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Lineage And Honors Information

Lineage and Honors Information as of 23 July 2012

149th INFANTRY REGIMENT
(SECOND KENTUCKY)

  • Constituted 22 May 1846 in the Kentucky Militia as the 1st Kentucky Cavalry and the 2d Kentucky Volunteer Infantry
  • Organized with volunteers principally from counties in central Kentucky, and mustered into Federal service 9 June 1846 at Louisville; mustered out of Federal service 7 and 9 June 1847, respectively, at New Orleans, Louisiana, and continued in state service as separate companies
  • (Kentucky Volunteer Militia redesignated 5 March 1860 as the Kentucky State Guard)
  • Reorganized 15 June 1860 in the Kentucky State Guard as the Lexington Battalion, to include the Lexington Rifles (organized in 1857 by Captain John Hunt Morgan)
  • Expanded 6 November 1860 to form the Lexington Battalion (to include the Lexington Rifles) and the Kentucky River Battalion
  • Lexington and Kentucky River Battalions broken up in 1861 and the elements organized as follows:
  • Elements with Union sympathy reorganized April-June 1861 primarily as the 1st and 2d Kentucky Volunteer Infantry Regiments
  • Mustered into Federal service 4 and 13 June 1861, respectively, at Camp Clay, Ohio; mustered out of Federal service 18 and 19 June 1864, respectively, at Covington
  • Elements with Confederate sympathy (less Lexington Rifles) reorganized in July 1861 as elements of the 1st Kentucky Brigade (The Orphan Brigade) and mustered into Confederate service at Camp Boone, Tennessee
  • Surrendered 4 May 1865 at Washington, Georgia
  • Lexington Rifles withdrawn 20 September 1861 from the Kentucky State Guard, reorganized as a separate company of cavalry, and mustered into Confederate service at Bowling Green
  • Consolidated in October 1861 with two other cavalry companies and consolidated unit reorganized and redesignated as Morgan's Squadron, Kentucky Cavalry
  • Expanded, reorganized and redesignated in June 1862 as the 2d Kentucky Cavalry Regiment (Morgan's Men)
  • Surrendered 8 May 1865 at Woodstock, Georgia
  • Former Lexington and Kentucky River Battalions reorganized 18 May 1881 in the Kentucky State Guard as the 3d Battalion with Headquarters at Lexington
  • Expanded, reorganized, and redesignated in 1883 as the 2d Regiment of Infantry with Headquarters at Lexington
  • Mustered into Federal service 14-25 May 1898 at Lexington as the 2d Kentucky Volunteer Infantry; mustered out of Federal service 31 October 1898 at Lexington
  • Reorganized 24 April 1899 in the Kentucky State Guard as the 1st Regiment of Infantry with Headquarters at Lexington
  • Redesignated 31 July 1899 as the 2d Regiment of Infantry
  • (Kentucky State Guard redesignated 19 March 1912 as the Kentucky National Guard)
  • Mustered into Federal service 25 June 1916 at Fort Thomas, Kentucky; mustered out of Federal service 15 February 1917 at Fort Thomas, Kentucky
  • Called into Federal service 21 April 1917 at Camp Stanley, Kentucky; drafted into Federal service 5 August 1917
  • Consolidated 1 October 1917 with the 3d Regiment of Infantry (less 3d Battalion [see ANNEX]); consolidated unit concurrently reorganized and redesignated as the 149th Infantry and assigned to the 38th Division
  • Demobilized in January 1919 at Camp Zachary Taylor, Kentucky
  • Former 2d and 3d Regiments of Infantry reorganized 1920-1921 in the Kentucky National Guard as the 1st Infantry and the 53d and 54th Machine Gun Squadrons (53d and 54th Machine Gun Squadrons - hereafter separate lineages)
  • 1st Infantry redesignated 1 July 1921 as the 149th Infantry and assigned to the 38th Division; Headquarters Federally recognized 1 July 1922 at Frankfort
  • (Location of Headquarters changed 13 December 1927 to Louisville)
  • Inducted into Federal service 17 January 1941 at home stations
  • (38th Division redesignated 10 February 1942 as the 38th Infantry Division)
  • Inactivated 9 November 1945 at Camp Anza, California
  • Relieved 13 May 1946 from assignment to the 38th Infantry Division
  • Reorganized and Federally recognized 25 September 1946 in the Kentucky National Guard as the 149th Infantry with Headquarters at St. Matthews
  • Regiment broken up 1 September 1955 and its elements converted, reorganized, and redesignated as follows:
  • Headquarters and the 1st Battalion (less Company A) as the 241st Tank Battalion
  • (Headquarters Company as Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 149th Armor Group; 2d Battalion as the 242d Tank Battalion; 3d Battalion as the 240th and 243d Tank Battalions; and Company A as the 917th Medical Company - hereafter separate lineages)
  • 241st Tank Battalion reorganized and redesignated 1 October 1959 as the 1st Medium Tank Battalion, 123d Armor
  • Converted, reorganized, and redesignated 6 April 1964 as the 149th Infantry, a parent regiment under the Combat Arms Regimental System, to consist of the 1st Battalion
  • Regiment broken up 1 February 1968 and its elements converted, reorganized, and redesignated as follows:
  • Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 1st Battalion, as Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 149th Military Police Battalion
  • Company A, 1st Battalion, as the 223d Military Police Company
  • Company B, 1st Battalion, as the 2d and 3d Platoons, Company D, 201st Engineer Battalion
  • Company C, 1st Battalion, as the 2d and 3d Platoons, 438th Military Police Company
  • Former elements of the 149th Infantry, consolidated, converted, reorganized, and redesignated 1 May 1974 as the 149th Infantry, a parent regiment under the Combat Arms Regimental System, to consist of the 1st Battalion, with Headquarters at Barbourville
  • Reorganized 1 November 1980 to consist of the 1st Battalion, an element of the 149th Armored Brigade
  • Reorganized 1 November 1985 to consist of the 1st Battalion, an element of the 35th Infantry Division
  • Withdrawn 1 May 1989 from the Combat Arms Regimental System and reorganized under the United States Army Regimental System
  • Ordered into active Federal service 5 May 2002 at home stations; released from active Federal service 2 November 2002 and reverted to state control
  • Redesignated 1 October 2005 as the 149th Infantry Regiment
  • Reorganized 1 September 2006 to consist of the 1st Battalion, an element of the 35th Infantry Division
  • Ordered into active Federal service 27 June 2006 at home stations; released from active Federal service 23 December 2007 and reverted to state control
  • Relieved 1 September 2008 from assignment to the 35th Infantry Division
  • Ordered into active Federal service 1 June 2011 at home stations; released from active Federal service 25 January 2012 and reverted to state control
  • ANNEX
  • Organized 8 May 1882 in the Kentucky State Guard in western Kentucky as the 4th Battalion with Headquarters at Bowling Green
  • Expanded, reorganized, and redesignated in 1883 as the 3d Regiment of Infantry with Headquarters at Bowling Green
  • Mustered into Federal service 21-31 May 1898 at Lexington as the 3d Kentucky Volunteer Infantry; mustered out of Federal service 16 May 1899 at Savannah, Georgia
  • Reorganized 10 October 1899 in the Kentucky State Guard as the 3d Regiment of Infantry with Headquarters at Bowling Green
  • (Kentucky State Guard redesignated 19 March 1912 as the Kentucky National Guard)
  • Mustered into Federal service 6 July 1916 at Fort Thomas, Kentucky; mustered out of Federal service 12-15 March 1917 at Fort Thomas, Kentucky
  • Called into Federal service 21 April 1917 at Camp Stanley, Kentucky; drafted into Federal service 5 August 1917
  • 3d Regiment of Infantry (less 3d Battalion) consolidated 1 October 1917 with the 2d Regiment of Infantry to form the 149th Infantry and assigned to the 38th Division; 3d Battalion, 3d Regiment of Infantry, concurrently reorganized and redesignated as Companies A and B, 138th Machine Gun Battalion, Company F, 113th Ammunition Train, and Company B, 113th Engineers, elements of the 38th Division
  • Above units demobilized in January 1919 at Camp Zachary Taylor, Kentucky

