3d ARMORED DIVISION

"Spearhead"

The mixture of insignia and distinctive colors of several arms incorporated in the Armored Force symbolize integrity and esprit. It is an interlocked ornament, found in Nordic monuments, composed of three torques: red for Artillery; blue for Infantry; and yellow for Cavalry. The symbols represent the characteristics of Armored Divisions: the tank track, mobility and armor protection; the cannon, fire power; and the red bolt of lightening, shock action.

[page 435]

COMMAND AND STAFF

Commanding General

15 Sep 1943 Maj Gen Leroy H. Watson
7 Aug 1944 Brig Gen Maurice Rose
5 Sep 1944 Maj Gen Maurice Rose
21 Mar 1945 Brig Gen Doyle O. Hickey

Arty Comdr

15 Sep 1943 Col Frederic G. Brown

CofS

15 Sep 1943 Col John A. Smith

ACofS G-1

15 Sep 1943 Lt Col Jack A. Boulger
1 Apr 1945 Maj George G. Otis

ACofS G-2

15 Sep 1943 Lt Col Andrew Barr

ACofS G-3

15 Sep 1943 Lt Col Howard M. Snyder
28 Aug 1943 Lt Col Wesley A. Sweat
1 Apr 1945 Maj James A Alexander
25 Apr 1945 Lt Col Wesley A Sweat

ACofS G-4

15 Sep 1943 Lt Col Eugene C Orth

ACofS G-5

22 Feb 1944 Lt Col William E Dahl
20 Apr 1945 Maj George F Cake

Adj Gen

15 Sep 1943 Lt Col Robert M Gant

CC A Comdr

15 Sep 1943 Brig Gen Doyle O Hickey
31 Mar 1945 Col Leander L Doan

CC B Comdr

15 Sep 1943 Brig Gen John J Bohn
15 Jul 1944 Col Truman Everett Boudinot
4 Sep 1944 Brig Gen Truman Everett Boudinot

CC R Comdr

15 Sep 1943 Col Graeme G Parks
19 Jul 1944 Col William W Cornog Jr
15 Aug 1944 Col Louis P Leone
6 Sep 1944 Col Carl J Rohsenberger
24 Sep 1944 Col Robert L Howze Jr

[page 436]

STATISTICS

Chronology

Activated 15 Apr 41
Arrived ETO 15 Sep 43
Arrived Continent (D/18) 24 Jun 44
Entered Combat:
    First Element 29 Jun 44
    Entire Division 9 Jul 44
Days in Combat 231

Casualties (Tentative)

Killed 2,540
Wounded 7,331
Missing 95
Captured 139
    Battle Casualties 10,105
    Non-Battle Casualties 6,017
    Total Casualties 16,122
Percent of T/O Strength 111.5

Campaigns

Normandy

Northern France

Ardennes

Rhineland

Central Europe

Individual Awards

DSC 17
Legion of Merit 23
Silver Star 885
Soldiers Medal 32
Bronze Star 3,884
Air Medal 138
DFC 3

PW's Taken: 76,720

COMPOSITION

ORGANIC UNITS

Headquarters Company

Service Company

Combat Command A

Combat Command B

36th Armored Inf Regiment

32d Armored Regiment

33d Armored Regiment

23d Armored Eng Bn

83d Armored Rcn Bn

143d Armored Sig Co

3d Armored Division Artillery

391st Armored Field Artillery Battalion

67th Armored Field Artillery Battalion

54th Armored Field Artillery Battalion

3d Armored Division Trains

3d Ordnance Maintenance Battalion

Supply Battalion

45th Armored Medical Battalion

Military Police Platoon

[page 437]

ATTACHMENTS

Antiaircraft Artillery

486th AAA AW Bn (SP) 25 Jun 44-9 May 45
413th AAA Gun Bn (Mbl) 7 Jul 44-16 Jul 44

Armored

Co A 738th Tk Bn (Mine Explorer) 6 Dec 44-15 Jan 45
1st & 3d Plats Co B 738th Tk Bn (Mine Explorer) 12 Jan 45-17 Jan 45

