Endnotes for Chapter VI

1 (1 ) Memo, 26 Nov 41, sub: Procurement of Supplies for the Iranian Mission. AG 400.3295 (8-9-41) Sec 4. (2) Ltr. Col Lieber to Gen Wheeler, 13 Jan 42, carried by Gen Greely. Afr. M. 24/3, NADEF. (3) Ltr, Col Lieber to Engr, NAD, 14 Jan 42. Iran 46/30, NADEF.

2 Report of Foreign Manager on Fee Earned, WD Contract DA-W-1098-Eng-109, 20 Mar 43. SWP Office.

3 A. J. Ruge, Project Manager, Report on Iranian Operations, 9 Mar 43. SWP Office.

4 (1) Ltr, Folspen to CofEngrs, 19 Jan 42. AG 400.3295 (8-9-41) Sec 1. (2) Ltr, DCofS, 4 Feb 42. Same file.

5 (1) Agwileon File. PGF 260. ( 2 ) Data on personnel shipments in Charles H. Sells, Report of the Foreign Manager, 10 Mar 43, SWP Office (cited hereafter as Sells Rpt) ; Final Report of the Safety Engineer, App. I, SWP Office; Memo, 2 Jan 42, Afr. M. 11/12, NADEF; Memo, 17 Jan 42, AG 400,3295 (8-911) Sec 1; Rpt cited n. 3; Ltr, to Col Lieber, 11 Apr 42, quoted in Edmund A. Prentis, Progress Review of Construction Work, American Military Mission to Persia, 10 Mar 43, SWP Office; Report, Personnel Manager to Foreign Project Manager, Ahwaz, 21 Oct 42, DE File R-2, Reports, NADEF; Rad AMSIR 819, 29 Oct 42, quoted in Ltr, Dir, Contl Div, SOS, Hq 1616-A, Munitions Bldg, Washington, to Engr, NAD, 4 Nov 42, NA 2051 (AMSIR) 159, NADEF.

6 (1) Rad 77 to Washington, 13 Feb 42. AG 400.3295 (8-9-41) Sec 4. (2 ) Sells Rpt. (3) Ltr, Foreign Mgr to Folspen, New York, 15 Oct 42. NA 2146 (AMSIR) 2, NADEF. (4) Chart 2.

7 Converted from figure of 16,300 ship tons given in Shipping Rpts. SWP Office

8 (1) Monthly Rpt of Opns for Dec 41, Iranian Dist Engr to Engr, NAD. Iran 46/30 (another copy Iran 24/2-a), NADEF. (2) Memo, Iranian Dist Engr, 14 Jan 42. Iran 46/30, NADEF. (3) Shipping Rpts. SWP Office. (4) Rad AMSIR 296, 21 Jun 42. AG 400.3295 (8-9-41) Sec 4. (5) Memo, OpNav, 12 Jul 42, with Summaries of Statements by Survivors, 6 Aug. 42. Ships Casualty File, Water Trans Serv Div. OCofTrans. (6) Work on procuring replacements did not begin until April 1943, ten months after the sinking and four months after cancellation of the constructor's contract. It was estimated that replacements would not reach the field until November. Rpt from Washington Office of PGSC to CG, PGSC, on Activities for Week Ending 20 Apr 43, 21 Apr 43. PGF 225.

9 Ltr, Col Lieber to Col Shingler, 12 Jul 42. DE File Sue, Ships, Shipping, and Sailings, NADEF.

10 Report of a Trip to Karachi, India, by Capt Lawson T. Blood, 18 Aug 42. DE File R-2, Reports, NADEF.

11 Notes and comments by Colonel Lieber for the author, 10 February 1949.

12 Rad, Hq, Iranian Mission, Basra to Iranian Dist Engr, Ahwaz, 26 Apr 42, sub: Revision of Projects, cited HOTI, Pt. IV, History of the Ports, by Ogden C. Reed, p. 7 and n. 15. PGF.

13 Notes and comments cited n. 11.

14 Rpt by W. H. Lock, British Ministry of War Transport, quoted in General Summary Report of the Program of the War Shipping Administration for the Delivery of Russian-Aid to the Persian Gulf Ports and the Relations of the War Shipping Administration with Other Agencies, Public and Private, for the Period Ending December 1944, by Nels Anderson, ME Representative for Recruitment and Manning, WSA. PGF 257.

