Endnotes for Chapter XIII

1 Annual Report of the Services of Supply, 1942, pp. 1-2; Annual Rpt of ASF, 1943, p. 193.

2 CD, ASF, Statistical Review, World War 11, p. 2.

3 Civilian Production Administration, Industrial Mobilization for War: History of the War Production Board and Predecessor Agencies 1940-1945 I (Washington, U.S. Government Printing Office, 1947), p. 170. This volume is the official, published history of the WPB. (Hereafter cited as Industrial Mobilization for War.)

4 See Bernard M. Baruch, American Industry in the War (New York, Prentice-Hall, Inc., 1941), principally a reprint of the 1921 report of the War Industries Board; America's Munitions (Washington, U.S. Government Printing Office, 1919), a report of Benedict Crowell, the Assistant Secretary of War and Director of Munitions.

5 41 Statute 764, Sec. 5a. Italics are the author's.

6 Industrial Mobilization Plan, Revision of 1939, approved jointly by the acting Secretaries of the War and Navy Departments, Senate Doc. 134, 76th Cong, 2d Sess.

7 Ibid., p. 4. Italics are the author's.

8 Ibid., p. 13.

9 Ibid., pp. 6-7.

10 Industrial Mobilization for War, pp. 17-197 passim.

11 Ibid., pp. 61, 64-67.

12 Ibid., pp. 117-18.

13 Ibid., p. 119.

14 Aid.

15 Donald M. Nelson, Arsenal of Democracy (New Yotk, Harcourt, Brace and Company, 1946), p. 103.

16 EO 8875, 28 Aug 41.

17 EO 8629, 7 Jan 41.

18 EO 9024, 16 Jan 42.

19 D. M. Nelson, Arsenal of Democracy, p. 198.

20 Ibid., pp. 198-200.

21 See above, p. 36.

22 D. M. Nelson, Arsenal of Democracy, p. 376.

23 Dorr, Memorandum Notes, p. 64.

24 Memo, Chm WPB and USW to offs and employees of SOS and Mat6riel Comd, AAF WD, and WPB, 12 Mar 42, sub: Relationships Between the WPB and the WD, Hq ASF, WPB (3) 1942. (Reproduced in Appendix D.)

25 D. M. Nelson, Arsenal of Democracy, p. 370.

26 See below, p. 339.

27 Industrial Mobilization for War, p. 215.

28 D. M. Nelson, Arsenal of Democracy, p. 358.

29 Industrial Mobilization for War, p. 216.

30 Wartime Production Achievements and the Reconversion Outlook: Report of the Chairman, War Production Board, October 9,1945 (Washington, U.S. Government Printing Office, 1945), p. 1.

31 Somervell to D. M. Nelson, 15 May 42, Hq ASF, WPB.

32 A copy of the report may be found in the files of the Control Division, ASE

33 Ibid., pp. 29ff.

34 In spite of the fact that the American representative on the. board, Mr. William L. Batt, was a high official of WPB, others in the War Production Board feared that the combined agency might duplicate their own work. In May 1942 General Somervell and his advisers made the mistake of believing that this Combined Raw Materials Board might become an important international agency. They did not foresee that the board would play only a minor role throughout the war. See Industrial Mobilization for War, pp. 222-24, 628-29. Cf. S. McKee Rosen, The Combined Boards of the Second World War (New York, Columbia University Press, 1951), pp. 1-70.

35 joint Declaration, Churchill-Roosevelt, 26 Jan 42, ABC 334.8 MAB (1-31-42) Sec. 1.

36 According to Mr. Dorr, when Somervell's letter transmitting the "black book" reached Mr. Nelson's office, it was not routed to the people who had been informed of its contents, but went instead to other individuals who were already alarmed by what they regarded as ASF encroachment upon the WPB. See Dorr, Memorandum Notes, p. 74.

37 Ltr, D. M. Nelson to Somervell, 21 May 42, Hq ASF, WPB.

38 Min, 5th Mtg, CCS, 17 Feb 42, Item 3.

39 Memo, Roosevelt to D. M. Nelson, 1 May 42, included in Memo, Roosevelt to JCS, 1 May 42, sub: Recommendations . . . for Priority of Production of War Munitions, CCS 400.17 (2-20-42) Sec. 1.

40 D. M. Nelson, Arsenal of Democracy, p. 359.

41 See Cincinnati Field Survey, Apr 42; New York Field Survey, Contl Br, SOS, May 42 (mimeographed), CD, ASR

42 SOS Cir 67, 22 Sep 42, w/2 incls. Same corresp distributed within WPB as Field Sv Co-ordinating Bull 105, 21 Sep 42, w/Ltr, Somervell to D. M. Nelson, 17 Sep 42.

43 SOS Cir 88, 25 Nov 42, officially announced that WPB regional offices would be "solely responsible for all future general facility surveys," and directed procurement districts to co-operate with regional offices and to make "the fullest use of this new service." The WPB developed a standard "Plant Facilities Record" for the joint use of the armed services and WPB. (Form WPB-1546,12 Nov 42.)

44 Certainly the WPB had great difficulty in deciding just what its field offices were to do and how their functions were to fit in with Washington operations. See Caroll K. Shaw, Field Organization and Administration of the War Production Board and Predecessor Agencies (mimeographed), Spec Study 25, WPB hist rpt on war adm, released by the Civilian Production Adm.

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