CHARLES PELOT SUMMERALL was born in Blunts Ferry, Florida, on 4 March 1867; graduated from the United States Military Academy, 1892; was commissioned a second lieutenant and assigned to the 1st Infantry, June 1892; transferred to the 5th Artillery, March 1893; performed garrison duty in California, 1893-1895; served at Fort Hamilton, 1895-1898; was assigned to the Department of the Gulf as aide to the commander and as an engineer officer, 1898-1899; was promoted to first lieutenant, March 1899; participated with his unit in the Philippine Insurrection, 1899-1900; was a member of the China Relief Expedition, 1900-1901, and participated in the attack on Peking; was promoted to captain and assigned to the 106th Coast Artillery Company, July 1901; married Laura Mordecai, August 1901; served at Forts Walla Walla and Lawton, commanding the latter post, 1901-1902; was on duty at Camp Skagway and commanded and was in charge of preliminary work at Fort Seward; commanded Fort Flagler, 1902-1903; was transferred to the 3d Field Artillery Battery with duty at Camp Thomas and Fort Myer, 1903-1905; was senior instructor of artillery tactics at West Point, 1905-1911; was promoted to major, March 1911; commanded the field artillery of the Maneuver Division at San Antonio, Texas; commanded the summer camps of instruction for Army and National Guard artillery, 1912-1914; was assistant chief of the Militia Bureau and in charge of National Guard artillery, 1915-1917; was engaged in purchasing artillery ranges and was a member of the Ordnance Board, 1915-1916, the commission to investigate the manufacture of munitions, 1916, the Board of Ordnance and Fortification, 1917, and the military mission to British and French armies, 1917; was promoted to lieutenant colonel, 1916, colonel, 1917, and brigadier general in the National Army, August 1917; commanded the 67th Field Artillery Brigade and the 1st Field Artillery Brigade in operations in France, 1917; was promoted to major general in the National Army and successively commanded his brigade, the 1st Division, and the V Corps in the Cantigny, Soissons, St. Mihiel, and Meuse-Argonne operations, 1918; commanded the IX and IV Corps and served on the American Peace Commission, 1919; commanded the 1st Division, 1919-1921, receiving promotions in the Regular Army to brigadier general (February 1919) and major general (April 1920); commanded the Hawaiian Department, 1921-1924, and Eighth and Second Corps Areas, 1924-1926; was chief of staff of the United States Army, 21 November 1926-20 November 1930, with promotion to general in February 1929; directed the formation of a mechanized force and recommended an integrated mobile force of tank, artillery, engineer, and quartermaster elements; retired from active service, March 1931; was president of The Citadel, in Charleston, South Carolina, 1931-1953; died in Washington, D.C., on 14 May 1955.
Ray Edward Goodbred (1929-) was born in Brooklyn, New York. He studied art in New York City, first at the Art Students League under Robert Brackman and then at the National Academy of Design under Ogden Pleissner. After moving to Charleston, South Carolina, he opened a studio and specialized in portraits, figures, and still life. He also taught at the Gibes Museum's Hastie School of Art in Charleston, and in 1975 he was invited to teach at the Art Students League of New York. During his career he received numerous awards for his work, which has been widely exhibited and collected. He painted the portraits of many prominent individuals in the fields of business and the professions, as well as three of The Citadel's presidents-Army General Mark W. Clark, Army Maj. Gen. James W. Duckett, and Air Force Lt. Gen. Claudius E. Watts III. His portrait of General Charles P. Summerall is reproduced from the Army Art Collection.
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