Cavalry

113th Cav Gp 8 Jul 44-10 Aug 44
4th Cav Gp 28 Feb 45-1 Mar 45
4th Cav Gp 3 Mar 45-8 Mar 45

Chemical

Cos A & C 87th Cml Bn 24 Dec 44-31 Dec 44

Engineer

294th Engr C Bn 25 Oct 44-9 Nov 44
1st Plat Co B 15th Engr C Bn (9th Div) 27 Oct 44-11 Nov 44
298th Engr C Bn 9 Nov 44-10 Nov 44
Co B 15th Engr C Bn (9th Div) 11 Nov 44-1 Dec 44
298th Engr C Bn 27 Dec 44-30 Dec 44
Co B 297th Engr C Bn 27 Dec 44-30 Dec 44

Field Artillery

967th FA Bn (155 How) 29 Jun 44-30 Jun 44
58th Armd FA Bn 3 Jul 44-10 Aug 44
963d FA Bn (155 How) 7 Jul 44-9 Jul 44
258th FA Bn (155 Gun) 8 Jul 44-10 Aug 44
87th Armd FA Bn 9 Jul 44-28 Aug 44
258th FA Bn (155 Gun) 10 Aug 44-14 Aug 44
991st FA Bn (155 Gun) 12 Aug 44-20 Sep 44
60th FA Bn (9th Div) (105 How) 13 Aug 44-15 Aug 44
58th Armd FA Bn 18 Aug 44-1 Oct 44
84th FA Bn (9th Div) (105 How) 27 Oct 44-11 Nov 44
83d Armd FA Bn 20 Dec 44-31 Dec 44
991st FA Bn (-2 btrys) (155 Gun) 21 Dec 44-31 Dec 44
188th FA Bn (155 How) 23 Dec 44-31 Dec 44
75th Div Arty 24 Dec 44-7 Jan 45
991st FA Bn (155 Gun) 2 Jan 45-11 Jan 45
183d FA Bn (155 How) 2 Jan 45-11 Jan 45
83d Armd FA Bn 2 Jan 45-9 May 45
183d FA Bn (155 How) 12 Jan 45-20 Jan 45
Btry A 991st FA Bn (155 Gun) 17 Jan 45-19 Jan 45
991st FA Bn (155 Gun) 25 Feb 45-9 Mar 45
183d FA Bn (155 How) 25 Feb 45-24 Apr 45
991st FA Bn (155 Gun) 29 Mar 45-1 Apr 45
138th FA Bn (155 How) 29 Mar 45-8 Apr 45
991st FA Bn (155 Gun) 6 Apr 45-13 May 45
Btry A 13th FA Obsn Bn 17 Apr 45-23 Apr 45

