • Place and date: At Columbus, Ga., 16 April 1865
  • Entered service at: Henry County, Iowa
  • Date of issue: 17 June 1865

Citation: Capture of flag.

BECKWITH, WALLACE A.

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company F, 21st Connecticut Infantry
  • Place and date: At Fredericksburg, Va., 13 December 1862
  • Entered service at: New London, Conn.
  • Date of issue: 15 February 1897

Citation: Gallantly responded to a call for volunteers to man a battery, serving with great heroism until the termination of the engagement.

BEDDOWS, RICHARD

  • Rank and organization: Private, 34th New York Battery
  • Place and date: At Spotsylvania, Va., 18 May 1864
  • Date of issue: 10 July 1896

Citation: Brought his guidon off in safety under a heavy fire of musketry after he had lost it by his horse becoming furious from the bursting of a shell.

BEEBE, WILLIAM S.

  • Rank and organization: First Lieutenant, Ordnance Department, U.S. Army
  • Place and date: At Cane River Crossing, La., 23 April 1864
  • Entered service at: Thompson, Conn.
  • Date of issue: 30 June 1897

Citation: Voluntarily led a successful assault on a fortified position.

BEECH, JOHN P.

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company B, 4th New Jersey Infantry
  • Place and date: At Spotsylvania Courthouse, Va., 12 May 1864
  • Entered service at: Trenton, N.J.
  • Date of issue: 5 June 1894

Citation: Voluntarily assisted in working the guns of a battery, all the members of which had been killed or wounded.

BEGLEY, TERRENCE

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company D, 7th New York Heavy Artillery
  • Place and date: At Cold Harbor, Va., 3 June 1864
  • Date of issue: 1 December 1864

Citation: Shot a Confederate color bearer, rushed forward and seized his colors, and although exposed to heavy fire, regained the lines in safety.

BELCHER, THOMAS

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company I, 9th Maine Infantry
  • Place and date: At Chapins Farm, Va., 29 September 1864
  • Entered service at: Bangor, Maine
  • Date of issue: 6 April 1865

Citation: Took a guidon from the hands of the bearer, mortally wounded, and advanced with it nearer to the battery than any other man.

BELL, GEORGE

  • Rank and organization: Captain of the Afterguard, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: New York
  • G.O. No.: 17, 10 July 1863

Citation: Served as pilot of the U.S.S. Santee when that vessel was engaged in cutting out the rebel armed schooner Royal Yacht from Galveston Bay, 7 November 1861, and evinced more coolness, in passing the 4 forts and the rebel steamer General Rusk, than was ever before witnessed by his commanding officer. "Although severely wounded in the encounter, he displayed extraordinary courage under the most painful and trying circumstances."

BELL, JAMES B.

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company H, 11th Ohio Infantry
  • Place and date: At Missionary Ridge, Tenn., 25 November 1863
  • Entered service at: Troy, Ohio
  • Date of issue: Unknown

Citation: Though severely wounded, was first of his regiment on the summit of the ridge, planted his colors inside the enemy's works, and did not leave the field until after he had been wounded 5 times.

BENEDICT, GEORGE G.

  • Rank and organization: Second Lieutenant, Company C, 12th Vermont Infantry
  • Place and date: At Gettysburg, Pa., 3 July 1863
  • Entered service at: Burlington, Vt.
  • Date of issue: 27 June 1892

Citation: Passed through a murderous fire of grape and canister in delivering orders and re-formed the crowded lines.

BENJAMIN, JOHN F.

  • Rank and organization: Corporal, Company M, 2d New York Cavalry
  • Place and date: At Sailors Creek, Va., 6 April 1865
  • Date of issue: 3 May 1865

Citation: Capture of battle flag of 9th Virginia Infantry (C.S.A.).

BENJAMIN, SAMUEL N.

  • Rank and organization: First Lieutenant, 2d U.S. Artillery
  • Place and date: From Bull Run to Spotsylvania, Va., from July 1861 to May 1864
  • Entered service at: New York, N.Y.
  • Date of issue: 11 June 1877

Citation: Particularly distinguished services as an artillery officer.

BENNETT, ORREN

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company D, 141st Pennsylvania Infantry
  • Place and date: At Sailors Creek, Va., 6 April 1865
  • Entered service at: Towanda, Pa.
  • Date of issue: 10 May 1865

Citation: Capture of flag.

BENNETT, ORSON W.

  • Rank and organization: First Lieutenant, Company A, 102d U.S. Colored Troops
  • Place and date: At Honey Hill, S.C., 30 November 1864
  • Entered service at: Michigan
  • Date of issue: 9 March 1887

Citation: After several unsuccessful efforts to recover 3 pieces of abandoned artillery, this officer gallantly led a small force fully 100 yards in advance of the Union lines and brought in the guns, preventing their capture.

BENSINGER, WILLIAM (2d to receive Medal of Honor)

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company G, 21st Ohio Infantry
  • Place and date: Georgia, April 1862
  • Entered service at: Hancock County, Ohio
  • Date of issue: 25 March 1863

Citation: One of the 19 of 22 men (including 2 civilians) who, by direction of Gen. Mitchell (or Buell), penetrated nearly 200 miles south into enemy territory and captured a railroad train at Big Shanty, Ga., in an attempt to destroy the bridges and track between Chattanooga and Atlanta.

BENYAURD, WILLIAM H. H.

  • Rank and organization: First Lieutenant, Engineers
  • Place and date: At Five Forks, Va., 1 April 1865
  • Entered service at: Philadelphia, Pa.
  • Date of issue: 7 September 1897

Citation: With one companion, voluntarily advanced in a reconnaissance beyond the skirmishers, where he was exposed to imminent peril; also, in the same battle, rode to the front with the commanding general to encourage wavering troops to resume the advance, which they did successfully.

BETHAM, ASA

  • Rank and organization: Coxswain, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: New York
  • G.O. No.: 59, 22 June 1865

Citation: Served on board the U.S.S. Pontoosuc during the capture of Fort Fisher and Wilmington, 24 December 1864, to 22 January 1865. Carrying out his duties faithfully during this period, Betham was recommended for gallantry and skill and for his cool courage while under the fire of the enemy throughout these various actions.

BETTS, CHARLES M.

  • Rank and organization: Lieutenant Colonel, 15th Pennsylvania Cavalry
  • Place and date: At Greensboro, N.C., 19 April 1865
  • Entered service at: Philadelphia, Pa.
  • Date of issue: 10 October 1892

Citation: With a force of but 75 men, while on a scouting expedition, by a judicious disposition of his men, surprised and captured an entire battalion of the enemy's cavalry.

BEYER, HILLARY

  • Rank and organization: Second Lieutenant, Company H, 90th Pennsylvania Infantry
  • Place and date: At Antietam, Md., 17 September 1862
  • Entered service at: Philadelphia, Pa.
  • Date of issue: 30 October 1896

Citation: After his command had been forced to fall back, remained alone on the line of battle, caring for his wounded comrades and carrying one of them to a place of safety.

BIBBER, CHARLES J.

  • Rank and organization: Gunner's Mate, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: Maine
  • G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864

Citation: Bibber served on board the U.S.S. Agawam, as one of a volunteer crew of a powder boat which was exploded near Fort Fisher 23 December 1864. The powder boat, towed in by the Wilderness to prevent detection by the enemy, cast off and slowly steamed to within 300 yards of the beach. After fuses and fires had been lit and a second anchor with short scope let go to assure the boat's tailing inshore, the crew again boarded the Wilderness and proceeded a distance of 12 miles from shore. Less than 2 hours later the explosion took place, and the following day fires were observed still burning at the forts.

BICKFORD, HENRY H.

  • Rank and organization: Corporal, Company E, 8th New York Cavalry
  • Place and date: At Waynesboro, Va., 2 March 1865
  • Entered service at: Hartland, Niagara County, N.Y.
  • Date of issue: 26 March 1865

Citation: Recapture of flag.

BICKFORD, JOHN F.

  • Rank and organization: Captain of the Top, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: Maine
  • G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864

Citation: Served on board the U.S.S. Kearsarge when she destroyed the Alabama off Cherbourg, France, 19 June 1864. Acting as the first loader of the pivot gun during this bitter engagement Bickford exhibited marked coolness and good conduct and was highly recommended for his gallantry under fire by his divisional officer.

BICKFORD, MATTHEW

  • Rank and organization: Corporal, Company G, 8th Missouri Infantry
  • Place and date: At Vicksburg, Miss., 22 May 1863
  • Entered service at: Trivolia, Peoria County, Ill.
  • Date of issue: 31 August 1894

Citation: Gallantry in the charge of the "volunteer storming party."

BIEGER, CHARLES

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company D, 4th Missouri Cavalry
  • Place and date: At Ivy Farm, Miss., 22 February 1864
  • Entered service at: St. Louis, Mo.
  • Date of issue: 8 July 1897

Citation: Voluntarily risked his life by taking a horse, under heavy fire, beyond the line of battle for the rescue of his captain, whose horse had been killed in a charge and who was surrounded by the enemy's skirmishers.

BINDER, RICHARD

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps
  • Accredited to: Pennsylvania

Citation: On board the U.S.S. Ticonderoga during the attacks on Fort Fisher, 24 and 25 December 1864, and 13 to 15 January 1865. Despite heavy return fire by the enemy and the explosion of the 100-pounder Parrott rifle which killed 8 men and wounded 12 more, Sgt. Binder, as captain of a gun, performed his duties with skill and courage during the first 2 days of battle. As his ship again took position on the 13th, he remained steadfast as the Ticonderoga maintained a well-placed fire upon the batteries on shore, and thereafter, as she materially lessened the power of guns on the mound which had been turned upon our assaulting columns. During this action the flag was planted on one of the strongest fortifications possessed by the rebels.

BINGHAM, HENRY H.

  • Rank and organization: Captain, Company G, 140th Pennsylvania Infantry
  • Place and date: At Wilderness, Va., 6 May 1864
  • Entered service at: Cannonsburg, Pa.
  • Date of issue: 31 August 1893

Citation: Rallied and led into action a portion of the troops who had given way under the fierce assaults of the enemy.

BIRDSALL, HORATIO L.

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company B, 3d Iowa Cavalry
  • Place and date: At Columbus, Ga., 16 April 1865
  • Entered service at: Keokuk, Lee County, Iowa
  • Date of issue: 17 June 1865

Citation: Capture of flag and bearer.

BISHOP, FRANCIS A.

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company C, 57th Pennsylvania Infantry
  • Place and date: At Spotsylvania, Va., 12 May 1864
  • Date of issue: 1 December 1864

Citation: Capture of flag.

BLACK, JOHN C.

  • Rank and organization: Lieutenant Colonel, 37th Illinois Infantry
  • Place and date: At Prairie Grove, Ark., 7 December 1862
  • Entered service at: Danville, Ill.
  • Date of issue: 31 October 1893

Citation: Gallantly charged the position of the enemy at the head of his regiment, after 2 other regiments had been repulsed and driven down the hill, and captured a battery; was severely wounded.

BLACK, WILLIAM P.

  • Rank and organization: Captain, Company K, 37th Illinois Infantry
  • Place and date: At Pea Ridge, Ark., 7 March 1862
  • Entered service at: Danville, Ill.
  • Date of issue: 2 October 1893

Citation: Single-handedly confronted the enemy, firing a rifle at them and thus checking their advance within 100 yards of the lines.

BLACKMAR, WILMON W.

  • Rank and organization: Lieutenant, Company H, 1st West Virginia Cavalry
  • Place and date: At Five Forks, Va., 1 April 1865
  • Date of issue: 23 October 1897

Citation: At a critical stage of the battle, without orders, led a successful advance upon the enemy.

BLACKWOOD, WILLIAM R. D.

  • Rank and organization: Surgeon, 48th Pennsylvania Infantry
  • Place and date: At Petersburg, Va., 2 April 1865
  • Entered service at: Philadelphia, Pa.
  • Date of issue: 21 July 1897

Citation: Removed severely wounded officers and soldiers from the field while under a heavy fire from the enemy, exposing himself beyond the call of duty, thus furnishing an example of most distinguished gallantry.

BLAGHEEN, WILLIAM

  • Rank and organization: Ship's Cook, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: New York
  • G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864

Citation: On board the U.S.S. Brooklyn during successful attacks against Fort Morgan, rebel gunboats and the ram Tennessee in Mobile Bay, on 5 August 1864. Stationed in the immediate vicinity of the shell whips which were twice cleared of men by bursting shells, Blagheen remained steadfast at his post and performed his duties in the powder division throughout the furious action which resulted in the surrender of the prize rebel ram Tennessee and in the damaging and destruction of batteries at Fort Morgan.

BLAIR, ROBERT M.

  • Rank and organization: Boatswain's Mate, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: Vermont
  • G.O. No.: 59, 22 June 1865

Citation: Served on board the U.S.S. Pontoosuc during the capture of Fort Fisher and Wilmington, 24 December 1864 to 22 January 1865. Carrying out his duties faithfully throughout this period, Blair was recommended for gallantry and skill and for his cool courage while under the fire of the enemy throughout these actions.

BLAKE, ROBERT

  • Rank and organization: Contraband, U.S. Navy
  • Entered service at: Virginia
  • G.O. No.: 32, 16 April 1864
  • Accredited to: Virginia

Citation: On board the U.S. Steam Gunboat Marblehead off Legareville, Stono River, 25 December 1863, in an engagement with the enemy on John's Island. Serving the rifle gun, Blake, an escaped slave, carried out his duties bravely throughout the engagement which resulted in the enemy's abandonment of positions, leaving a caisson and one gun behind.

BLASDEL, THOMAS A.

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company H, 83d Indiana Infantry
  • Place and date: At Vicksburg, Miss., 22 May 1863
  • Entered service at: Guilford, Ind.
  • Date of issue: 11 August 1894

Citation: Gallantry in the charge of the "volunteer storming party."

BLICKENSDERFER, MILTON

  • Rank and organization: Corporal, Company E, 126th Ohio Infantry
  • Place and date: At Petersburg, Va., 3 April 1865
  • Date of issue: 10 May 1865

Citation: Capture of flag.

BLISS, GEORGE N.

  • Rank and organization: Captain, Company C, 1st Rhode Island Cavalry
  • Place and date: At Waynesboro, Va., 28 September 1864
  • Date of issue: 3 August 1897

Citation: While in command of the provost guard in the village, he saw the Union lines returning before the attack of a greatly superior force of the enemy, mustered his guard, and, without orders, joined in the defense and charged the enemy without support. He received three saber wounds, his horse was shot, and he was taken prisoner.

BLISS, ZENAS R.

  • Rank and organization: Colonel, 7th Rhode Island Infantry
  • Place and date: At Fredericksburg, Va., 13 December 1862
  • Entered service at: Johnston, Maine
  • Date of issue: 30 December 1898

Citation: This officer, to encourage his regimen; which had never before been in action, and which had been ordered to lie down to protect itself from the enemy's fire, arose to his feet, advanced in front of the line, and himself fired several shots at the enemy at short range, being fully exposed to their fire at the time.

BLODGETT, WELIS H.

  • Rank and organization: First Lieutenant, Company D, 37th Illinois Infantry
  • Place and date: At Newtonia, Mo., 30 September 1862
  • Entered service at: Chicago, Ill.
  • Date of issue: 15 February 1894

Citation: With a single orderly, captured an armed picket of 8 men and marched them in prisoners.

BLUCHER, CHARLES

  • Rank and organization: Corporal, Company H, 188th Pennsylvania Infantry
  • Place and date: At Fort Harrison, Va., 29 September 1864
  • Entered service at: Harrisburgh, Pa.
  • Date of issue: 6 April 1865

Citation: Planted first national colors on the fortifications.

BLUNT, JOHN W.

  • Rank and organization: First Lieutenant, Company K, 6th New York Cavalry
  • Place and date: At Cedar Creek, Va., 19 October 1864. Entered service at: Chatham, Four Corners, N.Y.
  • Date of issue: Unknown

Citation: Voluntarily led a charge across a narrow bridge over the creek, against the lines of the enemy.

BOEHM, PETER M.

  • Rank and organization: Second Lieutenant, Company K, 15th New York Cavalry
  • Place and date: At Dinwiddie Courthouse, Va., 31 March 1865
  • Entered service at: Brooklyn, N.Y.
  • Date of issue: 15 December 1898

Citation: While acting as aide to General Custer, took a flag from the hands of color bearer, rode in front of a line that was being driven back and, under a heavy fire, rallied the men, re-formed the line, and repulsed the charge.

BOIS, FRANK

  • Rank and organization: Quartermaster, U.S. Navy
  • Entered service at: Northampton, Mass.
  • Date of issue: 24 November 1916
  • G.O. No.: 17, 10 July 1863

Citation: Served as quartermaster on board the U.S.S. Cincinnati during the attack on the Vicksburg batteries and at the time of her sinking, 27 May 1863. Engaging the enemy in a fierce battle, the Cincinnati, amidst an incessant fire of shot and shell, continued to fire her guns to the last, though so penetrated by enemy shellfire that her fate was sealed. Conspicuously cool in making signals throughout the battle, Bois, after all the Cincinnati's staffs had been shot away, succeeded in nailing the flag to the stump of the forestaff to enable this proud ship to go down, "with her colors nailed to the mast."

BOND, WILLIAM

  • Rank and organization: Boatswain's Mate, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: Massachusetts
  • G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864

Citation: Served on board the U.S.S. Kearsarge when she destroyed the Alabama off Cherbourg, France, 19 June 1864. Carrying out his duties courageously, Bond exhibited marked coolness and good conduct and was highly recommended for his gallantry under fire by his divisional officer.

BONEBRAKE, HENRY G.

  • Rank and organization: Lieutenant, Company G, 17th Pennsylvania Cavalry
  • Place and date: At Five Forks, Va., 1 April 1865
  • Date of issue: 3 May 1865

Citation: As 1 of the first of Devin's Division to enter the works, he fought in a hand-to-hand struggle with a Confederate to capture his flag by superior physical strength.

BONNAFFON, SYLVESTER, JR.

  • Rank and organization: First Lieutenant, Company G, 99th Pennsylvania Infantry
  • Place and date: At Boydton Plank Road, Va., 27 October 1864
  • Entered service at: Philadelphia, Pa.
  • Date of issue: 29 September 1893

Citation: Checked the rout and rallied the troops of his command in the face of a terrible fire of musketry; was severely wounded.

BOODY, ROBERT

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company B, 40th New York Infantry
  • Place and date: At Williamsburg, Va., 5 May 1862. At Chancellorsville, Va., 2 May 1863
  • Entered service at: Amesbury, Mass.
  • Date of issue: 8 July 1896

Citation: This soldier, at Williamsburg, Va., then a corporal, at great personal risk, voluntarily saved the lives of and brought from the battlefield 2 wounded comrades. A year later, at Chancellorsville, voluntarily, and at great personal risk, brought from the field of battle and saved the life of Capt. George B. Carse, Company C, 40th New York Volunteer Infantry.

BOON, HUGH P.

  • Rank and organization: Captain, Company B, 1st West Virginia Cavalry
  • Place and date: At Sailors Creek, Va., 6 April 1865
  • Date of issue: 3 May 1865

Citation: Capture of flag.

