Appendix A

[NOTE: The apparent discrepancies between strength figures and those for accessions and separations are due in part to the time lag needed for the former to catch up with the latter and in part to the confusion that attended the period of conversion from WAAC to WAC. Also, as has been noted on several occasions in the text, there arc discrepancies between current WAAC/WAC figures, which were all that were available for planning at the time, and the final figures of the Adjutant General's Office.]

TABLE 1-STRENGTH OF THE WOMEN'S ARMY CORPS: JULY 1942-DECEMBER 1946

End of month Total Officers Enlisted End of month Total Officers Enlisted
Commis- sioned Warrant Commis- sioned Warrant
1942 1944 (cont'd)
July 728 1 0 727 October 89,014 5, 900 20 83,094
August 1,811 432 0 1,379 November 90,519 5,908 25 84,586
September 3,697 775 0 2,922 December 90,191. 5,852 26 84,313
October 6,383 999 0 5,384
November 9,920 1,319 0 8,601 1945
December 12,767 1,545 0 11,222 January 92,465 5,837 26 86,602
February 93,976 5,856 27 88,093
1943 March 96,859 5,795 27 91,037
January 21,582 1,789 0 19,793 April 99,288 5,717 29 93,542
February 34,049 2.052 0 31,997 May 98,935 5,808 32 93,095
March 44,530 2,501 0 42,029 June 96,557 5,733 44 90,780
April 51,465 3,160 0 48,305 July 94,330 5,827 56 88,447
May 56,164 4,212 0 51,952 August 90,779 5,752 55 84,972
June 60,243 4,917 0 55,326 September 86,541 5,694 60 80,787
July 61,403 5,457 0 55,946 October 77,228 5,548 55 71,625
August 50,603 5,067 0 45,536 November 62,969 5,397 42 57,530
September 51,268 5,430 0 45,838 December 43,813 4,682 27 39,104
October 53,894 5,428 0 48,466
November 56,945 5,835 0 51,110 1946
December 57,731 5,856 0 51,875 January 35,947 3,918 27 32,002
February 29,801 3,409 27 26,365
1944 March 26,263 2,763 26 23,474
January 61,355 5,866 0 55,489 April 23,558 2,330 19 21,209
February 63,942 5,861 0 58,081 May 21,679 2,024 14 19,641
March 67,215 5,841 4 61,370 June 18,510 1,793 18 16,699
April 68,801 5,834 4 62,963 July 16,593 1,503 9 15,181
May 73,435 5,851 7 67,577 August 14,371 1,413 7 12,951
June 77,152 5,855 10 71,287 September 13,773 1,361 8 12,404
July 79,239 5,868 15 73,356 October 11,015 1,304 5 9,706
August 83,755 5,907 18 77,830 November 10,264 1,256 5 9,003
September 86,351 5,930 20 80,401 December 9,655 1,189 5 8,461

Source: U.S. Dept of Army, AGO, Strength Accounting Branch, Strength of the Army (STM-30), 1 December 1946, 1 July 1948, and 1 January 1949.

[765]


TABLE 2-ACCESSIONS OF PERSONNEL IN THE WOMEN'S ARMY CORPS: 1942-1946 a

Period Total Officers Warrant Officers Enlisted Period Total Officers Warrant Officers Enlisted
Total 150,551 7,071 45 143,435 1945 15,566 429 18 15,119
1942 22,055 1,390 0 20,665 January 2,495 0 0 2,495
February 3,287 51 2 3,239
1943 67,992 4,858 0 63,134 March 3,811 2 0 3,809
April 2,177 0 3 2,179
January 10,736 315 0 10,421 May 1,227 100 6 1,121
February 12,589 319 0 12,270 June 1,131 4 0 1,127
March 11,930 466 0 11,464 July 670 95 0 579
April 7,284 812 0 6,472 August 674 85 5 589
May 5,181 1,117 0 4,064 September 2 1 1 0
June 3,822 518 0 3,304 October 3 2 1 0
July 3,041 641 0 2,400 November 89 89 0 0
August 97 97 0 (b) December 0 0 0 0
September 2,953 213 0 2,740
October 2,486 126 0 2,360 1946 3,471 48 1 c 3,422
November 4,627 147 0 4,480
December 3,246 87 0 3,159 January 0 0 0 0
February 4 0 0 4
1944 41,467 346 26 41,095 March 248 0 0 248
April 627 0 0 627
January 3,199 0 0 3,199 May 360 0 0 360
February 3,573 63 0 3,510 June 203 1 0 202
March 3,647 34 4 3,609 July 211 0 0 211
April 3,989 2 2 3,985 August 530 1 0 529
May 3,727 31 3 3,693 September 426 0 0 426
June 3,762 35 4 3,723 October 427 0 0 427
July 3,624 32 6 3,586 November 250 3 0 247
August 3,411 46 3 3,362 December 185 43 1 141
September 3,743 0 2 3,741
October 2,981 20 2 2,959
November 3,452 69 0 3,383
December 2,359 14 0 2,345

a Most of the officers and warrant officers shown are also included in the enlisted column since virtually all were commissioned after enlisted service.
b Because of the conversion from WAAC to WAC, AGO records showed no new accessions of enlisted Wacs and recorded 41,177 WAAC personnel enlisting in the WAC. The August 1943 figure in Table 1 includes Waacs who did not enlist in the WAC until later.
c Data for 1946 represent re-enlistments in Army of the United States.

Source: U.S. Dept of Army, AGO, Strength Accounting Branch, Strength of the Army (STM-30), 1 February 1948, as revised by AGO.

