83rd INFANTRY DIVISION

"Thunderbolt Division"

"Ohio Division"

The 83rd Division insignia consists of a monogrammatic design in gold spelling out the word "O-H-I-O" on a black triangular background. The insignia was selected during World War I because the division contained mostly Ohio draftees. Even though the division changed from an Ohio outfit to one representing the 48 States, the insignia still remains; however, a new nickname "Thunderbolt", was selected while the division was holding on the Rhine opposite Dusseldorf.

[page 289]

 

COMMAND AND STAFF

Commanding General
 
19 Apr 1944 Brig Gen Robert C Macon
1 Jun 1944 Maj Gen Robert C Macon
 

Assistant Div Commdr
 
19 Apr 1944 Col Claude B Ferenbaugh
27 May 1944 Brig Gen Claude B Ferenbaugh
 

Arty Comdr
 
19 Apr 1944 Brig Gen Robert M Montague
 

CofS
 
19 Apr 1944 Col Samuel V Krauthoff
1 Feb 1945 Lt Col Shelly G Hughes (Actg)
6 Feb 1945 Col Conrad L Boyle (Actg)
10 Feb 1945 Col Conrad L Boyle
 

ACofS G-1
 
19 Apr 1944 Maj Alan F S Mackenzie
15 Jun 1944 Lt Col Alan F S Mackenzie
8 May 1945 Lt Col Robert G Harrell
 

ACofS G-2
 
19 Apr 1944 Lt Col Jules H Deshotels Jr
 

ACofS G-3
 
19 Apr 1944 Maj Robert T Hering
15 Jun 1944 Lt Col Robert T Hering
9 Jul 1944 Col Conrad L Boyle (Actg)
10 Feb 1945 Lt Col Robert W Duke
 

ACofS G-4
 
19 Apr 1944 Lt Col Shelly G Hughes
 

ACofS G-5
 
15 May 1944 Maj James C Hanrahan
1 Dec 1944 Lt Col James C Hanrahan
 

Adj Gen
 
1 Apr 1944 Lt Col Robert G Harrell
8 May 1945 Maj Norman P Cowden
 

CO 329th Inf
 
19 Apr 1944 Col Edwin B Crabill
 

CO 330th Inf
 
19 Apr 1944 Col Ernest L McLendon
13 Jul 1944 Col Robert T Foster
12 Dec 1944 Col Russell F Walthour
22 Dec 1944 Col Robert T Foster
 

CO 331st Inf
 
19 Apr 1944 Col Martin D Barndollar Jr
4 Jul 1944 Lt Col William E Long
7 Jul 1944 Col John C Whitcomb
10 Jul 1944 Col James D Bender
11 Jul 1944 Col Robert T Foster
13 Jul 1944 Col Robert H York
21 Dec 1944 Lt Col William E Long
22 Dec 1944 Col Russell F Walthour
20 Jan 1945 Col Robert H York
2 May 1945 Lt Col Henry Nielsen
[page 290]

 

STATISTICS

Chronology
 
Activated
15 Aug 42
Arrived ETO
19 Apr 44
Arrived Continent (D/13)
19 Jun 44
Entered Combat
27 Jun 44
Days in Combat
244
 

Casualties (Tentative)
 
Killed
2,735
Wounded
11,678
Missing
547
Captured
288
Battle Casualties
15,248
Non-Battle Casualties
8,732
Total Casualties
23,980
Percent of T/O Strength
170.2
 

Campaigns

Normandy

Northern France

Ardennes

Rhineland

Central Europe

 

Individual Awards
 
DSC
3
Legion of Merit
1
Silver Star
653
Soldiers Medal
24
Bronze Star
5,078
Air Medal
107
 

PW's Taken 93,200
 

COMPOSITION

ORGANIC UNITS

329th Infantry

330th Infantry

331st Infantry

83rd Reconnaissance Troop (Mecz)

308th Engineer Combat Battalion

308th Medical Battalion
 

83rd Division Artillery

322nd Field Artillery Battalion (105 Howitzer)

323rd Field Artillery Battalion (105 Howitzer)

908th Field Artillery Battalion (105 Howitzer)

324th Field Artillery Battalion (105 Howitzer)
 

Special Troops

783rd Ordnance Light Maintenance Company

83rd Quartermaster Company

83rd Signal Company

Military Police Platoon

Headquarters Company

Band

[page 291]

 

