Endnotes for Chapter XII
1 For plans for work assignments, see Orders for Processing Shipment 1616 at Khorramshahr. 323.61 Establishment of Military Districts, Binder 2, SL 9008. Port troops were at work unloading ships under British control the day after their landing. Dir of Ports, Monthly Rpt of Opns to 28 Feb, 1 Mar 43. PGF 26-A.
2 For an account of the voyages of the West Point and other ships which brought the new American command to Iran, see HOTI, Pt. V, History of the 3d Military Railway Service, by 1st Lt Francis J. Lewis, pp. 32-48. PGF.
3 (1) Peak assigned U.S. military strength came in February 1944 with 29,691 officers and men. In addition to the assigned strength, attached military personnel served in the command area, most of these-sometimes reaching 2,000 in the later period-being personnel of the Air Transport Command. (2) An estimate in February 1943 that combined Anglo-American native laborers numbered 125,000 is supplemented by a statement at a meeting in that month that 81,000 natives were then being provided food rations and that a maximum limit of 100,000 was agreed between the British and Americans for native food rations. Memo, Maj Richard W. Cooper, Chief, Labor Relations Br, to CG, PGSC, 2 Feb 43, sub: Policy on Feeding Native Laborers; Memo, Maj H. R. Eichenberg, Dist QM, Tehran Dist, 16 Feb 43, sub: Summary of History of Native Feeding, PGSC, Aug-Nov 42; and Min of Mtg, U.S. Army, British Army, and- USSR, 16 Feb 43, sub: Native Feeding. PGF 234.
4 (1) HOTI, Pt. I, Chs. 1-5, Administration, by George B. Zeigler and (Ch. 5 only) Wallace P. Rusterholtz, with Annex by Victor H. Pentlarge, Jr., p. 84. PGF. (2) Ltr, CO, PGSC, to House Subcommittee on WD Appropriations, 5 Oct 45. AMET 314.7 Military Histories, SL 8997.
5 Documented details of these tasks are in the indexed Persian Gulf Files (PGF) and are summarized in an unused draft chapter, "Supporting Services," filed with the manuscript of this book in OCMH.
6 Memo, Gen Scott, 1 Dee 42, sub: Labor Policy. AG 230.05, Hq PGC.
7 Civ Pers Cir 2, Hq, PGSC, 20 Jan 43. Abstract PGF 261.
8 By WD Cir 130 (Jul 43), the rial was valued at $0.03125.
9 Documents cited n. 3 (2) .
10 (1) Hist Rpt, Hq, Abadan Air Base, PGC, Oct 44. PGF 2-V. (2) Ltr, Hq, PAI Force, to Hq, PGC, 5 Jul 44; and Ltrs, U.S. Provost Marshal to CO's of PGC Dists, 8 and 18 Aug 44. 010.8 Traffic Regulations, SL 8976.
11 (1) Rad, Connolly to Scott, 7 Nov 42. PGF 259. (2) An article on a Negro bakery outfit in Iran appeared in Yank, May 21, 1943; GO 4, Hq 1616-A, SOS, 16 Oct 42; History: United States Military Iranian Mission, 20 Mar 43, prepared for Col Don G. Shingler, Chief of Mission, by 1st Lt Victor E. Dietze, Hist Off, PGF 242; Memo, Plans Div, Hq, SOS, 9 Sep 42, SPOPP 370.5 (9-8-42) . (3) Hist Rpt, Engrg Br, Opus Div, 15 Feb 44-1 Jun 45, PGF 127-1-D; for an account of the 352d Engineer Regiment's service and that of the 435th Engineer Dump Truck Company, see HOTI, Pt. III, History of Construction, by Victor H. Pentlarge, Jr., pp. 34-45, PGF, where the work of other engineer units is also recorded. (4) Strength of the Army, prepared for War Department General Staff by Machine Records Branch, Office of Adjutant General, under direction of Statistics Branch, GS, 1 Mar 45. (5) Rad WAR 70749 to Connolly, 26 Jul 44. 291.2 Negro, SL 8992. (6) Ltr, Maj Gen John E. Hull to Gen Handy, 24 Jul 44. Paper 991, Bk. 21, File 9, OPD Executive Office File.
