1st INFANTRY DIVISION

"Fighting First Division"

"Red One Division"

The "Red One" Division achieved a number of firsts in World War I--to arrive in France, to be at the front, to fire at enemy, to raid, to suffer casualties and to be cited in general orders. Thus the insignia is a large, red numeral "one" on an olive drab shield. The "Fighting First" also fought in North Africa and Sicily.

Motto: "Duty first"

[page 1]

COMMAND AND STAFF

Commanding General
 
5 Nov 43 Maj. Gen. Clarence R. Huebner
7 Dec 43 Brig. Gen. Willard G. Wyman (Acting)
14 Dec 43 Maj. Gen. Clarence R. Huebner
11 Dec 44 Brig Gen Clift Andrus (Acting)
13 Dec 44 Brig. Gen. Clift Andrus
17 Mar 45 Maj. Gen. Clift Andrus
Assistant Division Commander
 
5 Nov 43 Brig. Gen. Willard G. Wyman
7 Oct 44 Brig. Gen. George A. Taylor
Artillery Commander
 
5 Nov 43 Brig. Gen. Clift Andrus
14 Dec 44 Col. William E. Waters
21 Mar 45 Brig. Gen. William E. Waters
Chief of Staff
 
5 Nov 43 Col. Stanhope B. Mason
14 Dec 44 Lt. Col. Clarence E. Beck (Acting)
7 Jan 45 Col. Verdi B. Barnes 
Assistant Chief of Staff G-1
 
5 Nov 43 Lt. Col. Charles S. Ware
Assistant Chief of Staff G-2
 
5 Nov 43 Maj. Robert F. Evans
9 Nov 43 Lt. Col. Verdi B. Barnes
27 Nov 43 Maj. Robert F. Evans
15 Apr 44 Lt. Col. Robert F. Evans
9 Apr 45 Maj. John H. Lauten
Assistant Chief of Staff G-3
 
5 Nov 43 Lt. Col. Frederick W. Gibb
16 Jul 44 Lt. Col. Clarence E. Beck
14 Dec 44 Maj. Kenneth B. Lord (Acting)
7 Jan 45 Lt. Col. Clarence E. Beck
Assistant Chief of Staff G-4
 
5 Nov 43 Lt. Col. Verdi B. Barnes (Acting)
19 Nov 43 Lt. Col. Clarence M. Eymer
14 Dec 44 Lt. Col. Donald M. Curtis
Assistant Chief of Staff G-5
 
5 Nov 43 Lt. Col. John M. Rogers, Jr.
15 Aug 44 Maj. Thomas F. Lancer
5 Nov 44 Lt. Col. Thomas F. Lancer
Adjutant General
 
5 Nov 43 Lt. Col. Leonidas Gavalas
11 Feb 45 Maj. Leander A. Dailey
Commanding Officer, 16th Infantry
 
5 Nov 43 Col. George A. Taylor
15 Jul 44 Col. Frederick W. Gibb
Commanding Officer, 18th Infantry
 
5 Nov 43 Col. George Smith, Jr.
25 Feb 45 Col. John Williamson
Commanding Officer, 26th Infantry
 
5 Nov 43 Col. John W. Bowen
14 Nov 43 Col. John F. R. Seitz
9 Apr 45 Col. Francis J. Murdoch, Jr.
[pages 2-3]

STATISTICS

Chronology
 
Activated
17 May 1917
Arrived ETO
7 August 1942*
Arrived Continent (D Day)
6 June 1944
Entered Combat
6 June 1944**
Days in Combat
292
* Departed UK 22 Oct 42 for North African operation, arriving 8 Nov 42. Returned to UK 5 Nov 43.

** Entered Combat North Africa 8 Nov 42; Also fought in Sicily.

Casualties (Tentative)
 
Killed
1,973
Wounded
11,448
Missing
951
Captured
631
Battle Casualties
15,003
Non-Battle Casualties
14,002
Total Casualties
29,005
Percent of T/O Strength
205.9
Campaigns

Normandy

Northern France

Ardennes

Rhineland

Central Europe

Individual Awards
 
Medal of Honor  
Distinguished Service Cross
131
Legion of Merit
16
Silver Star
4,258
Soldiers Medal
100
Bronze Star
12,568
Air Medal
65
Prisoners of War Taken 188,382

COMPOSITION

16th Infantry

18th Infantry

26th Infantry

1st Reconnaissance Troop (Mechanized)

