44th INFANTRY DIVISION

 

The division insignia consists of two blue figure 4's back to back on a golden orange circular background within a blue border. The colors are those of the House of Nassau, whose Dutch settlers inhabited what is now New York and New Jersey, and are used because the division was organized from National Guard units of this region.

 

[page 170]

 

COMMAND AND STAFF

 

Commanding General

15 September 1944 Maj. Gen. Robert L. Spragins
29 December 1944 Brig. Gen. William F. Dean
19 March 1945 Maj. Gen. William F. Dean

Assistant Division Commander

15 September 1944 Brig. Gen. William F. Dean
5 January 1945 Col. Robert L. Dulaney
31 March 1945 Brig. Gen. Robert L. Dulaney

Artillery Commander

15 September 1944 Brig. Gen. W. Beiderlinden

Chief of Staff

15 September 1944 Col. Marlin C. Martin
10 December 1944 Col. George E. Martin

Assistant Chief of Staff G-1

15 September 1944 Lt. Col. Gordon S. Lee

Assistant Chief of Staff G-2

15 September 1944 Lt. Col. Herbert Snyder
25 April 1945 Maj. Thomas C. Sheehan, Jr. (Acting)

Assistant Chief of Staff G-3

15 September 1944 Lt. Col. Leon L. Hagen

Assistant Chief of Staff G-4

15 September 1944 Lt. Col. Russell C. Harpole

Adjutant General

15 September 1944 Lt. Col. Edward Doherty

Commanding Officer, 71st Infantry

15 September 1944 Col. Ercil D. Porter

Commanding Officer, 114th Infantry

15 September 1944 Col. Robert R. Martin

Commanding Officer, 324th Infantry

15 September 1944 Col. Thacher Nelson
25 October 1944 Col. Kenneth S. Anderson

 

[page 171]

 

STATISTICS

 

Chronology

Inducted 15 September 1940
Arrived ETO 15 September 1944
Arrived Continent (D+101) 15 September 1944
Entered Combat: First Elements 17 October 1944
Entered Combat: Entire Division 24 October 1944
Days in Combat 190

 

Casualties (Tentative)

Killed 1,008
Wounded 4,650
Missing 434
Captured 19
Battle Casualties 6,111
Non-Battle Casualties 7,637
Total Casualties 13,748
Percent of T/O Strength 97.6

 

Campaigns

Northern France

Rhineland

Central Europe

 

Individual Awards

Distinguished Service Cross 15
Legion of Merit 2
Silver Star 260
Soldiers Medal 4
Bronze Star 1,515
Air Medal 98

 

Prisoners of War Taken 41,747

 

COMPOSITION

71st Infantry

114th Infantry

324th Infantry

44th Reconnaissance Combat Battalion [i.e., Troop (Mechanized)]

63d Engineer Combat Battalion

119th Medical Battalion

44th Division Artillery

156th Field Artillery Battalion (105mm Howitzer)

217th Field Artillery Battalion (105mm Howitzer)

220th Field Artillery Battalion (105mm Howitzer)

157th Field Artillery Battalion (155mm Howitzer)

Special Troops

744th Ordnance Light Maintenance Company

44th Quartermaster Company

44th Signal Company

Military Police Platoon

Headquarters Company

Band

 

[page 172]

 

ATTACHMENTS

 

Antiaircraft Artillery

398th AAA AW Bn (SP) 22 Oct 44-24 Nov 44
895th AAA AW Bn (Mbl) 25 Nov 44-18 Apr 45

Armored

749th Tk Bn 23 Oct 44-15 Feb 45
772d Tk Bn 26 Mar 45-9 May 45

Cavalry

45th Rcn Tr (45th Div) 20 Nov 44-22 Nov 44
117th Cav Rcn Sq 26 Apr 45-9 May 45

Chemical

83d Cml Mort Bn 1 Nov 44-15 Nov 44
2d Cml Mort Bn -25 Dec 44
Co B, 96th Cml Mort Bn 2 Dec 44-
96th Cml Mort Bn 18 Apr 45-9 May 45

Field Artillery

242d FA Bn (105mm How) 21 Oct 44-28 Dec 44
45th Div Arty 21 Oct 44-21 Jan 45
79th Div Arty 23 Oct 44-25 Oct 44
59th Armd FA Bn 7 Nov 44
45th Div Arty 9 Nov 44-17 Nov 44
242d FA Bn (105mm How) 5 Dec 44-7 Dec 44
494th Armd FA Bn (12th Armd Div) 5 Dec 44-7 Dec 44
493d Armd FA Bn (12th Armd Div) 19 Dec 44-14 mar 45
494th Armd FA Bn (12th Armd Div) 26 Dec 44-6 Jan 45
493d Armd FA Bn (12th Armd Div) 2 Jan 45-6 Jan 45
423d Armd FA Bn (10th Armd Div) 21 Jan 45-10 Feb 45
63d Div Arty 3 Feb 45-6 Feb 45
493d Armd FA Bn (12th Armd Div) 11 Feb 45-16 Feb 45
693d FA Bn (105mm How) 12 Feb 45-14 Mar 45
494th Armd FA Bn (12th Armd Div) 14 Feb 45-16 Feb 45
495th Armd FA Bn (12th Armd Div) 14 Feb 45-16 Feb 45
64th Regiment d'artillerie Coloniale (Fr 2d Armd Div) 20 Feb 45-26 Feb 45
283d FA Bn (105mm How) 11 Mar 45-13 Mar 45
522d FA Bn (105mm How) 26 Mar 45-30 Mar 45
933d FA Bn (155mm How) 27 Mar 45-29 Mar 45
937th FA Bn (155mm How) 27 Mar 45-29 Mar 45
686th FA Bn (155mm How) 27 Mar 45-30 Mar 45
17th FA Bn (155mm How) 3 May 45-8 May 45
93d Armd FA Bn 8 May 45

