102d INFANTRY DIVISION

 

"Ozark Division"

 The division insignia combines a golden "O", "Z", and an arc on a circular blue background to spell out the nickname of the division, "Ozark". In 1921, the division became part of the Organized Reserve and was allocated to the states of Arkansas and Missouri, the Ozark region, and therefore adopted the design. When the French settled in this area, they found it inhabited by Indians who were very proficient with the bow and arrow, and they therefore called the entire region "Terre aux arcs" or "Bow Country". "Ozark" is an Americanization of "aux arcs", and the arc in the insignia actually represents an Indian bow and signifies marksmanship. Gold and blue are the colors which tradition has always associated with valor and distinction.

 Motto: "Distinction, Valor, Marksmanship"

[page 392]

 

COMMAND AND STAFF

 Commanding General

22 Sep 44

Brig. Gen. Frank A. Keating

2 Jan 45

Maj. Gen. Frank A. Keating

 Assistant Division Commander

22 Sep 44

Brig. Gen. Alonzo P. Fox

 Artillery Commander

22 Sep 44

Col. James G. Watkins

 Chief of Staff

22 Sep 44

Col. George P. Lynch

 Assistant Chief of Staff G-1

22 Sep 44

Lt. Col. Joseph H. Chaille

 Assistant Chief of Staff G-2

22 Sep 44

Lt. Col. Charles J. Parsons

 Assistant Chief of Staff G-3

22 Sep 44

Lt. Col. Claude L. Crawford

 Assistant Chief of Staff G-4

22 Sep 44

Lt. Col. Arthur W. Allen, Jr.

Assistant Chief of Staff G-5

16 Oct 44

Maj. John E. Wiley

 Adjutant General

16 Dec 44

Lt. Col. Frank H. Stone

 Commanding Officer, 405th Infantry

4 Apr 44

Col. Laurin L. Williams

 Commanding Officer, 406th Infantry

22 Sep 44

Col. Bernard F. Hurless

 Commanding Officer, 407th Infantry

22 Sep 44

Col. James C. Reed

29 Jan 45

Col. Philip R. Dwyer

 

[page 393]

 

STATISTICS

 Chronology

Activated 15 September 1942

Arrived ETO 22 September 1944 (Arrived United Kingdom but did not disembark)

Arrived Continent 23 September 1944 (D+109)

Entered Combat 26 October 1944

Days in Combat 173

 Casualties (Tentative)

Killed 1,034

Wounded 3,522

Missing 161

Captured 150

Battle Casualties 4,867

Non-Battle Casualties 3,958

Total Casualties 8,825

Percent of T/O Strength 62.6

 Campaigns

Rhineland

Central Europe

 Individual Awards

Distinguished Service Cross 13

Legion of Merit 13

Silver Star 542

Soldiers Medal 34

Bronze Star 3,812

Air Medal 83

 Prisoners of War Taken 147,358

 

COMPOSITION

405th Infantry

406th Infantry

407th Infantry

102d Reconnaissance Troop (Mechanized)

327th Engineer Combat Battalion

327th Medical Battalion

102d Division Artillery

379th Field Artillery Battalion (105mm Howitzer)

380th Field Artillery Battalion (105mm Howitzer)

927th Field Artillery Battalion (105mm Howitzer)

381st Field Artillery Battalion (155mm Howitzer)

Special Troops

802d Ordnance Light Maintenance Company

102d Quartermaster Company

102d Signal Company

Military Police Platoon

Headquarters Company

Band

 [page 394]

 

ATTACHMENTS

 

Antiaircraft Artillery

556th AAA AW Bn (Mbl)

2Nov44-11Nov44

548th AAA AW Bn (Mbl)

11Nov44-25Jun45

473d AAA AW Bn (SP)

8Dec44-9Dec44

Btry B, 473d AAA AW Bn (SP)

10Dec44-10Jan45

Btry C, 559th AAA AW Bn (Mbl)

8Feb45-25Feb45

Armored

771st Tk Bn

4Nov44-20Dec44

40th Tk Bn (7th Armd Div)

27Nov44-28Nov44

17th Tk Bn (7th Armd Div)

30Nov44-3Dec44

744th Tk Bn

20Dec44-23Dec44

Co C, 739th Tk Bn (Mine Exploder)

20Jan45-27Jan45

Co A, 739th Tk Bn (Mine Exploder)

21Jan45-27Jan45

Sq B, Br 1st Lothians & Border Yeo (Br 79th Armd Div)