1st Engineer Combat Battalion

1st Medical Battalion

1st Division Artillery

7th Field Artillery Battalion (105mm Howitzer)

32d Field Artillery Battalion (105mm Howitzer)

33d Field Artillery Battalion (105mm Howitzer)

5th Field Artillery Battalion (155mm Howitzer)

Special Troops

701st Ordnance Light Maintenance Company

1st Quartermaster Company

1st Signal Company

Military Police Platoon

Headquarters Company

Band

[page 4]

ATTACHMENTS

Antiaircraft Artillery [page 5]
 
Btry B, 103d AAA AW Bn (Mbl) 12-15 Jun 44
Btry D, 461st AAA AW Bn (SP) 15-28 Jun 44
103d AAA AW Bn (Mbl) 16 Jun 44-7 Feb 45
Btrys B & D, 461st AAA AW Bn (Mbl) 26-28 Jun 44
639th AAA AW Bn (Mbl) 18-31 Dec 44
Btry A, 460th AAA AW Bn (Mbl) 1 Jan 45
103d AAA AW Bn (Mbl) 24 Feb-8 May 45
Armored [pages 5-6]
 
745th Tk Bn 6 Jun 44-8 May 45
747th Tk Bn 7-13 Jun 44
741st Tk Bn 7-15 Jun 44
743d Tk Bn 11-13 Jun 44
3d Armd Gp (- 747th Tk Bn) 11-15 Jun 44
CC B (3d Armd Div) 6-30 Jul 44
33d Armd Regt (3d Armd Div) 6-30 Jul 44
36th Armd Inf (-3d Bn) (3d Armd Div) 6-30 Jul 44
391st Armd FA Bn (3d Armd Div) 6-30 Jul 44
83d Armd Rcn Bn (3d Armd Div) 6-30 Jul 44
Cos B&D, 23d Armd Engr Bn (3d Armd Div) 6-30 Jul 44
87th Armd FA Bn 6-30 Jul 44
Cos B&C (-3d Plat), 703d TD Bn (SP) 6-30 Jul 44
Btrys A&D, 486th AAA AW Bn (SP) 6-30 Jul 44
Btry B, 413th AAA Gun Bn (Mbl) 6-30 Jul 44
CC A (3d Armd Div) 31 Jul-11 Aug 44
32d Armd Regt (3d Armd Div) 31 Jul-11 Aug 44
3d Bn, 36th Armd Inf (3d Armd Div) 31 Jul-11 Aug 44
54th Armd FA Bn (3d Armd Div) 31 Jul-11 Aug 44
67th Armd FA Bn (3d Armd Div) 31 Jul-11 Aug 44
Cos A&C, 23d Armd Engr Bn (3d Armd Div) 31 Jul-11 Aug 44
58th Armd FA Bn 31 Jul-11 Aug 44
Co A&3d Plat, Co B, 703d TD Bn (SP) 31 Jul-11 Aug 44
Btry A, 413th AAA Gun Bn (Mbl) 31 Jul-11 Aug 44
CC B (3d Armd Div) 5-6 Aug 44
33d Armd Regt (3d Armd Div) 5-6 Aug 44
36th Armd Inf (-3d Bn) (3d Armd Div) 5-6 Aug 44
391st Armd FA Bn (3d Armd Div) 5-6 Aug 44
83d Armd Rcn Bn (3d Armd Div) 5-6 Aug 44
Cos B&D, 23d Armd Engr Bn (3d Armd Div) 5-6 Aug 44
87th Armd FA Bn 5-6 Aug 44
Cos B&C (-3d Plat), 703d TD Bn (SP) 5-6 Aug 44
Btrys A&D, 486th AAA AW Bn (SP) 5-6 Aug 44
Btry B, 413th AAA Gun Bn (Mbl) 5-6 Aug 44
CC R (3d Armd Div) [page 6] 8-17 Mar 45
3d Bn, 32d Armd Regt (3d Armd Div) 8-17 Mar 45
2d Bn, 33d Armd Regt (3d Armd Div) 8-17 Mar 45
3d Bn, 36th Armd Inf (3d Armd Div) 8-17 Mar 45
Co C, 23d Armd Engr Bn (3d Armd Div) 8-17 Mar 45
3d Bn, 13th Inf (8th Div) 8-17 Mar 45
Co C, 703d TC Bn (SP) 8-17 Mar 45
CC R (3d Armd Div) 20-21 Mar 45
3d Bn, 32d Armd Regt (3d Armd Div) 20-21 Mar 45
2d Bn, 33d Armd Regt (3d Armd Div) 20-21 Mar 45
3d Bn, 36th Armd Inf (3d Armd Div) 20-21 Mar 45
Co C, 23d Armd Engr Bn (3d Armd Div) 20-21 Mar 45
3d Bn, 13th Inf (8th Div) 20-21 Mar 45
Co C, 703d TC Bn (SP) 20-21 Mar 45
CC A (9th Armd Div) 4-8 May 45
Cavalry [page 6]
 
