79th INFANTRY DIVISION

 

"Cross of Lorraine Division"

 

The insignia of the 79th Division is a gray Lorraine cross on a blue shield with a gray border; it was adopted during World War I. Having distinguished itself at Montfaucon, in Lorraine, the division selected the Cross of Lorraine, a symbol of triumph since the 15th Century, as its insignia.

 

[page 257]

COMMAND AND STAFF

 

Commanding General

17 Apr 44 Maj. Gen. I. T. Wyche

Assistant Division Commander

17 Apr 44 Brig. Gen. Frank U. Greer
9 Jan 45 Brig. Gen. John S. Winn, Jr.
27 Jan 45 Brig. Gen. George D. Wahl

Artillery Commander

17 Apr 44 Brig. Gen. George D. Wahl
17 Jan 45 Brig. Gen. John S. Winn, Jr.

Chief of Staff

17 Apr 44 Col. Kramer Thomas

Assistant Chief of Staff G-1

17 Apr 44 Lt. Col. Harry L. Sievers

Assistant Chief of Staff G-2

17 Apr 44 Lt. Col. A. C. Dohrmann

Assistant Chief of Staff G-3

17 Apr 44 Lt. Col. John A. Gloriod

Assistant Chief of Staff G-4

17 Apr 44 Lt. Col. Charles F. O'Riordan

Assistant Chief of Staff G-5

14 May 44 Maj. Herbert Sponholz
16 Feb 45 Lt. Col. Herbert Sponholz

Adjutant General

17 Apr 44 Lt. Col. John H. Hansen

Commanding Officer, 313th Infantry

17 Apr 44 Col. Sterling A. Wood
4 Nov 44 Lt. Col. Clarence M. Sagmden (Acting)
12 Nov 44 Lt. Col. Edwin M. Van Bibber (Acting)
20 Nov 44 Col. Sterling A. Wood
11 Dec 44 Lt. Col. Edwin M. Van Bibber (Acting)
14 Dec 44 Col. Sterling A. Wood
15 Dec 44 Lt. Col. Edwin M. Van Bibber
21 Feb 45 Col. Edwin M. Van Bibber
20 Apr 45 Lt. Col. Clarence M. Sagmden (Acting)
8 May 45 Col. Edwin M. Van Bibber

Commanding Officer, 314th Infantry

17 Apr 44 Col. Warren A. Robinson
6 Apr 45 Lt. Col. Ernest R. Purvis (Acting)
14 Apr 45 Lt. Col. James P. Davis
16 Apr 45 Col. Warren A. Robinson

Commanding Officer, 315th Infantry

17 Apr 44 Col. Porter B. Wiggins
23 Jun 44 Col. Bernard B. McMahon
29 Jul 44 Lt. Col. John A. McAleer
26 Oct 44 Col. Andrew J. Schriner

 

[page 258]

 

STATISTICS

 

Chronology

Activated 15 June 1942
Arrived ETO 17 April 1944
Arrived Continent (D+8) 14 June 1944
Entered Combat 19 June 1944
Days in Combat 248

 

Casualties (Tentative)

Killed 2,475
Wounded 10.701
Missing 1,699
Captured  
Battle Casualties 14,875
Non-Battle Casualties 8,582
Total Casualties 23,457
Percent of T/O Strength 166.5

 

Campaigns

Normandy

Northern France

Rhineland

Central Europe

 

Individual Awards

Distinguished Service Cross 13
Legion of Merit 1
Silver Star 904
Soldiers Medal 19
Bronze Star 4,012
Air Medal 68

 

Prisoners of War Taken 35,466

 

COMPOSITION

313th Infantry

314th Infantry

315th Infantry

79th Reconnaissance Troop (Mechanized)

304th Engineer Combat Battalion

304th Medical Battalion

79th Division Artillery

310th Field Artillery Battalion (105mm Howitzer)

311th Field Artillery Battalion (105mm Howitzer)

904th Field Artillery Battalion (105mm Howitzer)

312th Field Artillery Battalion (155mm Howitzer)

Special Troops

779th Ordnance Light Maintenance Company

79th Quartermaster Company

79th Signal Company

Military Police Platoon

Headquarters Company

Band

 

[page 259]

