28th INFANTRY DIVISION

"Bloody Bucket Division"
"Keystone Division"

The red keystone, official emblem of the State of Pennsylvania, is the official shoulder sleeve insignia of the 28th Division which was originally a Pennsylvania National Guard organization. The Germans called it the "Bloody Bucket" because of the blood-red keystone insignia and vicious fighting tactics during the Normandy Campaign.

Motto: "Fire and Movement"

[page 109]

COMMAND AND STAFF

Commanding General
18 Oct 1943  Maj Gen Lloyd D Brown 
13 Aug 1944  Brig Gen James E Wharton 
14 Aug 1944 Brig Gen Norman D Cota
26 Sep 1944 Maj Gen Norman D Cota

Assistant Div Commdr
18 Oct 1943  Brig Gen Kenneth Buchanan 
31 Aug 1944 Brig Gen George A Davis
1 Mar 1945 Brig Gen Edmund B Sebree

Arty Comdr
18 Oct 1943  Brig Gen Basil H Perry 

CofS
18 Oct 1943  Col Charles H Valentine 
7 Dec 1944 Col Jesse L Gibney

ACofS G-1
15 Dec 1943 Lt Col Forrest Caraway
14 Apr 1945 Lt Col Lauren W Merriam

ACofS G-2
15 Dec 1943  Lt Col Harry S Messec 
17 Apr 1945 Maj David Y Hurwitz

ACofS G-3
15 Dec 1943  Lt Col Thomas E Briggs 
1 Nov 1944 Lt Col Benjamin J Tarpani
1 Dec 1944 Lt Col Thomas E Briggs
27 Dec 1944 Maj Carl W Plitt
7 Mar 1945 Lt Col Carl W Plitt
7 May 1945 Lt Col William f Train

ACofS G-4
15 Dec 1943  Lt Col John C Davis 
1 Nov 1943 Maj Harry S Manry
31 Aug 1944 Lt Col Harry S Manry

ACofS G-5
31 May 1944  Maj John M Gregory
15 Jun 1944 Maj Norman R S Thompson
7 Mar 1945 Lt Col Norman R S Thompson

Adj Gen
15 Dec 1943  Lt Col Paul M Kienzie

CO 109th Inf *
May 1945 Col James E Rudder

CO 110th Inf *
May 1945  Col Daniel B Strickler 

CO 112th Inf *
May 1945 Col Gustin M Nelson

*Unable to obtain regimental Commanders prior to May 1945

[page 110]

STATISTICS

Chronology
Inducted
17 Feb 41
Arrived ETO
18 Oct 43
Arrived Continent (D/48) 
24 Jul 44 
Entered Combat:   
First Elements 
22 Jul 44 
Entire Division 
27 Jul 44 
Days in Combat 
196 

Casualties (Tentative)
 
Killed
1,901 
Wounded
9,157 
Missing
2,599 
Captured
2,247 
Battle Casualties
15,904 
Non-Battle Casualties
8,936 
Total Casualties
24,840 
Percent of T/O Strength
176.3 

Campaigns

Normandy

Northern France

Ardennes

Rhineland

Central Europe

Individual Awards
 
DSC
16
Legion of Merit
4
Silver Star
258
Soldiers Medal
16
Bronze Star
2,029
Air Medal
92

PWs Taken 8,661

COMPOSITION

ORGANIC UNITS

109th Infantry

110th Infantry

112th Infantry

28th Reconnaissance Troop (Mecz)

103d Engineer Combat Battalion

103d Medical Battalion

28th Division Artillery

107th Field Artillery Battalion (105 Howitzer)

109th Field Artillery Battalion (105 Howitzer)

229th Field Artillery Battalion (105 Howitzer)

108st Field Artillery Battalion (155 Howitzer)

Special Troops

728th Ordnance Light Maintenance Company

28th Quartermaster Company

28th Signal Company

Military Police Platoon

Headquarters Company

Band

[page 111]