BOQUET, NICHOLAS

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company D, 1st Iowa Infantry
  • Place and date: At Wilsons Creek, Mo., 10 August 1861
  • Entered service at: Burlington, Iowa
  • Date of issue: 16 February 1897

Citation: Voluntarily left the line of battle, and, exposing himself to imminent danger from a heavy fire of the enemy, assisted in capturing a riderless horse at large between the lines and hitching him to a disabled gun, saved the gun from capture.

BOSS, ORLANDO

  • Rank and organization: Corporal, Company F, 25th Massachusetts Infantry
  • Place and date: At Cold Harbor, Va., 3 June 1864
  • Date of issue: 10 May 1888

Citation: Rescued his lieutenant, who was Iying between the lines mortally wounded; this under a heavy fire of the enemy.

BOURKE, JOHN G.

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company E, 15th Pennsylvania Cavalry
  • Place and date: At Stone River, Tenn., 31 December 1862-1 January 1863
  • Entered service at: Chicago, Ill.
  • Date of issue: 16 November 1887

Citation: Gallantry in action.

BOURNE, THOMAS

  • Rank and organization: Seaman and Gun Captain, U.S. Navy
  • Entered service at: New York, N.Y.
  • G.O. No.: 11, 3 April 1863

Citation: Served as captain of a gun on board the U.S.S. Varuna during an attack on Forts Jackson and St. Philip and while under fire and ramming by the rebel ship Morgan, 24 April 1862. During this action at extremely close range while his ship was under furious fire and was twice rammed by the rebel ship Morgan, Bourne remained steadfast at his gun and was instrumental in inflicting damage on the enemy until the Varuna, badly damaged and forced to beach, was finally sunk.

BOURY, RICHARD

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company C, 1st West Virginia Cavalry
  • Place and date: At Charlottesville, Va., 5 March 1865
  • Entered service at: Wirt Courthouse, W. Va.
  • Date of issue: 26 March 1865

Citation: Capture of flag.

BOUTWELL, JOHN W.

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company B, 18th New Hampshire Infantry
  • Place and date: At Petersburg, Va., 2 April 1865
  • Date of issue: Unknown

Citation: Brought off from the picket line, under heavy fire, a comrade who had been shot through both legs.

BOWEN, CHESTER B.

  • Rank and organization: Corporal, Company I, 19th New York Cavalry (1st New York Dragoons)
  • Place and date: At Winchester, Va., 19 September 1864
  • Date of issue: 27 September 1864

Citation: Capture of flag.

BOWEN, EMMER

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company C, 127th Illinois Infantry
  • Place and date: At Vicksburg, Miss., 22 May 1863
  • Entered service at: Hampshire, Kane County, Ill.
  • Date of issue: 21 July 1894

Citation: Gallantry in the charge of the "volunteer storming party."

BOWMAN, EDWARD R.

  • Rank and organization: Quartermaster, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: Maine
  • G.O. No.: 59, 22 June 1865

Citation: On board the U.S.S. Ticonderoga during attacks on Fort Fisher 13 to 15 January 1865. Despite severe wounds sustained during the action Bowman displayed outstanding courage in the performance of duty as his ship maintained its well-placed fire upon the batteries on shore, and thereafter, as she materially lessened the power of guns on the mound which had been turned upon our assaulting columns. During this battle the flag was planted on one of the strongest fortifications possessed by the rebels.

BOX, THOMAS J.

  • Rank and organization: Captain, Company D, 27th Indiana Infantry
  • Place and date: At Resaca, Ga., 14 May 1864
  • Entered service at: Bedford, Ind.
  • Date of issue: 7 April 1865

Citation: Capture of flag of the 38th Alabama Infantry (C.S.A.).

BOYNTON, HENRY V.

  • Rank and organization: Lieutenant Colonel, 35th Ohio Infantry
  • Place and date: At Missionary Ridge, Tenn., 25 November 1863
  • Entered service at: Ohio
  • Date of issue: 15 November 1893

Citation: Led his regiment in the face of a severe fire of the enemy; was severely wounded.

BRADLEY, AMOS

  • Rank and organization: Landsman, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: New York
  • G.O. No.: 11, 3 April 1863

Citation: Served on board the U.S.S. Varuna in one of the most responsible positions, during the attacks on Forts Jackson and St. Philip, and while in action against the rebel ship Morgan, 24 April 1862. Although guns were raking the decks from behind him, Bradley remained steadfast at the wheel throughout the thickest of the fight, continuing at his station and rendering service with the greatest courage until his ship, repeatedly holed and twice rammed by the rebel ship Morgan, was beached and sunk.

BRADLEY, CHARLES

  • Rank and organization: Boatswain's Mate, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: New York
  • G.O. No.: 11, 3 April 1863

Citation: Served on board the U.S.S. Louisville. Carrying out his duties through the thick of battle and acting as captain of a 9-inch gun, Bradley consistently showed, "Attention to duty, bravery, and coolness in action against the enemy."

BRADLEY, THOMAS W.

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company H, 124th New York Infantry
  • Place and date: At Chancellorsville, Va., 3 May 1863
  • Entered service at: Walden, N.Y.
  • Date of issue: 10 June 1896

Citation: Volunteered in response to a call and alone, in the face of a heavy fire of musketry and canister, went and procured ammunition for the use of his comrades.

BRADY, JAMES

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company F, 10th New Hampshire Infantry
  • Place and date: At Chapins Farm, Va., 29 September 1864
  • Entered service at: Kingston, N.H.
  • Date of issue: 6 April 1865

Citation: Capture of flag.

BRANDLE, JOSEPH E.

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company C, 17th Michigan Infantry
  • Place and date: At Lenoire, Tenn., 16 November 1863
  • Entered service at: Colon, Mich.
  • Date of issue: 20 July 1897

Citation: While color bearer of his regiment, having been twice wounded and the sight of one eye destroyed, still held to the colors until ordered to the rear by his regimental commander.

BRANNIGAN, FELIX

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company A, 74th New York Infantry
  • Place and date: At Chancellorsville, Va., 2 May 1863
  • Entered service at: Allegheny County, Pa.
  • Date of issue: 29 June 1866

Citation: Volunteered on a dangerous service and brought in valuable information.

BRANT, WILLIAM

  • Rank and organization: Lieutenant, Company B, 1st New Jersey Veteran Battalion
  • Place and date: At Petersburg, Va., 3 April 1865
  • Date of issue: 10 May 1865

Citation: Capture of battle flag of 46th North Carolina (C.S.A.).

BRAS, EDGAR A.

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company K, 8th Iowa Infantry
  • Place and date: Spanish Fort, Ala., 8 April 1865
  • Entered service at: Louisa County, Iowa
  • Date of issue: 8 June 1865

Citation: Capture of flag.

BRAZELL, JOHN

  • Rank and organization: Quartermaster, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: Pennsylvania
  • G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864

Citation: Served on board the U.S.S. Richmond in the action at Mobile Bay, 5 August 1864, where he was recommended for coolness and good conduct as a gun captain during that engagement which resulted in the capture of the rebel ram Tennessee and in the destruction of Fort Morgan. Brazell served gallantly throughout the actions with Forts Jackson and St. Philip, the Chalmettes, batteries below Vicksburg, and was present at the surrender of New Orleans while on board the U.S.S. Brooklyn.

BREEN, JOHN

  • Rank and organization: Boatswain's Mate, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: New York
  • G.O. No.: 11, 3 April 1863

Citation: On board the U.S.S. Commodore Perry in the attack upon Franklin, Va., 3 October 1862. With enemy fire raking the deck of his ship and blockades thwarting her progress, Breen remained at his post and performed his duties with skill and courage as the Commodore Perry fought a gallant battle to silence many rebel batteries as she steamed down the Blackwater River.

BRENNAN, CHRISTOPHER

  • Rank and organization: Seaman, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: Massachusetts
  • G.O. No.: 17, 10 July 1863

Citation: On board the U.S.S. Mississippi during attacks on Forts Jackson and St. Philip and during the taking of New Orleans, 24-25 April 1862. Taking part in the actions which resulted in the damaging of the Mississippi and several casualties on it, Brennan showed skill and courage throughout the entire engagements which resulted in the taking of St. Philip and Jackson and in the surrender of New Orleans.

BREST, LEWIS F.

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company D, 57th Pennsylvania Infantry
  • Place and date: At Sailors Creek, Va., 6 April 1865
  • Date of Issue: 10 May 1865

Citation: Capture of flag.

BREWER, WILLIAM J.

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company C, 2d New York Cavalry
  • Place and date: At Appomattox campaign, Va., 4 April 1865
  • Date of issue: 3 May 1865

Citation: Capture of engineer flag, Army of Northern Virginia.

BREYER, CHARLES

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company I, 90th Pennsylvania Infantry
  • Place and date: At Rappahannock Station, Va., 23 August 1862
  • Entered service at: Philadelphia, Pa.
  • Date of issue: 8 July 1896

Citation: Voluntarily, and at great personal risk, picked up an unexploded shell and threw it away, thus doubtless saving the life of a comrade whose arm had been taken off by the same shell.

BRIGGS, ELIJAH A.

  • Rank and organization: Corporal, Company B, 2d Connecticut Heavy Artillery
  • Place and date: At Petersburg, Va., 3 April 1865
  • Entered service at: Salisbury, Conn.
  • Date of issue: 10 May 1865

Citation: Capture of battle flag.

BRINGLE, ANDREW

  • Rank and organization: Corporal, Company F, 10th New York Cavalry
  • Place and date: At Sailors Creek, Va., 6 April 1865
  • Date of issue: 3 July 1865

Citation: Charged the enemy and assisted Sgt. Norton in capturing a fieldpiece and 2 prisoners.

BRINN, ANDREW

  • Rank and organization: Seaman, U.S. Navy
  • Entered service at: New York
  • G.O. No.: 17, 10 July 1863

Citation: Served on board the U.S.S. Mississippi during her abandonment and firing in the engagement at Port Hudson, 14 March 1863. Remaining under enemy fire for 21/2 hours, Brinn remained on board the grounded vessel until all the abandoning crew had landed. After asking to be assigned some duty, he was finally ordered to save himself and to leave the Mississippi which had been deliberately fired to prevent her falling into rebel hands.

BRONNER, AUGUST F.

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company C, 1st New York Artillery
  • Place and date: At White Oak Swamp, Va., 30 June 1862. At Malvern Hill, Va., 1 July 1862
  • Date of issue: Unknown

Citation: Continued to fight after being severely wounded.

BRONSON, JAMES H.

  • Rank and organization: First Sergeant, Company D, 5th U.S. Colored Troops
  • Place and date: At Chapins Farm, Va., 29 September 1864
  • Entered service at: Delaware County, Ohio
  • Date of issue: 6 April 1865

Citation: Took command of his company, all the officers having been killed or wounded, and gallantly led it.

BROSNAN, JOHN

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company E, 164th New York Infantry
  • Place and date: At Petersburg, Va., 17 June 1864
  • Entered service at: New York, N.Y.
  • Date of issue: 18 January 1894

Citation: Rescued a wounded comrade who lay exposed to the enemy's fire, receiving a severe wound in the effort.

BROUSE, CHARLES W.

  • Rank and organization: Captain, Company K, 100th Indiana Infantry
  • Place and date: At Missionary Ridge, Tenn., 25 November 1863
  • Entered service at: Indianapolis, Ind.
  • Date of issue: 16 May 1899

Citation: To encourage his men whom he had ordered to lie down while under severe fire, and who were partially protected by slight earthworks, himself refused to lie down, but walked along the top of the works until he fell severely wounded.

BROWN, CHARLES

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company C, 50th Pennsylvania Infantry
  • Place and date: At Weldon Railroad, Va., 19 August 1864
  • Date of issue: 1 December 1864

Citation: Capture of flag of 47th Virginia Infantry (C.S.A.).

BROWN, EDWARD, JR.

  • Rank and organization: Corporal, Company G, 62d New York Infantry
  • Place and date: At Fredericksburg and Salem Heights, Va., 3-4 May 1863
  • Entered service at: New York, N.Y.
  • Date of issue: 24 November 1880

Citation: Severely wounded while carrying the colors, he continued at his post, under fire, until ordered to the rear.

BROWN, HENRI LE FEVRE

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company B, 72d New York Infantry
  • Place and date: At Wilderness, Va., 6 May 1864
  • Entered service at: Ellicott, N.Y.
  • Date of issue: 23 June 1896

Citation: Voluntarily and under a heavy fire from the enemy, 3 times crossed the field of battle with a load of ammunition in a blanket on his back, thus supplying the Federal forces, whose ammunition had nearly all been expended, and enabling them to hold their position until reinforcement arrived, when the enemy were driven from their position.

BROWN, JAMES

  • Rank and organization: Quartermaster, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: New York
  • G.O. No.: 32, 16 April 1864

Citation: Served on board the U.S.S. Albatross during action against Fort De Russy in the Red River Area on 4 May 1863. After the steering wheel and wheel ropes had been shot away by rebel fire, Brown stood on the gun platform of the quarterdeck, exposing himself to a close fire of musketry from the shore, and rendered invaluable assistance by his expert management of the relieving tackles in extricating the vessel from a perilous position, and thereby aided in the capture of Fort De Russy's heavyworks.

BROWN, JEREMIAH Z.

  • Rank and organization: Captain, Company K, 148th Pennsylvania Infantry
  • Place and date: At Petersburg, Va., 27 October 1864
  • Entered service at: Rimmersburg, Pa.
  • Date of issue: 22 June 1896

Citation: With 100 selected volunteers, assaulted and captured the works of the enemy, together with a number of officers and men.

BROWN, JOHN

  • Rank and organization: Captain of the Forecastle, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: New York
  • G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864

Citation: On board the U.S.S. Brooklyn during action against rebel forts and gunboats and with the ram Tennessee in Mobile Bay, 5 August 1864. Despite severe damage to his ship and the loss of several men on board as enemy fire raked her decks from stem to stern, Brown fought his gun with skill and courage throughout the furious battle which resulted in the surrender of the prize rebel ram Tennessee and in the damaging and destruction of batteries at Fort Morgan.

BROWN, JOHN H.

  • Rank and organization: First Sergeant, Company A, 47th Ohio Infantry
  • Place and date: At Vicksburg, Miss., 19 May 1863
  • Entered service at: Cincinnati, Ohio
  • Date of issue: 24 August 1896

Citation: Voluntarily carried a verbal message from Col. A. C. Parry to Gen. Hugh Ewing through a terrific fire and in plain view of the enemy.

BROWN, JOHN HARTIES

  • Rank and organization: Captain, Company D, 12th Kentucky Infantry
  • Place and date: At Franklin, Tenn., 30 November 1864
  • Entered service at: Charlestown, Mass.
  • Date of issue: 13 February 1865

Citation: Capture of flag.

*BROWN, MORRIS, JR.

  • Rank and organization: Captain, Company A, 126th New York Infantry
  • Place and date: At Gettysburg, Pa., 3 July 1863
  • Entered service at: Penn Yan, N.Y.
  • Date of issue: 6 March 1869

Citation: Capture of flag.

BROWN, ROBERT

  • Rank and organization: Captain of the Top, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: New York
  • G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864

Citation: On board the U.S.S. Richmond in action at Mobile Bay on 5 August 1864. Cool and courageous at his station throughout the prolonged action. Brown rendered gallant service as his vessel trained her guns on Fort Morgan and on ships of the Confederacy despite extremely heavy return fire. He participated in the actions at Forts Jackson and St. Philip, with the Chalmette batteries, at the surrender of New Orleans and in the attacks on batteries below Vicksburg.

BROWN, ROBERT B.

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company A, 15th Ohio Infantry
  • Place and date: At Missionary Ridge, Tenn., 25 November 1863
  • Entered service at: Zanesville
  • Date of issue: 27 March 1890

Citation: Upon reaching the ridge through concentrated fire, he approached the color bearer of the 9th Mississippi Infantry (C.S.A.), demanded his surrender with threatening gesture and took him prisoner with his regimental flag.

BROWN, URIAH

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company G, 30th Ohio Infantry
  • Place and date: At Vicksburg, Miss., 22 May 1863
  • Date of issue: 15 August 1894

Citation: Despite the death of his captain at his side during the assault he continued carrying his log to the defense ditch. While he was laying his log in place he was shot down and thrown into the water. Unmindful of his own wound he, despite the intense fire, dragged 5 of his comrades from the ditch, wherein they lay wounded, to a place of safety.

BROWN, WILLIAM H.

  • Rank and organization: Landsman, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: Maryland
  • G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864

Citation: On board the U.S.S. Brooklyn during successful attacks against Fort Morgan rebel gunboats and the ram Tennessee in Mobile Bay on 5 August 1864. Stationed in the immediate vicinity of the shell whips which were twice cleared of men by bursting shells, Brown remained steadfast at his post and performed his duties in the powder division throughout the furious action which resulted in the surrender of the prize rebel ram Tennessee and in the damaging and destruction of batteries at Fort Morgan.

BROWN, WILSON

  • Rank and organization: Landsman, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: Mississippi
  • G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864

Citation: On board the flagship U.S.S. Hartford during successful attacks against Fort Morgan, rebel gunboats and the ram Tennessee in Mobile Bay on 5 August 1864. Knocked unconscious into the hold of the ship when an enemy shellburst fatally wounded a man on the ladder above him, Brown, upon regaining consciousness, promptly returned to the shell whip on the berth deck and zealously continued to perform his duties although 4 of the 6 men at this station had been either killed or wounded by the enemy's terrific fire.

BROWN, WILSON W.

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company F., 21st Ohio Infantry
  • Place and date: Georgia, April 1862
  • Entered service at: Wood County, Ohio
  • Date of issue: September 1863

Citation: One of the 19 of 22 men (including 2 civilians) who, by direction of Gen. Mitchell (or Buell), penetrated nearly 200 miles south into enemy territory and captured a railroad train at Big Shanty, Ga., in an attempt to destroy the bridges and tract between Chattanooga and Atlanta.

BROWNELL, FRANCIS E.

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company A, 11th New York Infantry
  • Place and date: Alexandria, Va., 24 May 1861
  • Entered service at: Troy, N.Y.
  • Date of issue: 26 January 1877

Citation: Killed the murderer of Colonel Ellsworth at the Marshall House Alexandria, Va. First Civil War deed to merit Medal of Honor.

BROWNELL, WILLIAM P.

  • Rank and organization: Coxswain, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: New York
  • G.O. No.: 32, 16 April 1864

Citation: Served as coxswain on board the U.S.S. Benton during the attack on Great Gulf Bay, 2 May 1863, and Vicksburg, 22 May 1863. Carrying out his duties with coolness and courage, Brownell served gallantly against the enemy as captain of a 9-inch gun in the attacks on Great Gulf and Vicksburg and as a member of the Battery Benton before Vicksburg.

BRUNER, LOUIS J.

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company H, 5th Indiana Cavalry
  • Place and date: At Walkers Ford, Tenn., 2 December 1863
  • Entered service at: Clifty Brumer, Ind.
  • Date of issue: 9 March 1896

Citation: Voluntarily passed through the enemy's lines under fire and conveyed to a battalion, then in a perilous position and liable to capture, information which enabled it to reach a point of safety.