Infantry

1st Bn 60th Inf (9th Div) 9 Jul 44-11 Jul 44
2d Bn 60th Inf (9th Div) 10 Jul 44-11 Jul 44
3d Bn 60th Inf (9th Div) 13 Aug 44-15 Aug 44
2d & 3d Bns 60th Inf (9th Div) 17 Aug 44-19 Aug 44
1st Bn 26th Inf (1st Div) 6 Sep 44-23 Sep 44
47th Inf (9th Div) 8 Sep 44-10 Sep 44
47th CT (9th Div) 25 Oct 44-10 Nov 45
    84th FA Bn (9th Div) (105 How) 25 Oct 44-10 Nov 44
    1 Plat Co B 15th Engr C Bn (9th Div) 25 Oct 44-10 Nov 44
    Co A 746th Tk Bn 25 Oct 44-10 Nov 44
    Co C 899th TD Bn (SP) 25 Oct 44-10 Nov 44
    Btry D 376th AAA AW Bn (Mbl) 25 Oct 44-10 Nov 44
2d Bn 47th Inf (9th Div) 24 Nov 44-26 Nov 44
1st Bn 60th Inf (9th Div) 11 Dec 44-12 Dec 44
1st Bn 517th Prcht Inf (Non-Div) 22 Dec 44-26 Dec 44
509th Prcht Inf Bn (Non-Div) 23 Dec 44-29 Dec 44
290th CT (75th Div) 23 Dec 44-31 Dec 44
    898th CT (75th Div) 23 Dec 44-31 Dec 44
    1 plat Co B 275th Engr C Bn (75th Div) 23 Dec 44-31 Dec 44
    Btry A 440th AAA AW Bn (Mbl) 23 Dec 44-31 Dec 44
289th CT (75th Div) 24 Dec 44-29 Dec 44
    897th FA Bn (75th Div) (105 How) 24 Dec 44-29 Dec 44
    730th FA Bn (155 How) (75th Div) 24 Dec 44-29 Dec 44
    Btry A 440th AAA AW Bn (Mbl) 24 Dec 44-29 Dec 44
331st Inf (83d Div) 29 Dec 44-31 Dec 44
330th Inf (83d Div) 1 Jan 45-7 Jan 45
2d & 3d Bns 330th Inf (83d Div) 7 Jan 45-19 Jan 45
1st Bn 330th Inf (83d Div) 11 Jan 45-19 Jan 45
335th Inf (84th Div) 18 Jan 45-21 Jan 45
13th Inf (8th Div) 26 Feb 45-17 Mar 45
395th CT (99th Div) 28 Feb 45-2 Mar 45
    924th FA Bn (99th Div) (105 How) 28 Feb 45-2 Mar 45
    Co C 629th Tk Bn 28 Feb 45-2 Mar 45
    Co C 786th Tk Bn 28 Feb 45-2 Mar 45
3d Bn 13th Inf (8th Div) 17 Mar 45-19 Mar 45
414th Inf (104th Div) 23 Mar 45-12 Apr 45
3d Bn 47th Inf (9th Div) 11 Apr 45-24 Apr 45
1st Bn 18th Inf (1st Div) 11 Apr 45-25 Apr 45
2d Bn 414th Inf (104th Div) 12 Apr 445-22 Apr 45
60th Inf (9th Div) 22 Apr 45-24 Apr 45

Tank Destroyer

803d TD Bn (SP) 25 Jun 44-2 Jul 44
703d TD Bn (SP) 25 Jun 44-17 Dec 44
643d TD Bn (SP) 22 Dec 44-26 Dec 44
703d TD Bn (SP) 2 Jan 45- 9 May 45
2d Plat Co B 635th TD Bn (T) 15 Jan 45-20 Jan 45

[page 439]

DETACHMENTS

(Attached To)

