100th INFANTRY DIVISION

 

"Century Division"

 

The division insignia consists of the Arabic number "100" centered on a blue shield; the upper half of the number is in white and the lower half in gold. The insignia has no heraldic significance.

 

Motto: "Success in Battle."

 

[page 373]

 

COMMAND AND STAFF

 

Commanding General

20 Oct 44 Maj. Gen. Withers A. Burress

Assistant Division Commander

20 Oct 44 Brig. Gen. Maurice L. Miller
19 Dec 44 Brig. Gen. John S. Winn, Jr.
4 Jan 45 Col. Andrew C. Tychsen
12 Apr 45 Brig. Gen. Andrew C. Tychsen

Artillery Commander

20 Oct 44 Brig. Gen. John B. Murphy

Chief of Staff

20 Oct 44 Col. Richard G. Prather

Assistant Chief of Staff G-1

20 Oct 44 Maj. William V. Rawlings
1 Dec 44 Lt. Col. William V. Rawlings

Assistant Chief of Staff G-2

20 Oct 44 Lt. Col. Paul S. Reinecke, Jr.

Assistant Chief of Staff G-3

20 Oct 44 Lt. Col. Kenneth E. Eckland

Assistant Chief of Staff G-4

20 Oct 44 Lt. Col. Robert M. Stegmaier

Adjutant General

20 Oct 44 Lt. Col. Byron C. De La Mater

Commanding Officer, 397th Infantry

20 Oct 44 Col. William A. Ellis
16 Nov 44 Lt. Col. John M. King
25 Jan 45 Col. Gordon Singles

Commanding Officer, 398th Infantry

20 Oct 44 Col. Nelson I. Fooks
12 Dec 44 Col. Paul G. Daly
18 Dec 44 Col. Robert M. Williams

Commanding Officer, 399th Infantry

20 Oct 44 Col. Andrew C. Tychsen
27 Dec 44 Lt. Col. Elery M. Zehner
12 Jan 45 Col. Edward J. Maloney

 

[page 374]

 

STATISTICS

 

Chronology

Activated 15 November 1942
Arrived ETO 20 October 1944
Arrived Continent (D+166)@ 20 October 1944
Entered Combat - First Elements 1 Nov 1944
Entered Combat - Entire Division 9 Nov 1944
Days in Combat 163

@ D-day for Southern France 15 Aug 44.

 

Casualties (Tentative)

Killed 533
Wounded 3,667
Missing 589
Captured 1
Battle Casualties 4,790
Non-Battle Casualties 7,425
Total Casualties 12,215
Percent of T/O Strength 86.7

 

Campaigns

Rhineland

Central Europe

 

Individual Awards

Distinguished Service Cross 7
Legion of Merit 5
Silver Star 492
Soldiers Medal 23
Bronze Star 5,156
Air Medal 90

 

Prisoners of War Taken 13,351

 

COMPOSITION

397th Infantry

398th Infantry

399th Infantry

100th Reconnaissance Troop (Mechanized)

325th Engineer Combat Battalion

325th Medical Battalion

100th Division Artillery

374th Field Artillery Battalion (105mm Howitzer)

375th Field Artillery Battalion (105mm Howitzer)

925th Field Artillery Battalion (105mm Howitzer)

373d Field Artillery Battalion (155mm Howitzer)

Special Troops

800th Ordnance Light Maintenance Company

100th Quartermaster Company

100th Signal Company

Military Police Platoon

Headquarters Company

Band

 

[page 375]

 

ATTACHMENTS

 

Antiaircraft Artillery

898th AAA AW Bn (Mbl) 7 Nov 44-11 May 45
1 plat, 5th AAA Cp 21 Nov 44-24 Nov 44

Armored

Co A & 1 plat Co D, 753d Tk Bn 7 Nov 44-26 Nov 44
Co A, 47th Tk Bn (14th Armd Div) 3 Dec 44-6 Dec 44
781st Tk Bn 7 Dec 44-21 Dec 44
Co A, 23d Tk Bn (12th Armd Div) 1 Jan 45-7 Jan 45
Co B, 749th Tk Bn 8 Jan 45-18 Jan 45
781st Tk Bn 23 Feb 45-23 Apr 45

Cavalry

117th Cav Rcn Sq 7 Nov 44-26 Nov 44
36th Rcn Tr (36th Div) 18 Jan 45-23 Jan 45
117th Cav Rcn Sq 18 Apr 45-23 Apr 45

Chemical

Cos A & C, 83d Cml Mort Bn 7 Nov 44-26 Nov 44
Co D, 99th Cml Mort Bn 2 Dec 44-3 Dec 44
2d Cml Mort Bn 3 Dec 44-23 Dec 44
2d Cml Mort Bn 15 Mar 45-22 Mar 45
99th Cml Mort Bn 21 Mar 45-25 Mar 45
Co C, 83d Cml Mort Bn 31 Mar 45-24 Apr 45
163d Cml SG Co 5 Apr 45-24 Apr 45
69th Cml SG Co 6 Apr 45-24 Apr 45
Co B, 83d Cml Mort Bn 9 Apr 45-20 Apr 45

