Endnotes for Chapter II
1 Greenfield, Palmer, and Wiley, The Organization of Ground Combat Troops, p. 153.
2 Craven ad Cate, AAFI, p. 17.
3 Ibid., p. 115. On the Air Forces' drive for autonomy, see also Mark S. Watson, Chieff of Staff: Prewar Plans and Preparations , UNITED STATES ARMY IN WORLD WAR II (Washington, U.S. Government Printing Office, 1950), Ch. IX.
4 Ltr, TAG to CG's of Corps Areas, Arm and Depts, Chieff SAS and CO's exempted stas, 26 Jul 40, sub: GHQ AG 320.2 (7-25-42) M (Ret) M-OCS.
5 Lm, TAG to Cots GHQ 3 Jul 41, sub: Enlargement of the Functions of GHQ, AG 320.2 (6-14-t1) MC-E-W
6 Memo, Cola GHQ for Cofs, 25 Jul 47, sub: Defense Comds, WPD 4558, Tab 1.
7 Memo, McNair for Gen William Bryden, 71 Out 41, sub: Functions, Responsibilities and Authority of GHQ end accompanying memos 15 Aug 41, 2 Sep 41, filed together in WPD 4558 under Tab 12; Greenfield, Palmer end Wiley, The Organization of Ground Combat Troops, p. 148.
8 Memo for CofS, sub: Org of the Army High Comd WPD 4618.
9 Col Frederick S. Hayden, War Department Reorganization. August 194l-March 1942, MS,OCMH. This monograph discuses the reorganization exhaustively from the point of view of the Chief of Stag, but without examining in detail the problem of supply organization. See also Cline, Washington Command Post, pp. 70-74, 90-93.
10 Memo, Spaatz for ACo15 WPD, 24 Cot 41, sub: Functions, Responsibilities, and Authority of GHQ, WPD 4558,Tab 11.
11 Hayden MS, cited in n. 9.
12 Memo, Arnold for CofS, atchd to chart dated 14 Nov 41, sub: Reorg of the WD, WPD 4614.
13 Memo, Co15 for ACo1S WPD, 75 Nov 41, WPD 4614.
14 O. L. Nelson, National Security and the General Staff, p. 225.
15 Hayden MS, cited in n. 9.
16 Mr. Patterson had had a distinguished career. His record as an officer in World War 7 had been exceptional. Iv the 1970's he had been a successful lawyer in New York City, and in 1930 President Herbert Hoover had appointed him a judge of the United States District Court. Nine years later, president Roosevelt promoted him to the Circuit Court of Ap peals. During this period he had kept alive his interest in the Army as a Reserve offices.
17 Intern, Anderson with Patterson, 22 Sep Anderson, Introduction to the History of the Under Secretary of War. Office, MB, OCMH, Ch. VI.
18 Booz Apt; Goldthwaite H. Dorr Memorandum Notes on the Activities of In Informal Group in Connection with Supply Reorganization in the War Department, January-May 1942, prepared about 1 March 7946, filed in OCMH. (Here after cited as Dorr Memorandum Notes.)
19 Corresp, 26 Jun 41-9 Mar 42, 3 10 Business Methods, OUSW, AG Recs.
20 Booz Rpt.
21 Interv, Anderson with Col James H. Graham, probably 1945,OCMH.
22 Memo, 24 Jan 42, sub: WD Sup System-Pro, luminary Memo, DAD Misc Corresp; Memo, Somervell for OUBW, 70 Jan 47, Hq ASF, OUSW (1) 194142 (I); Memo, Somervell for OUSW, 3 Feb 42, Hq ASF, OUSW (1) 1941-42 (1).
23 Mr. Door was personal friend of Secretary Slims, and had known General Somervell for at least eight years. In 1906 he had joined Mr. Stimon's staff when the latter was United States Attorney for the Southern District, New York. During World War I he was Assistant Director of Munitions under Benedict Crowell, and had become familiar with the procurement operations of that period. At the end of the war, Mr. Dorr returned to a legal Practice in New York City where he was a ember of the firm of Hives, Rearick, Dart, and Hammond.
24 In an interview with Troyer Anderson, his historian, Patterson said he had no recollection of talking to General Somervell about the Dorr study. It's probable slut General Somervell told Patterson that he was planning to study supply and Patterson approved in a general way. But while Patterson may have approved o theory, it is doubtful that he approved or even knew about the specific lines along which the survey developed.
25 This account a based on the
personal memorandum of Mr. Dorr, cited in n.18. This memorandum was written by
Mr. Doer after the end of the war. A copy was provided the author, who served on
the star of the informal group, by Mr. Dour from his own personals files.