 

ATTACHMENTS

 

Antiaircraft Artillery

463d AAA AW Bn (Mbl) 1 Jul 44-9 Jul 45
18th AAA Gp 16 Apr 45-5 Jun 45

Armored

749th Tk Bn 1 Jul 44-24 Jul 44
Co B, 749th Tk Bn 31 Jul 44-1 Aug 44
191st Tk Bn 1 Dec 44-22 Dec 44
2d Plat, Co B, 25th Tk Bn (14th Armd Div) 6 Dec 44-8 Dec 44
781st Tk Bn 22 Dec 44-3 Jan 45
Co B, 47th Tk Bn (14th Armd Div) 5 Jan 45-14 Jan 45
CC A (14th Armd Div) 7 Jan 45-12 Jan 45
…48th Tk Bn (14th Armd Div) 7 Jan 45-12 Jan 45
…68th Armd Inf Bn (14th Armd Div) 7 Jan 45-12 Jan 45
…500th Armd FA Bn (14th Armd Div) 7 Jan 45-12 Jan 45
…Tr C, 94th Cav Rcn Sq (14th Armd Div) 7 Jan 45-12 Jan 45
…Co C, 125th Armd Engr Bn (14th Armd Div) 7 Jan 45-12 Jan 45
CC B (12th Armd Div) 7 Jan 45-15 Jan 45
CC A (14th Armd Div) 20 Jan 45-21 Jan 45
…48th Tk Bn (14th Armd Div) 20 Jan 45-21 Jan 45
…68th Armd Inf Bn (14th Armd Div) 20 Jan 45-21 Jan 45
…500th Armd FA Bn (14th Armd Div) 20 Jan 45-21 Jan 45
…Tr C, 94th Cav Rcn Sq (14th Armd Div) 20 Jan 45-21 Jan 45
…Co C, 125th Armd Engr Bn (14th Armd Div) 20 Jan 45-21 Jan 45
Co C, 25th Tk Bn (14th Armd Div) 22 Jan 45-27 Jan 45
CC B (14th Armd Div) 25 Jan 45-26 Jan 45
…25th Tk Bn (14th Armd Div) 25 Jan 45-26 Jan 45
…68th Armd Inf Bn (14th Armd Div) 25 Jan 45-26 Jan 45
…Tr B, 94th Cav Rcn Sq (14th Armd Div) 25 Jan 45-26 Jan 45
…Co B, 125th Armd Engr Bn (14th Armd Div) 25 Jan 45-26 Jan 45
Co A, 47th Tk Bn (14th Armd Div) 27 Jan 45-6 Feb 45
1st Plat, Co D, 47th Tk Bn (14th Armd Div) 27 Jan 45-6 Feb 45
761st Tk Bn 20 Feb 45-1 Mar 45
717th Tk Bn 8 Mar 45-17 Apr 45
744th Tk Bn 17 Apr 45-18 Apr 45
717th Tk Bn 18 Apr 45-20 May 45

Cavalry

94th Cav Rcn Sq (14th Armd Div) 1 Dec 44-11 Dec 44
Co D, 88th Cav Rcn Sq (8th Armd Div) 17 Mar 45-26 Mar 45

Chemical

74th Cml Co (SG) 20 Mar 45-26 Mar 45
89th Cml Mort Bn 20 Mar 45-13 Apr 45

Engineer

60th Engr C Bn (35th Div) 25 Mar 45-26 Mar 45

Field Artillery

44th Div Arty 17 Oct 44-24 Oct 44
Btry C, 500th Armd FA Bn (14th Armd Div) 6 Dec 44-8 Dec 44
493d Armd FA Bn (12th Armd Div) 7 Jan 45-14 Jan 45
495th Armd FA Bn (12th Armd Div) 7 Jan 45-14 Jan 45
8th Armd Div Arty 20 Mar 45-26 Mar 45
127th FA Bn (35th Div) (155mm How) 25 Mar 45-26 Mar 45
161st FA Bn (35th Div) (105mm How) 25 Mar 45-26 Mar 45
29th Div Arty 31 Mar 45-5 Apr 45

