84th INFANTRY DIVISION

 

"Railsplitter Division"

"Lincoln Division"

 

During World War I the 84th Division was referred to as the "Lincoln" division because it was primarily made up of National Guard [i.e., National Army] units from Illinois, Kentucky, and Indiana--the Lincoln states. Its original insignia was a red ax on a white background within a red circle, with the name "Lincoln" above the ax and the number "84" below it. The present insignia consists of a white ax splitting a white rail on a red circular background. Both insignias recall President Lincoln's youthful use of the ax. With the addition of a split rail, the division adopted the new nickname of "Railsplitters".

 

[page 301]

COMMAND AND STAFF

 

Commanding General

1 Oct 44 Brig. Gen. Alexander R. Bolling
3 Jan 45 Maj. Gen. Alexander R. Bolling

Assistant Division Commander

1 Oct 44 Brig. Gen. John H. Church

Artillery Commander

1Oct 44 Col. Charles J. Barrett
21 Mar 45 Brig. Gen. Charles J. Barrett

Chief of Staff

1 Oct 44 Col. L. W. Truman

Assistant Chief of Staff G-1

1 Oct 44 Lt. Col. Joseph E. Williams
17 Dec 44 Maj. Hilmar A. Pressler
16 Feb 45 Lt. Col. Hilmar A. Pressler

Assistant Chief of Staff G-2

1 Oct 44 Lt. Col. Donald W. Coons

Assistant Chief of Staff G-3

1 Oct 44 Lt. Col. Ole W. Danielson
1 May 45 Lt. Col. James E. Channon

Assistant Chief of Staff G-4

1 Oct 44 Lt. Col. James E. Channon
1 May 45 Lt. Col. Ole W. Danielson

Assistant Chief of Staff G-5

31 Dec 44 Maj. Tazewell Taylor, Jr.
12 Mar 45 Capt. Frank E. Green
1 Apr 45 Maj. Frank E. Green

Adjutant General

1 Oct 44 Lt. Col. Bertie E. Craig

Commanding Officer, 333d Infantry

1 Oct 44 Col. Timothy A. Pedley, Jr.
5 Mar 45 Lt. Col. Lloyd H. Gomes

Commanding Officer, 334th Infantry

1 Oct 44 Col. John S. Roosma
30 Dec 44 Lt. Col. Charles E. Hoy
9 Jan 45 Lt. Col. Lloyd H. Gomes
2 Feb 45 Col. Charles E. Hoy

Commanding Officer, 335th Infantry

1 Oct 44 Col. Hugh C. Parker

 

[page 302]

 

STATISTICS

 

Chronology

Activated 15 October 1942
Arrived ETO 1 October 1944
Arrived Continent (D+158) 1 November 1944
Entered Combat--First Elements 9 November 1944
Entered Combat--Entire Division 18 November 1944
Days in Combat 152

 

Casualties (Tentative)

Killed 1,235
Wounded 4,486
Missing 416
Captured 424
Battle Casualties 6,561
Non-Battle Casualties 3,250
Total Casualties 9,811
Percent of T/O Strength 69.6

 

Campaigns

Ardennes

Rhineland

Central Europe

 

Individual Awards

Distinguished Service Cross 18
Legion of Merit 4
Silver Star 598
Soldiers Medal 40
Bronze Star 3,416
Air Medal 59

 

Prisoners of War Taken 70,109

 

COMPOSITION

333d Infantry

334th Infantry

335th Infantry

84th Reconnaissance Troop (Mechanized)

309th Engineer Combat Battalion

309th Medical Battalion

84th Division Artillery

325th Field Artillery Battalion (105mm Howitzer)

326th Field Artillery Battalion (105mm Howitzer)

909th Field Artillery Battalion (105mm Howitzer)

327th Field Artillery Battalion (155mm Howitzer)

Special Troops

784th Ordnance Light Maintenance Company

84th Quartermaster Company

84th Signal Company

Military Police Platoon

Headquarters Company

Band

 

[page 303]

 

ATTACHMENTS

 

Antiaircraft Artillery

473d AAA AW Bn (SP) (-) 1 Dec 44-10 Dec 44
Btry B, 473d AAA AW Bn (SP) 1 Dec 44-18 Dec 44
Btry A, 473d AAA AW Bn (SP) 1 Dec 44-20 Dec 44
557th AAA AW Bn (Mbl) 1 Dec 44-27 Jan 44 [i.e., 45]
557th AAA AW Bn (Mbl) 2 Feb 45-9 May 44 [i.e., 45]