[766]


TABLE 3-WAAC PERSONNEL STATISTICS

Strength (As of 31 July 1943) Number
On active duty 60,905
Inactive duty 2,341
Separations 4,327
Total enlistments 67,573

 

Marital Status (Through May 1943) Percent
Single 70
Married 15
Widowed, separated, or divorced 15

 

Dependency Percent
Without dependents

83.3

 

Age (Officers and EW) Percent
Under 25 40.9
25-29 27.6
30-34 14.3
35-39 9.5
40 44 6.4
45 up 1.3
Average age 27.9 years
Median age 25.24 years

 

Education Percent
Grammar School 8.3
High School, not graduated 24.0
High School Graduate 41.9
College, not graduated 16.1
College Graduate 8.8
Postgraduate .9

 

Civilian Occupation Percent
Professional and managerial 14.4
Clerical and sales 44.9
Service 16. 8
Agricultural .3
Skilled, semiskilled, unskilled manufacturing or factory work 17.3
Uncoded 6.3

 

Applicants July-Oct 1942 Nov 42-Jan 43 Feb-Mar 1943
Applications requested 75, 000 122, 386 113, 213
Percent Percent Percent
Percent of above filed 30 30 35
Percent of number filed found acceptable and asked to report for interview 60 75 93
Percent of interviewees enrolled 65 93 70
Percent of enrollees 25 years or under 40 50 45 40 50 45

 

Completed Training Number Number Number
Officers 1,127 621 1,430
Basics 2,477 8,796 31,617

 

Sent To Specialist Schools Number Number Number
Administrative 39 526 5,822
Bakers and Cooks 65 512 1,753
Motor Transport 13 565 926
Discharged 29 166 891

 

AGCT Distribution Percent Anticipated Number Actual Number Actual
(Sample of 1,400 of each race) White Negro
I 7 5 0
II 24 38 6
III 38 42 28
IV 24 13 39
V 7 2 27

 

Army Jobs (28, 451 in field, May 1943) Percent
Administrative and Office 64.4
Technical and Professional 13.6
Drivers 6.6
Food Service 5.6
Communications 2.7
Mechanical, Trade, and Manual 2.7
Supply and Stock 2.6
Radio 1.8

 

Rank as of 1 April 1943 Number
1st Officer 253
2d Officer 705
3d Officer 2,175
Chief Leader 14
1st Leader 127
Technical Leader 24
Staff Leader 180
Leader 1,299
Junior Leader 4,513
Auxiliary 1st Class 6,690

Source: (1) Info on WAAC, Dir's personal book of statistics. 1943 WAAC files, unnumbered. (2) WAAC Pen Statistics, 6 Sep 43. 1943 WAAC files, unnumbered. (3) Plng Proj 10, 7 May 43, Analysis of AGO Machine Records. WAAC Plng Serv file. (4) Plng Proj 5. May 43. WAAC Plng Serv file.

[767]


TABLE 4-STRENGTH OF WOMEN'S ARMY CORPS IN CONTINENTAL UNITED STATES: MAY 1943-DECEMBER 1946 a

End of Month All Commands Army Air Forces Army Ground Forces
Total Officers Enlisted Total Officers Enlisted Total Officers Enlisted
1943
May 55,858 4,187 51,671 6,424 168 6,256 1,070 16 1,054
June 59, 926 4, 884 55, 042 10, 415 362 10, 053 1, 154 21 1, 133
July 60, 466 5, 407 55, 059 13, 732 454 13, 278 1, 138 19 1, 119
August 49, 130 5, 002 44, 128 12, 231 594 11, 637 757 23 734
September 49, 457 5, 361 44, 096 15, 486 1, 160 14, 326 817 25 792
October 51, 711 5, 336 46, 375 16, 386 1, 395 14, 991 1, 033 70 963
November 54, 323 5, 735 48, 588 17, 702 1, 616 16, 086 1, 050 73 977
December 54, 625 5, 705 48, 920 17, 840 1, 758 16, 082 1, 190 82 1, 108
1944
January 58, 254 5, 709 52, 545 19, 628 1, 776 17, 852 1, 387 94 1, 293
February 60, 513 5, 699 54, 814 20, 809 1, 803 19, 006 1, 461 103 1, 358
March 63, 102 5, 615 57, 487 22, 144 1, 901 20, 243 1, 681 120 1, 561
April 63, 925 5, 449 58, 476 23, 760 1, 888 21, 872 1, 777 119 1, 658
May 66, 085 5, 365 60, 720 25, 368 1, 832 23, 536 1, 893 118 1, 775
June 68, 439 5, 314 63, 125 27, 202 1, 841 25, 361 1, 982 117 1, 865
July 70, 433 5, 294 65, 139 29, 336 1, 848 27, 488 2, 054 115 1, 939
August 73, 268 5, 255 68, 013 29, 802 1, 836 27, 966 2, 078 111 1, 967
September 74, 329 5, 243 69, 086 31, 076 1, 723 29, 353 2, 077 115 1, 962
October 75, 599 5, 157 70,442 32, 172 1, 658 30, 514 2, 119 111 2, 008
November 77, 244 5, 145 72, 099 32, 970 1, 654 31, 316 2,094 109 1, 985
December 76, 374 5, 023 71, 351 33, 361 1, 641 31, 720 2, 064 103 1, 961
1945
January 78, 183 4, 987 73, 196 33, 982 1, 639 32, 343 2, 035 103 1,932
February 78, 430 4, 963 73, 467 33, 829 1, 625 32, 204 1, 990 103 1,887
March 80, 899 4, 873 76, 026 33, 669 1, 607 32, 062 1, 944 104 1,840
April 83, 246 4, 797 78, 449 33, 238 1, 622 31, 616 1, 912 111 1,801
May 82, 062 4, 787 77, 275 33, 050 1, 686 31, 364 1, 958 110 1,848
June 79, 612 4, 740 74, 872 31, 505 1, 660 29,845 1, 933 114 1,819
July 77, 295 4, 681 72, 614 30, 490 1, 610 28, 880 1, 924 111 1,813
August 74, 888 4, 613 70, 275 28, 394 1, 489 26, 905 1, 858 120 1,738
September 71, 777 4,607 67, 170. 26, 750 1, 367 25, 383 1, 836 117 1,719
October 66, 220 4, 582 61, 638 24, 233 1, 293 22, 940 1, 616 107 1,509
November 56, 454 4, 707 51, 747 17, 365 1, 252 16, 113 1, 403 99 1,304
December 39, 351 4, 119 35, 232 9, 851 973 8, 878 1, 109 77 1,032
1946
January 31, 872 3, 401 28, 471 8, 392 658 7, 734 678 61 617
February 26,487 2,909 23,578 7,026 488 6,538 532 49 483
March 23,426 2,279 21,147 6,365 399 5,966 494 45 449
April 21,399 1,911 19,488 6,041 362 5,679 384 41 343
May 19,592 1,667 17,925 5,777 324 5,453 244 31 213
June 16,719 1,479 15,240 4,975 287 4,688 217 25 192
July 14,991 1,280 13,711 4,165 254 3,911 189 19 170
August 12,564 1,128 11,436 3,597 228 3,369 173 21 152
September 11,273 970 10,303 2,787 202 2,585 158 20 138
October 8,215 909 7,306 2,003 169 1,834 96 16 80
November 6,920 848 6,072 2,085 160 1,925 122 29 93
December 6,313 758 5,555 2,146 150 1,996 106 14 92

