CMH Home
CMH 		
      Home
Lineage And Honors Information

Lineage and Honors Information as of 6 February 2013

101st ENGINEER BATTALION
(EAST REGIMENT)

  • Organized 13 December 1636 in the Massachusetts Militia from existing train bands as the East Regiment
  • Redesignated 7 September 1643 as the Essex Regiment
  • Expanded 13 October 1680 to form the 1st (or South) and 2d (or North) Essex Regiments
  • Expanded 21 February 1689 to form the 1st (Lower), 2d (Upper), and 3d (Middle) Essex Regiments
  • Expanded by 1774 to form the 1st - 6th Essex Regiments
  • While remaining in Massachusetts service, additionally formed the following for Continental service:
  • Glover's Regiment authorized 23 April 1775 and organized at Marblehead; redesignated 1 January 1776 as the 14th Continental Regiment; disbanded 31 December 1776 in eastern Pennsylvania
  • Mansfield's Regiment authorized 23 April 1775 and organized at Cambridge; redesignated 1 January 1776 as the 27th Continental Regiment; redesignated 1 January 1777 as Putnam's Regiment; redesignated 1 August 1779 as the 5th Massachusetts Regiment; disbanded 15 November 1783
  • Little's Regiment authorized 23 April 1775 and organized at Cambridge; redesignated 1 January 1776 as the 12th Continental Regiment; disbanded in February 1777 at Morristown, New Jersey, and Peekskill, New York
  • Frye's Regiment authorized 23 April 1775 and organized at Cambridge; disbanded 31 December 1775 at Cambridge
  • Lee's Additional Continental Regiment (authorized 12 January 1777 and organized at Cambridge; consolidated 9 April 1779 with Henry Jackson's Additional Continental Regiment [authorized 12 January 1777 and organized at Boston from elements of the Boston Regiment and the Independent Company of Cadets] and Henley's Additional Regiment [authorized 12 January 1777 and organized at Boston] and consolidated unit designated as Henry Jackson's Additional Continental Regiment); redesignated
  • 24 July 1780 as the 16th Massachusetts Regiment; disbanded 1 January 1781 at New Windsor, New York
  • Reorganized 19 February 1776 as the Essex County Brigade to consist of eight regiments
  • Essex County Brigade reorganized and redesignated 29 November 1785 as the 2d Division, to consist of the 1st and 2d Brigades
  • (1st and 2d Regiments, 1st Brigade, and 6th Regiment, 2d Brigade in Federal service September-October 1814)
  • 2d Division reorganized 1 July 1834 to consist of the 1st Brigade (Regiment of Light Infantry), the Regiment [later Battalion] of Artillery, and the 1st, 2d, and 3d Regiments, and the 2d Brigade (Regiment of Light Infantry, Battalion of Artillery, and the 1st, 2d, and 3d Regiments)
  • Regiments of Light Infantry, 1st and 2d Brigades, reorganized 17 April 1840 in the Massachusetts Volunteer Militia as the 6th and 7th Regiments of Light Infantry; Battalions of Artillery, 1st and 2d Brigades, concurrently reorganized in the Massachusetts Volunteer Militia as the 4th and 5th Battalions of Artillery (Standing Militia elements of the 2d Division concurrently disbanded)
  • 4th and 5th Battalions of Artillery consolidated 25 April 1842 to form the 2d Regiment of Artillery; reorganized and redesignated 2 July 1851 as the 1st Battalion of Artillery
  • 7th Regiment of Light Infantry reorganized and redesignated in 1845 as the 4th Battalion of Light Infantry; disbanded 11 September 1846; reorganized in 1851 in the Massachusetts Volunteer Militia as the 7th Regiment of Light Infantry
  • 1st Battalion of Artillery and the 6th and 7th Regiments of Light Infantry consolidated 26 February 1855 to form the 7th and 8th Regiments of Infantry
  • After 26 February 1855 the above units underwent changes as follows:
  • 7th Regiment of Infantry mustered into Federal service 30 September 1862 at Boxford as the 50th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry Regiment; mustered out of Federal service 24 August 1863 at Boston
  • 8th Regiment of Infantry mustered into Federal service 30 April 1861 at Annapolis, Maryland, as the 8th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry Regiment; mustered out of Federal service 1 August 1861 at Boston
  • (While remaining in state service, the 8th Regiment of Infantry additionally formed the 19th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry Regiment; mustered into Federal service 28 August 1861 at Lynnfield; mustered out of Federal service 30 June 1865 at Bailey's Cross Roads, Virginia)
  • Mustered into Federal service 30 October 1862 at Wenham; mustered out of Federal service 7 August 1863 at Boston
  • Mustered into Federal service 26 July 1864 at Readville; mustered out of Federal service 10 November 1864 at Readville
  • Former 7th and 8th Regiments of Infantry reorganized 18 May 1866 in the Massachusetts Volunteer Militia as the 8th Regiment of Infantry
  • Expanded 14 July 1876 to form the 8th Regiment of Infantry and the 7th Battalion of Infantry
  • Consolidated 3 December 1878 to form the 8th Regiment of Infantry
  • Mustered into Federal service 11-14 May 1898 at Framingham as the 8th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry; mustered out of Federal service 28 April 1899 at Boston and reorganized as the 8th Regiment of Infantry
  • (Massachusetts Volunteer Militia redesignated 15 November 1907 as the Massachusetts National Guard)
  • Mustered into Federal service 25 June 1916 at Framingham; mustered out of Federal service 12-19 November 1916 at home stations
  • Called into Federal service 25 July 1917; drafted into Federal service 5 August 1917
  • Reorganized and redesignated 10 February 1918 as the 5th Pioneer Infantry
  • Demobilized 8 January 1919 at Camp Wadsworth, South Carolina
  • Reorganized 31 March 1920 in the Massachusetts National Guard as the 1st Regiment of Engineers and Train; Headquarters Federally recognized 11 April 1920 at Cambridge
  • Redesignated 1 September 1920 as the 1st Engineers
  • Redesignated 30 September 1921 as the 101st Engineers
  • Assigned 31 March 1923 to the 26th Division (later redesignated as the 26th Infantry Division)
  • Inducted into Federal service 16 January 1941 at home stations
  • Regiment broken up 12 February 1942 and its elements reorganized and redesignated as follows:
  • Regiment (less 1st Battalion, Band, and Headquarters and Headquarters Detachment, 2d Battalion) as the 101st Engineer Battalion
  • (2d Battalion as the 1st Battalion, 134th Engineers-hereafter separate lineage)
  • (Band as the Band, Westover Field - hereafter separate lineage; Headquarters and Headquarters Detachment, 2d Battalion, disbanded)
  • 101st Engineer Battalion reorganized and redesignated 1 April 1942 as the 101st Engineer Combat Battalion
  • Inactivated 1 January 1946 at Camp Patrick Henry, Virginia
  • Reorganized and Federally recognized 20 January 1947 in the Massachusetts National Guard with Headquarters at Cambridge
  • (Location of Headquarters changed 28 February 1949 to Medford)
  • Reorganized and redesignated 1 February 1953 as the 101st Engineer Battalion
  • (Location of Headquarters changed 1 October 1973 to Reading; on 1 September 1996 to Lynn; on 1 June 1997 to Reading)
  • Reorganized 1 September 2006 to consist of the Headquarters Company and the Support Company (Companies A and C concurrently reorganized as the 182d Engineer Company and the 189th Engineer Detachment, respectively - hereafter separate lineages)
  • (Location of Headquarters changed 1 September 2008 to Methuen)
  • Ordered into active Federal service 11 June 2009 at home stations; released from active Federal service 15 July 2010 and reverted to state control