15 Data sheet forwarded by Dist Engr to U.S. Naval Observer, Basra, 20 Jul 42. DE File P-9, Ports and Harbor Facilities, NADEF, A 1,000-foot lighterage wharf directed to be built was never begun "because of the failure to reach a decision as to the desired location." Sells Rpt.

16 Rpt of Opns, Iran-Iraq Serv Comd, 1 May-30 Jun 42. PGF 239.

17 (1) Estimate in Tabulation of Directives, Change Orders, and Percentages Completed as of 15 Dec 42. DE File C-11.2, Correspondence on Directives, NADEF. (2) An estimate of 94 percent completion of wharf construction appears in Weekly Rpt of Opns to CG, PGSC, by Lt Col .R. G. McGlone, Iranian Dist Engr, 26 Dec 42. DE File O-1, Operations, NADEF. (3) An estimate of 88 percent completion of wharf construction appears in Information To Be Furnished to the North Atlantic Division for the Purpose of Preparing a Completion Report for Contract DA-W-1098-Eng-109, as requested by letter dated 10 May 1943 from the North Atlantic Division and signed by Capt. H. G. Groves. NA 7205 (AMSIR) 13/2 and NA 319.2 (AMSIR) 38/2, NADEF. Another copy PGF 239. Varying estimates result from differing bases of calculation. (4) See also Ltr, Col McGlone to Dist Serv Comdr, Ahwaz 27 Apr 43. DE File A-1.8/1, Contracts, NADEF. (5) Also Ltr, Capt Enos B. Cape, Actg Dist Engr, Ahwaz to Folspen, 20 Jan 43, DE File S-4, Ships, Shipping, and Sailings, NADEF. (6) Completion by the Army of the sixth berth in 1943, together with the original concrete wharf brought the installation up to 3,251 linear feet of berthing space.

18 Ltr cited n. 1(2).

19 Ltr, Sells to author, 10 Oct 49.

20 (1) Interv with A. J. Ruge, Project Mgr, SWP Office, 28 Oct 44. ( 2 ) Sells Rpt. (3) Ltr cited n. 6(3). (4) Information for Completion Report cited n. 17(3). (4) Tabulation cited n. 17 (1).

21 (1) Interv, Gen Shingler with Victor Pentlarge, Pentagon, 22 Apr 46. (2) Documents cited n. 17(1), (2), (3) ; and Sells Rpt.

22 David F. Giboney, Report on Drainage Conditions, Highways-Ahwaz to Khorramshahr (Iran), 22 May 43. SWPOfHce.

23 Documents cited n. 17 (1), ( 3 ) .

24 (1) The account of barge assembly draws upon History of A1 Kuwait Station, 19 Jun 42-10 May 43, by Ben W. Ferrell, PGF 28-D; Folspen Rpts cited in this chapter; HOTI, Pt. I, Ch. 8, Sec. 3, History of Movements Branch, Operations Division, Hq, PGC, prepared by Movements Branch, Operations Division, with Supplement by Laurence P. Corbett, and statistical appendix, Complete Summary of Port and Transportation Agencies Performance of PGC Operations through 31 May 1945, 5 July 1945, PGF; General Summary Rpt cited n. 14; Notes and comments cited n. 11; and Documents cited n. 17 (1), ( 2 ), ( 3 ) . (2) Formal authority to Folspen was Change Order 14, 8 Jun 42, effective retroactively. File, Foreign Directives and Change Orders, NA 7205 (AMSIR) 13/2, NADEF. Another copy PGF 239.

25 For an account see Alan J. Villiers, Sons of Sin6ad (New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1940), Ch. 18, "Kuwait-Port of Booms."

26 Col Lieber, Record of Conference-Kuwait Barge Assembly, 21 May 42, at Kuwait, 1 Jun 42. DE File C-3, Conferences, NADEF.