a Distribution indicates commands to which personnel were regularly assigned. Does not reflect attached strength. Wastes were attached to AAF and other commands beginning September 1942; Auxiliary status precluded direct assignment until May 1943.
b
Defense commands consolidated with service commands 31 March 1946.

[768]


TABLE 4-STRENGTH OF WOMEN'S ARMY CORPS IN CONTINENTAL UNITED STATES: MAY 1943-DECEMBER 1946 a-Continued

End of Month Army Service Forces War Department Groups Defense Commands
Total Officers Enlisted Total Officers Enlisted Total Officers Enlisted
1943
May 44,999 3,859 41,140 1 1 0 3,364 143 3,221
June 44,391 4,337 40,054 107 15 92 3,859 149 3,710
July 41,389 4,749 36,640 104 15 89 4,103 170 3,933
August 32,799 4176 28,623 114 18 96 3,229 191 3,038
September 31,913 4,094 27,819 466 34 432 775 48 727
October 33,055 3,785 29,270 490 43 447 477 43 704
November 34,569 3,979 30,590 401 36 365 601 31 570
December 34,387 3,782 30,605 641 55 586 567 28 539
1944
January 35,969 3,743 32,226 705 69 636 565 27 538
February 37,051 3,687 33,364 740 83 657 452 23 429
March 38,375 3,475 34,900 816 116 700 86 3 83
April 37,516 3,317 34,199 872 125 747 0 0 0
May 37,879 3,288 34,585 951 127 824 0 0 0
June 38,379 3,228 35,151 876 128 748 0 0 0
July 38,113 3,204 34,909 930 127 803 0 0 0
August 40,417 3,179 37,238 971 129 842 0 0 0
September 40,144 3,277 36,867 1,032 128 904 0 0 0
October 40,177 3,260 36,917 1,121 128 1,003 0 0 0
November 41,149 3,260 37,889 1,031 122 909 0 0 0
December 39,867 3,155 36,712 1,082 124 958 0 0 0
1945
January 41,074 3,129 37,945 1,092 116 976 0 0 0
February 41,515 3,111 38,404 1,096 124 972 0 0 0
March 41,165 3,039 41,126 1,121 123 998 0 0 0
April 46,950 2,944 44,006 1,146 120 1,026 0 0 0
May 45,910 2,873 43,037 1,144 118 1,026 0 0 0
June 45,027 2,840 42,187 1,147 126 1,021 0 0 0
July 43,713 2,833 40,880 1,168 127 1,041 0 0 0
August 43,484 2,872 40,612 1,152 132 1,020 0 0 0
September 41,408 2,941 38,467 1,783 182 1,601 0 0 0
October 38,785 3,022 35,763 1,586 160 1,426 0 0 0
November 36,251 3,215 33,036 1,435 141 1,294 0 0 0
December 27,218 2,945 24,273 1,173 124 1,049 0 0 0
1946
January 21,944 2,570 19,374 857 111 746 1 1 0
February 18,172 2,274 15,898 756 97 659 1 1 0
March 15,892 1,741 14,151 675 94 581 (b) (b) (b)
April 14,156 1,413 12,743 808 95 723 (b) (b) (b)
May 12,922 1,225 11,697 649 87 562 (b) (b) (b)
June c10,932 c 1,047 c 9,885 595 120 475 (b) (b) (b)
July c10,111 c 914 c 9,197 526 93 433 (b) (b) (b)
August c 8,321 c 794 c 7,527 473 85 388 (b) (b) (b)
September c 7,987 c 668 c 7,319 341 80 261 (b) (b) (b)
October c 5,894 c 648 c 5,246 222 76 146 (b) (b) (b)
November c 4,512 c 586 c 3,926 201 73 128 (b) (b) (b)
December c 3,846 c 511 c 3,335 215 83 132 (b) (b) (b)

c Army Service Forces (formerly Services of Supply) discontinued as of 11 June 1946 with reorganization of War Department (see War Department Circular 138, 14 May 1946). Figures shown for June-December 1946 are for administrative and technical services and headquarters of armies and army area troops.

Source: U.S. Dept of Army, AGO, Strength Accounting Branch, Strength of the Army (STM-30) and predecessor reports for respective months. Figures for July 1942-April 1943 are omitted because the early misunderstandings concerning WAAC status made them unreliable.