BRUSH, GEORGE W.

  • Rank and organization: Lieutenant, Company B, 34th U.S. Colored Troops
  • Place and date: At Ashepoo River, S.C., 24 May 1864
  • Entered service at: New York
  • Date of issue: 21 January 1897

Citation: Voluntarily commanded a boat crew, which went to the rescue of a large number of Union soldiers on board the stranded steamer Boston, and with great gallantry succeeded in conveying them to shore, being exposed during the entire time to heavy fire from a Confederate battery.

BRUTON ( BRATON ), CHRISTOPHER C.

  • Rank and organization: Captain, Company C, 22d New York Cavalry
  • Place and date: At Waynesboro, Va., 2 March 1865
  • Entered service at: Riga, Monroe County, N.Y.
  • Date of issue: 26 March 1865

Citation: Capture of Gen. Early's headquarters flag. Confederate national standard.

BRUTSCHE, HENRY

  • Rank and organization: Landsman, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: Pennsylvania
  • G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864

Citation: Served on board the U.S.S. Tacony during the taking of Plymouth, N.C., 31 October 1864. Carrying out his duties faithfully during the capture of Plymouth, Brutsche distinguished himself by a display of coolness when he participated in landing and spiking a 9-inch gun while under a devastating fire from enemy musketry.

BRYANT, ANDREW S.

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company A, 46th Massachusetts Infantry
  • Place and date: At New Bern, N.C., 23 May 1863
  • Entered service at: Massachusetts
  • Date of issue: 13 August 1873

Citation: By his courage and judicious disposition of his guard of 16 men, stationed in a small earthwork at the head of the bridge, held in check and repulsed for a half hour a fierce attack of a strong force of the enemy, thus probably saving the city New Bern from capture.

*BUCHANAN, GEORGE A.

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company G, 148th New York Infantry
  • Place and date: At Chapins Farm, Va., 29 September 1864
  • Entered service at: Ontario County, N.Y.
  • Date of issue: 6 April 1865

Citation: Took position in advance of the skirmish line and drove the enemy's cannoneers from their guns; was mortally wounded.

BUCK, F. CLARENCE

  • Rank and organization: Corporal, Company A, 21st Connecticut Infantry
  • Place and date: At Chapins Farm, Va., 29 September 1864
  • Entered service at: Windsor Conn.
  • Date of issue: 6 April 1865

Citation: A;though wounded, refused to leave the field until the fight closed.

BUCK, JAMES

  • Rank and organization: Quartermaster, U.S. Navy
  • G.O. No.: 11, 3 April 1863

Citation: Served on board the U.S.S. Brooklyn in the attack upon Forts Jackson and St. Philip and at the taking of New Orleans, 24 and 25 April 1862. Although severely wounded by a heavy splinter, Buck continued to perform his duty until positively ordered below. Later stealing back to his post, he steered the ship for 8 hours despite his critical condition. His bravery was typical of the type which resulted in the taking of the Forts Jackson and St. Philip and in the capture of New Orleans.

BUCKINGHAM, DAVID E.

  • Rank and organization: First Lieutenant, Company E, 4th Delaware Infantry
  • Place and date: At Rowanty Creek, Va., 5 February 1865
  • Date of issue: 13 February 1895

Citation: Swam the partly frozen creek, under fire, in the attempt to capture a crossing.

BUCKLES, ABRAM J.

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company E, 19th Indiana Infantry
  • Place and date: At Wilderness, Va., 5 May 1864
  • Entered service at: Muncie, Ind.
  • Date of issue: 4 December 1893

Citation: Though suffering from an open wound, carried the regimental colors until again wounded.

BUCKLEY, DENNIS

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company G, 136th New York Infantry
  • Place and date: At Peach Tree Creek, Ga., 20 July 1864
  • Entered service at: Avon, N.Y.
  • Date of issue: 7 April 1865

Citation: Capture of flag of 31st Mississippi (C.S.A.).

BUCKLEY, JOHN C.

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company G, 4th West Virginia Infantry
  • Place and date: At Vicksburg, Miss., 22 May 1863
  • Date of issue: 9 July 1894

Citation: Gallantry in the charge of the "volunteer storming party."

BUCKLYN, JOHN K.

  • Rank and organization: First Lieutenant, Battery E, 1st Rhode Island Light Artillery
  • Place and date: At Chancellorsville, Va., 3 May 1863
  • Entered service at: Rhode Island
  • Date of issue: 13 July 1899

Citation: Though himself wounded, gallantly fought his section of the battery under a fierce fire from the enemy until his ammunition was all expended, many of the cannoneers and most of the horses killed or wounded, and the enemy within 25 yards of the guns, when, disabling one piece, he brought off the other in safety.

BUFFINGTON, JOHN E.

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company C, 6th Maryland Infantry
  • Place and date: At Petersburg, Va., 2 April 1865
  • Date of issue: Unknown

Citation: Was the first enlisted man of the 3d Division to mount the parapet of the enemy's line.

BUFFUM, ROBERT (3d to receive Medal of Honor)

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company H, 21st Ohio Infantry
  • Place and date: Georgia, April 1862
  • Date of issue: 25 March 1863

Citation: One of the 19 of 22 men (including 2 civilians) who, by direction of Gen. Mitchell (or Buell), penetrated nearly 200 miles south into enemy territory and captured a railroad train at Big Shanty, Ga., in an attempt to destroy the bridges and track between Chattanooga and Atlanta.

BUHRMAN, HENRY G.

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company H, 54th Ohio Infantry
  • Place and date: At Vicksburg, Miss., 22 May 1863
  • Date of issue: 12 July 1894

Citation: Gallantry in the charge of the "volunteer storming party."

BUMGARNER, WILLIAM

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company A, 4th West Virginia Infantry
  • Place and date: At Petersburg, Va., 2 April 1862
  • Entered service at: Mason City, W. Va.
  • Date of issue: 10 July 1894

Citation: Gallantry in the charge of the "volunteer storming party."

BURBANK, JAMES H.

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company K, 4th Rhode Island Infantry
  • Place and date: At Blackwater, near Franklin, Va., 3 October 1862
  • Entered service at: Providence, R.I.
  • Date of issue: 27 July 1896

Citation: Gallantry in action while on detached service on board the gunboat Barney.

BURGER, JOSEPH

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company H, 2d Minnesota Infantry
  • Place and date: At Nolensville, Tenn., 15 February 1863
  • Entered service at: Crystal Lake, Minn.
  • Date of issue: 11 September 1897

Citation: Was one of a detachment of 16 men who heroically defended a wagon train against the attack of 125 cavalry, repulsed the attack and saved the train.

BURK, E. MICHAEL

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company D, 125th New York Infantry
  • Place and date: At Spotslvania, Va., 12 May 1864
  • Entered service at: Troy, N.Y.
  • Date of issue: 1 December 1864

Citation: Capture of flag, seizing it as his regiment advanced over the enemy's works. He received a bullet wound in the chest while capturing flag.

BURK, THOMAS

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company H, 97th New York Infantry
  • Place and date: At Wilderness, Va., 6 May 1864
  • Entered service at: Harrisburgh, Lewis County, N.Y.
  • Date of Issue: 24 August 1896

Citation: At the risk of his own life went back while the rebels were still firing and, finding Col. Wheelock unable to move, alone and unaided, carried him off the field of battle.

BURKE, DANIEL W.

  • Rank and organization: First Sergeant, Company B, 2d U.S. Infantry
  • Place and date: At Shepherdstown Ford, Va., 20 September 1862
  • Entered service at: Connecticut
  • Date of issue 21 April 1892

Citation: Voluntarily attempted to spike a gun in the face of the enemy.

BURKE, THOMAS

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company A, 5th New York Cavalry
  • Place and date: At Hanover Courthouse, Va., 30 June 1863
  • Date of issue: 11 February 1878

Citation: Capture of battle flag.

BURNS, JAMES M.

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company B, 1st West Virginia Infantry
  • Place and date: At New Market, Va., 15 May 1864
  • Entered service at: Jefferson County, Ohio
  • Date of issue: 20 November 1896

Citation: Under a heavy fire of musketry, rallied a few men to the support of the colors, in danger of capture and bore them to a place of safety. One of his comrades having been severely wounded in the effort, Sgt. Burns went back a hundred yards m the face of the enemy's fire and carried the wounded man from the field.

BURNS, JOHN M.

  • Rank and organization: Seaman, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: New York
  • G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864

Citation: On board the U.S.S. Lackawanna during successful attacks against Fort Morgan, rebel gunboats and the ram Tennessee in Mobile Bay, on 5 August 1864. Although severely wounded and sent below under the surgeon's charge, Burns promptly returned to his station and assisted the powder division throughout the prolonged action which resulted in the capture of the rebel ram Tennessee and in the damaging and destruction of Fort Morgan.

BURRITT, WILLIAM W.

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company G, 113th Illinois Infantry
  • Place and date: At Vicksburg, Miss., 27 April 1863
  • Entered service at: Chicago, Ill.
  • Date of issue: 8 July 1896

Citation: Voluntarily acted as a fireman on a steam tug which ran the blockade and passed the batteries under a heavy fire.

BURTON, ALBERT

  • Rank and organization: Seaman, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: New York
  • G.O. No.: 59, 22 June 1865

Citation: Served on board the U.S.S. Wabash in the assault on Fort Fisher, 15 January 1865. Advancing gallantly through the severe enemy fire while armed only with a revolver and cutlass which made it impossible to return the fire at that range, Burton succeeded in reaching the angle of the fort and going on, to be one of the few who entered the fort. When the rest of the body of men to his rear were forced to retreat under a devastating fire, he was forced to withdraw through lack of support, and to seek the shelter of one of the mounds near the stockade from which point he succeeded in regaining the safety of his ship.

BUTTERFIELD, DANIEL

  • Rank and organization: Brigadier General, U.S. Volunteers
  • Place and date: At Gaines Mill, Va., 27 June 1862
  • Entered service at: Washington, D.C.
  • Date of issue: 26 September 1892

Citation: Seized the colors of the 83d Pennsylvania Volunteers at a critical moment and, under a galling fire of the enemy, encouraged the depleted ranks to renewed exertion.

BUTTERFIELD, FRANK G.

  • Rank and organization: First Lieutenant, Company C, 6th Vermont Infantry
  • Place and date: At Salem Heights, Va., 4 May 1863
  • Entered service at: Rockingham, Vt.
  • Date of issue: 4 May 1891

Citation: Took command of the skirmish line and covered the movement of his regiment out of a precarious position.

BUTTS, GEORGE

  • Rank and organization: Gunner's Mate, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: Ohio
  • G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864

Citation: Served on board the U.S.S. Signal, Red River, 5 May 1864. Proceeding up the Red River, the U.S.S. Signal engaged a large force of enemy field batteries and sharpshooters, returning their fire until the ship was totally disabled, at which time the white flag was raised. Although entered on the sick list, Butts courageously carried out his duties during the entire engagement.

BYRNES, JAMES

  • Rank and organization: Boatswain's Mate, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: New York
  • G.O. No.: 11, 3 April 1863

Citation: Served on board the U.S.S. Louisville. Carrying out his duties through the thick of battle and acting as captain of a 9-inch gun, Brynes consistently showed "Attention to duty, bravery, and coolness in action against the enemy."

CADWALLADER, ABEL G.

  • Rank and organization: Corporal, Company H, 1st Maryland Infantry
  • Place and date: At Hatchers Run and Dabneys Mills, Va., 6 February 1865
  • Date of issue: 5 January 1897

Citation: Gallantly planted the colors on the enemy's works in advance of the arrival of his regiment.

CADWELL, LUMAN L.

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company B, 2d New York Veteran Cavalry
  • Place and date: At Alabama Bayou, La., 20 September 1864
  • Date of issue: 17 August 1894

Citation: Swam the bayou under fire of the enemy and captured and brought off a boat by means of which the command crossed and routed the enemy.

CALDWELL, DANIEL

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company H, 13th Pennsylvania Cavalry
  • Place and date: At Hatchers Run, Va., 6 February 1865
  • Date of issue: 25 February 1865

Citation: In a mounted charge, dashed into center of the enemy's line and captured the colors of the 33rd North Carolina Infantry.

CALKIN, IVERS S.

  • Rank and organization: First Sergeant, Company M., 2d New York Cavalry
  • Place and date: At Sailors Creek, Va., 6 April 1865
  • Entered service at: Willsborough, N.Y.
  • Date of issue: 3 May 1865

Citation: Capture of flag of 18th Virginia Infantry (C.S.A.).

CALLAHAN, JOHN H.

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company B, 122d Illinois Infantry
  • Place and date: At Fort Blakely, Ala., 9 April 1865
  • Entered service at: Macoupin County, Ill.
  • Date of issue: 8 June 1865

Citation: Capture of flag.

CAMP, CARLTON N.

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company B, 18th New Hampshire Infantry
  • Place and date: At Petersburg, Va., 2 April 1865
  • Entered service at: Hanover, N.H.
  • Date of issue: Unknown

Citation: Brought off from the picket line, under heavy fire, a comrade who had been shot through both legs.

CAMPBELL, JAMES A.

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company A, 2d New York Cavalry
  • Place and date: At Woodstock, Va., 22 January 1865; At Amelia Courthouse, Va., 5 April 1865
  • Date of issue: 30 October 1897

Citation: While his command was retreating before superior numbers at Woodstock, Va., he voluntarily rushed back with one companion and rescued his commanding officer, who had been unhorsed and left behind. At Amelia Courthouse captured 2 battle flags.

CAMPBELL, WILLIAM

  • Rank and organization: Boatswain's Mate, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: Indiana
  • G.O. No.: 59, 22 June 1865

Citation: On board the U.S.S. Ticonderoga during attacks on Fort Fisher, 24 and 25 December 1864; and 13 to 15 January 1865. Despite heavy return fire by the enemy and the explosion of the 100-pounder Parrott rifle which killed 8 men and wounded 12 more, Campbell, as captain of a gun, performed his duties with skill and courage during the first 2 days of battle. As his ship again took position on the line of the 13th, he remained steadfast as the Ticonderoga maintained a well-placed fire upon the batteries on shore, and thereafter, as she materially lessened the power of guns on the mound which had been turned upon our assaulting columns. During this action the flag was planted on one of the strongest fortifications possessed by the rebels.

CAMPBELL, WILLIAM

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company I, 30th Ohio Infantry
  • Place and date: At Vicksburg, Miss., 22 May 1863
  • Date of issue: 14 August 1894

Citation: Gallantry in the charge of the "volunteer storming party."

CAPEHART, CHARLES E.

  • Rank and organization: Major, 1st West Virginia Cavalry
  • Place and date: At Monterey Mountain, Pa., 4 July 1863
  • Entered service at: Washington, D.C.
  • Date of issue: 7 April 1898

Citation: While commanding the regiment, charged down the mountain side at midnight, in a heavy rain, upon the enemy's fleeing wagon train. Many wagons were captured and destroyed and many prisoners taken.

CAPEHART, HENRY

  • Rank and organization: Colonel, 1st West Virginia Cavalry
  • Place and date: At Greenbrier River, W. Va., 22 May 1864
  • Entered service at: Bridgeport, Ohio
  • Date of issue: 12 February 1895

Citation: Saved, under fire, the life of a drowning soldier.

CAPRON, HORACE, JR.

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company G, 8th Illinois Cavalry
  • Place and date: At Chickahominy and Ashland, Va., June 1862
  • Entered service at: Peoria, Ill.
  • Date of issue: 27 September 1865

Citation: Gallantry in action.

CAREY, HUGH

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company E, 82d New York Infantry
  • Place and date: At Gettysburg, Pa., 2 July 1863
  • Date of issue: 6 February 1888

Citation: Captured the flag of the 7th Virginia Infantry (C.S.A.), being twice wounded in the effort.

CAREY, JAMES L.

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company G, 10th New York Cavalry
  • Place and date: At Appomattox Courthouse, Va., 9 April 1865
  • Date of issue: Unknown

Citation: Daring bravery and urging the men forward in a charge.

CARLISLE, CASPER R.

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company F, Independent Pennsylvania Light Artillery
  • Place and date: At Gettysburg, Pa., 2 July 1863
  • Entered service at: Allegheny County, Pa.
  • Date of issue: 21 December 1892

Citation: Saved a gun of his battery under heavy musketry fire, most of the horses being killed and the drivers wounded.

CARMAN, WARREN

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company H, 1st New York (Lincoln) Cavalry
  • Place and date: At Waynesboro, Va., 2 March 1865
  • Date of issue: 26 March 1865

Citation: Capture of flag and several prisoners.

CARMIN, ISAAC H.

  • Rank and organization: Corporal, Company A, 48th Ohio Infantry
  • Place and date: At Vicksburg, Miss., 22 May 1863
  • Date of issue: 25 February 1895

Citation: Saved his regimental flag; also seized and threw a shell, with burning fuse, from among his comrades.

CARNEY, WILLIAM H.

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company C, 54th Massachusetts Colored Infantry
  • Place and date: At Fort Wagner, S.C., 18 July 1863
  • Entered service at: New Bedford, Mass.
  • Date of issue: 23 May 1900

Citation: When the color sergeant was shot down, this soldier grasped the flag, led the way to the parapet, and planted the colors thereon. When the troops fell back he brought off the flag, under a fierce fire in which he was twice severely wounded.

CARR, EUGENE A.

  • Rank and organization: Colonel, 3d Illinois Cavalry
  • Place and date: At Pea Ridge, Ark., 7 March 1862
  • Entered service at: Hamburg, Erie County, N.Y.
  • Date of issue: 16 January 1894

Citation: Directed the deployment of his command and held his ground, under a brisk fire of shot and shell in which he was several times wounded.

CARR, FRANKLIN

  • Rank and organization: Corporal, Company D, 124th Ohio Infantry
  • Place and date: At Nashville, Tenn., 16 December 1864
  • Date of issue: 24 February 1865

Citation: Recapture of U.S. guidon from a rebel battery.

CARR, WILLIAM M.

  • Rank and organization: Master-at-Arms, U.S. Navy
  • G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864

Citation: On board the U.S.S. Richmond during action against rebel forts and gunboats and with the ram Tennessee in Mobile Bay, 5 August 1864. Despite damage to his ship and the loss of several men on board as enemy fire raked her decks, Carr performed his duties with skill and courage throughout the prolonged battle which resulted in the surrender of the rebel ram Tennessee and in the successful attacks carried out on Fort Morgan.

CARSON, WILLIAM J.

  • Rank and organization: Musician, Company E, 1st Battalion, 15th U.S. Infantry
  • Place and date: At Chickamauga, Ga., 19 September 1863
  • Entered service at: North Greenfield, Ohio
  • Date of issue: 27 January 1894

Citation: At a critical stage in the battle when the 14th Corps lines were wavering and in disorder he on his own initiative bugled "to the colors" amid the 18th U.S. Infantry who formed by him, and held the enemy. Within a few minutes he repeated his action amid the wavering 2d Ohio Infantry. This bugling deceived the enemy who believed reinforcements had arrived. Thus, they delayed their attack.

