Cedar Creek After Action Report, Commander, 5th New York Heavy Artillery Regiment, 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 8th Corps (OR, 43, 382-3)


CEDAR CREEK, VA., October 20, 1864.

I have the honor to submit the following report of the part taken by the Second Battalion, Fifth Artillery Few York Volunteers, under my command in the action of the 19th instant:

The battalion went on picket on the morning of the 17th and was still upon that duty in front of First Division, Army of West Virginia, when the attack was made by the enemy on the morning of the 19th. About one hour before daylight some rebel cavalry appeared in front of the left of the lines, but being fired upon retired. That portion of the line then deployed as skirmishers. Shortly after a column of the enemy crossed the creek on the right of the line, was fired upon by the pickets posted there, also by the small reserve, but they did not return the fire. The reserve fell back in skirmishing order, but was unable to check in the slightest degree the advance of the enemy. With the exception of about forty men capable of bearing arms, the whole battalion was captured. What few escaped was so much scattered as to be unable to take any further part in the action.

A list of casualties will be forwarded as soon as I am able to complete it. [The list subsequently forwarded showed 4 officers and 305 men captured.]

Very respectfully,


Capt., Comdg. Second Battalion, Fifth Artillery New York Vols.

Lieut. I.C. DISOSWAY, Aide de-Camp..


CEDAR CREEK, VA., October 25, 1864.


Acting Assistant Adjutant-General:

I have the honor to submit the following report of the conduct of the officers of the Second Battalion, Fifth Artillery New York Volunteers, in the action of October 19, 1864:

The battalion was on picket when the attack was made, and all taken prisoners, except a few from the right company and a few who were left in camp, being unfit for duty. The officers who escaped capture are myself, commanding battalion, Lieutenant and Adjutant Jacobson; Lieutenant Hobbins, commanding right company, and Doctor Bowers, surgeon. What few of the men that remained were so much scattered that at no time during the day could they be made an effective organization. I myself, after vainly endeavoring to rally some of the corps on the pike and in the woods on the left, searched over the field, hoping to find some part of the battalion which I hoped had escaped, but found none, but heard that the colors and a few men were with the Thirty-fourth Massachusetts at Newtown. Went there, but the men being those most unfit for duty, and the surgeon urging it, let them remain. Lieutenant Robbins succeeded in collecting about sixteen men and went into camp with them with the brigade. Adjutant Jacobson reported to Colonel Thoburn, commanding First Division, and by his orders gave his attention to the saving of the trains and went with them to Winchester. Doctor Bowers rendered assistance in the hospitals at Newtown.

I have the honor to be, respectfully, your obedient servant.


Captain, Commanding Battalion.