27 Lt Walter W. Santelman, succeeded, Jan 43, by Capt Earl L. Icke.

28 Barges also supplied by the Palatka Shipbuilding Company, Palatka, Fla.; the Scott-Graff Company, Duluth, Minn.; the Brownsville Shipbuilding Corporation, Brownsville, Tex.; the Lyons Construction Company, Whitehall, Mich.; and the C. D. Johnson Lumber Company, Toledo, Oreg.

29 (1) Hist Rpt, 9th Port, Mobile, for Jun 43. PGF 12-F. (2) Hist Rpt, Kuwait Barge Assembly Project, for Jun 43. PGF 28-F.

30 Minutes of meeting at Washington, 14 October 1942, where Colonel Lieber explained the procedures to a group of PGSC supply officers. NA 2175 (AMSIR) 2, NADEF.

31 (1) Memo, Col Lieber for Col Shingler, 18 May 42. DE File C-3, Conferences, NADER ( 2 ) Ltr, TAG, 22 Jun 42. AG 400.3295, Hq PGC. ( 3 ) Request to British by Hq, Iran-Iraq Serv Comd, 12 Aug 42. AG 400.3295, Hq PGC. (4) Cirs 23 and 25, Hq, USAFIME, 27 Jul and 7 Aug 42. (5) GO 1175, GHQ, MEF, 4 Sep 42, covered all financial arrangements for the maintenance of U.S. military forces. AG 323.61 Establishment of Military Districts, Binder 2, Hq PGC. The provisions of this general order were supplemented by an agreement on reciprocal arrangements for building and land occupancy reached at a meeting of British hirings officers and American reciprocal aid officer, PGSC, at the British Area Hinngs Office, Ashar, Basra, on 26 October 1943. Otherwise the Anglo-American financial agreement of September 1942 was neither rescinded nor modified. (6) Last two quotations from Financial Agreements between British and United States Forces in the Area of the Persian Gulf Command [undated, but. July 1945]. Details of Anglo-American procedures in financial matters m the Middle East are reviewed in this document. Real Property Record, Item 10 (1)-Part A, PGC, Iranian State Railway, Real Property Record, MRS, PGC, K, Part A-Vol. I. Drawer 2, Cabinet 2477, SL AMET (AG decimal files from Hq AMET formerly filed in drawers end cabinets at St. Louis, now filed at the Kansas City Records Center, AGO, Kansas City, MoJ 60.

32 Twenty-seventh Report on Lend-Lease Operations Covering the Period from March 11, 1941, through March 31, 1948 (Washington: Government Printing Office, 1949), especially App. II, pp. 59-60.

33 (1) Sells Rpt. (2) Arthur C. Millspaugh, Americans in Persia (Washington : The Brookings Institution, 1946), p. 45. (3) Notes and comments cited n. 11.

34 Lt. Col. H. G. Van Vlack, chief of the health section; Capt. Paul D. Troxler, chief of the engineering section; Arthur W. DuBois, assistant to the foreign manager of Folspen; and David F. Giboney, assistant chief engineer of Folspen.

35 (1) See Kermit Roosevelt, Arabs, Oil and History (New York: Harper & Brothers, 1949), Ch. XVIII, "Iran: Tribesmen, Soldiers and Intrigue." (2) Memo of Conf, 9 May 42. DE File C-3, Conferences, NADEF. Present: the Governor of Khuzistan; Colonel Lieber; Maj. C. M. Hearn, chief of operations for the district engineer; Charles Sells; and the local Iranian labor contractor, Mr. Nassery. (3) Some dental work performed at Colonel Van Mack's hospital at Ahwaz for certain local personages contributed to co-operative and friendly relations. Notes and comments cited n. 11.

36 (1) Memo, by DuBois, Jan 43, sub: Report on Relations with Tribal Elements with Special Reference to American Operations in Southwestern Iran. Submitted to MID where it was impossible to locate a copy. Copy seen during interview with Mr. DuBois, Washington, 2 May 1947. ( 2 ) Ltr, DuBois to author, 25 May 50.

