Endnotes for Chapter VI
1 The term "services" is used in this chapter to cover the major tasks performed by the ASF not directly a part of supply operations. In order to clarify the discussion of organizational relationships treated in later chapters, a description of the nature of these tasks and. in some cases a discussion of the organizational problems they created is considered desirable.
2 The following account is based mainly on data furnished by the Historical Division of the Army Medical Library, which is preparing a detailed history of the Army Medical Department in World War II. For a fuller discussion of some of the points mentioned here, see "Developments in Military Medicine during the Administration of Surgeon General Norman T Kirk," Bulletin of the U.S. Army Medical Department, VII (Jun 47), 520-62, (Jul 47), 594-646. The death and disease rates given are those most recently established by the Medical Statistics Division of the Surgeon General's office.
3 Somervell's refusal to interfere with professional Army policy on the cure of syphilis, in spite of his interest in the "five-day treatment," is a good example of his attitude. See Ltr, Dr. H. T Hyman to Somervell, 22 Mar 43; Memo, Acting SG to CG ASF, 25 Mar 43, sub: Short Intensive Treatment for Syphilis; Ltr, Somervell to Hyman, 29 Mar 43. All in Hq ASF, SG, 1943
4 During the observance of the centennial of the telegraph on 24 May 1944, the Signal Center in Washington sent a message around the world, through five different relay centers, in three-and-one-half minutes. Annual Rpt of ASF, 1944, p. 188.
5 Annual Rpt of ASF, 1945, pp. 131-32.
6 Memo, Brig Gen Robert H. Dunlop to Somervell, 27 Jan 44, sub: Overseas Secret Rad Tel, Hq ASF, SigC, 1942-44.
7 Ltr, Somervell to Maj Gen James A. Code, Jr., 3 Mar 44, Hq ASF, SigC, 1942-44.
8 CD Rpt 47, Report of Training Film Program, 1943, CD, ASE
10 See below, p. 303.
11 Memo, Somervell for Maj Gen Harry C. Ingles, 25 Aug 43, Hq ASF, SigC, 1942-44.
12 Annual Rpt of ASF, 1943, pp. 187-88; 1944, pp. 183-84; 1945, pp. 293-96; CD, ASF, Statistical Review, World War 11, p. 13.
13 Annual Report of the Services of Supply, 1942 (Washington, U.S. Government Printing Office 1943), p. 61; CD, ASF, Statistical Review, World War II, p. 11.
14 Annual Rpt of ASF, 1943, p. 181; CD, ASF, Statistical Review, World War II, p. 11.
15 Annual Rpt of ASF, 1945, p. 297.
16 A more detailed history of construction during the war in the zone of interior will appear in Jesse A. Remington, Blanche D. Coll, and Lenure Fine, ZI Construction, II, one of the Engineer volumes in preparation for the series UNITED STATES ARMY IN WORLD WAR II.
17 Annual Rpt of ASF, 1944, pp. 201-02.
18 Annual Rpt of ASF, 1943, p. 136; WD Pam 12-8, The Evaluation, Classification, and Assignment of Military Personnel, 28 Jul 44.
19 Copy Ltr, to San Antonio Offs Procurement Div, 3 Sep 42, Hq ASF, Pers Military, 1942-44.
20 Kansas City Star, May 4, 1942.
21 Stimson and Bundy, On Active Service in Peace and War, p. 350.
22 Ibid., pp. 456-57. See also EO 9078, 26 Feb 42; Memo, C. F Robinson for Somervell, 25 Sep 42, sub: Army Specialist Corps. Both in Hq ASF, Army Specialist Corps, 1941-42.
23 WD Cir 367, 7 Nov 42.
24 Annual Rpt of ASF, 1943, p. 139.
25 Annual Report of the Secretary of War to the President, 1944 (Washington, U.S. Government Printing Office, 1944).
26 A detailed study of the WAC will appear in Mattie Treadwell, the Women's Army Corps, a volume in preparation for the series UNITED STATES ARMY IN WORLD WAR II.