ATTACHMENTS

Antiaircraft Artillery
 
453rd AAA AW Bn (Mbl) 1 Jul 44-still atchd 9 May 45
473rd AAA AW Bn (SP) 22 Aug 44-17 Sep 44
Btry A 226th AAA SL Bn 3 Mar 45-9 Mar 45
3 secs Btry A 226th AAA SL Bn 3 Mar 45-9 Mar 45
6 secs Btry A 226th AAA SL Bn 10 Mar 45-12 Mar 45
1 plat BtryA 226th AAA SL Bn 13 Mar 45-13 Mar 45
1 plat (-3 SLs) Btry A 226th AAA SL Bn 14 Mar 45-20 Mar 45
 

Armored
 
1st Bn 66th Armd Regt (2nd Armd Div) 28 Jun 44-5 Jul 44
746th Tk Bn 5 Jul 44-16 Jul 44
70th Tk Bn 17 Jul 44-18 Jul 44
Co C 749th Tk Bn 20 Jul 44-29 Jul 44
Co A 709th Tk Bn 6 Aug 44-16 Aug 44
Co C 709th Tk Bn 12 Aug 44-16 Aug 44
1 plat 709th Tk Bn 13 Aug 44-16 Aug 44
774th Tk Bn 28 Aug 44-24 Dec 44
774th Tk Bn 26 Jan 45-3 Feb 45
736th Tk Bn (-Co C) 6 Feb 45-9 May 45
Co C 736th Tk Bn 28 Mar 45-9 May 45
CC R (2nd Armd Div) 14 Apr 45-19 Apr 45
3rd Bn 67th Armd Regt (2nd Armd Div) 19 Apr 45-30 Apr 45
 

Cavalry
 
106th Cav Rcn Sq 16 Jul 44-28 Jul 44
24th Cav Rcn Sq 18 Jul 44-19 Jul 44
Task Force A (15th Cav Gp) 3 Aug 44-5 Aug 44
Task Force Polk 23 Sep 44-11 Oct 44
Hq & Hq Tr 3rd Cav Gp 23 Sep 44-11 Oct 44
3rd Cav Rcn Sq (-1 det) 23 Sep 44-11 Oct 44
43rd Cav Rcn Sq 23 Sep 44-11 Oct 44
dets 6th Cav Gp 23 Sep 44-11 Oct 44
135th Engr C Bn  23 Sep 44-11 Oct 44
dets Fr 1st Regt of Paris 23 Sep 44-11 Oct 44
32nd Cav Rcn Sq 9 Nov 44-11 Nov 44
Task Force Polk 9 Nov 44-11 Nov 44
3rd Cav Gp 9 Nov 44-11 Nov 44
3rd Cav Rcn Sq 9 Nov 44-11 Nov 44
Co A 135th Engr C Bn 9 Nov 44-11 Nov 44
705th TD Bn (SP) 9 Nov 44-11 Nov 44
Tr A 89th Cav Rcn Sq (9th Armd Div) 22 Nov 44-28 Nov 44
Tr B 89th Cav Rcn Sq (9th Armd Div) 22 Nov 44-7 Dec 44
Tr C 89th Cav Rcn Sq (9th Armd Div) 22 Nov 44-7 Dec 44
Tr A 89th Cav Rcn Sq (9th Armd Div) 5 Dec 44-7 Dec 44
4th Cav Gp 7 Dec 44-11 Dec 44
Tr A 24th Cav Rcn Sq 7 Dec 44-11 Dec 44
759th Tk Bn (-Co C) 7 Dec 44-11 Dec 44
2 plats Co C 297th Engr C Bn 7 Dec 44-11 Dec 44
635th TD Bn (T) (-Co A & 1 plat Co C) 7 Dec 44-11 Dec 44
24th Cav Rcn Sq (-Tr A) 7 Dec 44-11 Dec 44
15th Cav Gp 31 Mar 45-3 Apr 45
15th Cav Rcn Sq 31 Mar 45-3 Apr 45
17th Cav Rcn Sq 31 Mar 45-3 Apr 45
113th Cav Gp 3 Apr 45-6 May 45
113th Cav Rcn Sq 3 Apr 45-6 May 45
125th Cav Rcn Sq 3 Apr 45-6 May 45
 

