Endnotes for Chapter III

1 Troyer Anderson, Munitions for the Army, A Five Year Report on the Procurement of Munitions by the War Department under the Direction of the Under Secretary of War, 9 Apr 46, OCMH, pp. 20-22.

2 These figures have been taken from Logistic in World War II, Final Report of the Army Semite Form, A Report to the Under Secretary of War and the Chief of Staff by the Director of the Service, Supply, and Procurement Division of the War Deportment General Staff, 1947 (Washington, U.S. Government Priming Office, 1948), Chart 2, pp. I6-I6. (Hero after cited as Logistics in World War 11.) See also Procurement section of the Volume Statistics, now in preparation for the series UNITED STATES ARMY IN WORLD WAR II,

3 Ibid., pp. 25 - 27

4 Hearings before a Spend Committee Investigating the National Defense Program, Senate, 77th Cong, 1st Sess, 25 Apr 41, Pt. 1, P.346

5 T.B. Worsley, Wartime Economic Stabilization and the efficiency of Government Procurement (Washington National Security Resources Board, 1949), Chs. XVII, XIX-XXIII.

6 Annual Report of the Army Service Forces 1944 (Washington, U.S. Government Printing Office, 1945), p. 119. (Hereafter tired as Annual Rpt of  ASF, 1944.)

7 CD, ASF, Statistical Review, World War II (Washington, U.S. Government Printing Office, 1946), pp. 23, 75.

8 Ibid., pp. 35, 37.

9 Annual Report of the Army Service Forces, 1945 (Washington, U.S. Government Printing Office, 1946), pp. 13, 20. (Hereafter tired as Annual apt of ASF, 1945.)

10 Annual Rpt of ASP, 1945, p. 21.

11 logistic in World War II, pp. 158-59.

12 Greenfield, Palmer, and Wiley, The Organization of Ground Combat Troops, pp. 207, 214, 412.

13 Annual Apt of ASF, 1945, pp. 205-07.

14 Annual Rpt of ASF 1945, pp. 179-50. See also Richard M. Leighton and Robert W. Coakley, Logistics of Global Warfare, 1941-1943, a volume in preparation for the series UNITED STATES ARMY IN WORLD WAR II.

15 Annual Rpt of ASF 1945, pp. 179-80.

16 Annual Report of the Army Service Forces, l943 (Washington, U.S. Government Printing Office, 1944), p. 97. (Hereafter cited as Annual Rpt a ASF 1943.)

17 Proceedings of the Academy of Political Science, January 1943, p. 61.

18 These figures are based on the Lend-Lease section of the volume, Statistics, now in preparation for the series UNITED STATES ARMY IN WORLD WAR II.

19 Message from the President  of the United States Transmitting a Report on the First Year of Lend-Lease Operations (March 11, 1942) ( Washington, U. S. Government Printing Office, 1942), pp. 36-38.

20 Intn Div, ASR Lend-Lease as of September 30, 1945, MS, OCMH, I, 147-66; Robert E. Sherwood, Roosevelt and Hopkins:  An Intimate History (New York, Harper & Brothers, 1948), pp. 470-73.

21 Memo, Somervell for Clay, 27 Jul 42, Hq ASF; LL File; Memo, Somervell for Burns, 15 Aug 42, sub: Relationship of WD to MAB and CPRB, Hq ASF, MAB File; Min #766, 64th Mtg, MAC (G), 7 Dec, 42.

22 Memo, Somervell for Burns, 5 Jul 43, sub: Munitions Assignment; Procedure, Hq ASF, MAB File; MBW 67/8, 18 Nov 43, sub: Retransfer of Munitions under the Lend-Lease Act; Sherwood, Roosevelt and Hopkins, p. 473.

23 See papers relative to this in G-4 File 400.3295, Feb-Mar 44,

24 Ltrs, Somervell to Lt Gen George N. Macready, 31 Aug 44, and Macready to Somervell, 2 Sep 44, Into Div, ASF, Lend-Lease, Documentary Supplement, OCMH, Vol. VIII.

