1 Interv, author with Jones, 25 Oct 49, OCMH; Jones, Diary, p. 10; ltr, Parker to Ward, 16 Jan 52, OCMH; USAFFE-USFIP Rpt of Opns, p. 33.
2 Opns Orders, USAFFE to CG 51st Div, 24 Dec 41, AG 381, Phil Rcds.
3 Quoted in Diary of Lt Col Arthur L. Shreve, Arty Officer, SLF, p. 10, copy lent to author and on file in OCMH; interv, Stanley Falk, research asst to author, with Jones, 15 Dec 49. General R. J. Marshall, in a letter to the author, states that the "final evacuation of the headquarters in Manila and cessation of transfer of supplies was governed by the length of time that the South Luzon Force was able to delay the approach of the Japanese." Ltr, Marshall to author, 31 Oct 49, OCMH.
4 The 155-mm. GPF batteries had two guns in each battery. The GPF (Grande Puissance Filloux) 155-mm. gun is a weapon designed by a French officer, Col. L. J. F. Filloux, before the first World War and furnished to the American troops in France.
5 Interv, author with Jones, 25 Oct 49, OCMH; Jones, Diary, p. 11.
6 In addition to the sources cited below, the account of the withdrawal from south Luzon is based upon: Jones, Diary, pp. 11-16; MacDonald, Supplement to Jones Diary, pp. 11-13; Shreve, Diary, pp. 9-18; Maj Alfredo M. Santos, CO 1st Inf, The 1st Regular Div (PA) in Battle of Phil (paper prepared for School of Logistics, Command and General Staff College, 7 Jun 47), pp. 32-34; ltr, Col Boatwright to Groce, research asst to author, 25 Mar 49, OCMH; intervs, author and Falk with Jones, 25 Oct 49, 15 Dec 49, 15 Mar 50, 5 Apr 50, and on other occasions; 14th Army Opns, I, 54-55, 69-70; II, 12; 16th Div Opns, 24 Dec 41-3 Jan 42, ATIS Enemy Pub 355, pp. 4-9.
7 One possible explanation for the confusion was the fact that the 1st Infantry had been ordered to north Luzon on the night of 23-24 December by USAFFE, and then later, before it could move, the order had been rescinded.
8 The general recommended decorations for all participants. Miller, Bataan Uncensored, p. 122; Prov Tank Gp Rpt of Opns, p. 13.
9 Miller, Bataan Uncensored, pp. 117-21; Weaver, Comments on Draft MS, Comment 21, OCMH.
10 MacDonald, Supplement to Jones Diary, p. 11.
11 Major Santos asserts that he was ordered to proceed without delay to Bataan and that he did so. Other evidence indicates that the regiment was not ordered to Bataan immediately, but to Los Banos. Santos, 1st Reg Div (PA), p. 34.
12 Jones states in his diary, pages 11-12, that the 155-mm. GPF's were in support here, but these guns were actually to the west, according to Colonel Shreve. Shreve, Diary, pp. 9-13, OCMH.
13 Shreve, Diary, p. 15.
15 QM Rpt of Opns, p. 22. Shreve's original orders had been to destroy the guns, but he was determined to get them out "by hook or crook." Shreve, Diary, p. 9.
16 Capt William Cummings, 53d Infantry (PA), pp. 3-4, Chunn Notebooks.
17 The 1st Brigade (PC) consisted of the 1st and 2d Philippine Constabulary Regiments.
18 Ltr, Gen R. J. Marshall to author, 31 Oct 49, OCMH.
19 USAFFE-USFIP Rpt of Opns, p. 37.
20 MacDonald, Supplement to Jones Diary, pp. 13-14; Hunt, MacArthur and the War Against Japan, pp. 44-45.
21 The Army Transport Service was prepared to ferry the South Luzon Force headquarters from Manila or Cavite if the situation demanded, but South Luzon Force headquarters was never informed of this possibility. QM Rpt of Opns, p. 23; interv, author with Jones, 5 Apr 50.
22 MacDonald, Supplement to Jones Diary, p. 14.
23 Shreve, Diary, p. 17.
24 Rad, Mac Arthur to TAG, 31 Dec 41, AG 381 (11-27-41) Far East; Prov Tank Gp Rpt of Opns, p. 14; ltr, Maj John Curtiss, Jr., To Whom It May Concern, 5 Jun 45, written in Manchukuo while Curtiss was a prisoner of war. A copy of this letter was obtained from General Jones.
25 Jones, Diary, pp. 17-18.
26 Morioka reported Japanese casualties from 24 December through 1 January as 128 killed and 260 wounded in action. 16th Div Opns, 24 Dec 41-3 Jan 42, ATIS Enemy Pub 355, p. 11.
27 Rad, MacArthur to Marshall, 1 Jan 42, AG 381 (11-27-41 Sec 1) Far East.
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