CAMPAIGN PARTICIPATION CREDIT

  • Revolutionary War
  • Lexington
  • Boston
  • Long Island
  • Trenton
  • Princeton
  • Saratoga
  • Monmouth
  • New York 1776
  • New Jersey 1777
  • New York 1777
  • Rhode Island 1777
  • Rhode Island 1778
  • Rhode Island 1779
  • New Jersey 1780
  • War of 1812
  • Massachusetts 1814
  • Civil War
  • Peninsula
  • Manassas
  • Antietam
  • Mississippi River
  • Fredericksburg
  • Chancellorsville
  • Gettysburg
  • Wilderness
  • Spotsylvania
  • Cold Harbor
  • Petersburg
  • Appomattox
  • Virginia 1861
  • North Carolina 1863
  • Virginia 1863
  • Virginia 1864
  • World War II
  • Guadalcanal
  • Northern France
  • Rhineland
  • Ardennes-Alsace
  • Central Europe
  • War on Terrorism
  •    Iraq:
  • Iraqi Sovereignty

Headquarters Company (Lawrence Light Guard-Methuen) additionally entitled to:

  • Civil War
  • Bull Run
  • North Carolina 1862
  • War with Spain
  • Puerto Rico
  • World War I
  • Meuse-Argonne
  • Alsace 1918
  • Lorraine 1918

DECORATIONS

  • Meritorious Unit Commendation (Army), Streamer embroidered IRAQ 2009-2010
  • Cited in the Order of the Day of the Belgian Army for action in the Ardennes
  • Headquarters Company (Lawrence Light Guard-Methuen) additionally entitled to:
  • French Croix de Guerre with Palm, World War I, Streamer embroidered MEUSE-ARGONNE

BY ORDER OF THE SECRETARY OF THE ARMY:

ROBERT J. DALESSANDRO
Director, Center of Military History


Return to Branch Index