ATTACHMENTS

Antiaircraft Artillery
 
447th AAA AW Bn (Mbl) 27 Jul 44-30 Jul 44
18th AAA Gp 28 Jul 44-25 Aug 44
447th AAA AW Bn (Mbl) 26 Aug 44-30 Sep 44
447th AAA AW Bn (Mbl) 19 Jan 45-4 Jul 45
321st AAA Gp 18 Apr 45-22 Apr 45
446th AAA AW Bn (Mbl) 18 Apr 45-22 Apr 45

Armored
 
744th Tk Bn 30 Jul 44-27 Aug 44
707th Tk Bn 6 Oct 44-8 Jan 45
CC B (9th Armd Div) 9 Jan 45-10 Jan 45
2 plats Co B 709th Tk Bn 1 Feb 45-3 Feb 45
777th Tk Bn 28 Feb 45-26 Mar 45

Cavalry
 
113th Cav Gp 29 Jul 44-2 Aug 44
113th Cav Gp 2 Aug 44-4 Aug 44
85th Cav Rcn Sq (5th Armd Div) 7 Sep 44-9 Sep 44
32d Cav Rcn Sq 19 Nov 44-10 Dec 44

Chemical
 
Co D 87th Cml Bn 26 Oct 44-4 Nov 44
Co C 86th Cml Mort Bn 28 Oct 44-15 Nov 44
86th Cml Mort Bn (- Co C) 28 Oct 44- 19 Nov 44
Co A 86th Cml Mort Bn 1 Mar 45-14 Mar 45

Engineer
 
20th & 1340th Engr C Bns 1171st Engr C Gp 24 Oct 44-19 Nov 44
146th Engr C Bn (- Co B) 30 Oct 44-19 Nov 44
44th Engr C Bn  17 Dec 44-22 Dec 44
209th Engr C Bn 20 Jan 45-5 Feb 45
1282d Engr C Bn 27 Apr 45-20 May 45
1158th Engr C Gp  28 Apr 45-20 May 45
288th Engr C Bn 28 Apr 45-20 May 45
1286th Engr C Bn 28 Apr 45-20 May 45

Field Artillery
 
18th FA Bn (105 How)  1 Aug 44-6 Aug 44 
187th FA Bn (155 How)  30 Aug 44-3 Sep 44 
Btry A 987th FA Bn (155 Gun)  7 Oct 44-9 Nov 44 
76th FA Bn (105 How)  28 Oct 44-19 Nov 44 
687th FA Bn (105 How)  19 Nov 44-1 Jan 45 
58th Armd FA Bn  17 Dec 44-23 Dec 44 
770th FA Bn (4.5" Gun)  24 Dec 44-29 Dec 44 
73d Armd FA Bn (9th Armd Div)  24 Dec 44-29 Dec 44 
Fr 20th Mule Co  20 Jan 45-1 Feb 45 
Fr 14th Mule Co  20 Jan 45-7 Feb 45 

[page 112]

Field Artillery (Contd)
 
283d FA Bn (105 How) 28 Jan 45- 11 Feb 45
494th Armd FA Bn (12th Armd Div) 4 Feb 45-9 Feb 45
495th Armd FA Bn (12th Armd Div) 7 Feb 45 -10 Feb 45
773d FA Bn (4.5" Gun) 12 Feb 45-17 Feb 45
253d Armd FA Bn 19 Mar 45-21 Apr 45
658th FA Bn (8" How) 18 Apr 45-22 Apr 45
761st FA Bn (155 How) 18 Apr 45-22 Apr 45
790th FA Bn (8" How) 18 Apr 45-22 Apr 45

