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Lineage And Honors Information

Lineage and Honors Information as of 12 December 2014

143d Infantry Regiment
(Third Texas)

  • Parent unit constituted 12 June 1835 in the Robertson Colony and organized 31 July 1835, at Tenoxtitlán, Robertson’s Colony, as Lieutenant Colonel John H. Moore’s Volunteer Ranging Battalion, to consist of the following companies:
  • Captain Robert M. Coleman’s Company
  • Captain Philip H. Coe’s Company
  • Captain George W. Barnett’s Company
  • Captain Michael R. Goheen’s Company
  • Captain Robert M. Williamson’s Company
  • Reorganized 30 September 1835 as Colonel John H. Moore’s Regiment
  • Reorganized 12 March 1836 as the 1st Regiment, Texas Volunteers
  • Reorganized and redesignated 6 December 1836-14 December 1837 as the Milam County Regiment, 1st Texas Brigade
  • Reorganized and redesignated 28 April 1838 as the 1st Battalion, 2d Regiment, 1st Texas Brigade
  • (Republic of Texas annexed to the United States 29 December 1845)
  • Reorganized and redesignated 21 April 1846 as the Milam County Regiment, 1st Brigade, 4th Division, Texas State Militia
  • While remaining in state service, additionally formed the following units for Federal service:
  • Companies D and F, 1st Texas Mounted Volunteers; mustered into Federal service 7-19 June 1846; mustered out of Federal service 2 October 1846
  • Expanded, reorganized, and redesignated 14 February 1860 as the 27th Brigade, Texas State Troops
  • While remaining in state service, the following units additionally organized for Confederate service:
  • Companies D (San Andres Light Horse Company), and E (Milam County Guards), 4th Texas Mounted Volunteers, organized 7-9 September 1861; mustered into Confederate service 16-24 September 1861at San Antonio; paroled 22 May 1865 in Burleson County, Texas
  • Reorganized and redesignated 1 March 1864 as the 2d Brigade District, Texas State Troops
  • Reorganized and redesignated 13 November 1866 as the 13th Brigade, 7th Division
  • Former elements of the 13th Brigade reorganized and redesignated 27 June 1870 as the 5th Regiment, State Guard
  • 5th Regiment reorganized and redesignated 1 April 1873 as the 101st Regiment Reserve Militia
  • Reorganized and redesignated 9 April-13 July 1877 as the 1st Regiment, Texas Volunteers
  • Reorganized and redesignated 2 August 1878 as the 3d Regiment, Texas Volunteers
  • Reorganized and redesignated 6 April 1880 as the 3d Regiment of Infantry, Texas Volunteer Guard
  • Companies A, B, H, and I mustered into Federal service 10 May-30 July 1898 at Austin and Houston, and reorganized and redesignated as Companies B and C, 2d Texas Volunteer Infantry; Company B, 4th Texas Volunteer Infantry; and Company I, 1st Texas Volunteer Infantry, respectively; mustered out of Federal service 9 November 1898-17 April 1899 at Galveston, Dallas, and San Antonio, respectively
  • Reorganized and redesignated 28 October 1899 in the Texas Volunteer Guard as the 3d Regiment of Infantry
  • (Texas Volunteer Guard redesignated 1 July 1903 as the Texas National Guard)
  • Mustered into Federal service 17-18 May 1916; mustered out of Federal service 26 March 1917
  • Called into Federal service 11 April-9 May 1917; drafted into Federal service 5 August 1917
  • Consolidated 15 October 1917 with the 5th Texas Infantry (organized in June 1917; drafted into Federal service 5 August 1917); consolidated unit redesignated as the 143d Infantry, and assigned to the 36th Division
  • Demobilized 13-14 June 1919 at Camp Bowie, Texas
  • Reorganized during 1921-1922 as the 143d Infantry, an element of the 36th Division; Headquarters Federally recognized 21 June 1922 at Waco
  • Inducted into Federal service 25 November 1940 at Waco
  • (36th Division reorganized and redesignated 1 February 1942 as the 36th Infantry Division)
  • Inactivated 22 December 1945 at Camp Patrick Henry, Virginia
  • Reorganized and Federally recognized 24 April 1947 with Headquarters at Houston
  • Reorganized 16 March 1959 as the 143d Infantry, a parent regiment under the Combat Arms Regimental System, to consist of the 1st and 2d Battle Groups, elements of the 36th Infantry Division
  • Reorganized 1 March 1963 to consist of the 2d and 3d Battalions, elements of the 36th Infantry Division
  • Reorganized 1 November 1965 to consist of the 2d Battalion, and element of the 36th Infantry Division and the 3d Battalion an element of the 36th Infantry Brigade
  • Reorganized 15 January 1968 to consist of the 1st, 2d, and 3d Battalions, elements of the 71st Airborne Brigade
  • Reorganized 1 November 1973 to consist of the 1st and 2d Battalions, elements of the 36th Airborne Brigade
  • Reorganized and redesignated 1 April 1980 to consist of Company G
  • Disbanded 2 September 2002
  • Reconstituted 1 September 2009 as the 143d Infantry Regiment, a parent regiment under the United States Army Regimental System
  • Reorganized 1 November 2011 in the Texas, Alaska, and Rhode Island Army National Guard to consist of the 1st Battalion, with Headquarters at Austin
  • Ordered into active Federal service 25 November 2011; released from active Federal service 28 December 2012

Campaign Participation Credit

  • War with Mexico
  • Monterrey
  • Civil War (Confederate Service)
  • New Mexico 1862
  • Louisiana 1863
  • Louisiana 1864
  • Louisiana 1865
  • Texas 1863
  • World War I
  • Meuse-Argonne
  • World War II
  • Naples-Foggia (with arrowhead)
  • Anzio
  • Rome-Arno
  • Southern France (with arrowhead)
  • Rhineland
  • Ardennes-Alsace
  • Central Europe
  • War on Terrorism
  • Campaigns to be determined

Company C (East Greenwich, Rhode Island), 1st Battalion additionally entitled to:

  • War on Terrorism
  • Campaigns to be determined

Decorations

  • Presidential Unit Citation, Streamer embroidered SALERNO
  • Presidential Unit Citation, Streamer embroidered MAGRANON RIDGE
  • Presidential Unit Citation, Streamer embroidered RIBEAUVILLE
  • Presidential Unit Citation, Streamer embroidered COLMAR POCKET
  • Presidential Unit Citation, Streamer embroidered ALSACE
  • French Croix de Guerre with Palm, World War II, Streamer embroidered VOSGES

By Order of the Secretary of the Army:

Richard W. Stewart, Ph.D.
Director, Center of Military History


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