Army Ground Forces, Study No. 1

NOTES

CHAPTER VII

1. (1) WD ltr AG 320.2 (7-25-40)M(Ret) M-OCS to CGe, etc., 26 Jul 40, sub: GHQ. 320.2/3/1. (2) WD ltr AG 320.2 (11-14-40) M-C-M to CGs, CofS GHQ, etc., 19 Nov 40, sub: Orgn, Tng and Adm. of the GHQ Air Force. 320.2/26 (AF Combat Comd).

2. (1) Ltr of Gen Arnold to CG GHQ Air Force, 15 Aug 40, sub: Air Corps Tng 1940-41 (Supplementary). 353/11. (2) Memo of Gen McNair for Col Lynd, 31 Aug 40, sub: Air Corps Tng, 1940-41. (3) Memo (C) of Col Lynd for Gen McNair, 1 Oct 40, sub: The GHQ AF. 322.082/1 (C).

3. AR 95-5, “Army Air Forces,” 20 Jun 41.

4. WD ltr AG 320.2 (6-19-41) MC-E-M to CofS GHQ, 3 Jul 41, sub: Enlargement of the Functions of GHQ. 320.2/3/34.

5. (1) Memo OCS 21157-1 of Lt Col Orlando Ward for ACofs G-3 WD, 20 Aug 40. G-3/43293, “Aviation: Misc from Sec, prior to Jan 8, 1942.” AGF Rgts, TL & VA Div. (2) Memo G-3/43293 of Lt Col McClelland for the Executive, 27 Aug 40, sub: Support of Grd Trs by Avn. AGF Rgts, TL & VA Div. (3) Memo G-3/43293 of Gen Andrews for CofS USA, 26 Sep 40, sub: Avn in Support of Grd Trs. Ibid. Most of the document cited in notes 5 to 13 may also be found in AGO Records 353 (9-16-40)(Avn in Support of Grd Trs).

6. Draft of GHQ ltr to CGs, 3 Jul 41, sub: Test of Obsn Sqs. With supporting documents. 353/59 (AAF).

7. See below, note 22.

8. (1) Memo of Gen McNair for ACofs G-3 WD, 24 Sep 40, sub: Avn in Support of Grd Trs. (2) Ltr of Gen Arnold to CG GHQ AF, 15 Aug 40, sub: Air Corps Tng 1940-41 (Supplementary). 353/11. (3) Memo of CofAC (over the signature of Gen Brett) for ACofS G-3 WD, 25 Oct 40, sub as above. (4) Memo of chief of Misc Branch GHQ for Chief of Tng Branch GHQ, 30 Sep 40, sub as above.     (5) WD memo WPD for G-3 WD, 5 Nov 40, sub as above. All these documents, except (2), are in G-3/43293, “Support of Grd Trs by Avn,” AGF Rgts, TL and VA Div.

9. “Consideration of Non-Concurrences” (dated 12 Nov) appended to memo cited in note 5 (3) above. Ibid.

10. D/S OCS 21157-1-A to ACofS G-3 WD, 15 Nov 40, for necessary action. Records, 353 (9-16-40)(Avn in Support of Grd Trs).

11. Personal ltr of Gen Arnold to Gen Emmons, 14 Nov 40. G-3/43293, “Support of Grd Tre by Avn,” AGF Rqts, TL and VA Div.

12. Informal memo of Lt Col Ramey GHQ for Lt Col Clark GHQ, 20 Nov 40, sub: Proposed Combined Tng Tests.         G-3/43293, “Aviation: Misc from Sec, prior to Jan 8, 1942,” AGF Rqts, TL and VA Div.

13. (1) Memo of Col Twaddle for TAG, 2 Dec 40, sub: Combined Tests to Develop Doctrine and Methods for Aviation Support of Grd Trs. (2) Memo of Col Howard for the ACofS G-3 WD, 12 Dec 40, sub as above, with penciled notations of Col Twaddle. For both see G-3/43293, “Support of Grd Trs by Avn,” AGF Rqts, TL and VA Div.

14. WD ltr (C) AG 353 (9-26-40) M-C to CofS GHQ, 17 Dec 40, sub: Combined Tests to Develop Doctrine and Methods for Avn in Support of Grd Trs. 353/27/1 (C).

15. (1) Rpts (C) of staff sec, 20-23 Dec 40 and GHQ 1st ind to CG Third Army, 26 Dec 40, on WD ltr AG 353 (9-26-40) M-C, sub as in note 14. 353/27/2 (C). (2) GHQ ltrs (C) to CofInf and CG GHQ AF, 26 Dec 40, sub as in note 14. 353/27/7 and /8.

