71st INFANTRY DIVISION

 

The division insignia is am Arabic design bearing close similarity to the numerical designation of the division. It appears as a blue "71" on a white circular background which is trimmed in red. It has no heraldic significance.

 

[page 224]

 

COMMAND AND STAFF

 

Commanding General

6 Feb 45 Maj. Gen. Willard G. Wyman

Assistant Division Commander

6 Feb 45 Brig. Gen. Onslow S. Rolfe

Artillery Commander

6 Feb 45 Brig. Gen. Frank A. Henning

Chief of Staff

6 Feb 45 Col. Oscar R. Johnston

Assistant Chief of Staff G-1

6 Feb 45 Lt. Col. Morton P. Brooks

Assistant Chief of Staff G-2

6 Feb 45 Lt. Col. Kenneth W. Foster

Assistant Chief of Staff G-3

6 Feb 45 Lt. Col. Norman H. Lankenau

Assistant Chief of Staff G-4

6 Feb 45 Lt. Col. Clifton D. Blackford

Assistant Chief of Staff G-5

22 Feb 44 [i.e., 1945] Maj. Rendle H. Russell

Adjutant General

6 Feb 45 Lt. Col. Claudius Beall, Jr.

Commanding Officer, 5th Infantry

6 Feb 45 Col. Sidney G. Wooten

Commanding Officer, 14th Infantry

6 Feb 45 Col. Donald Beeler
19 Mar 45 Col. Carfl E. Lundquist

Commanding Officer, 66th Infantry

6 Feb 45 Col. Augustus J. Regnier

 

[page 225]

 

STATISTICS

 

Chronology

Activated 15 July 1943
Arrived ETO 6 February 1945
Arrived Continent (D+245) 6 February 1945
Entered Combat--First Elements 10 March 1945
Entered Combat--Entire Division 12 March 1945
Days in Combat 49

 

Casualties (Tentative)

Killed 145
Wounded 599
Missing 31
Captured 13
Battle Casualties 788
Non-Battle Casualties 1,081
Total Casualties 1,879
Percent of T/O Strength 13.3

 

Campaigns

Rhineland

Central Europe

 

Individual Awards

Distinguished Service Cross 1
Silver Star 166
Soldiers Medal 7
Bronze Star 651
Air Medal 40

 

Prisoners of War Taken 107,406

 

COMPOSITION

5th Infantry

14th Infantry

66th Infantry

71st Reconnaissance Troop (Mechanized)

271st Engineer Combat Battalion

371st Medical Battalion

71st Division Artillery

607th Field Artillery Battalion (105mm Howitzer)

608th Field Artillery Battalion (105mm Howitzer)

609th Field Artillery Battalion (105mm Howitzer)

564th Field Artillery Battalion (155mm Howitzer)

Special Troops

771st Ordnance Light Maintenance Company

251st Quartermaster Company

571st Signal Company

Military Police Platoon

Headquarters Company

Band

 

[page 226]

 

ATTACHMENTS

 

Antiaircraft Artillery

530th AAA AW Bn (Mbl) 15 Mar 45-10 May 45

Armored

749th Tk Bn 15 Mar 45-23 Mar 45
761st Tk Bn 28 Mar 45-10 May 45

Chemical

Co B, 91st Cml Mort Bn 5 Apr 45-15 Apr 45
Co A, 91st Cml Mort Bn 13 Apr 45-15 Apr 45
Co C, 97th Cml Mort Bn 15 Apr 45-17 Apr 45
Co A, 81st Cml Mort Bn 21 Apr 45-23 Apr 45
81st Cml Mort Bn (- Co A) 25 Apr 45-27 Apr 45

Field Artillery

93d Armd FA Bn 25 Mar 45-27 Mar 45
242d FA Bn (105mm How) 25 Mar 45-29 Mar 45
69th Armd FA Bn 25 Mar 45-29 Mar 45
744th FA Bn (8" How) 2 May 45-3 May 45
204th FA Gp 2 May 45-6 May 45
622d FA Bn 2 May 45-6 May 45

Tank Destroyer

635th TD Bn (T) 15 Mar 45-10 May 45

 

[page 227]

 

DETACHMENTS

(Attached to)

Infantry

5th Inf 100th Div 11 Mar 45-14 Mar 45
66th Inf 100th Div 12 Mar 45-14 Mar 45

 

[page 227]

 

ASSIGNMENT AND ATTACHMENT TO HIGHER UNITS

 

DATE CORPS ARMY ARMY GROUP
Assigned Attached Assigned Attached
10 Jan 45       ETOUSA; 12th  
21 Jan 45   Fifteenth   12th  
2 Mar 45   Seventh   6th  
9 Mar 45 XV Seventh   6th  
22 Mar 45 XXI Seventh   6th  
25 Mar 45 VI Seventh   6th  
29 Mar 45 (-) (-)   12th  
8 Apr 45   Third   12th  
11 Apr 45 XII Third   12th  
20 Apr 45 XX Third   12th  

 

[page 228]

 

COMMAND POSTS

 

DATE TOWN REGION COUNTRY
6 Feb 45 Limesy Seine-Inferieure France
5 Mar 45 Atweiler Bas-Rhin France
14 Mar 45 Ratzweiler Bas-Rhin France
17 Mar 45 Montbronn Bas-Rhin France
19 Mar 45 Bitche Moselle France
23 Mar 45 Pirmassens Pfalz Germany
23 Mar 45 Annweiler Pfalz Germany
24 Mar 45 Freimersheim Pfalz Germany
25 Mar 45 Dudenhofen Pfalz Germany
27 Mar 45 Oggersheim Pfalz Germany
30 Mar 45 Rockenhausen Pfalz Germany
31 Mar 45 Heusenstamm Hessen Germany
1 Apr 45 Langenselbold Hessen-Nassau Germany
2 Apr 45 Budingen Hessen Germany
5 Apr 45 Ulmbach Hessen-Nassau Germany
6 Apr 45 Fulda Hessen-Nassau Germany
8 Apr 45 Weiningen Thuringia Germany
9 Apr 45 Themar Thuringia Germany
10 Apr 45 Hildbeurghausen Thuringia Germany
12 Apr 45 Coburg Bavaria Germany
13 Apr 45 Redwitz Bavaria Germany
14 Apr 45 Kulmbach Bavaria Germany
17 Apr 45 Trockau Bavaria Germany
20 Apr 45 Auerbach Bavaria Germany
22 Apr 45 Holnstein Bavaria Germany
23 Apr 45 Sulzbach-Rosenberg Bavaria Germany
24 Apr 45 Burglengenfeld Bavaria Germany
24 Apr 45 Leonberg Bavaria Germany
25 Apr 45 Wenzenbach Bavaria Germany
27 Apr 45 Friesheim Bavaria Germany
28 Apr 45 Pfatter Bavaria Germany
29 Apr 45 Straubing Bavaria Germany
30 Apr 45 Reissing Bavaria Germany
1 May 45 Landau Bavaria Germany
2 May 45 Arnsdorf Bavaria Germany
2 May 45 Pfarrkirchen Bavaria Germany
3 May 45 Munchausen Bavaria Germany
3 May 45 Ering Bavaria Germany
4 May 45 Ried Ober-Oesterreich Austria
4 May 45 Gaspolthofen Ober-Oesterreich Austria
5 May 45 Lambach Ober-Oesterreich Austria
6 May 45 Sierning Ober-Oesterreich Austria

 

[pages 229 (through 17 Apr 45)-230]