CART, JACOB

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company A, 7th Pennsylvania Reserve Corps
  • Place and date: At Fredericksburg, Va., 13 December, 1862
  • Date of issue: 25 November 1864

Citation: Capture of flag of 19th Georgia Infantry (C.S.A.), wresting it from the hands of the color bearer.

CARTER, JOHN J.

  • Rank and organization: Second Lieutenant, Company B, 33d New York Infantry
  • Place and date: At Antietam, Md., 17 September 1862
  • Entered service at: Nunda, N.Y.
  • Date of issue: 10 September 1897

Citation: While in command of a detached company, seeing his regiment thrown into confusion by a charge of the enemy, without orders made a countercharge upon the attacking column and checked the assault. Penetrated within the enemy's lines at night and obtained valuable information.

CARTER, JOSEPH F.

  • Rank and organization: Captain, Company D, 3d Maryland Infantry
  • Place and date: At Fort Stedman, Va., 25 March 1865
  • Entered service at: Baltimore, Md.
  • Date of issue: 9 July 1891

Citation: Captured the colors of the 51st Virginia Infantry (C.S.A.). During the battle he was captured and escaped bringing a number of prisoners with him.

CARUANA, ORLANDO E.

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company K, 51st New York Infantry
  • Place and date: At New Bern, N.C., 14 March 1862; at South Mountain, Md., 14 September 1862
  • Date of issue: 14 November 1890

Citation: At New Bern, N.C., brought off the wounded color sergeant and the colors under a heavy fire of the enemy. Was one of four soldiers who volunteered to determine the position of the enemy at South Mountain, Md. While so engaged was fired upon and his three companions killed, but he escaped and rejoined his command in safety.

CASEY, DAVID

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company C, 25th Massachusetts Infantry
  • Place and date: At Cold Harbor, Va., 3 June 1864
  • Entered service at: Northbridge, Mass.
  • Date of issue: 14 September 1888

Citation: Two color bearers having been shot dead one after the other, the last one far in advance of his regiment and close to the enemy's line, this soldier rushed forward, and, under a galling fire, after removing the dead body of the bearer therefrom, secured the flag and returned with it to the Union lines.

CASEY, HENRY

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company C, 20th Ohio Infantry
  • Place and date: At Vicksburg, Miss., 22 April 1863
  • Date of issue: 23 September 1897

Citation: Voluntarily served as one of the crew of a transport that passed the forts under a heavy fire.

CASSIDY, MICHAEL

  • Rank and organization: Landsman, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: New York
  • G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864

Citation: Served on board the U.S.S. Lackawanna during successful attacks against Fort Morgan, rebel gunboats and the ram Tennessee, in Mobile Bay, 5 August 1864. Displaying great coolness and exemplary behavior as first sponger of a gun, Cassidy, by his coolness under fire, received the applause of his officers and the guncrew throughout the action which resulted in the capture of the prize ram Tennessee and in the destruction of batteries at Fort Morgan.

CATLIN, ISAAC S.

  • Rank and organization: Colonel, 109th New York Infantry
  • Place and date: At Petersburg, Va., 30 July 1864
  • Entered service at: Oswego, N.Y.
  • Date of issue: 13 January 1899

Citation: In a heroic effort to rally the disorganized troops was disabled by a severe wound. While being carried from the field he recovered somewhat and bravely started to return to his command, when he received a second wound, which necessitated amputation of his right leg.

CAYER, OVILA

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company A, 14th U.S. Volunteers
  • Place and date: At Weldon Railroad, Va., 19 August 1864
  • Date of issue: 15 February 1867

Citation: Commanded the regiment, all the officers being disabled.

CHAMBERLAIN, JOSHUA L.

  • Rank and organization: Colonel, 20th Maine Infantry
  • Place and date: At Gettysburg, Pa., 2 July 1863
  • Entered service at: Brunswick, Maine
  • Date of issue: 11 August 1893

Citation: Daring heroism and great tenacity in holding his position on the Little Round Top against repeated assaults, and carrying the advance position on the Great Round Top.

CHAMBERLAIN, ORVILLE T.

  • Rank and organization: Second Lieutenant, Company G, 74th Indiana Infantry
  • Place and date: At Chickamauga, Ga., 20 September 1863
  • Entered service at: Elkhart, Ind.
  • Date of issue: 1 I March 1896

Citation: While exposed to a galling fire, went in search of another regiment, found its location, procured ammunition from the men thereof, and returned with the ammunition to his own company.

CHAMBERS, JOSEPH B.

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company F, 100th Pennsylvania Infantry
  • Place and date: At Petersburg, Va., 25 March 1865
  • Entered service at: East Brook, Pa.
  • Date of issue: 27 July 1871

Citation: Capture of colors of 1st Virginia Infantry (C.S.A.).

CHANDLER, HENRY F.

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company E, 59th Massachusetts Infantry
  • Place and date: At Petersburg, Va., 17 June 1864
  • Date of issue: 30 March 1898

Citation: Though seriously wounded in a bayonet charge and directed to go to the rear he declined to do so, but remained with his regiment and helped to carry the breastworks.

CHANDLER, JAMES B.

  • Rank and organization: Coxswain, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: Massachusetts
  • G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864

Citation: On board the U.S.S. Richmond during action against rebel forts and gunboats and with the ram Tennessee in Mobile Bay, 5 August 1864. Cool and courageous although he had just come off the sick list, Chandler rendered gallant service throughout the prolonged action as his ship maintained accurate fire against Fort Morgan and ships of the Confederacy despite extremely heavy return fire. He participated in the actions at Forts Jackson and St. Philip, with the Chalmette batteries, at the surrender of New Orleans and in the attacks on batteries below Vicksburg.

CHANDLER, STEPHEN E.

  • Rank and organization: Quartermaster Sergeant, Company A, 24th New York Cavalry
  • Place and date: At Amelia Springs, Va., 5 April 1865
  • Entered service at: Granby, Oswego County, N.Y.
  • Date of issue: 4 April 1898

Citation: Under severe fire of the enemy and of the troops in retreat, went between the lines to the assistance of a wounded and helpless comrade, and rescued him from death or capture.

CHAPIN, ALARIC B.

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company G, 142d New York Infantry
  • Place and date: At Fort Fisher, N.C., 15 January 1865
  • Entered service at: Pamelia, N.Y.
  • Date of issue: 28 December 1914

Citation: Voluntarily advanced with the head of the column and cut down the palisading.

CHAPMAN, JOHN

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company B, 1st Maine Heavy Artillery
  • Place and date: At Sailors Creek, Va., 6 April 1865
  • Entered service at: St. John, New Brunswick
  • Date of issue: 10 May 1865

Citation: Capture of flag.

CHAPUT, LOUIS G.

  • Rank and organization: Landsman, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: New York
  • G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864

Citation: On board the U.S.S. Lackawanna during successful attacks against Fort Morgan, rebel gunboats and the rebel ram Tennessee in Mobile Bay, 5 August 1864. Severely wounded, Chaput remained at his gun until relieved, reported to the surgeon and returned to his gun until the action was over. He was then carried below following the action which resulted in the capture of the prize ram Tennessee and in destruction of batteries at Fort Morgan.

CHASE, JOHN F.

  • Rank and organization: Private, 5th Battery, Maine Light Artillery
  • Place and date: At Chancellorsville, Va., 3 May 1863
  • Entered service at: Augusta, Maine
  • Date of issue: 7 February 1888

Citation: Nearly all the officers and men of the battery having been killed or wounded, this soldier with a comrade continued to fire his gun after the guns had ceased. The piece was then dragged off by the two, the horses having been shot, and its capture by the enemy was prevented.

CHILD, BENJAMIN H.

  • Rank and organization: Corporal, Battery A, 1st Rhode Island Light Artillery
  • Place and date: At Antietam, Md., 17 September 1862
  • Entered service at: Providence, R.I.
  • Date of issue: 20 July 1897

Citation: Was wounded and taken to the rear insensible, but when partially recovered insisted on returning to the battery and resumed command of his piece, so remaining until the close of the battle.

CHISMAN, WILLIAM W.

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company I, 83d Indiana Infantry
  • Place and date: At Vicksburg, Miss., 22 May 1863
  • Entered service at: Wilmington, Ind.
  • Date of issue: 15 August 1894

Citation: Gallantry in the charge of the "volunteer storming party."

CHRISTIANCY, JAMES I.

  • Rank and organization: First Lieutenant, Company D, 9th Michigan Cavalry
  • Place and date: At Hawes Shops, Va., 28 May 1864
  • Entered service at: Monroe County, Mich.
  • Date of issue: 10 October 1892

Citation: While acting as aide, voluntarily led a part of the line into the fight, and was twice wounded.

CHURCHILL, SAMUEL J.

  • Rank and organization: Corporal, Company G, 2d Illinois Light Artillery
  • Place and date: At Nashville, Tenn., 15 December 1864
  • Entered service at: DeKalb County, Ill.
  • Date of issue: 20 January 1897

Citation: When the fire of the enemy's batteries compelled the men of his detachment for a short time to seek shelter, he stood manfully at his post and for some minutes worked his gun alone.

CILLEY, CLINTON A.

  • Rank and organization: Captain, Company C, 2d Minnesota Infantry
  • Place and date: At Chickamauga, Ga., 20 September 1863
  • Entered service at: Sasioja, Minn.
  • Date of issue: 12 June 1895

Citation: Seized the colors of a retreating regiment and led it into the thick of the attack.

CLANCY, JAMES T.

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company C, 1st New Jersey Cavalry
  • Place and date: At Vaughn Road, Va., 1 October 1864
  • Date of issue: 3 July 1865

Citation: Shot the Confederate Gen. Dunovant dead during a charge, thus confusing the enemy and greatly aiding in his repulse.

CLAPP, ALBERT A.

  • Rank and organization: First Sergeant, Company G, 2d Ohio Cavalry
  • Place and date: At Sailors Creek, Va., 6 April 1865
  • Date of issue: 24 April 1865

Citation: Capture of battle flag of the 8th Florida Infantry (C.S.A.).

CLARK, CHARLES A.

  • Rank and organization: Lieutenant and Adjutant, 6th Maine Infantry
  • Place and date: At Brooks Ford, Va., 4 May 1863
  • Date of issue: 13 May 1896

Citation: Having voluntarily taken command of his regiment in the absence of its commander, at great personal risk and with remarkable presence of mind and fertility of resource led the command down an exceedingly precipitous embankment to the Rappahannock River and by his gallantry, coolness, and good judgment in the face of the enemy saved the command from capture or destruction.

CLARK, HARRISON

  • Rank and organization: Corporal, Company E, 125th New York Infantry
  • Place and date: At Gettysburg, Pa., 2 July 1863
  • Entered service at: Chatham, N.Y.
  • Date of issue: 11 June 1895

Citation: Seized the colors and advanced with them after the color bearer had been shot.

CLARK, JAMES G.

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company F, 88th Pennsylvania Infantry
  • Place and date: At Petersburg, Va., 18 June 1864
  • Date of issue: 30 April 1892

Citation: Distinguished bravery in action; was severely wounded.

CLARK, JOHN W.

  • Rank and organization: First Lieutenant and Regimental Quartermaster, 6th Vermont Infantry
  • Place and date: Near Warrenton, Va., 28 July 1863
  • Entered service at: Vermont
  • Date of issue: 17 August 1891

Citation: Defended the division train against a vastly superior force of the enemy; he was severely wounded, but remained in the saddle for 20 hours afterward until he had brought his train through in safety.

CLARK, WILLIAM A.

  • Rank and organization: Corporal, Company H, 2d Minnesota Infantry
  • Place and date: At Nolensville, Tenn., 15 February 1863
  • Entered service at: Shelbyville, Minn.
  • Date of issue: 11 September 1897

Citation: Was one of a detachment of 16 men who heroically defended a wagon train against the attack of 125 cavalry, repulsed the attack and saved the train.

CLARKE, DAYTON P.

  • Rank and organization: Captain, Company F, 2d Vermont Infantry
  • Place and date: At Spotsylvania, Va., 12 May 1864
  • Entered service at: Hermon, N.Y.
  • Date of issue: 30 June 1892

Citation: Distinguished conduct in a desperate hand-to-hand fight while commanding the regiment.

CLAUSEN, CHARLES H.

  • Rank and organization: First lieutenant, Company H, 61st Pennsylvania Infantry
  • Place and date: At Spotsylvania, Va., 12 May 1864
  • Entered service at: Philadelphia, Pa.
  • Date of issue: 25 June 1892

Citation: Although severely wounded, he led the regiment against the enemy, under a terrific fire, and saved a battery from capture.

CLAY, CECIL

  • Rank and organization: Captain, Company K, 58th Pennsylvania Infantry
  • Place and date: At Fort Harrison, Va., 29 September 1864
  • Date of issue: 19 April 1892

Citation: Led his regiment in the charge, carrying the colors of another regiment, and when severely wounded in the right arm, incurring loss of same, he shifted the colors to the left hand, which also became disabled by a gunshot wound.

CLEVELAND, CHARLES F.

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company C, 26th New York Infantry
  • Place and date: At Antietam, Md., 17 September 1862
  • Date of issue: 12 June 1895

Citation: Voluntarily took and carried the colors into action after the color bearer had been shot.

CLIFFORD, ROBERT T.

  • Rank and organization: Master-at-Arms, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: Pennsylvania
  • G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864

Citation: Served on board the U.S.S. Shokokon at New Topsail Inlet off Wilmington, N.C., 22 August 1863. Participating in a strategic plan to destroy an enemy schooner, Clifford aided in the portage of a dinghy across the narrow neck of land separating the sea from the sound. Launching the boat in the sound, the crew approached the enemy from the rear and Clifford gallantly crept into the rebel camp and counted the men who outnumbered his party 3 to 1. Returning to his men, he ordered a charge in which the enemy was routed, leaving behind a schooner and a quantity of supplies.

CLOPP, JOHN E.

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company F, 71st Pennsylvania Infantry
  • Place and date: At Gettysburg, Pa., 3 July 1863
  • Entered service at: Philadelphia, Pa.
  • Date of issue: 2 February 1865

Citation: Capture of flag of 9th Virginia Infantry (C.S.A.), wresting it from the color bearer.

CLUTE, GEORGE W.

  • Rank and organization: Corporal, Company I, 14th Michigan Infantry
  • Place and date: At Bentonville, N.C., 19 March 1865
  • Date of issue: 26 August 1898

Citation: In a charge, captured the flag of the 40th North Carolina (C.S.A.), the flag being taken in a personal encounter with an officer who carried and defended it.

COATES, JEFFERSON

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company H, 7th Wisconsin Infantry
  • Place and date: At Gettysburg, Pa., 1 July 1863
  • Entered service at: Boscobel, Wis.
  • Date of issue: 29 June 1866

Citation: Unsurpassed courage in battle, where he had both eyes shot out.

COCKLEY, DAVID L.

  • Rank and organization: First Lieutenant, Company L, 10th Ohio Cavalry
  • Place and date: At Waynesboro, Ga., 4 December 1864
  • Date of issue: 2 August 1897

Citation: While acting as aide-de-camp to a general officer, he 3 times asked permission to join his regiment in a proposed charge upon the enemy, and in response to the last request, having obtained such permission, joined his regiment and fought bravely at its head throughout the action.

COEY, JAMES

  • Rank and organization: Major, 147th New York Infantry
  • Place and date: At Hatchers Run, Va., 6 February 1865
  • Date of issue: 12 May 1892

Citation: Seized the regimental colors at a critical moment and by a prompt advance on the enemy caused the entire brigade to follow him; and, after being himself severely wounded, he caused himself to be lifted into the saddle and a second time rallied the line in an attempt to check the enemy.

COFFEY, ROBERT J.

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company K, 4th Vermont Infantry
  • Place and date: At Banks Ford, Va., 4 May 1863
  • Entered service at: Montpelier, Vt.
  • Date of issue: 13 May 1892

Citation: Single-handedly captured 2 officers and 5 privates of the 8th Louisiana Regiment (C.S.A.).

COHN, ABRAHAM

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant Major, 6th New Hampshire Infantry
  • Place and date: At Wilderness, Va., 6 May 1864; At the mine, Petersburg, Va., 30 July 1864
  • Entered service at: Campton, N.H.
  • Date of issue: 24 August 1865

Citation: During Battle of the Wilderness rallied and formed, under heavy fire, disorganized and fleeing troops of different regiments. At Petersburg, Va., 30 July 1864, bravely and coolly carried orders to the advanced line under severe fire.

COLBERT, PATRICK

  • Rank and organization: Coxswain, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: New York
  • G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864

Citation: Served on board the U.S.S. Commodore Hull at the capture of Plymouth, 31 October 1864. Painfully wounded by a shell which killed the man at his side, Colbert, as captain of the forward pivot gun, remained at his post until the end of the action, braving the heavy enemy fire and appearing as cool as if at mere target practice.

COLBY, CARLOS W.

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company G, 97th Illinois Infantry
  • Place and date: At Vicksburg, Miss., 22 May 1863
  • Entered service at: Madison County, Ill.
  • Date of issue: 31 January 1896

Citation: Gallantry in the charge of the "volunteer storming party."

COLE, GABRIEL

  • Rank and organization: Corporal, Company I, 5th Michigan Cavalry
  • Place and date: At Winchester, Va., 19 September 1864
  • Entered service at: New Salem, Mich.
  • Date of issue: 27 September 1864

Citation: Capture of flag, during which he was wounded in the leg.

COLLINS, HARRISON

  • Rank and organization: Corporal, Company A, 1st Tennessee Cavalry
  • Place and date: At Richland Creek, Tenn., 24 December 1864
  • Entered service at: Cumberland Gap, Tenn.
  • Date of issue: 24 February 1865

Citation: Capture of flag of Chalmer's Division (C.S.A.).

COLLINS, THOMAS D.

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company H, 143d New York Infantry
  • Place and date: At Resaca, Ga., 15 May 1864
  • Entered service at: Liberty, Sullivan County, N.Y.
  • Date of issue: 14 August 1896

Citation: Captured a regimental flag of the enemy.

COLLIS, CHARLES H. T.

  • Rank and organization: Colonel, 114th Pennsylvania Infantry
  • Place and date: At Fredericksburg, Va., 13 December 1862
  • Entered service at: Philadelphia, Pa.
  • Date of issue: 10 March 1893

Citation: Gallantly led his regiment in battle at a critical moment.

COLWELL, OLIVER

  • Rank and organization: First Lieutenant, Company G, 95th Ohio Infantry
  • Place and date: At Nashville, Tenn., 16 December 1864
  • Date of issue: 24 February 1865

Citation: Capture of flag.

COMPSON, HARTWELL B.

  • Rank and organization: Major, 8th New York Cavalry
  • Place and date: At Waynesboro, Va., 2 March 1865
  • Entered service at: Seneca Falls, N.Y.
  • Date of issue: 26 March 1865

Citation: Capture of flag belonging to Gen. Early's headquarters.

CONAWAY, JOHN W.

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company C, 83d Indiana Infantry
  • Place and date: At Vicksburg, Miss., 22 May 1863
  • Entered service at: Hartford, Ind.
  • Date of issue: 11 August 1894

Citation: Gallantry in the charge of the "volunteer storming party."