16. Memo of Gen McNair for Gen Marshall, 16 Jan 41, sub: Specialized Tng. 353/136.

17. (1) Memo of Chief of Tng Branch WD for ACofS G-3 WD, 17 Jan 41, sub: Tests in Determining Methods and Doctrines for Avn in Support of Grd Trs. G-3/43293, “Support of Grd Trs by Avn,” AGF Rqts, TL and VA Div. (2) WD ltr AG 353 (1-17-41) M-C to CofS GHQ, 22 Jan 41, sub: Combined Tests. AGO Records.

18. This and the following two paragraphs are based largely on Gen Benedict’s “Report of Combined Exercises to Develop Doctrine and Methods for Aviation Support of Ground Troops” (C). 353/27/35 (separate file)(C). Gen. Brereton’s report is attached to Gen Benedict’s account as an appendix.

19. (1) Personal ltrs (C) of Gen Benedict to Gen McNair, 10 and 16 Apr 41. 353/27/36 (C). (2) Memo of Chief of Misc Branch WD for ACofS G-3 WD, 5 May 41, sub: Avn Support of Grd Trs. G-3/43293, “Support of Grd Trs by Avn,” AGF Rqts, TL and VA-Div.

20. (1) Memo (C) of Col Lynd for CofS GHQ, 11 Apr 41, sub: Airground Tests to Determine Tactics, Doctrine and Technique.          353/27/36 (C). (2) Ditto, 7 May 41; sub: Air-ground Tests. Ibid. (3) Ditto, 7 May 41, sub: Additional Notes on Visit to IV Army Corps, 6 May. 333.1/7 (Ft Benning).

21. Memo (C) of Col Lynd for CofS GHQ, 4 Aug 41, sub: Comments on IV Army Corps and 17th Wing Rpts on Air-Ground Tests. 353/27/29 (C). The basic reports are in 353/27/35 (C)(separate file).

22. WD ltr AG 320.2 (7-17-41) MR-M-AAF to CofAAF, 25 Jul 41, sub: Air Support Avn. With attached chart. AGO Records.

23. See note 21 above.

24. See note 4 above.

25. Personal ltrs (C) of Gen McNair to Gen Benedict, 5 and 26 Jul 41. 353/27/31 and /37 (C).

26. (1) Ltr of CofS GHQ to CG GHQ AF, 24 Mar 41, sub: Corps and Army Tng. 353/6 (AF Combat Comd). (2) GHQ AF 1st ind to GHQ on preceding, 3 Apr 41. Ibid. (3) Memo (C) of CG AFCC for CofAAF, 24 Jun 41, sub not given. 353/1 (AFCC)(C). (4) GHQ AF 2d ind to GHQ, 29 May 41, on ltr of CG First Army to GHQ, 15 May 41, sub: Corps and Army Tng. 353/55/7 (First Army). (5) GHQ AF 1st ind to GHQ, 12 Jun 41, on ltr of Gen McNair to CG GHQ AF, 5 Jun 41, sub: Air Participation in Corps and Army Tng.          353/12 (AF Combat Comd).

27. (1) Ltr of Gen Arnold to CofS USA, 19 Jun 41, sub: Air Corps Participation in Army Maneuvers, Sep through Nov. 353/54 (AAF). (2) WD ltr AG 353 (7-3-41) MO-C to CofS GHQ, 16 Jul 41, sub: Increased Participation of Air Force Units in 1941 Maneuvers. 353/28 (AF Combat Comd).

28. Ltr (C) OP-38-E-KB 7-16 (SC) A4-3/QA Confidential Serial 048838, Doc 32098 of Chief of Naval Opns to CofS GHQ, 17 Jul 41, sub: Dive Bomber Participation in Army Maneuvers. 353/1 (Dive Bombing)(C).

29. (1) Memo (C) of CofS GHQ for ACofS G-3 WD, 13 Aug 41, sub: Attack Airplanes for the Armd F. 452.1/3 (Airplanes)(C). (2) Memo No 4 of Air-Grd Tng and Test Bd, Ft Knox, Ky, 31 Aug 41, sub: Air Support (Bombardment). A tentative guide to Opns. 353/ 33 (AF Combat Comd).

30. “Aviation Supplement to Umpire Manual, GHQ, U.S. Army, Aug 21, 1941, Restricted.” With supporting documents. 353/19 (Tng Dirs).