[769]


TABLE 5-WOMEN'S ARMY CORPS ENLISTED PERSONNEL IN ARMY AIR FORCES, CONTINENTAL UNITED STATES, BY MILITARY OCCUPATIONAL SPECIALTY: 31 JANUARY 1945

Specialty Number of SSN's Personnel
Number Percent Distribution
Total 489 30,430 100.0
Administrative 20 14,011 46.0
Supply 10 1,364 4.5
Medical 12 1,879 6.2
Photographic 5 972 3.2
Weather 3 242 0.8
Airplane Maintenance 16 617 2.0
Aviation Specialist 5 656 2.1
Air Crew 1 20 0.1
Radar Operator 1 5 (a)
Armament 4 51 0.2
Vehicle Operator 3 1,628 5.3
Auto Mechanic 4 82 0.3
Radio Operator 7 301 1.0
Radio Mechanic 5 359 1.2
Wire Communications 4 650 2.1
Utility Construction 11 169 0.6
Duty b . . . . 5,726 18.8
Miscellaneous c . . . . 1,698 5.6

a Less than 0.05 percent.
b
Includes 80 percent on-the-job trainees, newly recruited, and undergoing 90-day period required for AAF SSN. Estimated that these would be distributed into listed job groups according to the same ratio as other women. Remainder of Duty group includes messengers, duty sergeants, and other miscellaneous groups.
c Includes chiefly Food Services, also Chemical, etc.

Source: Extracted from list shown in "Strength of AAF Personnel in WAC within Continental U.S. by Command, SSN, and Race." SC-PS-123 (AAF Office of Statistical Control). Does not agree with AGO figure, Table 4, because of different reporting system.

[770]


TABLE 6-WOMEN'S ARMY CORPS OFFICER PERSONNEL IN ARMY AIR FORCES, CONTINENTAL UNITED STATES, BY MILITARY OCCUPATIONAL SPECIALTY: 31 JANUARY 1945

Specialty Number Specialty Number
Total 1, 541 Radar Filter Officer 5
Medical Register 4
Administrative 412 Claims Officer 3
Company Commander 263 Legal Officer 3
Military Personnel Officer 128 Vocational Education Officer 3
Adjutant 102 Aerial Photo Officer 2
Mess Officer a 70 Automotive Maintenance Officer 2
Special Services Officer 68 Ground Safety Officer 2
Supply Officer a 43 I M Supply Officer 2
Technical Supply Officer 40 Operations Officer 2
Administrative Inspector 40 Parasitologist 2
Civilian Personnel Officer 38 Psychologist 2
Finance Officer a 33 Publications Officer 2
Classification Officer 29 Sales Officer 2
Priorities and Traffic Officer 27 Security Officer 2
Executive Officer 25 Training Arts Officer 2
Statistical Officer 19 Aircraft Maintenance Officer 1
Personal Affairs Officer 19 Air Traffic Service Officer 1
Personnel Staff Officer 13 Communications Officer 1
Photo Interpreter a 13 Cryptographer 1
Passenger Transport Officer 12 Cryptographic Security Officer 1
Postal Officer 12 Fighter Interceptor Controller 1
Training Officer 12 Inspector General 1
Intelligence Officer 11 Judge Advocate 1
Information and Education 9 Operations and Training Staff Officer 1
Instructor 9 Ordnance Supply Officer 1
Motor Transport Officer 9 Personnel Equipment Officer 1
Historian 7 Petrol Supply Officer 1
Combat Liaison Officer 6 Salvage Officer 1
Message Center Officer a 6 Signal Supply Officer 1
Physical Tng Officer 6 Student 1
Bacteriologist 5

a Two SSN's assigned to this Military Occupational Specialty.

Source: Extracted from list shown in "Strength of AAF Personnel in WAC within Continental U.S. By Command, SSN, and Race." SC-PS-123 (AAF Office of Statistical Control). Does not agree with AGO figure, Table 4, because of different reporting system.

[771]