Armored

CC B 30th Div 8 Jul 44-16 Jul 44
    33d Armd Regt 30th Div 8 Jul 44-16 Jul 44
    36th Armd Inf (-3d Bn) 30th Div 8 Jul 44-16 Jul 44
    Co D 83d Armd Rcn Bn 30th Div 8 Jul 44-16 Jul 44
    Co B 23d Armd Engr Bn 30th Div 8 Jul 44-16 Jul 44
CC A 9th Div 9 Jul 44-16 Jul 44
    32d Armd Regt 9th Div 9 Jul 44-16 Jul 44
    3d Bn 36th Armd Inf 9th Div 9 Jul 44-16 Jul 44
    83d Armd Rcn Bn 9th Div 9 Jul 44-16 Jul 44
    Cos A & C 23d Armd Engr Bn 9th Div 9 Jul 44-16 Jul 44
CC B 1st Div 26 Jul 44-30 Jul 44
    33d Armd Regt 1st Div 26 Jul 44-30 Jul 44
    36th Armd Inf (-3d Bn) 1st Div 26 Jul 44-30 Jul 44
    391st Armd FA Bn 1st Div 26 Jul 44-30 Jul 44
    83d Armd Rcn Bn 1st Div 26 Jul 44-30 Jul 44
    Cos B & D 23d Armd Engr Bn 1st Div 26 Jul 44-30 Jul 44
CC B 4th Div 30 Jul 44-4 Aug 44
    33d Armd Regt 4th Div 30 Jul 44-4 Aug 44
    36th Armd Inf (-3d Bn) 4th Div 30 Jul 44-4 Aug 44
    391st Armd FA Bn 4th Div 30 Jul 44-4 Aug 44
    83d Armd Rcn Bn 4th Div 30 Jul 44-4 Aug 44
    Cos B & D 23d Armd Engr Bn 4th Div 30 Jul 44-4 Aug 44
CC A 1st Div 30 Jul 44-12 Aug 44
    32d Armd Regt 1st Div 30 Jul 44-12 Aug 44
    3d GBn 36th Armd Inf 1st Div 30 Jul 44-12 Aug 44
    54th Armd FA Bn 1st Div 30 Jul 44-12 Aug 44
    67th Armd FA Bn 1st Div 30 Jul 44-12 Aug 44
    Co A & C 23d Armd Engr Bn 1st Div 30 Jul 44-12 Aug 44
CC B 1st Div 4 Aug 44-7 Aug 44
    33d Armd Regt 1st Div 4 Aug 44-7 Aug 44
    36th Armd Inf (-3d Bn) 1st Div 4 Aug 44-7 Aug 44
    391st Armd FA Bn 1st Div 4 Aug 44-7 Aug 44
    83d Armd Rcn Bn 1st Div 4 Aug 44-7 Aug 44
    B & D Cos 23d Armd Engr Bn 1st Div 4 Aug 44-7 Aug 44
CC B 30th Div 7 Aug 44-12 Aug 44
    33d Armd Regt 30th Div 7 Aug 44-12 Aug 44
    36th Armd Inf 30th Div 7 Aug 44-12 Aug 44
    87th Armd FA Bn 30th Div 7 Aug 44-12 Aug 44
    391st Armd FA Bn 30th Div 7 Aug 44-12 Aug 44
    83d Armd Rcn Bn 30th Div 7 Aug 44-12 Aug 44
    B & D Cos 23d Armd Engr Bn 30th Div 7 Aug 44-12 Aug 44
    1 det Co E 23d Armd Engr Bn 30th Div 7 Aug 44-12 Aug 44
Task Force King CC B 9th Div 5 Sep 44-6 Sep 44
    1st Bn 33d Armd Regt 9th Div 5 Sep 44-6 Sep 44
    Co F 36th Armd Inf 9th Div 5 Sep 44-6 Sep 44
    3d Plat Rcn Co 33d Armd Regt 9th Div 5 Sep 44-6 Sep 44