12 (1) Hist Rpt, Cons Br, Opns Div, 15 Aug-15 Dee 43. PGF 127-K. (2) Except as otherwise noted, authority for the rest of this section is derived from History cited note 11 (3), including the section on the Construction Service; Hist Rpts, Cons Div, Cons Br, Opns Div, and Engrg Br, Opus Div, 15 Feb 43-1 Jun 45, PGF 127 ; Completion Rpt, Aid-to-Russia Highway, prepared by Engrg Br, Opns Div, Hq, PGC, PGF 127; Semimonthly and Monthly Rpts of Civilian Employees, 15 Apr 43-31 Jul 45, PGF 151 ; Hist Rpts, Civ Pers Br, Admin Div, same period, PGF 151 ; HOTI, Pt. I, Ch. 7, History of Civilian Personnel Branch Activities, Administration Division, Hq, PGC, by Col Richard W. Cooper, PGF; and Memo, Opns Div, Jun 45, for House Mil Affairs Committee, sub: PGC Installations and Facilities, 319.25 Compilations and Gathering Data, SL 9008.
13 (1) Memo, Gen Styer, CofS, SOS, for CofEngrs, 28 Oct 42, sub: Amalgamation of Dist Engr Offices with Serv Comds and/or SOS in the USAFIME. PGF 239. (2) Rad AMSME 1869, Somervell to Maxwell, 18 Nov 42; and Rad 256-Z, Maxwell to Connolly, 4 Dee 42. PGF 239. (3) Ltr, NAD Engr to CofEngrs, 8 Apr 43. NA 323 (NAD) 4, NADEF. (4) GO 11, OCofEngrs, ASF, WD, 17 Apr 43. Same file. (5) Rad, Gen Robins, Actg CofEngrs, to Connolly, 1 May 43. 384 Conduct of War with Relation to Commands, SL 9016. (6) Ltr, TAG to CofEngrs, 24 Sep 42. AG 370.5 Shipment 1616, Hq PGC. (7) GO 8, Hq, PGC, 20 Feb 44.
14 Hist Rpt, Cons Br, 15 May-15 Jun 43, PGF 127-F, names Maj E. D. Park, but omits to name the sergeant who shared his fate.
15 (1) Colonel McGlone and Colonel Cape, his executive officer, both served as Chief, Construction Branch, Operations Division. (2) SO 47, Hq, PGSC, 16 Mar 43; SO 89, Hq, PGSC, 8 May 43; GO 38, Hq, PGC, 28 Feb 45; SO 68, Hq, PGC, 15 Mar 45.
16 Ltr, Shingler to Lieber , 18 Apr 42. PGF 127.
17 A British request to the Americans to build a road from Andimeshk to Baghdad was disapproved as not contributing to the accomplishment of the PGSC's primary mission. Colonel Osborne recommended that such aid to the British be deferred until completion of the projected aid-to-Russia highways. Ltr [n. d., but after 1 Oct 42], Osborne to Scott; and Ltr, PGSC to PAI Force, 24 Dec 42. DE File D-1, Operations, NADEF.
18 This and subsequent breakdown costs are derived from the sources used for Table 14, where estimated costs of constructing American fixed installations in the Persian Corridor have been consolidated under general headings and classifications.
19 Joint Directive on Aid-to-Russia Road Construction, Policy, Procedure, and Co-operation, on the Route Andimeshk-Malayer-Hamadan-Kazvin, signed 9 Aug 43. 092.2 Treaties and Agreements, SL 8978.