23Jan45-26Jan45

Sq B, Br Fife & Forfar Yeo (Br 79th Armd Div)

23Jan45-27Jan45

Br 22d Dragoon Gds Armd Regt (Br 79th Armd Div)

23Jan45-28Jan45

CC B (5th Armd Div)

6Feb45-24Feb45

701st Tk Bn (-Co D)

4Apr45-2Jul45

Cavalry

113th Cav Gp

14Nov44-23Nov44

…113th Cav Rcn Sq

14Nov44-23Nov44

…125th Cav Rcn Sq

14Nov44-23Nov44

Task Force BIDDLE (113th Cav Gp)

18Nov44-21Nov44

…Hq&Hq Tr, 113th Cav Gp

18Nov44-21Nov44

…113th Cav Rcn Sq

18Nov44-21Nov44

…125th Cav Rcn Sq (-Tr B)

18Nov44-21Nov44

…40th Tk Bn (7th Armd Div)

18Nov44-21Nov44

…440th Armd FA Bn (7th Armd Div)

18Nov44-21Nov44

…434th Armd FA Bn (7th Armd Div)

18Nov44-21Nov44

…849th Armd FA Bn (7th Armd Div)

18Nov44-21Nov44

…83d Armd FA Bn

18Nov44-21Nov44

…Co C, 171st Engr C Bn

18Nov44-21Nov44

…Co A, 814th TD Bn (SP)

18Nov44-21Nov44

…Btrys A & C, 203d AAA AW Bn (SP)

18Nov44-21Nov44

11th Cav Gp

13Dec44-3Feb45

…36th Cav Rcn Sq

13Dec44-3Feb45

…44th Cav Rcn Sq

13Dec44-3Feb45

…113th Cav Rcn Sq

20Dec44-24Dec44

…17th Cav Rcn Sq

24Dec44-29Jan45

11th Cav Gp

9Feb45-24Feb45

…36th Cav Rcn Sq

9Feb45-24Feb45

…44th Cav Rcn Sq

9Feb45-24Feb45

Tr B, 36th Cav Rcn Sq

11Apr45-13Apr45

Chemical

Co C, 92d Cml Mort Bn

23Nov44-24Nov44

Co C, 92d Cml Mort Bn

30Nov44-4Dec44

Co C (-1st Plat), 92d Cml Mort Bn

19Dec44-23Dec44

Co C, 92d Cml Mort Bn

24Dec44

Co C (-1st Plat), 92d Cml Mort Bn

25Dec44-7Feb45

92d Cml Mort Bn (-Co A)

22Jan45-27Jan45

74th Cml SG Co

3Feb45-5Feb45

3d Cml Mort Bn (-Cos C and D)

6Feb45-7Mar45

74th Cml SG Co

24Feb45-25Feb45

Co B, 3d Cml Mort Bn

22Mar45-30Mar45

Co A, 3d Cml Mort Bn

9Apr45-19Apr45

Cos B and C, 3d Cml Mort Bn

14Apr45-19Apr45

Co A, 3d Cml Mort Bn

3May45-10May45

Engineer

1276th Engr C Bn

27Dec44-26Jan45

171st Engr C Bn

12Jan45-16Jan45

252d Engr C Bn

15Jan45-26Jan45

336th Engr C Bn

15Jan45-26Jan45

277th Engr C Bn

15Jan45-28Jan45

Field Artillery

252d FA Bn (105mm How)

23Nov44-12Mar45

Btry A, 557th FA Bn (155mm Gun)

27Nov44-2Dec44

83d Armd FA Bn

29Nov44-19Dec44

692d FA Bn (105mm How)

20Dec44-27Jan45

691st FA Bn (105mm How)

20Dec44-30Jan45

557th FA Bn (- Btry A) (155mm Gun)

26Jan45-27Jan45

Infantry

335th CT (84th Div)

24Nov44-27Nov44

…40th Tk Bn (7th Armd Div)

24Nov44-27Nov44

…Co A, 814th TD Bn (SP)

24Nov44-27Nov44

48th Armd Inf Bn (7th Armd Div)

5Dec44-9Dec44

2d Bn, 335th Inf (84th Div)

18Apr45-23Apr45

Tank Destroyer

771st TD Bn (SP)(- Co C)

4Nov44-30Mar45

605th TD Bn (T)

15Feb45-2Mar45

771st TD Bn (SP) (- Co B and one platoon of Rcn Co)

10Apr45-17Apr45

771st TD Bn (SP)

27Apr45-3Jul45

 

[pages 396 (through cavalry)-397]

 