27 Memo, C. F Robinson to CG AST, 3 Jul 43, sub: Army Specialized Tng Program; Transcript-tel conversation, Maj Gen Ray E. Porter and Brig Gen O. L. Nelson, Jr., 18 Feb 44. Both in Hq ASF, Army Specialized Trig Div. Annual Rpt of ASF, 1943. See also Robert R. Palmer, Bell I. Wiley, and William R. Keast, The Army Ground Forces: The Procurement and Training of Ground Combat Troops, II, UNITED STATES ARMY IN WORLD WAR II (Washington, U.S. Government Printing Office, 1948).
28 WD Cir 161, 14 Jul 43.
29 The total for 1943 of 821,366 is shown in Strength of the Army, prepared for WDGS by Machine Recs Br, AGO, under direction of Stat Br, GS, STM-30, 1 Jul 46, DRB AGO.
30 Memo, Morale Svs Div, ASF for CofS, 23 Dec 43, sub: Rpt B-81, What the Front-line Infantryman Thinks, Hq ASF, Morale Svs, 1941-44.
31 Annual Rpt of ASF, 1944, p. 204.
32 Annual Rpt of ASF, 1945, p. 107.
33 Annual Rpt of ASF, 1944, p. 203.
34 Ltr, Brig Gen Frederick H. Osborn to Somervell, 15 Jun 42, Hq ASF, Morale Svs, 1941-44.
35 There is a collection of interesting letters, mostly by soldiers, in a small file in Hq ASF, Personal Affairs Division, 1944.
36 Plan of Org for Women's Volunteer Com, probably Apr-May 44, Hq ASF, Personal Affairs Div, 1944.
37 AR 10-15, 13 Jul 42.
38 Memo, CG ASF, 29 Jun 45, sub: Delegation of Pers Functions to Military Pers Div, WD GAP 320, MPD.
39 Annual Rpt of ASF, 1945, p. 273.
40 Annual Rpt of ASF, 1945, p. 275; CD, ASF, Statistical Review, World War II, p. 159.
41 WD PW Cir 5, 18 Jan 44, DRB AGO, RG 209, Governing PW's Misc; Memo, USW for SW, 26 Sep 44, sub: Importation of Additional PW's, DRB AGO, RG 104, USW 383.6 (9-26-44) (1).
42 CD, ASF, Statistical Review, World War II, pp. 154-55.
43 Annual Rpt of ASF, 1945, p. 265.
44 Memo, Maj Gen George Grunert to Somervell, 12 Apr 43, sub: Resume of Military Justice, Hq ASF, JAG, 1942-44.
45 CD, ASF, Statistical Review, World War II, p. 156.
46 Annual Rpt of ASF, 1945, pp. 265-70.
47 Ibid., pp. 259-60.
48 Ibid., p. 263; Memo, Somervell to SW, 18 Jul 42, sub: Currency for Use in Invaded Countries, Hq ASF, Currency.
49 Memo, Maj Gen Arthur H. Carter to Somervell, 29 Jan 44, Hq ASF, Fiscal, 1942-44; Annual Rpt of ASF, 1945, p. 261.
50 Memo, Somervell to CofS, 3 Jul 43, sub: Proposed Revision of National Service Life Insurance Program, Hq ASF, Fiscal 1942-44.
51 Memo, Carter to Somervell, 23 Dec 43, sub: Proposed Revision of National Service Life Insurance Program; Ltr, Somervell to Brig Gen Frank T Hines, 6 Feb 44 (ltr not sent-G-1 did not concur); Memo, Somervell to Marshall, 9 Feb 44; Ltr, Gen F. T Hines to SW, 12 May 44. All in Hq ASF, Fiscal, 1942-44.
52 Memo, Somervell to file, 16 May 44, Hq ASF, Fiscal, 1942-44.
53 Annual Rpt of ASF, 1945, p. 281; CD, ASF, Statistical Review, World War II, p. 151.
54 Annual Rpt of ASF, 1945, pp. 285-88.
55 CD, ASF, Statistical Review, World War II, pp. 219, 221, 223.
56 This controversy and its solution is discussed in Palmer, Wiley, and Keast, The Procurement and Training of Ground Combat Troops, pp. 504-07.
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