20 Relieved 15 June 1945 by Major Sherwen. Rpt, Ex Off to CofS, to CofS, 22 Jun 45. PGF 251-C.
21 (1) For technical details of signals operations see Communications in the Persian Gulf Command, edited by Capt Sidney L. Jackson, Historical Section, OCSigO, October 1944, filed as Pt. I, Ch. 8, sec. 2 of HOTI, PGF ; and Pentlarge's A Supplement to Communications in the PGC, Apr 46, filed as above. (2) The basic sources for this section are the Historical Reports of the Signal Service, 15 May 43-15 Aug 45, PGF 133, and especially those for 10 Aug 44, 14 Jul 45, and 15 Aug 45. Also GO 34, Hq, PGSC, 31 May 43 (defining signal functions); Interv with Col Thomas, 1 Dec 44; Ltr, Gen Thomas to Col A. F. Clark, Jr., 22 Apr 46, PGF 133 ; and A Brief Description of the Development and Present Operations of the Persian Gulf Command, prepared 31 Aug 44 for the Superintendent, U.S. Military Academy, and transmitted by Ltr, 24 Oct 44, Historical Report 1944, SL 8997.
22 Ltr cited n. 21(2).
23 (1) Rpt, Ex Off to CofS, to CofS, 1 Mar 45. PGF 251--C. (2) Rpt, Sig Serv to CofS, 27 Jun 45 and 1 Aug 45. PGF 251-B. (3) Rpts, Opns Div to CofS, 3 and 18 Oct 45. PGF 251-B.
24 In addition to the airfields operated or used by ATC, the headquarters flight of the American command occasionally used airstrips at Ahwaz, Andimeshk, Khurramabad, Sultanabad, and Hamadan.
25 (1) HOTI, Pt. II, Ch. 1, The Abadan Aircraft Assembly Plant (and Air Base), by Wallace P. Rusterholtz, p. 2. PGF. (2) Hist Rpt, Ports Serv, Feb 45, p. 1. PGF 26-Z.
26 History cited n. 25 (1) .
27 (1) Rpt cited n. 10(1). (2) Page 10 of Rpt cited n. 11(3). (3) Station List, Hq, PGC, as of Oct 44. PGF 230-V.
28 Page 4 of Rpt cited n. 11(3) .
29 (1) Historv of the North African Div, ATC, 1 Mar 45-30 Sep 45, p. 497. Archives of the Air Hist Office, File 313 A (Mar 45-Sep 45) . (2) Station List cited n. 27 (3) .
30 (1) Page 516 of History cited n. 29 (1) . (2) Rpt cited n. 10 (1) .
31 Ltr, Connolly to Giles, 16 Nov 44. AG 686 Dhahran, Hq AMET.
32 Memo, Col N. M. Martin for Lt Col Augustus H. Martin, 7 Jun 44, sub: Establishment of the Eastern Comd, USSTAF. PGF 237.
33 Deane, The Strange Alliance, p. 112.
34 Deane, The Strange Alliance, pp. 118-21.
35 (1) Memo cited n. 32. (2) Memo, 1st Lt William G. Lerchen, Jr., for Ex Off to CofS, Hq, PGC, 21 Jul 44, sub: Status of Eastern Comd Project. PGF 237.
36 Extracts, Rpts, Ex Off to CofS. PGF 251-A, B.
37 (1) Deane, The Strange Alliance, pp. 124 (2) Rpt, Eastern Command, based on undated Memos by Col Martin, Ex Off to CPS. PGF 237.
38 Table 5.
39 (1) The sources for this section are Hist Rpt by Lt Col Charles E. Stilson, Ex Off of Movement 59003, 29 Dec 44, PGF 164; other Hist Rpts and photographs, Oct-Dec 44, same file; six unnumbered folders on Project Lux (Movement 59003), AG Files, Hq PGC; and HOTI, Pt. VII, Ch. 3, History of Project Lux, by Victor H. Pentlarge, Jr., PGF. (2) A fuller treatment of Lux appears in Charles F. Romanus and Riley Sunderland, The U.S. Army and the China-Burma-India Theaters: Vol. II, Command Problems, 1943-1944, a volume now in preparation in this series.
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