Campaigns of the Civil War

THE CIVIL WAR ENDS, 1865

THE CIVIL WAR ENDS, 1865

Mark L. Bradley

U.S. Army Campaigns of the Civil War
CMH Pub 75-17, Paper
2015; 76 pages, maps, illustrations, further readings

GPO S/N: 008-029-00587-5

Many people mistakenly believe that the American Civil War ended when General Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia evacuated the Confederate capital of Richmond, Virginia, after a long siege and surrendered to his Union counterpart, Lt. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant, at Appomattox Court House on 9 April 1865. Although the capitulation of the South's premier field army foreshadowed the Confederacy's ultimate demise, important operations took place concurrent with the struggle between Grant and Lee—operations which continued into May 1865. This brochure examines some of these events, starting with Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman's Carolinas Campaign, and continuing with several raids led by Union Generals George Stoneman, Edward E. Potter, and James H. Wilson. Other operations covered include the Federal assault on Mobile, Alabama, and the capture of Confederate President Jefferson Davis. The rest of the brochure describes how the remaining Confederate military forces from North Carolina to Texas laid down their arms in the spring of 1865.

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