2d Plat Co B 23d Armd Engr Bn 9th Div 5 Sep 44-6 Sep 44
Co E 33d Armd Regt 26th Inf 11 Oct 44-22 Oct 44
Co H 32d Armd Regt 9th Div 13 Oct 44-17 Oct 44
3d Bn 33d Armd Regt 26th Inf 15 Oct 44-22 Oct 44
CC A V Corps 18 Dec 44-21 Dec 44
    32d Armd Regt (-1st Plat) V Corps 18 Dec 44-21 Dec 44
    3d Bn 36th Armd Inf V Corps 18 Dec 44-21 Dec 44
    67th Armd FA Bn V Corps 18 Dec 44-21 Dec 44
    Co A 23d Armd Engr Bn V Corps 18 Dec 44-21 Dec 44
CC B 30th Div 19 Dec 44-25 Dec 44
    33d Armd Regt (-3d Bn) 30th Div 19 Dec 44-25 Dec 44
    2d Bn 36th Armd Inf 30th Div 19 Dec 44-25 Dec 44
    Co D 23d Armd Engr Bn 30th Div 19 Dec 44-25 Dec 44
CC B V Corps 19 Dec 44-20 Jan 45
    33d Armd Regt (-3d Bn) V Corps 19 Dec 44-20 Jan 45
    2d Bn 36th Armd Inf V Corps 19 Dec 44-20 Jan 45
    Co D 23d Armd Engr Bn V Corps 19 Dec 44-20 Jan 45
Task Force Doan 84th Div 23 Dec 44-22 Jan 45
    Hq 32d Armd Regt 84th Div 23 Dec 44-22 Jan 45
    2d Bn 32d Armd Regt 84th Div 23 Dec 44-22 Jan 45
    3d Bn 36th Armd Inf (-1 co) 84th Div 23 Dec 44-22 Jan 45
CC A 75th Div 29 Dec 44-30 Dec 44
    3d Bn 32d Armd Regt 75th Div 29 Dec 44-30 Dec 44
    Co I 36th Armd Inf 75th Div 29 Dec 44-30 Dec 44
    67th Armd FA Bn 75th Div 29 Dec 44-30 Dec 44
    54th Armd FA Bn 75th Div 29 Dec 44-30 Dec 44
    83d Armd Rcn Bn 75th Div 29 Dec 44-30 Dec 44
    Co A 23d aRmd Engr Bn 75th Div 29 Dec 44-30 Dec 44
Task Force Richardson 84th Div 2 Jan 45-23 Jan 45
    3d Bn 32d Armd Regt 84th Div 2 Jan 45-23 Jan 45
    1 plat Co A 23d Armd Engr Bn 84th Div 2 Jan 45-23 Jan 45
CC R 1st Div 8 Mar 45-17 Mar 45
    3d Bn 32d Armd Regt 1st Div 8 Mar 45-17 Mar 45
    2d Bn 33d Armd Regt 1st Div 8 Mar 45-17 Mar 45
    3d Bn 36th Armd Inf 1st Div 8 Mar 45-17 Mar 45
    Co C 23d Armd Engr Bn 1st Div 8 Mar 45-17 Mar 45
Co E 23d Armd Engr Bn 1106th Engr C Gp 17 Mar 45-25 Mar 45
CC R 1st Div 20 Mar 45-22 Mar 45
CC R (Contd) 1st Div 20 Mar 45-22 Mar 45
    3d Bn 32d Armd Regt 1st Div 20 Mar 45-22 Mar 45
    2d Bn 33d Armd Regt 1st Div 20 Mar 45-22 Mar 45
    3d Bn 36th Armd Inf 1st Div 20 Mar 45-22 Mar 45
    Co C 23d Armd Engr Bn 1st Div 20 Mar 45-22 Mar 45
CC A 9th Div 24 Apr 45-25 Apr 45
CC R 9th Div 24 Apr 45-25 Apr 45