Infantry

114th Inf (44th Div) 17 Oct 44-24 Oct 44
71st Inf (44th Div) 18 Oct 44-24 Oct 44
324th Inf (44th Div) 19 Oct 44-24 Oct 44
19th Armd Inf Bn (14th Armd Div) 6 Dec 44-8 Dec 44
274th Inf (70th Div) 1 Jan 45-13 Jan 45
2d Bn, 276th Inf (70th Div) 1 Jan 45-3 Jan 45
Fr Algerienne 3d Inf Div 5 Jan 45-6 Jan 45
2d Bn, 276th Inf (70th Div) 5 Jan 45-9 Jan 45
1st Bn, 410th Inf (103d Div) 18 Jan 45-21 Jan 45
411th Inf (- 2d Bn) (103d Div) 19 Jan 45-21 Jan 45
134th CT (35th Div) 13 Mar 45-14 Mar 45
134th Inf (35th Div) 26 Mar 45
134th Inf (35th Div) 13-14 Apr 45

Tank Destroyer

813th TD Bn (SP) 1 Jul 44-9 Sep 44
773d TD Bn (SP) 9 Sep 44-12 Oct 44
813th TD Bn (SP) 12 Oct 44-21 Apr 45
809th TD Bn (SP) 20 Mar 45-26 Mar 45
605th TD Bn (T) 22 Apr 45-30 Apr 45

 

[pages 260-261]

 

DETACHMENTS

(Attached to)

 

Field Artillery

79th Div Arty 44th Div 23 Oct 44-25 Oct 44
79th Div Arty XVI Corps 22 Feb 45-1 Mar 45

Infantry

1st Bn, 313th Inf Fr 2d Armd Div 21 Nov 44-29 Nov 44
3d Bn, 313th Inf Fr 2d Armd Div 23 Nov 44
313th Inf (1 3d Bn) 45th Div 1 Jan 45-14 Jan 45
314th Inf 45th Div 1 Jan 45-14 Jan 45
1st Bn, 315th Inf 45th Div 4 Jan 45-16 Jan 45
315th Inf (- 1st Bn) 14th Armd Div 13 Jan 45-21 Jan 45
1st Bn, 315th Inf 14th Armd Div 17 Jan 45-21 Jan 45
314th Inf XVI Corps 23 Feb 45-1 Mar 45

 

[pages 261-262]

 

ASSIGNMENT AND ATTACHMENT TO HIGHER UNITS

 

DATE CORPS ARMY ARMY GROUP
Assigned Attached Assigned Attached
5 Apr 44       ETOUSA  
18 Apr 44 VIII Third      
29 May 44 VII Third First    
30 Jun 44 (-) Third First    
1 Jul 44 VIII Third First    
1 Aug 44 VIII Third (-) 12th  
3 Aug 44 XV Third   12th  
24 Aug 44 XV Third First 12th  
26 Aug 44 XV First (-) 12th  
29 Aug 44 XIX First   12th  
7 Sep 44 XV Third   12th  
29 Sep 44 XV Third Seventh 12th 6th (Sup & Opn)
1 Nov 44 XV   Seventh 12th 6th (Sup & Opn)
25 Nov 44 XV Seventh (-) 6th (-)
5 Dec 44 VI Seventh   6th  
6 Feb 45 (-) Seventh   6th  
17 Feb 45 XVI Seventh Ninth 6th 12th
1 Mar 45 XIII Seventh Ninth 6th 12th
7 Mar 45 XVI Seventh Ninth 6th 12th
7 Apr 45 XVI Ninth (-) 12th (-)

 

(-) Indicates relieved from assignment

 

[page 263]

 

COMMAND POSTS

 