102d Cav Rcn Sq 11-13 Jun 44
38th Cav Rcn Sq 12 Jun-31 Jul 44
4th Cav Gp 1-7 Aug 44
24th Cav Rcn Sq 2-17 Aug 44
4th Cav Gp (- 4th Cav Rcn Sq) 12-17 Aug 44
4th Cav Rcn Sq 14-17 Aug 44
4th Cav Gp (- 24th Cav Rcn Sq) 11-30 Nov 44
32d Cav Rcn Sq 1-10 Mar 45
4th Cav Gp 9-17 Apr 45
Chemical [page 6]
 
81st Cml Mort Bn (- Cos B&D) 7-9 Jun 44
81st Cml Mort Bn (- Cos B&D) 9 Jun 44
Cos B&D, 81st Cml Mort Bn 1-31 Jul 44
Co A, 87th Cml Bn 1-31 Aug 44
Cos A&D, 87th Cml Bn 1-30 Sep 44
Cos A&B, 87th Cml Bn 1 Oct-17 Dec 44
Co C, 86th Cml Mort Bn 13-23 Jan 45
Co B, 87th Cml Bn 24 Jan-7 Feb 45
Co A, 90th Cml Bn 24 Feb-10 Mar 45
Co B, 90th Cml Bn 24 Feb-10 Mar 45
Co A, 87th Cml Bn 30-31 Mar 45
Co A, 86th Cml Mort Bn 1-12 Apr 45
Cos C&D, 87th Cml Bn 1-12 Apr 45
Engineer [pages 6-7]
 
20th Engr C Bn 8-11 Jun 44
20th Engr C Bn 12 Jun 44-
1106th Engr C Gp [page 7] 1-31 Oct 44
238th Engr C Bn 1-31 Oct 44
257th Engr C Bn 1-31 Oct 44
Co B, 2d Engr C Bn (2d Div) 14-24 Jan 45
299th Engr C Bn 24 Feb-10 Mar 45
1 plat, 994th Engr Treadway Br Co 24 Feb-10 Mar 45
1 Light Equip plat, 276th Engr C Bn 24 Feb-10 Mar 45
72d Engr Light Pon Co 24 Feb-10 Mar 45
Field Artillery [pages 7-8]
 
186th FA Bn (155 How) 7-27 Jun 44
62d Armd FA Bn 7-31 Jun 44
18th FA Gp 1-31 Aug 44
188th FA Bn (155 How) 1 Aug-30 Sep 44
957th FA Bn (155 How) 1 Aug-17 Dec 44
26th FA Bn (9th Div) (105 How) 4-7 Aug 44
985th FA Bn 1-30 Sep 44
Btry B, 15th FA Obsn Bn 1-30 Sep 44
Hq & Hq Btry, 18th FA Gp 1 Sep-2 Oct 44
58th Armd FA Bn 1-31 Oct 44
84th FA Bn (9th Div) (105 How) 10 Nov-1 Dec 44
Btry A, 987th FA Bn (155 Gun) 1-17 Dec 44
60th FA Bn (9th Div) (105 How) 6-8 Dec 44
955th FA Bn (155 How) 13 Jan-7 Feb 45
965th FA Bn (155 How) 8 Feb-10 Mar 45
193d FA Bn (105 How) 8 Feb-29 Mar 45
Btry A, 987th FA Bn (155 Gun) 24 Feb-10 Mar 45
188th FA Gp 11-29 Mar 45
660th FA Bn (8" How) 11-29 Mar 45
951st FA Bn (155 How) 11-29 Mar 45
957th FA Bn (155 How) 11-29 Mar 45
Btry A, 13th FA Obsn Bn 11-29 Mar 45
Btry B, 13th FA Obsn Bn 30-31 Mar 45
951st FA Bn (155 How) 30-31 Mar 45
980th FA Bn (155 Gun) 30-31 Mar 45
Hq & Hq Btry, 142d FA Gp 30 Mar-23 Apr 45
188th FA Bn (155 How) 13-23 Apr 45
951st FA Bn (155 How) 13-23 Apr 45
980th FA Bn (155 Gun) 13-23 Apr 45
Btry B, 13th FA Obsn Bn 13-23 Apr 45
Hq & Hq Btry, 203d FA Bn (155 How) 28-30 Apr 45
191st FA Bn (155 How) 28-30 Apr 45
734th FA Bn (155 Gun) 28-30 Apr 45
76th FA Bn (105 How) 28 Apr-8 May 45
955th FA Bn (155 How) 28 Apr-8 May 45
Btry B, 17th FA Obsn Bn 28 Apr-8 May 45
186th FA Bn (155 How) [page 8] 1-3 May 45
Hq & Hq Btry, 406th FA Gp 1-8 May 45
200th FA Bn (155 Gun) 1-8 May 45
Infantry [page 8]
 