Engineer

Co A 23d Armd Engr Bn 9th Div 1 Jul 44-31 Jul 44
Co D 23d Armd Engr Bn 9th Div 11 Jul 44-16 Jul 44

Field Artillery

54th Armd FA Bn 9th Div 1 Jul 44-31 Jul 44

Infantry

1st Bn 36th Armd Inf 9th Div 13 Oct 44-17 Oct 44
2d Bn 36th Armd Inf 1st Div 1 Dec 44-8 Dec 44

[page 442]

ASSIGNMENTS AND ATTACHMENTS

DATE CORPS ARMY ARMY GROUP
Assigned Attached Assigned Attached
20 Nov 43 VII First   ETOUSA  
8 Feb 44 XIX First      
15 Jul 44 VII First      
1 Aug 44 VII First   12th  
19 Dec 44 XVIII Abn First   12th  
20 Dec 44 XVIII Abn First   12th Br 21st
23 Dec 44 VII First   12th Br 21st
18 Jan 45 VII First   12th -
1 May 45 XIX Ninth   12th  

(-) Indicated relieved from assignment

[page 443]

COMMAND POSTS

DATE TOWN REGION COUNTRY
1943
15 Sep Landed Liverpool Lancashire England
17 Sep Bruton (Redlynch House) Somerset England
1944
25 Jun Les Oubeaux (¾ mi W; S of Isigny) Calvados France
9 Jul La Fotelaie (½ mi W; vic Ariel) Manche France
9 Jul St-Jean-de-Daye (¾ mi E) Manche France
17 Jul Le Mesnil-Veneron Manche France
29 Jul Carantilly (1 mi S) Manche France
31 Jul Hambye (1 ½ mi N) Manche France
4 Aug Cherencey le Heron Manche France
9 Aug Chatillon-sur-Colmont (1 ½ mi S) Mayenne France
13 Aug Pre-en-Pail Mayenne France
15 Aug Ranes (3 mi S) Orne France
17 Aug Ranes (3 mi N) Orne France
22 Aug Favieres (1 ½ mi E) Eure-et-Loir France
25 Aug Mennecy (1 ½ mi W) Seine-et-Oise France
26 Aug Quincy-sous-Senart Seine-et-Oise France
27 Aug Magny-le-Hongre (1 mi SW) Seine-et-Oise France
28 Aug Levignen (1 mi NE) Oise France
29 Aug Soissons (Sermoise) Aisne France
30 Aug Braye-en-Laonnois Aisne France
31 Aug Montcornet (½ mi S) Aisne France
1 Sep La Capelle Aisne France
2 Sep Mons (5 mi S) Hainaut Belgium
4 Sep Charleroi (Chatelineau) Hainaut Belgium
5 Sep Namur Namur Belgium
6 Sep Huy (2 mi W) Liege Belgium
7 Sep Sur Cortil (near Tilff) Liege Belgium
9 Sep Louviegne Liege Belgium
10 Sep Verviers Liege Belgium
11 Sep Eupen Liege Belgium
13 Sep Raerem Liege Belgium
15 Sep Dorff Rhineland Germany
21 Sep Stolberg Rhineland Germany
20 Dec Hotton Luxembourg Belgium
21 Dec Erezee (½ mi SW) Luxembourg Belgium
22 Dec Manhay Luxembourg Belgium
23 Dec Noiseux Luxembourg Belgium
24 Dec Barvaux Luxembourg Belgium
31 Dec Chateau de Bouillon (vic Havelange) Liege Belgium
1945
2 Jan Werbomont Liege Belgium
3 Jan La Fourche Liege Belgium
6 Jan Bra Liege Belgium
8 Jan Lierneux Liege Belgium
14 Jan Hebronval Liege Belgium
21 Jan Petite Somme Liege Belgium
7 Feb Stolberg Rhineland Germany
25 Feb Mariaweiler Rhineland Germany
26 Feb Arnoldsweiler Rhineland Germany
26 Feb Morschenich Rhineland Germany
27 Feb Elsdorf (Sittarderhof) (2 ½ mi SE) Rhineland Germany
3 Mar Niederaussem Rhineland Germany
5 Mar Pulheim Rhineland Germany
7 Mar Cologne Rhineland Germany
17 Mar Hermulheim Rhineland Germany
22 Mar Honnef (Mauser Home) (1 ½ mi S) Rhineland Germany
25 Mar Eudenbach Rhineland Germany
25 Mar Griesenbach (Oberscheid) (½ mi S) Rhineland Germany
26 Mar Maulsbach Rhineland Germany
27 Mar Altenkirchen Rhineland Germany
27 Mar Atzelgift Rhineland Germany
28 Mar Schonbach Nassau Germany
29 Mar Ober-Marsberg Westphalia Germany
30 Mar Etteln (1 mi NE) Westphalia Germany
31 Mar Etteln Westphalia Germany
2 Apr Nordborchen Westphalia Germany
6 Apr Brakel Westphalia Germany
9 Apr Adelebsen Hannover Germany
10 Apr Werningerode Magdeburg Germany
12 Apr Sangerhausen Halle-Merseburg Germany
13 Apr Freist Halle-Merseburg Germany
14 Apr Lingenau Anhalt-Dessau Germany
25 Apr Sangerhausen Halle-Merseburg Germany

[page 447]


page created 5 March 2001


Return to CMH Online