Draft as of 22 February 1997







Adams, W. I. Lincoln. Cannon and Camera (War with Spain). New York: D. Appleton and Co., 1898.

Agnew, James B. "Carromatos and Quinine: Private Longden and the Medical Corps of 1898." Military Review, 59 (July 1979), pp. 11-21.

Alger, R[ussell] A[lexander]. The Spanish-American War. New York: Harper & Brothers, 1901.

-----. "The Food of the Army during the Spanish War." North American Review, 172 (January 1901), pp. 39-58.

Allen, Douglas. Frederick Remington and the Spanish-American War. New York: Crown Publishers, 1971.

Alonso Baquer, Miguel. "La Guerra Hispano-americana de 1898 y sus efectos sobree las Instituciones militares españolas." Revista de Historia Militar, 27 (#54, 1983), pp. 127-151.

Anonymous. Harper's Pictorial History of the War with Spain. 2 vols. New York: Harper and Brothers, 1899.

Avery, Charles G. "Glimpses of the Spanish-American War." Colorado Magazine, (July 1962), pp. .

Ballard, Larry A. "Camp Russell A. Alger, Virginia: 1898." Northern Virginia Heritage, 5 (June 1983), pp. 3-6, 19-20.

Beede, Benjamin, editor. The War of 1898 and U.S. Interventions, 1898-1934: An Encyclopedia. New York: Garland, 1994.

Bradford, James C., editor. Crucible of Empire: The Spanish-American War and Its Aftermath. Annapolis: Naval Institute Press, 1993.

Brown, Charles H. The Correspondent's Wars. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1967.

Camp, Paul Eugene. "Army Life in Tampa during the Spanish-American War: A Photographic Essay." Tampa Bay History, 9 (Fall/Winter 1987), pp. 17-28.

Carlson, Paul H. "Pecos Bill": A Military Biography of William R. Shafter. College Station: Texas A&M University Press, 1989.

Chadwick, French Ensor. The Relations of the United States to Spain: The Spanish-American War. 2 vols. New York: 1911.

Challener, Richard D. Admirals, Generals, and American Foreign Policy, 1898-1917. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1973.

Chapman, Gregory Dean. "Army Life at Camp Thomas, Georgia, during the Spanish-American War." Georgia Historical Quarterly, 70 (Winter 1986), pp. 633-656.

Cosmas, Graham A. An Army for Empire: The United States Army in the Spanish-American War. Columbia: University of Missouri Press, 1971.

-----. "From Order to Chaos: The War Department, the National Guard, and Military Policy, 1898." Military Affairs, 29 (Fall 1965), pp. 105-121.

Dawes, Chester G. A Journal of the McKinley Years. Edited by Bascom N. Timmons. Chicago: 1950.

De Bevoise, Ken. "The Compromised Host: The Epidemiological Context of the Philippine-American War." Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Oregon, 1986.

Duncan, George B. "Reasons for Increasing the Regular Army." North American Review, 166 (April 1898), pp. 448-459.

Dunham, Carroll. "Medical and Sanitary Aspects of the War." Review of Reviews, 18 (October 1898), pp. 415-427.

Fletcher, Marvin. "The Black Volunteers In The Spanish-American War." Military Affairs, 38 (April 1974), pp. 48-53.

Freidel, Frank Burt. The Splendid Little War. Boston: Little, Brown, 1958.

-----. "Dissent in the Spanish-American War and the Philippine Insurrection." Massachusetts Historical Society Proceedings, 81 (1969), pp. 167-184.

Hilton, Sylvia L. "The Spanish-American War of 1898: Queries into the Relationship between the Press, Public Opinion, and Politics." Revista Española de Estudios Norteamericanos, 7 (1994), pp. 71-88.

Keuchel, Edward F. "Chemicals and Meat: The Embalmed Beef Scandal of the Spanish-American War." Bulletin of the History of Medicine, 48 (Summer 1974), pp. 249-264.

Latshaw, George William. "Military Medical Service during and Immediately after the Spanish-American War, 1898-1901." Master's Thesis, University of Wisconsin, 1958.

Leffler, John Joseph. "From the Shadows into the Sun: Americans in the Spanish-American War." Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Texas, Austin, 1991.

-----. "The Paradox of Patriotism: Texans in the Spanish-American War." Hayes Historical Journal, 8 (Spring 1989), pp. 24-48.

Linderman, Gerald F. The Mirror of War: American Society and the Spanish-American War. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1974.

Lodge, Henry C. The War with Spain. New York: Harper and Brothers, 1899.

Low, A. Maurice. "Amateurs in War." The Forum, 26 (October 1898), pp. 157-166.

Lynk, Miles V. The Black Troopers, or, The Daring Heroism of the Negro Soldiers in the Spanish-American War. Jackson, Tenn.: 1899.

McGinty, Patrick Eugene. "Intelligence and the Spanish-American War." Ph.D. Dissertation, Georgetown University, 1983.