DETACHMENTS

(Attached to)

 Engineer

Co B, 327th Engr C Bn

2d Armd Div

16Nov44-25Nov44

1st Plat, Co A, 327th Engr C Bn

84th Div

19Nov44-28Nov44

 Field Artillery

380th FA Bn

2d Armd Div

17Nov44-25Nov44

379th FA Bn

84th Div

19Nov44-2Dec44

381st FA Bn

XIII Corps

20Apr45-22Apr45

 Infantry

406th Inf

30th Div

25Oct44-6Nov44

405th Inf

2d Armd Div

26Oct44-3Nov44

407th Inf

29th Div

28Oct44-3Nov44

1st Bn, 405th Inf

2d Armd Div

3Nov44-7Nov44

406th Inf (-1st Bn)

2d Armd Div

6Nov44-25Nov44

1st Bn, 406th Inf

30th Div

7Nov44-9Nov44

1st Bn, 406th Inf

2d Armd Div

9Nov44-25Nov44

3d Bn, 407th Inf

Task Force BIDDLE

19Nov44-20Nov44

3d Bn, 405th Inf

84th Div

19Nov44-27Nov44

405th CT (-3d Bn)

84th Div

19Nov44-2Dec44

407th CT (-1st Bn)

XIII Corps

27Feb45

1st Bn, 407th Inf

XIII Corps

27Feb45-1Mar45

3d Bn, 405th Inf

Hq, Sp Trps, Ninth Army

27Mar45-5Apr45

Co B, 407th Inf

XIII Corps

6Apr45-11Apr45

407th CT

XIII Corps

12Apr45-17Apr45

1st Bn, 406th CT

5th Armd Div

13Apr45-16Apr45

407th CT (-3d Bn)

5th Armd Div

17Apr45-18Apr45

407th CT

XIII Corps

18Apr45-26Apr45

1st Bn, 406th Inf

XIII Corps

19Apr45-22Apr45

Co A, 406th Inf

XIII Corps

26Apr45-3May45

 

[page 395]

 

ASSIGNMENT AND ATTACHMENT TO HIGHER UNITS

 

DATE CORPS ARMY ARMY GROUP
Assigned Attached Assigned Attached

28Aug44

 

Ninth

 

ETOUSA

12th

 

5Sep44

III

Ninth

 

12th

 

10Oct44

XVI

Ninth

 

12th

 

3Nov44

XIX

Ninth

 

12th

 

7Nov44

XIII

Ninth

 

12th

 

20Dec44

XIII

Ninth

 

12th

British 21st

1Apr45

XIII (Admin)

Ninth

Fifteenth (Operations)

12th

(-)

4Apr45

XIII

Ninth

(-)

12th

 

 

(-) indicates relieved from assignment

 

[page 398]

 

COMMAND POSTS

 

DATE TOWN REGION COUNTRY

3Sep44

Gourock

Renfrew

Scotland

9Sep44

Omaha Beach

Calvados

France

13Sep44

Valognes (staging area)

Manche

France

26Sep44

Theville

Manche

France

27Oct44

Eygelshoven (vicinity southeast)

Limburg

Netherlands

1Nov44

Moorveld

Limburg

Netherlands

2Nov44

Brunssum (3000 yards northeast)

Limburg

Netherlands

12Nov44

Heerlen

Limburg

Netherlands

24Nov44

Ubach (1000 yards southeast)

Rhineland

Germany

25Feb45

Linnich

Rhineland

Germany

27Feb45

Lovenich

Rhineland

Germany

27Feb45

Erklenz

Rhineland

Germany

2Mar45

Rheindahlen

Rhineland

Germany

2Mar45

Viersen

Rhineland

Germany

12Mar45

Krefeld

Rhineland

Germany

5Apr45

Lembeck

Rhineland

Germany

6Apr45

Buldern (1000 yards southeast)

Westphalia

Germany

7Apr45

Munster (2000 yards northeast)

Westphalia

Germany

9Apr45

Werther

Westphalia

Germany

10Apr45

Bad Oeynhausen

Westphalia

Germany

11Apr45

Buckeburg

Westphalia

Germany

12Apr45

Bad Nenndorf

Hannover

Germany

13Apr45

Lehrte

Hannover

Germany

14Apr45

Gifhorn

Hannover

Germany

14Apr45

Oebisfelde

Hannover

Germany

15Apr45

Bismark

Magdeburg

Germany

26Apr45

Gardelegen

Magdeburg

Germany

 

[pages 399 (through 12Apr45)-400]