Chemical
 
Co A 87th Cml Bn 5 Jul 44-16 Jul 44
Co C 87th Cml Bn 5 Jul 44-16 Jul 44
Co B 86th Cml Mort Bn 19 Jul 44-29 Jul 44
Co A 86th Cml Mort Bn Aug 44-16 Aug 44
Co C 86th Cml Mort Bn  Aug 44-16 Aug 44
Co B 86th Cml Mort Bn 13 Aug 44-16 Aug 44
Co C 81st Cml Mort Bn 11 Nov 44-11 Nov 44
Co A 87th Cml Bn 9 Dec 44-21 Dec 44
Co C 87th Cml Bn 31 Dec 44-25 Jan 45
Co B 87th Cml Bn 2 Jan 45-25 Jan 45
2 secs 83rd Cml SG Co 1 Mar 45-2 Mar 45
92d Cml Mort Bn 15 Apr 45-4 May 45
27th Cml SG Co 18 Apr 45-30 Apr 45
83rd Cml SG Co 18 Apr 45-30 Apr 45
 

Engineer
 
1 plat Co B 297th Engr C Bn 7 Dec 44-9 Dec 44
Co C 297th Engr C Bn (-2 plats) 11 Dec 44-18 Dec 44
 

Field Artillery
 
65th Armd FA Bn 27 Jun 44-4 Jul 44
400th Armd FA Bn 31 Jul 44-2 Aug 44
250th FA Bn (105 How) 31 Jul 44-4 Aug 44
174th FA Gp Aug 44-16 Aug 44
12th FA Obsn Bn (-Btry A) 7 Aug 44-16 Aug 44
196th FA Gp 7 Aug 44-16 Aug 44
202d FA Gp 7 Aug 44-16 Aug 44
333d FA Gp 15 Aug 44-18 Aug 44
739th FA Bn (8" How) 29 Aug 44-3 Sep 44
751st FA Bn (155 How) 30 Aug 44-11 Sep 44
268th FA Bn (8" Gun) 30 Aug 44-11 Sep 44
241st FA Bn (105 How) 29 Sep 44-11 Oct 44
689th FA Bn (155 How) 29 Sep 44-11 Oct 44
81st FA Bn (155 How) 13 Oct 44-7 Dec 44
174th FA Bn (155 Gun) 25 Oct 44-7 Dec 44
Hq & Hq Btry 422d FA Gp 6 Nov 44-7 Dec 44
81st FA Bn (155 How) 6 Nov 44-7 Dec 44
174th FA Bn (155 Gun) 6 Nov 44-7 Dec 44
Btry A 285th FA Obsn Bn 6 Nov 44-7 Dec 44
Btry C 558th FA Bn (155 Gun) 11 Nov 44-11 Nov 44
Btry A 285th FA Obsn Bn 21 Nov 44-4 Dec 44
Btry C 559th FA Bn (155 Gun) 27 Nov 44-7 Dec 44
951st FA Bn (155 How) 7 Dec 44-21 Dec 44
193d FA Bn (105 How) 13 Dec 44-21 Dec 44
25th FA Bn (105 How) 22 Dec 44-24 Dec 44
24th FA Bn (105 How) 1 Mar 45-1 Mar 45
25th FA Bn (105 How) 2 Mar 45-11 Mar 45
751st FA Bn (155 How) 2 Mar 45-12 Apr 45
351st FA Bn (155 How) 9 Mar 45-12 Apr 45
Btry B 8th FA Obsn Bn 16 Mar 45-20 Apr 45
25th FA Bn (105 How) 28 Mar 45-5 May 45
967th FA Bn (155 How) 28 Mar 45-5 May 45
65th Armd FA Bn 21 Apr 45-5 May 45
696th Armd FA Bn 21 Apr 45-5 May 45
280th FA Bn (105 How) 17 May 45-31 May 45
 
 

Infantry
 
121st CT (8th Div) 6 Aug 44-15 Aug 44
121st Inf (8th Div) 6 Aug 44-15 Aug 44
56th FA Bn (8th Div) (105 How) 6 Aug 44-15 Aug 44
Co B 168th Engr C Bn 6 Aug 44-15 Aug 44
1 plat 513th Engr Light Pon Co 6 Aug 44-15 Aug 44
Fr Group Latique Lorraine 2 Oct 44-11 Oct 44
Fr 1st & 2d Regts of Paris 2 Oct 44-11 Oct 44
Co B 52d Armd Inf Bn (9th Armd Div) 22 Nov 44-29 Nov 44
Co C 52d Armd Inf Bn (9th Armd Div) 28 Nov 44-7 Dec 44
Co B 629th TD Bn (SP) 2 Dec 44-31 Dec 44
22d Inf (4th Div) 3 Dec 44-7 Dec 44
8th CT (4th Div) 7 Dec 44-11 Dec 44
29th FA Bn (4th Div) (105 How) 7 Dec 44-11 Dec 44
Co A 4th Engr C Bn (4th Div) 7 Dec 44-11 Dec 44
Co A 1 plat Co D & G Plat 70th Tk Bn 7 Dec 44-11 Dec 44
Co A 803d TD Bn (SP) 7 Dec 44-11 Dec 44
Btry A 377th AAA AW Bn (Mbl) 7 Dec 44-11 Dec 44
290th CT (75th Div) 31 Dec 44-2 Jan 45
898th FA Bn (75th Div) (105 How) 31 Dec 44-2 Jan 45
Co B 750th Tk Bn 31 Dec 44-2 Jan 45
1st Plat Co B 275th Engr C Bn (75th Div) 31 Dec 44-2 Jan 45
Btry B 440th AAA AW Bn (Mbl) 31 Dec 44-2 Jan 45
320th Inf (35th Div) 15 Mar 45-21 Mar 45
 

