80th INFANTRY DIVISION

 

"Blue Ridge Division"

 

The division insignia is a white bordered escutcheon of gold emblazoned with three azure blue mountain peaks. It symbolizes the three "Blue Ridge" states, Pennsylvania, Virginia and West Virginia, from which the majority of the 80th's World War I personnel were drawn.

 

[page 268]

 

COMMAND AND STAFF

 

Commanding General

7 Jul 44 Maj. Gen. Horace L. McBride

Assistant Division Commander

7 Jul 44 Brig. Gen. Owen Summers
7 Mar 45 Col. George W. Smythe
1 May 45 Brig. Gen. George W. Smythe

Artillery Commander

7 Jul 44 Brig. Gen. Edmund W. Searby
19 Sep 44 Brig. Gen. Jay W. MacKelvie

Chief of Staff

7 Jul 44 Col. Max S. Johnson
10 Jan 45 Col. Samuel P. Walker

Assistant Chief of Staff G-1

7 Jul 44 Lt. Col. Leon O. Clayton

Assistant Chief of Staff G-2

7 Jul 44 Maj. Richard R. Fleisher
15 Sep 44 Lt. Col. Richard R. Fleisher

Assistant Chief of Staff G-3

7 Jul 44 Lt. Col. Augustus G. Elegar

Assistant Chief of Staff G-4

7 Jul 44 Lt. Col. Erland L. Sandberg

Assistant Chief of Staff G-5

7 Jul 44 Maj. Edmund A. Ball
16 Nov 44 Lt. Col. Edmund A. Ball

Adjutant General

7 Jul 44 Lt. Col. John W. Trone

Commanding Officer, 317th Infantry

7 Jul 44 Col. A. Donald Cameron
3 Oct 44 Col. Warfield M. Lewis
4 Dec 44 Lt. Col. Henry G. Fisher

Commanding Officer, 318th Infantry

7 Jul 44 Col. Harry D. McHugh
13 Sep 44 Col. Milton C. Shattuck
26 Sep 44 Col. Lansing McVickar
15 Jan 45 Col. James S. Luckett

Commanding Officer, 319th Infantry

7 Jul 44 Col. Orion L. Davidson
22 Nov 44 Col. William N. Taylor
13 Feb 45 Col. Normando A. Costello

 

[page 269]

 

STATISTICS

 

Chronology

Activated 15 July 1942
Arrived ETO 7 July 1944
Arrived Continent (D+58) 3 August 1944
Entered Combat 8 August 1944
Days in Combat 239

 

Casualties (Tentative)

Killed 2,614
Wounded 10,795
Missing 654
Captured 397
Battle Casualties 14,460
Non-Battle Casualties 11,012
Total Casualties 25,472
Percent of T/O Strength 180.8

 

Campaigns

 

Northern France

Ardennes

Rhineland

Central Europe

 

Individual Awards

Distinguished Service Cross 33
Legion of Merit 6
Silver Star 671
Soldiers Medal 30
Bronze Star 3,557
Air Medal 121
DFC 5

 

Prisoners of War Taken 212,295

 

COMPOSITION

317th Infantry

318th Infantry

319th Infantry

80th Reconnaissance Troop (Mechanized)

305th Engineer Combat Battalion

305th Medical Battalion

80th Division Artillery

313th Field Artillery Battalion (105mm Howitzer)

314th Field Artillery Battalion (105mm Howitzer)

905th Field Artillery Battalion (105mm Howitzer)

315th Field Artillery Battalion (155mm Howitzer)

Special Troops

780th Ordnance Light Maintenance Company

80th Quartermaster Company

80th Signal Company

Military Police Platoon

Headquarters Company

Band

 

[page 270]

 

ATTACHMENTS

 

Antiaircraft Artillery

633d AAA AW Bn (Mbl) 9 Aug 44-13 May 45

Armored

702d Tk Bn (- Co D) 8 Aug 44-27 Feb 45
Co D, 702d Tk Bn 8 Aug 44-1 Mar 45
CC B (4th Armd Div) 29 Jan 45-4 Feb 45
CC B (4th Armd Div) 21 Feb 45-24 Feb 45
702d Tk Bn 11 Mar 45-still attached 7 Jul 45