Mason, Gregory. Remember the Maine. New York: Henry Holt and Co., 1939.

Medel, Jose A. Spanish-American War and Its Results. Havana: P. Fernandez and Co., 1932.

Miles, Nelson A. "The War with Spain." North American Review, 168 (May, June 1899), pp. 513-529, 749-760; 169 (July 1899), pp. 125-137.

Millis, Walter. The Martial Spirit: A Study of Our War with Spain. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Co., 1931.

Morgan, Howard W. America's Road to Empire: The War With Spain and Overseas Expansion. New York: Wiley, 1965.

Mormino, Gary R. "Tampa's Splendid Little War: A Photo Essay." Tampa Bay History, 4 (Fall/Winter 1982), pp. .

Olcott, Charles S. The Life of William McKinley. 2 vols. Boston: 1916.

O'Toole, G. J. A. The Spanish War: An American Epic--1898. New York: Norton, 1984.

Parker, John H. "Some Lessons of the War from an Officer's Standpoint." Review of Reviews 18 (October 1898), pp. 427-431.

-----. "Our Army Supply Departments and the Need of a General Staff." Review of Reviews 18 (December 1898), pp. 686-695.

Peake, Louis A. "Andrew Summers Rowan and the Message From Garcia." West Virginia History, 44 (Spring 1983), pp. 227-240.

Peterson, Clarence Stewart. Known Military Dead During the Spanish-American War and the Philippines Insurrection, 1898-1901. 2 vols. Baltimore: Privately printed, 1958-.

Quint, Howard H. "American Socialists and the Spanish-American War." American Quarterly, (Summer 1958), pp. .

Ranson, E. "British Military and Naval Observers in the Spanish-American War." Journal of American Studies, 3 (July 1969), pp. 33-56.

Reid, Jasper B., Jr. "Russell A. Alger as Secretary of War." Michigan History, (June 1959), pp. .

Rogers, W. A. "Camp Wykoff." Harper's Weekly, 42 (September 10, 1898), pp. 890-893.

Schillings, William J. "The Advent of the Spanish-American War in Florida, 1898." Florida Historical Quarterly, (April 1961), pp. .

Smith, Joseph. The Spanish-American War: Conflict in the Caribbean and the Pacific, 1895-1902. London: Longman, 1995.

Smythe, Donald. "Pershing in the Spanish-American War." Military Affairs, 30 (Spring 1966), pp. 25-33.

Tanham, George J. "Service Relations Sixty Years Ago." Military Affairs, 23 (Fall 1995), pp. 139-148.

Thomas, Donna. "'Camp Hell': Miami During the Spanish-American War." Florida Historical Quarterly, 57 (October 1978), pp. 141-156.

Titherington, Richard H. A History of the Spanish-American War. New York: D. Appleton and Co., 1900.

Trask, David M. The War with Spain in 1898. New York: Macmillan Co., 1981.

Ullman, Bruce L. "The War Balloon Santiago." Aerospace Historian, 32 (Summer 1985), pp. .

White, William Allen. "When Johnny Went Marching Out." McClure's Magazine, 11 (June 1898), pp. 198-205.

Wilcox, Marrion. A Short History of the War with Spain. New York: F. A. Stokes Co., 1898.

Williams, Leonard. "The Army of Spain: Its Present Qualities and Modern Virtues." United Service Magazine. Reprinted in Journal of the Military Service Institution of the United States, 21 (September 1897), pp. 349-353.

Wilson, James Harrison. Under the Old Flag: Recollections of Military Operations in the War for the Union, the Spanish War, the Boxer Rebellion, etc. 2 vols. New York: 1912.

Woodford, S. L., editor. The Spanish American War: A History of War Leaderws. Norwich: C. C. Haskell and Son, 1899.



U.S. Congress. Senate. Report of the Commission Appointed by the President to Investigate the Conduct of the War Department in the War with Spain. 8 vols. Senate Document 221, 56th Congress, 1st Session, 1900. [Dodge Commission]



William L. Clements Library, University of Michigan. (Ann Arbor)

Alger, Russell Alexander. Papers.

Hecker, Frank J. Papers.

Library of Congress. (Washington)

Bliss, Tasker H. Papers.

Church, William Conant. Papers.

Corbin, Henry Clark. Papers.

Gage, Lyman J. Papers.

McKinley, William. Papers.

Roosevelt, Theodore. Papers.

Schofield, John M. Papers.

Scott, Hugh L. Papers.

Wilson, James Harrison. Papers.

Wood, Leonard. Papers.

Michigan Historical Collections. (Ann Arbor)

Osborn, Chase S. Papers.

Withington, William H. Papers.

National Archives and Records Administration. (Washington)

Record Group 92: Records of the Quartermaster General

Record Group 94: Records of the Adjutant General's Office.

Record Group 225: Records of the Joint Army-Navy Board.

Stanford University. (Stanford, California)

Shafter, William Rufus. Papers.