CONBOY, MARTIN

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company B, 37th New York Infantry
  • Place and date: At Williamsburg, Va., 5 May 1862
  • Entered service at: New York, N.Y.
  • Date of issue: 11 October 1892

Citation: Took command of the company in action, the captain having been wounded, the other commissioned officers being absent, and handled it with skill and bravery.

CONGDON, JAMES

Service rendered under name of James Madison.

CONLAN, DENNIS

  • Rank and organization: Seaman, U S. Navy
  • Accredited to: New York. G.O. No.. 45, 31 December 1864

Citation: Conlan served on board the U.S.S. Agawam, as one of a volunteer crew of a powder boat which was exploded near Fort Fisher, 23 December 1864. The powder boat, towed in by the Wilderness to prevent detection by the enemy, cast off and slowly steamed to within 300 yards of the beach. After fuses and fires had been lit and a second anchor with short scope let go to assure the boat's tailing inshore, the crew again boarded the Wilderness and proceeded a distance of 12 miles from shore. Less than 2 hours later the explosion took place, and the following day fires were observed still burning at the forts.

CONNELL, TRUSTRIM

  • Rank and organization: Corporal, Company I, 138th Pennsylvania Infantry
  • Place and date: At Sailors Creek, Va., 6 April 1865. Entered service at: Fort Kennedy, Pa.
  • Date of issue: 10 May 1865

Citation: Capture of flag.

CONNER, RICHARD

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company F, 6th New Jersey Infantry
  • Place and date: At Bull Run, Va., 30 August 1862
  • Date of issue: 17 September 1897

Citation: The flag of his regiment having been abandoned during retreat, he voluntarily returned with a single companion under a heavy fire and secured and brought off the flag, his companion being killed.

CONNOR, THOMAS

  • Rank and organization: Ordinary Seaman, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: Maryland
  • G.O. No.: 59, 22 June 1865

Citation: On board the U.S.S. Minnesota, in action during the assault on Fort Fisher, 15 January 1865. Landing on the beach with the assaulting party from his ship, Connor charged up to the palisades and, when more than two-thirds of the men became seized with panic and retreated on the run, risked his life to remain with a wounded officer. With the enemy concentrating his fire on the group, he waited until after dark before assisting in carrying the wounded man from the field.

CONNOR, WILLIAM C.

  • Rank and organization: Boatswain's Mate, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: Pennsylvania
  • G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864

Citation: Served on board the U.S.S. Howquah on the occasion of the destruction of the blockade runner Lynx, off Wilmington, 25 September 1864. Performing his duty faithfully under the most trying circumstances, Connor stood firmly at his post in the midst of a crossfire from the rebel shore batteries and our own vessels.

CONNORS, JAMES

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company E, 43d New York Infantry
  • Place and date: At Fishers Hill, Va., 22 September 1864
  • Date of issue: 6 October 1864

Citation: Capture of flag.

COOK, JOHN

  • Rank and organization: Bugler, Battery B, 4th U.S. Artillery
  • Place and date: At Antietam Md., 17 September 1862
  • Entered service at: Cincinnati, Ohio
  • Date of issue: 30 June 1894

Citation: Volunteered at the age of 15 years to act as a cannoneer, and as such volunteer served a gun under a terrific fire of the enemy.

COOK, JOHN H.

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company A, 119th Illinois Infantry
  • Place and date: At Pleasant Hill, La., 9 April 1864
  • Entered service at: Quincy, Ill.
  • Date of issue: 19 September 1890

Citation: During an attack by the enemy, voluntarily left the brigade quartermaster, with whom he had been detailed as a clerk, rejoined his command, and, acting as first lieutenant, led the line farther toward the charging enemy.

COOKE, WALTER H.

  • Rank and organization: Captain, Company K, 4th Pennsylvania Infantry Militia
  • Place and date: At Bull Run, Va., 21 July 1861
  • Date of issue: 19 May 1887

Citation: Voluntarily served as an aide on the staff of Col. David Hunter and participated in the battle, his term of service having expired on the previous day.

COOPER, JOHN

  • Rank and organization: Coxswain, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: New York
  • G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864. Second award

Citation: On board the U.S.S. Brooklyn during action against rebel forts and gunboats and with the ram Tennessee, in Mobile Bay, 5 August 1864. Despite severe damage to his ship and the loss of several men on board as enemy fire raked her decks from stem to stern, Cooper fought his gun with skill and courage throughout the furious battle which resulted in the surrender of the prize rebel ram Tennessee and in the damaging and destruction of batteries at Fort Morgan. SECOND AWARD Citation: Served as quartermaster on Acting Rear Admiral Thatcher's staff. During the terrific fire at Mobile, on 26 April 1865, at the risk of being blown to pieces by exploding shells, Cooper advanced through the burning locality, rescued a wounded man from certain death, and bore him on his back to a place of safety. G.O. No.: 62, 29 June 1865.

COPP, CHARLES D.

  • Rank and organization: Second Lieutenant, Company C, 9th New Hampshire Infantry
  • Place and date: At Fredericksburg, Va., 13 December 1862
  • Entered service at: Nashua, N.H.
  • Date of issue: 28 June 1890

Citation: Seized the regimental colors, the color bearer having been shot down, and, waving them, rallied the regiment under a heavy fire.

CORCORAN, JOHN

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company G, 1st Rhode Island Light Artillery
  • Place and date: At Petersburg, Va., 2 April 1865
  • Entered service at: Pawtucket, R.I.
  • Date of issue: 2 November 1887

Citation: Was one of a detachment of 20 picked artillerymen who voluntarily accompanied an infantry assaulting party, and who turned upon the enemy the guns captured in the assault.

CORCORAN, THOMAS E.

  • Rank and organization: Landsman, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: New York
  • G.O. No.: 17, 10 July 1863

Citation: Served on board the U.S.S. Cincinnati during the attack on the Vicksburg batteries and at the time of her sinking. Engaging the enemy in a fierce battle, the Cincinnati, amidst an incessant fire of shot and shell, continued to fire her guns to the last, though so penetrated by shellfire that her fate was sealed. Serving bravely during this action, Corcoran was conspicuously cool under the fire of the enemy, never ceasing to fight until this proud ship went down, "her colors nailed to the mast."

CORLISS, GEORGE W.

  • Rank and organization: Captain, Company C, 5th Connecticut Infantry
  • Place and date: At Cedar Mountain, Va., 9 August 1862
  • Entered service at: New Haven, Conn.
  • Date of issue: 10 September 1897

Citation: Seized a fallen flag of the regiment, the color bearer having been killed, carried it forward in the face of a severe fire, and though himself shot down and permanently disabled, planted the staff in the earth and kept the flag flying.

CORLISS, STEPHEN P.

  • Rank and organization: First Lieutenant, Company F, 4th New York Heavy Artillery
  • Place and date: At South Side Railroad, Va., 2 April 1865
  • Date of issue: 17 January 1895

Citation: Raised the fallen colors and, rushing forward in advance of the troops, placed them on the enemy's works.

CORSON, JOSEPH K.

  • Rank and organization: Assistant Surgeon, 6th Pennsylvania Reserves (35th Pennsylvania Volunteers)
  • Place and date: Near Bristoe Station, Va., 14 October 1863
  • Entered service at: Philadelphia, Pa.
  • Date of issue: 13 May 1899

Citation: With one companion returned in the face of the enemy's heavy artillery fire and removed to a place of safety a severely wounded soldier who had been left behind as the regiment fell back.

COSGRIFF, RICHARD H.

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company L, 4th Iowa Cavalry
  • Place and date: At Columbus, Ga., 16 April 1865
  • Entered service at: Wapello, Louisa County, Iowa
  • Date of issue: 17 June 1865

Citation: Capture of flag in a personal encounter with its bearer.

COSGROVE, THOMAS

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company F, 40th Massachusetts Infantry
  • Place and date: At Drurys Bluff, Va., 15 May 1864
  • Entered service at: East Stoughton, Mass.
  • Date of issue: 7 November 1896

Citation: Individually demanded and received the surrender of 7 armed Confederates concealed in a cellar, disarming and marching them in as prisoners of war.

COTTON, PETER

  • Rank and organization: Ordinary Seaman, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: New York
  • G.O. No.: 11, 3 April 1863

Citation: Cotton served on board the U.S.S. Baron De Kalb in the Yazoo River expedition, 23 to 27 December 1862. Proceeding under orders up the Yazoo River, the Baron De Kalb, with the object of capturing or destroying the enemy's transports, came upon the steamers John Walsh, R. J. Locklan, Golden Age and the Scotland, sunk on a bar where they were ordered to be burned. Continuing up the river, the Baron De Kalb was fired upon but, upon returning the fire, caused the enemy's retreat. Returning down the Yazoo, she destroyed and captured large quantities of enemy equipment and several prisoners. Serving bravely throughout this action, Cotton, as coxswain "distinguished himself in the various actions."

COUGHLIN, JOHN

  • Rank and organization: Lieutenant Colonel, 10th New Hampshire Infantry
  • Place and date: At Swifts Creek, Va., 9 May 1864
  • Entered service at: Manchester, N.H.
  • Date of issue: 31 August 1893

Citation: During a sudden night attack upon Burnham's Brigade, resulting in much confusion, this officer, without waiting for orders, led his regiment forward and interposed a line of battle between the advancing enemy and Hunt's Battery, repulsing the attack and saving the guns.

COX, ROBERT M.

  • Rank and organization: Corporal, Company K, 55th Illinois Infantry
  • Place and date: At Vicksburg, Miss., 22 May 1863
  • Entered service at: Prairie City, Ill.
  • Date of issue: 31 December 1892

Citation: Bravely defended the colors planted on the outward parapet of Fort Hill.

COYNE, JOHN N.

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company B, 70th New York Infantry
  • Place and date: At Williamsburg, Va., 5 May 1862
  • Entered service at: New York, N.Y.
  • Date of issue: 18 April 1888

Citation: Capture of a flag after a severe hand-to-hand contest; was mentioned in orders for his gallantry.

CRANSTON, WILLIAM W.

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company A, 66th Ohio Infantry
  • Place and date: At Chancellorsville, Va., 2 May 1863
  • Date of issue: 15 December 1892

Citation: One of a party of 4 who voluntarily brought in a wounded Confederate officer from within the enemy's line in the face of a constant fire.

CRAWFORD, ALEXANDER

  • Rank and organization: Fireman, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: Pennsylvania
  • G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864

Citation: On board the U.S.S. Wyalusing, Crawford volunteered 25 May 1864, in a night attempt to destroy the rebel ram Albemarle in the Roanoke River. Taking part in a plan to explode the rebel ram Albemarle, Crawford executed his part in the plan with perfection, but upon being discovered, was forced to abandon the plan and retire leaving no trace of the evidence. After spending two hazardous days and nights without food, he gained the safety of a friendly ship and was then transferred back to the Wyalusing. Though the plan failed his skill and courage in preventing detection were an example of unfailing devotion to duty.

CREED, JOHN

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company D, 23d Illinois Infantry
  • Place and date: At Fishers Hill, Va., 22 September 1864
  • Entered service at: Chicago, Ill.
  • Date of issue: 6 October 1864

Citation: Capture of flag.

CRIPPS, THOMAS

  • Rank and organization: Quartermaster, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: Pennsylvania
  • G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864

Citation: As captain of a gun on board the U.S.S. Richmond during action against rebel forts and gunboats and with the ram Tennessee in Mobile Bay, 5 August 1864. Despite damage to his ship and the loss of several men on board as enemy fire raked her decks, Cripps fought his gun with skill and courage throughout a furious 2-hour battle which resulted in the surrender of the rebel ram Tennessee and in the damaging and destruction of batteries at Fort Morgan.

CROCKER, HENRY H.

  • Rank and organization: Captain, Company F, 2d Massachusetts Cavalry
  • Place and date: At Cedar Creek, Va., 19 October 1864
  • Entered service at: California
  • Date of issue: 10 January 1896

Citation: Voluntarily led a charge, which resulted in the capture of 14 prisoners and in which he himself was wounded.

CROCKER, ULRIC L.

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company M, 6th Michigan Cavalry
  • Place and date: At Cedar Creek, Va., 19 October 1864
  • Date of issue: 26 October 1864

Citation: Capture of flag of 18th Georgia (C.S.A.).

CROFT, JAMES E.

  • Rank and organization: Private, 12th Battery, Wisconsin Light Artillery
  • Place and date: At Allatoona, Ga., 5 October 1864
  • Entered service at: Janesville, Wis.
  • Date of issue: 20 March 1897

Citation: Took the place of a gunner who had been shot down and inspired his comrades by his bravery and effective gunnery, which contributed largely to the defeat of the enemy.

CRONIN, CORNELIUS

  • Rank and organization: Chief Quartermaster, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: Michigan
  • G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864

Citation: On board the U.S.S. Richmond in action at Mobile Bay on 5 August 1864. Cool and vigilant at his station throughout the prolonged action, Cronin watched for signals and skillfully steered the ship as she trained her guns on Fort Morgan and on ships of the Confederacy despite extremely heavy return fire. He participated in the actions at Forts Jackson and St. Philip, with the Chalmette batteries, at the surrender of New Orleans, and in the attacks on batteries below Vicksburg.

CROSIER, WILLIAM H. H.

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company G, 149th New York Infantry
  • Place and date: At Peach Tree Creek, Ga., 20 July 1864
  • Entered service at: Skaneateles, N.Y.
  • Date of issue: 12 January 1892

Citation: Severely wounded and ambushed by the enemy, he stripped the colors from the staff and brought them back into the line.

CROSS, JAMES E.

  • Rank and organization: Corporal, Company K, 12th New York Infantry
  • Place and date: At Blackburns Ford, Va., 18 July 1861
  • Date of issue: 5 April 1898

Citation: With a companion, refused to retreat when the part of the regiment to which he was attached was driven back in disorder, but remained upon the skirmish line for some time thereafter, firing upon the enemy.

CROWLEY, MICHAEL

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company A, 22d New York Cavalry
  • Place and date: At Waynesboro, Va., 2 March 1865
  • Entered service at: Rochester, N.Y.
  • Date of issue: 26 March 1865

Citation: Capture of flag.

CULLEN, THOMAS

  • Rank and organization: Corporal, Company I, 82d New York Infantry
  • Place and date: At Bristoe Station, Va., 14 October 1863
  • Date of issue: 1 December 1864

Citation: Capture of flag of 22d or 28th North Carolina (C.S.A.).

CUMMINGS, AMOS J.

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant Major, 26th New Jersey Infantry
  • Place and date: At Salem Heights, Va., 4 May 1863
  • Entered service at: Irvington, N.J.
  • Date of issue: 28 March 1894

Citation: Rendered great assistance in the heat of the action in rescuing a part of the field batteries from an extremely dangerous and exposed position.

CUMPSTON, JAMES M.

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company D, 91st Ohio Infantry
  • Place and date: At Shenandoah Valley Campaign, August to November 1864
  • Date of issue: Unknown

Citation: Capture of flag.

CUNNINGHAM, FRANCIS M.

  • Rank and organization: First Sergeant, Company H, 1st West Virginia Cavalry
  • Place and date: At Sailors Creek, Va., 6 April 1865
  • Entered service at: Springfield, Pa.
  • Date of issue: 3 May 1865

Citation: Capture of battle flag of 12th Virginia Infantry (C.S.A.) in hand-to-hand battle while wounded.

CUNNINGHAM, JAMES S.

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company D, 8th Missouri Infantry
  • Place and date: At Vicksburg, Miss., 22 May 1863
  • Entered service at: Bloomington, McLean County, Ill.
  • Date of issue: 30 July 1894

Citation: Gallantry in the charge of the "volunteer storming party."

CURRAN, RICHARD

  • Rank and organization: Assistant Surgeon, 33d New York Infantry
  • Place and date: At Antietam, Md., 17 September 1862
  • Entered service at: Seneca Falls, N.Y.
  • Date of issue: 30 March 1898

Citation: Voluntarily exposed himself to great danger by going to the fighting line there succoring the wounded and helpless and conducting them to the field hospital.

CURTIS, JOHN C.

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant Major, 9th Connecticut Infantry
  • Place and date: At Baton Rouge, La., 5 August 1862
  • Entered service at: Bridgeport, Conn.
  • Date of issue: 16 December 1896

Citation: Voluntarily sought the line of battle and alone and unaided captured 2 prisoners, driving them before him to regimental headquarters at the point of the bayonet.

CURTIS, JOSIAH M.

  • Rank and organization: Second Lieutenant, Company I, 12th West Virginia Infantry
  • Place and date: At Petersburg, Va., 2 April 1865
  • Entered service at: Ohio County, W. Va.
  • Date of issue: 12 May 1865

Citation: Seized the colors of his regiment after 2 color bearers had fallen, bore them gallantly, and was among the first to gain a foothold, with his flag, inside the enemy's works.

CURTIS, NEWTON MARTIN

  • Rank and organization: Brigadier General, U.S. Volunteers
  • Place and date: At Fort Fisher, N.C., 15 January 1865
  • Entered service at: De Peyster, N.Y.
  • Date of issue: 28 November 1891

Citation: The first man to pass through the stockade, he personally led each assault on the traverses and was 4 times wounded.

CUSTER, THOMAS W.

  • Rank and organization: Second Lieutenant, Company B, 6th Michigan Cavalry
  • Place and date: At Namozine Church, Va., 10 May 1863
  • Entered service at: Monroe, Mich.
  • Date of issue: 3 May 1865. Second award

Citation: Capture of flag on 10 May 1863.

SECOND AWARD

  • Place and date: At Sailor Creek , Va, April 1865
  • Date of issue: 26 May 1865

Citation: 2d Lt. Custer leaped his horse over the enemy's works and captured 2 stands of colors. having his horse shot from under him and receiving a severe wound.

CUTCHEON, BYRON M.

  • Rank and organization: Major, 20th Michigan Infantry
  • Place and date: At Horseshoe Bend, Ky., 10 May 1863
  • Entered service at: Ypsilanti, Mich.
  • Date of issue: 29 June 1891

Citation: Distinguished gallantry in leading his regiment in a charge on a house occupied by the enemy.

CUTTS, JAMES M.

  • Rank and organization: Captain, 11th U.S. Infantry
  • Place and date: At Wilderness; Spotsylvania; Petersburg, Va., 1864
  • Entered service at: Illinois
  • Date of issue: 2 May 1891

Citation: Gallantry in actions.

DARROUGH, JOHN S.

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company F, 113th Illinois Infantry
  • Place and date: At Eastport, Miss., 10 October 1864
  • Entered service at: Concord, Morgan County, Ill.
  • Date of issue: 5 February 1895

Citation: Saved the life of a captain.

DAVIDSIZER, JOHN A.

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company A, 1st Pennsylvania Cavalry
  • Place and date: At Paines Crossroads, Va., 5 April 1865
  • Entered service at: Lewiston, Pa.
  • Date of issue: 3 May 1865

Citation: Capture of flag.

DAVIDSON, ANDREW

  • Rank and organization: Assistant Surgeon, 47th Ohio Infantry
  • Place and date: At Vicksburg, Miss., 3 May 1863
  • Entered service at: Cincinnati, Ohio
  • Date of issue: 17 October 1892

Citation: Voluntarily attempted to run the enemy's batteries.