Cavalry

42d Rcn Sq (2d Cav Gp) 23 Nov 44-6 Dec 44
2d Cav Rcn Sq (2d Cav Gp) 1 Dec 44-6 Dec 44
16th Cav Gp 27 Mar 45-31 Mar 45

Chemical

Co A, 91st Cml Mort Bn 5 Jan 45-12 Jan 45
Co B, 91st Cml Mort Bn 5 Jan 45-28 Jan 45
Co A, 91st Cml Mort Bn 28 Jan 45-10 Mar 45
Co A, 81st Cml Mort Bn 11 Mar 45-18 Apr 45
Co B, 81st Cml Mort Bn 27 Mar 45-12 Apr 45
Co A, 94th Cml Mort Bn 29 Apr 45-1 May 45
94th Cml Mort Bn (- Co A) 29 Apr 45-11 May 45

Infantry

328th Inf (26th Div) 4 Oct 44-14 Oct 44
53d Armd Inf Bn (4th Armd Div) 4 Feb 45-9 Feb 45
51st Armd Inf Bn (4th Armd Div) 4 Feb 45-18 Feb 45
53d Armd Inf Bn (4th Armd Div) 20 Feb 45-21 Feb 45

Tank Destroyer

610th TD Bn (SP) 9 Aug 44-25 Sep 44
691st TD Bn (T) 16 Sep 44-18 Sep 44
808th TD Bn (SP) 25 Sep 44-21 Dec 44
Co C, 602d TD Bn (SP) 4 Oct 44-14 Oct 44
610th TD Bn (SP) 23 Nov 44-6 Dec 44
610th TD Bn (SP) 21 Dec 44-28 Jan 45
Co A, 631st TD Bn (T) 7 Jan 45-20 Jan 45
802d TD Bn (T) 28 Jan 45-4 Feb 45
811th TD Bn (SP) 3 Feb 45-4 Jul 45
Co B, 603d TD Bn (SP) 4 Apr 45-9 Apr 45

 

[page 271]

 

DETACHMENTS

(Attached to)

 

Infantry

319th Inf XX Corps 10 Aug 44-15 Aug 44
319th Inf VIII Corps 16 Aug 44-21 Aug 44
319th Inf XII Corps 22 Aug 44-27 Aug 44
319th Inf 4th Armd Div 11 Sep 44-15 Sep 44
1st Bn, 318th Inf 4th Armd Div 12 Sep 44-15 Sep 44
1st & 2d Bns, 318th Inf 4th Armd Div 24 Dec 44-28 Dec 44
319th Inf 4th Div 26 Jan 45-28 Jan 45
3d Bn, 317th Inf 4th Div 26 Jan 45-25 Feb 45
2d & 3d Bns, 318th Inf 4th Div 26 Jan 45-25 Feb 45
319th Inf 4th Armd Div 29 Jan 45-4 Feb 45
318th Inf 76th Div 1 Mar 45-3 Mar 45
319th Inf 76th Div 8 Mar 45-9 Mar 45
318th Inf 10th Armd Div 16 Mar 45-18 Mar 45
1st & 3d Bns, 318th Inf 10th Armd Div 19 Mar 45-22 Mar 45
318th Inf 6th Armd Div 30 Mar 45-1 Apr 45

 

[page 272]

 

ASSIGNMENT AND ATTACHMENT TO HIGHER UNITS

 

DATE CORPS ARMY ARMY GROUP
Assigned Attached Assigned Attached
11 Jun 44 XII Third   ETOUSA  
1 Aug 44 XII Third   12th  
7 Aug 44 XX Third   12th  
8 Aug 44 XV Third   12th  
10 Aug 44 XX Third   12th  
17 Aug 44 V Third First 12th  
23 Aug 44 (-) Third (-) 12th  
26 Aug 44 XII Third   12th  
19 Dec 44 III Third   12th  
26 Dec 44 XII Third   12th  
10 Mar 45 XX Third   12th  

 

[page 273]

 

COMMAND POSTS

 

