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Lineage And Honors Information

Lineage and Honors Information as of 26 April 2011

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Department of the Army - Lineage and Honors

141st INFANTRY REGIMENT
(FIRST TEXAS)

 

Constituted 18 February 1823 in the Mexican National Militia as the Texas Regiment

Organized 22 June 1824 as the Austin Colony Battalion of Militia with Headquarters at San Felipe de Austin to consist of the following companies:

          1st Company, Captain Andrew Robinson
                2d Company, Captain Horatio Chriesman
                3d Company, Captain Randal Jones
                4th Company, Captain Jesse Burnam
                5th Company, Captain Amos Rawls

Reorganized and redesignated 23 June 1828 as the Austin Battalion, Coahuila y Texas Militia

Reorganized and redesignated 5 October 1832 as the 2d Battalion, Militia of the Municipality Regiment

Reorganized and redesignated 6 December 1836 as the Harrisburg County Regiment

(Republic of Texas annexed to the United States 29 December 1845)

Harrisburg County Regiment reorganized 21 April 1846 and assigned to the 2d Brigade, 3d Division, Texas Militia

Mustered into Federal service 4-7 July 1846 at Galveston, Texas as Companies C and E, 1st Texas Foot Riflemen; mustered out of Federal service 24 August 1846 in Mexico

Reorganized and redesignated 14 February 1860 as the 16th (Harris) Brigade, Texas State Troops

The following companies of the 16th Brigade reorganized and mustered into state service February 1861-June 1862:

                San Jacinto Guards
                Confederate Guards
                Bayland Guards
                Confederate Greys
                Palmer Guards
                Bayou City Guards
                Turner Rifles
                Rough and Ready Company
                Houston Artillery
                Milam Rifles
        Harrisburg Guards

        While remaining in state service, the following units additionally organized for Confederate service:

                San Jacinto Guards, Confederate Guards, Bayland Guards and the Confederate      Greys reorganized 23 February 1861 and mustered into Confederate service 31 July       1861 as Companies A, B, C and D, respectively, of the Galveston Infantry Regiment;       Galveston Infantry Regiment mustered into Confederate service 31 July 1861 at   Galveston
                Reorganized and redesignated September 1861 as the 1st Texas Infantry and      assigned to the Department of Texas, Trans-Mississippi Department
                Redesignated 10 October 1861 as the 2d Texas Infantry Regiment; surrendered
        4 July 1863 at Vicksburg
        Paroled 11 July 1863; exchanged 12 September 1863
        Reorganized in Texas during the fall of 1863
        Disbanded 21 May 1865 at Galveston

        Turner Rifles, Rough and Ready Company and the Houston Artillery mustered into    Confederate service during the summer of 1861; concurrently, reorganized and        redesignated as the 3d Texas Artillery Battalion, and assigned to the District of Texas,      Trans-Mississippi Department; reorganized and redesignated 28 April 1862 as the 1st         Texas Heavy Artillery; surrendered 26 May 1865 at Galveston

        Palmer Guards and the Bayou City Guards reorganized and redesignated 28        August-30 September 1861 at Camp Quantico and Rocketts, Virginia as Company C,     1st Texas Infantry Regiment and Company A, 5th Texas Infantry Regiment, respectively;         reorganized 22 October 1861 at Dumfries, Virginia and assigned to the 5th Brigade     (Texas Brigade), Smith’s Division, Army of Northern Virginia; 1st and 5th Texas Infantry Regiments, Texas Brigade, Army of Northern Virginia, paroled 9 April 1865 at        Appomattox, Virginia

        Former elements of the 16th Brigade reorganized and redesignated in the Texas Militia
19 March 1873 as the following separate companies:

                Lone Star Rifles (Galveston)
                Island City Rifles (Galveston)
                Washington Guards (Galveston)
                Galveston Artillery Company (Galveston)
                Travis Rifles (Travis)
                Austin Greys (Travis)
                Austin City Rifles (Travis)
                Houston Light Guard (Harris)
                Texas Old Guard (Harris)
                Bayou City Guards (Harris)
                Alamo Rifles (Béxar)
                Lamar Rifles (Dallas)
                Stonewall Greys (Dallas)
                Comanche Guards (Comanche)
                Waco Greys (McLennan)
                Star Riflemen (Nueces)
                Smith County Guards (Smith)
                Fannin Light Guards (Fannin)
                Palestine Riflemen (Anderson)
                Kerrville Mounted Rifles (Kerr)
                Lavaca Greys (Calhoun)
                Gonzales Rifles (Gonzales)
                San Marcos Greys (Hays)

Reorganized and redesignated 24 June 1874 as a Regiment of Reserve Militia

Reorganized in 1876 as the 1st Battalion, Texas Volunteers

Reorganized and redesignated 6 April 1880 as the 2d Regiment of Infantry, Texas Volunteer Guard

Elements reorganized and redesignated 10-12 May 1898 as the 1st Texas Volunteer Infantry and mustered into Federal service at Austin; mustered out of Federal service 18 April 1899 at Galveston

Expanded, reorganized, and redesignated 1 July 1903 as the 1st and 2d Infantry Regiments (concurrently, Texas Volunteer Guard redesignated as the Texas National Guard)

(1st Infantry Regiment reorganized 1 January 1908 as separate infantry companies [see ANNEX])