DATE TOWN REGION COUNTRY
18 Apr 44 Pettypool Hall Cheshire England
1 Jun 44 Tiverton Devon England
12 Jun 44 Audonville-St-Hubert (Adv) Manche France
14 Jun 44 Fauville (1 km S of Ste-Mere-L'Eglise) Manche France
18 Jun 44 Orglandes (1 km E) Manche France
20 Jun 44 Colomby (1 km NW) Manche France
20 Jun 44 Les Magens (vic; 11 km SW of St-Joseph) Manche France
21 Jun 44 Hameau de Haut (vic; 1 km NW of Delasse) Manche France
28 Jun 44 Petite Motte (11 km NE of Fierville) Manche France
2 Jul 44 Le Haut de Gris (vic; 2 km E of Le Mesnil-St-Martin) Manche France
4 Jul 44 Les Fosses (vic; 1 km NE of Denneville) Manche France
12 Jul 44 Bolleville (1 km W) Manche France
25 Jul 44 La Vieville (vic; 21 km S of La-Haye-du-Puits) Manche France
28 Jul 44 Geffosses (3 km E) Manche France
31 Jul 44 La Danerie (vic; 3 km S of Brehal) Manche France
1 Aug 44 St-Leger (1 km E) Manche France
3 Aug 44 Le Chatellier (vic) Ille-et-Vilaine France
5 Aug 44 Le Bourgneuf (2 km SE) Mayenne France
7 Aug 44 Brulon (11 km S) Sarthe France
8 Aug 44 St-George-du-Bois (1 km NE) Sarthe France
10 Aug 44 Chanteloup (vic; 1 km W of Sille-le-Philippe) Sarthe France
11 Aug 44 Marolles-les-Braults (11 km N) Sarthe France
12 Aug 44 St-Julien-sur-Sarthe (1 km E) Orne France
15 Aug 44 Ormoy (vic) Eure-et-Loire France
18 Aug 44 La Tertre-St.Denis (1 km SW) Seine-et-Oise France
19 Aug 44 La Tertre-St.Denis (1 km NE) Seine-et-Oise France
21 Aug 44 Dennemont (11 km NW) Seine-et-Oise France
28 Aug 44 Fontenay-St-Pere (1 km NW) Seine-et-Oise France
30 Aug 44 Le Ruel (vic; 5 km NE of Marinos) Seine-et-Oise France
31 Aug 44   Oise France
1 Sep 44 Fontaine-le-Cappy (1 km S) Somme France
2 Sep 44 Sameon Nord France
7 Sep 44 Reims (11 km E) Marne France
8 Sep 44 Joinville (5 km SW) Haute-Marne France
9 Sep 44 Joinville Haute-Marne France
11 Sep 44 Diarville (2 km S) Vosges France
16 Sep 44 Xaronval (1 km E) Vosges France
19 Sep 44 Landecourt (11 km E) Meurthe-et-Moselle France
27 Sep 44 Luneville Meurthe-et-Moselle France
14-24 Oct 44 Croismare (Adv) Meurthe-et-Moselle France
12 Nov 44 Mesnil-Flin Meurthe-et-Moselle France
15 Nov 44 Wigneville Meurthe-et-Moselle France
20 Nov 44 Barbas Meurthe-et-Moselle France
20 Nov 44 Fraquelfing Moselle France
21 Nov 44 Hesse Moselle France
23 Nov 44 Phalsbourg Moselle France
24 Nov 44 Brumath Bas-Rhin France
26 Nov 44 Mittelschaeffolsheim Bas-Rhin France
8 Dec 44 Gaudertheim Bas-Rhin France
11 Dec 44 Bischwiller Bas-Rhin France
13 Dec 44 Soufflentheim Bas-Rhin France
14 Dec 44 Niederroedern Bas-Rhin France
24 Dec 44 Niederbetschdorf Bas-Rhin France
4 Jan 45 Hagenau Bas-Rhin France
20 Jan 45 Schwindratheim Bas-Rhin France
6 Feb 45 Pont-a-Mousson Meurthe-et-Moselle France
17 Feb 45 Heeren-Elderen Limbourg Belgium
21 Feb 45 Simpelveld Limburg Netherlands
2 Mar 45 Orath Rhineland Germany
8 Mar 45 Hoensbroek Limburg Netherlands
22 Mar 45 Rheim (3 km E of Lintfort) Rhineland Germany
26 Mar 45 Dinslaken Rhineland Germany
31 Mar 45 Marxloh (2 km N of Hamborn) Rhineland Germany
6 Apr 45 Butendorf (2 km S of Gladbeck) Westphalia Germany
10 Apr 45 Katenberg Westphalia Germany
13 Apr 45 Gerthe (6 km NE of Bochum) Westphalia Germany
29 Apr 45 Recklinghausen Westphalia Germany

 

[pages 264-267]