CAMPAIGN PARTICIPATION CREDIT

  • Mexican War
  • Buena Vista
  • Civil War (Union service)
  • Shiloh
  • Murfreesborough
  • Chickamauga
  • West Virginia 1861
  • Mississippi 1862
  • Kentucky 1862
  • Kentucky 1864
  • Tennessee 1863
  • Civil War (Confederate service)
  • Henry and Donelson
  • Shiloh
  • Murfreesborough
  • Chickamauga
  • Atlanta
  • Kentucky 1862
  • Kentucky 1864
  • Louisiana 1862
  • Mississippi 1862
  • Tennessee 1862
  • Tennessee 1863
  • Indiana 1863
  • South Carolina 1865
  • World War I
  • Streamer without inscription
  • World War II
  • New Guinea
  • Leyte
  • Luzon
  • War on Terrorism
  • Campaigns to be determined

Company C (Ravenna), 1st Battalion, additionally entitled to:

  • War on Terrorism
  • Campaigns to be determined

Company D (Middleboro), 1st Battalion, additionally entitled to:

  • War on Terrorism
  • Campaigns to be determined

DECORATIONS

  • Philippine Presidential Unit Citation, Streamer embroidered 17 OCTOBER 1944 TO 4 JULY 1945
  • Company C (Ravenna), 1st Battalion, additionally entitled to:
  • Army Superior Unit Award, Streamer embroidered 2003

BY ORDER OF THE SECRETARY OF THE ARMY:

ROBERT J. DALESSANDRO
Director, Center of Military History


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