Armored

Br Sherwood Rangers Armd Regt 10 Nov 44-24 Nov 44
1 Sq, Br 1st Engr Assault Brig (Br 79th Armd Div) 12 Nov 44-24 Nov 44
Sq B, Br 1st Lothians & Border Yeo (Br 79th Armd Div) 12 Nov 44-24 Nov 44
Co A, 771st Tk Bn 19 Nov 44-20 Dec 44
17th Tk Bn (7th Armd Div) 21 Nov 44-27 Nov 44
40th Tk Bn (- Cos B&D) (7th Armd Div) 3 Dec 44-6 Dec 44
17th Tk Bn (7th Armd Div) 9 Dec 44-16 Dec 44
701st Tk Bn 10 Dec 44-20 Dec 44
771st Tk Bn 20 Dec 44-22 Mar 45
Task Force Dean (3d Armd Div) 23 Dec 44-22 Jan 45
2d Bn, 32d Armd Regt (3d Armd Div) 23 Dec 44-22 Jan 45
3d Bn, 36th Armd Inf (- Co I) (3d Armd Div) 23 Dec 44-22 Jan 45
Task Force Richardson (3d Armd Div) 1 Jan 45-23 Jan 45
3d Bn, 32d Armd Regt (3d Armd Div) 1 Jan 45-23 Jan 45
1 plat, Co A, 23d Armd Engr Bn (3d Armd Div) 1 Jan 45-23 Jan 45
1 plat, Co A, 703d TD Bn (SP) 1 Jan 45-23 Jan 45
771st Tk Bn 2 Apr 45-30 Jun 45

Cavalry

113th Cav Gp 25 Nov 44-20 Dec 44
4th Cav Gp 2 Jan 45-15 Jan 45
Tr C, 36th Cav Rcn Sq 6 Feb 45-23 Feb 45
11th Cav Gp 27 Feb 45-7 Mar 45

Chemical

Co C, 92d Cml Mort Bn 25 Nov 44-19 Dec 44
Co D, 87th Cml Mort Bn 25 Dec 44-24 Jan 45
Co A, 87th Cml Mort Bn 25 Dec 44-24 Jan 45
Co D, 87th Cml Mort Bn 27 Jan 45-2 Feb 45
Co C, 3d Cml Mort Bn 22 Mar 45-14 Apr 45
Co B, 3d Cml Mort Bn 30 Mar 45-14 Apr 45
3d Cml Mort Bn 19 Apr 45-3 May 45

Engineer

171st Engr C Bn 11 Nov 44-24 Nov 44
1st Plat, Co A, 327th Engr C Bn (102d Div) 19 Nov 44-28 Nov 44
1st Plat, 989th Engr Treadway Br Co 6 Apr 45

Field Artillery

753d FA Bn (155mm How) 12 Nov 44-23 Nov 44
Sq A, Fr 141st Regt d'Artillerie Coloniale 12 Nov 44-24 Nov 44
692d FA Bn (105mm How) 12 Nov 44-20 Dec 44
379th FA Bn (102d Div) (105mm How) 19 Nov 44-2 Dec 44
691st FA Bn (105mm How) 23 Nov 44-20 Dec 44
Btry B, 557th FA Bn (155mm Gun) 1 Dec 44-20 Dec 44
193d FA Bn (105mm How) 24 Dec 44-12 Jan 45
18th FA Bn (105mm How) 12 Jan 45-17 Jan 45
83d Div Arty 21 Jan 45-27 Jan 45
730th FA Bn (75th Div) (155mm How) 25 Jan 45-26 Jan 45
280th FA Bn (105mm How) 6 Feb 45-12 Mar 45
95th Div Arty 8 Feb 45-2 Mar 45
280th FA Bn (105mm How) 2 Apr 45-29 Apr 45

Infantry

3d Bn, 405th Inf (102d Div) 19 Nov 44-27 Nov 44
405th CT (- 3d Bn) (102d Div) 19 Nov 44-3 Dec 44
Co C, 38th Armd Inf Bn (7th Armd Div) 3 Dec 44-6 Dec 44
1st Bn, 330th Inf (83d Div) 26 Dec 44-1 Jan 45
290th Inf (75th Div) 2 Jan 45-16 Jan 45
329th CT (83d Div) 21 Jan 45-22 Jan 45

Tank Destroyer

Br 198th Btry, 73d AT Regt 13 Nov 44-23 Nov 44
638th TD Bn (SP) 1 Dec 44-22 Jun 45
605th TD Bn (T) 2 Mar 45-7 Mar 45