DAVIDSON, ANDREW

  • Rank and organization: First Lieutenant, Company H, 30th U.S. Colored Troops
  • Place and date: At the mine, Petersburg, Va., 30 July 1864
  • Entered service at: Otsego County, N.Y.
  • Date of issue: 17 October 1892

Citation: One of the first to enter the enemy's works, where, after his colonel, major, and one-third the company officers had fallen, he gallantly assisted in rallying and saving the remnant of the command.

DAVIS, CHARLES C.

  • Rank and organization: Major, 7th Pennsylvania Cavalry
  • Place and date: At Shelbyville, Tenn., 27 June 1863
  • Entered service at: Harrisburg, Pa.
  • Date of issue: 14 June 1894

Citation: Led one of the most desperate and successful charges of the war.

DAVIS, FREEMAN

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company B, 80th Ohio Infantry
  • Place and date: At Missionary Ridge, Tenn., 25 November 1863
  • Date of issue: 30 March 1898

Citation: This soldier, while his regiment was falling back, seeing the 2 color bearers shot down, under a severe fire and at imminent peril recovered both the flags and saved them from capture.

DAVIS, GEORGE E.

  • Rank and organization: First Lieutenant, Company D, 10th Vermont Infantry
  • Place and date: At Monocacy, Md., 9 July 1864
  • Entered service at: Burlington, Vt.
  • Date of issue: 27 May 1892

Citation: While in command of a small force, held the approaches to the 2 bridges against repeated assaults of superior numbers, thereby materially delaying Early's advance on Washington.

DAVIS, HARRY

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company G, 46th Ohio Infantry
  • Place and date: At Atlanta, Ga., 28 July 1864
  • Date of issue: 2 December 1864

Citation: Capture of flag of 30th Louisiana Infantry (C.S.A.).

DAVIS, JOHN

  • Rank and organization: Quarter Gunner, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: New Jersey
  • G.O. No.: 11, 3 April 1863

Citation: Served on board the U.S.S. Valley City during action against rebel fort batteries and ships off Elizabeth City, N.C., on 10 February 1862. When a shell from the shore penetrated the side and passed through the magazine, exploding outside the screen on the berth deck, several powder division protecting bulkheads were torn to pieces and the forward part of the berth deck set on fire. Showing great presence of mind, Davis courageously covered a barrel of powder with his own body and prevented an explosion, while at the same time passing powder to provide the division on the upper deck while under fierce enemy fire.

DAVIS, JOHN

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company F, 17th Indiana Mounted Infantry
  • Place and date: At Culloden, Ga., April 1865
  • Entered service at: Indianapolis, Ind.
  • Date of issue: 17 June 1865

Citation: Capture of flag of Worrill Grays (C.S.A.).

DAVIS, JOSEPH

  • Rank and organization: Corporal, Company C, 104th Ohio Infantry
  • Place and date: At Franklin, Tenn., 30 November 1864
  • Date of issue: 4 February 1865

Citation: Capture of flag.

DAVIS, MARTIN K.

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company H, 116th Illinois Infantry
  • Place and date: At Vicksburg, Miss., 22 May 1863
  • Entered service at: Stonington, Christian County, Ill.
  • Date of issue: 26 July 1894

Citation: Gallantry in the charge of the "volunteer storming party."

DAVIS, SAMUEL W.

  • Rank and organization: Ordinary Seaman, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: Maine
  • G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864

Citation: On board the U.S.S. Brooklyn during successful attacks against Fort Morgan, rebel gunboats and the ram Tennessee in Mobile Bay, on 5 August 1864. Despite severe damage to his ship and the loss of several men on board as enemy fire raked her decks from stem to stern, Davis exercised extreme courage and vigilance while acting as a look-out for torpedoes and other obstructions throughout the furious battle which resulted in the surrender of the prize rebel ram Tennessee and in the damaging and destruction of batteries at Fort Morgan.

DAVIS, THOMAS

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company C, 2d New York Heavy Artillery
  • Place and date: At Sailors Creek, Va., 6 April 1865
  • Entered service at: New York
  • Date of issue: 3 May 1865

Citation: Capture of flag.

DAY, CHARLES

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company K, 210th Pennsylvania Infantry
  • Place and date: At Hatchers Run, Va., 6 February 1865
  • Entered service at: Lycoming County, Pa.
  • Date of issue: 20 July 1897

Citation: Seized the colors of another regiment of the brigade, the regiment having been thrown into confusion and the color bearer killed, and bore said colors throughout the remainder of the engagement.

DAY, DAVID F.

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company D, 57th Ohio Infantry
  • Place and date: At Vicksburg, Miss., 22 May 1863
  • Date of issue: 2 January 1895

Citation: Gallantry in the charge of the "volunteer storming party."

DEAKIN, CHARLES

  • Rank and organization: Boatswain's Mate, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: Pennsylvania
  • G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864

Citation: As captain of a gun on board the U.S.S. Richmond during action against rebel forts and gunboats and with the ram Tennessee in Mobile Bay, 5 August 1864. Despite damage to his ship and the loss of several men on board as enemy fire raked her decks, Deakin fought his gun with skill and courage throughout a furious 2-hour battle which resulted in the surrender of the rebel ram Tennessee and in the damaging and destruction of batteries at Fort Morgan. He also participated in the actions at Forts Jackson and St. Philip.

DEANE, JOHN M.

  • Rank and organization: Major, 29th Massachusetts Infantry
  • Place and date: At Fort Stedman, Va., 25 March 1865
  • Date of issue: 8 March 1895

Citation: This officer, observing an abandoned gun within Fort Haskell, called for volunteers, and under a heavy fire, worked the gun until the enemy's advancing line was routed.

DE CASTRO, JOSEPH H.

  • Rank and organization: Corporal, Company I, 19th Massachusetts Infantry
  • Place and date: At Gettysburg, Pa., 3 July 1863
  • Date of issue: 1 December 1864

Citation: Capture of flag of 19th Virginia regiment (C.S.A.).

DE LACEY, PATRICK

  • Rank and organization: First Sergeant, Company A, 143d Pennsylvania Infantry
  • Place and date: At Wilderness, Va., 6 May 1864
  • Entered service at: Scranton, Pa.
  • Date of issue: 24 April 1894

Citation: Running ahead of the line, under a concentrated fire, he shot the color bearer of a Confederate regiment on the works, thus contributing to the success of the attack.

DELAND, FREDERICK N.

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company B, 40th Massachusetts Infantry
  • Place and date: At Port Hudson, La., 27 May 1863
  • Date of issue: 22 June 1896

Citation: Volunteered in response to a call and, under a heavy fire from the enemy, advanced and assisted in filling with fascines a ditch which presented a serious obstacle to the troops attempting to take the works of the enemy by assault.

DELANEY, JOHN C.

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company I, 107th Pennsylvania Infantry
  • Place and date: At Dabney's Mills, Va., 6 February 1865
  • Entered service at: Honesdale, Pa.
  • Date of issue: 29 August 1894

Citation: Sprang between the lines and brought out a wounded comrade about to be burned in the brush.

DE LAVIE, HIRAM H.

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company I, 11th Pennsylvania Infantry
  • Place and date: At Five Forks, Va., 1 April 1865
  • Entered service at: Allegheny County, Pa.
  • Date of issue: 10 May 1865

Citation: Capture of flag.

DEMPSTER, JOHN

  • Rank and organization: Coxswain, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: Pennsylvania
  • G.O. No.: 59, 22 June 1865

Citation: Dempster served on board the U.S.S. New Ironsides during action in several attacks on Fort Fisher, 24 and 25 December 1864; and 13, 14, and 15 January 1865. The ship steamed in and took the lead in the ironclad division close inshore and immediately opened its starboard battery in a barrage of well-directed fire to cause several fires and explosions and dismount several guns during the first 2 days of fighting. Taken under fire as she steamed into position on 13 January, the New Ironsides fought all day and took on ammunition at night despite severe weather conditions. When the enemy came out of his bombproofs to defend the fort against the storming party, the ship's battery disabled nearly every gun on the fort facing the shore before the cease-fire orders were given by the flagship.

DENIG, J. HENRY

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps
  • Accredited to: Pennsylvania
  • G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864

Citation: On board the U.S.S. Brooklyn during action against rebel forts and gunboats and with the ram Tennessee, in Mobile Bay, 5 August 1864. Despite severe damage to his ship and the loss of several men on board as enemy fire raked her decks, Sgt. Denig fought his gun with skill and courage throughout the furious 2-hour battle which resulted in the surrender of the rebel ram Tennessee and in the damaging and destruction of batteries at Fort Morgan.

DENNING, LORENZO

  • Rank and organization: Landsman, U.S. Navy
  • Entered service at: New York, N.Y.
  • G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864

Citation: Denning served on board the U.S. Picket Boat No. 1 in action, 27 October 1864, against the Confederate ram Albemarle which had resisted repeated attacks by our steamers and had kept a large force of vessels employed in watching her. The picket boat, equipped with a spar torpedo, succeeded in passing the enemy pickets within 20 yards without being discovered and then made for the Albemarle under a full head of steam. Immediately taken under fire by the ram, the small boat plunged on, jumped the log boom which encircled the target and exploded its torpedo under the port bow of the ram. The picket boat was destroyed by enemy fire and almost the entire crew taken prisoner or lost.

DENNIS, RICHARD

  • Rank and organization: Boatswain's Mate, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: Massachusetts
  • G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864

Citation: On board the U.S.S. Brooklyn during successful attacks against Fort Morgan, rebel gunboats and the ram Tennessee in Mobile Bay, on 5 August 1864. Despite severe damage to his ship and the loss of several men on board as enemy fire raked her decks from stem to stern, Dennis displayed outstanding skill and courage in operating the torpedo catcher and in assisting in working the bow chasers throughout the furious battle which resulted in the surrender of the prize rebel ram Tennessee and in the damaging and destruction of batteries at Fort Morgan.

DENSMORE, WILLIAM

  • Rank and organization: Chief Boatswain's Mate, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: New York
  • G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864

Citation: As captain of a gun on board the U.S.S. Richmond during action against rebel forts and gunboats and with the ram Tennessee in Mobile Bay, 5 August 1864. Despite damage to his ship and the loss of several men on board as enemy fire raked her decks, Densmore fought his gun with skill and courage throughout a furious 2-hour battle which resulted in the surrender of the rebel ram Tennessee and in the damaging and destruction of batteries at Fort Morgan.

DE PUY, CHARLES H.

  • Rank and organization: First Sergeant, Company H, 1st Michigan Sharpshooters
  • Place and date: At Petersburg, Va., 30 July 1864
  • Entered service at: St. Louis, Mo.
  • Date of issue: 30 July 1896

Citation: Being an old artillerist, aided General Bartlett in working the guns of the dismantled fort.

DE WITT, RICHARD W.

  • Rank and organization: Corporal, Company D, 47th Ohio Infantry
  • Place and date: At Vicksburg, Miss., 22 May 1863
  • Entered service at: Oxford, Ohio
  • Date of issue: 10 August 1894

Citation: Gallantry in the charge of the "volunteer storming party."

DI CESNOLA, LOUIS P.

  • Rank and organization: Colonel, 4th New York Cavalry
  • Place and date: At Aldie, Va., 17 June 1863
  • Entered service at: New York, N.Y.
  • Date of issue: Unknown

Citation: Was present, in arrest, when, seeing his regiment fall back, he rallied his men, accompanied them, without arms, in a second charge, and in recognition of his gallantry was released from arrest. He continued in the action at the head of his regiment until he was desperately wounded and taken prisoner.

DICKEY, WILLIAM D.

  • Rank and organization: Captain, Battery M, 15th New York Heavy Artillery
  • Place and date: At Petersburg, Va., 17 June 1864
  • Entered service at: Newburgh, N.Y.
  • Date of issue: 10 June 1896

Citation: Refused to leave the field, remaining in command after being wounded by a piece of shell, and led his command in the assault on the enemy's works on the following day.

DICKIE, DAVID

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company A, 97th Illinois Infantry
  • Place and date: At Vicksburg, Miss., 22 May 1863
  • Entered service at: Gillespie, Macoupin County, Ill.
  • Date of issue: 29 January 1896

Citation: Gallantry in the charge of the "volunteer storming party."

DIGGINS, BARTHOLOMEW

  • Rank and organization: Ordinary Seaman, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: Maryland
  • G.O. No.: 391, 12 November 1891

Citation: On board the flagship, U.S.S. Hartford, during action against rebel forts and gunboats and with the ram Tennessee in Mobile Bay, 5 August 1864. Despite damage to his ship and the loss of several men on board as enemy fire raked her decks, Diggins, as loader of a gun, remained steadfast at his post throughout the furious 2-hour battle which resulted in the surrender of the rebel ram Tennessee and in the damaging and destruction of batteries at Fort Morgan.

DILGER, HUBERT

  • Rank and organization: Captain, Battery 1, 1st Ohio Light Artillery
  • Place and date: At Chancellorsville, Va., 2 May 1863
  • Entered service at: New York, N.Y.
  • Date of issue: 17 August 1893

Citation: Fought his guns until the enemy were upon him, then with one gun hauled in the road by hand he formed the rear guard and kept the enemy at bay by the rapidity of his fire and was the last man in the retreat.

DILLON, MICHAEL A.

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company G, 2d New Hampshire Infantry
  • Place and date: At Williamsburg, Va., 5 May 1862. At Oak Grove, Va., 25 June 1862
  • Entered service at: Wilton, N.H.
  • Date of issue: 10 October 1889

Citation: Bravery in repulsing the enemy's charge on a battery, at Williamsburg, Va. At Oak Grove, Va., crawled outside the lines and brought in important information.

DITZENBACK, JOHN

  • Rank and organization: Quartermaster, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: Indiana
  • G.O. No.: 59, 22 June 1865

Citation: Served on board the U.S. Monitor Neosho during the engagement with enemy batteries at Bells Mills, Cumberland River, near Nashville, Tenn., 6 December 1864. Carrying out his duties courageously during the engagement, Ditzenback gallantly left the pilot house after the flag and signal staffs of that vessel had been shot away and, taking the flag which was drooping over the wheelhouse, made it fast to the stump of the highest mast remaining, although the ship was still under a heavy fire from the enemy.

DOCKUM, WARREN C.

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company H, 121st New York Infantry
  • Place and date: At Sailors Creek, Va., 6 April 1865
  • Date of issue: 10 May 1865

Citation: Capture of flag of Savannah Guards (C.S.A.), after 2 other men had been killed in the effort.

DODD, ROBERT F.

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company E, 27th Michigan Infantry
  • Place and date: At Petersburg, Va., 30 July 1864
  • Entered service at: Hantramck, Mich.
  • Date of issue: 27 July 1896

Citation: While acting as orderly, voluntarily assisted to carry off the wounded from the ground in front of the crater while exposed to a heavy fire.

DODDS, EDWARD E.

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company C, 21st New York Cavalry
  • Place and date: At Ashbys Gap, Va., 19 July 1864
  • Entered service at: Rochester, N.Y.
  • Date of issue: 11 June 1896

Citation: At great personal risk rescued his wounded captain and carried him from the field to a place of safety.

DOLLOFF, CHARLES W.

  • Rank and organization: Corporal, Company K, 1st Vermont Infantry
  • Place and date: At Petersburg, Va., 2 April 1865
  • Entered service at: St. Johnsbury, Vt.
  • Date of issue: 24 April 1865

Citation: Capture of flag.

DONALDSON, JOHN

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company L, 4th Pennsylvania Cavalry
  • Place and date: At Appomattox Courthouse, Va., 9 April 1865
  • Date of issue: 3 May 1865

Citation: Capture of flag of 4th Virginia Cavalry (C.S.A.).

DONNELLY, JOHN

  • Rank and organization: Ordinary Seaman, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: New York
  • G.O. No.: 71, 15 January 1866

Citation: Served on board the U.S.S. Metacomet. As a member of the boat's crew which went to the rescue of the U.S. Monitor Tecumseh when that vessel was struck by a torpedo in passing the enemy forts in Mobile Bay, 5 August 1864, Donnelly braved the enemy fire which was said by the admiral to be "one of the most galling" he had ever seen and aided in rescuing from death 10 of the crew of the Tecumseh, eliciting the admiration of both friend and foe.

DONOGHUE, TIMOTHY

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company B, 69th New York Infantry
  • Place and date: At Fredericksburg, Va., 13 December 1862
  • Date of issue: 17 January 1894

Citation: Voluntarily carried a wounded officer off the field from between the lines; while doing this he was himself wounded.

DOODY, PATRICK

  • Rank and organization: Corporal, Company E., 164th New York Infantry
  • Place and date: At Cold Harbor, Va., 7 June 1864
  • Entered service at: New York, N.Y.
  • Date of issue: 13 December 1893

Citation: After making a successful personal reconnaissance, he gallantly led the skirmishers in a night attack, charging the enemy, and thus enabling the pioneers to put up works.

DOOLEN, WILLIAM

  • Rank and organization: Coal Heaver, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: Pennsylvania
  • G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864

Citation: On board the U.S.S. Richmond during action against rebel forts and gunboats and with the ram Tennessee in Mobile Bay, 5 August 1864. Although knocked down and seriously wounded in the head, Doolen refused to leave his station as shot and shell passed. Calm and courageous, he rendered gallant service throughout the prolonged battle which resulted in the surrender of the rebel ram Tennessee and in the successful attacks carried out on Fort Morgan despite the enemy's heavy return fire.

DORE, GEORGE H.

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company D, 126th New York Infantry
  • Place and date: At Gettysburg, Pa., 3 July 1863
  • Date of issue: 1 December 1864

Citation: The colors being struck down by a shell as the enemy were charging, this soldier rushed out and seized it, exposing himself to the fire of both sides.

DORLEY, AUGUST

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company B, 1st Louisiana Cavalry
  • Place and date: At Mount Pleasant, Ala., 11 April 1865
  • Date of issue: Unknown

Citation: Capture of flag.

DORMAN, JOHN

  • Rank and organization: Seaman, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: Ohio
  • G.O. No.: 32, 18 April 1864

Citation: Served on board the U.S.S. Carondelet in various actions of that vessel. Carrying out his duties courageously throughout the actions of the Carondelet, Dorman, although wounded several times invariably returned to duty and constantly presented an example of devotion to the flag.

DORSEY, DANIEL A.

  • Rank and organization: Corporal, Company H, 33d Ohio Infantry
  • Place and date: Georgia, April 1862
  • Entered service at: Fairfield County, Ohio
  • Date of issue: 17 September 1863

Citation: One of the 19 of 22 men (including 2 civilians) who, by direction of Gen. Mitchell (or Buell), penetrated nearly 200 miles south into enemy territory and captured a railroad train at Big Shanty, Ga., in an attempt to destroy the bridges and track between Chattanooga and Atlanta.

DORSEY, DECATUR

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company B, 39th U.S. Colored Troops
  • Place and date: At Petersburg, Va., 30 July 1864
  • Entered service at: Baltimore County, Md.
  • Date of issue: 8 November 1865

Citation: Planted his colors on the Confederate works in advance of his regiment, and when the regiment was driven back to the Union works he carried the colors there and bravely rallied the men.

DOUGALL, ALLAN H.