Tank Destroyer
 
802d TD Bn (T) 1 Jul 44-7 Dec 44
Co A 634th TD Bn (SP) 10 Jul 44-13 Jul 44
Co A 813th TD Bn (SP) 17 Jul 44-29 Jul 44
Co B 705th TD Bn (SP) 6 Aug 44-16 Aug 44
Co C 644th TD Bn (SP) 9 Aug 44-16 Aug 44
807th TD Bn (SP) 29 Sep 44-11 Oct 44
629th TD Bn (SP) 9 Dec 44-23 Dec 44
772d TD Bn (T) 22 Dec 44-1 Jan 45
629th TD Bn (SP) 1 Jan 45-30 Jan 45
643d TD Bn (SP) 2 Feb 44-9 May 45
801st TD Bn (SP) 10 Apr 45-12 Apr 45
 

 

DETACHMENTS

(Attached To)

Cavalry
 
83d RCN Tr Ninth Army 25 Dec 44-26 Dec 44
 

Field Artillery
 
Btry C 323d FA Bn (105 How) Task Force A 5 Aug 44-22 Sep 44
83d Div Art 34th Div 21 Jan 45-27 Jan 45
83d Div Art 29th Div 6 Feb 45-27 Feb 45
Co B 308th Engr C Bn 29th Div 6 Feb 45-27 Feb 45
1 plat Co A 308th Engr C Bn 29th Div 6 Feb 45-27 Feb 45
 

Infantry
 
330th CT Co B 308th Engr C Bn 29th Div 14 Jul 44-17 Jul 44
3d Bn 330th Inf Task Force A 5 Aug 44-25 Sep 44
330th CT 4th Div 3 Dec 44-7 Dec 44
323d FA Bn 4th Div 3 Dec 44-7 Dec 44
Co B 308th Engr C Bn 4th Div 3 Dec 44-7 Dec 44
329th CT 4th Div 7 Dec 44-10 Dec 44
322d FA Bn 4th Div 7 Dec 44-10 Dec 44
329th CT 9th Div 13 Dec 44-13 Dec 44
2d Bn 330th Inf 5th Armd Div 13 Dec 44-23 Dec 44
1st Bn 329th Inf Ninth Army 23 Dec 44-26 Dec 44
2d Bn 329th Inf Ninth Army 23 Dec 44-26 Dec 44
2d Bn 331st Inf Ninth Army 23 Dec 44-26 Dec 44
3d Bn 329th Inf Ninth Army 24 Dec 44-26 Dec 44
2d Bn 330th Inf Ninth Army 25 Dec 44-26 Dec 44
1st Bn 331st Inf Ninth Army 25 Dec 44-26 Dec 44
3d Bn 331st Inf Ninth Army 25 Dec 44-26 Dec 44
1st Bn 330th Inf Ninth Army 26 Dec 44-26 Dec 44
3d Bn 330th Inf Ninth Army 26 Dec 44-26 Dec 44
330th CT (-1st Bn) VII Corps 27 Dec 44-1 Jan 45
1st Bn 330th Inf 84th Div 27 Dec 44-1 Jan 45
331st Inf 3d Armd Div 29 Dec 44-31 Dec 44
330th Inf 3d Armd Div 1 Jan 45-7 Jan 45
2d Bn 330th Inf 3d Armd Div 7 Jan 45-19 Jan 45
3d Bn 330th Inf 3d Armd Div 7 Jan 45-19 Jan 45
1st Bn 330th Inf 3d Armd Div 11 Jan 45-19 Jan 45
329th CT 84th Div 21 Jan 45-22 Jan 45
330th Inf 29th Div 23 Feb 45-27 Feb 45
331st CT 2d Armd Div 27 Feb 45-1 Mar 45
908th FA Bn 2d Armd Div 27 Feb 45-1 Mar 45
Co C 308th Engr C Bn 2d Armd Div 27 Feb 45-1 Mar 45
330th CT XIX Corps 5 Apr 45-7 Apr 45
323d FA Bn XIX Corps 5 Apr 45-7 Apr 45
331st CT XIX Corps 10 Apr 45-11 Apr 45
908th FA Bn XIX Corps 10 Apr 45-11 Apr 45
330th CT XIX Corps 13 Apr 45-20 Apr 45
323d FA Bn XIX Corps 13 Apr 45-20 Apr 45
[page 296]

