World War II
Activated: 15 July 1943.
Overseas: 6 January 1945.
Campaigns: North Apennines, Po Valley.
Awards: MH-1 ; DSC-3 ; DSM-1 ; SS-449 ; LM-7; SM-15 ; BSM-7,729.
Maj. Gen. Lloyd E. Jones (July 1943-November 1944)
Maj. Gen. George P. Hays (November 1944-15 November 1945)
Maj. Gen. Lester J. Whitlock (9 August 1948).
Returned to U. S.: 11 August 1945.
Inactivated: 30 November 1945.
Redesignated: 10th Infantry Division 10 June 1948.
Reactivated: 1 July 1948.
The 10th Mountain Division saw its first actual combat in Italy, although previously the 87th Mountain Infantry Regiment had participated in the assault landing on Kiska, 15-17 August 1943, only to find the island completely deserted by the Japanese. Elements of the Division began arriving in Italy in late December 1944, and after a brief training period entered combat, 8 January 1945, near Cutigliano and Orsigna. Preliminary defensive actions were followed, 19 February 1945, by a concerted attack on the Silla-Mount Belvedere sector, and the peak was cleared after several days of heavy fighting. In early March the Division fought its way north of Canolle, taking several more peaks, and moving to within 15 miles of Bologna. Maintaining defensive positions for the neat 3 weeks, the Division jumped off again in April, captured Mongiorgio, 20 April, and entered the Po Valley, seizing the strategic points, Pradalbino and Bomporto. The 10th crossed the Po River, 23 April, reached Verona, 25 April, and ran into heavy opposition at Torbole and Nago. After an amphibious crossing of Lake Garda, it secured Gargnano and Porto di Tremosine, 30 April, as German resistance in Italy ended. After the Germans surrender in Italy, 2 May 1945, the Division went on security duty, receiving the surrender of various German units and screening the areas of occupation.
Nickname: Mountain Division. Shoulder patch: Whitebordered blue powder keg on which are superimposed two crossed red bayonets. Association: 10th Mountain Division Alumni Association, Inc., c/o National Ski Patrol System, 415 Lexington Avenue, New York, N. Y. Publications: America's Ski Troopers, by Mr. Kenneth S. Templeton, editor; Manz Corp., Evanston, Ill.; 1945. History of the 10th Mountain Division; by unit members; Albert Love Enterprises, 1090 Capitol Avenue, Atlanta 2, Ga.;. 1947. Mountaineers; by Mr. Theodore Lockwood, editor; Artcraft Press, 1863 Arapahoe Street, Denver 2, Colo. : 1946. Pictorial History; by unit members; Albert Love Enterprises, 1090 Capitol Avenue, Atlanta 2, Ga.; 1944. Night Climb (Story of the Tenth Division) ; by Frank Harper; Longmans Green & Co., New York.
[Nota Bene: These combat chronicles, current as of October 1948, are reproduced from The Army Almanac: A Book of Facts Concerning the Army of the United States, U.S. Government Printing Office, 1950, pp. 510-592.]