  • Rank and organization: First Lieutenant and Adjutant, 88th Indiana Infantry
  • Place and date: At Bentonville, N.C., 19 March 1865
  • Entered service at: New Haven, Allen County, Ind.
  • Date of issue: 16 February 1897

Citation: In the face of a galling fire from the enemy he voluntarily returned to where the color bearer had fallen wounded and saved the flag of his regiment from capture.

DOUGHERTY, MICHAEL

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company B, 13th Pennsylvania Cavalry
  • Place and date: At Jefferson, Va., 12 October 1863
  • Entered service at: Philadelphia, Pa.
  • Date of issue: 23 January 1897

Citation: At the head of a detachment of his company dashed across an open field, exposed to a deadly fire from the enemy, and succeeded in dislodging them from an unoccupied house, which he and his comrades defended for several hours against repeated attacks, thus preventing the enemy from flanking the position of the Union forces.

DOUGHERTY, PATRICK

  • Rank and organization: Landsman, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: New York
  • G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864

Citation: As a landsman on board the U.S.S. Lackawanna, Dougherty acted gallantly without orders when the powder box at his gun was disabled under the heavy enemy fire, and maintained a supply of powder throughout the prolonged action. Dougherty also aided in the attacks on Fort Morgan and in the capture of the prize ram Tennessee.

DOW, GEORGE P.

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company C, 7th New Hampshire Infantry
  • Place and date: Near Richmond, Va., October 1864
  • Date of issue: 10 May 1884

Citation: Gallantry while in command of his company during a reconnaissance toward Richmond.

DOW, HENRY

  • Rank and organization: Boatswain's Mate, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: Illinois
  • G.O. No.: 17, 10 July 1863

Citation: Served on board the U.S.S. Cincinnati during the attack on the Vicksburg batteries and at the time of her sinking, 27 May 1863. Engaging the enemy in a fierce battle, the Cincinnati, amidst an incessant fire of shot and shell, continued to fire her guns to the last, though so penetrated by enemy shellfire that her fate was sealed. Serving courageously throughout this action, Dow carried out his duties to the end on this proud ship that went down with "her colors nailed to the mast."

DOWNEY, WILLIAM

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company B, 4th Massachusetts Cavalry
  • Place and date: At Ashepoo River, S.C., 24 May 1864
  • Entered service at: Fall River, Mass.
  • Date of issue: 21 January 1897

Citation: Volunteered as a member of a boatcrew which went to the rescue of a large number of Union soldiers on board the stranded steamer Boston, and with great gallantry assisted in conveying them to shore, being exposed during the entire time to a heavy fire from a Confederate battery.

DOWNS, HENRY W.

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company I, 8th Vermont Infantry
  • Place and date: At Winchester, Va., 19 September 1864
  • Entered service at: Newfane, Vt.
  • Date of issue: 13 December 1893

Citation: With one comrade, voluntarily crossed an open field, exposed to a raking fire, and returned with a supply of ammunition, successfully repeating the attempt a short time thereafter.

DRAKE, JAMES M.

  • Rank and organization: 2d Lieutenant, Company D, 9th New Jersey Infantry
  • Place and date: At Bermuda Hundred, Va., 6 May 1864
  • Entered service at: Elizabeth, N.J.
  • Date of issue: 3 March 1873

Citation: Commanded the skirmish line in the advance and held his position all day and during the night.

DRURY, JAMES

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company C, 4th Vermont Infantry
  • Place and date: At Weldon Railroad, Va., 23 June 1864
  • Entered service at: Chester, Vt.
  • Date of issue: 18 January 1893

Citation: Saved the colors of his regiment when it was surrounded by a much larger force of the enemy and after the greater part of the regiment had been killed or captured.

DUFFEY, JOHN

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company B, 4th Massachusetts Cavalry
  • Place and date: At Ashepoo River, S.C., 24 May 1864
  • Date of issue: 21 January 1897

Citation: Volunteered as a member of a boatcrew which went to the rescue of a large number of Union soldiers on board the stranded steamer Boston, and with great gallantry assisted in conveying them to shore, being exposed during the entire time to a heavy fire from a Confederate battery.

DUNCAN, ADAM

  • Rank and organization: Boatswain's Mate, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: Maine
  • G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864

Citation: As captain of a gun on board the U.S.S. Richmond during action against rebel forts and gunboats and with the ram Tennessee in Mobile Bay, 5 August 1864. Despite damage to his ship and the loss of several men on board as enemy fire raked her decks, Duncan fought his gun with skill and courage throughout the prolonged battle which resulted in the surrender of the rebel ram Tennessee and in the successful attacks carried out on Fort Morgan.

DUNCAN, JAMES K. L.

  • Rank and organization: Ordinary Seaman, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: Pennsylvania
  • G.O. No.: 32, 16 April 1864

Citation: Served on board the U.S.S. Fort Hindman during the engagement near Harrisonburg, La., 2 March 1864. Following a shellburst at one of the guns which started a fire at the cartridge tie, Duncan immediately seized the burning cartridge, took it from the gun and threw it overboard, despite the immediate danger to himself. Carrying out his duties through the entire engagement, Duncan served courageously during this action in which the Fort Hindman was raked severely with shot and shell from the enemy guns.

DUNLAVY, JAMES

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company D, 3d Iowa Cavalry
  • Place and date: At Osage, Kans., 25 October 1864
  • Entered service at: Davis County, Iowa
  • Date of issue: 4 April 1865

Citation: Gallantry in capturing Gen. Marmaduke.

DUNN, WILLIAM

  • Rank and organization: Quartermaster, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: Maine
  • G.O. No.: 59, 22 June 1865

Citation: On board the U.S.S. Monadnock in action during several attacks on Fort Fisher, 24 and 25 December 1864; and 13, 14, and 15 January 1865. With his ship anchored well inshore to insure perfect range against the severe fire of rebel guns, Dunn continued his duties when the vessel was at anchor, as her propellers were kept in motion to make her turrets bear, and the shooting away of her chain might have caused her to ground. Disdainful of shelter despite severe weather conditions, he inspired his shipmates and contributed to the success of his vessel in reducing the enemy guns to silence.

DUNNE, JAMES

  • Rank and organization: Corporal, Chicago Mercantile Battery, Illinois Light Artillery
  • Place and date: At Vicksburg, Miss., 22 May 1863
  • Entered service at: Chicago, Ill.
  • Date of issue: 15 January 1895

Citation: Carried with others by hand a cannon up to and fired it through an embrasure of the enemy's works.

DUNPHY, RICHARD D.

  • Rank and organization: Coal Heaver, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: New York

Citation: On board the flagship U.S.S. Hartford during successful attacks against Fort Morgan, rebel gunboats and the rebel ram Tennessee, Mobile Bay, 5 August 1864. With his ship under terrific enemy shellfire, Dunphy performed his duties with skill and courage throughout this fierce engagement which resulted in the capture of the rebel ram Tennessee.

DU PONT, HENRY A.

  • Rank and organization: Captain, 5th U.S. Artillery
  • Place and date: At Cedar Creek, Va., 19 October 1864
  • Entered service at: Wilmington, Del.
  • Date of issue: 2 April 1898

Citation: By his distinguished gallantry, and voluntary exposure to the enemy's fire at a critical moment, when the Union line had been broken, encouraged his men to stand to their guns, checked the advance of the enemy, and brought off most of his pieces.

DURHAM, JAMES R.

  • Rank and organization: Second Lieutenant, Company E, 12th West Virginia Infantry
  • Place and date: At Winchester, Va., 14 June 1863
  • Entered service at: Clarksburg, W. Va.
  • Date of issue: 6 March 1890

Citation: Led his command over the stone wall, where he was wounded.

DURHAM, JOHN S.

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company F, 1st Wisconsin Infantry
  • Place and date: At Perryville, Ky., 8 October 1862
  • Entered service at: Malone, St. Croix County, Wis.
  • Date of issue: 20 November 1896

Citation: Seized the flag of his regiment when the color sergeant was shot and advanced with the flag midway between the lines, amid a shower of shot, shell, and bullets, until stopped by his commanding officer.

ECKES, JOHN N.

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company E, 47th Ohio Infantry
  • Place and date: At Vicksburg, Miss., 22 May 1863
  • Entered service at: Weston, W. Va.
  • Date of issue: 21 July 1894

Citation: Gallantry in the charge of the "volunteer storming party."

EDDY, SAMUEL E.

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company D, 37th Massachusetts Infantry
  • Place and date: At Sailors Creek, Va., 6 April 1865
  • Entered service at: Chesterfield, Mass.
  • Date of issue: 10 September 1897

Citation: Saved the life of the adjutant of his regiment by voluntarily going beyond the line and there killing one of the enemy then in the act of firing upon the wounded officer. Was assailed by several of the enemy, run through the body with a bayonet, and pinned to the ground, but while so. situated he shot and killed his assailant.

EDGERTON, NATHAN H.

  • Rank and organization: Lieutenant and Adjutant, 6th U.S. Colored Troops
  • Place and date: At Chapins Farm, Va., 29 September 1864
  • Entered service at: Philadelphia, Pa.
  • Date of issue: 30 March 1898

Citation: Took up the flag after 3 color bearers had been shot down and bore it forward, though himself wounded.

EDWARDS, DAVID

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company H, 146th New York Infantry
  • Place and date: At Five Forks, Va., 1 April 1865
  • Entered service at: Sangersfield, N.Y.
  • Date of issue: 10 May 1865

Citation: Capture of flag.

EDWARDS, JOHN

  • Rank and organization: Captain of the Top, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: Rhode Island
  • G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864

Citation: As second captain of a gun on board the U.S.S. Lackawanna during successful attacks against Fort Morgan, rebel gunboats and the ram Tennessee in Mobile Bay, on 5 August 1864. Wounded when an enemy shell struck, Edwards refused to go below for aid and, as heavy return fire continued to strike his vessel, took the place of the first captain and carried out his duties during the prolonged action which resulted in the capture of the prize ram Tennessee and in the damaging and destruction of batteries at Fort Morgan.

ELLIOTT, ALEXANDER

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company A, 1st Pennsylvania Cavalry
  • Place and date: At Paines Crossroads, Va., 5 April 1865
  • Entered service at: North Sewickley, Pa.
  • Date of issue: 3 May 1865

Citation: Capture of flag.

ELLIOTT, RUSSELL C.

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company B, 3d Massachusetts Cavalry
  • Place and date: At Natchitoches, La., 19 April 1864
  • Entered service at: Boston, Mass.
  • Date of issue: 20 November 1896

Citation: Seeing a Confederate officer in advance of his command, charged on him alone and unaided and captured him.

ELLIS, HORACE

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company A, 7th Wisconsin Infantry
  • Place and date: At Weldon Railroad, Va., 21 August 1864
  • Entered service at: Chippewa Falls, Wis.
  • Date of issue: December 1864

Citation: Capture of flag of 16th Mississippi (C.S.A.).

ELISE, WILLIAM

  • Rank and organization: First Sergeant, Company K, 3d Wisconsin Cavalry
  • Place and date: At, Ark., 14 January 1865
  • Entered service at: Little Rock, Ark.
  • Date of issue: 8 March 1865

Citation: Remained at his post after receiving three wounds, and only retired, by his commanding officer's orders, after being wounded the fourth time.

ELLS WORTH, THOMAS F.

  • Rank and organization: Captain, Company B, Massachusetts Infantry
  • Place and date: At Honey Hill, S.C., 30 November 1864
  • Date of issue: 18 November 1895

Citation: Under a heavy fire carried his wounded commanding officer from the field.

ELISION, JAMES M.

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company C, Iowa Infantry
  • Place and date: At Vicksburg, Miss., 22 May 1863
  • Entered service at: Shells burg, Iowa
  • Date of issue: 12 September 1891

Citation: Carried the colors in advance of his regiment and was shot down while attempting to plant them on the enemy's works.

EMBLER, ANDREW H.

  • Rank and organization: Captain, Company D, 59th New York Infantry
  • Place and date: At Boydton Plank Road, Va., 27 October 1864
  • Entered service at: New York
  • Date of issue: 19 October 1893

Citation: Charged at the head of 2 regiments, which drove the enemy's main body, gained the crest of the hill near the Burgess house and forced a barricade on the Boydton road.

ENDERLIN, RICHARD

  • Rank and organization: Musician, Company B, 73d Ohio Infantry
  • Place and date: At Gettysburg, Pa., 1-3 July 1863
  • Entered service at: Chillicothe, Ohio
  • Date of issue: 11 September 1897

Citation: Voluntarily took a rifle and served as a soldier in the ranks during the first and second days of the battle. Voluntarily and at his own imminent peril went into the enemy's lines at night and, under a sharp fire, rescued a wounded comrade.

ENGLE, JAMES E.

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company I, 97th Pennsylvania Infantry
  • Place and date: At Bermuda Hundred, Va., 18 May 1864
  • Entered service at: Chester, Pa.
  • Date of issue: 17 December 1896

Citation: Responded to a call for volunteers to carry ammunition to the regiment on the picket line and under a heavy fire from the enemy assisted in carrying a box of ammunition to the front and remained to distribute the same.

ENGLISH, EDMUND

  • Rank and organization: First Sergeant, Company C, 2d New Jersey Infantry
  • Place and date: At Wilderness, Va., 6 May 1864
  • Entered service at: Newark, N.J.
  • Date of issue: 13 February 1891

Citation: During a rout and while under orders to retreat seized the colors, rallied the men, and drove the enemy back.

ENGLISH, THOMAS

  • Rank and organization: Signal Quartermaster, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: New York
  • G.O. No.: 59, 22 June 1865

Citation: English served on board the U.S.S. New Iron sides during action in several attacks on Fort Fisher, 24 and 25 December 1864; and 13, 14, and 15 January 1865. The ship steamed in and took the lead in the ironclad division close inshore and immediately opened its starboard battery in a barrage of well-directed fire to cause several fires and explosions and dismount several guns during the first 2 days of fighting. Taken under fire as she steamed into position on 13 January, the New Ironsides fought all day and took on ammunition at night despite severe weather conditions. When the enemy came out of his bombproofs to defend the fort against the storming party, the ship's battery disabled nearly every gun on the fort facing the shore before the cease-fire orders were given by the flagship.

ENNIS, CHARLES D.

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company G, 1st Rhode Island Light Artillery
  • Place and date: At Petersburg, Va., 2 April 1865
  • Entered service at: Charleston, R.I.
  • Date of issue: 28 June 1892

Citation: Was one of a detachment of 20 picked artillerymen who voluntarily accompanied an infantry assaulting party and who turned upon the enemy the guns captured in the assault.

ERICKSON, JOHN P.

  • Rank and organization: Captain of the Forecastle, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: New York
  • G.O. No.: 59, 22 June 1865

Citation: Served on board the U.S.S. Pontoosuc during the capture of Fort Fisher and Wilmington, 24 December 1864, to 22 February 1865. Carrying out his duties faithfully throughout this period, Erickson was so severely wounded in the assault upon Fort Fisher that he was sent to the hospital at Portsmouth, Va. Erickson was recommended for his gallantry, skill, and coolness in action while under the fire of the enemy.

ESTES, LEWELLYN G.

  • Rank and organization: Captain and Assistant Adjutant General, Volunteers
  • Place and date: At Flint River, Ga., 30 August 1864
  • Entered service at: Penobscot, Maine
  • Date of issue: 29 August 1894

Citation: Voluntarily led troops in a charge over a burning bridge.

EVANS, CORON D.

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company A, 3d Indiana Cavalry
  • Place and date: At Sailors Creek, Va., 6 April 1865
  • Entered service at: Jefferson County, Ind.
  • Date of issue: 3 May 1865

Citation: Capture of flag of 26th Virginia Infantry (C.S.A.).

EVANS, IRA H.

  • Rank and organization: Captain, Company B, 116th U.S. Colored Troops,
  • Place and date: At Hatchers Run, Va., 2 April 1865
  • Entered service at: Barre, Vt.
  • Date of issue: 24 March 1892

Citation: Voluntarily passed between the lines, under a heavy fire from the enemy, and obtained important information.

EVANS, JAMES R.

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company H, 62d New York Infantry
  • Place and date: At Wilderness, Va., 5 May 1864
  • Entered service at: New York, N.Y.
  • Date of issue: 25 February 1895

Citation: Went out in front of the line under a fierce fire and, in the face of the rapidly advancing enemy, rescued the regimental flag with which the color bearer had fallen.

EVANS, THOMAS

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company D, 54th Pennsylvania Infantry
  • Place and date: At Piedmont, Va., 5 June 1864
  • Entered service at: Cambria County, Pa.
  • Date of issue: 26 November 1864

Citation: Capture of flag of 45th Virginia (C.S.A.).

EVERSON, ADELBERT

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company D, 185th New York Infantry
  • Place and date: At Five Forks, Va., 1 April 1865
  • Entered service at: Salina, N.Y.
  • Date of issue: 10 May 1865

Citation: Capture of flag.

EWING, JOHN C.

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company E, 211th Pennsylvania Infantry
  • Place and date: At Petersburg, Va., 2 April 1865
  • Date of issue: 20 May 1865

Citation: Capture of flag.

FALCONER, JOHN A.

  • Rank and organization: Corporal, Company A, 17th Michigan Infantry
  • Place and date: At Fort Sanders, Knoxville, Tenn., 20 November 1863
  • Entered service at: Manchester, Mich.
  • Date of issue: 27 July 1896

Citation: Conducted the "burning party" of his regiment at the time a charge was made on the enemy's picket line, and burned the house which had sheltered the enemy's sharpshooters, thus insuring success to a hazardous enterprise.

FALL, CHARLES S.

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company E, 26th Michigan Infantry
  • Place and date: At Spotsylvania Courthouse, Va., 12 May 1864
  • Entered service at: Hamburg, Mich.
  • Date of issue: 13 May 1899

Citation: Was one of the first to mount the Confederate works, where he bayoneted two of the enemy and captured a Confederate flag, but threw it away to continue the pursuit of the enemy.

FALLON, THOMAS T.

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company K, 37th New York Infantry
  • Place and date: At Williamsburg, Va., 5 May 1862. At Fair Oaks, Va., 30-31 May 1862. At Big Shanty, Ga., 14-15 June 1864
  • Entered service at: Freehold, N.J.
  • Date of issue: 13 February 1891

Citation: At Williamsburg, Va., assisted in driving rebel skirmishers to their main line. Participated in action, at Fair Oaks, Va., though excused from duty because of disability. In a charge with his company at Big Shanty, Ga., was the first man on the enemy's works.

*FALLS, BENJAMIN F.

  • Rank and organization: Color Sergeant, Company A, 19th Massachusetts Infantry
  • Place and date: At Gettysburg, Pa., 3 July 1863
  • Entered service at: Lynn, Mass.
  • Date of issue: December 1864

Citation: Capture of flag.

FANNING, NICHOLAS

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company B, 4th Iowa Cavalry
  • Place and date: At Selma, Ala., 2 April 1865
  • Entered service at: Independence, Buchanan County, Iowa
  • Date of issue: 17 June 1865

Citation: Capture of silk Confederate States flag and 2 staff officers.

