Endnotes for Chapter XIV
1 For an indication of the mixed exasperation, resignation, and understanding with which the Army Ground Forces regarded OPD's direction of the movement of units overseas, see memo, AGF for OPD (Attn: Maj Gen Handy), 6 Aug 43, no sub, OPD 370.5, 556.
2 Memo, ASF for CofS, 3 Apr 43, sub: Suggested Changes in Orgn of WD, copy filed OPD 320 WD, 1.
3 (1) Note, GCM for Maj Gen Handy, OPD 320 WD, 1. (2) Memo, Maj Gen Handy for Gen Marshall, 6 Apr 43, no sub, OPD 320 WD, 1.
4 Memo, ASF for CofS, 3 Apr 43, sub: Suggested Changes in Orgn of WD, copy filed OPD 320 WD, 1.
5 Memo, Lt Gen Somervell for Brig Gen Wedemeyer, 23 May 43, sub: Memo on Shipts Required for Opns in India, Paper 1, Book 10, Exec 8.
6 Memo, OPD for CofS, 6 Apr 43, no sub, OPD 320 WD, 1.
7 Memo, ASF for CofS, 1 Jun 43, sub: Reorgn of Serv Activities, G-4 020, Vol. I. With this memorandum General Somervell submitted two enclosures, one of which reproduced most of the 3 April memorandum under the title, "Proposed Organization of the War Department." Chart VII attached (though placed separately in the same file) showed that he proposed a General Staff composed of G-2 and OPD, with Planning, Training, and Operations Branches.
8 Draft study, 26 Jun 43, title: Notes on Proposed Orgn of Serv Activities, OPD 320, 53. This study bears General Handy's initial.
9 Memo, Lt Gen McNair for Lt Gen Somervell, 24 Jun 43, sub: Your Proposed Reorgn of Serv Activities, Hq, ASF, AGF file (1943-1944), Hist Rcds Sec, AG Rcds Br.
10 For recognition in G-4 that General Staff Divisions, except for OPD, did not have the necessary authority to get things done, see: (1) memo, Capt J. C. Cross for ACofS G-4, 20 Mar 43, sub: Activities of G-4 Div WDGS, G-4 020, Vol. I; (2) memo, Lt Col James McCormack for Brig Gen R. C. Moses, 16 Apr 43, sub: Reorgn of WD, G-4 020, Vol. I.
11 See OPD Hist Unit Study U, "Maddocks Committee Report on Revision of the Current Military Program," for discussion of this report, extremely important in the history of the mobilization of the Army. The committee members were Col. R. T. Maddocks of S&P, Col. E. W. Chamberlain of G-3, and Lt. Col. M. S. Carter of the Logistics Group. Cf. R. R. Palmer, "Mobilization of the Ground Army," in The Organization of Ground Combat Troops, p. 226.
12 Rpt circulated as Tab D with memo, Col O. L. Nelson, Jr., [for DCofS], 6 Ju1 43, sub: Info Supplementing Directives Implementing Revision of Cur Mil Program, OPD 320.2, 891.
13 The chief of the Logistics Group promptly pointed out the potentialities of his staff for the task at hand. See memo, Brig Gen P. H. Tansey for Maj Gen Handy, 15 Jul 43, sub: OPD Sees for Coordination of Pers, Tr and Matériel Matters, OPD 320 WD, 7.
14 Memo, Col O. L. Nelson, Jr., 1 Jul 43, sub: Mvmts to Theaters, OPD 370.5, 551. General McNarney instructed G-1, G-3, G-4, and OPD to submit a joint report by 1 August.
15 Rpt, n.d., no title, attchd to memo, Col Maddocks for ACofS OPD, 11 Jul 43, sub: Mvmts to Ts, OPD, 370.5, 551. This draft report might well be called the second Maddocks report of mid-1943, the first being the June report on the troop program. Since there was still a third in August, on internal OPD organization, the terms "Maddocks Report" and "Maddocks Committee" have been avoided in this case for the sake of clarity in reference.
16 (1) Memo, Col. C. D. Silverthorne for Chief Theater Gp, 14 Jul 43, OPD 370.5, 551. (2) Cf. memo, Brig Gen Hull for Exec OPD, 15 Jul 43, sub: Mvmts to Ts, OPD 370.5, 551.
