World War II
Activated: 15 September 1942.
Overseas: 12 September 1944.
Campaigns: Rhineland, Central Europe.
Days of combat: 173.
Distinguished Unit Citations: 4.
Awards: DSC-8 ; DSM-1 ; SS-686; LM-15; SM-39 ; BSM-5,498 ; AM-91.
Maj. Gen. John B. Anderson (September 1942-4 January 1944)
Maj. Gen. Frank A. Keating (8 January 1944-February 1946)
Brig. Gen. Charles M. Busbee (February 1946 to inactivation).
Returned to U. S.: 11 March 1946.
Inactivated: 23 March 1946.
The 102d Infantry Division arrived at Cherbourg, France, 23 September 1944, and, after a short period of training near Valognes, moved to the German-Netherlands border. On 26 October, elements attached to other divisions entered combat and on 3 November the Division assumed responsibility for the sector from the Wurm River to Waurichen. A realinement of sectors and the return of elements placed the 102d in full control of its units for the first time, 24 November 1944, as it prepared for an attack to the Roer. The attack jumped off, 29 November, and carried the Division to the river through Welz, Flossdorf, and Linnich. After a period of aggressive patrolling along the Roer, 4-19 December, the Division took over the XIII Corps sector from the Wurm River, north of the village of Wurm, to Barmen on the south, and trained for river crossing. On 23 February 1945, the 102d attacked across the Roer, advanced toward Lovenich, bypassed Munchen-Gladbach, took Krefeld, 3 March, and reached the Rhine. During March the Division was on the defensive along the Rhine, its sector extending from Homburg south to Dusseldorf. Crossing the river in April, the Division attacked in the Wesergebirge, meeting stiff opposition. Wilsede and Hessisch-Oldendorf fell, 12 April 1945, and the 102d pushed on to the Elbe, meeting little resistance. Breitenfeld fell, 15 April, and the Division outposted the Elbe River, 48 miles from Berlin, its advance halted on orders. It patrolled and maintained defensive positions until the end of hostilities in Europe, then moved to Gotha for occupational duty.
Assignments in the ETO *
28 August 1944: Ninth Army, 12th Army Group.
5 September 1944: III Corps.
10 October 1944: XVI Corps.
3 November 1944: XIX Corps.
7 November 1944: XIII Corps.
20 December 1944: XIII Corps, Ninth Army (attached to the British 21st Army Group), 12th Army Group.
1 April 1945: XIII Corps (for administration), Ninth Army, but attached for operations to the Fifteenth Army.
4 April 1945: XIII Corps, Ninth Army, 12th Army Group.
Nickname: Ozark Division. Slogan: Distinction, valor, marksmanship. Shoulder patch: A golden "O", "Z" and an arc on a circular blue background. Publications: History of the 102d Infantry Division; by unit members; The Infantry Journal, Washington 6, D. C.; 1947. Pictorial Review; by unit members; Albert Love Enterprises, Atlanta 2, Ga. ; 1944. Historical Journal Special Troops, 102d Infantry Division; by unit members; The Steck Co., Austin, Tex.; 1946.
* See footnote, 1st Infantry Division.
[Nota Bene: These combat chronicles, current as of October 1948, are reproduced from The Army Almanac: A Book of Facts Concerning the Army of the United States, U.S. Government Printing Office, 1950, pp. 510-592.]