[8-3.1 CK 2]
INTEGRATION OF NEGRO AND WHITE TROOPS IN THE U.S. ARMY, EUROPE,
[ Note: This manuscript was prepared by historians assigned to the Headquarters of the United States Army, Europe in the mid-1950's. It was subsequently deposited at the Office of the Chief of Military History (OCMH; now US Army Center of Military History) for reference use by historians preparing the official history of the Army during the Cold War. It is typical of the kinds of detailed studies routinely carried out by the Europe-based historians during this era. The original is on file in the Historical Manuscripts Collection (HMC) under file number 8-3.1 CK 2, which should be cited in footnotes, along with the title. It is reproduced here with only those limited modifications required to adapt to the World Wide Web; spelling, punctuation, and slang usage have not been altered from the original. Where modern explanatory notes were required, they have been inserted as italicized text in square brackets. This item originally carried a CONFIDENTIAL security classification, but is now unclassified; all references to that past classification have been omitted. ]
INTEGRATION OF NEGRO AND WHITE TROOPS
IN THE U.S. ARMY, EUROPE
UNITED STATES ARMY, EUROPE
The first monograph on the utilization of Negro personnel in the European Command was presented
in a study in the Occupation Forces in Europe Series entitled, "Negro Personnel in the European Command, 1 January 1946-30 June
1950." The current study on the integration of Negro and white troops in Europe forms a companion piece to the first study by
covering the evolution of Army policy that ultimately led to integration.
The purpose of this study is to describe the motivations for integration, as well as the planning, execution, and operation of the program. An evaluation of the accomplishments of integration in the U.S. Army, Europe, forms the last part.
The author, Mr. Ronald Sher, with the assistance of Maj. R. A. Gugeler and Sp3 R. Gumerove, all of the Current History Branch, USAREUR Historical Division, conducted research in the files of headquarters in USAREUR, Seventh Army, and V Corps. Personnel intimately connected with the integration program at these headquarters and at unit level were interviewed.
Recent monographs and special studies published by the USAREUR Historical Division are listed on the inside cover opposite the title page. A limited number of these publications is available for distribution upon request to the Chief, Historical Division, USAREUR, APO 164.
s/Edward B. James
EDWARD B. JAMES
Chief, Historical Division