Engineer

157th Engr C Bn 17 Mar 45-20 Mar 45

Field Artillery

69th Armd FA Bn 8 Nov 44-26 Nov 44
495th Armd FA Bn (12th Armd Div) 5 Dec 44-6 Dec 44
250th FA Bn (105 How) 5 Dec 44-31 Dec 44
131st FA Bn (36th Div) (105 How) 1 Jan 45-4 Jan 45
495th Armd FA Bn (12th Armd Div) 2 Jan 45-7 Jan 45
40th Armd FA Bn 7 Jan 45-18 Jan 45
131st FA Bn (36th Div) (105 How) 18 Jan 45-23 Jan 45
377th Prcht FA Bn (101st Abn Div) 25 Jan 45-28 Jan 45
342d Armd FA Bn 11 Feb 45-23 Feb 45
342d Armd FA Bn 28 Feb 45-13 Mar 45
250th FA Bn (105 How) 1 Mar 45-19 Mar 45
991st FA Bn (155 Gun) 12 Mar 45-16 Mar 45
802d FA Bn (105 How) 21 Mar 45-30 Mar 45
18th FA Bn (105 How) 21 Mar 45-30 Mar 45
242d FA Bn (105 How) 31 Mar 45-24 Apr 45

Infantry

255th Inf (63d Div) 31 Dec 44-19 Jan 45
141st Inf (36th Div) 1 Jan 45-4 Jan 45
141st Inf (36th Div) 18 Jan 45-23 Jan 45
274th Inf (70th Div) 29 Jan 45-9 Feb 45
254th Inf (63d Div) 9 Feb 45-18 Feb 45
5th Inf (71st Div) 11 Mar 45-14 Mar 45
66th Inf (71st Div) 12 Mar 45-14 Mar 45

Tank Destroyer

Co B, 636th TD Bn (SP) 7 Nov 44-26 Nov 44
824th TD Bn (SP) 26 Nov 44-24 Apr 45
1 plat, Co A, 776th TD Bn (SP) 8 Jan 45-12 Jan 45
Co B, 776th TD Bn (SP) 9 Jan 45-18 Jan 45

 

[pages 376-377]

 

DETACHMENTS

(Attached to)

 

Cavalry

100th Rcn Tr 45th Div 28 Nov 44-5 Dec 44

Infantry

399th Inf 45th Div 2 Nov 44-9 Nov 44
398th Inf 45th Div 6 Nov 44-9 Nov 44
397th Inf 45th Div 6 Nov 44-9 Nov 44
Co E, 398th Inf 3d Div 17 Nov 44-18 Nov 44
397th Inf 45th Div 28 Nov 44-5 Dec 44
3d Bn, 398th Inf 10th Armd Div 3 Apr 45-4 Apr 45

 

[page 377]

 

ASSIGNMENT AND ATTACHMENT TO HIGHER UNITS

 

DATE CORPS ARMY ARMY GROUP
Assigned Attached Assigned Attached
20 Oct 44       ETOUSA 6th (Sup&Opn)
1 Nov 44 VI Seventh   6th -
27 Nov 44 XV Seventh   6th  
22 Mar 45 XXI Seventh   6th  
25 Mar 45 VI Seventh   6th  
25 Apr 45 - Seventh   12th  

(-) Indicates relieved from assignment.

 

[page 378]

 

COMMAND POSTS

 

DATE TOWN REGION COUNTRY
20 Oct 44 Marseilles Bouches-du-Rhone France
1 Nov 44 Padou Meurthe-et-Moselle France
9 Nov 44 Rambervillers Meurthe-et-Moselle France
11 Nov 44 Ste-Barbe Meurthe-et-Moselle France
14 Nov 44 Baccarat Meurthe-et-Moselle France
20 Nov 44 Raon L'Etape Vosges France
23 Nov 44 Moyenmoutier Vosges France
24 Nov 44 Belval Vosges France
25 Nov 44 Ste-Blaise Vosges France
26 Nov 44 Raon L'Etape Vosges France
27 Nov 44 Sarrebourg Moselle France
2 Dec 44 Metting Moselle France
4 Dec 44 Lutzelstein Moselle France
7 Dec 44 Wingen Bas-Rhin France
13 Dec 44 Meisenthal Bas-Rhin France
21 Dec 44 Montbronn Bas-Rhin France
1 Jan 45 Waldhambach Bas-Rhin France
5 Jan 45 Butten Bas-Rhin France
14 Mar 45 Rohrbach Bas-Rhin France
17 Mar 45 Bitsch Bas-Rhin France
24 Mar 45 Thaillersweiller Pfalz Germany
25 Mar 45 Meckenheim Pfalz Germany
31 Mar 45 Friedrichsfeld Baden Germany
2 Apr 45 Sandhausen Baden Germany
3 Apr 45 Waibstadt Baden Germany
4 Apr 45 Bonfeld Wurttemberg Germany
14 Apr 45 Frankenbach Wurttemberg Germany
16 Apr 45 Ellhoffen Wurttemberg Germany
21 Apr 45 Lowenstein Wurttemberg Germany
22 Apr 45 Sulzbach Wurttemberg Germany
23 Apr 45 Hertmannsweiler Wurttemberg Germany
24 Apr 45 Bad Cannstatt Wurttemberg Germany
27 Apr 45 Stuttgart Wurttemberg Germany
1 May 45 Uhingen Wurttemberg Germany

 

[pages 379 (through 31 Mar 45)-380]