World War I
Activated: August 1917.
Overseas: October 1918.
Major Operations: Provided replacements for other units; saw no combat.
Brig. Gen. Wilber E. Wilder (25 August 1917)
Maj. Gen. Harry C. Hale (6 October 1917)
Brig. Gen. Wilber E. Wilder (26 November 1917)
Brig. Gen. Wilber E. Wilder (15 December 1917)
Maj. Gen. Harry C. Hale (1 March 1918)
Maj. Gen. Harry C. Hale (5 June 1918)
Maj. Gen. Harry C. Hale (21 July 1918)
Brig. Gen. Wilber E. Wilder (18 October 1918)
Maj. Gen. Harry C. Hale (31 October 1918).
Inactivated: January 1919.
World War II
Activated: 15 October 1942.
Overseas: 20 September 1944.
Campaigns: Rhineland, Ardennes-Alsace, Central Europe.
Days of combat: 170.
Distinguished Unit Citations: 7.
Awards: DSC-12 ; DSM-1 ; SS-555; LM-4; SM-27 ; BSM-2,962 ; AM-59.
Maj. Gen. John H. Hildring (October 1942-February 1943)
Maj. Gen. Stonewall Jackson (February-October 1943)
Maj. Gen. Robert B. McClure (October 1943-March 1944)
Maj. Gen. Roscoe B. Woodruff (March-June 1944)
Maj. Gen. Alexander R. Bolling (June 1944 to inactivation).
Returned to U. S.: 19 January 1946.
Inactivated: 21 January 1946.
The 84th Infantry Division arrived in England, 1 October 1944, and trained. It landed on Omaha Beach, 1-4 November 1944, and moved to the vicinity of Gulpen, Holland, 5-12 November. The Division entered combat, 18 November, with an attack on Geilenkirchen, Germany, as part of the larger offensive in the Roer Valley, north of Aachen. Taking Geilenkirchen, 19 November, the Division pushed forward to take Beeck and Lindern in the face of heavy enemy resistance, 29 November. After a short rest, the Division returned to the fight, taking Wurm and Mullendorf, 18 December, before moving to Belgium to help stem the German winter offensive. Battling in snow, sleet, and rain, the Division threw off German attacks, recaptured Verdenne, 24-28 December, took Beffe and Devantave, 4-6 January 1945, and seized Laroche, 11 January. By 16 January, the Bulge had been reduced. After a 5-day respite, the 84th resumed the offensive, taking Gouvy and Beho. On 7 February, the Division assumed responsibility for the Roer River zone, between Linnich and Himmerich, and trained for the river crossing. On 23 February 1945, the Division cut across the Roer, took Boisheim and Dulken, 1 March, crossed the Niers Canal on the 2d, took Krefeld, 3 March, and reached the Rhine by 5 March. The Division trained along the west bank of the river in March. After crossing the Rhine, 1 April, the Division drove from Lembeck toward Bielefeld in conjunction with the 5th Armored Division, crossing the Weser River to capture Hanover, 10 April. By 13 April, the Division had reached the Elbe, and halted its advance, patrolling along the river. The Russians were contacted at Balow, 2 May 1945. The Division remained on occupation duty in Germany after VEday, re-
turning to the United States in January 1946 for demobilization.
Assignments in the ETO *
10 September 1944: Ninth Army, ETOUSA.
21 September 1944: III Corps.
4 November 1944: XIX Corps, Ninth Army, 12th Army Group.
8 November 1944: XIII Corps.
11 November 1944: Ninth Army, 12th Army Group, but attached for operations to the British XXX Corps, British Second Army, British 21st Army Group.
23 November 1944: XIII Corps, Ninth Army, 12th Army Group.
20 December 1944: Ninth Army, 12th Army Group, but attached to the XVIII (Abn) Corps of First Army, itself attached to the British 21st Army Group.
20 December 1944: VII Corps.
22 December 1944: VII Corps, First Army (attached to British 21st Army Group), 12th Army Group.
18 January 1945: VII Corps, First Army, 12th Army Group.
23 January 1945: XVIII (Abn) Corps.
3 February 1945: XIII Corps, Ninth Army (attached to British 21st Army Group), 12th Army Group.
4 April 1945: XIII Corps, Ninth Army, 12th Army Group.
Nickname: Railsplitters. Shoulder patch: A white axe splitting a rail on a red disk. Association: 84th Infantry Division (Railsplitter) Society, Inc., P. O. Box 101, Springfield, Ill. (Lloyd L. Garner, executive secretary). Publications: 84th in the Battle of Germany; by Lt. Theodore Draper, unit historian; Viking Press, New York 17, N. Y. ; distributor, National Headquarters, Railsplitters Society; 1947. The 84th Division in the Battle of the Ardennes; December 1944-January 1945; Historical Section, 84th Infantry Division; 55 pp.
* See footnote, 1st Infantry Division.
[Nota Bene: These combat chronicles, current as of October 1948, are reproduced from The Army Almanac: A Book of Facts Concerning the Army of the United States, U.S. Government Printing Office, 1950, pp. 510-592.]