116th CT (29th Div) 17 May-7 Jun 44
111th FA Bn (29th Div) (105 How) 17 May-7 Jun 44
1 det, 29th Rcn Tr (29th Div) 17 May-7 Jun 44
1 det, 121st Engr C Bn (29th Div) 17 May-7 Jun 44
115th CT (29th Div) 2-7 Jun 44
39th Inf (9th Div) 4-6 Aug 44
1st Bn (- Co A), 110th Inf (28th Div) 18-22 Oct 44
47th Inf (9th Div) 10-30 Nov 44
2d Bn, 36th Armd Inf (3d Armd Div) 4-7 Dec 44
23d CT (2d Div) 13-23 Jan 45
37th FA Bn (2d Div) (105 How) 13-23 Jan 45
395th Inf (99th Div) 3-5 Feb 45
413th Inf (104th Div) 21-23 Mar 45
Tank Destroyer [page 8]
 
635th TD Bn (T) (- Co A) 7-11 Jun 44
635th TD Bn (T) (- Co A) 17-21 Jun 44
635th TD Bn (T)  1 Jul-30 Sep 44
634th TD Bn (SP) (- Co C) 1 Aug 44-6 May 45
703d TD Bn (SP) 18-31 Dec 44
3d Plat, Co C, 801st TD Bn (SP) 18-31 Dec 44
Co C, 703d TD Bn (SP) 1-12 Jan 45
Co B, 644th TD Bn (SP) 13-23 Jan 45
[pages 5-8]

DETACHMENTS

(Attached to)

Infantry
 
26th CT 29th Div 17 May-7 Jun 44
1 det, Hq & Hq Bty, 1st Div Arty 29th Div 17 May-7 Jun 44
33d FA Bn 29th Div 17 May-7 Jun 44
Co C, 1st Engr C Bn 29th Div 17 May-7 Jun 44
26th CT 4th Div 29-30 Jul 44
1st Bn, 26th Inf 3d Armd Div 6-23 Sep 44
16th CT [p. 9] V Corps 5-15 Dec 44
5th FA Bn V Corps 5-15 Dec 44
7th FA Bn V Corps 5-15 Dec 44
Co A, 1st Engr C Bn V Corps 5-15 Dec 44
26th Inf 99th Div 17-18 Dec 44
16th CT 8th Div 6-8 Feb 45
7th FA Bn 8th Div 6-8 Feb 45
Co A, 1st Engr C Bn 8th Div 6-8 Feb 45
1st Bn, 26th Inf 4thCav Gp 30 Mar-8 Apr 45
Task Force Taylor VII Corps 7-8 Apr 45
26th Inf VII Corps 7-8 Apr 45
33d FA Bn VII Corps 7-8 Apr 45
1 plat, Co C, 1st Engr C Bn VII Corps 7-8 Apr 45
1st Bn, 18th Inf 3d Armd Div 11-25 Apr 45
[pages 8-9]

ASSIGNMENT AND ATTACHMENT TO HIGHER UNITS
 
DATE CORPS ARMY ARMY GROUP
Assigned Attached Assigned Attached
1 Nov 43   First   ETOUSA  
6 Nov 43 VII First      
2 Feb 44 V First      
14 Jul 44 - First      
15 Jul 44 VII First      
1 Aug 44 VII First   12th  
16 Dec 44 V First   12th  
20 Dec 44 V First   12th Br 21st
18 Jan 45 V First   12th -
26 Jan 45 XVIII Abn First   12th  
12 Feb 45 III First   12th  
8 Mar 45 VII First   12th  
27 Apr 45 VIII First   12th  
30 Apr 45 V First   12th  
6 May 45 - Third   12th  
[page 10]