Infantry
 
12th CT (4th Div)  6 Nov 44-10 Nov 44
42d FA Bn (4th Div) (105 How)
6 Nov 44-10 Nov 44 
1st plat Co B 4th Engr C Bn (4th Div)
6 Nov 44-10 Nov 44 
Co A 801st TD Bn (SP)
6 Nov 44-10 Nov 44 
2d Ranger Inf Bn  14 Nov 44-19 Nov 44 
Fr 2d Bn (Fr 2d Military Region) 2 Jan 45-16 Jan 45 
Fr 6th Bn (Fr 2d Military Region) 2 Jan 45-16 Jan 45 
Fr 8th Bn (Fr 2d Military Region) 2 Jan 45-16 Jan 45 
Fr 9th Bn (Fr 2d Military Region) 2 Jan 45-16 Jan 45
Fr 4th Bn (Fr 2d Military Region) 2 Jan 45-16 Jan 45
Fr 4th Bn (Fr 20th Military Region) 2 Jan 45-16 Jan 45
Fr 5th Bn (Fr 20th Military Region) 2 Jan 45-16 Jan 45 
Fr 14th Bn (Fr 20th Military Region) 2 Jan 45-16 Jan 45 
106th Inf Co Fr 3d Bn 2 Jan 45-16 Jan 45 
302d CT (94th Div) 8 Jan 45-10 Jan 45
356th FA Bn (94th Div) (105 How)
8 Jan 45-10 Jan 45
1 plat Co B 319th Engr C Bn (94th Div)
8 Jan 45-10 Jan 45
2d Bn Dutch 13th Regt Limberg 11 Apr 45 -18 Apr 45
2d Co Belg 22d Fusilliers Bn 18 Apr 45-22 Apr 45
4th Co Belg 22d Fusilliers Bn 18 Apr 45-22 Apr 45
Fr 146th Inf Regt 5 May 45-44 Jul 45

Tank Destroyer
 
630th TD Bn (T)  20 Jul 44-30 Sep 44 
803d TD Bn (SP)  2 Aug 44-4 Aug 44 
629th TD Bn (SP)  16 Sep 44-30 Sep 44 
741st TD Bn  19 Sep 44-30 Sep 44 
893d TD Bn (SP) (- Co A)  29 Oct 44-19 Nov 44 
602d TD Bn (SP) (-)  24 Dec 44-31 Dec 44 
7th TD Gp (-)  27 Dec 44-30 Dec 44 
630th TD Bn (T)  19 Jan 45-13 Mar 45 
Co B 612th TD Bn (SP)  2 Mar 45-5 Mar 45 
Co A 661st TD Bn (SP)  5 Mar 45-16 Mar 45 
Co B 607th TD Bn (T)  18 Mar 45-21 Mar 45 
630th TD Bn (T)  3 Apr 45-8 Apr45 
630th TD Bn (T)  24 Apr 45-4 Jul 45

[page 113]

DETACHMENTS

(Attached to)

Cavalry
28th Rcn Tr  First Army  7 Apr 45-22 Apr 45 

Engineer
1 plat Co B 103d Engr C Bn  2d Div  8 Mar 45-10 Mar 45 

Field Artillery
 
229th FA Bn  30th Div  5 Dec 44-11 Jan 45 

Infantry
1st Bn 110th Inf  29th Div  31 Jul 44-31 Jul 44 
112th CT  5th Armd Div  13 Sep 44-26 Sep 44 
Co A 110th Inf  V Corps  5 Oct 44-15 Oct 44 
1st Bn (-Co A) 110th Inf  102d Cav Gp  7 Oct 44-18 Oct 44 
2d Bn 110th Inf  5th Armd Div  15 Oct 44-26 Oct 44 
1st Bn (-Co A) 110th Inf  1st Div  18 Oct 44-23 Oct 44 
112th CT  8th Div  15 Nov 44-19 Nov 44 
112th CT  106th Div  19 Dec 44-23 Dec 44 
109th Inf  9th Armd Div  20 Dec 44-22 Dec 44 
109th CT 10th Armd Div 22 Dec 44-26 Dec 44
3d Bn 112th Inf 82d Abn Div 23 Dec 44-25 Dec 44
2d Bn 112th Inf 75th Div 28 Dec 44-4 Jan 45
112th CT 30th Div 5 Jan 45-11 Jan 45
112th Inf 78th Div  19 Apr 45-25 Apr 45

[page 114]