TABLE 7-STRENGTH OF WOMEN'S ARMY CORPS IN OVERSEAS THEATERS: 1943-1946

End of Month All Overseas Theaters Africa and Middle East China, Burma, and India European
Total Officers Enlisted Total Officers Enlisted Total Officers Enlisted Total Officers Enlisted
1943
January 200 10 190 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
February 201 10 191 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
March 201 10 191 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
April 274 18 256 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 2 0
May 306 25 281 0 0 0 0 0 0 13 8 5
June 317 33 284 0 0 0 0 0 0 19 12 7
July 937 50 887 0 0 0 0 0 0 595 33 562
August 1,473 65 1,408 0 0 0 0 0 0 595 33 562
September 1,811 69 1,742 0 0 0 0 0 0 1,027 41 986
October 2,183 92 2,091 0 0 0 3 1 2 1,031 42 989
November 2,622 100 2,522 0 0 0 10 2 8 1,172 46 1, 126
December 3,106 151 2,955 12 2 10 50 4 46 1,203 78 1,125
1944
January 3,101 157 2, 944 12 2 10 49 4 45 1,203 78 1, 125
February 3,429 162 3,267 12 2 10 49 4 45 1,560 87 1,473
March 4,113 230 3,883 12 2 10 49 4 45 1,710 126 1,584
April 4,806 389 4,487 12 2 10 49 4 45 2,271 171 2,100
May 7,350 493 6,857 12 2 10 50 5 45 3,687 222 3,465
June 8,713 551 8,162 254 6 248 50 5 45 4,715 251 4,464
July 8,806 589 8,217 253 5 248 49 5 44 4,781 287 4,494
August 10,487 670 9,817 253 5 248 123 10 113 4,962 297 4,665
September 12,022 707 11,315 253 6 247 211 12 199 5,425 310 5,115
October 13,415 763 12,652 252 6 246 322 13 309 6,165 346 5,819
November 13,275 788 12,487 252 6 246 325 14 311 5,799 361 5, 438
December 13,817 855 12,962 252 6 246 326 16 310 5,931 348 5,583
1945
January 14,282 876 13,406 290 9 281 324 15 309 5,984 354 5,630
February 15,546 920 14,626 292 9 283 344 16 328 6,645 378 6,267
March 15,960 949 15,011 310 13 297 334 16 318 6,892 430 6,462
April 16,042 949 15,093 305 12 293 331 15 316 6,938 424 6,514
May 16,873 1, 053 15,820 302 13 289 325 17 308 7,530 470 7,060
June 16,945 1, 037 15,908 294 13 281 328 15 313 7,771 490 7,281
July 17,035 1, 202 15,833 266 14 252 310 12 298 8,316 609 7,707
August 15,891 1, 194 14,697 258 14 244 294 11 283 7,826 657 7,169
September 14,764 1, 147 13,617 245 14 231 289 13 276 7,746 667 7,079
October 11,008 1, 021 9,987 5 4 1 268 12 256 5,766 598 5,168
November 6,515 732 5,783 4 4 0 135 10 125 4,089 449 3,640
December 4,462 590 3,872 4 4 0 83 8 75 3,264 393 2,871
1946
January 4,075 544 3,531 0 0 0 110 10 100 3,109 379 2,730
February 3,314 527 2,787 2 2 0 128 6 122 2,653 344 2,309
March 2,837 510 2,327 1 1 0 91 6 85 2,109 312 1,797
April 2,159 438 1,721 1 1 0 79 7 72 1,680 262 1,418
May 2,087 371 1,716 0 0 0 136 8 128 1,476 212 1,264
June 1,791 332 1,459 0 0 0 133 9 124 1,526 201 1,325
July 1,702 232 1,470 0 0 0 109 9 100 1,476 113 1,363
August 1,807 292 1,515 0 0 0 117 7 110 1,448 124 1,324
September 2,500 399 2,101 0 0 0 118 8 110 2,147 263 1,884
October 2,800 400 2,400 0 0 0 123 8 115 2,168 248 1,920
November 3,344 413 2,931 0 0 0 116 8 108 2,152 244 1,908
December 3,342 436 2,906 0 0 0 116 8 108 2,140 267 1,873

a Consists chiefly of personnel assigned to U.S. commands but on temporary or recurring duty overseas. Includes personnel en route from United States to theaters and small numbers assigned for short periods to Northwest Service Command and Caribbean Defense Command.
b
Audited strength reports apparently incomplete. Other sources indicate total strength of 36 (11 officer; and 25 enlisted women).

[772]


TABLE 7-STRENGTH OF WOMEN'S ARMY CORPS IN OVERSEAS THEATERS: 1943-1946-Con.

End of Month Mediterranean Pacific Other a
Total Officers Enlisted Total Officers Enlisted Total Officers Enlisted
1943
January 200 10 190 0 0 0 0 0 0
February 201 10 191 0 0 0 0 0 0
March 201 10 191 0 0 0 0 0 0
April 199 11 188 0 0 0 73 5 68
May 272 16 256 0 0 0 21 1 20
June 295 18 277 0 0 0 3 3 0
July 283 15 168 0 0 0 59 2 57
August 338 16 322 0 0 0 540 16 524
September 784 28 756 0 0 0 0 0 0
October 776 30 746 0 0 0 373 19 354
November 1,157 44 1,113 0 0 0 283 8 275
December 1,461 57 1,404 0 0 0 380 10 370
1944
January 1,800 61 1,739 32 7 25 5 5 0
February 1,800 61 1,739 b 4 b 4 b 0 4 4 0
March 1,754 58 1,696 157 16 141 431 24 407
April 1,732 66 1,666 157 17 140 655 129 526
May 1,864 95 1,769 654 128 526 1,083 41 1,042
June 1,937 95 1,842 1,035 152 883 722 42 680
July 1,897 96 1,801 1,419 163 1,256 407 33 374
August 1,928 99 1,829 1,421 169 1,252 1,800 90 1,710
September 1,905 99 1,806 2,643 211 2,432 1,585 69 1,516
October 1,991 104 1,887 3,745 243 3,502 940 51 889
November 1,620 90 1,530 3,384 231 3,153 1,895 86 1,809
December 1,576 87 1,489 4,343 278 4,065 1,389 120 1,269
1945
January 1,569 89 1,480 4,712 339 4,373 1,403 70 1,333
February 1,547 86 1,461 5,262 356 4,906 1,456 75 1,381
March 1,652 89 1,563 5,237 333 4,904 1,535 68 1,467
April 1,608 89 1,519 5,173 328 4,845 1,687 81 1,606
May 1,503 86 1,417 5,011 337 4,674 2,202 130 2,072
June 1,418 85 1,333 5,068 329 4,739 2,066 105 1,961
July 1,200 74 1,126 4,856 347 4,509 2,087 146 1,941
August 969 64 905 4,705 342 4,363 1,839 106 1,733
September 769 44 725 4,285 321 3,964 1,430 88 1,342
October 224 36 188 3,605 295 3,310 1,140 76 1,064
November 179 34 145 1,287 136 1,151 821 99 722
December 95 8 87 486 131 355 530 46 484
1946
January 8 8 0 368 114 254 480 33 447
February 8 8 0 124 124 0 399 43 356
March 8 8 0 139 135 4 489 48 441
April 8 8 0 117 115 2 274 45 229
May 7 7 0 105 102 3 363 42 321
June 7 7 0 86 86 0 39 29 10
July 7 7 0 84 84 0 26 19 7
August 6 6 0 75 75 0 161 80 81
September 7 7 0 76 71 5 152 50 102
October 64 8 56 230 95 135 215 41 174
November 62 6 56 436 101 335 578 54 524
December 157 11 146 609 106 503 320 44 276

Sourer: U.S. Dept. of Army, AGO, Strength Accounting Branch, Strength of the Army (STM-30) and predecessor reports for respective months.