26 On 1 December 1941 the War Plans Division had asked each of the General Stag divisions to comment on the proposed War Department and Army reorganization; this memorandum spoke of a "Commending General, Service Command." O. L. Nelson, National Security and The General Staff pp. 942-45. General Somervell has stated to the author that he has no recollection of this memorandum. General Harrison remembers discussing this proposal with Somervell and with his branch chief, shortly after Somervell became G-4. Lo, W. K. Harrison to Col Thomas J. Bands, OCMH, 7 Jul 50. In any event, before February 1942 there was no attempt to correlate the projected G-4 reorganization with the larger War Department reorganization plan.
27 Interv, Maj Gen James H. Burns, art, with Jonathan Grossman, 9 Feb 50; Informal memo, Aurand for Moore, 24 Nov 41, sub: Necessary for Immediate Action on Certain Projects, DAD Misc Corresp LL. Interestingly enough, a copy of a preliminary memorandum by Mr. Dart a filed with the correspondence of Colonel Aurand's, office.
28 Door, Memorandum Notes, pp. 6-7.
29 Interv, cites in n. 21
30 Dorr, Memorandum Notes, pp. 7-9
31 Ibid., pp. 11-12
32 Ibid., pp. 10-12
33 Ibid., pp. 12-13
34 General McNarney's reorganization recommendations are reproduced in O. L. Nelson, National Security and the general Staff p. 349
35 Ltr, W. K. Harrison to Sands, cited in n. 26.
36 Dorr, Memorandum Notes, pp. 14 -15
37 Ibid., pp. I5-I6.
38 Ibid., pp. I6-18.
39 Ibid., pp. 19-20
40 Notes on Conf and other Info, Feb 42, Binder 32.
41 Dorr, Memorandum Notes, pp.14-15
42 Ibid., pp. 71-22.
43 Ibid., P. 22.
44 Ibid., pp. 23-27.
45 Memo, Dir Bureau of the Budget, 25 Feb 42, quoted in O. L. Nelson, National Security and the General Staff p.351.
46 Intervs, Anderson with Patterson, Col Gerson, K. Heiss, Miles Knowles, H. C. Petersen, and Brig Gen Edward Greenbaum, 1944-45; Interv, Burns with Grossman, 9 Feb 50. Summaries of all intervs are in OCMH files.
47 Upon General Somervell's recommendation the Under Secretary accepted Brig. Gen. Lucius D. Clay for this latter position.
48 Memo, US W for SW, 77 Dec. 41; Memo, Patterson for Somervell, 27 Nov. 41. Both in OUSW file, personal Folders, Go. Somervell.
49 Memo, Somervell for US W, 31 Dec 41, Somervell Files, Hq ASF, USW (1) 1941-42 (1).
50 Memo, Somervell for Usw, 1 Jan 42, Somervell File, Hq A6F, U6W (1) 1941-42 (1).
51 Dorr, Memorandum Notes, pp. 26-27. Somervell had indirectly learned early in February that he was General Marshall's choice for the job. In Somervell's mind there was never any doubt that the crucial factor is his appointment was General Marshall's own derision. He always assumed not only that the new supply command was General Marshall's own creation, but also that whoever headed it was General Marshall', man. It was primarily the Chief of Staff, be believed, who had to be satisfied with the performance of the Services of Supply.
52 EO 9028, 29 Feb 42.
53 Memo, US W for Staff, 10 Mar 47, OU6W, misc under sub, SOS Cirs sad Memos.
54 As already noted, the designation Army Service, Farces did not come into official the unfit March 1943. General McNaroey's papers generally spoke of "Service Command" The old AEP term Service of Supply began to appear in General Somervell's papers about 16 February 1942 and was used in the executive order of 28 February and is War Department Circular 59, 7 March 1942.
55 O. L. Nelson, National Security and the General Staff p. 335.
56 WD press release, BPR, "Reorganization of the War Department," 2 Mar 42.
60 WD Cir 59, 2 Mar 42, Sec. 7e.
61 Ibid., Sec. 2e.
62 Ibid., Sec. 7e.
63 Ibid., Sec. 7d.
64 Ibid., Sec. 7b
65 Hearing before the Committee on Military A Affairs, Senate. 77th Cong, 2d Sess, on Department of Defense Coordination and Control Bill, 6 Mar 42, pp. 6-7.
66 WD Cir 59, 2 Mar 42, Sec. 7a; Dorr, Memorandum Notes, pp. 24 -75.
67 Hearing before the Committee on Military Affairs, Senate, 77th Cong, 2d Sess, on Department of Defense. Co-ordination and Control Bill, 6 Mar 42, p. 5.
Return to the Table of Contents