 

[pages 304-305]

 

DETACHMENTS

(Attached to)

 

Field Artillery

909th FA Bn 35th Div 11 Nov 44-26 Nov 44

Infantry

335th Inf 30th Div 11 Nov 44-22 Nov 44
335th CT 2d Armd Div 22 Nov 44-24 Nov 44
335th CT 102d Div 24 Nov 44-27 Nov 44
3d Bn, 335th Inf 2d Armd Div 1 Jan 45-10 Jan 45
1st & 2d Bns, 335th Inf 2d Armd Div 1 Jan 45-11 Jan 45
1st & 2d Bns, 333d Inf 2d Armd Div 10 Jan 45-16 Jan 45
3d Bn, 333d Inf 2d Armd Div 10 Jan 45-17 Jan 45
335th Inf 3d Armd Div 18 Jan 45-21 Jan 45
Co G, 335th Inf XIII Corps 21 Mar 45-27 Mar 45
1st Bn, 334th Inf 5th Armd Div 13 Apr 45-16 Apr 45
1st Bn, 335th Inf 5th Armd Div 17 Apr 45-18 Apr 45
2d Bn, 335th Inf 102d Div 18 Apr 45-23 Apr 45

 

[pages 305-306]

 

ASSIGNMENT AND ATTACHMENT TO HIGHER UNITS

 

DATE CORPS ARMY ARMY GROUP
Assigned Attached Assigned Attached
10 Sep 44   Ninth   ETOUSA  
21 Sep 44 III Ninth      
1 Oct 44   (-)      
4 Nov 44 XIX Ninth   12th  
8 Nov 44 XIII Ninth   12th  
11 Nov 44 30th Br (Opns) Ninth Second Br (Opns) 12th Br 21st
23 Nov 44 XIII Ninth (-) 12th (-)
20 Dec 44 XVIII Abn Ninth First 12th Br 21st
20 Dec 44 VII Ninth First 12th Br 21st
22 Dec 44 VII First   12th Br 21st
18 Jan 45 VII First   12th (-)
23 Jan 45 XVIII Abn First   12th  
3 Feb 45 XIII Ninth   12th Br 21st
1 Apr 45 XIII Ninth   12th Br 21st
4 Apr 45 XIII Ninth   12th (-)

 

Although Tp Asgmt list, FUSA, No. 151 states 84th Inf Div was atchd VII Corps eff 20 Dec 44 the operational atchmt to XVIII Abn made VOCG FUSA 20 Dec 44 remained to 22 Dec 44 pending arrival VII Corps in area. Opns Memo No 136, Hq VII Corps, dtd 24 Dec 44 states 84th Inf Div atchd VII eff 221200 A Dec 44.

 

(-) Indicates relieved from assignment.

 

[page 307]

 

COMMAND POSTS

 

DATE TOWN REGION COUNTRY
1 Oct 44 Winchester Hampshire England
1 Nov 44 Omaha Beach Calvados France
4 Nov 44 Colleville Manche France
10 Nov 44 Gulpen Limburg Netherlands
16 Nov 44 Eygelshoven Limburg Netherlands
23 Nov 44 Palenberg Rhineland Germany
21 Dec 44 Marche Luxembourg Belgium
23 Dec 44 Baillonville Luxembourg Belgium
2 Jan 45 Barvaux Luxembourg Belgium
11 Jan 45 Blier Luxembourg Belgium
21 Jan 45 Ottre Luxembourg Belgium
27 Jan 45 Harze Luxembourg Belgium
3 Feb 45 Waubach Limburg Netherlands
9 Feb 45 Lindern Rhineland Germany
1 Mar 45 Wegburg Rhineland Germany
4 Mar 45 Dulken Rhineland Germany
5 Mar 45 Krefeld Rhineland Germany
2 Apr 45 Lembeck Westphalia Germany
4 Apr 45 Appelhulsen Westphalia Germany
5 Apr 45 Warendorf Westphalia Germany
6 Apr 45 Herford Westphalia Germany
8 Apr 45 Lerbeck Westphalia Germany
9 Apr 45 Bad Nenndorf Westphalia Germany
11 Apr 45 Hannover Hannover Germany
12 Apr 45 Burgdorf Hannover Germany
14 Apr 45 Beetzendorf Hannover Germany
15 Apr 45 Arendsee Magdeburg Germany
17 Apr 45 Priemern Magdeburg Germany
5 May 45 Salzwedel Magdeburg Germany

 

[pages 308 (through 8 Apr 45)-309]