[773]


TABLE 8-DECORATIONS AND AWARDS MADE TO THE WOMEN'S ARMY CORPS: 7 DECEMBER 1941-30 JUNE 1947 a

Type of Award Total Continental United States Pacific and Far East Commands U.S. Forces in China U.S. Forces in India-Burma European Command Mediterranean Theater of Operations U.S. Forces in Africa Mid-East
Total 639 41 105 21 10 314 145 3
Original 633 40 105 21 10 311 143 3
Oak-leaf Cluster 6 1 0 0 0 3 2 0
Distinguished Service Medal 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
Original 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oak-leaf Cluster 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Legion of Merit 62 33 5 2 1 8 10 3
Original 59 32 5 2 1 7 9 3
Oak-leaf Cluster 3 1 0 0 0 1 1 0
Soldier's Medal 10 5 4 0 0 0 1 0
Original 10 5 4 0 0 0 1 0
Oak-leaf Cluster 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Bronze Star Medal. 565 2 96 19 9 305 134 0
Original 562 2 96 19 9 303 133 0
Oak-leaf
Cluster
3 0 0 0 0 2 1 0
Air Medal 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 0
Original 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 0
Oak-leaf
Cluster
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

a Does not include Purple Heart or Army Commendation Ribbon.

Source: War Department, Decorations and Awards, HTM-14, Prepared by Strength Accounting Branch, AGO, under direction of Statistical Division, Office of the Army Comptroller, OCS, 30 June 1947.

[774]


TABLE 9-PERSONNEL DISCHARGED FROM THE WOMEN'S ARMY CORPS BECAUSE OF PREGNANCY: 1942-1946

Period Total Officers Enlisted Women Rate per Thousand per
Month a
Period Total Officers Enlisted Women Rate per Thousand per
Month a
Total 11,402 465 10,937 4.0 1944 (cont'd)
September 416 24 392 4.8
1942 19 3 16 0.5 October 385 12 373 4.3
July 0 0 0 0.0 November 391 20 371 4.3
August 0 0 0 0.0 December 440 19 421 4.9
September 2 0 2 0.5 1945 5,923 232 5,691 5. 7
October 2 1 1 0.3 January 546 15 531 5.9
November 2 0 2 0.2 February 372 17 355 4.0
December 13 2 11 1.0 March 551 25 526 5.7
1943 815 49 766 1.4 April 473 23 450 4.8
January 14 0 14 0.6 May 489 27 462 4.9
February 31 3 28 0.9 June 655 22 633 6.8
March 50 0 50 1.1 July 687 31 656 7.3
April 57 5 52 1.1 August 504 22 482 5.6
May 106 2 104 1.9 September 560 23 537 6.5
June 95 7 88 1. 6 October 444 13 431 5. 7
July 150 5 145 2.4 November 332 5 327 5.3
August 42 12 30 0.8 December 310 9 301 7.1
September 43 2 41 0.8 1946 857 5 852 3.7
October 42 4 38 0.8 January 270 1 269 7.5
November 78 5 73 1.4 February 95 1 94 3.2
December 107 4 103 1.9 March 71 0 71 2.7
1944 3, 788 176 3,612 4.1 April 44 0 44 1. 9
January 135 9 126 2.2 May 149 0 149 6. 9
February 175 10 165 2.7 June 40 0 40 2.2
March 231 5 226 3.4 July 45 1 44 2. 7
April 278 9 269 4.0 August 51 0 51 3.5
May 280 13 267 3. 8 September 31 1 30 2. 3
June 441 15 426 5.7 October 23 0 23 2.1
July 261 22 239 3.3 November 20 0 20 1.9
August 355 18 337 4.2 December 18 1 17 1.9

a Computed on the basis of month-end strength. Averages shown for periods are weighted arithmetic averages; geometric averages would be somewhat lower.

Source: U.S. Department of Army, Administrative Services Division, AGO.

[775]