17 Alternate versions of p. 4 of rpt submitted with memo, OPD for DCofS, 31 Jul 43, sub: Mvmt to Ts, OPD 370.5, 551.
18 Memo, OPD for DCofS, 31 Jul 43, sub: Mvmt to Ts, OPD 370.5, 551.
19 Memo, DCofS for G-1, G-3, G-4, and OPD, 5 Aug 43, sub: Mvmts to Ts, OPD 370.5, 551. The copy signed by General McNarney is erroneously stamped "not used" but bears notation by Colonel Gailey: "This was used. C.K.G."
20 For one example of OPD's healthy respect for Service Forces influence, see memo, CKG for Brig Gen Hull, 3 Dec 43, no sub, Paper 6, Book 14, Exec 9. Colonel Gailey observed: "If the conference [on Victory Program Troop Basis] decides against the Army Service Forces, they are going to take it up with General McNarney anyhow. Therefore I recommend seeing General McNarney first and getting his definite ideas prior to holding the conference. We can then ... know just how far to go with the appeasement."
21 (1) Memo, OPD for Col H. I. Hodes, etc., 17 Jun 43, no sub, OPD 320 WD, 7. (2) Memo, Col H. I. Hodes, etc." for ACofS OPD, 1 Jul 43, sub: OPD Secs for Coordination of Pers Tr and Matériel Matters, envelope with OPD 320 WD, 7. Note enclosures, including chart of proposed reorganizations.
22 Memo, Brig Gen Hull for ACofS OPD, 19 Jul 43, no sub, OPD 320 WD, 7.
23 Note, CKG for Brig Gen Hull, n.d., atchd to draft memo, Col Gailey for Chiefs, Theater, Logistics, and S&P Gps, 11 Aug 43, sub: OPD Coordination of Pers, Tr and Matériel Matters, OPD 320 WD, 7.
24 (1) Memo, OPD for Chiefs, Theater, Logistics, and S&P Gps, 12 Aug 43, sub: OPD Coordination ..., OPD 320 WD, 7. (2) Draft memo atchd to memo, Brig Gen Hull for ACofS OPD, 19 Jul 43, no sub, OPD 320 WD, 7.
25 Memo, OPD for Chiefs, Theater, Logistics, and S&P Gps, 12 Aug 43, sub: OPD Coordination . . ., OPD 320 WD, 7.
26 Rpt, n.d., no title, atchd to memo, Col Maddocks for ACofS OPD, 31 Aug 43, sub: Duties of WDGS Divs, Paper 120, Book 11, Exec 9.
27 Colonel Maddocks listed these duties as thirty-four instead of thirty-six by combining three duties as one.
28 Rpt, n.d., no title, atchd to memo, Col Maddocks for ACofS OPD, 31 Aug 43, sub: Duties of WDGS Divs, Paper 120, Book 11, Exec 9. Annex A is a large table showing the "duties of Theater and Logistics Groups insofar as individuals, units, and materiel are concerned and proposed reassignment of these duties to the Operations and the other General Staff Divisions." The terminology follows that in the 12 August 1943 memorandum cited in note 24. Logistics Group duties are well summarized in the memorandum as quoted above.
29 For reference to Colonel Maddocks' study to group chiefs for comments, see memo, Brig Gen Hull for Chiefs, Logistics, S&P, and Theater Gps, 5 Sep 43, sub: Study on Possible Reasgmt of Functions OPD 320 WD, 13.
30 Memo, Col Gailey for Maj Gen Handy, 26 Sep 43, sub: Study on Possible . . . , Paper 95, Book 12, Exec 9.
31 Memo, Maj Gen Handy for Brig Gen Hull, etc., 3 Oct 43, no sub, OPD 320 WD, 13.
32 Memo, Col Gailey for Chiefs, Theater, Logistics, and S&P Gps, 29 Oct 43, sub: Decisions Reached at Conf, Gen McNarney's Office, 14 Oct 43, etc., OPD 320 WD, 14.
33 Memo for rcd, CKG, 16 Oct 43, sub: Decisions Reached at Conf, Gen McNarney's Office, 14 Oct 43, Reference Annex A to Col Maddocks' Study on Reasgmt of Duties of Logistics Gp of OPD to OPD and other GS Divs, OPD 320 WD, 14.
34 Memo, OPD for Lt Gen McNair, 4 Apr 44, sub: Development and Procurement of New Radar, Paper 514, Book 17, Exec 9.
35 Memo, Col E. C. Bomar [Exec Logistics Gp] for Exec OPD, 17 Jan 44, sub: Reorgn-Logistics Gp, OPD 321.19 OPD, 34.
36 WD Cir 220, par. 13, 20 Sep 43, sub: Supply of O'seas Comds.
37 Memo, Col V. J. Esposito for author, 2 Jan 47, sub: Comments on Draft Manuscript "The Way OPD Worked," OPD Hist Unit Comments file.
