- 1 Mattie E. Treadwell, The Women's Army Corps, United States Army in World War II (Washington, DC: Government Printing Office [GPO], 1954),
p. 24. In addition to citations to specific information from this source, the general information in this chapter, unless noted otherwise, is also from this volume.
2 US Army Center of Military History, Highlights in the History of the Army Nurse Corps
(Washington, DC: GPO, 1981), pp. 13-19.
3 Treadwell, Women's Army Corps, p. 15.
5 Ibid. Members of the Women's Army Corps traditionally celebrate the founding of the WAAC on 14 May, the date Congress approved the bill, rather than on the date it was signed by the president.
6 Services of Supply (SOS) was renamed Army Service Forces (ASF) in March 1943. War Department General Order (WD GO) 14, 12 Mar 43, CMH Library.
7 The AGCT, given to all men and women who entered the Army, measured aptitudes and capabilities. The test determined an individual's relative intelligence level and measured the individual's skills in reading and vocabulary, arithmetic computation, arithmetic reasoning, and pattern analysis.
8 Treadwell, Women's Army Corps, pp. 191-217.
9 Ibid., pp. 220-21.
10 Ibid., p. 268.
11 No record of such an authorization had been found.
12 WAAC Circular (Cir) 17, 29 Dec 42, CMH Library.
13 Morris J. MacGregor, Jr., Integration of the Armed Forces, 1940-1965, Defense Studies Serie (Washington, DC: GPO, 1981), pp.17-18.
14 Treadwell, Women's Army Corps, Appendix A, Table 11, "Strength of Negro Personnel in the Women's Army Corps: 1943-1946"; Press Release, WAC Group, Bur of Public Relations, Washington, DC, Nov 45, author's file, CMH.
15 Strength percentages here and elsewhere in this chapter are from Strength of the Army Report (STM-30), 30 Jun 45
16 WACs in training, transit, patient, or student status made up the remaining 18 percent.
17 Treadwell, Women's Army Corps, p. 368.
18 Ibid., p. 85.
19 Ibid., p. 247.
20 Ibid., pp. 658, 699.
21 Ibid., Appendix A, Table 8, p. 774; TAGO, WAC Awards and Decorations, 30 Jun 47, dist. by WD Bur of Public Relations, ODWAC Ref File, Awards and Decorations, CMH.
22 Treadwell, Women's Army Corps, p. 726
23 "Talk of Cuts in Points," Stars and Stripes (Germany edition), 29 Aug 45, p. 1; "Enlistments in WAC Discontinued,"
Army-Navy Register, 1 Sep 45, p. 22.
24 Treadwell, Women's Army Corps, pp. 408, 460.
25 Ibid., p. 726.
26 John C. Sparrow, History of Personnel Demobilization in the US.
Army, DA Pam 20-210 (Washington, DC: 1954), pp. 350-52; Strength of the Army Report (STM-30), 30 Jun 46; WD Cir 187,
23 Jun 45, Sec IV, Joint Army-Navy Agreement, CMH Library.
27 Sparrow, History of Personnel Demobilization, pp. 350-52.
28 Ltr, LtCol Mera Galloway, WAC Dir, USAFPAC, to Col Boyce, 7 Jan 46, file 331.1, DWAC Staff Visits, Record Group (RG) 165, Modern Military Br, National Archives and Records Administration (NARA), Washington, DC.
29 Strength of the Army Report (STM-30), 31 Mar 47.
30 PL 709, 79th Cong, 1st sess, 9 Aug 1945; Treadwell, Women's Army
Corps, p. 623.
31 Memo, Reserve Policy Committee to DWAC, 9 Jun 45, with Incls, and Disposition Form (DF), Special Planning Division (SPD) to G-1, G-2, G-4, Operations and Plans Division (OPD), Executive for Reserve and ROTC Affairs, 29 Jun 45, sub: War Department Policy in Regard to Female Personnel in the Post War Organized Reserve Corps, file 326.2, Organized Reserve Corps, RG 165.
32 Rpt, WAC Staff Directors Conf, Fort Des Moines, Iowa, 18-19 Sep 45, p. 7, WAC History Collection, WAC Museum, Fort McClellan, AL. Collection hereafter cited as History Collection, WAC Museum.
33 Ibid., p. 36; Interv, LtCol Mary-Agnes Brown Groover with the author, 27 Apr 79.
34 Rpt, WAC Staff Directors Conf, 18-19 Sep 45, p. 68.
35 Ibid., p. 69.
36 Ibid., p. 79.
37 Treadwell, Women's Army Corps, p. 732.
38 Ibid., pp. 456-57.
39 Memo, DWAC to Chief of Staff (CofS), Army, 22 Mar 46, sub: Report of Visit to WAC Personnel in Overseas Theaters, file 333.1, Staff Visits, 1945, RG 165.
40 Rpt, WAC Staff Directors Conf, 11 Jul 46, p. 7, History Collection, WAC Museum.
41 ODWAC, Presentation of Four Plans for Inclusion of Women, Other than Those of the Medical Department, in the Post-War Military Establishment, Dec 45, History Collection, WAC Museum.
42 Memo, DWAC to Commanding Generals (CGs) of the major commands (Maj Coms), Chiefs of the General Staff Division, Chief of Legislative and Liaison Div, Special Staff, and Chief of ROTC and Reserve Affairs, 4 Dec 45, sub: Attached File Concerning Inclusion of Female Personnel, Other than Medical Department Personnel, in the Postwar Military Establishment, file 326.2, Classified Legislation, RG 165.
43 Memo, DWAC to G-1, 14 Dec 45, sub: Attached File Concerning Inclusion of Female Personnel in the Postwar Military Establishment, file 326.2, Classified Legislation, RG 165.
44 Memo, DWAC to G-1, 14 Jan 46, file 370.01, Demobilization Jan-Dec 1946, RG 165.
45 Memo, Asst Chief of Staff (ACofS), G-1, to Under SeeWar thru CofS, 15 Jan 46, sub: Future Utilization of Female Personnel in the Postwar Military Establishment, file 326.5, Organized Reserve Corps, RG 165.