37 (1) Conference at Washington, 14 October 1942, attended by Col. Stanley L. Scott, Chief of Staff, Persian Gulf, SOS; Colonel Lieber; Mr. Ruge; Col. Roy C. L. Graham, G-4, SOS; and Col. Theodore M. Osborne. NA 2175 (AMSIR) 2, NADEF. After the success of the American plan, Brigadier Douglas, British commander responsible for the security of the area in which the Americans were operating, abandoned plans to post 3,000 armed guards in Luristan, and entered into arrangements with the Lurs for safeguarding the ISR between Andimeshk and Dorud. Interv cited n. 36 (1). ( 2 ) Sam Pope Brewer, "Iran Incorporates Tribes into Army," The New York Times, May 14, 1949.

38 1) Health and Time Studies. SWP Office. (2) Sells Rpt.

39 1) Sells Rpt. ( 2 ) Notes and comments cited n. 11.

40 (1) Ltr, Col Slungler to Gen Maxwell, 10 Sep 42. 250.1 Morals and Conduct, SL 8991. (2) Msg, Gen Maxwell to Col Shingler, quoted in Ltr, Actg Iranian Dist Engr to Folspen, 22 Sep 42. SWP Office. (3) Sells Rpt. (4) Ltr, Ex Off, PGSC, to British Asst Provost Marshal, Tehran, 25 Sep 42. SWP Office. (5) Ltr, Col Slungler to CO, Central Area, 10 Oct 42. 250.1 Morals and Conduct, SL 8991. ((i) Ltr cited n. 6 (3 ).

41 History: United States Military Iranian Mission, 20 Mar 43, prepared for Col Don G. Shingler, Chief of Mission, by 1st Lt Victor E. Dietze, Hist Off. PGF 242.

42 For proposals, plans, and authorizations respecting termination and subsequent military construction activity, see: Rad AMSME 1869, Somervell to Maxwell, 18 Nov 42; Rad AMSME, 2797, Maxwell to Somervell, 27 Nov 42, repeated, Rad, Maxwell to Connolly, 4 Dec 42; Ltr, Maxwell to Connolly, 3 Dec 42, sub: Termination of Spencer, White & Prentis and Foley Bros. Contracts, with 1st wrapper ind, Scott, CofS, PGSC, to Osborne, Dir of Cons, PGSC, 14 Dec 42, and 2d wrapper ind, Osborne to Connolly, 14 Dec 42; Ltr, Osborne to CG, PGSC, 5 Dec 42, sub: Cancellation of Contract DA-W-1098-Eng-109 with Foley Bros., Inc., and Spencer, White & Prentis, Inc.; Rad C-368, Connolly to Maxwell, 12 Dec 42; Rad 279-Z, Maxwell to Connolly, 14 Dec 42; Rad AMSME 3305, Lt Gen Frank M. Andrews, CG, USAFIME, to Somervell, 18 Dec 42; Rad AMSME 2510, Somervell to Maxwell, 25 Dec 42; Rad AMSIR BASRA 321-Z, Maxwell to Connolly, 30 Dec 42. PGF 239.

43 The second Iranian District engineer was Lt. Col. Carl L. Meng; the third, Colonel Osborne; the fourth, Colonel McGlone; and the fifth, Captain Cape.

44 List in Information for Completion Report cited n. 17 (3 ), pp. 12-13.

45 Interwwith Sells, Pleasantville, N. Y., 28 Oct 44.

46 Ltr, Sells to Dist Engr, 12 Dec 42. DE File, unnumbered folder, Administration NADEF.

47 (1) Ltr, Col McGlone to Folspen, 15 Dec 42; Ltr, Sells to Dist Engr, 31 Dec 42; Ltr, Dist Engr to Folspen, 1 Jan 43. DE File, unnumbered folder, Administration, NADEF. (2) Sells Rpt.

48 (1) Plan of Operation on Work under Direction of United States District Engineer, 31 Dee 42. DE File C-11.2, Correspondence on Directives, NADEF. (2) Ltr, Dir of Cons to CofS, PGSC, Basra, 31 Dec 42. 611 Roads, SL 9042.

49 (1) Rpt cited n. 8 (1) ( 2 ) Ltr, Contracting Off, NAD, to Folspen, 22 Apr 44, citing Final Estimate for Work Performed to Dec 31, 1942, and Rpts submitted to Div Engr, 27 Apr 43 and 10 May 43. SWP Office. (3) Rpt cited n. 2.

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