TABLE 10-PERCENT DISTRIBUTION OF WAC AND MALE PERSONNEL IN THE U.S. ARMY, BY GRADE: DECEMBER 1942-DECEMBER 1946

Grade 31 Dec 1942 1943 1944 1945 1946
30 Jun 31 Dec 30 Jun 31 Dec 30 Jun 31 Dec 30 Jun 31 Dec
Commissioned Officers
WAC 12.1 8.2 10.1 7.6 6.5 5.9 10.7 9.7 12.3
Male 6.8 7.6 8.4 8.8 9.3 9.5 13.9 13.0 11.3
General Officers
WAC 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Male (a) (a) (a) (a) (a) (a) (a) (a) (a)
Colonel
WAC (b) (b) (b) (b) (b) (b) (b) (b) (b)
Male 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0. 1 0.1 0. 3 0.5 0.5
Lieutenant Colonel
WAC 0.0 0.0 0.0 (a) (a) (a) (a) 0.1 0.1
Male 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.7 0.9 1.0
Major
WAC 0.0 (a) 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.4 0.6 0.7
Male 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.9 1.5 1.5 1.5
Captain
WAC 0.2 0.5 0.8 0.8 1.0 1.1 2.6 3.6 5.2
Male 1.3 1.4 1.7 1.9 2.2 2.4 4.2 3.6 3.4
First Lieutenant
WAC 0.8 1.3 2.3 2.8 2.9 3.8 6.5 4.4 4.9
Male 2.0 2.1 2.4 2.6 3.0 3.6 5.2 4.7 3.8
Second Lieutenant
WAC 11.1 6.4 6.9 3.9 2.5 0.8 1.2 1.0 1.4
Male 2.7 3.2 3.3 3.2 2.9 2.1 2.0 1.8 1.1
Warrant and Flight Officers
WAC 0.0 0.0 0.0 (a) (a) 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Male 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.5 0.4
Enlisted Personnel
WAC 87.9 91.8 89.9 92. 4 93.5 94.0 89.2 90.2 87. 6
Male 93.0 92.1 91.2 90.7 90.0 89.8 85.3 86.5 88.3
Master and First Sergeant
WAC 0.1 0.4 0.7 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.8 1.2 2.6
Male 0.9 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.4 1.4 1.4 2.5 3.3
Technical Sergeant
WAC 0.0 0.1 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.7 1.2 2.1 3.9
Male 0.9 1.1 1.5 2.0 2.4 2.6 2.1 2.0 2.6
Staff Sergeant and T/3
WAC 0.0 0.6 1.9 2.3 3.1 3.8 5.2 7.9 14.6
Male 3.7 4.2 5.0 5.9 6.9 7.5 6.4 4.5 5.2
Sergeant and T/4
WAC 0.2 4.3 10.0 9.9 11.0 12.0 17.5 24.8 32.0
Male 7.6 8.7 10.6 11.1 12.2 12.8 12.5 8.1 7.7
Corporal and T/5
WAC 1.9 12.8 22.3 18.7 18.3 21.2 35.1 37.5 25.5
Male 12.4 15.2 16.6 17.1 18.7 18.8 18.6 14.5 14. 3
Private First Class
WAC 0.0 18.0 19.1 17.7 17.0 25.0 19.0 13.6 7. 4
Male 13.5 19.1 19.0 19.0 19.4 27.5 24.6 25.4 24.6
Private
WAC 85.7 55.6 35.6 42.9 43.1 30.7 10.4 3.1 1.6
Male 54.0 42.8 37.4 34.4 29.0 19.2 19.7 29.5 30.6

a Less than 0.05 percent.
b The Director was the only woman in the WAC holding the rank of colonel.

Source: U.S. Department of Army, AGO, Strength Accounting Branch, Strength of the Army (STM-30), respective months.

[776]


TABLE 11-STRENGTH OF NEGRO PERSONNEL IN THE WOMEN'S ARMY CORPS: 1943-1946 a

End of Month Total Officers Enlisted
Number Percent of Total WAC
1943
March 2,532 5.7 65 2,467
June 3,161 5.2 105 3,056
September 3,012 5.9 105 2,907
December 2,805 4.9 103 2,702
1944
March 3,175 4.7 115 3,060
June 3,506 4.5 117 3,389
September 3,766 4.4 121 3,645
December 4,040 4.5 120 3,920
1945
March 3,902 4.1 115 3,787
June 3,849 4. 0 117 3,732
September 3,738 4.3 105 3,633
December 1,690 3.9 80 1,610
1946
March 786 3.0 32 754
June 673 3.6 15 658
September 279 2.0 15 264
December 372 3.9 9 363

a Negro strength is based on personal statements at time of entry into active service. Does not necessarily include personnel of other races with Negro blood.

Source: U.S. Dept. of Army, AGO, Strength Accounting Branch, Strength of the Army (STM-30). 1 January 1949.

[777]


TABLE 12-ENLISTED PERSONNEL SEPARATED FROM THE WOMEN'S ARMY CORPS: AUGUST 1942-DECEMBER 1946 a

Period Total Death (Non-battle) Reassignment Honorable Discharge Dishon-orable Dis-charge Dis-charge Other Than Honor- able d
Commis-sioned Officer Warrant Officer Medi-cal b Inapti-tude or Unsuit-ability Demobi-lization Other c
Total 137,209 160 7,833 39 22,324 1,322 43,093 61,155 71 1,212
1942 1,659 0 1,536 0 63 5 0 47 0 8
August 431 0 428 0 2 0 0 1 0 0
September 381 0 368 0 6 0 0 7 0 0
October 344 0 331 0 6 0 0 7 0 0
November 258 0 231 0 15 2 0 9 0 1
December 245 0 178 0 34 3 0 34 0 7
1943 26,079 29 5,005 0 4,263 53 0 16,427 0 302
January 377 1 313 0 28 2 0 27 0 6
February 483 1 320 0 98 4 0 48 0 12
March 963 1 486 0 314 4 0 135 0 23
April 1,310 4 663 0 413 5 0 205 0 20
May 1,973 3 1,130 0 536 4 0 268 0 32
June 1,693 1 673 0 604 8 0 347 0 60
July 1,695 1 528 0 671 10 0 428 0 51
August e 14,310 4 252 0 348 11 0 13,664 0 31
September 1,844 6 203 0 506 1 0 1,098 0 30
October 430 4 127 0 235 0 0 51 0 13
November 513 1 162 0 253 1 0 80 0 16
December 488 2 148 0 251 3 0 76 0 8
1944 10,582 46 485 23 6,706 291 0 2,684 28 319
January 335 3 0 0 273 7 0 46 0 6
February 502 1 58 0 344 9 0 82 0 8
March 604 0 34 4 452 5 0 93 1 15
April 648 4 1 1 476 7 0 137 2 20
May 710 7 31 4 472 10 0 168 0 18
June 1,177 7 85 4 742 24 0 289 3 23
July 603 6 19 3 395 9 0 147 3 21
August 1,062 5 44 4 640 32 0 296 5 36
September 1,118 5 3 2 713 39 0 311 4 41
October 1,143 1 98 1 687 39 0 285 4 28
November 1,313 3 98 0 687 58 0 417 1 49
December 1,367 4 14 0 825 52 0 413 5 54
1945 67,105 71 697 16 10,013 896 22,582 32,238 41 551
January 1,524 8 55 0 899 49 0 442 3 68
February 1,108 3 59 1 615 45 0 330 5 50
March 1,670 6 8 0 950 78 0 536 1 91
April 1,351 10 40 2 761 61 0 428 5 44
May 1,530 0 119 2 812 74 38 441 3 41
June 2,811 18 96 4 977 88 145 1,431 6 46
July 3,828 15 54 4 1,128 147 233 2,172 10 65
August 3,187 4 101 1 935 97 477 1,525 2 45
September 5,154 4 4 0 808 59 1,871 2,374 2 32
October 9,160 1 23 2 812 100 4,040 4,142 2 28
November 16,013 2 131 0 716 60 8,227 6,845 1 31
December 19,769 0 7 0 600 28 7,551 11,572 1 10
1946 31,784 14 110 0 1,279 77 20,511 9,759 2 32
January 8,166 0 15 0 264 23 2,950 4,909 0 5
February 4,135 0 15 0 152 7 2,464 1,489 1 7
March 3,355 1 2 0 179 10 2,067 1,093 0 3
April 2,104 2 19 0 140 7 1,337 593 1 5
May 1,580 4 15 0 148 7 872 533 0 1
June 1,972 0 2 0 82 6 1,460 420 0 2
July 3,061 3 1 0 87 5 2,663 305 0 3
August 1,873 0 0 0 73 6 1,577 213 0 4
September 933 1 1 0 33 1 805 90 0 2
October 3,206 2 0 0 42 2 3,104 56 0 0
November 1,021 0 2 0 34 0 960 25 0 0
December 372 1 8 0 45 3 252 33 0 0

