World War II
Activated: 1 March 1942.
Overseas: 7 January 1944.
Campaigns: Northern France, Rhineland, Ardennes-Alsace, Central Europe.
Days of Combat: 172.
MH-2 ; DSC-8 ; DSM-1 ; SS-1,316 ; LM-18; SM-19 ; BSM-3,047 ; AM-81.
Maj. Gen. Lindsay McD. Silvester (1 March 1942-November 1944)
Maj. Gen. Robert W. Hasbrouck (November 1944-August 1945)
Brig. Gen. Truman E. Boudinot (September 1945 to inactivation).
Returned to U.S.: 8 October 1945.
Inactivated: 9 October 1945.
The Division landed on Omaha and Utah Beaches, 13-14 August 1944, and drove through Nogent-le-Rotrou in an attack on Chartres. The city fell on 18 August. From Chartres the Division advanced to capture Dreux, Melun, and Chateau-Thierry, crossed the Seine River, 24 August, and pushed on to take Verdun, 31 August. The 7th halted briefly for refueling and then drove on toward the Moselle near Dornot. The Division was repulsed in its attacks across the Seille River. The 7th then shifted to Holland, where on 8 October it joined in defensive operations protecting the British-Canadian drive to clear the northern and western approaches to Antwerp. After resting during November, the Division returned to the front near Linnich, Germany, on the banks of the Roer. It was preparing to drive into Germany when the Von Rundstedt winter offensive began on 16 December 1944. The Division was ordered to St. Vith where it absorbed much of the weight of the German drive and was forced to withdraw west of the Salm River, 23 December. It shifted to Manhay, Belgium, and by the end of December had cleared the town of the enemy. After a brief rest in January 1945, the Division returned to positions near St. Vith, attacked, and captured the town. February and part of March were spent in rest and rehabilitation. In March 1945 the Division held defensive positions along the west bank of the Rhine, south of Bonn to Unkelbach. The 7th returned to the offensive on 26 March, breaking out of the Remagen bridgehead, and took part in the reduction of the Ruhr Pocket. On 16 April the 53d German Panzer Corps surrendered to the Division and the eastern sector of the pocket collapsed. The Division then cut across the Elbe and swept north into Mecklenburg, effecting a junction with the Russians as the war in Europe ended.
Assignments in the ETO *
30 July 1944: First Army.
1 August 1944: First Army, 12th Army Group.
5 August 1944: Third Army, 12th Army Group.
10 August 1944: XX Corps.
25 September 1944: XIX Corps, First Army, 12th Army Group.
8 October 1944: Ninth Army, 12th Army Group, but attached to the British VIII Corps, British 21st Army Group.
9 November 1944: XIII Corps, Ninth Army, 12th Army Group.
16 December 1944: VIII Corps, First Army, 12th Army Group.
20 December 1944: XVIII (Abn) Corps, First Army (attached, same date, to British 21st Army Group), 12th Army Group.
18 January 1945: XVIII (Abn) Corps, First
Army, 12th Army Group.
29 January 1945: V Corps.
7 March 1945: III Corps.
19 April 1945: V Corps.
30 April 1945: XVIII (Abn) Corps.
Nickname: Lucky Seventh. Shoulder patch: Same as 1st Armored but with number "7" in upper portion of triangle. Association: 7th Armored Division Association, 2517 Connecticut Avenue NW, Washington 8, D. C. (Mr. John P. Oliver, executive secretary).
* See footnote, 1st Infantry Division.
[Nota Bene: These combat chronicles, current as of October 1948, are reproduced from The Army Almanac: A Book of Facts Concerning the Army of the United States, U.S. Government Printing Office, 1950, pp. 510-592.]