38 WDGS Cir 5-5, 12 Jun 45.
39 Memo, Brig Gen Tansey for Maj Gen Hull, 1 Jun 44, sub: Follow-Up on Projects, Item 2B, OPD Hist Unit file.
40 WD Cir 134, 8 Apr 44.
41 (1) OPD Book, 15 Jun 43-31 Aug 45, title: Deployment of Allied Divs, separate envelope with OPD 320.2 TS 15/18. (2) OPD Book, Jun 43-15 Nov 45, title: Estimated Status of Divs, separate envelope with OPD 320.2 TS, 15/18, This book contains a chart showing "genealogy" of U. S. Army divisions.
42 (1) Memo, OPD for Gp Chiefs, 17 Jun 44, sub: Cir 134, Sec VII, 8 Apr 44, OPD 400, 313. (2) OPD adm memo, Col K. W. Treacy for Gp Chiefs, 24 Mar 45, sub: WD Cir 134, etc., OPD 400, 313.
43 Summary Sheet, OPD for DCofS, 5 May 45, sub: Integration of Logistical Agencies, OPD 320 WD, 27. Colonel Esposito was the action officer in this case.
44 Tr Mvmts Sec adm memo, 16 Aug 43, sub: Orgn, Functions and Procedures, Paper 79, Book 11, Exec 9.
45 Memo, Exec OPD for Gp Chiefs, 28 Oct 43, sub: Procedure to be Followed in Activation of Units, Paper 59, Book 13, Exec 9. The actual directive was to be initiated and issued to the Army Air Forces, the Army Ground Forces, or the Army Service Forces by the "appropriate Theater Section."
46 (1) Memo, OPD for CofS, 7 Sep 44, sub: Redeployment of U. S. Army Forces Upon Defeat of Germany, OPD 370.9, 44/1. The memo is stamped "Approved" by DCofS, 11 September 1944. Tab A of this memorandum is a statement of "Policies and Procedures Governing the Redeployment of the Army upon the Cessation of Hostilities in Europe," containing the assignment of full responsibility for redeployment "coordination" to OPD. (2) Cf. min of Gen Council meetings, App. D, 11 Sep 44.
47 Memo, JEH [Maj Gen Hull] for Lt Gen Handy, 7 Sep H, no sub, OPD 370.9, H/1.
penned the notation, "I concur."
48 Memo, Lt Gen Handy for Chief Theater Gp, 26 Sep 44, sub: Redeployment of U. S. Armed Forces, OPD 321.19 OPD, 58.
49 Memo, OPD for DCofS, 26 Sep 44, sub: Redeployment of U. S. Army Forces, OPD 210.3, 357. This memorandum requested four additional commissioned officers for Troop Control, a request approved 27 September 1944.
50 Theater Gp adm memo, 29 Sep 44, sub: Orgn or Tr Contl Sec, OPD 321.19 OPD, 58.
51 The War Department Troop Deployment first appeared in February 1944, geared to the War Department Troop Basis for the calendar year 1944. See: (1) study, n.d., title: OPD-WDGS Deployment of Tr Basis with ltr, OPD, no addressee, 8 Feb 44, sub: OPD Deployment of 1944 Tr Basis, envelope with OPD 320.2 TS, 275; (2) cf. memo, Brig Gen C. A. Russell for Maj Gen Handy, 20 Feb 44, sub: OPD Deployment . . ., OPD 320.2 TS, 275; (3) see also other papers in OPD 320.2 TS, 275.
52 A complete set of Six Months Lists and Forecasts from the original, 12 January 1943, through the 27th Revision, 6 May 1945, is filed in Current Group Files, AG Rcds Br. For first Six Months List, d. memo, OPD for AGF, ASF, 12 Jan 43, sub: Orgn, Tng and Equip of Units for O'seas Serv, OPD 370.5 TS, 34.
53 A complete set of Redeployment Forecasts is filed in Current Group Files, AG Rcds Br. It consists of First Edition, Atlantic (20 February 1945) and Pacific (5 March 1945); Second Edition, Atlantic (15 May 1945) and Pacific (23 May 1945); and Third Edition, covering all areas (19 July 1945).
Return to the Table of Contents
Last updated 19 October 2004