a Separations from November 1943 through June 1945 are based on month of processing. Other months reflect actual month of occurrence. Figures shown do not include the number dropped from the rolls because of AWOL and desertion.
b
Includes certificate of disability, pregnancy and likelihood of early recurrences of incapacitating symptoms.
c Includes minority, dependency, hardship, marriage, national health, safety, or interest, and others. Includes 14,199 separated at their request during August-October 1943, due to conversion to WAC.
d includes undesirable habits or traits of character and misconduct.
e Excludes 41,177 WAAC enlisted personnel reenlisting in the WAC during August 1943.

Source: U. S. Dept. of Army, AGO, Strength Accounting Branch. Strength of the Army (STM-30) 1 August 1949.

[778]


TABLE 13-OFFICERS SEPARATED FROM THE WOMEN'S ARMY CORPS: SEPTEMBER 1942-DECEMBER 1946 a

Period Total Death (Non-battle) Honorable Discharge Dishonor-able Discharge Discharge other than Honorable c
Resigna-tion Demobili-zation Physical Disquali-fication Pregnancy Other b
Total 5,622 21 29 3,602 262 465 1,219 3 21
1942 5 0 0 0 0 3 2 0 0
September 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0
October 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0
November 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
December 3 0 0 0 0 2 1 0 0
1943 479 7 1 0 55 49 349 0 18
January 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
February 3 0 0 0 0 3 0 0 0
March 4 0 0 0 1 0 3 0 0
April 5 0 0 0 0 5 0 0 0
May 8 1 0 0 1 2 4 0 0
June 15 0 0 0 2 7 5 0 1
May 17 0 0 0 5 5 6 0 1
August 205 0 0 0 2 12 188 0 3
September 191 0 0 0 36 2 140 0 13
October 9 2 0 0 3 4 0 0 0
November 13 2 0 0 4 5 2 0 0
December 9 2 1 0 1 4 1 0 0
1944 288 5 8 0 70 176 28 0 1
January 20 0 0 0 7 9 4 0 0
February 15 1 2 0 2 10 0 0 0
March 16 0 0 0 9 5 2 0 0
April 20 2 0 0 6 9 3 0 0
May 24 1 0 0 9 13 1 0 0
June 23 0 0 0 3 15 5 0 0
July 28 0 0 0 4 22 2 0 0
August 21 0 1 0 2 18 0 0 0
September 27 0 1 0 1 24 1 0 0
October 20 0 0 0 5 12 3 0 0
November 35 0 0 0 11 20 4 0 0
December 39 1 4 0 11 19 3 0 1
1945 1,545 6 19 963 103 232 218 3 1
January 28 0 1 0 9 15 3 0 0
February 31 0 4 0 5 17 5 0 0
March 45 0 2 0 15 25 3 0 0
April 50 2 7 0 11 23 5 1 1
May 39 0 2 1 2 27 7 0 0
June 39 1 1 3 7 22 5 0 0
July 58 0 0 11 6 31 10 0 0
August 83 1 0 35 14 22 10 1 0
September 71 0 1 30 10 23 6 1 0
October 162 2 1 114 10 13 22 0 0
November 325 0 0 273 4 5 43 0 0
December 614 0 0 496 10 9 99 0 0
1946 3,305 3 1 2,639 34 5 622 0 1
January 810 1 0 634 6 1 168 0 0
February 461 0 0 317 7 1 136 0 0
March 462 0 0 363 0 0 98 0 1
April 332 0 0 263 3 0 66 0 0
May 314 1 1 277 2 0 33 0 0
June 235 0 0 209 4 0 22 0 0
July 187 0 0 161 3 1 22 0 0
August 144 0 0 128 2 0 14 0 0
September 128 0 0 101 4 1 22 0 0
October 66 0 0 52 2 0 12 0 0
November 62 0 0 44 1 0 17 0 0
December 104 1 0 90 0 1 12 0 0

a Includes data for 47 WAC warrant officers.
b Consists chiefly of personnel released as surplus officers or relieved at own request.
c Includes undesirable habits or traits of character and misconduct.

Source: U.S. Dept of Army, AGO, Strength Accounting Branch, Strength of the Army (STM-30), 1 August 1949, and unpublished work sheets used in compiling this report.

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