FARLEY, WILLIAM

  • Rank and organization: Boatswain's Mate, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: Maine
  • G.O. No.: 32, 16 April 1864

Citation: Served on board the U.S.S. Marblehead off Legareville, Stono River, 25 December 1863, during an engagement with the enemy on John's Island. Behaving in a gallant manner, Farley animated his men and kept up a rapid and effective fire on the enemy throughout the engagement which resulted in the enemy's abandonment of his positions, leaving a caisson and 1 gun behind.

FARNSWORTH, HERBERT E.

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant Major, 10th New York Cavalry
  • Place and date: At Trevilian Station, Va., 11 June 1864
  • Date of issue: 1 April 1898

Citation: Voluntarily carried a message which stopped the firing of a Union battery into his regiment, in which service he crossed a ridge in plain view and swept by the fire of both armies.

FARQUHAR, JOHN M.

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant Major, 89th Illinois Infantry
  • Place and date: At Stone River, Tenn., 31 December 1862
  • Entered service at: Chicago, Ill.
  • Date of issue: 6 August 1902

Citation: When a break occurred on the extreme right wing of the Army of the Cumberland, this soldier rallied fugitives from other commands, and deployed his own regiment, thereby checking the Confederate advance until a new line was established.

FARRELL, EDWARD

  • Rank and organization: Quartermaster, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: New York
  • G.O. No.: 11, 3 April 1863

Citation: Served on board the U.S.S. Owasco during the attack upon Forts Jackson and St. Philip, 24 April 1862. Stationed at the masthead during these operations, Farrell observed and reported the effect of the fire of our guns in such a manner as to make his intelligence, coolness and capacity conspicuous.

FASNACHT, CHARLES H.

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company A, 99th Pennsylvania Infantry
  • Place and date: At Spotsylvania, Va., 12 May 1864
  • Date of issue: 2 April 1878

Citation: Capture of flag of 2nd Louisiana Tigers (C.S.A.) in a hand-to-hand contest.

FASSETT, JOHN B.

  • Rank and organization: Captain, Company F, 23d Pennsylvania Infantry
  • Place and date: At Gettysburg, Pa., 2 July 1863
  • Entered service at: Philadelphia, Pa.
  • Date of issue: 29 December 1894

Citation: While acting as an aide, voluntarily led a regiment to the relief of a battery and recaptured its guns from the enemy.

FERNALD, ALBERT E.

  • Rank and organization: First Lieutenant, Company F, 20th Maine Infantry
  • Place and date: At Five Forks, Va., 1 April 1865
  • Entered service at: Winterport, Maine
  • Date of issue: 10 May 1865

Citation: During a rush at the enemy, Lt. Fernald seized, during a scuffle, the flag of the 9th Virginia Infantry (C.S.A.).

FERRELL, JOHN H.

  • Rank and organization: Pilot, U.S. Navy
  • Entered service at: Illinois
  • G.O. No.: 59, 22 June 1865

Citation: Served on board the U.S. Monitor Neosho during the engagement with enemy batteries at Bells Mills, Cumberland River, near Nashville, Tenn., 6 December 1864. Carrying out his duties courageously during the engagement, Ferrell gallantly left the pilothouse after the flag and signal staffs of that vessel had been shot away and, taking the flag which was drooping over the wheelhouse, make it fast to the stump of the highest mast remaining although the ship was still under a heavy fire from the enemy.

FERRIER, DANIEL T.

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company K, 2d Indiana Cavalry
  • Place and date: At Varnells Station, Ga., 9 May 1864
  • Entered service at: Delphi, Ind.
  • Date of issue: 30 March 1898

Citation: While his regiment was retreating, voluntarily gave up his horse to his brigade commander who had been unhorsed and was in danger of capture, thereby enabling him to rejoin and rally the disorganized troops. Sgt. Ferrier himself was captured and confined in Confederate prisons, from which he escaped and, after great hardship, rejoined the Union lines.

FERRIS, EUGENE W.

  • Rank and organization: First Lieutenant and Adjutant, 30th Massachusetts Infantry
  • Place and date: At Berryville, Va., 1 April 1865
  • Entered service at: Lowell, Mass.
  • Date of issue: 16 October 1897

Citation: Accompanied only by an orderly, outside the lines of the Army, he gallantly resisted an attack of 5 of Mosby's cavalry, mortally wounded the leader of the party, seized his horse and pistols, wounded 3 more, and, though wounded himself, escaped.

FESQ, FRANK

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company A, 40th New Jersey Infantry
  • Place and date: At Petersburg, Va., 2 April 1865
  • Entered service at: Newark, N.J.
  • Date of issue: 10 May 1865

Citation: Capture of flag of 18th North Carolina (C.S.A.) within the enemy's works.

FINKENBINER, HENRY S.

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company D, 107th Ohio Infantry
  • Place and date: At Dingles Mill, S.C., 9 April 1865
  • Date of issue: 30 March 1898

Citation: While on the advance skirmish line and within direct and close fire of the enemy's artillery, crossed the mill race on a burning bridge and ascertained the enemy's position.

FISHER, JOHN H.

  • Rank and organization: First Lieutenant, Company B, 55th Illinois Infantry
  • Place and date: At Vicksburg, Miss., 22 May 1863
  • Entered service at: Chicago, Ill.
  • Date of issue: 2 September 1893

Citation: Gallantry in the charge of the "volunteer storming party."

FISHER, JOSEPH

  • Rank and organization: Corporal, Company C, 61st Pennsylvania Infantry
  • Place and date: At Petersburg, Va., 2 April 1865
  • Entered service at: Philadelphia, Pa.
  • Date of issue: 16 January 1894

Citation: Carried the colors 50 yards in advance of his regiment, and after being painfully wounded attempted to crawl into the enemy's works in an endeavor to plant his flag thereon.

FITZPATRICK, THOMAS

  • Rank and organization: Coxswain, U.S. Navy
  • G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864

Citation: As captain of the No. 1 gun on board the flagship U.S.S. Hartford, during action against rebel gunboats, the ram Tennessee and Fort Morgan in Mobile Bay, 5 August 1864. Although struck several times in the face by splinters, and with his gun disabled when a shell burst between the 2 forward 9-inch guns, killing and wounding 15 men, Fitzpatrick, within a few minutes, had the gun in working order again with new track, breeching and side tackle, had sent the wounded below, cleared the area of other casualties, and was fighting his gun as before. He served as an inspiration to the members of his crew and contributed to the success of the action in which the Tennessee was captured.

FLANAGAN, AUGUSTIN

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company A, 55th Pennsylvania Infantry
  • Place and date: At Chapins Farm, Va., 29 September 1864
  • Entered service at: Chest Springs, Pa.
  • Date of issue: 6 April 1865

Citation: Gallantry in the charge on the enemy's works: rushing forward with the colors and calling upon the men to follow him; was severely wounded.

FLANNIGAN, JAMES

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company H, 2d Minnesota Infantry
  • Place and date: At Nolensville, Tenn., 15 February 1863
  • Entered service at: Louisville, Scott County, Minn.
  • Date of issue: 11 September 1897

Citation: Was one of a detachment of 16 men who heroically defended a wagon train against the attack of 125 cavalry, repulsed the attack and saved the train.

FLEETWOOD, CHRISTIAN A.

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant Major, 4th U.S. Colored Troops,
  • Place and date: At Chapins Farm, Va., 29 September 1864
  • Date of issue: 6 April 1865

Citation: Seized the colors, after 2 color bearers had been shot down, and bore them nobly through the fight.

FLOOD, THOMAS

  • Rank and organization: Boy, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: New York
  • G.O. No.: 11, 3 April 1863

Citation: Served on board the U.S.S. Pensacola in the attack on Forts Jackson and St. Philip and at the taking of new Orleans, 24 and 25 April 1862. Swept from the bridge by a shell which wounded the signal quartermaster, Flood returned to the bridge after assisting the wounded man below and taking over his duties, "Performed them with coolness, exactitude and the fidelity of a veteran seaman. His intelligence and character cannot be spoken of too warmly."

FLYNN, CHRISTOPHER

  • Rank and organization: Corporal, Company K, 14th Connecticut Infantry
  • Place and date: At Gettysburg, Pa., 3 July 1863
  • Entered service at: Sprague, Conn.
  • Date of issue: 1 December 1864

Citation: Capture of flag of 52d North Carolina Infantry (C.S.A.).

FLYNN, JAMES E.

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company G, 6th Missouri Infantry
  • Place and date: At Vicksburg, Miss., 22 May 1863
  • Entered service at: St. Louis, Mo.
  • Date of issue: 19 June 1894

Citation: Gallantry in the charge of the "volunteer storming party."

FOLLETT, JOSEPH L.

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company G, 1st Missouri Light Artillery
  • Place and date: At New Madrid, Mo., 3 March 1862; at Stone River, Tenn., 31 December 1862
  • Entered service at: St. Louis, Mo.
  • Date of issue: 19 September 1890

Citation: At New Madrid, Mo., remained on duty though severely wounded. While procuring ammunition from the supply train at Stone River, Tenn., was captured, but made his escape, secured the ammunition, and in less than an hour from the time of his capture had the batteries supplied.

FORCE, MANNING F.

  • Rank and organization: Brigadier General, U.S. Volunteers
  • Place and date: At Atlanta, Ga., 22 July 1864
  • Entered service at: Cincinnati, Ohio
  • Date of issue: 31 March 1892

Citation: Charged upon the enemy's works, and after their capture defended his position against assaults of the enemy until he was severely wounded.

FORD, GEORGE W.

  • Rank and organization: First Lieutenant, Company E, 88th New York Infantry
  • Place and date: At Sailors Creek, Va., 6 April 1865
  • Date of issue: 10 May 1865

Citation: Capture of flag.

FORMAN, ALEXANDER A.

  • Rank and organization: Corporal, Company E, 7th Michigan Infantry
  • Place and date: At Fair Oaks, Va., 31 May 1862
  • Entered service at: Jonesville, Mich.
  • Date of issue: 17 August 1895

Citation: Although wounded, he continued fighting until, fainting from loss of blood, he was carried off the field.

FOUT, FREDERICK W.

  • Rank and organization: Second Lieutenant, 15th Battery, Indiana Light Artillery
  • Place and date: Near Harpers Ferry, W. Va., 15 September 1862
  • Entered service at: Indianapolis, Ind.
  • Date of issue: 2 November 1896

Citation: Voluntarily gathered the men of the battery together, remanned the guns, which had been ordered abandoned by an officer, opened fire, and kept up the same on the enemy until after the surrender.

FOX, HENRY

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company H, 106th Illinois Infantry
  • Place and date: Near Jackson, Tenn., 23 December 1862
  • Entered service at: Lincoln, Ill.
  • Date of issue: 16 May 1899

Citation: When his command was surrounded by a greatly superior force, voluntarily left the shelter of the breastworks, crossed an open railway trestle under a concentrated fire from the enemy, made his way out and secured reinforcements for the relief of his command.

FOX, HENRY M.

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company M, 5th Michigan Cavalry
  • Place and date: At Winchester, Va., 19 September 1864
  • Entered service at: Coldwater, Mich.
  • Date of issue: 27 September 1864

Citation: Capture of flag.

FOX, NICHOLAS

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company H, 28th Connecticut Infantry
  • Place and date: At Port Hudson, La., 14 June 1863
  • Entered service at: Greenwich, Conn.
  • Date of issue: 1 April 1898

Citation: Made 2 trips across an open space, in the face of the enemy's concentrated fire, and secured water for the sick and wounded.

FOX, WILLIAM R.

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company A, 95th Pennsylvania Infantry
  • Place and date: At Petersburg, Va., 2 April 1865
  • Date of issue: 28 March 1879

Citation: Bravely assisted in the capture of one of the enemy's guns; with the first troops to enter the city, captured the flag of the Confederate customhouse.

FOY, CHARLES H.

  • Rank and organization: Signal Quartermaster, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: New Hampshire
  • G.O. No.: 59, 22 June 1865

Citation: Served on board the U.S.S. Rhode Island during the action with Fort Fisher and the Federal Point batteries, 13 to 15 January 1865. Carrying out his duties courageously during the battle, Foy continued to be outstanding by his good conduct and faithful services throughout this engagement which resulted in a heavy casualty list when an attempt was made to storm Fort Fisher.

FRANKS, WILLIAM J.

  • Rank and organization: Seaman, U.S. Navy
  • Entered service at: Duvalls Bluff, Ark.
  • G.O. No.: 32, 16 April 1864

Citation: Served on board the U.S.S. Marmora off Yazoo City, Miss., 5 March 1864. Embarking from the Marmora with a 12-pound howitzer mounted on a field carriage, Franks landed with the gun and crew in the midst of heated battle and, bravely standing by his gun despite enemy rifle fire which cut the gun carriage and rammer contributed to the turning back of the enemy during the fierce engagement.

FRANTZ, JOSEPH

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company E, 83d Indiana Infantry
  • Place and date: At Vicksburg, Miss., 2,2 May 1863
  • Entered service at: Osgood, Ind.
  • Date of issue: 13 August 1894

Citation: Gallantry in the charge of the "volunteer storming party."

FRASER (FRAZIER), WILLIAM W.

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company I, 97th Illinois Infantry
  • Place and date: At Vicksburg, Miss., 22 May 1863
  • Entered service at: Alton, Madison County, Ill.
  • Date of issue: 24 October 1895

Citation: Gallantry in the charge of the "volunteer storming party."

FREEMAN, ARCHIBALD

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company E, 124th New York Infantry
  • Place and date: At Spotsylvania, Va., 12 May 1864
  • Entered service at: Newburgh, N.Y.
  • Date of issue: 1 December 1864

Citation: Capture of flag of 17th Louisiana (C.S.A.).

FREEMAN, HENRY B.

  • Rank and organization: First Lieutenant, 18th U.S. Infantry
  • Place and date: At Stone River, Tenn., 31 December 1862
  • Entered service at: Mount Vernon, Ohio
  • Date of issue: 17 February 1894

Citation: Voluntarily went to the front and picked up and carried to a place of safety, under a heavy fire from the enemy, an acting field officer who had been wounded, and was about to fall into enemy hands.

FREEMAN, MARTIN

  • Rank and organization: Pilot, U.S. Navy
  • Entered service at: Louisiana
  • G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864

Citation: As pilot of the flagship, U.S.S. Hartford, during action against Fort Morgan, rebel gunboats and the ram Tennessee, in Mobile Bay, 5 August 1864. With his ship under terrific enemy shellfire, Freeman calmly remained at his station in the maintop and skillfully piloted the ships into the bay. He rendered gallant service throughout the prolonged battle in which the rebel gunboats were captured or driven off, the prize ram Tennessee forced to surrender, and the fort successfully attacked.

FREEMAN, WILLIAM H.

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company B, 169th New York Infantry
  • Place and date: At Fort Fisher, N.C., 15 January 1865
  • Entered service at: Troy, N.Y.
  • Date of issue: 27 May 1905

Citation: Volunteered to carry the brigade flag after the bearer was wounded.

FRENCH, SAMUEL S.

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company E, 7th Michigan Infantry
  • Place and date: At Fair Oaks, Va., 31 May 1862
  • Entered service at: Gifford, Mich.
  • Date of issue: 24 October 1895

Citation: Continued fighting, although wounded, until he fainted from loss of blood.

FREY, FRANZ

  • Rank and organization: Corporal, Company H, 37th Ohio Infantry
  • Place and date: At Vicksburg, Miss., 22 May 1863
  • Entered service at: Cleveland, Ohio
  • Date of issue: 14 August 1894

Citation: Gallantry in the charge of the "volunteer storming party."

FRICK, JACOB G.

  • Rank and organization: Colonel, 129th Pennsylvania Infantry
  • Place and date: At Fredericksburg, Va., 13 December 1862. At Chancellorsville, Va., 3 May 1863. Entered service at: Pottsville, Pa.
  • Date of issue: 7 June 1892

Citation: At Fredericksburg seized the colors and led the command through a terrible fire of cannon and musketry. In a hand-to-hand fight at Chancellorsville, recaptured the colors of his regiment.

FRISBEE, JOHN B.

  • Rank and organization: Gunner's Mate, U.S. Navy
  • Accredited to: Maine
  • G.O. No.: 11, 3 April 1863

Citation: Served on board the U.S. Steam Gunboat Pinola during action against Forts Jackson and St. Philip, and during the taking of New Orleans, 24 April 1862. While engaged in the bombardment of Fort St. Philip, Frisbee, acting courageously and without personal regard, closed the powder magazine which had been set afire by enemy shelling and shut off his avenue of escape, thereby setting a high example of bravery. He served courageously throughout these engagements which resulted in the taking of the Forts Jackson and St. Philip and in the surrender of New Orleans.

FRIZZELL (FRAZELL), HENRY F.

  • Rank and organization: Private, Company B, 6th Missouri Infantry
  • Place and date: At Vicksburg, Miss., 22 May 1863
  • Entered service at: Pilot Knob, Iron County, Mo.
  • Date of issue: 30 July 1894

Citation: Gallantry in the charge of the "volunteer storming party."

FRY, ISAAC N.

  • Rank and organization: Orderly Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps
  • Accredited to: Pennsylvania
  • G.O. No.: 59, 22 June 1865

Citation: On board the U.S.S. Ticonderoga during attacks on Fort Fisher, 13 to 15 January 1865. As orderly sergeant of marine guard, and captain of a gun, Orderly Sgt. Fry performed his duties with skill and courage as the Ticonderoga maintained a well-placed fire upon the batteries to the left of the palisades during the initial phases of the 3-day battle, and thereafter, as she considerably lessened the firing power of guns on the mount which had been turned upon our assaulting columns. During this action the flag was planted on one of the strongest fortifications possessed by the rebels.

FUGER, FREDERICK

  • Rank and organization: Sergeant, Battery A, 4th U.S. Artillery
  • Place and date: At Gettysburg, Pa., 3 July 1863
  • Date of issue: 24 August 1897

Citation: All the officers of his battery having been killed or wounded and five of its guns disabled in Pickett's assault, he succeeded to the command and fought the remaining gun with most distinguished gallantry until the battery was ordered withdrawn.

FUNK, WEST

  • Rank and organization: Major, 121st Pennsylvania Infantry
  • Place and date: At Appomattox Courthouse, Va., 9 April 1865
  • Entered service at: Philadelphia, Pa.
  • Date of issue: 15 October 1872

Citation: Capture of flag of 46th Virginia Infantry (C.S.A.).

FURMAN, CHESTER S.

  • Rank and organization: Corporal, Company A, 6th Pennsylvania Reserves
  • Place and date: At Gettysburg, Pa., 2 July 1863
  • Date of issue: 3 August 1897

Citation: Was 1 of 6 volunteers who charged upon a log house near Devil's Den, where a squad of the enemy's sharpshooters were sheltered, and compelled their surrender.

FURNESS, FRANK

  • Rank and organization: Captain, Company F, 6th Pennsylvania Cavalry
  • Place and date: At Trevilian Station, Va., 12 June 1864
  • Entered service at: Philadelphia, Pa.
  • Date of issue: 20 October 1899

Citation: Voluntarily carrier a box of ammunition across an open space swept by the enemy's fire to the relief of an outpost whose ammunition had become almost exhausted, but which was thus enabled to hold its important position.