Cover: Department of the Army Historical Summary Fiscal Year, 1994


Department of the Army
Historical Summary

Fiscal Year 1994

by
L. Martin Kaplan

Edited by
Cheryl Morai-Young

CENTER OF MILITARY HISTORY
UNITED STATES ARMY
WASHINGTON, D. C., 2000


 

 

The Library of Congress has cataloged
this serial publication as follows:

 

Library of Congress Catalog Card 75-09647561

ISSN 0092-7880

 

 

CMH Pub 101-25


Contents

Chapter

 

Page

1.

INTRODUCTION

3

 

Highlights of the Army's Activities

3

 

National Military Strategy

7

2.

ORGANIZATION, MANAGEMENT, AND BUDGET

9

 

Organizational Changes

9

 

Management and Information Systems

12

 

Economies and Efficiencies

21

 

Budget

27

3.

PERSONNEL

35

 

Enlisted Personnel

35

 

Officer Personnel

39

 

Civilian Workforce

44

 

Special Topics

44

4.

FORCE DEVELOPMENT, TRAINING, AND OPERATIONAL FORCES

53

 

Blueprint for the Future

53

 

Force Development

57

 

Training

60

 

Deployed Operational Forces

63

 

Army Special Operations Forces

66

 

Military Intelligence

66

 

Nuclear, Biological, and Chemical Issues

69

 

Army in Space

69

5.

RESERVE FORCES

71

 

Force Structure

71

 

Strength and Personnel Management

73

 

Training and Readiness

74

 

Mobilization

80

 

Reserve Component Support to Civil Authorities

82

 

Equipment and Maintenance

86

iii


Chapter

 

Page

6.

LOGISTICS

91

 

Management and Planning

91

 

Maintenance

92

 

Sustainability

93

 

Security Assistance

95

 

Research, Development, and Acquisition (RDTE)

101

7.

SUPPORT SERVICES

111

 

Morale, Welfare, and Recreation (MWR)

111

 

Food Service

113

 

Health and Medical Programs

114

 

Army Chaplaincy

117

 

Army Pay

118

 

Army Housing

118

 

Army Safety Program

119

 

Army Career and Alumni Program

120

 

Army and Air Force Exchange Service

120

 

Command Information

121

 

Army Tuition Assistance Program

122

 

Army Postal Operations

123

 

Total Army Quality

123

 

Army Sports Program

124

 

Construction, Facilities and Real Property

124

 

Legacy Program

129

8.

SPECIAL FUNCTIONS

131

 

Environmental Protection

131

 

Small and Disadvantaged Business Utilization

135

 

Legal Affairs

136

 

Inspector General Activities

138

 

The Army and Arms Control

139

 

World War II Commemoration

140

9.

CONCLUSION

141

 

GLOSSARY

145

 

APPENDIX A. Organization of the Department of the Army

(inside back cover)

iv


Tables

No.

 

Page

1.

FY 1994 Budget Appropriations and FY 1995 Requests

31

2.

FY 1994 Active Army Accessions

36

3.

FY 1994 Army Reserve Accessions

36

4.

FY 1994 Army National Guard Accessions

37

5.

FY 1994 Active Army Retention Statistics

37

6.

FY 1994 Officer End Strength by Grade

39

7.

FY 1994 Commissioned Officer Accessions

40

8.

Promotion Rates and DOPMA Standards

43

9.

FY 1994 Army National Guard Lieutenant Commissioning Sources

44

10.

FY 1994 Enlisted Personnel Separated Due to Weight Control Program

51

11.

FY 1994 Joint Publications

57

12.

FY 1994 Assisted Drug Seizures

85

13.

FY 1994 Counterdrug Missions

86

14.

FY 1994 Reserve Component Major Equipment Shortages

89

15.

FY 1994 Reserve Component Incompatible Equipment

90

16.

Procurement Budget Figures

101

17.

Military Construction Projects

124

18.

FY 1994 Reserve Component Environmental Requirements

133

19.

Comparison of Courts-Martial for FY 1993 and FY 1994

136

v


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Last updated 19 December 2003