 

ASSIGNMENT AND ATTACHMENT

To Higher Units
 
DATE CORPS ARMY ARMY GROUP
Assigned Attached Assigned Attached
4 Apr 44
Third
ETOUSA
8 Apr 44
VIII
Third
First
25 Jun 44
VIII
Third
1 Jul 44
VII
Third
First
15 Jul 44
VIII
Third
First
1 Aug 44
XV
Third
12th
3 Aug 44
VIII
Third
12th
5 Sep 44
VIII
Ninth
12th
10 Sep 44
-
Ninth
12th
21 Sep 44
XX
Third
12th
11 Oct 44
VIII
Ninth
12th
22 Oct 44
VIII
First
12th
8 Nov 44
XX
Third
12th
11 Nov 44
VIII
First
12th
7 Dec 44
VII
First
12th
20 Dec 44
VII
First
12th
Br 21st
22 Dec 44
XIX
Ninth
Br 21st
26 Dec 44
VII
First
Br 21st
15 Feb 45
XIX
Ninth
12th
8 May 45
XIII
Ninth
12th
(-) Indicates relieved from assignment.

[page 297]

 

COMMAND POSTS
 
DATE TOWN REGION COUNTRY
1944
19 Apr Newcastle-under-Lyme (Keele-Hall) Staffordshire England
16 Jun Stonehenge   England
17 Jun Hursley Hampshire England
17 Jun Southampton Hampshire England
25 Jun Omaha Beach Calvados France
26 Jun Bricqueville Manche France
28 Jun Carentan Manche France
5 Jul Carentan (vic SW) Manche France
14 Jul Hotat Manche France
28 Jul Feugeres Manche France
29 Jul Feugeres Manche France
3 Aug Pontorson Manche France
4 Aug Pontorson (vic E) Manche France
5 Aug Chateau Goulion Ille & Vilaine France
7 Aug Chateauneuf Ille & Vilaine France
10 Aug Dinan Ille & Vilaine France
20 Aug Sesson Loire Infre France
25 Aug Chateaubriant Loire Infre France
15 Sep Vendome Loire et Cher France
20 Sep Orleans Loiret France
24 Sep Luxembourg   Luxembourg
9 Nov Mondorff   Luxembourg
12 Nov Luxembourg   Luxembourg
6 Dec Krewinkel Rhineland Germany
26 Dec Eilendorf Rhineland Germany
27 Dec Havelange Liege Belgium
27 Dec Nettine Luxembourg Belgium
31 Dec Barvaux Luxembourg Belgium
1945
1 Jan Izier Luxembourg Belgium
8 Jan Jevigne Luxembourg Belgium
15 Jan Ottre Luxembourg Belgium
21 Jan Hamoir Luxembourg Belgium
6 Feb Dalhem Liege Belgium
22 Feb Schaufenberg Rhineland Germany
28 Feb Hasselsweiler Rhineland Germany
1 Mar Aldenhoven Rhineland Germany
2 Mar Buttgen Rhineland Germany
21 Mar Echt Limburg Neth
28 Mar Schiefbahn Westphalia Germany
29 Mar Hunxe (vic W) Westphalia Germany
30 Mar Stockweise Westphalia Germany
31 Mar Ludinghausen Westphalia Germany
1 Apr Walstedde Westphalia Germany
1 Apr Beckum Westphalia Germany
3 Apr Delbruck Westphalia Germany
4 Apr Bad Lippspringe Westphalia Germany
5 Apr Horn Westphalia Germany
5 Apr Steinheim Westphalia Germany
7 Apr Rischenau Westphalia Germany
8 Apr Escherhausen Westphalia Germany
10 Apr Gross Freden Westphalia Germany
10 Apr Langelsheim Westphalia Germany
11 Apr Heudeber Westphalia Germany
12 Apr Cochstedt Westphalia Germany
13 Apr Calbe Magdeburg Germany
7 May Wernigerode Magdeburg Germany
[page 300]