2d Infantry Regiment mustered into Federal service 18 May 1916; mustered out of Federal service 23 March 1917

Called into Federal service 31 March 1917; mustered into Federal service 11-12 April 1917; drafted into Federal service 5 August 1917

Consolidated 12 October 1917 with the 1st Infantry Regiment (see ANNEX); and consolidated unit designated as the 141st Infantry, an element of the 36th Division

Demobilized 3 July 1919 at Camp Travis, Texas

Reorganized in 1921 as the 141st Infantry, an element of the 36th Division; Headquarters Federally recognized 24 June 1922 at Hillsboro

Location of Headquarters changed 13 July 1928 to Brenham; on 27 February 1933 to Houston; on 1 September 1933 to San Antonio

Inducted into Federal service 25 November 1940 at San Antonio

(36th Division reorganized and redesignated 1 February 1942 as the 36th Infantry Division)

Inactivated 22 December 1945 at Camp Patrick Henry, Virginia

Reorganized and Federally recognized 23 October 1946 as the 141st Infantry, with Headquarters at San Antonio

Reorganized 16 March 1959 as a parent regiment under the Combat Arms Regimental System, to consist of the 1st Battle Group, an element of the 36th Infantry Division

Reorganized 1 March 1963 to consist of the 1st and 2d Battalions, elements of the 36th Infantry Division

Reorganized 1 November 1965 to consist of the 1st and 2d Battalions, elements of the 36th Infantry Brigade

Reorganized 15 January 1968 to consist of the 1st, 2d, and 3d Battalions, elements of the 36th Infantry Brigade

Reorganized 1 November 1973 to consist of the 1st, 2d, and 3d Battalions, elements of the 49th Armored Division

Withdrawn 1 August 1987 from the Combat Arms Regimental System and reorganized under the United States Army Regimental System with Headquarters at San Antonio

(3d Battalion ordered into active Federal service 7 December 1990 at home stations; released from active Federal service 22 April 1991 and reverted to state control)

Reorganized 1 September 1992 to consist of the 1st, 2d, and 3d Battalions, elements of the 49th Armored Division

Reorganized 1 September 1994 to consist of the 1st and 3d Battalions, elements of the 49th Armored Division

(1st Battalion ordered into active Federal service 6 October 2001 at home stations)

Reorganized 1 May 2004 to consist of the 1st and 3d Battalions, elements of the 36th Infantry Division

(3d Battalion ordered into active Federal service 7 March 2005; released from active Federal service 2 September 2006 and reverted to state control)

(1st Battalion ordered into active Federal service 18 August 2005; released from active Federal service 13 February 2007 and reverted to state control)

ANNEX

Former Companies B, D, and K, 1st Infantry Regiment, reorganized 1 January 1908 in the Texas National Guard from existing elements as a separate infantry battalion

Reorganized and redesignated 9 November 1911 as Separate Companies B, D, and K

Expanded and reorganized in June 1917 to form the 1st Infantry Regiment

Drafted into Federal service 5 August 1917

HOME AREA: East Central Texas


CAMPAIGN PARTICIPATION CREDIT

                                                        Mexican War
                                                        Streamer without inscription
                         
                                                        Civil War (Confederate Service)
                                                        Shiloh
                                                        Peninsula
                                                        Second Manassas
                                                        Sharpsburg
                                                        Fredericksburg
                                                        Gettysburg
                                                        Vicksburg
                                                        Chickamauga
                                                        Chattanooga
                                                        Wilderness
                                                        Spotsylvania
                                                        Cold Harbor
                                                        Petersburg
                                                        Appomattox
                                                        Texas 1861
                                                        Virginia 1861
                                                        Mississippi 1862
                                                        New Mexico 1862
                                                        Texas 1862
                                                        Virginia 1862
                                                        Mississippi 1863
                                                        Tennessee 1863
                                                        Texas 1863
                                                        Louisiana 1864
                                                        Texas 1864
                                                        Texas 1865

                                                        World War I
                                                        Meuse-Argonne

                                                        World War II
                                                        Naples-Foggia (with arrowhead)
                                                        Anzio
                                                        Rome-Arno
                                                        Southern France (with arrowhead)
                                                        Rhineland
                                                        Ardennes-Alsace
                                                        Central Europe

                                                        War on Terrorism
                                                        Campaigns to be determined

Company B (Alice), 1st Battalion, additionally entitled to:

                                                        World War II
                                                        India-Burma
                                                        Central Burma

Headquarters Company (McAllen), 3d Battalion, additionally entitled to:

                                                        World War II
                                                        New Guinea
                                                        Bismarck Archipelago (with arrowhead)
                                                        Leyte
                                                        Luzon
                                                        India-Burma
                                                        Central Burma


DECORATIONS

French Croix de Guerre with Palm, World War II, Streamer embroidered VOSGES

        Headquarters Company (San Antonio), 1st Battalion, additionally entitled to:

                        Meritorious Unit Commendation (Army), Streamer embroidered                                   EUROPEAN THEATER

Company A (San Antonio), 1st Battalion, additionally entitled to:

                        Presidential Unit Citation (Army), Streamer embroidered RIVIERA

  BY ORDER OF THE SECRETARY OF THE ARMY: 

 

 

ROBERT J. DALESSANDRO
Director, Center of Military History


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