31. (1) Memo (C) of Gen Clark, G-3 GHQ for Gen McNair, 9 Aug 41, sub: Tentative Guide for the Employment of Bombardment in Close and Direct Support of Grd Forces. With supporting documents. 353/27/38 (C). (2) A copy of Col Lynd’s draft, “Tentative Guide... ,” with supporting documents, is in G-3/43293, “Support of Grd Trs by Avn,” AGF Rqts, TL and VA Div. (3) “Tow Benedict and Brereton ... in June submitted a draft of this Training Circular. It was gone over by this Headquarters and submitted to the War Department with little or no change. It emerged in quite a different form …” One change was to increase the authority of the air support commander (par. 4 c (4)(b)). Ltr of Maj Gen R. C. Richardson to Gen McNair, 9 Sep 41 and Gen McNair’s reply, 11 Sep 41. McNair Correspondence.

32. (1) Ltr of Gen McNair to CGs, etc., 8 Sep 41, sub: Rpts on Employment of Aviation in Close Support of Grd Trs.      353/16 (Air-Grd). (2) WD ltr AG 062.11 FM (9-9-41) PC-C to CofS GHQ, 15 Sep 41, sub: Combined Tests to Develop Doctrine and Methods for Avn Support of Grd Forces. 461/179.

33. (1) Ltr of Gen McNair to CG Second Army, 11 Oct 41, sub: Comments on Second vs Third Army Maneuvers, 15-30 Sep 41, 353/466 (Second Army). (2) Ditto to CG Third Army, 10 Oct 41. 353/595 (Third Army). (3) Memo of Gen Arnold for CofS USA, 8 Oct 41, sub: Army Maneuvers. 354.2/1 (Rpts 1941).

34. Memo of Col Lynd for CofS GHQ, 18 Dec 41, sub: Bombs Dropped during Carolina  Maneuvers. 354.2/27 (First Army).

35. (1) GHQ ltr to CG First Army, 22 Dec 41, sub: Comments on First Army vs IV Army Corps Maneuvers, Nov 16-30, 1941. 354.2/26 (First Army). (2) GHQ ltr to CG IV Army Corps, 7 Jan 42, sub as above. 354.2/1 (IV Army Corps). (3) Memo of Capt Noland on Carolina Maneuvers, 12 Dec 41. 353/165 (AAF).

36. Memo (C) G-3/42989 of Col Chambers for CofS USA, 28 Oct 41, sub: Air Obsn. With supporting documents. 322.082/5 (Air Corps)(C).

37. (1) GHQ memo of Gen McNair for CofS USA, 21 Oct 41, sub: Rpt by CofFA. 354.2/2 (Rpts 1941). (2) WD ltr 320.2 (10-14-41) MO-AAF-M to CG’s, CofS SHQ, etc. 27 Oct 41, sub: Control of Obsn Units. 320.2/168 (AAF).

38. GHQ 2d and 3d inds on GHQ ltr to CofAF, 30 Sep 41, sub: Rpts on Employment of of Avn in Close Spt of Grd Trs. 353/16 (Air-Grd).

39. (1) WD ltr AG 320.2 (8-21-41) PC-C to CGs, CofS GHQ, CofAAF, etc., 7 Oct 41, sub: Type Orgn of Air Forces in a Theater of Opns. With attached chart. 320.2/158 (AAF). (2) AFCC ltr ACC 353 (10-31-41) Combined Tng to CofS GHQ, 15 Nov 41, sub: Rpt of Employment of Avn in Close Spt of Grd Forces. 353/18 (Air-Grd).

40. Memo of Gen Clark for Gen McNair, 4 Nov 41, sub: Employment of 5th Air Spt Comd with Armd F Elements. With supporting documents. 353/9 (Air-Grd).

41. (1) First Army ltr to CG FF, 8 Jan 42, sub: Rpts on Employment of Avn in Close Spt of Grd Trs. 353/26 (Air-Grd). (2) Ditto, from Second Army, 23 Dec 41, sub as above. 353/23 (Air-Grd). (3) Ditto, from Third Army, 17 Nov 41, sub as above. 353/19 (Air-Grd). (4) Rad, Devers to CG FF, 6 Jan 42. Synopsis on listing sheet, 353/25 (Air-Grd).    (5) AFCC ltr ACC 353 Combined Tng (Gen) to CG FF, 9 Jan 42, sub as above. 353/27 (Air-Grd). (6) Ltr of CG FF to TAG, 31 Jan 42, sub as above. Incl draft of Field manual. 461/179.

42. For this and the two following paragraphs see particularly pars 2, 4 to 7, 52 and 109, and Figs 1 and 2 of FM 31-35, 1942.


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