ASSIGNMENT AND ATTACHMENT TO HIGHER UNITS
 
 
DATE CORPS ARMY ARMY GROUP
Assigned Attached Assigned Attached
26 Sep 43     ETOUSA  
22 Oct 43  First       
14 Apr 44 XX Third       
24 Apr 44    Third  First     
26 Jul 44  XIX Third  First     
30 Jul 44  XIX First    
1 Aug 44  XIX  First    12th   
28 Aug 44  First    12th   
19 Nov 44  VIII First   12th   
20 Dec 44 VIII Third    12th   
5 Jan 45  VIII Third  Oise Sec Com Z (Sup) 12th   
6 Jan 45 VIII  Third  - 12th 
8 Jan 45  - Third    12th   
9 Jan 45   Fifteenth   12th   
16 Jan 45   Fifteenth Seventh 12th 6th
19 Jan 45   Fifteenth Seventh 12th 6th
20 Jan 45 Fr II Fifteenth Seventh 12th 6th
28 Jan 45 XXI Fifteenth Seventh 12th 6th
14 Feb 45 - Fifteenth Seventh 12th 6th
19 Feb 45     - 12th -
21 Feb 45 V First   12th  
16 Mar 45 VIII Third   12th  
22 Mar 45 V First   12th  
28 Mar 45 III First   12th  
7 Apr 45 - First   12th  
10 Apr 45   Fifteenth   12th  
13 Apr 45 XXII Fifteenth   12th  
26 Apr 45 XXIII Fifteenth   12th  

[page 115-116]

COMMAND POSTS
 
DATE TOWN REGION COUNTRY
1943
19 Oct Tenby (Hotel Belgrave) Pembrokeshire England
1944
15 Apr Chiseldon Wiltshire England
24 Jul Omaha Beach Manche France
24 Jul Treveries (3 mi SW) Manche France
29 Jul Agneau ( mi W) Manche France
31 Jul La Denisiere (1 mi NE) Manche France
2 Aug La Tilandiere ( mi NW) Manche France
3 Aug Margueray ( mi NE) Manche France
4 Aug Courson (1 mi NE) Calvados France
6 Aug St-Sever Calvados (3 mi SE) Calvados France
10 Aug Champ du Boult (1 mi E) Calvados France
12 Aug Gathemo (1 mi N) Manche France
14 Aug Sourdeval (1 mi S) Manche France
15 Aug Ger (1 mi SE) Manche France
21 Aug Barre ( mi NW) Manche France
22 Aug Beauche Eure-et-Loire France
23 Aug Damville Eure France
24 Aug Quittebeuf Eure France
27 Aug Houdan Seine-et-Oise France
28 Aug Versailles Seine-et-Oise France
29 Aug Paris Seine France
29 Aug St-Denis Seine France
30 Aug Chatenay-en-France Seine-et-Oise France
31 Aug Raray (1 mi W) Oise France
3 Sep Marest Oise France
4 Sep Nizy-le-Compte Aisne France
5 Sep Wagnon (1 mi SW) Ardennes France
6 Sep Boulzicourt (1 mi E) Ardennes France
7 Sep Douzy (1 mi E) Ardennes France
8 Sep Florenville Luxembourg Belgium
10 Sep Habay La Neuve (3 mi NE) Luxembourg Belgium
11 Sep Trois Vierges (2 mi NE)   Luxembg
4 Oct Elsenborn (1 mi NW) Liege Belgium
25 Oct Rott Rhineland Germany
19 Nov Wiltz Rhineland Luxembg
19 Dec Sibret Liege Belgium
21 Dec Vaux Les Rosieres Luxembourg Belgium
22 Dec Neufchateau Luxembourg Belgium
1945
2 Jan Charleville Ardennes France
17 Jan Ste-Marie-aux-Mines Haut-Rhin France
1 Feb Kayserberg Haut-Rhin France
4 Feb Colmar Haut-Rhin France
8 Feb Rouffach Haut-Rhin France
14 Feb Toul Meurthe-et-Moselle France
19 Feb Sprimont Liege Belgium
21 Feb Wahlerscheid Rhineland Germany
8 Mar Mulheim Rhineland Germany
17 Mar Niedermendig Rhineland Germany
29 Mar Frickhofen Nassau Germany
10 Apr Herzogenrath Rhineland Germany
23 Apr Kaiserslautern Rhineland Germany

[pages 117-119]