25 Memo, Maj Gen Thomas T Handy, OPD for ASW, 26 Feb 44, sub: Lend-Lease, OPD 400.3295, Sec. 3, Case 47; Min, MAC(G) & MAB, passim.

26 Into Div, ASF, Lend-Lease as of September 30, 1945, MS, OCMH, I, 243

27 Ibid, II, 1001-97; T H. Vail Motter, The Persian Corridor and Aid to Russia, UNITED STATES ARMY IN WORLD WAR II (Washington, U.S. Government Printing Office 1952).

28 Memo, Marshall for Gene Arnold, Somervell, McNarney, Handy, and Raymond G. Moos, 17 Jul 43, w/incl memo from Giraud, Into Div, ASF, File.475, Equip of Troops, France, Vol. II.

29 Marcel Vigneras, The Rearmament of the French Force in World War II, a monograph in preparation for the series UNITED STATES ARMY IN WORLD WAR II.

30 Cable C-520, CINC SWPA to AGWAR, 18 Sep 42, CM-IN-8399 (9-19-42), Into Div Cables, Aus LL Procedure; Memo, Hq SOS for Chiefs Svs, 25 Sep 42, sub: Shipmt of LL Goods to Australia, SPLLA 020 Shipping. ID.008. Shipmts, Vol. I.

31 Ltr, Aurand to Chm British Supply Council, 12 Jun 47, ID 319.1, Rpts-Storage, Vol. I; Min #462, 34tb Mtg MAC(G), 15 Jun 42.

32 WD Cir 59, 2 Mar 47.

33 The term "logistics" was used widely during the and earlier by the Navy and in the high command, i. e. in the WDGS and in the joint and combined committees. It appears somewhat less frequently in the records of the ASR "Logistics" seems to have been a useful and meaningful word when used to refer, in general terms, to the various material and quantitative limitations considered in strategic planning. But whenever it bas become necessary to define in detail the specific farm. covered by the term, disagreement has usually arisen. The official wartime dictionaries of the Army defined logistics in terms mainly of supply and transport, and field service regulations did not even recognize the term until after the war. Agencies concerned with supply, services and transport often tended to identify logistics wish then own range of activities e. g., the Joint Logistics Committee, created in 1943, and the Logistics Division of the postwar War Department General Staff (at first named the Supply, Service, and Procurement Division). General Somervell in 1942 created on his own staff a Strategic Logistics Division which made long-range studies showing the impact of almost any find of physical limitation upon strategy and operations rations. By the end of the war Somervell's stall had become accustomed to think of logistics as embracing virtually all the activities of the ASE The official report of the ASF, Logistics in World War II (p. vii), as asserted that the term referred to all activities not included in "strategy" and "tactic"; it is clear that the authors of the publication had iv mind all those material for which impose limitations upon strategy and tactics e. g., procurement, storage, distribution of material; transport, construction, maintenance, communications, medical care, personnel administration and services. "Logistics"-both me word and me thing itself-is obviously in a process of evolution order the influence of changing developments in the techniques, instruments, and organization of war. In recent U.S. Army and Joint Army-Navy-Air Forces official usage, as defined by the latest dictionaries, it is significant that the term is now give en essentially the acing contained in the ASP report mentioned above, i. e., as covering all military activities not included in strategy and tactic. In the present discussion, the term "supply" used to refer to a m restricted field the procurement, storage, distribution, maintenance and transportation of Military Materiel. "Logistics;" whey it is used, may be assumed to have substantially the same meaning.

34 See below, Ch. VII.

35 See below, Chs. XIII-XIX.

36 In a letter to Senator Claude Pepper in December 1942, Somervell expounded at some length m the interrelationship between procurement end military operations. Lot, Somervell to Pepper, 5 Dec 42, CG A6F files. This letter is discussed at length on pp. 765-86.

37 Logistics in World War II, pp. 32-34.

38 Annual Rpt of ASF, 1944, p. 99.

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