COMMAND POSTS
 
DATE TOWN REGION COUNTRY
1942
7 Aug Glasgow Lanarkshire Scotland
9 Aug Tidworth Barracks Wiltshire England
22 Oct Departed United Kingdom for North Africa operation
1943
7 Nov Liverpool Lancashire England
9 Nov Blandford Dorset England
1944
3 Jun Portland Harbor Dorset England
6 Jun Omaha Beach (Easy Red) Calvados France
7 Jun Colleville-sur-Mer (vic) Calvados France
8 Jun Russy (vic) Calvados France
10 Jun Court Elay (1 km south) Calvados France
11 Jun Sur-Le-Chemin-du-Gril (vic) Calvados France
12 Jun Balleroy (vic) Calvados France
14 Jul Colombieres (vic) Calvados France
20 Jul St-Jean-de-Daye (vic) Manche France
25 Jul Bois du Hommat (vic) Manche France
28 Jul La Chapelle (vic) Manche France
28 Jul Marigny (vic) Manche France
30 Jul St-Denis-du-Gast Manche France
1 Aug Brecey (vic) Manche France
3 Aug Juvigny (vic west) Manche France
4 Aug Logis de la Bocage (vic) Manche France
7 Aug Logis de la Bocage (vic) Manche France
13 Aug Ambrieres le Grand (vic) Mayenne France
13 Aug La Ferte Mace (vic) Orne France
14 Aug Couterne (vic) Orne France
15 Aug Bagnoles de l'Orne (vic) Orne France
24 Aug Le Thieulin (vic) Eure-et-Loir France
25 Aug Lardy (vic) Seine-et-Oise France
27 Aug Etiolles Seine-et-Oise France
27 Aug Servon Seine-et-Marne France
28 Aug House of Rothschild (vic Ferrieres) Seine-et-Marne France
28 Aug Quinch Voisins (vic) Seine-et-Oise France
29 Aug Crouy (vic) Seine-et-Marne France
30 Aug Soissons (vic) Aisne France
31 Aug Chevrigny (vic) Aisne France
1 Sep Missy (vic) Aisne France
2 Sep Le Novion (vic) Aisne France
3 Sep Ecuelin (vic) Nord France
4 Sep Mons (vic) Hainault Belgium
6 Sep Roux (vic) Hainault Belgium
7 Sep Namur (vic) Namur Belgium
8 Sep Stockay (vic) Namur Belgium
11 Sep Lalouxe (vic) Namur Belgium
14 Sep Henri Chapelle (1½ km north) Liege Belgium
15 Sep Hauset (vic; 7 km south of Aachen) Liege Belgium
10 Nov Vicht Rhineland Germany
8 Dec Hauset (vic; 7 km south of Aachen) Liege Belgium
17 Dec Sourbrodt (vic) Liege Belgium
1945
27 Jan Weverce Liege Belgium
1 Feb Hunningen Liege Belgium
6 Feb Aywaille Liege Belgium
8 Feb Groshau (vic) Rhineland Germany
28 Feb Drove Rhineland Germany
2 Mar Kelz (vic) Rhineland Germany
6 Mar Friesham Rhineland Germany
7 Mar Metternich Rhineland Germany
15 Mar Unkel Rhineland Germany
21 Mar Ittenbach Rhineland Germany
24 Mar Oberpleis (vic) Rhineland Germany
27 Mar Obereip (vic) Rhineland Germany
28 Mar Eichelhardt (vic) Rhineland Germany
29 Mar Allendorf (vic) Nassau Germany
31 Mar Biedenkopf (vic) Nassau Germany
1 Apr Wunnenberg (vic) Westphalia Germany
7 Apr Peckelsheim Westphalia Germany
9 Apr Lauenforde Hanover Germany
10 Apr Uslar Hanover Germany
11 Apr Northeim Hanover Germany
12 Apr Osterode Hanover Germany
17 Apr St Andreasberg Hanover Germany
19 Apr Benneckenstein Brunswick Germany
24 Apr Blankenheim Halle-Merseburg Germany
27 Apr Markleuthen Bavaria Germany
6 May Cheb Sudetenland Czech
[pages 11 (thru 7 Aug 44), 12 (thru 14 Sep 44), 13 (thru 9 Apr 45), 14]


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