DATE TOWN REGION COUNTRY
13 Jun 44 Liverpool (Adv) Lancashire England
14 Jun 44 Sandiway (H mi SW; Pettypool Hall) (Adv) Cheshire England
7 Jul 44 Sandiway (H mi SW; Pettypool Hall) (Main Body) (Entire division arrived in European Theater of operation 7 July 1944.) Cheshire England
31 Jul 44 Salisbury (marshalling area V-1) Wiltshire England
3 Aug 44 St-Jores (3 mi NE) Manche France
9 Aug 44 Montsuer Mayenne France
11 Aug 44 Amne (vic SW) Sarthe France
13 Aug 44 St-Mars Sarthe France
15 Aug 44 Jublains Mayenne France
17 Aug 44 Alencon Orne France
17 Aug 44 Almeneches Orne France
26 Aug 44 Valetien (3 mi NE) Aube France
27 Aug 44 St-Flavy (2 mi E) Aube France
28 Aug 44 Villeseneux (11 mi NE) Meuse France
30 Aug 44 La Veuve (1 mi E) Meuse France
1 Sep 44 Vignot (2 mi E) Meuse France
3 Sep 44 Girauvoisin (1 mi E) Meuse France
4 Sep 44 Limey (1 mi SW) Meurthe-et-Moselle France
12 Sep 44 Mamey (2 mi E) Meurthe-et-Moselle France
18 Sep 44 Dieulouard (1 mi N) Meurthe-et-Moselle France
19 Sep 44 Dieulouard (6 mi S) Meurthe-et-Moselle France
25 Sep 44 Dieulouard (2 mi S) Meurthe-et-Moselle France
27 Sep 44 Dieulouard (2 mi N) Meurthe-et-Moselle France
29 Sep 44 Belleville Meurthe-et-Moselle France
13 Oct 44 Ville-au-Val Meurthe-et-Moselle France
10 Nov 44 Mailly Moselle France
11 Nov 44 Liocourt Moselle France
13 Nov 44 St-Epvre Moselle France
16 Nov 44 Lesse Moselle France
24 Nov 44 Charbonnages Moselle France
28 Nov 44 St-Avold Moselle France
18 Dec 44 Bining Moselle France
20 Dec 44 Luxembourg   Luxembourg
21 Dec 44 Dommeldange   Luxembourg
22 Dec 44 Reckange les Mersch   Luxembourg
6 Jan 45 Oberfeulen   Luxembourg
24 Jan 45 Wiltz   Luxembourg
28 Jan 45 Fels   Luxembourg
18 Feb 45 Bettendorf   Luxembourg
26 Feb 45 Mettendorf Rhineland Germany
6 Mar 45 Rittersdorf Rhineland Germany
11 Mar 45 Mondorf Rhineland Germany
13 Mar 45 Beurig Rhineland Germany
17 Mar 45 Losheim Rhineland Germany
19 Mar 45 St Wendel Rhineland Germany
20 Mar 45 Glen-Munchweiler Pfalz Germany
21 Mar 45 Kaiserslautern Pfalz Germany
21 Mar 45 Bad Durkheim Pfalz Germany
24 Mar 45 Rockenhausen Pfalz Germany
27 Mar 45 Mainz Hessen-Nassau Germany
29 Mar 45 Wiesbaden Hessen Germany
30 Mar 45 Lich Oberhessen Germany
31 Mar 45 Neukirchen Hessen-Nassau Germany
1 Apr 45 Homburg Hessen-Nassau Germany
4 Apr 45 Oberzwehren Hessen-Nassau Germany
7 Apr 45 Gotha Thuringia Germany
12 Apr 45 Dietendorf Thuringia Germany
13 Apr 45 Weimar Thuringia Germany
14 Apr 45 Gera Thuringia Germany
16 Apr 45 Limbach Saxony Germany
19 Apr 45 Schesslitz Bavaria Germany
22 Apr 45 Nurnberg Bavaria Germany
29 Apr 45 Ziegelsdorf Bavaria Germany
30 Apr 45 Ergoldsbach Bavaria Germany
2 May 45 Frontenhausen Bavaria Germany
3 May 45 Simbach Bavaria Germany
5 May 45 Vocklabruck Ober Oesterreich Austria

 

[pages 274-277]