Infantry

157th Inf (45th Div) 25 Nov 44-27 Nov 44
253d Inf (63d Div) 31 Dec 44-6 Feb 45
255th Inf (63d Div) 19 Jan 45-6 Feb 45

Tank Destroyer

813th TD Bn (SP) 23 Oct 44-31 Oct 44
776th TD Bn (SP) 31 Oct 44-21 Nov 44
776th TD Bn (SP) 25 Nov 44-9 May 45

 

[pages 173-174]

 

DETACHMENTS

(Attached to)

Engineer

Co C, 63d Engr C Bn 4th Div 9 Apr 45-18 Apr 45

Field Artillery

44th Div Arty 79th Div 17 Oct 44-24 Oct 44
44th Div Arty 45th Div 12 Mar 45-21 Mar 45
44th Div Arty 3d Div 24 Mar 45-27 Mar 45
44th Div Arty 45th Div 30 Mar 45-1 Apr 45

Infantry

114th Inf 79th Div 17 Oct 44-24 Oct 44
71st Inf 79th Div 18 Oct 44-24 Oct 44
324th Inf 79th Div 19 Oct 44-24 Oct 44
2d Bn, 324th Inf Fr 2d Armd Div 22 Nov 44-28 Nov 44
324th Inf VI Corps 8 Apr 45-10 Apr 45
324th Inf 4th Div 10 Apr 45-19 Apr 45
2d Bn, 324th Inf 10th Armd Div 19 Apr 45-21 Apr 45

 

[page 174]

 

ASSIGNMENT AND ATTACHMENT TO HIGHER UNITS

 

DATE CORPS ARMY ARMY GROUP
Assigned Attached Assigned Attached
26 Aug 44   Ninth   ETOUSA  
30 Aug 44   Ninth   12th  
5 Sep 44 III Ninth   12th  
10 Oct 44 (-) Ninth   12th  
14 Oct 44 XV (Sup & Opn) (-)   (-) 6th (Sup & Opn)
17 Oct 44 XV (Sup & Opn)   Seventh (Sup & Opn)   (-)
18 Oct 44 XV (Sup & Opn)   Seventh (Sup & Opn) 6th  
22 Nov 44 XV (Sup & Opn) Seventh   6th  
25 Nov 44 XV Seventh   6th  
8 Apr 45 (-) Seventh   6th  
15 Apr 45 XXI Tng Seventh   6th  
17 Apr 45 VI (Opns) Seventh   6th  

(-) Indicates relieved from assignment.

 

[page 175]

 

COMMAND POSTS

 

DATE TOWN REGION COUNTRY
15 Sep 44 St-Germain-de-Tournebut (1 km S) Manche France
15 Oct 44 Luneville Meurthe-et-Moselle France
24 Oct 44 Croismare Meurthe-et-Moselle France
19 Nov 44 Veho Meurthe-et-Moselle France
20 Nov 44 Avricourt Meurthe-et-Moselle France
21 Nov 44 Heming Moselle France
22 Nov 44 Sarrebourg Moselle France
23 Nov 44 Lixheim Moselle France
3 Dec 44 Drulingen Moselle France
7 Dec 44 Diemeringen Moselle France
13 Dec 44 Montbronn Moselle France
22 Dec 44 Siltzheim Bas-Rhin France
24 Dec 44 Herbitzheim Bas-Rhin France
25 mar 45 Munchof Rhineland Germany
27 Mar 45 Lampertheim Baden Germany
29 Mar 45 Viernheim Baden Germany
31 Mar 45 Babenhausen Hessen Germany
3 Apr 45 Alzenau Bavaria Germany
5 Apr 45 Kassel Kurhessen Germany
8 Apr 45 Unter Altertheim Baden Germany
16 Apr 45 Greussenheim Bavaria Germany
17 Apr 45 Simprechtshausen (vic E) Wurttemberg Germany
18 Arp 45 Waldenburg (vic W) Wurttemberg Germany
19 Apr 45 Michelfeld (vic W) Wurttemberg Germany
19 Apr 45 Oberroth (vic N) Wurttemberg Germany
20 Apr 45 Wildgarten (vic W) Wurttemberg Germany
20 Apr 45 Lorch (vic N) Wurttemberg Germany
21 Apr 45 Goppingen (vic) Wurttemberg Germany
23 Apr 45 Bad Ditzenbach Wurttemberg Germany
23 Apr 45 Gross Almendingen Wurttemberg Germany
24 Apr 45 Erbach Wurttemberg Germany
26 Apr 45 Burgrieden Wurttemberg Germany
26 Apr 45 Pless Bavaria Germany
27 Apr 45 Ottobeuren Bavaria Germany
28 Apr 45 Nesselwang Bavaria Germany
30 Apr 45 Reutte Tyrol Austria
4 May 45 Nassereith Tyrol Austria
4 May 45 Imst Tyrol Austria

 

[pages 176 (thru 16 Apr 45)-177]